Childhood of the Rebel Poet: Nazrul by farooqm


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									Kazi Nazrul Islam
            The Childhood

                 Presented at:
Nazrul Symposium at University of Connecticut, Storrs
               September 9, 2006

                   Presented by:
              Mohammad Omar Farooq
    Associate Professor of Economics and Finance
                Upper Iowa University
    “I'm the eternal child,
  the eternal adolescent ”

  “ami chiro-shishu, chiro-kishor”

              A fact:
   Nazrul never had a childhood.

     An assessment by a critic:
He remained a child; never grew up.
          Basic Info

               Birthplace:
    village of Churulia, 24 Parganas,
which is now part of West Bengal, India.

             Birth date:
             May 24, 1899
            Family background
   Father: Kazi Fakir Ahmed, the Imam (the head
    of a mosque) and the custodian of the Haji
    Pahlwan's mazar (a Muslim shrine) in his village

   Mother: Zaheda Khatun

   Siblings: Kazi Shahebjan and Kazi Ali Husain,
    and sister, Umme Kulsum (three surviving out of
    the total of seven sons and two daughters of
    Fakir Ahmed).
               Early hardships
   Nazrul's family was quite poor, and Nazrul was
    often referred to by the locals as Dukhu Mia (the
    hapless one).

   He lost his father in 1908 at the age of nine.

   Family situation forced him to discontinue formal

   At the age of 11, earned his livelihood as a tutor
    at a maktab (elementary religious school),
    muazzin (a caller for prayer at a mosque), and a
    custodian of the village shrine, etc.
        Early cultural exposure
   1911 Joins a 'leto' group (folk musical troupe)
    with the encouragement and help from his uncle,
    Kazi Bazle Karim, a singer-song-writer-composer,
    himself a 'Goda Kobi' (the leading poet) of his

Nazrul succeeded him as the 'Goda'. His talent
impressed many others, including the reputed,
Sheikh Chokor Ali Goda Kobi, who also encouraged
him to develop his leto career. During his 4 years
with leto troupes, along with songs, Nazrul also
wrote scripts for leto dramas, one of his scripts was
based on the Bengali epic poem, Meghnad Badh
(The Slaughter of Meghnad) by Madhusudan Dutt
(1824-1873), another stalwart of Bangla literature.
     The Call of the Open World
   To find ways to support his family, Nazrul left
    home at an early age and his life was varied for a

   At 13, he worked at the household of a railway
    guard and for a while in a bread factory (shop) in
    Asansol, which was also where his literary
    abilities first came to be noted.
        Some formal schooling
   1913-14 Meets Kazi Rafizullah, a police sub-
    inspector, who arranges for Nazrul to study free
    of charge at Darirampur High School in
    Mymensingh. Completes Grade VII, then returns
    to Churulia.

   1915-17 Admitted to Searsol Raj High School in
    Raniganj, Burdwan, in Grade VIII. Kazi Manzoor
    Hussain, a distant relative, helped making the
    arrangements for free schooling and
    accommodation. Studies through Grade X.
             Initiation into the
               musical world

   At Searsol Raj meets Satish Kanjilal, a teacher
    with some mastery in classical music, who
    actively encouraged Nazrul to continue to
    develop his musical talent.
            The beginning of a
            Revolutionary spirit
   Also meets Nibaranchandra Ghatak, a teacher and
    member of an underground revolutionary
    organization committed to go as far as armed
    struggle against the British colonial government.
    Attracted by the thought of utilizing the training
    later for the freedom movement, Nazrul and his
    schoolmate Shailajananda Mukhopadhyaya (the
    latter-day renowned litterateur) decide to join the

   They travel to Calcutta. Nazrul passes the
    recruitment examination, Shailajananda doesn't.
    Nazrul joins the army in the 49th Bangali Paltan.
    Trained in Nawshera, stationed in Karachi.
  The Early Shaping of a
      Sensitive Soul

         [Baby Sparrow; a poem]
Source: Nazrul Rochonaboli, Vol. 3, p. 387
                 Links: Contacts

   Kazi Nazrul Islam Page (keyword: nazrul)

   Personal Homepage (keyword: farooq)

   Genocide 1971 in Bangladesh (East Pakistan)

   Email:

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