at Indiana dd by benbenzhou



                             AFS Indiana
      Newsletter of the Indiana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society
Volume 10, Issue 2                                                                                           August 2001

                                                                    resources. The Indiana Chapter fall meeting
Prez Sez!          (by Scott Shuler)
                                                                    will be held during the afternoon of
It has been a busy field season once again. I have                  October 23 at the conference. You may
been busy this season and have Stu Shipman and                      attend only the business meeting without
Tim Cwalinski to thank for taking care of AFS                       registering for the conference, but we strongly
business. Stu and Tim took care of mailing out our                  encourage participation in the conference as well.
completed Dam Removal Resolution to numerous
                                                                    Presenters will speak on:
people. Thank you for getting this important task
                                                                       * The roles of natural resource professionals in
completed. We still have to work on our AFS
                                                                       comprehensive planning and zoning
Scholarship plans for the future. Our fall business
meeting will be held in conjunction with the Land
Use Conference to be held October 23rd and 24th.                       * Conservation easements and land trusts
The Indiana Lakes Management Society has                               * Strategies for integration of conservation
approached the AFS about a future joint                                programs to maximize land conservation
conference. I have passed the word around to                           benefits
EXCOM and we agree this would be a good idea.
The plans may not come together for our 2002                           * The real costs of development
spring meeting so we may have to plan ahead for                        * State policies regarding transportation,
the 2003 meeting. We will discuss this item                            energy, and land & water and how they relate to
further at the fall meeting. I hope all of you have                    land use issues
had a successful season. If you have any concerns
regarding AFS issues please contact me and I will
see what I can accomplish.                                                       Inside This Issue
                                                                            1    Prez Sez!

                                                                            1    2001 Fall Meeting

2001 Fall Meeting (by Gwen White)                                           2    CARA
      FALL BUSINESS MEETING TO BE                                           2    Check It Out!
      HELD AT THE GAINING GROUND                                            5    All in a Day’s Work
           LAND USE CONFERENCE                                                   On Deck!
On October 23 & 24 natural resource
                                                                           13    IAFS Resolution on Dam Removal
professionals from all over Indiana will come
together at the Adams Mark Hotel in Indianapolis                           14    IAFS Position Paper on Obsolete Dams
to learn how they can influence land use decisions
at the local level while conserving natural

   Editor: Janel Palla, Lake Michigan Research Station, 100 W. Water St., Michigan City, IN 46360;; 219-
     874-6824. Deadlines for submission of articles: fourth Friday in March; fourth Friday in July; fourth Friday in November
AFS Indiana, August 2001                                                                                  2

Natural resource professionals will share how they    Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks. This is
got involved in land use back home and will           a Governor's cabinet-level position responsible for
explain how to use GIS in community planning for      the administration of fish, wildlife, state parks and
natural resources conservation. There will also be    conservation law enforcement. Williams has also
an opportunity to learn about other land              worked as a professional wildlife biologist in
conservation projects or programs going on in         Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, and North Dakota.
Indiana, and you will get to meet and work with       The International Association of Fish and Wildlife
other natural resource professionals from your area   Agencies regards this nomination with great
to influence land use issues.                         anticipation and pleasure. Steve Williams
    Conference sponsors include the Hoosier           understands how the state Fish and Wildlife
Chapter of the Soil & Water Conservation Society,     Agencies operate and is very familiar with the
Wildlife Society, Indiana Society of American         IAFWA.
Foresters, American Fisheries Society, Purdue
University, Urban Forest Council, Indiana                Latest developments:
Association of Soil & Water Conservation              The Conservation and Reinvestment Act (s.1328)
Districts, Indiana Parks and Recreation               was re-introduced in the U.S. Senate on August 8
Association, Biodiversity Institute, Purdue Land      by Senator Mary Landrieu form Louisiana. This
Use Team, and the Indiana Land Resources              version of CARA passed the U.S. House of
Council.                                              Representatives last year with an overwhelming
    All Indiana AFS members should have received      315-102 vote. Look for more action after the
an informational brochure by mail recently.           August recess that ends after Labor Day.
Registration materials will be mailed in August. If   Betsy Ingle
you have any questions, contact Gwen White at         Teaming With Wildlife Coordinator
(317) 232-4093.                                       402 W. Washington St. W273
                                                      Indianapolis IN 46204
                                                      Phone (317) 233-6487
CARA (by Betsy Ingle)
   The House vote on the Conservation and
Reinvestment Act CARA, H R 701 will likely take       CHECK IT OUT!
place in early fall after the August recess. Since
there are now 235 co-sponsors of CARA in the
House, it should pass easily.                         NOTRE DAME STUDENT CYNTHIA KOLAR
                                                        WINS NATIONAL AFS SCHOLARSHIP
   The Indiana Coalition for Teaming With                                (by Gwen White)
Wildlife reached 200 member groups. Among the
                                                      The J. Frances Allen Scholarship is named after
new members are 34 businesses, including Cinergy
                                                      Dr. J. Frances (Jady) Allen, who was an Assistant
Corp. and the Lake Erie Land Company. The
                                                      Professor of Zoology at the University of Maryland
Coalition urges its members to contact their
                                                      and worked for the National Science Foundation
Representatives to ask them to co-sponsor CARA
                                                      and Federal Water Pollution Control
or to thank them if they are co-sponsors. Indiana
                                                      Administration. Her service to AFS began in
Congress Members that co-sponsor CARA include:
                                                      1958. The award recognizes outstanding early
Representatives Tim Roemer, Mark Souder, Julia
                                                      career development in a woman doctoral student in
Carson and Baron Hill.
                                                      the fisheries profession with a $2,500 award for
                                                      any costs related to the student’s research. This
   Related News:                                      year’s recipient is Cynthia Kolar, a student at the
Steve Williams is President Bush's choice for         University of Notre Dame and Indiana Chapter
Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.       member. The runner-up was Kathleen McGrath of
Since 1995, Williams has been the Secretary of the    the University of Idaho. This national award is
AFS Indiana, August 2001                                                                                                              3

very competitive, representing an excellent group                   These counties are:
of women who are entering the fisheries discipline                  Allen, Brown, Cass, Clinton, Decatur, Fulton,
each year. Congratulations on this recognition and                  Greene, Howard, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson,
achievements to both Cynthia and her major                          Jennings, Kosciusko, LaGrange, Lawrence,
advisor, Dr. David Lodge!                                           Marshall, Miami, Monroe, Montgomery, Newton,
                                                                    Noble, Orange, Parke, Posey, Pulaski, Randolph,
                                                                    Ripley, Scott, Steuben, Sullivan, Wayne, White
PROFESSIONAL DIVERSITY SUPPORTED                                    and Whitley. (List of grant recipients follows.)
                     (by Gwen White)                                The grants continue a 13-year state effort to
Over a year ago, the Indiana Chapter agreed to join                 provide technical and financial assistance to local
a number of AFS subunits by annually contributing                   units of government and organizations to address
$100 to a travel fund administered by the AFS                       soil erosion- and nutrient-related problems
Equal Opportunities Section. The fund provides                      affecting public-access lakes and streams.
grants to encourage student attendance at national
AFS meetings from under represented groups,                         They improve water quality through the
including a variety of cultural backgrounds and                     installation of grass cover, filter strips and
women. This year’s recipients of the $500 grant                     structures (e.g. wetlands) to reduce sedimentation
include Sunit Kumar Singh (India), Paco Garcia de                   and nutrient runoff. They also fund studies to
Leon (Mexico), and Cynthia Kolar (Notre Dame).                      document water-related problems and solutions.
Thanks to the Indiana chapter for continuing to
support this program! Students should be                            Today’s grants bring to 230 the number of projects
encouraged to apply for this award, which has a                     that have been assisted since 1988. Those projects
preference for cultural diversity and women, as                     have enhanced 133 rivers, lakes and streams and
well as for the Skinner Awards, which will support                  65 watersheds in 51 counties, the governor pointed
travel costs up to $500 for any student. Plan now                   out.
to attend next year’s AFS annual meeting in
                                                                    This year’s grants will help fund lake and
                                                                    watershed diagnostic studies, lake and watershed
                                                                    management plans, post-construction monitoring,
                     DNR NEWS                                       engineering feasibility studies, design and
      Indiana Department of Natural Resources                       construction, and land treatment projects.
           402 W. Washington St. W255 B
             Indianapolis, IN 46204-2748
        For immediate release: July 27, 2001                        The grants are supported by $5 from each state-
                                                                    collected annual fee for a boat license. They
    O’Bannon announces $1.1 million
                                                                    supplement local funds. The grants are approved
   to protect water quality, reduce soil                            by the State Soil Conservation Board and
                 erosion                                            administered by the DNR Division of Soil
Governor Frank O’Bannon today announced grants                      Conservation.
totaling $1.1 million to protect the water quality in
Indiana’s lakes and streams and to reduce soil                      Here are the grant recipients, grouped by type of
erosion.                                                            project.

The 30 lake and river enhancement grants will                       Lake diagnostic studies
benefit people in 33 counties throughout the state.                 Steuben County (Lake Gage and Lime Lake):

   Editor: Janel Palla, Lake Michigan Research Station, 100 W. Water St., Michigan City, IN 46360;; 219-
     874-6824. Deadlines for submission of articles: fourth Friday in March; fourth Friday in July; fourth Friday in November
AFS Indiana, August 2001                                                                                  4

$13,500 to help the Lake Gage and Lime Lake            Kosciusko County (Webster/Backwaters Lake and
Association investigate turbidity levels and           Tippecanoe River): $21,600 to Webster Lake
Eurasian watermilfoil colonization of the two          Conservation Association, Inc., to determine the
lakes.                                                 feasibility of constructing a stormwater filter or
                                                       wetland area at the northwest corner of Webster
Post-construction monitoring                           Lake.
Kosciusko County (Lake Tippecanoe): $48,000
to Tippecanoe Environmental Lake and Watershed         Marshall County (Myers Lake): $15,000 to
Foundation to conduct performance appraisals for       Myers Lake Property Owners Association to
four LARE-funded pollutant control projects,           explore the engineering feasibility of pollutant
including the Kuhn Ditch sediment trap/wetland,        management from sites in the 858-acre
Henwood Creek stabilization structures, Indian         Myers/Lawrence Lake watershed.
Creek nutrient/stormwater control basins, and
Hanna B. Walker Drain sediment trap.                   Design studies
                                                       Kosciusko County (Lake Wawasee): $54,000 to
Watershed diagnostic studies                           Wawasee Area Conservancy Foundation to carry
Cass, Fulton, Pulaski, and White Counties              out design work for 1) an enhanced wetland along
(Indian Creek): $42,000 to soil and water              Dillon Creek, 2) a sediment trap in the Bayshore
conservation district to identify environmentally      Channel, 3) check dams along Dillon Creek, and 4)
sensitive areas and determine conservation needs       check dams along Martin Ditch.
of the 71,211-acre watershed.
                                                       Design/construction projects
Jackson County (White Creek): $33,300 to soil          Brown and Monroe Counties (Lake Lemon):
and water conservation district to evaluate the        $59,488 to Lake Lemon Conservancy District to
28,500-acre downstream portion of White Creek          continue ongoing design/construction work related
watershed.                                             to shoreline erosion control.

Jasper and Newton Counties (Curtis Creek):             Kosciusko County (Lake Tippecanoe): $63,750
$36,000 to soil and water conservation district to     to Tippecanoe Environmental Lake and Watershed
develop a database of watershed characteristics and    Foundation to transform a highly erodible 10-acre
priorities for future watershed land treatment         crop field into an approximately five-acre wetland
actions.                                               on Smith Drain with five areas of adjacent grassed
                                                       prairie buffer.
Engineering feasibility studies
Kosciusko County (Little Barbee Lake): $16,200         Aquatic vegetation management plans
to Barbee Lakes Property Owners Association to         Kosciusko County (Webster Lake Chain):
investigate the feasibility of a wetland restoration   $27,495 to Aquatic Control, Inc., to develop a GIS-
adjacent to Putney Ditch.                              based comprehensive aquatic vegetation
                                                       management plan that would be applied to the
Kosciusko County (Webster Lake): $5,400 to             seven lakes within the 50-square mile watershed
Webster Lake Conservation Association, Inc., to        terminating at the Webster Lake dam.
explore the feasibility of retrofitting eleven
stormwater drains in the town of North Webster         Continuing watershed land treatment projects
with some type of pollutant removal filters and to     by county:
                                                            >Allen (St. Joseph and Maumee Rivers) -
prepare design specifications and plans for the             $65,000;
AFS Indiana, August 2001                                                                                                              5

      >Cass, Miami (Twelve Mile Creek) -                            nutrient/pests, and establishment of cover crops
      $50,000;                                                      and filter strips.
      >Clinton (Wildcat Creek) - $38,000;
      >Decatur, Jennings, Ripley (North Fork of                     Posey County (McFadden Creek): $30,000 to soil
      Vernon Fork of Muscatatuck River) -                           and water conservation district to work with
      $50,000;                                                      adjacent landowners to install buffers and filter
      >Howard (Kokomo Creek) - $30,000;                             strips to prevent gully erosion.
      >LaGrange, Noble (Witmer Lake) - $15,000;                     Contact:
      >LaGrange, Steuben (Big and Little Turkey                     Jim Ray
                                                                    Chief, Land & Water Conservation
      Lakes) - $70,000;
                                                                    IDNR Division of Soil Conservation
      >Montgomery, Parke (Lake Waveland) -                          402 W. Washington Street -- Room W265
      $30,000;                                                      Indianapolis, IN 46204-2739
      >Noble, Whitley (Goose and Loon Lakes) -                      (317)233-3871
      >Randolph, Wayne (Middle Fork of East
      Fork of Whitewater River) - $30,000; and
      >Sullivan (Middle Fork of Busseron Creek) -                   All In a Day’s Work
                                                                               BALL STATE UNIVERSITY
New watershed land treatment projects                                   AQUATIC BIOLOGY AND FISHERIES CENTER
Greene, Lawrence, Monroe Counties (Indian                                            (BY TOM LAUER, DIRECTOR)
Creek): $20,000 to soil and water conservation                         Mark Pyron has joined the faculty this summer,
districts to implement conservation practices                       increasing the fisheries staff to three along with
including fencing livestock out of the stream and                   Tom Lauer and Paul Allen. Mark came from Penn
providing alternative water sources, installing                     State - Erie, but has many Midwest ties, including
grassed waterway and grade stabilization                            post docs in fisheries, and family. His
structures, stabilizing stream banks, pasture and                   responsibilities began on the Wabash River in
hayland planting, and rotational grazing to prevent                 May, where he has spent most of the summer
nutrient loading.                                                   collecting fish and habitat data from Delphi to
                                                                    Darwin. This fall he will additionally assume an
Jefferson and Scott Counties (Quick Creek):                         instructional role in introductory biology and
$20,000 to soil and water conservation district to                  ecology courses. Welcome aboard, Mark!!
apply conservation practices to the 6,707-acre                         Ball State has begun an ambitious project on the
watershed flowing into Hardy Lake.                                  Wabash River. We are following in Jim
                                                                    Gammon’s footsteps ( DePauw University) and
Jennings and Ripley Counties (Brush Creek                           trying to make some sense out of the Wabash
Reservoir): $18,000 to soil and water conservation                  River fish community from Delphi downstream to
districts to control erosion and introduction of                    Darwin, approximately 175 river miles. The focus
nutrients into the reservoir from the 9,315-acre                    of the 2001 study is the calculation of IBI, IWB,
watershed.                                                          and QHEI values. The field crew includes seniors
                                                                    Andrea Beier and Kendra Stader, along with junior
Orange County (Lost River Karst Region):                            Leah Rigsby. These students have been introduced
$25,000 to Orange, Washington, and Lawrence                         this summer to the wonders of the Wabash,
work team to stabilize sinkholes, reducing massive                  including working all day in 90 degree heat,
sediment loads through management of residue and                    smelling like dried gizzard shad slime, meeting

   Editor: Janel Palla, Lake Michigan Research Station, 100 W. Water St., Michigan City, IN 46360;; 219-
     874-6824. Deadlines for submission of articles: fourth Friday in March; fourth Friday in July; fourth Friday in November
AFS Indiana, August 2001                                                                                     6

congenial commercial fisherman, and fixing             available on the Internet at:
broken/damaged equipment. Welcome to fisheries 
ladies!!                                               As a result of the workgroup meeting, the section
                                                       is coordinating with other agencies sampling in the
                                                       same general area to collect fish tissue samples.
                                                       The watershed teams are also sending weekly
                                                       emails to other agencies such as IDNR and
                                                       universities indicating the date of possible
                                                       sampling locations.
                                                           The Assessment Information Management
                                                       System (AIMS), a database development project, is
                                                       beginning to make progress with the biological
                                                       data which was housed in separate databases on
                                                       personal computers. Macroinvertebrate data have
                                                       been imported and fish community data are in the
                                                       process of migration. Fish tissue, sediment, and
                                                       lake data will be worked on next.
             Andrea Beier on the Wabash River.             Our section has seen many staffing additions
                  She just loves her work!!            and changes over the past few months. We now
                (Ball State University Photo)
                                                       have three 180 day positions filled by Stacey Durr,
                                                       David Stahl, and Carl Wodrich. We also have
   The Lake Michigan yellow perch project              Kristen Kincaid from the Watershed Management
continues on! The good news is that the perch are      Section to help process lake samples collected
growing fast and getting real big. Lots of 12-14       during the summer of 2001. Three general
inch fish to be had for the anglers if they can find   summer assistants, Caron Hamilton, Wesley Ket,
them. The bad news is that a high density of           and Laura Spieth, have been helping collect
alewives is again showing up in 2001, placing          macroinvertebrates, sediment, and fish tissue
strong yellow perch recruitment in jeopardy. New       during the field season this year. We have really
grad students Holly Truemper and Jason Doll are        appreciated their help in processing laboratory
working this summer on the lake along with senior      samples and fieldwork!
Nicholas Phillips.                                         The Biological Studies Section is continuing the
   Tom McComish continues his retirement, but          Surface Water Quality Monitoring Strategy by
pops in with some regularity to check on things        sampling in the West Fork and Lower White River
and offer advise. Tom will be attending the AFS        and Patoka River Basins for the summer of 2001.
meeting in Phoenix this August. If you are going,      The objective of the “Strategy” is to assess the
look for him as he will be sure to buy you a beer.     water quality of the state for designated uses by
                                                       measuring the physical, chemical, bacteriological,
                                                       and biological properties of the aquatic
         BIOLOGICAL STUDIES SECTION                    environment. For more information on the
          OFFICE OF W ATER QUALITY                     “Strategy”, see our web site at:
                MANAGEMENT                                The goal for this year is 30 sites in the Patoka
                  (BY STACEY SOBAT)
                                                       River Basin and 42 sites in the West Fork of the
   Since the April Newsletter, we have been very       White River. On July 2, the watershed sampling
busy entering 2000 data and preparing for the field    teams began to sample the White River Basin.
season. On May 1, staff presented the 2001 Fish        Sampling in the Patoka River Basin will begin
Community Sampling Plans to the Interagency Fish       during the last week of July. For more details on
Sampling Workgroup. A map and list of sites is
AFS Indiana, August 2001                                                                                                              7

the Biological Studies Section activities, visit our
updated web site at:

                     (BY MIKE LITWIN)
   In June, the US Fish and Wildlife Service
participated with Frank Veraldi of the US Army
Corps of Engineers’ Chicago District and Nathan
Brindza of IDNR in a reconnaissance fish survey of
Kankakee River backwater areas. The purpose of
the survey was to assess the fish community quality
of backwater areas and investigate the feasibility of                             31-lb. Carp from the St. Joseph River
                                                                                             (Joe Foy photo).
reconnecting some backwaters to the main channel
(or expanding existing connections) to enhance
overall habitat of the river system. Some of the
backwater areas appear to support diverse fish
communities under current circumstances, however
their water supply is strongly affected by rainfall
patterns and river levels.

                CITY OF ELKHART
                       (BY JOE FOY)
   All is going well in Northern Indiana. We are
very close to completing our first year of sampling
in both Elkhart and St. Joseph counties. In case                                9.75-lb. Walleye from the St. Joseph River
you haven't heard, the City of South Bend entered                                             (Joe Foy photo).
into an inter-local agreement with Elkhart to have
Elkhart sample and report on the fish and fish
communities in the rivers and streams around                                       INDIANA DEPARTMENT
South Bend. This sampling has presented some                                      OF NATURAL RESOURCES
unique challenges, but has gone very smoothly                                  DIVISION OF FISH AND W ILDLIFE
thanks to a dedicated group of college interns.
   We have found that the small streams around                                  FISH MANAGEMENT DISTRICT 4
South Bend are not as diverse as our tributaries,                                (BY ED BRAUN AND DAVE KITTAKA)
but they do grow bigger fish in the St. Joseph                         It has been a busy year. As of today (July 29)
River! We have collected a 31 lb. carp, 14 lb.                      Dave and Sharon are waiting for their third child.
northern pike, and a 9.75 lb. walleye in the St. Joe                Due July 30. Sharon has been keeping Dave on a
county stretch of the river.                                        short leash.
   See you at the fall meeting!                                        In May we did bass population estimates on
                                                                    Hominy Ridge Lake (Salamonie State Forest) and
                                                                    Blue Lake in Whitley County. The Blue Lake
                                                                    estimate was 22 per acre with a lot of bass in the

   Editor: Janel Palla, Lake Michigan Research Station, 100 W. Water St., Michigan City, IN 46360;; 219-
     874-6824. Deadlines for submission of articles: fourth Friday in March; fourth Friday in July; fourth Friday in November
AFS Indiana, August 2001                                                                                               8

14-16 inch range. The Hominy Ridge Lake                     I hope some of you got the chance to join Dr.
estimate was 61 per acre. Only 19 legal size bass        Jenkins.
were collected (up to 21.6 inches). We did
however pick up over a dozen of the grass carp.
They grew. Grass carp were stocked in 1986 and
    In June we went back to Hominy Ridge Lake to
do bluegill and redear population estimates. The
weather didn’t cooperate very well. The water
cooled off and the bluegill moved off the beds.
After three weeks of effort the standard error of the
bluegill estimate was still at 21%. The estimate
was 1896 per acre. Redear estimate was 224 per
acre (16% standard error).
    Center Lake in the city of Warsaw was treated
with Sonar in the fall of 1996. In 1997 the
Eurasian watermilfoil was gone. In 1998 the
EWM was back. The Center Lake Association
signed a three year contract with EnviroScience to               Grass carp from Hominy Ridge Lake, May 2001
stock the weevils. In 2000, the weevils were                                    (Ed Braun photo).
stocked too late to evaluate any impact.
EnviroScience was back this June and could not
find any weevils. EWM was also hard to find, but
probably not from weevils. EWM was
mysteriously very late in most lakes this year. We
did a general survey to see if the fish population
had changed any. The bluegill and bass looked
very good and the northern pike catch was 2 per
net lift.
    A new access site was constructed on Goose
Lake in Whitley County last year so we did a
survey to see what the fish population looked like.
Bill Gulish used Goose as one of his study lakes in
the early 1970's. It’s reputation for big bluegill and
                                                               Naturalist aide Chris Dixon with 26 lb. flathead from
redear is well deserved.                                            Huntington Reservoir (Ed Braun photo).
    A survey of J.E. Roush Lake (Huntington
Reservoir) in July was interesting. The hot dry
weather and little flow let the algae bloom. The            Esocid Technical Committee Summer Meeting
water was dark green with a secchi of 14 inches.            Kemp Natural Resources Station, Woodruff, WI
Dissolved oxygen at 14 feet was 2.5 ppm. We                               July 10-11, 2001
collected no adult shad until the last day at the
                                                           Northern Pike Winter Creel Analysis, Dan
upper end. YOY shad were everywhere. No                    Isermann, South Dakota State Univ. East 81
shortage of drum, quillback, carp, goldfish, channel       Slough is 1400+ acres with limited boat access.
catfish, white crappie or white bass either. The           Species present include yellow perch, bullheads
surprise was how a 26 lb. flathead managed to get          and northern pike. High water created these lakes
all the way into the pot of a trap-net. We also            about 10 years ago. There is no outlet. The creel
                                                           ran Dec. 2000-March 2001. It was a stratified
found 4 walleye.                                           random roving creel design. Weekends and
                                                           weekdays were kept separate. Seven shifts per
AFS Indiana, August 2001                                                                                                             9

  week. Anglers were classified as shack or open                      which genetic stock of musky performs best in
  ice. Opportunistically measured NOP and removed                     Illinois. The study will include hatchery
  cleithra. 750 interviews were conducted. 15%                        performance and long term survival. Missouri has
  were targeting NOP, most were after YEP. 168                        expressed interest in cooperating. If other states
  NOP were caught, 106 were harvested. 21-24 inch                     join the venture the study may be expanded.
  NOP were acceptable to anglers.
                                                                      Problems with NOP Tracking, Ed Braun, Indiana
  Using Barrier Nets to Prevent Stocked Muskies                       DNR. I presented Tim’s NOP tracking data from
  from Leaving Impoundments in Illinois, Steve Pallo,                 Chapman and Pretty Lakes this past spring (see
  Illinois DNR. Most muskies leave Illinois                           Tim’s entry). The consensus was that Tim missed
  impoundments at 28-35 inches. Illinois believes                     the spawn. Pallo stated that in Illinois, the pike
  this migration has seriously limited the number of                  spawned within three days after ice out but they
  trophy musky in their lakes. Kincaid Lake                           picked up adult pike with eggs as late as early
  permanent barrier made of 2 inch bars on 6 inch                     June. Wisconsin and Minnesota agreed that this
  spacing. Barrier height is 27 inches. Some water                    year spawning occurred early and in a short time
  supply lakes use temporary nets. Heavy duty                         frame. Spot lighting at night should have begun
  plastic, 1 to 1 ½ inch mesh. Local park personnel                   immediately at ice out.
  do monitoring and trash removal.
                                                                      NOP fry are very photo positive up to about 55 mm.
  Illinois stocks 9-10 inch pellet reared/forage finished             Light traps set in nursery areas can be used to
  fingerlings at 1 per acre.                                          confirm successful reproduction.

  Protecting Esocid Habitats Through Regulation of                 Ed’s Note: The fishing was great, the catching-maybe
  Erosion Control Structures, Paul Cunningham,                     next year.
  Wisconsin DNR. Wisconsin is developing
  administrative rules regulating shoreline protection.
  They are working on a matrix based on wave
                                                                          NORTH REGION FISHERIES RESEARCH
  height. Bulkhead seawalls would be almost                                             (BY TIM CWALINSKI)
  impossible to get approved. Rip-rap (glacial stone                  The sixth year of field sampling was completed
  in Indiana) is not desirable either. First preference            earlier this year on our four study lakes at Tri-
  is vegetation.                                                   County FWA. This study continues to examine the
                                                                   18-inch size/2 fish creel limit on largemouth bass
  Changes in Stocking Strategy among Esocids in
  Wisconsin, Tim Simonson, Wisconsin DNR. 700+                     and its overall effects on density and size structure
  muskie waters in Wis. Twenty creels per year,                    of predator and prey. The extensive mark and
  about 7 year rotation.                                           recapture sessions this year again proved that bass
                                                                   18-inches and larger have not increased or
  A1 waters (natural reproduction)                                 surpassed our target number. Densities of bass 14-
           catch/hr.=.04                                           18 inches have fluctuated widely among the lakes
                                                                   and among years within each lake. There has been
  A2 waters (stocked but some natural reproduction)                a general increase however in this size grouping of
           catch per hour=.05                                      bass. Significant changes in bass and bluegill
           harvest per hour=.0015                                  growth in relation to bass density changes have yet
                                                                   to be examined. One year remains on this project.
  Starting a 10 year study on A2 lakes, 1/3 no                     Partial results of this study will be presented at the
  stocking, 1/3 stocked at 0.5/acre alternate years,               AFS North Central Division Centrarchid Technical
  1/3 stocked at 1/acre alternate years. Current
  stocking rates are based on history of a particular
                                                                   meeting this month in Wisconsin.
  lake with no reason and no science. Total hatchery                  The walleye regulation field studies which
  production will remain unchanged.                                began in 1995 are completed and are pending
                                                                   summarization. There is also a lot of catch
  “Green Gene” genetic project, Steve Pallo, Illinois              statistics to analyze with this project (i.e. - 4 lakes,
  DNR. Illinois is proposing a genetic study to identify
                                                                   1995-2001, gill nets/electrofishing, growth, year

  Editor: Janel Palla, Lake Michigan Research Station, 100 W. Water St., Michigan City, IN 46360;; 219-
    874-6824. Deadlines for submission of articles: fourth Friday in March; fourth Friday in July; fourth Friday in November
AFS Indiana, August 2001                                                                                    10

class variability, harvest, angler opinions, etc etc).   Broad Ripple. Of course, there are several county
    The winter and spring field ultrasonic tracking      picnic/fishing sites along there, plus biking/
of northern pike was summarized in the April 2001        walking trails. It looks like it is (and has been) an
newsletter. I am currently working on the                underutilized resource for fishing, compared to the
summarization of this data. It was relatively easy       East Fork.
to incorporate the seasonal and daily (multiple             Now that the West Fork White R. fish kill is not
times) location coordinates into the mapping             taking up all of my time, I am tying up the project
software. The tough part has been trying to              report for the Dove Hollow Lake bass project. I
separate the data into meaningful segments (i.e.-        am also working on the Fisheries Info System creel
post/pre spawn). The night tracking (typically dusk      survey project, which will establish some standards
to midnight) proved to be the most interesting with      for our angler surveys. It is also intended to lay the
fish acting out of “daytime character”. The              ground work for creating a statewide database for
literature proved to be accurate here. However,          angler surveys.
there is conflicting views on water temperature at
time of spawning. We did not see any of our fish                   FISH MANAGEMENT DISTRICT 7
(or any others) in shallow in the act of spawning or               (BY DAN CARNAHAN AND TOM LANG)
closely associated with other fish or even spawning         This summer has been keeping me pretty busy.
vegetation. That is not to say that we didn’t see        Besides all the fish work I now have two
plenty of our study fish in shallow. We did. Ed          daughters, Hannah and Emily, to help take care of
Braun recently opened up the discussion regarding        that were born on June 16. Fish management
this project to other professionals at the AFSNCD        surveys have been conducted at Patoka Lake,
Esocid Technical committee meeting in Wisconsin.         Scales Lake, Prides Creek Lake, Old Holland
In his summary, the general consensus was that we        Lake, Lincoln Lake, and Loon, Blue Grass, and
simply missed the spawning season under the late-        Otter pits at Blue Grass Fish and Wildlife Area. A
ice this year. There was a period of bad ice for a       largemouth bass population estimate was also
couple weeks in February and early March when            conducted at Ferdinand State Forest Lake.
the lakes were inaccessible. However, we trapped            The largemouth bass electrofishing catch rate at
numerous ripe, free flowing females in Big               Patoka Lake was 194 per hour, which was high
Chapman Lake on March 22. Any ideas out there?           compared to the average catch rate of 120 per hour
    Stu continues his struggles with the                 over the last four years. The catch rate for
development of the fish information system. His          largemouth bass measuring at least 15 inches was
job duties as secretary-treasurer of the AFS             31 per hour which was up from 11 last year.
Computer User section will be terminating,                  Angler creel surveys are ongoing at Scales Lake
however, he is now president-elect. My duties            and Hovey Lake. Scales Lake has been producing
continue as IAFS secretary-treasurer. NLR                some dandy bluegill and redear sunfish, while
employees this summer are also involved with:            Hovey Lake seems to be the catfishing capitol of
Huntington Reservoir sampling, Killbuck Creek            southwest Indiana.
sampling, and a survey at Indiana Lake which will
have modified cisco sampling effort.
                                                                     LAKE MICHIGAN FISHERIES
                                                                       RESEARCH STATION
                                                                     (BY JOE EXL AND JANEL PALLA)
      SOUTH REGION FISHERIES RESEARCH                       The Lake Michigan office is back to full-staff
                    (BY BOB BALL)                        with the addition of Joe Exl in the Property
    Dave and I finished a float trip on West Fork        Manager 4 position. Joe began with the Lake
White R. in late July intended to facilitate our         Michigan office as our naturalist aide back in
plans for a creel survey in 2002. We found very          1995, shortly thereafter becoming a permanent
little fishing, or even boats and docks along the        employee as the deckhand. After a short leave of
river from Noblesville to Sandy Point just above         absence with the Fish and Wildlife Service as a
AFS Indiana, August 2001                                                                                                         11

Fisheries Biologist from May 2000 to April 2001,                    practice our chainsaw skills removing a major log
Joe returned to the station.                                        jam that anglers were using to access the opposite
    Field season is well underway here on the big                   stream bank downstream of the Robert Peo Public
pond. The spring predator assessment saw a                          Access, on a private landowners property. Angler
significant increase in Lake Trout catches                          garbage continues to be a nuisance at the hopeful
compared to those last season. Lake Whitefish                       Old Johnson Road Public Access. Got to love
catches were also quite high. A total of 69 Lake                    those anglers.
Trout were processed by the end of the spring
collection. The crew will be targeting Lakers again
this fall off of historical spawning grounds
including Michiana Reef the submerged break wall
at the Port of Indiana.
    Stream surveys utilizing the new stream
assessment methodology (developed by the IDNR
Lake and Reservoirs Work Group) began toward
the middle of July along various points on Trail
Creek. These streams were last sampled in 1976
by Neil Ledet. Utilizing the new methods, we are
revisiting many of Neil’s old sites and tacking on a                             Steelhead smolt collected from the West
                                                                                  Branch of Trail Creek, LaPorte County,
few extras. Luckily, no Roundnose Gobies have                                    on August 9, 2001 (Brian Breidert photo).
been collected in the upper reaches of the East and
West Branches of Trail. A strong benthic fish
community still exists in many stretches with
Slimy Sculpins dominating the catches by number                                           ON DECK!
and even weight! Also very encouraging, are the
few stretches where apparent natural steelhead
reproduction is occurring. Several smolts have
been collected in upstream locations with mixed                                  August 19-23, 2001
sand and gravel beds with healthy riparian zones.                           131 American Fisheries Society
These beautifully marked fish have ranged from                                     Annual Meeting
anywhere between 2 ½ and nearly 5 inches in                                       Phoenix, Arizona
length (see photo). Sedimentation seems to be the                  
largest threat to the Trail Creek system. Unstable
beds of sand threaten to fill the few deep pools
along the stream. Without the downstream scour
holes created by log jams, many portions would be                                  October 23-24, 2001
one giant riffle/run. By the end of the surveys, we                                 Gaining Ground:
hope to indicate stretches that need protection or                          Natural Resource Professionals
areas that would benefit from habitat work.                                  Exploring Land Use Solutions
    Janel, Brian, and myself continue to fill in free                          Airport Adams Mark Hotel
time (yeah right) with meetings, the creel program,                               Indianapolis, Indiana
filling other agency data requests, and public
access issues. The Chustak property on Salt Creek                                         Sponsors:
is now fully operational with sign postings and a                   Hoosier Chapter of the Soil and Water
new 2,000 foot plus barb wire fence in place. Joe,                  Conservation Society;
along with the naturalist aide and laborer got to                   Wildlife Society;

   Editor: Janel Palla, Lake Michigan Research Station, 100 W. Water St., Michigan City, IN 46360;; 219-
     874-6824. Deadlines for submission of articles: fourth Friday in March; fourth Friday in July; fourth Friday in November

Indiana Society of American Foresters;                             October 23, 2001
American Fisheries Society;                           Fall Meeting of the Indiana Chapter of the
Purdue University;
                                                             American Fisheries Society
           Other Sponsoring Organizations:                    Airport Adams Mark Hotel
Urban Forest Council;                                            Indianapolis, Indiana
Indiana Association of Soil and Water
Conservation Districts;                              The Indiana Chapter fall meeting will be held during
Indiana Parks and Recreation Association;            the afternoon of October 23 at the Gaining Ground
The Biodiversity Initiative;                         conference. You may attend only the business
Purdue Land Use Team;                                meeting without registering for the conference, but you
Indiana Land Resources Council;                      are strongly encouraged to participate in the
                                                     conference as well.
This conference will bring together natural
resource / environmental professionals from a
wide array of organizations and fields to
discover the varied roles they can play in land                  December 9-12, 2001
use decision making in their communities.                   63 rd Midwest Fish and Wildlife
This is the first time in Indiana history that all
these sponsoring organizations have ever
attempted to meet together under one roof.                           Marriott Hotel
Look for your registration packet in August.                       Des Moines, Iowa
For more information about the conference,
contact:                                                     Sponsors: Iowa Department of Natural
                         Gwen White                          Resources and Iowa State University
                          Conference theme: TRANSITIONS IN THE
                                                               CONSERVATION LANDSCAPE

                                                                     Conference website:

                                            American Fisheries Society
                                                Indiana Chapter
                                             North Central Division


Whereas, some Indiana dams were and still are an important feature and focal point for many Indiana
communities; and

Whereas, some dams are obsolete, structurally unsafe, uneconomical to maintain, have surpassed their design
life and no longer serve the intended purpose for which they were constructed; and

Whereas, some dams on rivers restrict the movement, distribution and exchange of genetic material of fish
and other aquatic organisms; and

Whereas, some dams have deleterious effects on the physical, chemical and biological aspects of water
quality; and

Whereas, removal or breaching of some dams has proven to be an effective means of restoring river and
stream ecosystems; and

Whereas, dam removal in Indiana continues to be overlooked as a significant river and watershed restoration
tool; and

Whereas, expenditures for removal of privately owned dams is often prohibitive and federal and state cost
share programs are not available.

Be It Resolved, the Indiana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society supports the selective removal of dams
that no longer serve a useful purpose and where the costs, including environmental and social costs, outweigh
the benefits of maintaining particular dams.

Indiana AFS further supports the development and funding of a river restoration initiative administered by
the Indiana Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) that uses a scientific approach, promotes watershed
management, considers economic, social and environmental issues as well as public safety, encourages public
participation, and includes a cost share program to assist with either fish passage or dam removal of privately
and publicly owned dams.

Be it further resolved that the IDNR and the American Fisheries Society (Parent Society) are encouraged to
develop comprehensive policy statements regarding the removal of dams where ecosystem restoration is

Approved by the membership at the annual business meeting March 1, 2001.

   Editor: Janel Palla, Lake Michigan Research Station, 100 W. Water St., Michigan City, IN 46360;; 219-
     874-6824. Deadlines for submission of articles: fourth Friday in March; fourth Friday in July; fourth Friday in November
Indiana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society                                                                      14
Position Paper on Obsolete Dams in Rivers and Streams of the State
Approved March 1, 2001 at the annual business meeting

Over the past 100 years, the United States led the world in building dams to harness rivers for a variety of
purposes including recreation, hydropower, irrigation, flood control and water storage. The US Army Corps
of Engineers has cataloged approximately 75,000 dams, greater than six feet tall, along the waterways of the
United States (table 1). The Association of State Dam Safety Officials (ASDSO) estimated that it would take
over $40 billion nationally to bring unsafe dams up to present safety standards. Tens of thousands of smaller
dams impound our rivers across the country. Few human actions have more significant impacts on a river
system than the presence of a dam (Dam Removal Success Stories, 1999). Furthermore, most of these dams
are owned by private individuals or companies (table 2).

Table 1. Listed purposes of dams in the U.S. Army Corps of   Table 2. Ownership of dams in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Engineers national inventory.                                national inventory.

        Purpose            Number         Percentage                    Owner                   Percentage

 Recreation                23,185             31.3            Private                               58

 Fire & farm ponds         12,557             17.0            Local government                      17

 Flood control             10,801             14.6            Undetermined                          15

 Irrigation                10,176             13.7            State government                       5

 Water supply               7,226             9.8             Federal government                     3

 Tailings & other           5,967             8.1             Public utility                         2

 Hydroelectric              2,166             2.9

 Undetermined               1,732             2.3

 Navigation                  243              0.3

Indiana contains over 1,200 dams which fall under IC 14-27-7 (Dams, Dikes, and Levees; Regulation) that
requires the Department of Natural Resources (IDNR), Division of Water to make an engineering inspection
every 2 years to evaluate dam safety and sets a course of action for unsafe dams. Of these 1,200 dams, 70 are
owned by the IDNR of which 32 have been identified with safety issues. Recent legislative action provided
$10 million just for the engineering studies required to bring only the IDNR owned dams up to safety
standards. Additional appropriations will be required to repair or remove these IDNR owned dams. The
Division of Water believes there are probably 1,000 more dams that are not regulated by IDNR, some of which
are over 100 years old and in poor condition. Many of these old dams are privately owned and do not present
a high downstream hazard since the flood wave from an uncontrolled breach would not exceed past historic
flood levels, although they do impact the stream’s ecology by changing the character of the stream and
blocking fish passage.

Under Public Law 566, 127 earthen dams in 33 small watersheds were constructed in Indiana. Over the next
10-15 years, 30 of these structures will reach the end of their 50 year design life. Additionally, thirty-nine
dams, that were originally built to protect agricultural lands, now have homes and buildings in the floodway
thus increasing their hazard rating. The Federal government has authorized a cost share program at 65% of
total cost to upgrade these dams to meet present safety standards, although no funds have been appropriated.
Indiana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society                                                                                15
Position Paper on Obsolete Dams in Rivers and Streams of the State
Approved March 1, 2001 at the annual business meeting

The 1996 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation estimated that a quarter
million anglers fished on Indiana streams for almost 3 million angler days. The Indiana Division of Fish and
Wildlife’s strategic plan on rivers and streams presented the following management philosophy: “A stream
is equal to the sum total of its watershed. Effective stream management, protection or restoration is dependent
upon a watershed approach that includes participation from all stakeholders within that watershed.” One of
the strategies outlined in this strategic plan calls for the creation and prioritization of a list of dams that could
be removed to enhance degraded stream habitats.

Repair, including accommodations for fish passage, or removal of dams on streams is a major undertaking
that requires both state and federal partnerships with dam owners for successful implementation. The intent
of this resolution is to foster a climate of cooperation where all parties can voice their concerns and reach
consensus on the economic, social and ecological values of dams on rivers and streams. Obstacles to dam
removal include riparian owners concerns about the loss of value at their lakeside property, concerns over the
release of accumulated sediments and associated contaminants they may contain, and concerns over the
general appearance of the river without the dam. Proponents of dam removal will point to the improved
environment for aquatic organisms as well as overall stream ecology. Bottom line for both sides is who will
pay to insure that dams are safe and that fish passage and dam removal are given ample consideration as
stream restoration projects move forward.

   Editor: Janel Palla, Lake Michigan Research Station, 100 W. Water St., Michigan City, IN 46360;; 219-
     874-6824. Deadlines for submission of articles: fourth Friday in March; fourth Friday in July; fourth Friday in November

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