Vietnam Conflict

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					Vietnam Conflict


    1945 – 1975
    French and American Intervention
French In Indo China

   Prior to WW II French
    Colony Laos Vietnam
    and Cambodia
   US and Vietminh fight
    together against Japan
   Vietminh lead by HO
    CHI Minh
   US Declaration of
    INDPENDENCE
French Go to WAR

   US Supported a free          Guerilla warfare against
    independent Vietnam           the French
    and HoCHI Minh               1950 France asked for
   France did north want         US Help
    to give up its colonies      US Helped do to Cold
   Declared war on               War – Containment
    Vietnam in November          By 1954 US sent 2.6
    of 1946                       billion in military aid
US Support For France

   French Defeat in 1954        Peace is made in 1954
    at Dien Bien Phu              divided Vietnam at the
   Surrounded and out            17th II
    gunned at the bottom of      Promise of free
    a valley                      elections by 1956
   French troops mostly of      US did not support
    the French Foreign            peace plan or elections
    Legion                       Believed communist
   56 day siege                  victory- if free election
                                  was allowed
Dien Bien Phu 1953-54
US involvement

   Domino theory             

   US supported NGO
    DINH DIEM
   Catholic in a Buddhist
    land – Anti communist
   1957 refused to allow
    elections to take place
US

   1954-1961 US sends
    another billion dollars to
    Vietnam- to support
    Diem
   1957 Civil War begins
    do to canceled
    elections
   Creation of the NFL or
    Viet Cong
Green Berets

   U.S Special Forces        1957 The first Combat
   Speak multiple             Berets were sent to
    languages and do           Vietnam
    multiple jobs.            Sept. 21 1961 5th
   342 were sent to NAM       Special Forces group is
    in 1954 to train the       sent to Vietnam
    South Vietnamese           controlled all Special
   Advisory Groups            Forces Groups in
                               Vietnam
Green Berets

   The Mission – develop         Evasion – escape –
    paramilitary forces            subversion
    among the minority            Going to the Villages
    groups – Montagnards           and providing security
    in the Central highlands      A- Teams 12 Berets
   Fighting an                   Moving mass amounts
    unconventional war             of people to relocation
                                   camps – in Highlands
Green Berets

   The Montagnards –
    Indians
   200,000 in South
    Vietnam
   Hate the Vietnamese's
    People Live in the
    Mountains
   Over 100 tribes in
    South East Asia
Typical Beret Camp
                     Entrance to Tu Doc camp
A Team Base In I Corps
The Battle Fields
14 DAYS IN OCTOBER 1962

   By 1950 US            CASTRO WANTED US
    BUSINESSS OWNED        OUT
    90% OF THE CUBAN      SOVIET SUPPORT
    ECONOMY               LA BRIGADA
   1958 CASTRO            TRAINED BY CIA
    OVERTHREW THE US      APRIL 17 1961 BAY
    SUPPORTED GOVT.        OF PIGS 1,500
                           COMMANDOS -
                           FAILED
CUBA CRISIS

   KHRUSHCHEV SENT
    NUKES TO CUBA
   OCT 14 U2 FOUND
    THEM
   OCT 22 BLOCKADE
   OCT 26 BRINK OF
    WAR
   OCT 28 REMOVAL
MISSLE SITE FROM U-2
                  KHRUSCHEV   FIDEL CASTRO
  KENNEDY




MISSLES IN CUBA
Berets and advisors

   By end of 1963 JFK
    sent 16,000 Green
    Berets and advisors to
    Vietnam
   Small groups that
    conducted training –
    medical care – and
    guerilla warfare –
    throughout Vietnam
Civil war to US troops

   HUE 1963 Buddhist
    Monks in protest of
    Diem – Burn
    themselves alive in the
    streets
   World turns on Diem
   Military Coup leaves
    Diem Dead – 3 weeks
    later Kennedy is killed
November          22 nd   1963

   Dallas Texas
   Kennedy assassination
   LBJ Sworn in on return
    flight to Washington
   LBJ will increase
    Vietnam
   Will not seek reelection
                       Route




                                Book Depository




After the first shot           After the second shot
LBJ Sworn in on Air Force One
Gulf of Tonkin resolution

   LBJ President1964           1965 Operation Rolling
   Needed a reason to           Thunder
    commit more troops          US Base attacked by
   NV attacked a US             VC in SV –
    Destroyer that was
    patrolling while SV         LBJ orders the
    were infiltrating            bombing of NV and
   Congress gave LBJ a          Laos and Cambodia
    green light for troops       along the HO Chi MNIH
                                 Trail
Troops sent

 Two months after
  Rolling Thunder
  Marines were sent to
  Da Nang
End of 65 180,000 troops
End of 66 360,000 troops
End of 67 500,000 troops
CONTAINMENT
VIETNAM CONTINUED

   THE TET OFFENSIVE
   1968 NIXON ELECTION
   1968 PARIS PEACE TALKS
   1970 TAKING TO WAR TO OTHER
    COUNTRIES
   1972 Christmas Bombing
   1973 March US Pull out
TET OFFENSIVE

   1967 STALEMATE
   GENERAL GIAP NVA DECIDES TO
    ATTACK OVER THE LUNAR HOLIDAY
   TET IS A HOLIDAY OF PRAYER AND
    ANCESTOR WORSHIP
TET

   JANUARY 30 1968       KHE SANH – CAM
    APPROX. 100,000        RANH BAY-DA NANG
    COMMUNIST              – HUE AND THE U.S
    SOLDIERS –VC-NVA       EMBASSY IN SAIGON.
    ATTACKED 100          ALL AREAS
    CITIES AND U.S         ATTACKED WERE
    BASES IN SOUTH         RECAPTURED .
    VIETNAM.              THE PEOPLE DID
                           NOT RISE UP.
TET

   WAS A MILITARY
    FAILURE FOR THE VC
    AND NVA
   33,000 VC KILLED
    ENDED THERE
    STRENGTH
   TURNING POINT
   AMERICAN PUBLIC
    OPINION TURNS
             KHE SANH     STREET IN SAIGON

GEN. GIAP




              RACE TRACK IN SAIGON - BATTLE
  HUE CITY
1968 ELECTION AND PARIS

   WALLACE –NIXON-        NIXON DOCTRINE
    HUMPHREYS              TROOP WITHDRAWL
   NIXON VICTORY           NOV 1969 60,000
    PROMISE PEACE          68 PARIS PEACE
   BEGAN TRAINING SV       TALKS FAIL
    TO TAKE U.S.           SECRESCT WAR TO
    PLACES ON THE           BRING NV TO TABLES
    BATTLEFIELD
   MARCH 1969
NIXON - PEACE

   BOMBING THE          NV TROOPS REMAIN
    NORTH TO PEACE        IN THE SOUTH
    FAILED               US LEAVES – POW’S
   CAMBODIA AND          ARE RETURNED
    LAOS                 THIEU REFUSED TO
   1972 PEACE PLAN       SIGN
   THIEU STAYS IN
    POWER- VC GET A
    SAY IN PEACE
PEACE WITH HONOR

   CHRISTMAS
    BOMBING 72 – 73
   JANUERY 73 PEACE
    AGREEMENT SIGNED
   MARCH 73 US
    TROOPS LEAVE
   PEACE ENDS 75
    SIAGON FALLS
                     Last day Saigon
Last day in Saigon




   U.S. Embassy      U.S. Embassy
Evacuation of Saigon




                       Helicopter returning- Saigon
USS. MIDWAY
Fall of U.S. Embassy and Saigon




                    NVA troops in Saigon 1975

				
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posted:8/25/2012
language:Latin
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