Organ Trafficking by yurtgc548

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									Organ
Trafficking
By Saralee Loredo-Area III
Nabil Saad-Area II
Cecilia Lopez-Area I
Gloria Ruvalcaba-Area IV
                 Question

 What is the cause for people in Delhi, India
  willingly and unwillingly trafficking organs through
  the black market.
  Introduction/ Economics

 Poverty in India:
   Has a fourth of the world’s poor
   The international poverty line of $1.25 a day
   40%-60% Indians live below the poverty line (UN
    Human Development Report 2009)
  • Reasons for poverty:
      33% illiteracy
      Caste System in India- a system of exploitation of
        poor low-ranking groups by more prosperous high-
        ranking groups.
               Introduction

Organ trafficking in Delhi, India- Two types:

 Voluntary vs. involuntary donors

 Those who give their organs voluntary might not
  necessarily donate their organs willingly.
              Introduction

 Voluntary organ trafficking in the black market
  includes:
   “Kidney Tours”
   Men who are lured into donating their organs in
    exchange for a job, ability to leave the country,
    money
   Women promised the ability to leave the country
   Parents who sell their children
              Introduction

 Involuntary organ trafficking in the black market:
   People who go to the doctor for an operation and
    have an organ stolen
   People who are tricked into thinking they need an
    operation when they really don’t in order to steal
    their organ(s)
   Abduction of adults and children, trickery
   Prisoners in Delhi (Political Science)
   Economics/ International
         Relations
 The Voluntary Health Association of India
  estimates that each year more than 2,000
  people sell their organs for money
 Top destination for medical tourism because
  of the low costs while still having highly
  qualified doctors.
 In other places like China and Western
  countries a kidney can cost $70,000 on the
  black market. In India a kidney costs $25,000.
  About $2,500 of that money goes to the
  donor.
Political Science/ International
            Relations
 The UN on organ trafficking: An international
  regulation was put in place in Nov. 2002 against
  the transnational organized crime with the
  protocol to prevent, suppress, and punish
  trafficking in persons, especially women and
  children.
Are you kidney me??


  What is the most popular organ?




     Why is this organ popular?
      Health Point of View

 Some or many of these organs are unsanitary

 Not many people are prescreened for diseases
  or disorders

 TB, Hepatitis and other diseases

 Why are these organs not screened or tested?

 Since most of the organs are sold on the black
  market, organ brokers involved are more
  interested in making money rather than making
  sure their “products” are up to par.
Health point of view continued

 Poverty plays a major role in the willingness to sell
  one’s organs

 There is a spread of many diseases because
  there is no proper sanitation, even in doctor’s
  offices and hospitals

 Although people go under the knife to have
  their organs removed, they are not properly
  cared for during and after their surgical
  procedure(s).
                 Moral Ethics

 In the poorest nations in the world, 3 out of 4 babies
   born are not documented.

 Because a large portion of children are not
   documented, they are easily taken advantage of..

 Adults are also taken advantage of because organ
   brokers know that they will do anything they can in
   order to support a family

 The cost of one organ can range from $1000 to $5000

 With this kind of money, parents feel that it is a risk
   they are willing to take in order support their family
   because the average daily income is only $1.25
 Do you trust your doctor?

 There is a major problem with doctors abusing
  the power they are given.

 Patients put their trust and life in doctors, not
  knowing that they are being taken advantage
  of…

 There have been many reported cases of
  surgeons performing illegal procedures as well as
  removing organs from patients when they are
  under anesthesia
    Moral Ethics continued

 It is mortally and ethically wrong for people to
  take advantage of others, especially when it is
  for personal gain

 Those who take advantage of the needy range
  from “organ brokers” to doctors, whom people
  put a lot of their trust in

 Doctors are forced to take an oath promising to
  not abuse their knowledge and power, but to
  use it to do good
Will’s Way
      Masterpiece Harvest

   They took Alistair Cooke’s

       old damaged bones,

diverted stiffs’ organs and tissues,

“surplus,” spoiled, iced, and sold

 uncremated to untold hospitals.

    Surgical knives operated

   where transplant recipients

     anxiously awaited now

      impossible recoveries,

          stolen dreams.
  The story of Anand

• A 30 year old man who went to Bangalore, India in search of a job.

• He was befriended by a man standing next to him at a city bus stop that told him
he could get him a job.

• He was told he needed to get a medical examination before he could be
approved for a passport.

• After being checked into a hospital for test he was told he had a tumor in his
abdomen that required surgery.

• Anand said he consented to the operation, and did not discover that his kidney
had been removed until he visited another doctor later because of pain.

• Anand “ I was only thinking of making a lot of money” Anand said. My
greediness kept me believing all they said, now I curse myself.”
   Kidney Theft Ring Preys on India’s Poorest
                  Laborers…
 Mr. Mohammad, 25 had been picking up odd jobs in Delhi India for the past two
   years and sending money to his family in Gujard.

 Again like Anand in the previous story he was approached by a man and offered
   a generous deal: One and a half months working painting, for a little less than 4
   dollars a day, with free food and lodging.

 Mr. Mohammad said he was driven 4 or 5 hours to a secluded bungalow where
   he was placed in a room with 4 other young men, with two armed guards keeping
   watch.

 Mr. Mohammad asked “why have I been locked inside, the guards slapped me,
   and said they’d shoot me if I asked any more questions”

 “I was terrified, I knew that these people meant to do evil to me. When I woke
   up a doctor said my kidney had been removed.” He said I would be shot if I ever
   told anyone what happened”
       Organs taken from Orphans
 Organs are harvested and sold, driven ultimately by demand
  from desperate people suffering with terminal illness, such as
  kidney disease, and in need of a transplant surgery.
 Three men found a boy at a railway station of Slavyansk in
  Donetsk Oblast.
 The men subjected him to a full medical examination to check
  out his organs, after convincing him that he was on his way to
  a special sports school.
 After examinations the boy’s organs did not match any of the
  possible recipients.
 This boy got lucky, unlike many other helpless poor innocent
  victims.
Unexplainable Deaths in Newborns
  In 2003, several doctors in Kharkiv maternity hospital
   were investigated for stealing and trafficking infant
   organs.

  This scandal broke after mothers of newborns noticed
   an alarming number of unexpected deaths during birth.

  Doctors told mothers their babies had inexplicably died.

  Under international and domestic pressure, the
   authorities exhumed about 30 bodies from the maternity
   hospital’s cemetery where the infants had been buried.

  The video of the autopsy showed that organs had been
   stripped, and the bodies dismembered.
.
.

    Before film came to existence,
    paintings came to be the way to tell
    history. This painting is from the 15th
    century, obviously human parts have
    been part of human actions for longer
    than anyhone can imagine.
    http://www.imageofsurgery.com/Surgery_history_art.htm
.
                                    .




The beginning of Human Organ Trafficking was exposed through art, but the
idea of such thing happening in reality was out of peoples mind until now.
All                                             104,641
Kidney                                           82,301
Pancreas                                          1,487
Kidney/Pancreas                                   2,215
Liver                                            15,886
Intestine                                           229
Heart                                             2,871
Lung                                              1,863
Heart/Lung                                           83
Total        TRANSPLANTS PERFORMED UP TO DATE    16,679
.     This is the type of Advertising
     that someone in financial need
          would be attracted to.
      As Quoted from the article: Intersecting
           Human Rights Crises: Organ
     Transplantation and Organ Trafficking. By
                  Ana Lita, Ph.D.

    “Many patients engage in organ trafficking
    as a solution. Various criminals and other
    individuals have recognized organ
    shortages as an easy opportunity to
    pressure people from countries living in
    poverty into selling their organs. The
    potential for large profits underpins their
    interest: sellers of kidneys are paid
    approximately $2,500-3,000, while
    recipients pay anywhere from $100,000-
    200,000.”
                      .

 Organs are being
 sold and bought to
 go throughout the
 world.
                                   .




Being put in jail and being executed is happening
more often for the sole purpose of extracting and
selling inmates organs.
.
Tricked to work, wakes up with
        missing kidney.
.
…
.
                                        .
• All the organs of the human body were having a meeting, trying to decide
    who should be the one in charge.
•   "I should be in charge," said the brain , "Because I run all the body's
    systems, so without me nothing would happen."
•      .
    "I should be in charge," said the blood, "Because I circulate oxygen all over
    so without me you'd all waste away."
•   "I should be in charge," said the stomach," Because I process food and give
    all of you energy."
•   "I should be in charge," said the legs, "because I carry the body wherever it
    needs to go."
•   "I should be in charge," said the eyes, "Because I allow the body to see
    where it goes."
•   "I should be in charge," said the rectum, "Because I'm responsible for waste
    removal."
•   All the other body parts laughed at the rectum And insulted him, so in a huff,
    he shut down tight. Within a few days, the brain had a terrible headache, the
    stomach was bloated, the legs got wobbly, the eyes got watery, and the
    blood Was toxic. They all decided that the rectum should be the boss.

• So what's the moral of the story?
                                  .




 …The   asshole is usually in charge!
Donor
   http://afterarmageddon7.blogspot.com/2009/10/devastating-report-on-organ-
    trafficking.html

   http://www.hot-thefilm.com/home.html (Human Organ Trafficking)

   http://www.newint.org/easier-english/orgsale.html

   http://www.google.com/archivesearch?hl=en&source=hp&q=history+of+human+organ+
    trafficking&um=1&ie=UTF-
    8&scoring=t&ei=paHwSrCmJ5SOswOvrdGABg&sa=X&oi=timeline_result&ct=title&resnum=
    11&ved=0CC0Q5wIwCg

   http://arirusila.cafebabel.com/en/post/2009/09/04/Follow-Up:-Organ-Trafficking

   http://www.hoax-slayer.com/human-parts-factory-hoax.shtml

   http://www.imageofsurgery.com/Surgery_history_art.htm

   http://images.google.com/images?gbv=2&hl=en&q=human+organ+images&sa=N&start
    =260&ndsp=20

								
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