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					Person - Centered Planning


    What is it?
  How is it done?


   Paddi Davies

         .
Person-Centered Planning
(aka PCP)


  A process that
     promotes
      positive
     outcomes!
What is Person-Centered Planning?
Dr. Beth Mount, 1991

 Works to support the contribution of each person in
  local community life

 Finds and develops the gifts, strengths and talents of
  each person

 Develops a vision that expresses these gifts

 Builds a support group to make these ideals happen

 Builds a community network of acceptance

 Changes services to be more responsive to the
  interests of people
Most Popular PCP Tools
 Personal Futures Planning (Beth Mount)
 PATH - Planning Alternative Tomorrows with Hope
  (Pearpoint, O’Brien, and Forest, 1993)
 Essential Life Planning - (Michael Smull)
 MAPS - McGill Action Planning System (Forest & Lusthaus,
  1990)
 COACH- Choosing Outcomes and Accommodations for
  Children: A Guide to Educational Planning for Students with
  Disabilities (Michael Giangreco et. al.)
 GAP – Group Action Planning (Turnbull & Turnbull, 1992)
 VISTA - Vermont Interdependent Services Team Approach
  (Giangreco, 1996)
Personal Futures Planning
A tool for transition
   planning

Creates a personal
  profile to discover
  strengths &
  capacities

Creates a positive
  vision of the future
The Meeting Framework
1. Exploring Commitment: Planning the Meeting
      Who should be involved?
      Which profiles should be done?
2. Discovering Opportunities: Completing the
   Profiles
3. Finding New Directions through Planning
      Build a plan
      Make commitments to action
4. Taking Action
      Reflect on action
      Discover next steps
Some of the Types of Profiles
   History/Background
   Relationships
   Preferences (What Works/What Doesn’t)
   Places in Life
   Dreams, Hopes & Fears
   Who is this Person?
   Likes/Dislikes
   Communication System
   5 & 1 year goals
   Supports or Accommodations needed
   Choices
   Other things parents/guardians/school team would like
    included
Relationship Map
Purpose: To illustrate personal support, assistance,
   & opportunities to build friendships.

Illustrates:
1. The most important people in the focus person’s
    life
2. People interested in planning together over time
3. People who may be able to provide personal
    support
4. Opportunities for building relationships
5. Identifying communication partners

Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
                       Relationship Map

  Friends                                  Family




                       Service Providers
Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
History or Background Map
Purpose: To understand the life experience of the
   focus person and his or her family.

Illustrates:
1. Positive experiences form the past to build on;
2. Appreciation of traumas, loss & grief in life
3. Celebration of accomplishments




Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
               History/Background Map

Born!                  Good times/
                        milestones
                                                      Crisis/
                                                     Problems




    Crisis/
   Problems
                                                  Good times/
                                                   milestones
              Good times/
               milestones

                                      Crisis/
                                     Problems


                                                Good times/
   Crisis/                                       milestones
  Problems                                                      Good times/
                                                                 milestones

                     Good times/
                      milestones
                                                                Now!
Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
Personal Preferences
Purpose: To discover personal preferences, gifts
   & interests, as well as conditions to avoid.

Illustrates:
1. Patterns in the gifts, potential, interests, and
    unique contributions of the person.
2. Patterns in the conditions that block or
    challenge development of opportunities to
    build on in the future.


Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
                        Personal Preferences
     Things that work!                     Things that don’t work
 (create interest, aliveness, engagement   (create boredom, upset, depression,
                   motivation)                           frustration)




Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
Places Map
Purpose: To describe the pattern of daily life to
   help illustrate how the focus person spends
   his or her time.

Illustrates: The amount of time the person
    spends in the community compared to the
    amount of time spent in segregated settings.




Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
                       Places Map

Community Life




                                          World of
                                    Human Services
Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
Hopes & Fears Map

Purpose: To explore both the personal hopes and
   the fears about the future through the eyes of
   the focus person.

Illustrates:
1. The experiences the person wants to have
2. How people feel about the opportunities &
    obstacles they see to making things happen
3. How the hopes compare to the fears they
    have

Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
                     Hopes & Fears Map

Hopes ~ Opportunities




                                         Fears & Nightmares
  Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
                                                ~ Obstacles
“Who is this Person” Map?

Purpose: To gain a deeper understanding of who
   the person is & how he or she is perceived.

Illustrates:
1. The power of words
2. Positive characteristics that are often
    overlooked



M. Forrest, J. Pearpoint, 1950
              “Who is this Person” Map




   Brainstorm to find words that describe this
                     person.
           Group words into themes.




M. Forrest, J. Pearpoint, 1950
Choices Map
Purpose: To understand the degree to which a
   person has control over their life.

Illustrates:
1. Levels of personal autonomy
2. Levels of assistance needed




Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
Choice Map
  Choices made by . . .   Choices made for …




Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
Images of the Future Map

Purpose: To explore inner images about desires
   and dreams for the future.

Illustrates: The experiences the person or family
    wants more of – a job, a home, community
    life.




Dr. Beth Mount, 1991
          Images of the Future Map

                                 Community
                                    Life
  Work
  Money

                  Friends
                    Fun
                 Recreation


                              Independence
Choices                         Education
                    Criteria for Success



                  Shared values
                  Ability to see capacities & strengths
                  Attitude of discovery
                  Commitment to follow-up
                  Comfort with small steps
                  Perseverance
                  Ability to brainstorm
                  Good facilitator




K. McNulty, NTAC, 2003
A Few PCP Resources

   State DB Project
   DB-LINK
   The ARC
   Parent Training &
    Information Center

				
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