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					National parks
  By Stephen Fargher
Where are the national parks in the
               UK?
         History of national parks
   The original use of national parks was mainly farming
    or for forestry. The main type of farming was sheep
    farming because of the relief of the land.
   In certain areas of national parks there was mineral
    deposits such as coal and copper so the area was mined.
    This brought money into the area initially and brought
    more people to the area for work.
   In 1951 the peak district became Britain’s first national
    park. Now there are 14 national parks all over the UK.
   Some national parks have reservoirs due to the relief of
    the land so some water points now take place.
Scenery of some national parks
                       Facts
   The peak district was the first national park in
    the UK
   Around 40,000 people live in the parks
   The national parks cover a large area of 600
    square miles with over 2000 km of public rights
    of way.
   The main economic use of the areas are tourism
    and mining and some sheep farming but tourism
    has become the main source of income.
                     Attractions
   Walking                     Mounting
   Sailing on                   biking
    lakes and also              Small
    other water                  traditional
    activities                   pubs
   Rock climbing               Shops
    on the cliffs               Scenery such
   Cycle routes                 as the
    around the                   beautiful
    parks                        landscape
   Camping areas               Some hotels
         Problems with tourism
With all tourism there is a number of problems which is
  similar for all people.
 One of these is the amount of traffic coming to the
  national parks. This means more roads have to be built
  which will further damage the environment and the
  pollution which is also produces may affect some of the
  wildlife.
 There is also a large problem of litter because many
  people who visit the area also produce litter because in
  a large area such as the peak district it is hard to have
  bins every where and to constantly empty them.
 Climbing may result in loss of some wildlife such as
  birds that nest on the rock face
   Many people concentrate on the tourist areas so
    other small businesses might not get the income
    they need to sustain themselves.
   Due to the large number of people walking
    along the parks many footpaths soil erosion may
    take place or people may damage the many
    plants if they stray off the pathways to explore
    the area further.
       Ways in which to combat the
                problems
   Try to encourage more people to use public
    transport instead of there own cars.
   To try and conserve the areas more, maybe by
    having fines for those who are caught damaging
    the environment.
   To look after the local people so they don’t feel
    alienated in there own home area
   To try and encourage people to take an interest
    in local traditional and to try to get them to go
    into the small shops
   Try to encourage people to stay longer by
    having a number of hotels and maybe some
    cafes.
   Encourage people to visit all year round not just
    in the summer when the weather is nice. The
    scenery is often nice when covered in snow
   Try to get people to get the most out of there
    existing resources instead of relying on tourism
    for income
   Better advertisement of some of the national
    parks

				
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posted:8/24/2012
language:English
pages:11