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					1. 3rd class medical
2. 5 years if under 40 yrs old, 3 years if over 40
3. must be reported, could complicate your pilot privileges and cause your medical
    to be revoked. Doctor will look at alocohol abuse problems.
4. Loss of your driver or flight liscnese.
5. Yes, every 2 years (Biannual Flight Review) or every 3 months must have a
    regency of experience.
6. Must take off and land 3 times can be a stop and go. Night flight must be to a full
    stop. Must be done every 90 days.
7. After a change of address must notify the FAA within 30 days.
8. Only when working for a non-profit organization OR pro-rate for flying expenses
    such as rental fee, fuel costs. Otherwise cannot accept money ever for flying.
9. Yes when flying solo.
10. check weather conditions, runway information lengths, airport facility directory,
    fuel requirements, known ATC delays, takeoff and landing distance information
11. yes it is a problem because you cannot drink any alcohol within 8 hours of flying
    and your blood alcohol content must be a 0.04 or lower to fly.
12. 0.04 BAC
13. No it is illegal for me to fly someone who is intoxicated they are not allowed to
14. Yes as long as it is done in a safe manner, and causes no hazards to people below.
15. 30 minutes left during the day, and 45 minutes during the night. (must have at
    least 5 gallons in there during day 7-8 at night from a 48 gallon tank in piper.)
16. Mode C squaks my altitude. Must have it when entering class B or C airspace.
17. Aircraft worthiness certificate, Registration paperwork, Operators manual,
    Weights and Balances
18. Photo ID, 3rd class medical, Pilot certificate
19. Annual review 1 year, VOR IFR only, 100 hour inspection (100hrs),
    altimeter/pitiot tube 24 months, transponder 24 months, ELT 50% battery 1 hr use
    1 year, Recurring Ads
20. 12,500 feet MSL or higher.
21. VFR Day equipment is airspeed, altimeter, compass, tachometer, fuel gauge, oil
    temp, oil pressure, ELT NIGHT Position lights, beacon, power source, and a flashlight
22. ?
23. one hour of use, 50% of battery drained, 121.5 transmits
24. on a placard in the plane and in the maintenance logs (airframe)
25. No unless trained and coordinated with other pilots prior to formation.
26. aircraft in distress always have right of way, converging aircraft both veer to the
    right, the slower aircraft has right of way, the landing aircraft has right of way
27. Va, Vne, Nno
28. permitted in non populated areas, not permitted over populated areas, must have
29. on the wingtips, red on left, green on right, white in rear
30. Position lights must be on at night, strobes and beacon on during the day (not
    position lights). Beacon, strobes, and position lights must all be on at nigh!
31. Steady red = continue circling Flashing Red= do not land Steady Green = cleared
    to approach Flashing Green= Cleared to land
32. Steady Red= stop Flashing Red= exit runway Steady Green= Cleared takeoff
    Flashing Green= cleared taxi Red/Green=CAUTION! Flashing White=return
    starting point
33. Minimum Altitude = MVFR 1,000-3,000AGL 3-5M
34. required only for IFR flights NOT VFR
35. A= 18,000 IFR B= Mode C Permission Granted 2 Way Communication Wedding
    Cake C= 2 Way Radio 20 Miles out Mode C 500 below 3 miles Vis D=2 Way
    Radio 3M Vis 500 Below 1000 above 2000 lateral E= 1200AGL – 18,000AGL
    (above 10,000 5M Vis 1,000 below 1,000 above 1M lateral) G=1200 to ground ,
    uncontrolled, 1M (day) 3M(night) 500 below, 1000 above steer clear, Magenta
    700 below Warning= areas of special hazardous Restricted Area= Prohibited,
    need special permission Prohibited= not allowed MOA= Military Operations Area
    suggest call FSS for hazards VFR Corridor= airspace through Class B Special
    flight Rules Area=normal regulations of flight do not apply
36. allows flight lower than VFR, temporary haze/fog over airport, use it at a
    controller airport to land, Flight Service or ATC to request a special VFR clearance, day 1
    mile vis night IFR ONLY!!
37. Odd to the east plus 500 even to the west plus 500
38. Annual Inspection/Every Year VOR/IFR 100 hr Inspect/100 hrs Altimiter
    PitotTube 24 Transponder 24 months months ELT 50% Battery 1hr use 1 Year,
    Recurring Ads when due
39. 24 months (Biannual)
40. The endcoder
41. VOR= omnidirectional signal VORTAC=military distance DME=Distance
    Measuring Equipment

43. VOR stations, identifier in box 3 letters left of mores code, turn on the "ident"
    feature of your Nav receiver
44. checking the airports NOTAMS
45. air traffic facility that provides information and services to aircraft pilots, on top
    of VOR box if “R” send on frequnecy listen on NAV, Provide weather
    NOTAMS flight plans & PIREPS, common radio frequency is 122.2 ,
46. Enroute weather updates and PIREPS ONLY (unlike FSS) 122.0
47. extend communication FSS
48. transmit over the com radio, receive on the NAV (if “R” next to frequency)
49. continuous recording of meteorological and aeronautical information that is
    broadcast on VOR When you tune into a VOR with a TWEB, instead of the
    normal morse code identifier, it broadcasts the weather.Turn the volume up
    on the VOR, and you've got it.
50. ?
51. ground radar antenna sends radio signal pulses into the sky. These signals are reflected back by
    aircraft flying in the airspace. The radar scope displays the direction and distance from which
    the signals are reflected back
52. service provided by air traffic control (ATC) and available to all VFR pilots, radar
    controller at a Terminal Radar Approach Control, additional service provided
    above and beyond what controllers are required to provide. ATC's first priority is
    separating and sequencing of IFR traffic, and VFR flight following is provided on
    a "workload permitting" basis., know ATC/Approach frequency need radio and
53. ALS(approach lighting system)=series of lightbars, strobe lights, or a
    combination of the two that extends outward from the runway end VASI(Visual
    Approach Slope Indicator)= two sets of lights appear as either white or red
    REIL(Runway End Identifier Lights)= pair of synchronized flashing lights
    located laterally Runway Lights=outline the edges of runways Taxiway
    lights=blue lights for taxiways Pilto controlled lighting=allows aircraft pilots to
    control the lighting of an airport or airfield's approach lights, runway edge lights,
    and taxiways via radio(nontowered) Rotating Beacon=IFR during day ON at
54. Day=IFR Night=always on
56. the runway numbers to land and take off from example 36=heading of 360
57. ?
58. allowed without prior permission high general aviation traffic marked
    with a blue border
59. VR-1260 means a training route flown under VFR at a relatively low
    level. IR-141 would be a route flown under IFR conditions at any

    level.                       be aware of these!!
60. 121.5 MHz frequency on aircraft radio for emergency communications. monitor
    at all times ELT transmits on this frequency
61. 122.750 MHz
62. X Approach, callsign, direction of flight, intentions, with information “x”, Two
    Way Radio, Mode C Transponder
63. divert from the cloud to maintain VFR, contact controller request safe
64. upwind, crosswind, downwind, base, final, left turns standard
65. X Tower, callsign, announce position, intentions, information X, Two Way radio

66.                                                       altitude=4415
    runway=10,100 atis=135.8 tower=118.7 all other info in the Airport Directory
67. ?
68. SHORT FIELD LAND=65knots full flaps, going to come in high, aim for
    beginning of runway, dump flaps upon landing, pull back throttle, hit brakes
    SOFT FIELD LAND= come in high 65 knots, land nose high, keep nose high
    after landing, maintain roll SHORT FIELD TAKEOFF=25 deg flaps, brakes full
    power, 50 knots rotate, climb at 65 Vx knots clear obstacle, lower nose, drop flaps
    incrementally, maintain Vy SOFT FIELD TAKEOFF= 25 deg flaps, full power,
    nose high, rotate ASAP, stay in ground effect, begin climb, incrementally drop
    flaps, maintain Vy
69. tower= airport must have 2 way communication, nontower= announce
    position/intensions, Location Traffic end with Location
70. may be given by ATC , turn off taxiway to takeoff from an intersection for
    convenience reasons, can be rejected by PIC
71. Notices to Airmens= hazards or concerning conditions around the airport
    EX=closed runway or parachute jumps or broken VOR
72. a report to ATC regarding your current position after filing a flight plan, yes if a
    flight plan is filed, announce position every hour or when a waypoint is reached
73. contacting FSS and canceling flight plan and opening a new one
74. routing occurs along pre-defined pathways
75. to observe and maneuver to avoid other aircraft. Right-of-way rules
76. Air Defence Identification Zone. An area of airspace extending upwards from the surface,
      usually along a national boundary, within which identification of all aircraft is required in
      the interests of national security.
77.   contact approach, go through emergency checklist, activate ELT, contact nearest tower
      declare emergency, squake 7700
78.   1200= vfr flight 7500= hijack 7600= lost communications 7700= emergency
79.   National Weather Service disseminates weather for pilots
80.   1800-wx-brief DUATS
81.   forecast for a specific region TAF TAF YBHI 300112Z 0416 14010KT CAVOK T 23 20
      16 14 Q 1022 1023 1023 1022 Winds Aloft= wind speed direction at different altitudes
82.   TAF=Terminal Area Forcast (forcasted weather) METAR= Current weather
83. True bearing, surface winds=magnetic
84. knots
85. Automated Terminal Information Service A continuous broadcast of airport information,
      tune com radio to proper frequency
86. visible moisture/fog/mist likely possible carb icing
87. to properly calibrate altimeter to ensure proper flight level MSL
88. wind shear= changing wind speed/direction problem for landing takeoff airframe
    icing= plane heavy lose ability for lift spoil airflow carb icing= loss rpm/power
    induction icing= carb cannot suck in proper ratio of air CAT=air movin diff
    speeds creates bumps convective acvity=thunderstorms loss of control alititude
    destroy plane towering cumulus=turbulence icing microbursts=severe winds
    downdrafts hail=hard ice pellets temperature inversion=temp increases with
    altitude Marine Layer=? Wake turbulence=turbulence from aircraft advection
    fog= warm air cold ground
89. do a 180 watch controls
90. wake from another aircraft, lose of control during takeoff or landing, larger plane
    lands in front you land behind it get caught in its wingtip vortices, land above and
    infront of the wake turbulence
91. less than 3 minutes
92. dangerous spiral VFR pilots entered IFR conditions sensory loss
93. flying into sun light reflecting off propeller into eyes pilot causing nausea special
94. FINGER NAILS TURN BLUE increased breathing rate, headache,
    lightheadedness, dizziness, tingling or warm sensations, sweating, poor
    coordination, impaired judgment, tunnel vision, and euphoria
95. Vso=49Stall Speed landing Vs1=55 stall speed any config Vr=60reference stall
    Vx=64best angle climb Vy=76 best rate climb Va=113 manuevering speed
    Vno=125 maximum structure cruising Vne=154 never exceed Vfe=102 flaps
    Vbest glide=76
96. acceleration relative to its freefall
97. ?
98. occurs when plane experiencing gforce while turning or pulling up stalls higher
99. controls are crossed turning right but using left rudder
100.         slip=intentional maneuver aircraft is moving sideways as well as forward
    relative to the oncoming airflow skid=unstable slip (dramatic slip uncontrolled)
101.         aircraft to yaw in the opposite direction of aileron control input
102.         ENGINE twists need right rudder, LEFT TURN TENDANCY
103.         sudden reduction in lift as the pilot increases angle of attack and exceeds
    the critical angle of attack, decrease angle of attack, add power SPIN= aggravated
    stall resulting in autorotation one wing will be in a deeper stall condition than the
    other. Correct by using rudders to counteract spin, pull throttle back, alerions in
    neutral, nose down, recover from dive
104.         zulu = aviation universal time greenwich= civiual universal time
105.         airfoil= a structure designed to create a reaction upon its surface from the air
    through which it moves lift=aerodynamic force perpendicular to the relative wind drag=
    reaction force on objects as they move through air
106.         parasitic drag= drag through air friction induced drag= higher angle of attack low
    speed example
107.         actual altitude at which the plane “feels” it’s flying, pilot is aware that his or her
    plane flies a lot different at higher-density altitudes, how atmospheric pressure and
    ambient temperature affect the airplane
108.         use the EGT to find either the best economy or best performance setting. Move
    mixture knob and watching EGT mark the highest temp peak, lean back 100degrees for
    best economy
109.       Detonation= explosion of fuel rather than burn in cylinder, Pre-
   Ignition=ignition of fuel before spark, caused wrong fuel or lean mixture or avoid
   long high power climbs, enrich fuel or shallow climb, proper rpm setting, can
   occur at same time one may cause other
110.       stalls at higher speed with clean (no flaps). Stalls lower speed with flaps
111. 90 degrees ahead in the direction of rotation” ... A left-turning tendency during takeoff
112.       ?
113.       aircraft may pitch uncontrollably down or up causing a loss of control
114.       alternator, produces more energy even at low rpm or idle less weight , belt
115.       yes, on control panel
116.       passanger side bottom right circuit breakers
117.       ?
118.       EGT check engine temperature avoid detoniation, leaning and enriching
   fuel, best performance and best cruise mixture too lean = detonation richer=need
   up leaner=needle down
119.       Electrical= turn coordinator Pitiot tube= vertical speed, airspeed, altimeter

   Vaccume= heading indicator, attitude indicator
120.       air flows into tube creates different pressures inside which are interpreted
   by gauges
121.       ?
122.       Sigmets=hazards to airmen Convenctive Sigmet= Thunderstorm warnings
   Airmets=recommended safety cautions to airmen
123.       ceilings in AGL
124.       stable air=dense does not rise unstable=less dense rising
125.       0 degree Celsius visible moisture
126.       airplane has magnetos requires no battery
127.       wire to allow the magnetos to turn on and off, if missing the propeller
   could turn on by itself despite key being off
128.       dead reckoning= estimating one's current position based upon a previously
   determined position, or fix, and advancing that position based upon known or
   estimated speeds over elapsed time Pilotage= is the use of fixed visual references
   on the ground Radio Navigation=VOR Very High Frequency Omnidirectoinal
129.       REQUIRED, on checklist
130.       mean not fuel injected
131.       vent=allows air to enter tank valve=switches tanks fuel grade=100LL(low
   lead) blue drain=lowest point tank allows water drained Capacity=holds 50
   gallons only 48 usable Tanks=fuel pump pumps fuel to carb (not gavity driven)
132.       forward
133.       Notice to airmen hazards en route or at a specific location. Example:
   closed runway, broken Navigation Radio, Parachutes
134.       false? But FSS does have them so does DUATS
135.       illusion is you appear higher than you really are
136.       slow airspeed, poor Vy, (poor climb rate, poor speed) *could stall!
137.       not going to reach best rate of climb speed
138.       one wing would stall and airplane would enter a spin

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