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MALAYSIA QUALIFICATION AGENCY _MQA_

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MALAYSIA QUALIFICATION AGENCY _MQA_ Powered By Docstoc
					    Maintaining Quality Teaching
     in a Research University:
The Case of Universiti Putra Malaysia
        Aida Suraya Md. Yunus
                                                      Introduction
UPM announced as research university (RU) on
October 11, 2006.
                                                     Enhance graduate
                                                     education & research

Research focused          Competitive                Generate high impact
study programmes         student intake              research
                                                     publications
       Privileges of Research
              University                   Mission   Attract and graduate
                                                     students of high standards
Quality lecturers   50:50 undergraduates
                         & graduates                 Attract best brains for
                                                     teaching & research
                                                Introduction
Teaching
                overemphasis

                                   pressure        academic
                   Research
                                                     staff




 Include teaching & learning               Shifted focus to research
   as a specific trust in its   solution   & publication
        strategic plan.                    Negative impact on
                                           teaching
                                         Introduction
Malaysia Higher Education Master Plans (2007-2020)
One of the strategic trusts - Improving the quality of
teaching and learning

Malaysia Quality Assurance
1. Institution responsible to set the distribution for
   teaching, research & service for their academic
   staff.
2. Promote analytical thinking, problem solving,
   effective communication, use of computer and
   digital technology and lifelong learning through
   teaching.
                              Ensuring Teaching Quality:
                                         UPM Initiatives

   Quality of
   teaching                                                      Employability
                                    Quality
Competitiveness                        of                        Marketability
                   Closely related             Measured by
of students upon                   graduates
    enrolment                                                Employer’s perception

  Curriculum
                                  Ensuring Teaching Quality:
                                             UPM Initiatives
        ISO Certification                  Teaching Foundation Course
              for Teaching                             for New Lecturers

  Periodic Review
      for Curriculum
                                          UPM              Technology Tool
                                                            Learning management
Implementation of OBE
                                       Initiatives                 system
 for all Academic Programmes

                                             Awards and Certification
 Policy and Strategic Plan                           for Excellent Teaching
      for Teaching and Learning

         Industry-University                    Skill Upgrading and
            Partnership                        Knowledge Enrichment
           Internship, guest lecture            Minimum 6 days participation/year
                                                    ISO Certification
                                                        for Teaching


                                                        ISO Certification
Deans, Deputy     Monitor     ISO Certified    Assures that courses
Deans & Head      & take        Faculties       are well managed
of Departments   corrective
                  actions                Keeping
                                         adequate
                                         records


                               Records of
                                Teaching

* All faculties in UPM have already received ISO
  Certification for teaching.
                                                  Periodic Review
                                                    of Curriculum
Every five years or upon completion of 1 cycle of
implementation.                   Senate

                                         University Curriculum




                                                                 Process of curriculum
                                                                                         development/review
                                              Committee
    External assessors
                                         University Curriculum
                                            Sub-committee
     Market surveys
                          Feedback
                                               Faculty
      Stakeholders             on
                           relevancy
                                         Faculty’s curriculum
                         of curriculum
                                             committee

                                             Department
                                    Implementation of OBE for
                   Learning          all Academic Programmes
                 Taxonomies
                  (Cognitive,
                   Affective,                      Assessment
                 Psychomotor)

                                                   Achievement
                                                   of learning
Soft Skills                       Program,         outcomes
* Communication                    Course
* Critical Thinking &               and            Gained
  Problem Solving                  Lesson          competencies
* Leadership                      Outcomes         in the specified
* Lifelong Learning &                              soft skills
  Information Management
* Moral & Professional
  Ethics
* Team work
                                * UPM adopt OBE since 2006.
* Entrepreneurship
                                 Policy & Strategic Plan
1. Policy

    Policy drafted by Deans/
    Deputy Deans (Academic)

    Requirements of curriculum       Approval by
    design & review
                                     University’s
    Curriculum implementation    Teaching & Learning
    Assessment                       Committee
    Resources
    Teaching load required of
    academic staff


2. Formulation of Strategic Plan for T&L where action plans &
   targets are determined.
                                       Awards & Certificates

Certificate for lecturers who rated 4.5 out of 5 based on
students’ assessment of teaching.

University Teaching Awards

 Candidates
                               Finalists                 Winners
Nominated by   Evaluation of               Interview &
  Faculties     Teaching                   Teaching
                Portfolio &                Simulation
                 Teaching

Winners nominated for Vice Chancellor Fellowship Awards
for Teaching & chosen as candidates for National
Academic Award for Teaching.
                      Teaching Foundation Course
                                for New Lecturers
Series of courses include:
Learning Outcomes
Understanding learners
Student Centered Learning (SCL)
* Problem-Based Learning
* Case Study
* Modular Approach
Curriculum Design

Competency Course includes micro teaching exercise
                                  Skill Upgrading &
                              Knowledge Enrichment

All staff are required to participate in workshops,
courses or seminars for at least 7 days/year.

Financial support for sabbatical leave, workshop,
courses or seminar participation and attachments.
                                           Industry-University
                                                  Partnership



 Officers    conduct             provide
 from the                                       Knowledge
                       Courses
industries                                   on the Application




                         Internship
                               Technology Tool to
                          Enhance teaching Quality


Use of one Learning Management System (LMS)

Online learning help instructors reach out to students
& enhance communication between users.

Allows discussion, sharing of student’s works,
presentation, downloading of reading materials and
can-be-self-read content.
         Issues &Concerns Related to
                  Quality of Teaching

Motivation
Annual Appraisal
Teaching Load
Support System for Teaching
Monitoring of Teaching
                                            Motivation

Crucial challenge for RU to maintain quality teaching
& high impact research outputs.

Must provide extrinsic motivation.

Include teaching as one of the elements in annual
assessment and application for promotion.
                                          Annual Appraisal


Teaching
awards given     Teaching                  Publication
to a few who                               incentives given to
shows enhanced                 Research    staff whose
standard in                                publications
Teaching.                                  exceeded
                        Unbalanced         the benchmark.
                         Reward
                          System
                                       Teaching Load

Heavy teaching load (more than 2 courses) even for
those with administrative responsibilities.

Unequal teaching distribution across areas of
discipline.

RU must allow lesser teaching load for staff to excel
in research and publication.
                              Support System for Teaching
Infrastructure
* Appropriate classroom size
* Technology in lecture room
* Types of classroom setups for
  different teaching methods


                                  Support
                                  System


                                            Trained manpower in
                                            handling technology
                                            and material design
                                            Monitoring of Teaching
                            Difficulty in monitoring
                               Teaching Quality




   Must rely on valid &                                 Daunting task
         reliable
      instrument                                       * Heavy load of
                                                         man hours required
* Ensure quality teaching                                to monitor teaching
  takes place
                                                       • Require personnel
* As basis for Dean or                                   with skill and
  Head of Department                                     knowledge
  to give appropriate reward                             of subject matter
                                             Conclusion
Good instrument to measure teaching excellence still
lacking.

Quality of graduates measured using percentage of
graduates employed is still unreliable as an indicator of
good teaching.

Quality of academic staff       Quality of higher education
                                         Conclusion


University should
- ensure conducive working environment
- provide incentives & promotions
- keep the ratio of lecturers & students at acceptable
  level
- constantly monitor work load
- give allowances such as conference participation,
  sabbatical leave, research grants & time off to
  participate in industrial attachment
Thank You

				
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