ASEAN Presentation by lanyuehua

VIEWS: 20 PAGES: 31

									    UNEP RRC.AP
   CAN Workshop/
Fifth Annual Meeting


    Dr Raman Letchumanan
   Head of Environment Unit,
       ASEAN Secretariat
 ASEAN FACTS and Figures
          (Development)
National Income Levels
Low            Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar
               and Viet Nam
Lower middle   Indonesia, Philippines and
               Thailand
Upper middle   Malaysia
High           Brunei Darussalam, Singapore

GDP Per Capita (Nominal) (2000)
                    US$ 141- $23,071

Combined GDP        US$ 700 billion

Population          522 million
   KEY FACTS AND FIGURES
          (ENVIRONMENT)
Three mega biodiversity countries in the
region – Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
ASEAN coral reefs – 25-30% of world total
Forest Cover – over 48% (world: < 30%)
Mangrove forests – 35% of world total
Renewable Water Resource – 15% of world
total
Wetlands – 17 sites of global significance
(547,591 ha)
Protected Areas – Terrestrial: 1,014 sites
(418,000 sq km, 9.5% of total land area);
Marine: 94 sites (23,260 sq km)
     KEY FACTS AND FIGURES
           (ENVIRONMENT)…
However,

  Forest Loss in ASEAN

1970-1990        15,720 sq km/year
1990-2000         23,260 sq km/year

  Deforestation Rate, 1990-2000

ASEAN             1.04% per year
World             0.23% per year
Asia overall    < 0.1% per year
   Participation in Multilateral
Environmental Agreements (MEAs)
(r = ratified; s = signed)              ASEAN   Asia/Pacific

   Vienna Convention (ozone) (r)        90%       82%
   Montreal Protocol (ozone) (r)        100%      -
   UNFCCC (climate change) (r)          100%      90+%
   Kyoto Protocol (climate
      change) (r)                        60%       -
   Basel Convention
   (hazardous waste) (r)                70%       53%
   Stockholm Convention (POPs) (s)      50%       -
   Rotterdam Convention (PIC) (s)       20%       -
   Convention on Biological
      Diversity (r)                      90%       90%
   Cartagena Protocol on
      Biosafety (s)                      60%       -
   CITES (flora and fauna trade) (r)    90%       62%
   RAMSAR (wetlands) (r)                60%       45%
      ASEAN Vision 2020

     “ … a clean and green ASEAN
             with fully established
       mechanisms for sustainable
       development to ensure the
         protection of the region’s
  environment, the sustainability
  of its natural resources and the
high quality of life of its peoples”
   Bali Concord II (2003)


ASEAN Community (2020)

   ASEAN Security Community
   ASEAN Economic Community
   ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community
        Vientiane Action
  Programme (2004-2010)
Theme: Towards shared prosperity
and destiny in an integrated,
peaceful and caring ASEAN
community

ASEAN Security Community
Theme: Enhancing peace, stability,
democracy and prosperity through
comprehensive political and security
cooperation.
        Vientiane Action
  Programme (2004-2010)
ASEAN Economic Community
Theme: Enhancing competitiveness for
economic growth and development
through closer economic integration

ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community
Theme: Nurturing human, cultural and
natural resources for sustained
development in a harmonious and
people-centered ASEAN
ASEAN Institutional Framework
for Environmental Cooperation

    ASEAN Summit
 (ASEAN Heads of State/
      Government


   ASEAN Ministerial             ASEAN Environment            Secretary General
    Meeting (AMM)                 Ministers Meeting               of ASEAN
 (ASEAN Foreign Ministers)      (AMME, IAMME, AMMH)



    ASEAN Standing              ASEAN Senior Officials
    Committee (ASC)                On Environment
                                      (ASOEN)                 ASEAN Secretariat
                                                              (Bureau of Functional
                                                                  Cooperation)




  Working Group on Nature       Working Group on Coastal   Working Group on Multilateral
Conservation and Biodiversity    and Marine Environment     Environmental Agreements
        (AWGNCB)                       (AWGCME)                    (AWGMEA)



    Working Group on                                         Working Group on Water
                                     Haze Technical          Resources Management
Environmentally Sustainable
                                    Task Force (HTTF)              (AWGWRM)
         Cities
         PRIORITY AREAS FOR                     LEAD          SUBSIDIARY
        REGIONAL COOPERATION                   COUNTRY       BODY OF ASOEN
Global environmental issues
                                               Singapore        AWGMEA
(focus on MEAs)

Land and forest fires and transboundary haze
                                               Indonesia         HTTF
pollution

Coastal and marine environment                  Viet Nam        AWGCME
Sustainable forest management
                                               Philippines      AWGNCB
Sustainable management of protected areas

Freshwater resources                            Thailand        AWGWRM
Urban environmental management and
                                               Singapore        AWGESC
governance

Promotion of environmentally sound
                                                Malaysia
technologies and cleaner production

Public awareness and environmental
                                               Myanmar
education

Sustainable development monitoring and
                                                Viet Nam
reporting, database harmonisation
ASEAN’s Role


Legislative, institutional and
  policy framework
Coordination
Sustainability
Multilateral Environ-
mental Agreements
AWGMEA (1998)
Promote common understanding/position
   on negotiation issues at MEA fora
Promote cooperation on the regional
   implementation of MEAs
Promote capacity building for the
   implementation of MEAs
Multilateral Environ-
mental Agreements
(lead countries)
Montreal Protocol – Thailand
UNFCC and Kyoto Protocol – Malaysia
Rotterdam Convention – Singapore
Basel Convention – Indonesia
Stockholm Convention – Singapore
Biodiversity related Conventions -
   Philippines
Multilateral Environmental
Agreements
(key activities)
ASEAN Case study on Synergies and Inter-
   linkages on MEAs
Capacity building for negotiation and
   implementation of MEAs
ASEAN UNEP Workshop for the Effective
   Implementation of Chemicals and Wastes
   Conventions (2001)
Integrated Capacity Building in ASEAN on MEAs
    (2003)
National Capacity Self Assessments (UNDP)
Capacity Building for participation in CDM
Multilateral Environ-
mental Agreements
(key activities)
ASEAN Working Group on National Conservation
   and Biodiversity (AWGNCB) – Biodiversity
   Related Conventions
ASEAN Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation
    (ARCBC) – ASEAN Center for Biodiversity (ACB)
ASEAN Framework Agreement on Access and Benefit
    Sharing
Declaration on ASEAN Heritage Parks
Capacity Building for the Cartegena Protocol on
    Biodiversity
Biodiversity Information Systems
Urban Environmental
Governance
ASEAN Working Group on Environmentally
   Sustainable Cities (AWGESC)
Singapore chairs the AWGESC
AWGESC to drive urban environmental
   management and governance in ASEAN cities
Ministers adopted the Framework for
    Environmentally Sustainable Cities (ESC) in
    ASEAN
Urban Environmental
Governance
(Framework for ESC in ASEAN)

A regional perspective addressing environmental
    sustainablity challenges – clean air, clean
    water, clean land
Basic building blocks to achieving a quality living
    environment in cities
Comprehensive objectives, strategies and
   programs/activities
Implementation approaches – best practices
Basis to promote partnership amongst 3P
    (public, private and people) sectors, and
    international agencies.
Urban Environmental
Governance
(Operationallization of Framework)

2 phased approach
Phase 1 – Best Practices
    Compilation of Best Practices
    Identification of Gaps

Phase II: Capacity Building
    Thematic workshops and training
    Development of performance indicators
Urban Environmental
Governance
(Operationallization of Framework)

Phase 1 – Best Practices
3-day conference on ESC for city managers (Oct
    2004)
Objectives:
    Provide city officials in-depth understanding of the
        Framework
    Share best practices on Clean Air, Clean Water and Clean
        Land
    Cluster cities with similar priorities and capacity
        development needs
    Facilitate collaboration between cities and international
        organizations
Urban Environmental
Governance
(Operationallization of Framework)

Phase II – Capacity Building
Organize series of workshops and training
   courses in each thematic area
Objectives:
     Provide technical assistance to city officials to
        implement the Framework and incorporate
        relevant best practices to address their
        respective areas of concern
     Develop performance/quantitative indicators for
        environmental sustainability
Comprehensive Regional
Early Warning Systems

 Sub regional workshop, September
 2003:
  review the current status of early
  warning systems in each country
  identify problems and needs
Objective

Development of a
comprehensive regional
                          Group on GIS Database
early warning system to
support the successful
implementation of ASEAN
Agreement on
Transboundary Haze
Pollution
                          Group on Early Warning
Proposed Activities
 Advance the development and operationalization of
 regional Fire Danger Rating System
 Utilize/ optimize use of hotspot data
 Develop comprehensive and adequate air quality
 data in fire-prone areas
 Calibrate existing haze dispersion model
 Improve climate outlook dissemination
 Develop and update risk maps
 Harmonize terminology
 Develop better accuracy and higher resolution GIS
 database
State of the Environment
Reporting and Database
Harmonization



   First State of the Environment Report (SOER1)
   published in 1997
   SOER2 published in 2000
   ASEAN Report to the WSSD published in 2002
   Publication of SOER-3 in 2005
Database Harmonization

 Hanoi Plan of Action objective:
 harmonization of environmental
 databases of ASEAN member
 countries
 Both at national and regional level to
 support environmental analysis,
 monitoring and forecasting of issues for
 use in the state of the environment
 reporting and assessment
Database Harmonization –
Immediate Objectives

   strengthen national capacity to effectively
   compile with the regional standards for
   environmental database harmonization
   develop and operate the ASEAN Meta-database
   system for data management and dissemination
   utilize the harmonized quantitative data for
   periodic assessment and publication of the state
   of the environment in ASEAN
   Utilize the harmonized database for decision
   making at national and regional level
Database Harmonization –
Activities

   Capacity building
     National & regional institutional setup
     National & regional workshops
   Data collection and management
     Development of the standard format for
     database harmonization
     Development of Meta-database
Database Harmonization –
Activities



   Data dissemination & reporting
     Development of internet-based
     information
     Preparation of ASEAN State of the
     Environment Reports
Thank you

								
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