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Solar Thermal Power Market Guide

Description:    This report on Solar Thermal Energy analyzes the opportunities and challenges facing the solar
                thermal industry.

                This report analyzes the technology, examines solar thermal plants financing, discusses hybrid solar
                thermal power plants, and provides profiles of solar thermal companies and case studies. A
                diagrammatic representation of the value chain and suppliers in the solar thermal industry is
                included, explaining the solar thermal power process in detail.

                Solar thermal power plants are forecast to undergo a real boom in the coming years and decades.
                The sunny regions of Asia, the USA, and North Africa provide an almost inexhaustible space
                potential. Experts have long agreed that solar thermal technology will enable the replacement of
                conventional, fossil fuelled, or nuclear power plants in the long term. Recent studies by Greenpeace
                and A.T. Kearney confirm the increasing competitiveness.

                Solar-thermal electricity (STE) is competitive. Within the next ten years, there will be an
                opportunity to generate this economically and free of subsidies. In doing so, it will compete with
                fossil fuels. Moreover, STE represents an increasingly more attractive addition to the renewable
                energy portfolio, of which it has a relevant share. The thermal solar capacity installed worldwide
                will ideally reach 100 gigawatts (GW) by 2025. This could create up to 130,000 jobs.

                International studies have also announced the continuous rise of solar-thermal power plants. The
                cost of generating STE electricity can be reduced by up to 30 percent by 2015 and even by more
                than 50 percent by 2025. As such, solar-thermal electricity can contribute significantly to reaching
                certain energy and environmental targets, for example the EU's 20-20-20 goal.



Contents:       Executive Summary

                What is Solar Thermal Energy?
                Introduction
                History of the Industry
                Market Overview
                How a Solar Thermal Power Plant Works
                Different Types of Solar Thermal Collectors
                Low Temperature Collectors
                Medium Temperature Collectors
                High Temperature Collectors
                System Designs
                Parabolic Trough
                Solar Power Tower
                Parabolic Solar Dish
                Fresnel Reflectors
                Linear Fresnel Reflector Technologies
                Fresnel Lenses
                MicroCSP
                CLFR Power Plant
                Role of Heat Exchange in Solar Thermal
                Role of Heat Storage
                Steam Accumulator
                Molten Salt Storage
                Graphite Heat Storage
                Phase Change Materials
                Usage of Water in Solar Thermal
                Solar Resource and Land Usage
                Converting Solar Energy to Electrical Energy
Solar Thermal Value Chain and Suppliers

Benefits of Concentrating Solar Power
Overview
Environmental Sustainability
Economic Sustainability

Hybrid Solar Thermal Power Plants

Advantages of Solar Thermal Power

Challenges to Commercializing Solar Thermal Power
Solid Financing through Longâ€term Power Purchasing Guarantees
Power Grids
No Limit on Power Plant Size in Laws Regarding the Supply of Energy to the Grid
Regulations Regarding Power from Renewable Energies
End Tax Disadvantages
Technology Quota

Technical Challenges Facing the Industry

Research and Development

Economics of Solar Thermal
Levelized Cost Overview
Impact of Solar Thermal on Emissions, Economies, and Employment

Financing Solar Thermal Power Plants
Overview
General Sources of Capital
Types of Financing and Ownership Structure
Cash Flow Related Lending
Risk Sharing
Off Balance Sheet Financing

Reliability of Solar Thermal Plants

Solar Thermal versus Photovoltaics

Solar Thermal versus Fossil Fuels

Requirement for Large Areas of Land

Industry Forecast

Case Study: Solar Thermal Power in Mojave Desert
Overview
Solar One and Solar Two
Solar Energy Generating Systems
Nevada Solar One
Copper Mountain Solar Facility
Nellis Solar Power Plant
Sierra SunTower
Ivanpah Solar Power Facility
Mojave Solar Park
AV Solar Ranch One
Social and Economic Impact of the Mojave Desert Solar Thermal Plants
Impact on Desert Soil Ecosystems
Impact of Solar Thermal Power Plants on the Mojave Desert
Carbon Loss
Loss of Future Carbon Sequestration
Other Potential Impacts
Major Solar Thermal Power Plants
Alvarado I
Andasol Solar Power Station
Archimede Solar Power Plant
Extresol Solar Power Station
Ivanpah Solar Power Facility
Kimberlina Solar Thermal Energy Plant
Liddell Power Station
Martin Next Generation Solar Energy Center
Nevada Solar One
PS10 Solar Power Plant
PS20 Solar Power Plant
Shiraz Solar Power Plant
Sierra SunTower
Solar Energy Generating Systems
Solnova Solar Power Station
Themis Solar Power Plant
Valle Solar Power Station
Yazd Integrated Solar Combined Cycle Power Station

Major Players
Abengoa
Acciona Energy
Ausra/ AREVA Solar
eSolar
Sierra SunTower
BrightSource Energy
Solel Solar Systems
Solar Millennium
Sunrgi

Appendix

Glossary

About the Publisher

Figures and Tables

Figures
Figure 1: Parabolic Trough
Figure 2: Concentrating Solar Power System
Figure 3: Solar Two
Figure 4: eSolar's 5MW Sierra SunTower Facility
Figure 5: Parabolic Solar Dish Concentrating the Sun's Rays on the Heating Element of a Stirling
Engine
Figure 6: CLFR Power Plant
Figure 7: Solar Resource in the US
Figure 8: Solar Resource in Europe and Northern Africa
Figure 9: Solar Resource in China
Figure 10: Power Plant Size: Lowest Costs at 200 MW
Figure 11: Development Potential for Renewable Energies
Figure 12: Annual Electricity Sales by Sector (Billion Kilowatt Hours)
Figure 13: Business as Usual Scenario for Power Generation
Figure 14: Seasonal Correlation of Solar Thermal and CA Grid Demands
Figure 15: Ausra Line Focus Demonstration in Australia
Figure 16: The Solar Two Project in California Uses a Field of Mirrors to Focus Solar Energy onto a
Central Boiler to Produce Steam & Electricity
Figure 17: Future Opportunities for Solar Thermal Power Plant Technology
Figure 18: Single Tower Solar Thermal Plant Structure
Figure 19: Andasol Solar Power Station
Figure 20: PS10 Power Plant
            Figure 21: PS10 Solar Power Plant in the Foreground, with the PS20 in the Background
            Figure 22: Array of Heliostats
            Figure 23: Portions of Four of the Five SEGS III through VII Plants Located at Kramer Junction
            Figure 24: First Three Units of Solnova Two Towers in the Background are the PS10 and PS20 Solar
            Power Stations
            Figure 25: First Commercial Concentrating PS10 Solar Power Tower Operating near the City of
            Seville
            Figure 26: Solar Thermal vs Solar PV
            Figure 27: Solar Thermal Technologies
            Figure 28: Investment in Solar Technologies
            Figure 29: Future Solar Thermal Project by Technology

            Tables

            Table 1: Energy Cost/Delivery via Current CLFR Solar Array Technology
            Table 2: Features of Solar Thermal Power Systems
            Table 3: CSP Components and Raw Materials



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