What is Acne? Acne is a common skin condition affecting adults and teens resulting in
black heads, white heads, pimples, and sometimes cysts. Typically, acne affects
individuals during their teen years, with boys slightly more prone to breakout than girls.
Adult acne in women and men is a relatively common occurrence, and is the result of the
same hormonal interaction that causes adolescent acne. The chin and jaw line are
common areas of breakout especially for women. Women are also more prone to stress
related breakouts. Adult men on the other hand are more likely than teenagers to have
acne that are resistant to treatment. Acne in adult women that are triggered by hormones
may be linked to the adrenal glands and ovaries which secrete excess androgens (male
hormone). Menopause is another factor why women who have never suffered from acne
may suddenly have acne like eruptions on their skin in their later years of life.
Adult acne can range from a few annoying blemishes now and then to regular breakouts
consisting of numerous large pimples, pustules and cysts on areas of the face, back and
chest. Acne occurs in the skin where there is an over production of oil by the oil glands.
The oil glands then become overactive and pores get enlarge and clogged. Dead cells
build up on the skin due to the skin inability to shed these cells causing further blockage.
Thus resulting in white and black heads formation the first stages of acne. These can be
very obvious on the skin and may prompt the individual to seek some form of skin care.
This may be consulting a dermatologist, a skin care specialist or purchasing over the
counter products. White heads are enclosed swelling of the oil glands with dead cell
build up on the surface of the skin, which prevents their exposure to the atmosphere and
thus they remain white. Black heads occurs in the same way but exfoliating the skin
removes dead cell buildup exposing the uppermost part of the white head which when
comes in contact with the atmosphere oxidizes and becomes black and thus is called a
black head. Simple cleansing the skin will not get rid of white and black heads. When
bacteria, oil and dead cells are trapped in the oil gland it can swell and eventually burst
creating a painful tender inflamed area that we call pimples. When the area is infected
white blood cells are released to aid healing. When these white cells mix with the oil,
dead cells and bacteria a white tipped pustule is formed which most of us are tempted to
pick at or squeeze, although we are reminded not to. Black skin scars easily therefore
picking and squeezing can cause the spread of bacteria and long term scarring. Why
many of us are plagued with acne while others have clear skin with little or no effort?
The reasons are many but the three most fundamental cause of acne are as follows:
Hereditary: Although there are still no define genetic acne trait, teenagers whose
parents had severe acne is more likely to suffer from this condition, and so are their
Environmental: Stress can play a major role in acne prone women.
Stress triggers a hormonal response that stimulates the oil glands in the skin and can lead
to major breakouts.
Hormones: Once a young girl starts to develop breast and pubic hair she begins to
rapidly produce androgens one of the sex hormones. This increase production of
androgen over stimulates the oil glands in the skin that leads to acne formation.
Hormonal changes that occurs during puberty explains why acne is more common during
the teenage years when the hormones are running rampant. Hormonal change that
stimulates the oil glands also occurs approximately 10 to 14 days before menstrual
bleeding. At this period in time individuals can become moody and tense and are prone
to hormone- stimulated breakout
Dietary: There is no proof that diet plays a role in aggravating the acne condition.
However it is safe to refrain from fried foods, caffeine, and dairy products if you suffer
from acne. A healthy diet of fruits, vegetables, fish, chicken broiled or grilled could aid
in a speedier cessation of your acne.
HOW TO TREAT BREAKOUTS
If you suffer from acne there is no need for you to hide from your friends during
breakouts but it is important that you take special care of your skin during this time and
always. If you have mild to severe acne the first thing you should do is consult a skin
specialist or Dermatologist in your area. Be sure the skin care specialist or doctor you
choose has experience treating black skin. If a dermatologist is your choice he or she will
generally prescribe an oral or topical antibiotic to kill the bacteria responsible for the
inflammation. Antibiotic like Tetracycline is generally prescribed by the Dermatologist
but if you are pregnant it is very important to let your doctor know. Pregnant mothers
should not take Tetracycline and the drug can also cause skin sensitivity. Clindamycin
and Erytromycin can also be given for topical application, but beware that these
antibiotics works on active lesions only and do not prevent further breakouts.
Dermatologist sometimes prescribed Acutane for severe acne due to the fact that it shuts
down the oil- producing glands in the body. As a result all who take this drug suffers
from severely dry peeling skin, chapped lips, hair loss and severe sun sensitivity. Be
aware that although this drug has some effect on the treatment of severe acne it is
extremely toxic and must be taken with caution. It can cause birth defects and should
never be prescribe to women who are pregnant or considering having children. It is also
reported to cause severe depression in teenagers resulting in suicide. A study published
in Cosmetic Dermatology, November/December 1989, states that of 154 pregnancies in
which Acutane exposure occurred, 95 ended in elective abortions, and 12 ended in
spontaneous abortions. Infants that was carried to term there was a characteristic and
easily recognizable pattern of malformations involving the cranio-facial area, the heart
and or thymus, in almost half the infants.
There are many different treatments for acne given by skin care specialist and treatment
selection will be based on the type of acne, skin care history, and lifestyle. One very
effective treatment in the skin care clinic and also at Dermatologist clinic is glycolic acid
a family of the (AHA) alphahydroxy acids. This acid is derived from sugar cane and has
the smallest molecular structure of all the other AHA’s. This allows the effective
penetration into skin uppermost layers of the skin to effectively heal and prevent acne.
When applied to the skin it sloughs off dead skin cells and un-plug clogged pores. A
higher strength is generally selected for use in the clinic while a lower strength is given
for home care. This treatment is generally highly effective on black skin and produces
Acne affects 9 out of every 10 adolescence. This occurs in varying degrees and for some
acne never goes away. It sometimes leaves its mark in the form of acne pit scars, hyper-
pigmentation (darkening of the skin) that frequently occurs on black skin due to its
sensitivity and tendency to scar. Acne can resurface in our twenties, thirties and even
middle to later years. Acne is not life threatening but can have significant psychological
effect on the individual. Individuals with acne can become insecure, depress, and display
low self -esteem. It is very important when taking a course of treatment to follow a diet
high in water intake, and avoid fried foods, alcohol and caffeine. When purchasing
products for your skin care at home look for products with high water content and
products that are plant based and hypoallergenic (less likely to cause a reaction).
NEW SPA TREATMENT & LIMITED TIME OFFER
If you or someone you know is battling moderate to severe acne please give me a call. I
am offering the first 10 individual that call 50% off their acne treatment. This is an
excellent treatment that will rid you of your acne in 3 months or under if instructions are
adhered to. This treatment uses a blue light and special acne treatment products and or
procedure depending on the severity of the problem.
Please email firstname.lastname@example.org or call 416-964-2505 for an appointment.