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The Presidents

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The Presidents Powered By Docstoc
					Nixon and Vietnam
         • Henry Kissinger-
           Nixon’s National
           Security advisor
         • Vietnamization: Gradual
           withdraw of U.S. troops
           = increased efforts of
           the South Vietnamese
           to fight the war.
         • Continued to bomb
           N.Vietnam as well as
           Laos & Cambodia
     Nixon & Foreign Policy
• New Federalism-
  Distribute a portion
  of Fed. power to
  state and local Gov.
• Détente: easing
  Cold War tensions
• Nixon opened
  foreign policy with
  China and Soviet
  Union by visiting
  them
Nixon’s Southern Strategy
             • Tried to appeal to
               Southern Democrats
               who were unhappy
               w/federal desegregation
               and liberal Supreme
               Court
             • Tried to slow down
               school deseg., voting
               rights and school
               busing
               – Shot down by Congress /
                 Supreme Court
                        Nixon
• “Silent Majority:”
  middle class Americans
  who wanted order
  restored in the U.S.
   – Wiretapping of Dem.
     party officials and Dem.
     party headquarters at the
     Watergate office building
     in D.C.
• Tax audits of antiwar
  and civil rights
  activists.
    Watergate: The President’s Men




•   H.R. Haldeman: Chief of Staff
•   John Ehrlichman: Chief Domestic Adv.
•   John Mitchell: Attorney General
•   John W. Dean III: Presidential Counsel
Watergate
     • Spying on the
       Democratic National
       Party
     • Cover-up in destroying
       all evidence of the
       break-in
     • Bob Woodward and
       Carl Bernstein of the
       Washington Post
       – Received little American
         interest.
                    Watergate
• Senate investigation
• Nixon dismissed his
  “inner circle”
• John Dean testified that
  Nixon was “heavily
  involved in the cover-
  up”
• Presidential aide
  Alexander Butterfield:
  Nixon taped all
  conversations
   – Tapes were key in
     revealing what Nixon
     actually knew
Watergate
     • Vice President Spiro
       Agnew resigned
        – Nixon appointed House
          Minority Leader Gerald
          Ford as the V.P.
     • House Judiciary
       Committee began
       looking into
       impeachment
     • Nixon agreed to release
       “edited tapes”
        – Court wanted unedited
          tapes = Nixon refused
        – Court had enough
          evidence for
          impeachment
     • Tapes finally released
       on Aug. 5, 1974 /
       resigned Aug. 8th
Gerald Ford
      • President Nixon
        resigned, then Vice
        President Spirow
        Agnew resigned.
      • Pardoned Nixon: cost
        him public support
      • Continued discussions
        with the Soviet Union
      • South Vietnam
        surrendered to the
        North in 1975
      • Communist take-over of
        Cambodia
                   Jimmy Carter
• Camp David Accords-
  Israel/Egypt
   – Carter calmed the tension
     between Egypt & Israel.
     Won Nobel Peace Prize.
• Ayatollah Khomeini
   – Muslim leader in Iran that
     led rebels to overthrow the
     shah, & follow strict
     obedience of Qur’an-
     Islam’s holy book.
• Iran Hostage Crisis
   – Proved that Carter didn’t
     have enough experience in
     dealing with foreign policy.
Ronald Reagan
       •   FDR was Reagan’s idol
            – Reagan reduced welfare,
               fought affirmative action
               programs.
       •   Big government was bad.
       •   Military = good
       •   Purpose of foreign policy =
           defeat communism
       •   Slash taxes
       •   $$ to freedom fighters in 3rd
           world countries fighting
           communism
       •   41% increase in defense
           spending
       •   Pledged to build 17,000 new
           nukes
        Reagan: Iran Contra
• Spring 1985
• Israel give Iran
  American weapons
  in exchange for
  American hostages
  in Lebanon
  – U.S. would then
    resupply Israel
  – ***Trading weapons
    for hostages
• NSC Staffer: Oliver
  North
Russian Relations
         • Mikhail Gorbachev: Soviet
           President
            – Wanted to greatly
              improve Soviet relations
              w/the rest of the world
            – Transform the economy
         • INF Treaty: Agreement that
           the U.S. and Soviets would
           destroy 4% of their nuclear
           arsenal
            – 1st time ever that a treaty of this
              magnitude has been put into
              place
            – Allowed monitoring of the
              destruction of the nukes
         • Not a Reagan victory but a
           gift by Gorbachev
Ronald Reagan
       •   Reanganomics- strategy to give
           federal money to big business
           in hopes that it would trickle
           down to society.
       •   Strategic Defense Initiative (Star
           Wars)- a strategy Reagan
           wanted to develop to keep
           Americans safe from enemy
           missiles.
       •   Sandra Day O’Connor- first
           woman appointed into Supreme
           Court.
       •   Mikhail Gorbachev- Gen.
           Secretary of Communist Party
           in S.U.
            – Glasnost- Openness
            – Perestrokia- gov. restructuring
            George H. Bush
• Bush built on Reagan’s
  legacy and promised
  “Read my lips: no new
  taxes” in his
  acceptance speech at
  the Republican
  Convention.
• Saddam Hussein- Iraqi
  dictator
• Norman Schwarzkopf-
  commander in chief
  during Desert Storms.
Slick Willy
      • Health Care Reform:
        Hillary Clinton
      • Reduced Federal deficit
         – Why? = booming
           economy
      • Reformed welfare
      • Impeached but served
        the rest of his term.
      • NAFTA
      • Internet
      • Contract w/America
        “Rocky IV” Questions
1) How is Apollo symbolic of the U.S. after WWII?
2) Apollo’s death is a representation of what?
3) How is Drago’s training a representation of the
   advancement in Soviet technology? Rocky’s
   training is an example that in order for the U.S. to
   overcome the Soviet Union, what did we have to
   do?
4) How is the size/age of Rocky and size / age of
   Drago a representation of the U.S. and Soviet
   Union?

				
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posted:8/23/2012
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