The art and science of growing
plants in an outdoor setting.
The Art of Landscaping
Art - The production or expression of what is
beautiful or appealing.
• Painters - Colors
• Musicians - Sounds
• Sculptors - Shapes
• Landscape designers - Plants
LANDSCAPING = Arranging plants in away that is pleasing to the eye.
What are the benefits from well-landscaped
• Aesthetic Value • Increase property value
• Plants convey warmth, • Lend themselves to many
protection, and comfort activities
• Reduces noise pollution • Lower heating and cooling
Landscapers must consider many factors during
the work on a landscape job.
• terrain • climate
• home, building, or other • intended use of the property
• client’s wants
In other words… The landscaping must “fit it”
to the existing “landscape”
Careers in The Green Industry
Arborist - Tree care
Associations - Green Industry associations & organizations
Forester - Timber production
Greenhouse Management - Growing and retailing annuals and perennials
Green Industry Sales - Marketing and sales
Horticulturalist - Grower or plant care technician
Landscape Architect - Design professional level projects
Landscape Contractor - Landscape design, installation and maintenance
Landscape Designer - Design planting beds and landscapes
Lawn Technician - Lawn care industry
Nursery Management - Growing and selling trees & shrubs
Parks & Recreation - Park management & recreational activities
Turfgrass Management - Golf courses, athletic fields, recreational facilities,
Landscaping Do’s and Don’t
Outdoor dining area located too far from the kitchen, making
getting food to and from inconvenient.
Patio or other outdoor living area in exposed, afternoon sun
Trees selected and placed so that their size and location makes
them fill the gutters on the house and garage several times a
Water source located too far from where you need it (flower
or veggie garden) to be convenient. Ditto electrical outlets.
Lighting that glares in your face, but doesn't light the path
where you need to see where you're stepping.
Main entry to house not clear to visitors when they arrive. It
should be obvious where you want them to go. They
shouldn't have to cut across a lawn or creep through bushes
looking for a way in.
Walls or hedges directly adjacent to a driveway that make it
difficult to open car doors freely. Ditto a driveway so narrow
that when you get out of your car, you have to walk on the
adjacent lawn or mulched area to get past the car.
Shrubs, trees, or other tall plants located at the end of the
driveway so that you can't see oncoming traffic when you
want to get out.
Lawn shapes laid out so that they require a lot of extra
trimming to get into awkward corners.
A porch or steps that is so small that the door knocks you
off into the foundation planting when you open it.
Plantings along driveways and walks that are in the way of
snow removal, whether a plow needs to push it
somewhere, or you need to throw it with a shovel.
Uneven or tippy paving stones that cause a safety hazard.
Ditto walks so narrow that people have to walk single file.
Principles of Art
Designing the Landscape Area
The Design Process