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					VISION 2020
WHAT?
   Global initiative for the elimination of
    avoidable blindness, launched jointly
    by the World Health Organization
    (WHO) and the International Agency
    for the Prevention of Blindness
    (IAPB) in 1999 with an international
    membership of NGOs, professional
    associations, eye care institutions
    and corporations.

    VISION 2020 member organisations
    are working together to eliminate
    avoidable blindness, to give everyone
    in the world the Right to Sight.
    WHY?? SCENARIO
   161 million people are visually impaired
       37 million blind,124 million low vision(2002 WHO;
        refractive error not included)
   314 million people are visually impaired
       45 million blind (2006 WHO; included visual
        impairment due to uncorrected refractive errors)
   Every year 1-2 million people go blind
   One person goes blind every 5 seconds and
    One child goes blind every minute
   Without proper interventions 76 million
    people could be blind by year 2020
   Yet 75% of blindness is avoidable
AVOIDABLE BLINDNESS
   Defined as blindness which could be either treated or
    prevented by known, cost-effective methods.

   VISION 2020 seeks to address the main causes of avoidable
    blindness, in order to have the greatest possible impact on
    vision loss worldwide
               Cataract

               Trachoma

               Onchocerciasis

               Childhood blindness

               Refractive error

               Low vision

               Glaucoma

               Diabetic retinopathy
VISION
            A world in which no one is needlessly blind
             and where those with unavoidable vision
             loss can achieve their full potential.

            eliminate the main causes of avoidable
             blindness by the year 2020

            to prevent the projected doubling of
             avoidable visual impairment between 1990
             and 2020.

            intends to strengthen national health-care
             systems and facilitate national capacity-
HOW???
   Facilitating the planning, development and
    implementation of sustainable national eye care
    programmes based on the 3 core strategies:

   1. disease control,
   2. human resource development and
   3. infrastructure and technology,
   incorporating the principles of primary health care.
MODUS OPERANDI
        WORLD SIGHT DAY(WSD)

   World Sight Day (WSD) is an annual day of awareness held on the
    second Thursday of October, to focus global attention on blindness and
    vision impairment.



   On World Sight Day, VISION 2020 members work together to:
      Raise public awareness of blindness

      Influence Governments/Ministers of Health in developing countries

      Educate target audiences
   World Sight Day 2008 (WSD08) focuses on the
    ageing eye, and vision impairment in older people.



   The headline ”Eyes on the Future-fighting vision
    impairment in later life” recognizes that in a
    world where populations are aging, and individuals
    are living longer, blindness from chronic conditions is
    also rising.
THE INDIAN SCENARIO
    estimated 12 million blind people in the country.
     90% of the blind live in Rural Areas.
    (increase in life expectancy + projected
          increase in country population)



     likely to rise the blind to more than 18 million by
     the year 2020 as per current trends.
    Blindness-mainly a problem of developing
     countries like ours, but a problem, which could be
     avoided in up to 80% of cases.
o  Established in 2004, Vision 2020 India, is a National
confederate Body to strengthen the implementation of the
Vision 2020 activities in alignment to national objectives and
targets and thus contribute to the elimination of avoidable
blindness


   to have an India free of avoidable blindness, where every citizen

   enjoys the gift of sight and the visually challenged have enhanced
    quality of life as a right.
NEED FOR THE INDIAN
INITIATIVE
   Vision for Vast Indian Population
   Incremental reduction of the burden of
   Avoidable Blindness - 75%
   Social Responsibility
   Imbalance and Inadequacy in Service –
   Urban & Rural
   Overcoming obstacles in Outreach
   Necessity of Human Right / Dignity
INITIATIVES
   Facilitation of State Action Plans
   Advocacy & Information Sharing
        –Interface with Policy makers/Politicians
        –Development of XI Five Year Plan for the
    National Program
        –Celebrating World Sight Day as National Event
   Capacity Building of member organizations
                – Consultation
                – Regional Workshops / Seminars
                – Networking
   Development of Long Range Strategic Plan to achieve
    the objective of VISION 2020
   Brand Ambassador – Mrs. Hema Malini
ACHIEVEMENTS
   Since its launch, more than 100 Member
    States have been directly involved in the
    activities of VISION 2020.

   Impressive successes in the prevention of
    blindness (for example in Gambia, India,
    Morocco, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka and
    Thailand) testify to the commitment of local
    VISION 2020 partners and demonstrate the
    impact and potential of this global initiative
CHALLENGES
   Initiative does not operate in a static environment.

   More accurate estimates can be made of the extent
    of the problem and the patterns of causes in different
    countries and regions, adding to the agenda of
    VISION 2020.

   Prevalence of non-communicable chronic eye
    diseases continues to grow substantially

   Disparities in the allocation and availability of human
    and financial resources.
THANK YOU!

				
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posted:8/22/2012
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