VIEWS: 9 PAGES: 11 POSTED ON: 8/25/2012
“The Latest CDM developments" Jørgen Fenhann, UNEP Risø Centre Third regional South American CD4CDM workshop, 19-20 August 2004 Santa Cruz, Bolivia Content of the presentation: • 64 CDM baseline/monitoring methodologies proposed, 12 approved, 2 ”consolidated”, scopes • New PDD ready • 24 applicant DOEs, 4 designated, 3 indicative letters • 31 CDM projects under DOE validation. Which sectors are prevailing? • Quality of PDDs according to a DOE • A new eligible small-scale CDM category • Other issues The first 64 proposed new methodologies sent to the EB (1) Meth. No. Type 1.Mark 2.Mark GHG reduction/yr Country Investor 1 Bagasse power B A-AMc1 143 ktCO2 Brazil Unilateral 2+29 Fuel switch from coke to charcoal in steel works C On hold ca. 1000 ktCO2 Brazil IFC-Netherlands & Japan 3 CO2 from NH3 production used in methanol prod. C 229 ktCO2 Trinidada & Tobago Germany 4 Landfill gas flaring AM2 AM2-AMc2 ca. 800 ktCO2 Brazil Unilateral 5 Landfill gas electricity B AM3-AMc2 ca. 300 ktCO2 Brazil WB NCDF 6 Hydro Power C 144 ktCO2 Guatamala PCF 7 Burning HFC23 from HCFC22 production AM1 1400 ktCO2 South Korea Japan 8 Hydro Power C 100 ktCO2 Costa Rica CERUPT 9+14+15+19 Rice husk power plant (el + steam + cement) C AM4 400 ktCO2 Thailand Unilateral 10 Landfill gas electricity B AM10-AMc2 400 ktCO2 South Africa PCF 11 Bagasse Power C 100 ktCO2 India Unilateral 12 Wind farm B AMc1 53 ktCO2 Jamaica CERUPT 13 0,65 MW biogas power from palm oil waste water C 27 ktCO2 Malaysia Japan 16 Fuel switch from coal to natural gas A AM8 18 ktCO2 Chile Japan (J-Power) 17 Efficiency improvement of steam use at refinery B METH-12 100 ktCO2 China Unilateral 18 New cogeneration plant using natural gas B METH-A 115 ktCO2 Chile Japan (J-Power) 20 Hydro Power AMc1? 70 ktCO2 Colombia Japan (J-Power) 21 Landfill gas power for on site usage A AM11-AMc2 70 ktCO2 Brazil CERUPT 22 Biogas power from swine manure A AM6 90 ktCO2 Chile Canada 23 Hydro power A AM5-AMc1 70 ktCO2 Mexico PCF 24 Wind farm B AMc1 45 ktCO2 Colombia PCF 25 Biomass residues power plant C 85 ktCO2 India Swedish Energy Agency 26 Recovering associated gas in stead of flaring A AM9 670 ktCO2 Vietnam Japan 27 Bagasse power expansion Withdrawn 23 ktCO2 Brazil CERUPT 28 Switch from coal/lignite to agro-biomass power A AM7 600 ktCO2 India PCF 30 Bagasse power and steam B AMc1 95 ktCO2 India Unilateral 31 10 MW power from waste heat in iron kiln METH-Bp 37 ktCO2 India Unilateral 32 5.6 MW power from municipal waste A AM12 100 ktCO2 India PCF 33 Energy efficient expansion of cement factory B 80 ktCO2 Costa Rica CERUPT 34 CH4 & N2O reductions from manure management B METH-12 20 ktCO2 Brazil Canada 35 Capacity augmentation component of NM28 Withdrawn 600 ktCO2 India PCF The first 64 proposed new methodologies sent to the EB (2) Round Meth. No. Type 1.Mark 2.Mark GHG reduction/yr Country Investor 5 36 120 MW wind farm in Zafarana AMc1 227 ktCO2 Egypt Japan (JBIC) 5 37 Energy efficiency in ammonia fertilizer plant METH-B 23 ktCO2 India Italy 5 38 1,4 MW biogas power from sewage water METH-Bp 73 ktCO2 Moldavia Denmark (EPA) 5 39 1,5 MW biogas power from palm oil effluent METH-A 55 ktCO2 Malaysia Japan 5 41 Biogas for drying & power at starch factory METH-Bp 372 ktCO2 Thailand Not yet identified 5 42 Water pumping efficiency improvement METH-Bp 36 ktCO2 India WB Carbon Finance 5 43 A 86 MW hydro added & 2 units upgraded AMc1 39 ktCO2 Panama Unilateral 5 44 Water pumping power factor improvement Review METH-C 36 ktCO2 India WB Carbon Finance 5 45 Fly ash utilization in cement production METH-B 250 ktCO2 India Unilateral 6 46 Reconstruction of a district heating network METH-C 50 ktCO2 Uzbekistan PCF 6 47 Reducing clinker component in cement METH-Bp 100 ktCO2 Indonesia PCF 6 48 Fuel switch from coal to biomass & waste METH-Bp 100 ktCO2 Indonesia PCF 6 49 Recovery of BOF waste gas at steel plant METH-C 88 ktCO2 India Unilateral 6 50 34 MW bagasse power plant AMc1? 100 ktCO2 Thailand Denmark 6 51 30 MW hydro power in a hydro dominated grid AMc1? 94 ktCO2 Brazil Unilateral 6 52 Expansion of the bus system in Bogoto METH-C 250 ktCO2 Colombia the Netherlands 6 53 55 MW geothermal power at Lihir gold mine AMc1? 300 ktCO2 Papua New Guinea ? 6 54 15 MW run-of-river hydro power AMc1? 68 ktCO2 Ecuador CF 6 55 110 MW geothermal power in west Java METH-C AMc1 780 ktCO2 Indonesia Unilateral 6 56 Biogas from alcohol wastewater METH-C 100 ktCO2 Nicaragua the Netherlands 7 40 Fuel switch from coal to palm oil shells at cement plant METH-13 145 ktCO2 Malaysia UK 7 57 PFC reduction by continous feeding of Aluminium plant METH-13 286 ktCO2 India Unilateral 7 58 Power plant waste heat in new district heating system METH-13 90 ktCO2 China Denmark (DANIDA) 7 59+64 CO collection el-gen & el-motor savings at steel plant METH-13 47 ktCO2 Brazil Unilateral 7 60 Upgrade & expansion of biomass plant from 24MW to 53MW METH-13 80 ktCO2 Thailand Unilateral 7 61 Thermal destruction of N2O from adipic acid production METH-13 10500 ktCO2 South Korea France (Rhodia) 7 62 120 MW nat.gas. combined cycle replaces average fuel METH-13 232 ktCO2 India Unilateral 7 63 Avoiding landfilling by composting municipal waste in Dhaka METH-13 40 ktCO2 Bangladesh the Netherlands A: Means approved by the Executive Board B: Means that the project participants must make some changes C: Means that a new Project Design Document must be submitted METH-A: Recommended to be approved my METH Panel METH-Bp: Preliminary recommendations sent to the project developers by the METH Panel. METH-B: Final recommendation to be a B-case by the METH Panel METH-C: Recommended to be a C-case by the METH Panel AMc1: Consolidated methodology for gridconnected electricity from renewables ([hydro], wind geothermal, solar, tidal, wave AMc2: Consolidated landfill methodology Sectoral scopes & approved methodologies The new PDD was ready 1 July 2004 Main changes compared to version 1: • The annexes used for new baseline/monitoring methodologies have disappeared. They now exist in separate forms. • All guidance text has disappeared. Are now available as General guidance and as Specific guidance for the PDD and for new methodologies. • The PDD is not applicable for A/R projects. The A/R Working Group has proposed a A/R PDD. • The new PDD must be used after 1 August 2004. Must reach EB before end of 2004. • The small-scale PDD has not been updated. Accreditation of Designated Operational Entities (DOEs) No. Name Country Status Scopes 1 Japan Quality Assurance (JQA) Japan Prov. Designated 4,5,6,7,10,11,12 2 Japan Audit and Certification Organisation for Env. And Quality (JACO) Japan 3 Det Norske Veritas Certification Ltd (DNV Cert.) UK Prov. Designated 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,10,11,12,13 4 ChuoAoyama PwC Sustainability Research Institute Corporation (CHUO) Japan 5 TÜV Süddeutschland Bau und Betrieb GmbH (TÜV-SÜD) Germany Prov. Designated 1,2,3 6 Tohmatsu Evaluation and Certiification Organization (TECO) Japan Indicative letter 7 Japan Consulting Institute (JCI) Japan 8 Asahi & Co Japan 9 BVQI Holdings S.V. Ltd. UK Indicative letter 10 Société Générale de Surveillance (SGS UK Ltd.) UK Prov. Designated 4,5,6,7,10,11,12 11 Korea Energy Management Corporation (KEMCO) S. Korea 12 PricewaterhouseCoopers Certification B.V.(PwC) Netherlands Withdrew application 13 TÜV Rheinland Angelagentechnik GmbH Germany Indicative letter 14 KPMG Certification B.V. Netherlands 15 URS Verification Ltd. UK 16 ERM Certification and Verification Service Ltd. (ERM CVS) UK 17 Clouston Environmental Sdn.Bhd. Malaysia 18 British Standard Institution (BSI) UK 19 Nexant inc. US 20 Conestoga Rovers & Associates Limited. (CRA) US 21 Spanish Association for Standardisation and Certification (AENOR) Spain 22 Rheinisch-Westfälischer TÜV (RWTÜV) Germany 23 Lloyd's Register Quality Assurance Ltd. (LRQA) UK 24 Colombian Institute for Technical Standards and Certification (ICONTEC) Colombia 25 Korean Foundation for Quality (KFQ) S. Korea Indicative lettter: After the Desk Review and the On-site assessment is completed successfull, the CDM Assessment Panel recommend that the EB accredit the Applicant Entity (AE) once the CDM-AP has witnessed a CDM validation done by the AE. If this witnessing activity is successfull, the EB can consider to register the validated CDM project. CDM projects under validation by DOEs Type Type Validator Country Investor GHG reduction/yr yrs. GHG emission reduction by thermal oxidation of HFC23 AM1 SGS India Unilateral 3380 ktCO2 7 HFC decomposition project in Ulsan AM1 JQA S. Korea Japan 1400 ktCO2 7 Salvador Da Bahia landfill gas management project AM2 (=NM4) DNV Brazil Unilateral 800 ktCO2 7 Hidroélectrica Candelaria (4.3 MW hydro) Small scale, I.D DNV Guatamala Japan (J-Power) 24 ktCO2 7 Wind electricity generation in Tamil Nadu (15 MW) Small scale, I.D TÜV-SÜD India CERUPT 38 ktCO2 10 Metrogas methane recovery from pipeline rehabilitation Small scale, III.D DNV Chile Japan (J-Power) 12 ktCO2 10 Aquarius Hydroelectric Project Small scale, I.D. DNV Brazil Japan (J-Power) 14.9 ktCO2 7 Mbumibiopower biomass power project Small scale, I.D.(=NM39) DNV Malaysia Japan 55 ktCO2 7 NovaGerar landfill gas to energy project AM3 DNV Brazil WB NCDF ca. 300 ktCO2 7 18 MW biomass power porject in Tamilnadu, India AM4 (=NM25) DNV India Sweden 85 ktCO2 10 Trojes 8 MW hydro project Small scale, I.D. DNV Mexico PCF 22 ktCO2 7 Benito Juarez 15 MW hydro project Small scale, I.D. DNV Mexico PCF 41 ktCO2 7 Chilatán 15 MW hydro project Small scale, I.D. DNV Mexico PCF 52 ktCO2 7 El Gallo 30 MW hydro project AM5 (=NM23) DNV Mexico PCF 70 ktCO2 7 Kunak 14 MW palm oil solid waste power plant Small scale, I.D. DNV Malaysia Denmark 51 ktCO2 7 10 MW landfill gas to energy project at Lara landfill, Maua AM3 DNV Brazil Unilateral 700 ktCO2 7 Brazil MARCA 11 MW landfill gas to energy project AM3 DNV Brazil Unilateral 230 ktCO2 7 Olvarria landfill gas recovery project Small scale, III.D DNV Argentina CDCF 12 ktCO2 7 E7 Bhutan 70 kW micro hydro power project Small scale, I.A. JACO Bhutan E7? 0,5 ktCO2 7 Cececapa (2,9 MW) run of river Hydroelectric Project Small scale, I.D. DNV Honduras Finland 2 ktCO2 10 Yojoa Small (0,6 MW) run of river Hydropower Project Small scale, I.D. DNV Honduras Finland 1,1 ktCO2 10 Rio Blanco (5 MW) Small Scale Hydroelectric Project Small scale, I.D. DNV Honduras Finland 18 ktCO2 10 Zacapa (0,5 MW) run of river Mini Hydro Station Project Small scale, I.D. DNV Honduras Finland 1 kt CO2 10 9 biomass gasifier based power plants totalling 2.25 MW Small scale, I.A.+ I.D. DNV India Unilateral 12,3 ktCO2 10 La Esperanza Hydroelectric 12.7 MW small scale project Small scale, I.D. DNV Honduras CDCF (Finland) 39 ktCO2 7 Cortecito (5.3MW) and San Carlos (4.0 MW) small-scale hydro project Small scale, I.D. DNV Honduras 2E Carbon Access 37 ktCO2 10 Guyamapa 12.2 MW Hydroelectric small scale project Small scale, I.D. DNV Honduras 2E Carbon Access 36 ktCO2 10 Landfill Gas capture and flaring at Chisinau Landfill, Moldova (see NM38) AM11 DNV Moldova Denmark (EPA) 60 ktCO2 7 Landfill gas extraction on the landfill Villa Dominico (Buenos Aires) AM11 SGS Argentina Unilateral 700 ktCO2 10 Graneros Plant Fuel Switching Project AM8 DNV Chile Japan (J-Power) 18 ktCO2 7 Clarion 12 MW (Gross) Renewable Sources Biomass Power Project Small scale, I.D. TÜV-Rhein India Unilateral 40 ktCO2 7 Which sectors are prevailing? Jørgen Fenhann, UNEP Risø Centre, 16-08-04 Type Proposed Under methodologies validation Wind 3 1 Hydro 7 14 Biomass power 11 4 Biogas power 6 1 Geothermal 2 Natural gas power 2 Oil & gas sector 1 Energy distribution 3 1 Energy efficiency, industry 6 Energy efficiency, households Energy efficiency, service 1 Transport 1 Fossil fuel switch 2 1 HFCs, PFCs, SF6 2 2 Cement 2 Other industrial processes 2 Landfill 5 7 Other waste 1 Agriculture 1 Total 58 31 Share of CDM project which are small-scale: 65% Quality of PDDs according to a DOE • Project developers are often unaware of the project cycle • Too many things are taken for granted (we will not include xx because it is insignificant) • GHG calculation usually not transparent • GHG reductions are usually overestimated • In monitoring some write they will measure everything, not how,when,where,how often, quality. • PDDs seldom short & concise. Other issues • Continuation of existing practices on hold (NM2), split view in Meth Panel • Perverse incentives (paper being prepared for EB), in AM12 ok if compliance rate<50%. • A small-scale working group will be made at EB15 • When the DOE send in the registration form for a CDM project a “modalities of communication with the EB” statement signed by the project participants should be attached telling with whom to communicate when the CERs are to be issued. • Draft decision for COP10 on M&P for A/R project decided at SB20. Unresolved issues: Bundling, leakage, def. of low-income communities, and monitoring. New eligible small-scale CDM project category Project types Small-scale CDM project activity categories TypeI I: A. Electricity generation by the user Renewable B. Mechanical energy for the user energy projects C. Thermal energy for the user <15 MW D. Renewable electricity generation for a grid Type II: A. Supply side energy efficiency improvements - transmission and distribution Energy efficiency B. Supply side energy efficiency improvements - generation improvement C. Demand-side energy efficiency programmes for specific technologies projects D. Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for industrial facilities <15 GWh savings E. Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for buildings Type III: A. Agriculture Other project B. Switching fossil fuels activities C. Emission reductions by low-greenhouse emission vehicles always <15 ktCO2 D. Methane recovery E. Avoidance of methane production from biomass decay through controlled combustion Types I - III: Other small-scale project •Small-scale Afforestation/Reforestation (A/R) projects must reduce emissions < 8 ktCO2. • A/R Working Group formed at EB14, are preparing A/R categories.
"Latest CDM developments"