TRACER STUDY OF AIT GRADUATES_Presentation_24_Feb_2009 by cuiliqing

VIEWS: 185 PAGES: 96

									TRACER STUDY OF AIT
    GRADUATES

     2003 - 2008


   Punya Prasad Regmi
  Consultant / Researcher
PRESENTATION HIGHLIGHTS

 Tracer Studies in AIT
 Tracer Study of AIT Graduates
 (2003 to mid 2008)
    Research Methodology
    Results and Discussions
    Key Findings and Recommendations
TRACE STUDIES IN AIT
1.    Enquiry into the Whereabouts of AIT Graduates (unpublished survey,
      1971).
2.    Questionnaire to the AIT Graduates (unpublished survey, 1973).
3.    Alumni Tracer Study and Employer Survey (covering the years of
      graduation from 1961 until 1976; published in 1978).
4.    Revised Tracer Study on Alumni from 1976 -1979 and Alumni Directory
      1961 - 1979 (published in 1980).
5.    Tracer Study and Directory of Alumni for the Period 1961 - 1981
      (published in 1982).
6.    Tracer Study 1961 - 1984 Alumni (published in 1985).
7.    AIT Alumni 1961 - 1987 Tracer Study (published in 1990).
8.    1990 Alumni Tracer Study (published in 1991)
9.    AIT Alumni 1961 - 1990 Employer Study. Interim Report on Preliminary
      Findings (published in 1992).
10.   AIT Women Graduates Tracer Study, 1961 - 1990 (Asian Women and
      Technological Careers, 1992).
11.   AIT Alumni Tracer Study (published 1993).
12.   Tracer Study of AIT Alumnae and Alumni with German Scholarship or
      Fellowship, 1972 - 1999 (published in 2002).
13.   Tracer Study: Urban Environmental Management Graduates, 1998 -
      2005 (published in 2006).
14.   Tracer Study of AIT Graduates, 2003 - Mid 2008 (published in 2009).
    TRACER STUDY OF AIT GRADUATES 2009
     Two Separate Reports
                – Overall Graduates
                – Graduates with Norwegian Scholarship
     Objectives
o     To find out the effectiveness and relevance of AIT degree as a
      resource and credential for employment/job placement upon
      graduation from AIT; employment opportunities for graduates –
      for both men and women,
o     To find out the relevance of AIT courses/curricula and research to
      the current job function and professional development in
      respective fields, and furthering academic/scientific pursuits,
o     To find out the professional status and ranks of the AIT graduates
      in their respective employments,
o     To assess the level of networking among AIT graduates and
      recommendations to strengthen the existing network among
      them,
o     To assess the gender awareness of AIT graduates in their
      respective professions, and
o     To assess the contribution of AIT graduates in the development
      of their home countries and of the region; including contribution
      to poverty alleviation and to fulfill AIT’s mission.
ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE -
TRACER STUDY OF AIT GRADUATES 2009
 Pre-introduction (title page, foreword, preface,
 acknowledgement, executive summary, table of contents, list
 of abbreviations)

 Main body [ 1. Introduction, 2. Research Design,3. AIT
 Graduates, 4. Graduates before Studies at AIT, 5. Studies
 at AIT, 6. Feedback on Teaching, Research and Services, 7.
 Career Decision and Employments, 8. Relevancies and
 Effectiveness, 9. Developmental Activities and Networking,
 10. Partnerships and Suggestions, 11. Perspectives of
 Employers and Peers on AIT Graduates, and 12. Key
 Findings and Recommendations]

 Appendices (appendix tables, coordination schema,
 questionnaires, and list of respondents)
TARGET AND RESPONDENT GRADUATES
 Conducted in 2008/09 targeting recent past
 graduates (2005 to mid 2008)

 Target Population: 3996 ( 2491 males and 1505
 females) from 60 countries and territories

 Respondent Graduates: 1121 (676 males and 445
 Females) or 28.05% of the Target Population.
       600 (54%) - sent email
       426 (38%) - submitted through online
        95 (8%) - sent by post / hand delivery
AIT Graduates by Countries from where
Completed Questionnaire Received
                                                                            Percentage of
Serial No.   Name of the Country        Target Alumni   Respondent Alumni
                                                                             Respondent
    1        Thailand                           1085                 408           37.60
    2        Vietnam                            1058                 389           36.77
    3        India                               226                  27           11.95
    4        Bangladesh                          203                  39           19.21
    5        Nepal                               197                  81           41.12
    6        Myanmar                             174                  18           10.34
    7        China                               149                  10             6.71
    8        Cambodia                            146                  50           34.25
    9        Lao PDR                             128                  28           21.88
   10        France                               95                   2             2.11
   11        Sri Lanka                            94                  27           28.72
   12        Indonesia                            94                   8             8.51
   13        Pakistan                             65                   8           12.31
   14        Bhutan                               55                   8           14.55
   15        Philippines                          54                   9           16.67
   16        Malaysia                             18                   2           11.11
   17        Maldives                              5                   2           40.00
   18        Japan                                14                   1             7.14
   19        Mongolia                             13                   1             7.69
   20        Ethiopia                             12                   1             8.33
   21        Uzbekistan                            4                   1           25.00
   22        Norway                                3                   1           33.33
             Non-responding countries
                                                 104                   0            0.00
             (38)
  Total                                         3996                1121           28.05
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Approach
    Census survey of AIT graduates (2003 -2008)
    Survey of Employers
    Survey of Peers

Survey Organization
    Updating Contact Details (PS, MC, NC, FP)
    Coordination Schema
    Developing Questionnaires (three sets)
    Data Collection

         Mail Questionnaire ( by Post, Email, Online)
         Personal Interview (by Researcher, Project staff, Focal person,
         Research assistant
         Country Visits by Researcher (Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Sri
         Lanka, Nepal, Myanmar)
         Requesting and Reminding Time to Time

Data entry and Analysis (Defining variables,          Defining variable
labels, Defining values, Data cleaning, Data Validating and Analysis in
SPSS)

Report Writing (Two Separate Reports)
TARGET AND RESPONDENT GRADUATES

                              Figure 3.2: Target AIT Graduates by Region
                                              (Total : 3996)

                  South Asia                            Others
                    21%                                  5%




                                                       East Asia and Pacific

Graduates                                                      74%



  by Region
                               Figure 3.4: Respondent Graduates by Region
                                               (Total: 1121)

              South Asia, 192, 17%
                                                  Other, 5, 0%




                                                                 East Asia and Pacific,
                                                                       924, 83%
TARGET AND RESPONDENT GRADUATES
           Figure 3.3: Total Target Graduates by Economic Classification of the Countries
                                            (Total : 3996)



                     Upper Middle Income
                                                   High Income
                             1%
                                                       4%


                                                                            Low Income
    Lower Middle Income                                                        58%
           37%




                     Figure 3.5: Respondent Graduates by Economic Categories
                                            (Total: 1121)
                 Uper Middle and High
                       Income
                         1%



    Lower Middle Income
                                                                           Low Income
           41%
                                                                              58%
         TARGET AND RESPONDENT GRADUATES

                                 Figure 3.6: Target and Respondent Graduates by Gender and Graduation Year
         600

               492
         500                                                                             473                    472
                                                                 456


         400
                                           339
Number




                                                                       296                                            306
         300                                                                                   276
                     251                                                                                                               259

                                                 197
         200                                                                                                                                 179
                                                                             128                     140                    139
                           110
                                                       81                          88                      86                     94
         100                                                                                                                                       78 69
                                 55                         53

           0


                 2003                        2004                  2005                     2006                  2007                   2008
                                                                               Graduation Year


                                      Male target graduates                                    Female target graduates
                                      Male respondent graduates                                Female respondent graduates
RESPONDENT GRADUATES BEFORE AIT
      Figure 4.1: Academic Degree before AIT
                   (Total : 1064)

                                                 M as te r
                                                  14%

                     Bache lor
                       86%



           Figure 4.2: Academic Background before AIT
                            (Total : 744)
    Humanities and Social
         Science
            20%
                                                        Science
                                                         38%




       Engineering
          42%
RESPONDENT GRADUATES BEFORE AIT

                       Figure 4.3: Respondent by Graduation Year before AIT
                                          (Total : 1066)

         600
                                                                               521
         500

         400                                                       344
Number




         300

         200
                                                       104
         100                                                                                42
                              18           31
                   6
          0
               1976 - 1980 1981 - 1985 1986 - 1990 1991 - 1995 1996 - 2000 2001 - 2005 2006 - 2007
                                                 Graduation Year
   RESPONDENT GRADUATES BEFORE AIT
          (Knowing About AIT)
Sources of Information
                                 Frequency Percent
(N=526)
Parents / Relatives / Friends          376    71.5
AIT Alumni                             268    51.0
Former University Professors           184    35.0
Advertisement in TV                    163    31.0
Employer / Co-worker                   138    26.2
AIT Homepage                           118    22.4
AIT Faculty/ Staff                     118    22.4
Advertisement through Radio/FM          97    18.4
University Placement Office             75    14.3
Advertisement in Newspapers             71    13.5
Others                                  37     7.0
Work Experience before Enrolling in AIT
      Figure 4.5: Work Experience of Graduates before AIT
                         (Total : 1094)
                  No
                 21%




                                             Yes
                                             79%

      Figure 4.6: Work Duration of AIT Graduates before AIT
                          (Total : 408)

                           6%
                  15%                        <1 Year
                                   16%
                                             1 to <2 Years

                                             2 to <5 Years
           24%
                                             5 to 10 years

                                             > 10 Years
                                39%
          Figure 4.7: Main Employer Type before AIT
                          (Total : 835)

                  Academic / reserch           Central government
                     insttitutions                     23%
                         23%
                                                        International / regional
    Public service / utility                                  organization
           provider                                               9%
             6%                                          Regional / local
             Private sector                               government
                  22%                                         8%

                                                    Non-governmental
                       Financial institution
                                                      organization
                               3%
                                                          6%




Individual main function at work: Out of 816 respondents, 41 %
reported project implementation, management (28%), teaching (22%),
research analysis / policy inputs (21%) and knowledge and
information dissemination (19%).
Job Position before AIT by Gender
Job position                  Male       %   Female  %    Total %
Junior Professional           222       43.4  135   40.9 357 42.4
Junior Management              61       11.9   73   22.1 134 15.9
Middle Management             120       23.5   64   19.4 184 21.9
Middle Professional            98       19.2   54   16.4 152 18.1
Senior Professional             3        0.6    3    0.9   6    0.7
Senior Management               7        1.4    1    0.3   8    1.0
Total                         511      100.0  330   100.0 841 100.0

Job Position before AIT by Economic Categories
 Job position                    Economic Classification of Countries           Total
                       LIC    %      LMC %           UMC %            HIC %     %
 Senior Management        7     1.4     1     0.3        0     0.0      0   0.0    8  1.0
 Middle Management      129    25.4    54 16.5           0     0.0      1 25.0 184 21.9
 Junior Management       91    17.9    42 12.8           0     0.0      1 25.0 134 15.9
 Senior Professional      2     0.4     4     1.2        0     0.0      0   0.0    6  0.7
 Middle Professional     80    15.7    71 21.6           0     0.0      1 25.0 152 18.1
 Junior Professional    199    39.2 156 47.6             1 100.0        1 25.0 357 42.4
 Total                  508   100.0 328 100.0            1 100.0        4 100.0 841 100.0
Salary before AIT by Gender
Salary (US$/Month)   Male    %       Female   %       Total   %
< 100                   56    11.1       42    13.5     98     12.0
100 to 200            107     21.2       61    19.6    168     20.6
201 to 500            192     38.1      127    40.8    319     39.1
501 to 1000           108     21.4       62    19.9    170     20.9
1001 to 2000            27     5.4       15     4.8     42      5.2
2001 to 3000             7     1.4        4     1.3     11      1.3
> 3000                   7     1.4        0     0.0      7      0.9
Total                 504    100.0      311   100.0    815    100.0
Salary before AIT by Gender, Economic
Categories, and Region (US$/Month)

                      Aspects                    Mean Salary
  Gender            Male                         495
                    Female                       440
  Economic          LIC                          378
  Classification    LMC                          609
                    UMC                          750
                    HIC                          2000
  Region            Southeast Asia and Pacific   488
                    South Asia                   375
                    Europe and Central Asia      2250
                    Sub Saharan Africa           150
  Total (average)                                474
Studies at AIT
                        Figure 5.1: Target Graduates by Schools and Graduation Year

   350

   300

   250

   200

   150

   100

    50

         0
                 2003              2004               2005               2006         2007         2008
                                                       Graduation Year

                         SERD                   SOM                  SAT        SET          SCE




             Figure 5.2: Respondent Graduates by Schools in AIT
                                (Total: 1121)


                                  SOM
                                  22%                                SERD
                                                                      38%
                                          SET
                                          40%
Studies at AIT
 Figure 5.3: Respondent Graduates by Academic Degree
                     (Total: 1123)

                                 D Tech Sc
               D Eng                               Ph D
                                    2%
                4%                                  3%



             MBA
             22%
                                                       M Eng
                                                        41%


                    M Sc
                    28%

                               Male                Female
  Degree   Total (N)
                            nm  % (nm / N)    nf     % (nf / N)
  M Eng      464           352     75.9      112       24.1
  M Sc       314           141     44.9      173       55.1
  MBA        247           122     49.4      125       50.6
  D Eng      45             38     84.4       7        15.6
  D Tech
              22            8        36.4    14           63.6
  Sc
  Ph D        31            17       54.8    14           45.2
  Total      1123          678       60.4    445          39.6
Feedback on Teaching in AIT
            Figure 6.1: Teaching Quality of AIT
                       (Total : 1023)

                    Poor and Very poor
                            1%
                                               Excellent
     Good                                        15%
      29%




                                                      Very Good
                                                         55%




Reasons of the poor and very poor ratings: weak practical aspects,
inadequate facilities, less cooperating and less helping in thesis
supervision, high course fee but poor learning materials, high politics
among instructors, and heterogeneity in the background of the students
and diversity in teaching that had to be compromised.
Feedback on Thesis Research in AIT
             Figure 6.2: Satisfaction Level on Thesis Research in AIT

             3               13                9
 100%       27                                                                                    27
                             42               47                  55              56
  95%
                                                                                                  54
  90%                                                                             86
            165
  85%                                                             99
                                              207
  80%
                            215
  75%
                                                                                                  223
  70%                                                                            271
  65%
  60%                                                            238
            364
  55%
  50%                                         390
  45%
  40%                       318
  35%                                                                            325              284
  30%                                                            211
  25%
  20%       344
  15%                                         246
  10%                       130                                                  154              114
                                                                  92
   5%
   0%
         Research         Comitte        Flexibility of      Reseach fund    Help received    Help received
        supervisor's     members'       choice in topic       availability   from seniors    from own batch
        contribution    contribution       selection                                             mates

                       Very high       High         Medium         Low       Very low
Feedback on Dissertation Research in AIT

            Figure 6.3: Satisfaction Level on Dissertation Research in AIT

 100%
             3                2             2                                            3
  95%                         5             3             10               4
  90%                                                                                    8
  85%
            15                                                            11
  80%
                                           19             14
  75%                         26
  70%
                                                                                        25
  65%
            27                                                            27
  60%                                                     23
  55%
  50%                                      34
  45%                         28
  40%                                                                                   34
  35%
                                                          26              24
  30%
  25%
  20%
            40
  15%                         27           27
  10%
                                                          14              16            17
   5%
   0%

         Research        Comitte       Flexibility of Reseach fund    Help received Help received
        supervisor's    members'      choice in topic  availability   from seniors from own batch
        contribution   contribution     selection                                      mates

                  Very high        High         Medium         Low         Very low
  Reason for Rating “Low and Very Low” by
  Research Aspects
Research                                                Comments
aspects
Funding on       Not enough fund to conduct research, little options to acquire research fund, no
research         provision of getting fund for attending conference or workshops to enhance the career,
                 most of the research fund was enough for traveling what was left was not enough to do
                 extensive research, no any advice about funding source for students, flat rate is not
                 suitable for all type of research, both scholarships and research funds are very low
                 compare with the other countries, and given budget is too low compare to the time and
                 work load of the research.
Supervision on   Due to a huge of number of students, advisor does not have enough time to contribute,
research         read and comment on thesis and dissertation research and committee members didn't
                 pay full attention.
Help from        If not at all but very poor connection between senior and junior, sometimes seniors are
seniors and      not available or reluctant to help at the time of need, sometime the time of research did
batch mates on   not match with the timing of senior’s presence. Due to the feeling of competition own
research         batch mates do not want to help each other.
Rating on AIT Services
                Figure 6.4: Quality of Information, Advice, and Services at AIT
         8          14         13         10        8                   13                      18    5            8       13                  19                19              11                       7
100%                                                                                                         36
         25         28         59         30        36                  78                            34           42      80                  53                56              39                      29
                                                                                                70           82
 90%    211
                   261                    202
 80%                                                310                                               282                                                                        283                   331
                               373                                     325                                         388                         409               414
 70%                                                                                            384         369            429
 60%
 50%                                      474
        548
                   537                              460                                               476                                                                        470
 40%                                                                   430
                               447                                                                          369    414                                                                                 544
 30%                                                                                            357                        385                 437               416
 20%
                                          297
 10%    216        172                              187                163                            215                                                                        201
                               124                                                              114         148    123      87                 81                100                                     91
  0%




                                                                                                                            Alumni Relations
                                                                                                       Experimental lab
                                                                        Computing facilities




                                                                                                                                                                                 Sport facilities
                                          Library
          administration and




                                                                                                   Government relation
       School administration




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Overall management of
                                                                                                                                               Student Affairs

                                                                                                                                                                 Student union
                                                                                                Classroom facilities and
                               Registry




                                                    Language center




                                                                                               accommodation/housing
            Field of study


         and management




                                                                                                            facilities

                                                                                                      environment




                                                                                                           office
                                                                                                        Student




                                                                                                                                                                                                             AIT
                                Excellent                             Very good                         Good         Poor                          Very poor
  Reason for Rating as “Low and Very Low”
  on AIT Services
Service Unit                                                 Comments
Computing facilities   Very slow internet connection with low bandwidth availability really hampers the
                       research study and day to day communication works, not sufficient number and
                       quality of computers, difficult to access in Alumni Web, hard to update
                       information, and Network is very slow.
Student                Staffs at student accommodation are not really helpful though they speak very
accommodation /        friendly, more biased to some countries and students, poor facilities in standard
housing                dorm, things especially the wraps for beds and pillows which are too old and not
                       in white color anymore (no replacement), student accommodations need major
                       renovation
Classroom facilities   Sometimes air condition does not work and very small enclosure.
and environment
Library                Most of the books are out dated, almost damaged and very old and less forefront
                       journals
Language center        Not enough qualified English instructors
Experimental lab       No enough lab facility for all subjects/items and whatever available are mostly
facilities             outdated experimental lab Facilities
Administration         Administration and management are in need of improvement, do not care much
                       for the students, lot of mistakes in documentation, especially in finance and
                       housing section
Alumni Relation        Slow in response and procedures related to AITAA matters.
Registry               Service is poor.
Suggestions for Strengthening AIT

Figure 6.4: Suggestion for Strengthening AIT Targeting its Future Graduates
                                 (Total : 929)

                           Add new courses
                                 5%           Other suggestions
 Content and coverage                                7%
      of courses
          4%

   Teaching and research
          quality                                Practical application
           36%                                    for problem solving
                                                         skills
                                                          48%
Decision Immediately after Graduation from AIT

Gender, Economy, and                         Yes                            No            Total
Region                                   f           %             f               %       f     %
Male                                   518         79.3          135             20.7    653    100
Female                                 337         76.8          102             23.2    439    100
Total                                  855         78.3          237             21.7   1092    100
LIC                                    512         80.5          124             19.5    636    100
LMC                                    338         75.1          112             24.9    450    100
UMC                                      1         50.0            1             50.0      2    100
HIC                                      4        100.0            0              0.0      4    100
Total                                  855         78.3          237             21.7   1092    100
East Asia and Pacific                  717         79.3          187             20.6    904    100
South Asia                             134         72.8           50         27.2        184    100
Europe and Central Asia                  3        100.0            0              0.0      3    100
Africa                                   1        100.0            0              0.0      1    100
Total                                  855         78.3          237             21.7   1092    100

                                 Figure 7.1: Returning to/
                               Remaining Home Country after
                                   Graduation from AIT



                         400
                         375
                         350
                         325
                         300
                         275
                         250
                Number




                         225
                         200
                         175
                         150
                         125
                         100                                     Non-Thai
                          75
                          50
                          25                              Thai
                           0
                                 Yes         No
Rejoining the Previous Job / Employer

  Response          Frequency   Percent    Valid Percent
  Yes                     448       40.0             44.5
  No                      384       34.3             38.1
  Not applicable          175       15.7             17.4
         Subtotal        1007       89.8            100.0
  No answer               114       10.2
  Total                  1121     100.0
Duration Taken for the First Job
after Graduation from AIT
Duration                    Male                Female                Total
                   Frequency        %      Frequency      %      Frequency     %
Confirmed before      78           34.1       59         29.9      137        32.2
Graduation
< 1Month             51.0          22.3      37.0        18.8      88.0       20.7
> 1 to < 3Months     67.0          29.3      58.0        29.4      125.0      29.3
> 3 to < 6Months     23.0          10.0      27.0        13.7      50.0       11.7
> 6Months to          6.0           2.6       8.0         4.1      14.0        3.3
1Year
> 1Year               4.0           1.7       8.0         4.1      12.0        2.8
Total                 229          100.0     197         100.0     426        100.0
Current Involvement of AIT
Graduates
Involvement          Frequency    Percent Valid Percent
Job                         901       80.4         85.4
Study                        87        7.8          8.2
Business                     53        4.7          5.0
Other                        14        1.2          1.3
          Subtotal         1055       94.1        100.0
No Answer                    66        5.9
Total                      1121      100.0
Job Positions of AIT Graduates
Job          Last Job Position before AIT        Current Job Position
Rank     Gender       Male Female Total Male Female Total
Senior   Frequency         7         1       8   82         39       121
         Percent         1.4       0.3     1.0 14.5       10.2      12.7
Middle   Frequency      120         64    184   414        274       688
         Percent       23.5      19.4 21.9 73.0           71.4      72.3
Junior   Frequency      384       265     649    71         71       142
         Percent       75.1      80.3 77.2 12.5           18.5      14.9
Total    Frequency      511       330     841   567        384       951
         Percent      100.0     100.0 100.0 100.0       100.0        100
Age and Current Job Position
Main Employer Type
Figure 7.3: Main Employer Type for the Current Job Positions
                       (Total : 1014)
                                    Central government
            Academic / reserch
                                            16%
               insttitutions                       International / regional
                   23%                                   organization
             Other                                           16%
              5%                                          Regional / local
                                                           government
 Public service / utility
                                                               5%
        provider
          5%                                            Non-governmental
              Private sector                              organization
                    19%                                       7%
                               Financial institution
                                       4%
 Type of Individual Main Function at Work
 Main Function (Multiple Response)       Frequency Percent
 Project Implementation                        379    39.8
 Management                                    347    36.4
 Research Analysis / Policy Inputs             256    26.9
 Teaching                                      213    22.4
 Knowledge / Information Dissemination         208    21.8



Compared with the last job before AIT, an
upward shift was found for management (28 to
36 percent) and for research analysis / policy
inputs (21 percent to 27 percent).
Salary Level
Salary Range        Current Position           Last Job before AIT
(US$/Month)       Frequency Percent          Frequency      Percent
< 100                           33     3.5          98               12.0
100 to 200                      77     8.3         168               20.6
201 to 500                     168    18.1         319          39.1
501 to 1000                    310   33.3          170               20.9
1001 to 2000                   223    24.0          42            5.2
2001 to 3000                    54     5.8          11            1.3
> 3000                          65     7.0           7            0.9
Total                          930   100.0         815          100.0

                Figure 7.4: Level of Satisfaction with Current Job
                                   (Total : 925)

               Not Satisfied
                   12%




                                                               Satisfied
                                                                88%
 ANOVA based on Age categories (3
 Categories) and Salaries
     Job               Test                    df         Mean Square          F     Sig.
     Current Job       Between Groups               2       486754.102     .743      .476
     (After AIT)       Within Groups           928          655188.634
                       Total                   930
     Last Job          Between Groups               2      3024545.519     13.8      .001
     (Before AIT)                                                              57
                       Within Groups           812          218274.466
                       Total                   814


                               Paired Differences                                      t     df    Sig. (2-
                                                                                                   tailed)
Mean salary   Std. Deviation     Std. Error Mean        95% Confidence Interval of
                                                              the Difference

                                                         Lower         Upper

 535.007         730.627              27.674            480.672       589.343         19.3   696   0.001
Salary Level by Graduation Year
   ANOVA Results for the AIT Graduation Year (6 Categories) and Salaries
Variables                  Sum of Squares          df      Mean      F      Sig.
                                                          Square
Graduation Year     Between
                                     14825667.2     5    2965133.4   4.6   0.0004
and Salary of       Groups
current Job after   Within Groups   594162893.5    925    642338.3
AIT                 Total           608988560.7    930
Graduation Year     Between
                                       1259370.5    5     251874.1   1.1   0.3482
and Salary before   Groups
AIT                 Within Groups   181967335.0    809    224928.7
                    Total           183226705.5    814
Job Position and Salary Income
by Gender
 Wilcoxon Signed Ranks and Pearson Chi-Square Tests for Job
 Ranks and Gender

Rank                         Before AIT                           After AIT
                             Male Female Total                    Male Female Total
Executive / Senior                 7         1                8      82        39           121
Middle                          120        64            184       415       273            688
Junior                          384       265            649         71        71           142
Total                           511       330            841       568       383            951
Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test   Z      =      -24.793                Z = -20.550
                             Asymp. Sig. (2-tailed) = 0.001       Asymp. Sig. (2-tailed) = 0.001
Pearson Chi-Square Test      Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) = 0.099        Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)= 0.011
 Job Relevancy of AIT Studies in
 Current Involvement
  Employment History and Job Relevancy of AIT Studies
Involvement and Employment                                   Relevancy
Profile                              Exactly related       Partially related        Not related
                                   Frequency       %     Frequency        %     Frequency       %
Current job and business (n=954)      540         56.6      372          39.0       42         4.4
Second last job (n=262)               131         50.0      103          39.3       28        10.7
Third last job (n=91)                  45         49.5       33          36.3       13        14.3
Fourth last job (n=32)                 14         43.8       12          37.5        6        18.8
Fifth last job (n=9)                    5         55.6        3          33.3        1        11.1
Usefulness of AIT Studies in Current Involvement
        Figure 8.1: Usefulness of AIT Studies in Current Involvement


 100%     11            17                 10                   17                6          5
          34                               52                                    29          32
                        81                                      60
  90%
          224                                                                    221         213
  80%                                    223
                        272                                    278
  70%

  60%

  50%     440                            409                                                 504
                                                                                 518
  40%                   371                                    415

  30%

  20%
          249                            265                                                 229
  10%                   217                                    189               173

  0%




                                                                                  Networks
                                                            Internationality
                                        Workshops / Field
           Course




                                                                                             Overall Program
                        Research




                                                              Multicultural
                                                               Learning /
                                             Visits




                                   Sources of Knowledge/Skills

            Very high          High        Medium                Low           Very Low
Overall Benefit Gained from AIT Studies
          Figure 8.2: Level of Benefits Gained from AIT Studies
           5          2          4        4        23        24                                                                  11
   100%                                  11
          31         18        22
                                                   46        45                                                                  48
                                         112
   90%              150        187
          213
   80%
                                                                                  307                    289                    259
   70%

   60%                                                        527
                               537
   50%                                        522
          504
                                                                                                                                447
   40%                                                                            435                    420
   30%

   20%
                                                              328
                               279            246
   10%    229
                                                                                  166                    160                    172
    0%
                                             Gaining higher




                                                                                  Gaining higher
                                                              Gaining self-




                                                                                                                                Higher mobility
                               Theoretical




                                                                                                         Promotion in the
          practical skills




                               knowledge




                                                                                                                                across the job
                                                              confidence
                                              recognition
            Technical /




                                                                                     income
                                                status /




                                                                                                            same job

                                                    Aspects of Benefits

                             Very high               High                Medium                    Low                      Very low
Impact of AIT Studies in Scientific and
Educational Fields
                        Figure 8.3: Achievements in Scientific and Educational Fields

                               Aw ards/recognition received         186 109 116

                                            Books published 114 86 206

                                 Research reports produced                386               342             582

                                   Journal articles published        275              318                 640

                   Membership in professional organizations         192 138             371

                                 Consultancy w orks ongoing 148            219               484

                              Consultancy w orks completed           301          158                817

 International seminars /w orkshops/conferences participated          344                    529                      1226

     Papers presented in international seminars/conferences         163         310                 651

        Papers presented in national seminars / conferences                 529               192               616


            Before AIT      During AIT     After AIT            0                       500                1000       1500   2000

                                                                                                            Number
Involvement of AIT Graduates in
Developmental Activities
                       Figure 9.1: Development Contributions by AIT Graduates

 100%
         159                          114            136                                                                             142                               114
                         164                                              176                                         195                          157
                                                                                        255         214
 80%                                  79                                                                                                                                83
         110                                         112                                                                               92
                         126                                                                                                                       108
                                                                          120                                         106
 60%                                  199                                                           133                                                                252
                                                     189                                135                                          203
         239                                                                                                                                       187
                         218                                              206                                         198
 40%                                                                                                190
                                      247                                               198
                                                     221                                                                                                               199
                                                                                                                                     222           187
 20%     189             160                                              153                                         160
                                                                                                    125
                                      133                                               87                                                                             124
          62              59                           91                  52                                           62             75            82
  0%                                                                                    26            39
                                                                                        HIV/AIDS




                                                                                                                                     technology
                                                                                                                                     Information
                                                                                                   Human rights and
        alleviation




                                      Environment
                      Renewable and




                                                                       awareness and
                                                                       Raising gender




                                                                                                                                                   Infrastructure
                                                                                                                      development
                                                    Natural resource




                                                                                                                                                    development
                                                                                                                       Agriculture




                                                                                                                                                                    Entrepreneurship
          Poverty




                                                                                                    peace building
                        sustainable




                                                      management



                                                                         application




                                                                                                                                                                      management /
                          energy




                                                                                                                                                                         Business
                                                                       Developmental Activities

   Very high                             High                                 Medium                                  Low                          Very low
Contributed Development
Projects / Research Studies
Project Focus (n=289)                    Frequency   Percent
                                             (f)      (f/n)
Environment                                 190       65.7
Infrastructure/transport/communication      170       58.8
Natural resource management                 111       38.4
Policy analysis                             106       36.7
Economics /marketing/management              99       34.3
Poverty alleviation                          97       33.6
Energy                                       91       31.5
Capacity development                         73       25.3
Agriculture / rural development              52       18.0
Gender awareness and application             47       16.3
Human rights / HIV / AIDS                     9        3.1

 Altogether 289 respondent AIT graduates provided
 the list of 757 development projects / research
 studies in which they had significantly contributed
 after graduation from AIT.
Involvement of AIT Graduates in
Professional and Social Networks
        Figure 9.2: Membership Type       Figure 9.3: Degree of Involvement in Networks
                 (Total : 210)                             (Total : 239)
 Executive
   9%
                                                Very high        Very low
                                                  13%               7%
                                                                            Low
                                General                                     20%
                                 91%           High
                                               24%
                                                                      Medium
                                                                       36%

Altogether 243 respondents, the highest proportion (45%) of them
indicated as the member of AITAA national chapters and related
organizations, 33 percent for professional organizations, 16
percent for international/regional organizations, and 7 percent for
local non-governmental organizations.
 Partnership to Support AIT
Position of Influence                    Yes                 No            Missing
                             Frequency    %      Frequency   %      Frequency        %
Providing scholarships              83     7.4         608   54.2         430        38.4
Providing research funds            85     7.6         600   53.5         436        38.9
Providing training
                                   108     9.6         575   51.3         438        39.1
participants and funds
Facilitating student
internship /exchange               204    18.2         491   43.8         426            38
program
Facilitating job placement
                                   231    20.6         465   41.5         425        37.9
for AIT graduates
Initiating collaborative
research and academic              252    22.5         410   36.6         459        40.9
programs with AIT
  Suggestions
 Suggestions for Generating More Resources and Financial Viability
    Suggestions (N=310)                                             Frequency      Percent
    Partnership                                                        143          46.1
    Management                                                         114          36.8
    Teaching and Research Quality Improvement                           80          25.8
    Alumni Networking                                                   65          21.0
    Workshops/Training/New Programs                                     63          20.3
    Consulting                                                          23           7.4

   Suggestions for the Future Direction of AIT
     Suggestions (N=334)                                               Frequency   Percent
     Partnership / Exchange Program                                          105      31.4
     Quality Teaching and Research                                            80      24.0
     Improvement in Management                                                71      21.3
     Targeting Practical Problems                                             70      21.0
     Promotional Activities/Conferences                                       48      14.4
     New Programs /Centers /Courses                                           42      12.6
     Strengthening Alumni Relationships                                       26       7.8
     Consulting Services                                                       6       1.8
Suggestions for Strengthening Relation / Partnerships with Alumni
   Suggestions (N=316)                                               Frequency   Percent
   Updating Contact Details and Informing AIT Activities / Events          137      43.4
   Organize Alumni Meeting / Workshops / Forum /Events                     121      38.3
   Initiate New Way of Strengthening Relationships                         109      34.5
   Coordination and Networking through Alumni and AITAA                    108      34.2
 Suggestions on Strengthening AIT Targeting its
 Future Graduates
Strengthening Aspects              Major Suggestions
Course                             More choices on course, additional new or advance courses, specific and
                                   focused courses, highly relevant to regional and global needs.
Research and publication           Increased research fund and research quality, more journal publication in the
                                   world class journal, enhance technical writing and presentation skills.
Quality of teaching / learning     Hire competent and experienced faculty, priority on quality education and
                                   training, improvement in grading systems, invite more guest speakers,
                                   mechanism to evaluate the ethics of faculty members, provide an intensive
                                   English language program, update teaching modules, and enhance
                                   international learning environment.
More practical / field exposures   More site visits and involvement in project implementation, conduct
                                   seminars/workshops for the students, more exposure through more field visits,
                                   more group discussion and sharing of ideas and experiences, and participation
                                   in collaborative/consulting works.
Facilities / management            Credible admission process, better accommodation and medical facilities,
                                   better computing and lab facilities, more funds for research, increase bursary,
                                   improve networking, design courses as per regional needs and should be
                                   affordable, strengthen job placements, and reduce the time duration of
                                   semester break.
Partnerships                       Collaboration with top ranking university, industry, companies,
                                   national/regional/international/global organizations.
Suggestions on Adding New
Courses in AIT
Type of Course                       New courses to be added
Resources and environment            Natural resource planning and policy; strategic environmental assessment,
                                     climate change: international issues; forest management;
Technology                           Automotive, petroleum, nanotechnology, high voltage engineering & power
                                     system protection, mobile communications: practical approach, molecular
                                     biology, six sigma, theory of constraint and CCPM, continuum mechanics,
                                     transport phenomena for porous media, radar remote sensing, and system
                                     admin for ICT.
Social science / language            Gender and disaster management, intensive English language course for
                                     Southeast Asian students, and social entrepreneurship
Quantitative analysis and research   Advanced math, applied research, applied mathematics and computing (C++),
methods                              geotechnical constitutive modeling, numerical methods for engineers,
                                     statistical software for research,
Management / Financing /             Banking / finance and marketing, economics international, community based
Economics                            health management, aquaculture business management, macroeconomics,
                                     marketing and food management, technical project management, strategy
                                     management, lean management, supply and logistics, digital marketing,
                                     business law.
Perspective of Employers
 Background Information of Employers
 Figure 11.2: Ge nde r of Em ploye rs
             (Total : 100)                  Figure 11.1 Age of Employers
                                                      (Total : 99)
       Fe m ale                                > 60 Years
        23%                                                        < 30 Years
                                                   3%
                                                                       9%

                                        51 to 60 Years
                    M ale                    15%
                    77%                                               31 to 40 Years
                                                                           46%

                                         41 to 50 Years
                                              29%




   Nationality: the largest number (31) was constituted
   by Thai nationals followed by Cambodian (11),
   Vietnamese (10), Nepali (7) and 4 each from Lao
   PDR, Sri Lanka, and USA

    Job Position: working as Manager and Director (23),
    Professional (17), Head of the units (10), Deputy Director
    (7), Dean (4), President (2) and each 1 for Rector, Vice
    President, Vice Dean, Deputy Head and Captain
Perspective of Employers
 Duration of Supervision
 Duration           Frequency
 <3 Months              11
 >3 to <6 Months        13
 >6 to <12 Months       11
 >1 to <2 Years         30
 >2 to <5 Years         25
 >5 Years                6
 No answer             4
 Total                100
Perspective of Employers
 Priority in Recruiting AIT Graduates

Figure 11.3: Priority in Recruiting AIT Graduates
                   (Total : 100)
     Very Low        No Answer
        4%              3%        Very High
                                     9%
   Low
   1%

   Medium                             High
    22%                               61%
                                          0%
                                               10%
                                                      20%
                                                               30%
                                                                     40%
                                                                           50%
                                                                                  60%
                                                                                         70%
                                                                                                80%
                                                                                                      90%
                                                                                                            100%
            Knowledge and technical




                                                25
                                                                                 62
                                                                                                        12
               skill on given task

            Positive attitude towards

                                                                                                           8




                                                      40
                                                                                        49
            sustainable development




Very high
                  English proficiency




                                                 28
                                                                             54
                                                                                                      16
                                                                                                               1




                           Teamwork



                                                          43
                                                                                        42
                                                                                                       12




High
               Ability to interact with
                                                                                                           8




                                                     35
                                                                                      54




              expatriate /international
                                                                                                                                           (Total : 100)




                        team

            Commitments/dedication
                                                                                                            4




                                                          47
                                                                                           47




                 to the work




Medium
                                                                                                        7
                                                                                                        1




                                                     32
                                                                                   57




                       Work efficiency
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Perspective of Employers




                   Work competency
                                                     31
                                                                                  57
                                                                                                        10
                                                                                                                   Figure 11.4 : Rating on Job Performance of AIT Graduates




Low
             Gender awareness and
                                                 26
                                                                            47
                                                                                                      19




                 applications
                                                                                                                                                                              Rating on Job Performance of AIT Graduates
Perspective of Employers
Prospects of AIT Graduate in Job Markets as
Perceived by Employers

Figure 11.5: Prospect of AIT Graduate in Job Markets as
          Percieved by Employers (Total : 100)

                  No answer
                     4%

                                        Very high
                                          17%
     Medium
      15%


                                 High
                                 64%
Perspective of Employers
   Strength and Weakness of AIT Graduates
Strength: ability to work under pressure, to work in
a multicultural environment, capacity to grasp new
issues    quickly,    curiousness       and    creative,
trustworthy, good command in English language,
good attitude, and confidence in assigned
responsibility, having good knowledge and skills,
self-motivated, having related work experience,
research ability, and ability to work in a team.

Weaknesses: low level of leadership quality, lack of
attention to details, lack of management skills, over
smart, over confidence, domineering: too focused
doing it my way, and too fast in responding to
unhappy things.
Perspective of Employers
 Prospects of Supporting AIT and Suggestions

   Figure 11.6: Prospects of Supporting AIT by Employers
                         (Total : 100)
             No answer
                                  For graduate study
               10%
                                         22%




            None
            36%
                                    For training
                                       32%
Perspective of Employers
 Suggestions to AIT

   Dealing with the weak points of students
   Focusing on management of skills
   Identification of the current development needs at regional level
   Improvement in teaching quality
   Placement or internship in relevant organization
   Focusing on technical expertise and sustainable development,
   Recruitment of outstanding students
   In-house management in AIT
   Developing common research programs with companies
   Improving industrial collaboration
   Setting up more professional environment for trainees.
    Perspective of Peers
           Background Information of Peers
   Figure 11.8: Gender of Peers                  Figure 11.9: Academic Qualification of Peers               Figure 11.7: Age of Peers
                                                                 (Total : 106)                                     (Total : 106)
           (Total : 106)
                                                                                 Doctoral (PhD)
                                                     Diploma/Certificate
                                                                                      2%                  > 35 Years                      < 30 Years
         Female           Male                              3%                                               24%                             38%
          44%             56%
                                                                 Bachelor      Master
                                                                   37%          58%

                                                                                                      30 to 35 Years
                                                                                                           38%
     Table 11.2: Nationality of Peers
 Sr.
         Nationality    Frequency   Percent
No.                                             Figure 11.9: Academic Qualification of Peers              Figure 11.10: Interest of Peers to Study in AIT
1        Thai                 35        33.0
                                                                (Total : 106)                                               (Total : 106)
2        Cambodian            19        17.9
3        Vietnamese           12        11.3                                         Doctoral (PhD)
                                                     Diploma/Certificate
4        Nepali                8          7.5                                             2%
                                                            3%
5        Indonesian            5          4.7                                                                            No                   Yes
6        Bhutanese             4          3.8                                                                           58%                   42%
                                                                  Bachelor        Master
7        Filipino              3          2.8
                                                                    37%            58%
8        Indian                3          2.8
9        Laotian               3          2.8
10       Myanmar               3          2.8
11       Sri Lankan            3          2.8
12       Bangladeshi           2          1.9
                                                Job positions: ranging from Teaching
13
14
         American
         Australian
                               1
                               1
                                          0.9
                                          0.9
                                                Assistant to Head of the Department in
15       British               1          0.9   the academic institutions and officer
16       Chinese               1          0.9
17       Malaysian             1          0.9   level to Manager or Director Levels
18
 Total
         Uzbekistani           1
                             106
                                          0.9
                                         100
                                                including Pilot and Nurse.
Perspective of Peers

 Duration of Working Together
  Figure 11.11: Working Duration of Peers with AIT Graduates
                         (Total : 100)


        14%         10%
                                     <3 Months
                            16%      >3 to <6 Months
 18%                                 >6 to <12 Months
                                     >1 to <2 Years
                            16%      >2 to <5 Years
                                     >5 Years
          26%
                                          0%
                                               10%
                                                      20%
                                                               30%
                                                                     40%
                                                                           50%
                                                                                 60%
                                                                                        70%
                                                                                                 80%
                                                                                                       90%
                                                                                                             100%
            Knowledge and technical



                                                                                                             7




                                                      42
                                                                                       56




Very high
               skill on given task

            Positive attitude towards                                                                        8




                                                          49
                                                                                        47
            sustainable development
                                                                                                             9



                  English proficiency




                                                     34
                                                                                 61




High
                                                                                                             9




                           Teamwork

                                                            57
                                                                                            38




               Ability to interact with
                                                                                                             4




              expatriate /international               43
                                                                                       56




                        team

            Commitments/dedication




Medium
                                                                                                             7




                                                            55
                                                                                            41




                 to the work
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Perspective of Peers

                                                                                                             3




                       Work efficiency
                                                      42
                                                                                       59




Low
                                                                                                             6




                   Work competency
                                                      40
                                                                                       57
                                                                                                                    Figure 11.12: Rating of AIT Graduates' Job Performance by Peers




             Gender awareness and
                                                                                                        1




                                                     37
                                                                                 49
                                                                                                        13




                 applications
                                                                                                                                                                                      Rating on Job Performance of AIT Graduates by Peers
 Perspective of Peers
   Strength and Weakness of AIT Graduates as
   Perceived by Peers
Strength:
 Good command in English language
• Good in computing
• Commitments / dedication to the community transformation
• Comprehensive knowledge, positive thinking, reliable and sincere
• Higher research ability, self-confidence, seriousness in work
• Ability to teamwork, communication skills and interactive
• Eager to learn more, straight forward, with positive attitudes, and
• High level of problem solving skills.
Weaknesses:
• Giving little time to family and family matters
• Put high pressure on works and colleagues
• More sensitive, talkative, quick decision taker
• Too emotional, sometimes stubborn, aggressive
• Easy to lose temper, lacks in critical thinking
• Inadequate knowledge on social research
• Lacks in practical experiences, and weak in policy analysis.
Perspective of Peers

    Suggestion to AIT by Peers

 • Course should be interdisciplinary
 • Direct collaboration with regional GOs, and NGOs
 • Enroll students giving priority to needy countries
 • Developing practical field based curriculum
 • Run programs that promote technical aspects and behavior changes
 • International exchange of academic ideas
 • Start internship programs
 • Follow strict rules for selection procedure while allocating full scholarships
 • Strengthen research skills particularly in social field focusing on
 sustainable community development.
  Key Findings and Recommendations
   Trace Studies in AIT
The first tracer study was done in 1971. The periodic tracing of AIT alumni
focuses on updating the alumni directory and gathering certain information
required for the improvement of AIT curriculum, teaching, research,
extension, and networking. As of January, 2009, altogether 14 AIT Alumni
tracer studies have been conducted, including this one.
 RECOMMENDATION

 Regularly in an annual basis individual tracer study by each field of
 study and a comprehensive tracer study by AIT in every five year is
 recommended.

 A partial tracer study of all AIT graduates in view of the potential senior
 graduates’ influential position to assist to their Alma Matter. A two step
 survey will be more appropriate. In the first step a census survey based
 on one page questionnaire for the current contact details and current
 job profile and based on this the second step a sample survey of the
 most representative and potential for the partnerships with AIT is
 recommended.
  Key Findings and Recommendations
    Tracer Study of AIT Graduates (2003 to mid 2008
The target population was 3996 constituted by 62 percent males and 38
percent females. Although these graduates represented 60 countries
more than 53% percent belong to Thailand and Vietnam. The other
countries with large number of target graduates are India, Bangladesh,
Nepal, Myanmar, China, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Sri Lanka, Indonesia,
Pakistan, France, Bhutan, Philippines and Korea. Altogether 1121
submitted the completed questionnaires among them 445 (40%) were
female respondents. The respondent graduates were from 22 countries
and mainly from East Asia and Pacific and South Asia regions. Majority
(59%) of the respondent graduates was from LIC followed by 41 percent
from LMC.

 RECOMMENDATION

 AIT graduates in LIC and in Asia have positive impacts in natural
 resource management, poverty alleviation, gender empowerment,
 energy, environment, infrastructure and communication sector and in
 turn sustainable development. Therefore, AIT should further intensify its
 roles mainly targeting to produce more capable human resources for LIC
 and Asia to meet their educational and development needs.
 Key Findings and Recommendations
  Research Methodology
The research method followed a kind of census survey targeting all the 3996 AIT graduates
(2003 to mid 2008). Out of total respondent graduates, 600 (54%) sent the completed
questionnaires by email as an attachment files, 426 respondents (38%) submitted through
online, and remaining 95 respondents (8%) sent by post or in person to the researcher during
personal interview. The quality of response is better in the questionnaires received from the
personal interview. AIT Alumni National Chapters were mainly constituted by the most senior
ones and there was a gap between seniors and juniors which posed some difficulties in
approaching recent ones through seniors.

RECOMMENDATION
The quality of response found better in personal interview methods. At least 25 percent of the response should
be constituted by the personal interview in futures while doing similar research. The response rate also higher in
countries where visits were made by the researcher. Therefore more number of visits with more time in the fields
will increase response rate and quality of the responses.

The recent contact details would help to get better rate of response and also save the time as well cost of the
research. Therefore, AIT should update contact details regularly.

A substantial proportion (38%) of the respondents AIT graduates submitted questionnaires through online. Most
of them suggested for the easy access to the AIT Website. Therefore, AIT should consider this issue so that this
approach can be used more effectively in futures.

AIT database system has to be improved so that some of the key information such as scholarship types, number
of head counts and degrees (some has got more than two degrees), and current contact details of alumni should
be readily available. Therefore the proposed field of study level tracer study will be helpful in many ways.
  Key Findings and Recommendations
    Relevancies and Effectiveness of AIT Degree
The effectiveness and relevance of AIT degree was viewed as a resource and credential for
employment/job placement upon graduation from AIT. Immediately after graduation from AIT, 95
percent of Thai and 85 percent of Non-Thai respondent graduates chose to remain in or return to
own countries, respectively. A vast majority (85%) of the actual responding graduates reported
that they are employed in various jobs at present and 8 percent were found involved in study
programs for their further academic career advancements. A large majority in both gender (34
percent of males and 30 percent of females) indicated that their jobs were confirmed even before
graduation from AIT. As indicated, AIT studies have been exactly related for a large majority of
them (57%) followed by partly related for 39 percent


RECOMMENDATION

The AIT degree have contributed significantly in getting new jobs
even confirmed before graduation for a substantial proportion of the
respondent AIT graduates. This seems that AIT degree has been
very effective for employment and job placement; however, from the
relevancy point of view AIT should consider to increase the
proportion for “exactly related” as 39 percent of the working AIT
graduates had indicated that the AIT degree is “somewhat/partially”
related.
  Key Findings and Recommendations
   Professional Status and Ranks of the AIT Graduates
 The comparison of professional status and ranks of the AIT graduates was made
 considering the last job before AIT and the current job after graduation from AIT.
 The junior level of position was found predominant for the last job before AIT as 75
 percent males and 80 percent females indicated for the same. However, the middle
 level was found in largest proportion for the current job positions of both gender (73
 percent males and 71 percent females). This clearly indicated that AIT studies have
 significantly contributed in job status/ranks. A large majority (39%) of the AIT
 graduates was receiving salaries in the range of 201 to 500 US$/month for the last
 job before AIT. In contrast, for the current job, majority (33%) respondents indicated
 salaries in the range of 501 to 1000 US$/month. This means the AIT degrees have
 enormous contribution in both job ranks as well salary levels.

RECOMMENDATION

The AIT studies have contributed significantly in getting new jobs with
higher ranks and higher salaries for both male and female AIT graduates.
AIT should develop a network with the better ranked and high salary
receiving graduates soon so that the scope of job market of the AIT
graduates could be further widened. The proposed partial tracer study to
all AIT graduates will be helpful for this matter.
Key Findings and Recommendations
  Relevancy of AIT Courses/Curricula and Research to Current Profession
 The substantial proportion of AIT graduates has got higher and better paid as well as
 international positions. Out of the 963 responding AIT graduates, 72 percent indicated that
 knowledge and skills gained from the course works have been highly and very highly useful.
 Similarly, the knowledge and skills gained from the AIT research, workshops/field visits;
 staying at multicultural / international environment; networking with peers, professors, and
 staff; and by overall program has been reported as highly and very highly useful by 71
 percent, 61 percent, 70 percent, 63 percent, and 73 percent, respectively. Amongst 777
 responded AIT graduates, 222 (29%) reported about their further studies after graduation from
 AIT. The overall scenario of the contribution of the AIT graduates in the scientific, educational
 and professional fields is encouraging, particularly in research and publication, membership in
 the professional organizations, consulting works, participation and paper presentations in the
 international conferences and seminars. The remarkable contributions are visible from the list
 of their contributions in various scientific and educational fields.

RECOMMENDATION

Since majority of the AIT graduates are involved in academic institutions and
contributing a lot in various scientific, educational, and professional field; AIT should
develop a mechanism to get their copies of publications for AIT Library and look at
the different possibilities of research collaboration with them.

Comparing the influential position of jobs before AIT and after AIT, a substantial
proportion has moved to the international / regional organizations which have
enormous contribution to AIT’s mission. AIT should take initiative to foster
partnerships with such graduates.
  Key Findings and Recommendations
     Networking
The target AIT graduates were requested to list professional and social networks including
AITAA. Altogether 243 respondent AIT graduates reported professional and social networks in
which they were involved or affiliated. Only 110 (45%) indicated their affiliation with AITAA and
related organizations. Majority of the respondent AIT graduates (54%) has networks in the
national level followed by global level (27%) and regional level (19%). Ninety-one percent
indicated that their membership type in the professional or social networks is general and 9
percent reported as executive types. The degree of involvement varies among different
members of the social and professional networks. The higher proportion (36%) indicated as
medium level of involvement followed by high level (24%), low level (20%), very high level
(13%) and very low level by 7 percent of the responding AIT graduates.

 RECOMMENDATION

 AIT should take an initiative to strengthen the AITAA National Chapters so that
 all the AIT graduates could get membership and participate in any activities
 related to AIT and AITAA. Only 45 percent indicated their affiliation with AITA
 which indicate that the network of AITAA is not strong. The Association needs to
 do more in strengthening relationship among members so that they can
 perceive its value.

 The National Chapter committee should select /elect at least one AIT graduate
 from each graduation batch as a coordinator of that particular batch for their
 national chapter so that s/he will be responsible to bridge the present gaps
 between senior and junior alumni.
Key Findings and Recommendations
 Gender Awareness and Application
 When the frequencies of major foci of the contributed projects or research studies were
 analyzed, 16 percent of the respondent AIT graduates reported their contribution
 in gender awareness and application. Thus the involvement of AIT graduates in
 gender and development projects and research studies seems very low which is
 obvious due to the fact that a vast majority of them had AIT degrees from other than
 related field of study. The employers and peers of the AIT graduates were requested to
 judge the level of gender awareness and application of the AIT graduates including their
 other aspects of the works. The very high and high levels of ratings was done by the 79
 percent of employers and 84 percent of the peers. It indicates that even if their
 academic degree is not from the related field of study, AIT graduates are aware and
 contributing for gender and development.

RECOMMENDATION

Certainly the gender awareness and application is necessary
for the sustainable and equitable development, it is
recommended that student undergoes some sort of training,
either a course or short training or inclusive of
thesis/dissertation research so that future AIT graduates can
make more contribution on gender and development matters.
Key Findings and Recommendations
  Relevancy and Flexibility of AIT Courses/Research
Majority (55%) of the AIT graduates had an impression that the teaching quality in AIT is
very good followed by good (29%) and excellent (15%). Seventy-percent and 72 percent
indicated as high and very high level of flexibility in choice in masters’ research topic and
doctoral dissertation topic, respectively. Eighty-four percent of employers rated as very
high and high levels of performance on knowledge and technical skills on given task.
Same levels of performances were indicated by 92 percent of the employers on positive
attitude of AIT graduates towards sustainable development. Fifty-five percent considered
as high, 28 percent for medium, 16 percent for very high and 1 percent for low on English
proficiency of the AIT graduates. Eighty-eight percent of the respondent employers
considered very high and high levels of job performance on team work. Ninety-two
percent of the respondent employers found job performance as very high and high on
ability to interact with expatriate. The very high and high levels of ratings was done by 96
percent of responding employers on commitment/dedication to the work, 92 percent
indicated on work efficiency, 90 percent for work competency, and 79 percent on gender
awareness and application. Regarding the prospects of AIT graduates in the job markets,
81 percent of the responding employers considered that there is a high and very high
prospect.

 RECOMMENDATION

 The AIT graduates have shown their concern with the quality of teaching
 and research at AIT and provided valuable suggestions for strengthening
 AIT targeting its future graduates. Their suggestions are related to
 teaching, course, research, management and consulting works which
 have to be well considered by AIT.
  Key Findings and Recommendations
   Development Contribution
   Altogether 289 respondent AIT graduates provided the list of 757 development projects
   / research studies in which they had significantly contributed after graduation from AIT.
   Out of these 289 responding graduates 232 had involved in two projects, 133 had
   contributed for 3 projects, 61 had worked for 4 projects and 42 had even contributed
   significantly for 5 projects after graduation from AIT. The major foci of the contributed
   projects or research studies were found to environment as indicated by 66 percent
   of the respondent graduates followed by infrastructure / transport /
   communication (59%), natural resource management (38%), policy analysis
   (37%), economics / marketing / management (34%), poverty alleviation (34%),
   energy (32%), capacity development (25%), agriculture / rural development
   (18%), gender awareness and application (16%), and human rights / peace
   building and health including HIV/AIDS (3%). The respondent AIT graduates were
   also inquired for their types of contribution to projects or research studies in terms of
   design, implementation, supervision, and monitoring and evaluation. Multiple
   responses were received since same person could contribute in only one type or more
   than one types. The highest proportion of them (88%) was found for project
   implementation followed by project design (77%), and 56 and 54 percent for project
   supervision and monitoring and evaluation, respectively.
RECOMMENDATION
Although, one can not deny the high demand and importance of environment,
information technology, infrastructure development, and business management; at
the same time, more focus on poverty alleviation, agricultural/rural development,
gender awareness and application is to be given. To fulfill this gap, it is
recommended to lunch a strong integrated and interdisciplinary program by AIT.
Tracer Study of AIT Graduates with
Norwegian Scholarship

The population of this tracer study constituted by the
entire AIT graduates between 2005 and mid-2008,
which total 82 (M : F = 29 : 53). These graduates are
from 9 countries, namely, Bangladesh, Bhutan,
Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri
Lanka, and Vietnam. Considering a census survey, this
study aimed at getting completed questionnaires from
all. However, slightly more than 80 percent of the target
respondents returned their completed questionnaire
              Figure 3.3: Target and Respondent Graduates by
                                   Gender

            100                                      82
             80                                            66
                                     53
   Number




             60                           43
            40      29   23
            20
             0
                      Male           Female            Total
Tracer Study of AIT Graduates with
Norwegian Scholarship
                                    Graduates
Region       Country
                          Total   Respondents   Percent
             Bangladesh    15         10            67
             Bhutan        5          2             40
             Nepal         22         20            91
South Asia
             Pakistan      1          0              0
             Sri Lanka     10         7             70
             Subtotal      53         39            74
             Cambodia      6          4             67
             Lao PDR       2          2            100
South-east
Asia         Myanmar       1          1            100
             Vietnam       20         20           100
             Subtotal      29         27            93
Total        Total         82         66            80
Tracer Study of AIT Graduates with
Norwegian Scholarship
      Figure 4.6: Main Employer Type before AIT
                      (Total : 55)

   Non-governmental                            Regional / local
     organization                               government
         7%                                         4%



    Private sector
         11%                                                Academic / reserch
                                                               insttitutions
                                                                   40%
   International / regional
         organization
             11%
                                      Central government
                                              27%



  Figure 7.6: Employer Type for the Current Job Position
                        (Total : 54)

                                            Central government
          Academic / research                       22%
              institutions
                 35%
                                                      International / regional
                                                            organization
                                                                13%
            Other (Consultant)
                   4%
                                                           Regional / local
                                                            government
                     Private sector                             4%
                           7%           Non-governmental
                                          organization
                                              15%
   Tracer Study of AIT Graduates with
   Norwegian Scholarship
   Salary of the job before AIT
      Salary Range (US$/Month)    Frequency   Percent
      < 100                           8         15
      100 to 200                     24         44
unction at Work before AIT
      201 to 500                     17         31
      501 to 1000                     4          7
      1001 to 2000                    1          2
      Total                          54        100


    Salary of Current Job

    Salary Range (US$/Month)      Frequency   Percent
    < 100                              2          4
    100 to 200                        10         21
    201 to 500                        16         33
    501 to 1000                       13         27
    1001 to 2000                       6         13
    2001 to 3000                       1          2
    Total                             48        100
Feedbacks on Teaching in AIT
   Figure 6.1: Rating on Teaching Quality of AIT
                    (Total : 66)

                           Excellent
                             15%
                Good
                32%




                           Very good
                             53%
Feedback on Thesis Research in
AIT
                   Figure 6.2: Satisfaction Level in Masters' Thesis Research Work


   100%        0               1                 0               2
               5                                                                  3            3
                                                 8                                             4
    90%                        9
                                                                 12               8
               9
    80%                                          9
                                                                                               19
    70%                       17
                                                                                  22
    60%       23                                                 22
                                                21
    50%

    40%                       26                                                               26
    30%                                                          18               21

    20%       28                                27

    10%                       12                                                               11
                                                                 10               8
    0%
           Research         Comitte        Flexibility of   Reseach fund    Help received Help received
          supervisor's     members'       choice in topic    availability   from seniors from own batch
          contribution    contribution      selection                                        mates

           Very high               High              Medium                 Low           Very low
Rating on AIT Services
Whereabouts of AIT Graduate
Returnee and Non-returnee Respondents by Country
Career Decision
Figure 7.2: Career Decision Immediately
        after Graduation from AIT
                (Total : 66)
                                                        Re joine d
                                                        Pre vious
           Got the                                        Job
          Ne w Job                                        30%
            44%


                                                 Gone for
                                                  Furthe r
                                                  Study
                                                   26%

        Table 7.2: Duration for the First Job after Graduation
Duration                                    Gender            Total
                                     Male         Female
Confirmed before Graduation          3 (50.0)       7 (30.4  10 (34.5)
< 1Month                             1 (16.7)      4 (17.4)    5 (17.2)
1 to < 3Months                      1 (16.77)      7 (30.4)    8 (27.6)
3 to < 6Months                       1 (16.7)      3 (13.0)    4 (13.8)
> 6Months to 1Year                     0 (0.0)      1 (4.3)     1 (3.4)
> 1Year                                0 (0.0)      1 (4.3)     1 (3.4)
 Total                              6 (100.0) 23 (100.0) 29 (100.0)
    Pearson Chi-Square Value = 1.424 and Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) = 0.922
Job Position

 Figure 7.3: Current Job Position of AIT Graduates
                     (Total : 51)

                           Senior Management
 Junior Professional               4%
         27%                             Middle Management
                                                 28%




   Middle Professional                   Junior Management
          25%                                    16%



  38 percent of the AIT graduates had middle level of job
  positions for the last job before coming, which increased to
  67 percent for the same level of position in case of the
  current job
Usefulness of AIT Studies in
Current Job
          Figure 8.1: Usefulness of AIT Studies in Current Job
                              (Total : 61)
   100%

   90%

   80%

   70%

   60%

   50%

   40%

   30%

   20%

   10%

    0%
                                                         Internationality
             Course




                                                                                       Program
                       Research




                                                                            Networks
                                         Workshops /




                                                                                        Overall
                                          Field Visits


                                                           Multicultural
                                                            Learning /




                              Sources of Knowledge/Skills

      Very high                   High                      Medium                     Low
Overall Benefit Gained from the
AIT Studies
          Figure 8.2: Level of Benefits Gained from AIT Studies (Total : 65)
   100%

   90%

   80%

   70%

   60%

   50%

   40%

   30%

   20%

   10%

    0%




                                                                                                                Higher mobility
           practical skills




                                                                Gaining self-




                                                                                                 Promotion in
                                               Gaining higher




                                                                                Gaining higher
                              Theoretical




                                                                                                 the same job
                              knowledge




                                                                                                                across the job
                                                                confidence
             Technical /




                                                recognition
                                                  status /




                                                                                   income




          Very high                         High        Medium        Low
                                                     Aspects of Benefits                            Very low
Impact of AIT Studies in
Scientific and Educational Fields
                             Figure 8.3: Scientific and Educational Pursuits

                          Aw ards/recognition received         21        20    9


                                       Books published         14 8 11


                           Research reports produced                     63                      21          56


                              Journal articles published            39         15                37


              Membership in prof essional organizations        21    12            33


                           Consultancy w orks ongoing          20    14            30


                        Consultancy w orks completed           20    6        31

       International seminars /w orkshops/conf erences
                                                                    45                      38                    75
                          participated

Papers presented in international seminars/conf erences        20    13            36


  Papers presented in national seminars / conf erences               54                 4         41


                                                           0        20        40        60        80   100    120      140   160   180
                                                                                                  Number
      Before AIT         During AIT          After AIT
                                                Re
                                                   ne
                                                     w               Po
                                                          ab              ve
                                                            le                rty
                                                              an
                                                                 d                al
                                                                                     le




                                                                                                           20%
                                                                                                                 40%
                                                                                                                       60%
                                                                                                                             80%
                                                                                                                                   100%




                                                                                                      0%
                                                                    su                   via
                                                                         st
                                                                            ai               tio
                                                                               na                n
                                                                                  bl
                                     Ra             Na                               e
                                        isi                                             en
                                            ng         tu                                   er
                                                          ra                                   gy
                                               ge            lr                En
                                                  nd            es                 vir




Very high
                                                    er             ou                  on
                                                                        rc                 m
                                                       aw                  e
                                                            ar                m               en
                                                                                                  t
                                                               en                an
                                                                  es                ag
                                                                      s                  em
                                                                          an                  en
                                                                               d                  t




High
                                                 Hu                              ap
                                                    m                                pl
                                                                                        ic
                                                     an                                    at
                                                           rig                                io
                                                              ht                                 n
                                                                 s                 HI
                                                                    an                V/
                                                                         d                AI
                                                                           pe                DS
                                                                                                                                                               (Total : 53)




                                                            Ag                  ac
                                                                ric                e




Medium
                                                                    ul                bu
                                                                       tu                 ild
                                                                          re                  in
                                                              In               de               g
                                                                 fo               ve
                                     Bu                             rm               lo
                                         sin                             at              pm
                                             es         In                  io                en




Low
                                                                               n




            Development Activities
                                               s            fra                                   t
                                                 m             st                te
                                                   an             ru                ch
                                                      ag             ct                no
                                                                         ur                 lo
                                                         em                 e                  gy
                                                              en               de
                                                                  t/              ve
                                                                                      lo
                                                                                                                                          Figure 9.1: Development Contribution by AIT Graduates




                                                                     En                  pm
                                                                           tre                 en
                                                                                                  t
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Development Activities




                                                                               pr




Very low
                                                                                  en
                                                                                      eu
                                                                                          rs
                                                                                             hi
                                                                                                p
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Involvement of AIT Graduates in
Significantly Contributed
Development Projects / Research
Studies
Project Focus                      Frequency   Percent
Natural resource management            17        22.1
Environment                            13        16.9
Poverty alleviation                    11        14.3
Capacity development                    7         9.1
Economics and marketing                 7         9.1
Gender awareness and application        7         9.1
Energy                                  5         6.5
Policy analysis                         4         5.2
Agriculture                             3         3.9
Infrastructure and transport            2         2.6
HIV / AIDS                              1         1.3
                  Total                77       100.0
Significantly Contributed
Development Projects / Research
Studies
                      Figure 9.2: Type of Contribution in Projects
                                      (Total : 58)



          100
Percent




          50           75             66              64             60

           0
                Implementation   Supervison    Monitoring and    Design
                                                evaluation

                                  Contribution Type
Involvement of AIT Graduates in
Professional and Social
Networks                                          Figure 9.4: Membership Types
                                                             (Total : 64)
    Figure 9.3: Type of Network
                                             Executive
             (Total : 42)
                                               19%
                   Global
Regional
                    5%
 19%

                                                                   General
                            National                                81%
                             76%
                                       Figure 9.5: Degree of Involvement
                                                   (Total : 64)
                                             Very high      Very low
                                                9%            6%
                                                                       Low
                                                                       15%


                                           High
                                           42%

                                                                       Medium
                                                                        28%
  Partnership to Support AIT
Partnership / Support                        Yes               No                Missing
                                     Frequency Percent Frequency Percent Frequency Percent
Providing scholarships                  2          3.0    38        57.6    26             39.4
Providing research funds                5          7.6    36        54.5    25             37.9
Providing training participants         3          4.5    38        57.6    25             37.9
and funds
Facilitating student internship         13         19.7   29        43.9    24             36.4
/exchange program
Facilitating job placement for AIT      7          10.6   34        51.5    25             37.9
graduates
Initiating collaborative research       15         22.7   25        37.9    26             39.4
and academic programs with AIT
Suggestions for Strengthening
AIT Targeting its Future
Graduates
                    Figure 10.1: Strengthening AIT by Targeting Future Graduates

          90         82
          80                             73
          70
          60
Percent




          50
          40
          30
          20                                                15
                                                                                 9                  8
          10
           0
               Teaching quality   Practical application Content & coverage Add new courses   Other suggestions
                                  for problem solving       of courses
                                          skills
                                                       Suggestions
Contribution to AIT Mission:
Concluding Remarks
The overall findings based on the empirical evidences of this
trace study provide a valid and solid ground that AIT has
been producing highly qualified and committed professionals
required to play leading roles in the region's sustainable
development and its integration into the global economy. In
other words, it was found very high to high level of relevancy
and effectiveness of AIT course/curricula, research, and
academic degrees to fulfill the AIT mission at large. The very
high and high levels of work efficiency and competency of
the AIT graduates as indicated by their employers as
immediate supervisors and peers also provide an additional
validation on this matter. The periodic tracer study of AIT
graduates and due consideration of the suggestions made
by the respondent AIT graduates, their employer and peers
would further help AIT and its mission.
THANK YOU
        VERY
            MUCH

								
To top