Hajj-Guide-Book-Hindi by ahsan2000

VIEWS: 30 PAGES: 64

									  dh eqf”dykr
     vkSj
mudk eqfEdu gy
  dh eqf”dykr
     vkSj
mudk eqfEdu gy
fdrkc dk uke% lQ+js gt dh eqf’dykr vkSj budk eqfEdu gy

bl fdrkc dks dksbZ Hkh Nkki ldrk gS] blds fy, btkt+r dh t+:jr ugha gS A
ys[kd o izdk’kd%
D;w- ,l- [kku (B.E. Mech)

rUohj ifCyds’kUl
gk;Mªks bysfDVªd e”khujh fizfelsl
,&12] jke&jghe m|ksx uxj] cl LVkWi ysu]
,y-ch-,l- ekxZ] lksukiwj] HkkaMqi ¼if”pe½] eqacbZ 400078

Qksu% 022&2564 5930@25964075
eksckby% 09320064026
QSDl% 0091-22-25961682
bZ&esy% hydelect@vsnl.com
vxj vki bl fdrkc esa dksbZ x+yrh ikrs gSa rks cjk, egjckuh gekjh bLykg Q+jek,Wa] rkfd ge mls vxyh NikbZ esa
nq:Lr dj ldsa A

fizaVj%
vy&d+ye ifCyds”ku~l
244 xyh x<b;k] tkek efLtn] ckt+kj efV;k egy] nsgyh 110006

nwljk “kqekjk% 2009
dher% 25 #-
                                             Q+sgfjLr
ua-       mUoku                                   ist ua- ua-             mUoku                               ist ua-
1- is”k y¶t+@ eqdnek---------------------------- 4                 22- lQ+js gt ij fudyus ls igys dh rS;kfj;kWa----- 40
2- gt ds nkSjku feyus okys “kuk[k+rh dkMZ                          23- lQ+js gt ij fudyus ls igys fu;r dk c;ku 40
                   vkSj mudh vgfe;r ---------- 5                   24- lQ+js gt dk vkx+kt+------------------------ 41
3 lkekus lQj ---------------------------------- 7                  25- gokbZ lQj vkSj eDdk eqdj~jkek esa vken --- 43
4- gt ds nkSjku jkLrk Hkwyus vkSj [kkstkus dk elyk- 11             26- efLtns gje dh rQ+lhy------------------- 44
5- gokbZ lQj ------------------------------------ 13               27- [k+kuk&,&dkck vkSj eqrkQ+ dh rQ+lhy----- 45
6- gt ds [k+kl fnuksa esa lokjh dk elyk ------------ 14            28- mejk dSls djsa ---------------------------   46
7- gje “kjhQ vkSj feuk ds d+;ke esa inkZ dk elyk 17                29- v;~;kes gt ds Ns [kkl fnu--------------       50
8- feuk ds d+;ke esa uekt+ cktekvr dk elyk ---- 18                 30- vklku gt-------------------------------       51
9- eLyd dk eLyk ------------------------------- 20                 31 efLtns ucoh dk uD”kk-------------------        54
10- d+qckZuh esa /kks[kk -------------------------------- 22       32- njckjs jhlkyr esa gkt+jh dh Q+t+hyr ---       55
11- tEjkr vkSj tku dk [k+rjk --------------------- 23              33- njckjs jhlkyr dh igyh gkt+jh ---------        55
12- ,gjke dk c;ku ------------------------------- 25               34- jkSt+k&,&uCoh dk uD”kk -----------------     57
13- vkSjrksa ds e[k+lwl elkby ---------------------- 27            35- jkSt+k&,&eqckjd dh rQ+lhy--------------      58
14- gSt+ o uQ+kl ds elkby ------------------------ 28              36- gqtjk&,&vkb”kk vkSj fj;kt+qy tUur
15- gkyrs ,gjke esa eEuw dke vkSj mudk dQ~Qkjk-- 30                    dh rQ+lhy-------------------------------      61
16- gjeSu “kjhQSu ds pan e”gwj edkekr------------ 31               37- tUUrqy&cd+h dk ,d uk;kc uD”kk--------        62
17- gje “kjhQ+] feuk] eqT+nYQ+k vkSj vjQ+kr dk                     38- 1968 bZ- lu dk ,d cgjh lQj-------            63
    djhch uD”kk------------------------------- 32&33               39- vjQ+kr esa ekaxus okyh nqvk,Wa vkSj ot+hQ+s--- 64
18- Q+YlQk,s gt] fed+kr vkSj gje ds ,grjke
    dk c;ku ------------------------------------ 35
19- rkjh[ks eDdk eqdjZek vkSj dkck “kjhQ+---------- 36
20- rokQ+ dk c;ku-------------------------------- 37
21- vjdkus mejk vkSj gt dk c;ku---------------- 39

                                                               3
                                                  is”k y¶+t+
           LkQj [+okg dksbZ Hkh gks rDyhQ vkSj eq”kD+d+r dk        bl esa pUn nqvk,aW vkSj ud+”kktkr Hkh “kkfey fd;s x,s gSa
lcc gSA beke x+t+kyh AjgA us fy[kk gS ds gt ds lQj esa             exj eukflds gt ds eqdEey ekywekr ds fy, eq[k+rfyQ
vkneh tks dqN [k+pZ djs bl dks ugk;r [kq+”kfnyh ls djs             vnkjksa fd tkfuc ls tks etkfyl eqUvd+n dh tkrh gSa mu
vkSj tks uqDlku tkuh ;k ekyh igqWaps bl dks cnkZLr djs             esa “kjhd gksdj T+;knk ls T+;knk ekywekr gkfly dj ysaA
;g bl ds gt ds d+cqy gksus dh vyker gSA gt ds jkLrs                rkds vki [kw+c csgrj rjhd+s ij gt tSlh eksre&fc””kku
esa rDyhQ mBkus ds cjkcj gS bl fy, tks e”kD+d+r                    bcknr dk gd+ vnk dj ldsaA vYykg jCcqy&bT+t+r ls
mBk,xk ;k uqD+lku cnkZLr djsxk vYykg ds ;gkWa bl dk                nqvk gSa ds vki dks gt ed+cwy o ec:j dh lvknr
cM+k vTj g]S og t+k;k ugha gksxkA                                  ulhc QekZ,                                 vkehu-
           gnhl esa vkrk gS --------------                                                                    OkLlyke
           gqt+qj lYykgks vySgs olYye us gt+jr vkbZ”kk                                                   Q+d+r rkfycs nqvk
(jt+h) ls QekZ;k ^^,s vkbZ”kk (jt+h) rsjs gt dk vtj rsjh                                                    D;q- ,l- [k+ku
eq”kD+d+r ds eqrkfcd+ gksxk**                                                             D
                                                                                          D
                                                                                          D
                                                                                          DD
           Qjht+k&,&gt vnk djus esa ftls ftruh rDyhQ
gksrh gS mls mruk gh lokc feyrk gSA blh fy, yksx gt
dh gj eqf”dy dks [k+Unk is”kkuh ds lkFk [k+q”kh ls cnkZLr                               eqdnek
djrs gSa vkSj mQ rd ugha djrsA vkSj uk gh fdlh ls                            t+sjs ut+j fdrkc gekjs eksgrje nksLr vYgkt
viuh rDyhQ dk ft+dz djrs gSaA yksx gt dh rDyhQSa                   d+e:nhu lkgc us (csgrjhu balku oks gS tks nqljksa ds dke
fdlh ls bl fy, Hkh C;ku ugha djrs ds de fgEer ds yksx              vk,s) ds ed+kSyk ij vey djrs gq,s vius gt ds rtqckZr
gt djus ls ?kcjkus uk yxsaA                                        ls gtkt djke dks vkxkg djus ds rgjhj dh gS mehn gS
           gt ls igys eSa us gt dh tks rfcZ;rh rkyhe               fd gtkt djke bl ls Hkjiwj Q+k;nk mBkrs gq,s vius
gkfly dh mlesa reke mYek, djke us flQZ blh ckr ij                  vkSd+kr dks T+;knk ls T+;knk t+gn o bcknr esa lQZ djsaxsA ;s
t+ksj fn;k ds Qjht+k&,&gt fdl rjg vnk fd;k tk,]                    fdrkc vkWeksgrje ds rtqckZr dh gh ugha cYdh buds lkst+
fdlh us ;s uk crk;k ds ogkWa ds 40 fnu ds d+;ke esa tks            o xnkt+ d+kSe o feYyr dh fnyh gEnnhZ dh vkbZuknkj gSA
rDyhQsa is”k vk,saxh mu ls dSls fuiVk tk,A eSa us gt ds mu         lkFk lkFk ekSlqQ+ ds t+ksj d+ye dk ,rjkQ+ Hkh djokrh gSA
40 fnuksa esa eglwl fd;k fd cgqr lkjh ijs”kkfu;kWa flQZ            fdrkc ds ckotqn vkWtukc ds rLuhQ+h eSnku esa ukSvkekst+h
gekjs vutku gksus dh otg ls gksrh gSaA bl ls gekjk cgqr            ds gj txg dgha uk dgha e”d+ eqlfUuQ+ fd >yd fn[kkrh
lkjk d+herh oD+r tks fd bcknr esa xq+t+kjk tk ldrk Fkk             gSA vYQ+kt+ dk gqLu] tqEyksa dh csgrjhu rjrhc fny dks
t+k;k gks tkrk gSA bl fy, eSa us ;s fdrkc fy[kus fd tlkjr          eksg ysrh gSA vYykg djs t+ksjs d+ye vkSj T+;knkA
dhA bl fdrkc ds t+fj;s ls eSa gkth lkgscku dks vkus okyh                     jCcqyvkyehu ls nqvk ;s gS fd bl fdrkc dks
eqf”dyksa ls vkxkg djus vkSj muds eqfEdu gy ds ckjs esa            eqlfUuQ+ ds fy, t+[k+hjk&,&vk[k+jr cuk, vkSj vke
t+:jh ekywekr] fgnk;kr vkSj e”ojk nsuk pkgrk gqWaA                 eqlYekuksa dks bl ls [k+qc eqrQ+hn gksus dh rkSQ+hd+ vrk
           mehn gS ds gkth lkgscku bu e”ojksa ij vey               Q+ekZ,sA
djsa rks cgqr lh ijs”kfu;ksa ls cp dj viuk lkjk oD+r               ^^ ba nqvk vt+ eus o vt+ tqeyk tgkaW vkehu ckn **
vkSj viuh lkjh d+qOor flQZ [k+qnk dh bcknr eSa xqt+kjsaxsA
           vxj vki bl fdrkc ls Q+St+;kc gksa rks viuh
nqvkvksa esa bl xqukgxkj d+E:n~nhu [k+ku dks t+:j ;kn                                   Ukkpht+ Qlhgmn~nhu d+kleh
j[ksaA ;g fdrkc egt+ nkSjkus gt is”k vkus okyh eqf”dykr                        [k+kfne nk:ymywe gqlSfu;k] lksukiwj] HkkaMqi-
ls egQ+wt+ jgus ds fy, t+kCrk, rgjhj esa ykbZ xbZ gSA xks ds
                                                               4
                    gt ds nkSjku feyus okys
        f’kuk[k+rh dkMZ (I-CARD) vkSj mu dh vgfe;r
           gt dk lQ+j “kq: gksus ls igys ls ys dj vk[k+hj rd
vyx vyx egZyksa esa vki dks eq[k+rfyQ “kuk[k+rh dkMZ                 f“kuk[+rh dkMZ (I-CARD):
(I-CARD) vkSj gkFk esa igUus ds dM+s ox+Sjg fn;s tkrs gSa                       gt dehVh ls vki dks vkidk Q+ksVks yxk gqvk ,d
ftudh cgqr vgfe;r gSA vDlj gkth lkgscku ykijokgh ls                  “kuk[+rh dkMZ feysxkA ;s dkQh cM+k vkSj IykfLVd ds doj esa
bUgsa xqe djds cgqr ijs”kkuh mBkrs gSaA vki bu dh vgfe;r             vkSj xys esa igUus ds fy, gksrk gSA bls vki ges”kk vius lkFk
vPNh rjg le> ysaA mu dh fgQ+kt+r djsa vkSj lgh <ax ls                j[ksa vkSj tks nwljs dkMZ vkidks eDdk esa feysaxs mls Hkh bl esa
bLrseky djsaA                                                        ihNs dh rjQ+ j[k ysaA
gt dehVh dh rjQ+ ls bRykvkrh                                         f“kuk[+rh dkMZ esa fuEufyf[kr ckrsa gksaxh%
[k+r vkSj doj uacj                                                              1-
                                                                                2-
                                                                                     vki dk uke
                                                                                     vki dk ikliksVZ uacj
(Intimation Letter & Cover No.):                                                3-   vki dk CyM xzqi (Blood Group)
            gt dk Q+keZ Hkjus ds ckn vki ds ?kj ij gt dehVh                     4-   vki dk ntkZ (Category)
ls ,d bRykvkrh [k+r vk,sxkA ftlesa cgqr lkjh ekywekr ds
lkFk vkidk doj uacj fy[kk gqvk gksxkA ;s uacj vki ds fy,             dM+k%
cgqr vge gSA gt ls igys vkSj gt ds nkSjku ;gh vki dh                             gt dehVh dh rjQ+ ls vki dks ,d LVhy dk dM+k
“kuk[+r gSA vki dk dksbZ Hkh Q+keZ vkSj dkx+t+h dk;ZokbZ bl          feysxk ftlesa fuEufyf[kr ekyqekr ntZ gksaxhA
uacj ds cx+Sj eqdEey ugha gksxhA bl fy, bl [k+r dks fgQ+kt+r                     1- vki dk uke
ls j[ksa vkSj doj uacj ;kn dj ysA ;gh [k+r fn[kkdj vki dk                        2- vki dk doj uacj
ikliksVZ] gokbZ fVdV] “kuk[+krh dkMZ vkSj dM+k ox+Sjg feysxkA                    3- vki dk ikliksVZ uacj
vki dk MkQV (Draft) gt dehVh blh uacj ij d+cwy djsxhA                            4- eqYd dk uke
                                                                                 bl dM+s dks vki gkFk esa igu ysa vkSj okil vkus
IkkLkiksVZ dh vgfe;r%                                                rd gfx+Zt+ uk mrkjsaA dM+s ds lkFk ,d pSu Hkh gksrh gSA vxj
          vxj vki ds ikl ikliksVZ ugha gS rks dksbZ fQdz dh          vki dks rDyhQ+ gks rks pSu fudky ysa exj dM+k ges”kk vki ds
ckr ughaA vkSj vxj gS Hkh rks bldh t+:jr ughaA D;ksa fd gt           lkFk jgsA D;ksa ds t+:jr iM+us ij blh ds t+fj;s vki dh
ds fy, gt dehVh vyx ls ,d Lis”ky ikLkiksVZ tkjh djrh gSA             “kuk[+r gks ldsxhA
tks flQ+Z ,d ckj vkSj flQ+Z gt ds fy, dke vkrk gSA ;s                [k+qnk&u&[+okLrk vxj vki fdlh gknls esa csgks”k gks x, ;k
ikliksVZ lQsn jax ds doj dk gksxkA gt ds lQ+j esa vki bls
lkFk ysuk uk HkwysaA eDdk igqWapus ds ckn ;s ikliksVZ vki ls         vki dk lkjk lkeku xqe gks x;k rc Hkh dM+s ij fy[ks doj
vki dk eqvfYye ys ysxkA vkSj okilh ds oD+r ,;jiksVZ ij               uacj ls vki dks igpkuk tk ldrk gS vkSj vki ds eqd+ke rd
cl esa okil djsxkA                                                   igqWapk;k tk ldrk gSA eSa us ,sls Hkh okD+;kr lqus gSa ds yksx cx+Sj
                                                                     “kuk[+r ds gt ds igys xqe gks x, vkSj gt ds ckn fHkdkjh;ksa
gokbZ fVdV%                                                          dh “kdy esa feysA bl fy, ;s dM+k vki ges”kk vki ds lkFk
                                                                     j[ksaA ugkrs oD+r ;k cSrqY[k+yk tkrs oD+r ;k fdlh Hkh gky esa
             gt dehVh ls ikliksVZ ds lkFk vki dks vkus vkSj
tkus nksuksa dk gokbZ fVdV (cksfMax ikl) feysxkA ftls fn[kk dj       bls uk mrkjsaA
gh vki gokbZ tgkt+ esa lokj gks ldsaxsA bl fy, gokbZ fVdV
dks okilh ds lQj rd bUrsgkbZ fgQ+kt+r ds lkFk j[ksaA vkSj
                                                                     t+js eqcknyk (Foreign Exchange):
ikLkiksVZ ls vyx j[ksa vkSj eqvfYye dks flQ+Z ikLkiksVZ nsa]                   NBh pht+ tks vki dks gt jokuk gksus ls igys
fVdV uk nsaA                                                         ,;jiksVZ ls feysxh og gS lmnh :i;k (fj;ky) ;k Mkª¶V A
                                                                 5
;s vki ds jkgr dk lkeku Hkh gS vkSj tku dk nq”eu HkhA gekjs              vki ls ys ysxkA vkSj vki dks viuk ,d “kuk[+rh dkMZ
iM+ksl ds ,d lkgc 2004 bZ- esa gt ds fy, x,s vkSj eDdk esa               nsxkA ftl esa eqvfYye dk irk vki ds fcfYMax dk uacj
bard+ky dj x,sA mu ds lkfFk;ksa ls iqNus ij irk pyk ds mu                vkSj vki ds dejs dk uacj fy[kk gksxkA
dk lkjk :i;k ,;jiksVZ ij ryk”kh ds cgkus iqfyl us ys fy;k                           ftn~nk ,;jiksVZ ls cl fl/ks vkidks vki ds fcfYMax
Fkk og lE>s ds ftn~nk ,;jiksVZ ij okil feysxkA exj tc uk                 rd igqWapk nsxhA vkSj eqvfYye ds vkneh vki dk lkjk lkeku
feyk rks cgqr fQDjean gq,s vkSj mlh fQDj esa nkSj&,&d+Yc                 vki ds dejs rd igqWapk nsaxsA
(Heart Attack) dh otg ls og vYykg dks I;kjs gks x,sA
eDdk esa ftl dejs esa ge eqd+he Fks Bhd mlds lkeus okys                  deI;wVjkbZt+M f”kuk[k+rh dkMZ
dejs esa ekWa csVh jgrs Fks mu nksuksa ds lkjs :i;s gje “kjhQ+ esa       (Computerised I-Card)%
rokQ djrs gq,s pksjh gks x,sA iqNus ij nksuksa us crk;k ds eDdk
igqWaprs gh mejk djuk FkkA dejk u;kA dejs ds lkFkh Hkh u;s                            ;s nwljk vkSj cgqr vge f”kuk[k+rh dkMZ vki dks
fdlij Hkjkslk djsa\ bl fy, lkjs :i;s lkFk gh fy,s Fks vkSj               eDdk esa ,d ;k nks fnu ds ckn eqvfYye dh rjQ+ ls feysxkA
gje “kjhQ+ esa tsc dV xbZA                                               ;s IykfLVd dk deI;wVjkbZt+M dkMZ gSA ;s ,d rjg ls vki dk
            gekjs ,d nksLr eDdk esa odhy gSa mUgksa us crk;k ds          ikLkiksVZ gSA bl esa vki ds Q+ksVks ds lkFk oks lkjh ckrsa ntZ gksrh
eDdk esa ftruh pksjh dh okjnkrsa gksrha gSa mu esa vdlj gje              gSa tks vki ds ikLkiksVZ esa gksrh gSA d+kuwuh rkSj ls gj gkth dks ;s
“kjhQ+ ds vUnj gh gksrh gSaA                                             dkMZ vius lkFk j[kuk gksrk gSA vkSj iqNus ij fn[kkuk t+:jh
                                                                         gksrk gSA vxj vki dks eDdk ls ftn~nk ;k vkSj fdlh “kgj
            gekjs vkSj ,d nksLr us viuk :i;k bruh fgQ+kt+r               tkuk gksxk rks bl dkMZ ds cx+Sj ugha tk ldrsA
ls vius lkeku esa j[k fy;k ds [kqn Hkqy x,s ds dgkWa j[kk gSA
cgqr ijs”kku jgs lYokrqYgktkr i<+ dj [k+qnk ls nqvk dhA rc                            tc vki eDdk ls enhuk tk,saxs rks enhus esa vki dk
tkdj viuk :i;k vius lkeku esa [kkst ik,A                                 nwljk eqvfYye gksxk vkSj fjgkbZ”kxkg Hkh ubZ gksxh bl fy, enhuk
                                                                         esa Hkh vki dks vki dk cx+Sj Q+ksVks dk ,d deI;wVjkbZt+M dkMZ
            bl fy, ,;jiksVZ ij feyus okys :i;s dk [k+kl                  feysxk vkSj eqvfYye dk f”kuk[k+rh dkMZ feysxkA ftlesa eqvfYye
[k+;ky j[ksa vkSj eDdk esa viuh fjgkbZ”kxkg ij igqWapus ds ckn           dk irk vki dh fcfYMax dk irk vkSj dejk uacj fy[kk gksxkA
;k rks gksVy ds dkmWaVj ij tek dj nsa vkSj jlhn ys ysaA ;k               enhuk ds nl fnu d+;ke esa Hkh vki ;s nksuksa dkMZ fgQ+kt+r ls j[ksaA
vius eqvfYye ds ikl tek dj ds jlhn ys ysaA jlhn ysuk uk                  oru ds fy, okilh ds lQj ds 'kq: esa blh dkMZ dks ns[kdj vki
HkqysaA ojuk ogkWa Hkh vki :i;ksa ls gkFk /kks cSBsaxsA viuh t+:jr       dks cl dk uacj fn;k tk,xkAblh cl esa vkidks vkidk ikliksVZ
ds eqrkfcd+ FkksM+k FkksM+k :i;k fudkyrs jgsaAvxj bu nksuksa txg         okil feysxkAvkSj ;gh cl vkidks ,vjiksVZ rd igqapk nsxhA
Hkh iSlk j[kuk vkids fy, eqfEdu uk gks rks vius lqVdsl esa gh
j[k yasAexj lwVdsl dk rkyk et+cwr gksA                                   eqvfYye dk f“kuk[+rh dkMZ
            ftn~nk ,;jiksVZ igqWapus ds ckn ,;jiksVZ ls vki ds
fjgkbZ”kxkg ds lQj ds nkSjku cl esa vki ls vki dk ikLkiksVZ ys           (feuk ds fy,)%
fy;k tk,sxkA vkSj rhu “kuk[+rh pht+sa nh tk,saxh oks bl rjg gSaA                       feuk tkus ls igys eqvfYye vki dks fQj viuk
                                                                         ,d f”kuk[+rh dkMZ nsxkA ftles vkids feuk dk [k+sek uacj
dykbZ iV~Vk%                                                             fy[kk gksxkA feuk esa ,d eqvfYye ds cgqr lkjs [k+ses ,d gh
            eqvfYye dh rjQ+ ls vki dks ,d dykbZ iV~Vk fn;k               eqd+ke ij gksrs gSaA ftu ds ,rjkQ+ fgQ+kt+r ds fy, yksgs ds
tk,xk ftl esa eqvfYye dk irk fy[kk gksxkA bl iV~Vk dh                    taxys yxs gksrs gSaA
vgfe;r ;s gS ds vki dHkh eDdk esa xqe gks x,s rks dksbZ Hkh bl                         xsV ij eqvfYye ds igjsnkj gksrs gSa tks ;s dkMZ ns[k
iV~Vs dh enn ls vki dks vki ds eqvfYye ds vkWfQ+l rd                     dj gh vki dks taxys ds vUnj [k+seksa dh rjQ+ tkus nsaxsA bl
igqWapk nsxkA eqvfYye ds vkWfQ+l esa xkbZM (jgcj) gksrs gSaA tks         fy, feuk ds d+;ke esa bl dkMZ dks Hkh vius lkFk j[ksaAvkSj bl
vki dh fjgkbZ”kxkg rd igqWapk nsaxsA                                     dkMZ ds ihNs vius gkFk ls vius [kses ds djhc ds [kEcs ij
                                                                         igpku ds fy;s fy[ks x, uEcj dks uksV dj ysa vkSj iqy dk
eqvfYye dk f“kuk[+rh dkMZ%                                               uke uksV dj ysaAbl ls b'kkjrh feukg eas vius [kses dk irk
           ftn~nk ,;jiksVZ ij eqvfYye vki dk ikLkiksVZ                   ugha HkwysaxsA
                                                                     6
                                                   Lkkekus lQ+j
           ,d gkth vius ?kj ls fdruk lkeku ys dj gt ds                     diM+ksa ds lkFk vxj nks tksM+s u,s gksa rks T+;knk csgrj gSA ,d 10
lQ+j ij tk, ftl ls ml ds pkyhl fnu vkjke ls x+qt+jsaA ;s                   ft+fYgTtk ds fy, ftl fnu bZn gksrh gSA vkSj ,d efLtn ucoh
,d eqf”dy loky gSA esa us ogkWa tks gkykr ns[ks oks ;gkWa c;ku             ds fy, ftl fnu igyh ckj vki gqt+qj (lYy-) dh dcj
djrk gqWaA QS+lyk vki [k+qn djsaA                                          eqckjd ij gkt+jh nsdj lykr o lyke dk ut+jkuk is”k djsaxsA

1- [k+kus ihus dk bart+ke%                                                 3- fcLrj%
                                                                                       eDdk vkSj enhuk nksuksa txg vki dks vki ds dejs
          fjgkbZ”kxkg (fcfYMax) ds gj eaft+yk ij ,d ;k nks                 esa iyax] xnsyk] rfd;k vkSj ,d dEcy] csM”khV (pknj)
fdpu (ckojph [k+kuk) gksrs gSaA ftlesa xSl vkSj pqYgk eqvfYye              feysxhA blfy, eDdk vkSj enhuk esa [k+qn ds fcLrj dh t+:jr
;k edku ekfyd dh rjQ ls igyh ckj eqqQr feyrk gSA gkth                      ugha gksrhA
lkgscku [kkuk cukus dk iqjk lkeku lkFk ys tkrs gSa vkSj ogkWa
[kkuk cuk dj [kkrs gSaA lmnh gqdqer dh rjQ ls dksbZ Hkh [kkus                       feuk ds [k+seksa esa t+ehu ij d+kyhu fcNk gksrk gSA
dh pht+ lmnh vjc esa ykuk euk gSA exj esa us ns[kk fd uk                   exj rfd;k vkSj pknj ugha feyrh bl fy, ekSle ds eqrkfcd+
fgUnqLrku ds ,;jiksVZ ij fdlh us fdlh gkth dks jksdk uk                    ,d gokbZ rfd;k vkSj ,d pknj ys ysa rks csgrj gksxkA
ftn~nk ,;jiksVZ ijA flQZ rsy] ikuh ;k l;~;ky ekn~nk nksuksa
,;jiksVZ okys t+Cr dj ysrs gSaA                                            4- nok,Wa%
                                                                                      lmnh vjc esa nok,Wa cgqr egWaxh gSaA vkSj mu ds uke
             eDdk vkSj enhuk esa cs”kqekj ikfdLrkuh gksVysa gSa tks        Hkh vyx gksrs gSaA bl fy, jkst+ ej~jg dh lkjh nok,Wa vki lkFk
fgUnqLrkuh t+kbZd+s dk [kkuk cukrs gSaA ftu dh fd+ers fuEu gSa%            ys tk,saA lmnh gqdqer vkSj bafM;u gt dehVh dh rjQ ls Hkh
             nky        --------------- 4 fj;ky                            eq¶r nok,sa feyrh gSaA exj vki viuh lsgr dh fgQkt+r [k+qn
             xks”r --------------- 5 & 6 fj;ky                             djsa vkSj viuh nok,Wa vius lkFk ys tk,saA t+:jr iM+us ij
             pkoy --------------- 2 & 3 fj;ky                              eDdk vkSj enhuk esa fgUnqLrkuh dkWfUlysV ds mij fgUnqLrkuh
             lCt+h --------------- 4 & 5 fj;ky                             vLirky gSa tgkWa fgUnqLrkuh MkWDVj feyrs gSa mu ls viuk eq¶r
             vxj vki ,d IysV nky ;k xks”r ;k lCt+h ysa rks                 bykt djok ldrs gSaA ogkWa lÅnh vLirky Hkh gSa mu esa Hkh
rhu jksVh eqQr feyrh gSA ;s nks ls rhu yksxksa ds fy, dkQ+h                eq¶r bykt gksrk gSA feuk esa Hkh lÅnh vLirky gSaA
gksrh gSA bl fy, cgqr lkjs gkth [kkuk cukus esa oD+r t+k,
djus ds ctk, [kkuk [k+jhn dj [kkrs gSa vkSj iqjk oD+r bcknr
esa yxkrs gSaA vkSj ;s ckr equkflc vkSj nq:Lr gSA
                                                                           5- eksckbZy Qksu%
                                                                                       gt ds ekSds ij gkth;ksa ds fy, Lis”ky lhe dkMZ
2- diM+s%                                                                  (Sim Card)     fudkyrh gS tks ds 100 fj;ky dk gksrk gSA vkSj
                                                                           vki 100 fj;ky fd+er [k+Re gksus rd ckr dj ldrs gSaA vki
              gj eaf+tyk ij dbZ ckFk:e (x+qlqy [k+kuk) gksrs gSa
ftl esa vki vklkuh ds lkFk diM+k /kks ldrs gSaA lq[kkus ds fy,             dks viuk eksckbZy uacj feyrk gSA ftls vki vius ?kj okyksa
vki ?kj ls jLlh ys tk,Wa vkSj ykch ;k fcfYMax ds Nr ij                     dks vkSj lkFkh;ksa dks ns ldrs gSaA eksckbZy vxj lgh bLrseky
vklkuh ds eqrkfcd+ diM+k lq[kk ysaA eDdk vkSj enhuk esa ykWUM~zh           djsa rks cgqr ls Q+k;ns gSaA vki ges”kk vius ?kj vkSj dkjksckj ls
Hkh gS tks fd ,d tksM+k /kksus dk 5 fj;ky ysrs gSaA pqWafd ogkWa           ck[k+cj gksrs gSaA bl fy, brfeuku ls bcknr dj ldrs gSaA gt
uekt+ ds flok vkSj dksbZ dke gksrk ughaA bl fy, diMs+ de gh                ds nkSjku lkFkh;ksa ls fcNM+ tkus ds ckn ;k fdlh rdyhQ+ es
xans gksrs gSaA bl fy, nks ;k rhu tksM+ksa esa x+qt+j vklkuh ds lkFk       Q+kSju nksLrksa ls jkcrk d+k;e dj ldrs gSaA vkSj x+yr bLrseky
gks tkrk gSA                                                               djsa rks ocky gh ocky gSA vki ogkWa bcknr ds fy, tkrs gSaA
              gt ds lQj esa cqt+qxksZa ls lquk gS ds jkst+ ej~jg ds        eksckbZy ij ogha ls frtkjr ;k fct+usl uk djus yxsaA eksckbZy
                                                                           gje “kjhQ+ esa cUn j[ksa ugha rks yk[kksa ds fglkc ls xqukg gksxkA
                                                                       7
6- Vªkyh%                                                                        6- nks vnn ,gjke] ,d eksVs diM+s esa ,d irys
                                                                                        diM+s esa vkSj csYV (dej iV~Vk)
             gt ds lc ls eqf”dy fnu 8 ls 13 ft+fYgTtk ds                         7- eqt+nYQ+k esa jkr xqt+kjus ds fy, pVkbZA
gksrs gSaA bl nkSjku vki dks eqantkZt+Sy lQ+j djus gksaxs%                       8- ikuh dh Fkjel ;k cksry
                                                                                    (ftlls vki vkc&,&t+e t+e dejs rd yk ldsa)
                          Eqd+ke            Nwjh      Njdkj                      9 ,Slh [kkus dh pht+sa tks cgqr fnuksa rd [k+jkc uk
    Rkkjh[k+                                           oD+r                             gksa feuk o vQkZr esa [kkus dh lc pht+sa feyrh
8 ft+fYgTtk           eDdk ls feuk        5 fd-fe-    ,d ?kaVk                          gSa exj ,grs;kr ds fy;s j[k ysuk csgrj gSA
9 ft+fYgTtk lwcg      feuk ls vQkZr       10 fd-fe-   nks ?kaVs
                                                                       nks lkeku ,ls gS ds ftu dh T+;knk t+#jr rks ugha gksrh] exj
9 ft+fYgTtk “kke      vQkZr ls eqT+nYQk   9 fd-fe-    nks ?kaVs
10 ft+fYgTtk lwcg     eqT+nYQk ls feuk    1 fd-fe-    vk/k ?kaVk       lkFk j[k ysa rks csgrj gSA ,d gS /kwi dk p'ek] vkSj nwljk ukd
10 ft+fYgTtk nksigj    feuk ls eDdk        5 fd-fe-   ,d ?kaVk         ij yxkus dk dkxt+ dk #eky (Nose -Mask)A
10 ft+fYgTtk “kke      eDdk ls feuk        5 fd-fe-   ,d ?kaVk                   /kwi ds p'es ls nksigj ds oDr nw/k dh rjg lQsn
12 ft+fYgTtk “kke      feuk ls eDdk        5 fd-fe-   ,d ?kaVk         Q'kZ ij rokQ djus esa vklkuh gksrh gSA
                                                                                 vxj vkidks ut+yk vDlj ;k tYnh gks tkrk gS rks
           Tkks yksx ;s lQ+j iSny djrs gSa oks cl ;k fdlh vkSj         Nose-Mask bLrseky djus ls vki vkSj nwljs yksx
lokjh ls lQ+j djus okyksa ds eqdkcys esa T+;knk vkjke ls jgrs          Infection ls egQwt+ jgrs gSA ukst+ ekLd flQZ ikap #i;s esa
gSaA vkSj gj txg oD+r ij igqWaprs gSaA [k+kyh gkFk iSny pyuk           fdlh Hkh esfMdy nwdku ij fey tkrk gSA ;g eDdk 'kjhQ esa
vklku gS vkSj lkeku ys dj pyuk cgqr eqf”dyA exj eDdk                   ,d fj;ky esa fey tk,xkA
ls feuk vkSj feuk ls vQkZr ds lQ+j esa lkeku rks gksrk gh gSA
bl fy, vklkuh ds fy, vki eDdk ls ,d 20 fj;ky dh Vkyh                   8- gS.M cSx%
ys fyft, ;s nks ifg;ksa dh Vkyh gS cgqr gYdh vkSj nks fdyks dh                     gt desVh ;k cSad ox+Sjg ls ,d NksVk gS.M cSx vki
gksrh gSA ftls vki Q+ksYM dj ds gkFk esa yVdk Hkh ldrs gSaA            dks rksgQ+s ds rkSj ij feysxkA tks gt ds iwjs pkyhl fnu vki
vkSj t+:jr gksus ij 50 fdyks rd lkeku ykn dj f[kaprs gq,               dk lkFkh gksxk vkSj vki ds cgqr dke vk,xkA bl esa nks iV~Vs
py ldrs gSaA pqWads jksM oxSjg ij x<+s ugha gksrsA bl fy, bls ys       yxs gksrs gSaA ,d xnZu ls yVdkus ds fy, vkSj nqljk dej ls
dj vki gj txg cM+h vklkuh ls tk ldrs gSaA vxj vki dk                   cka/kus ds fy,A vxj nksuks iV~Vs vki vPNh rjg igu ysa rks ;s
iSny pyus dk bjknk gksxk rks ;s Vkyh vki dks cgqr dke                  vki ds ftLe ls fpidk jgsxkA vkSj HkhM+ HkkM+ esa Hkh bl ds
nsxhAnqljk vklku rjhdk gSa ds igh;ksaokyk cx                           [kksus dk Mj cgksr de gksrk gSA bl esa nks fgLls gksrs gSa] ,d
                                                                       ckgjh vkSj NksVk fgLlk ftl esa “kQ+kQ+ IykfLVd yxk gksrk gSA
7- jkst+ ej~jg ds                                                      bl esa vki viuk f”kuk[k+rh dkMZ vkSj nwljs dkx+t+kr j[k
                                                                       ldrs gSaA nwljs fgLls esa vki pIiy ox+Sjg j[k ldrs gSaA gje
   bLrseky dh pht+sa%                                                  “kjhQ+ ds njokt+s ds ckgj j[kh gqbZ pIiyksa dks] [k+kfne
                                                                       oD+Q+k&oD+Q+k ls gVk dj QSadrs jgrs gSaA njokt+s ls yxh
           jkst+ ej~jg ds bLrseky dh lkjh pht+sa vki dks eDdk          vYekjh;ksa ls pIiy nwljs gkth igu dj ys tkrs gSaA bl fy,
vkSj enhuk “kjhQ+ esa fey tk,saxhA bl fy, vxj fgUnqLrku esa            pIiy dks iykfLVd dh FkSyh esa j[k dj cSx esa j[k ysaA gje
dqN pht+sa NqV tk,sa rks ijs”kku gksus dh t+:jr ughaA oSls vxj         “kjhQ+ esa nks ls pkj ?kaVs rd Hkh cSBuk iM+rk gSA bl fy, [kkus
vki dk lkeku 35 fdyks ls de gS rks eqqantkZt+Sy lkeku                  ds fy, dqN [ktqjsa vkSj fcfLdV ox+Sjg Hkh j[k ysaA ihus ds fy,
,gfr;kr ds fy;s j[k ysaA                                               vkc&,&t+e t+e gje “kjhQ+ esa gj txg feysxkA vxj ;s cSx
           1- [kkuk j[kus vkSj [kkus ds uk VqVus okys crZuA            vki dks rksgQ+k esa dksbZ uk ns rks barst+kj uk fdth, cfYd ckt+kj
           2- VqFk isLV] lkcqu vkSj lj esa yxkus dk rsyA               ls [k+jhn fyth,A
           3- tkuekt+A
           4- jkr ds oD+r igUus ds diM+sA
           5- jLlh vkSj iRyk insZ dk diM+kA
                                                                       9- lQ+jh lwVdsl%
                                                                                 gt ds lQ+j esa rd+jhcu vkB ls nl ckj vki dk
                 (gks ldrk gS vki dks vius dejs esa vkSjrks ds
                                                                       yxst dqyh gt+jkr ds gkFkksa esa gksxkA tks vDlj bls cM+h csnnhZ
                 fy, inkZ djuk iM+s)                                   ls b/kj&m/kj QSadsaxsA bl fy, vki dk lqVdsl vkSj cSx ,ls gksa
                                                                   8
ds vklkuh ls uk VqVsa ;k rks ,Sls gksa ds ftu ds VwV tkus dk vki         ftruk pyuk gS vkSj bl esa ftruk oD+r ndZkj gS vUnkt+u eSa
dks x+e uk gksA                                                         ;gkWa ntZ djrk gqWaA bl ls vki vUnkt+k yxk ldrs gSa ds jkst+
             gt dfeVh ls vki dks tks bRykvkrh [k+r feysxk bl            de ls de vki dks fdrus nsj rd yxkrkj pyuk gSA
esa vki dks flQZ nks lqVdsl ys tkus dh lykg nh tk,xhA ftl
esa ,d cM+k lkbZt+ dk gksxk vkSj nqljk NksVk lkbZt+ dk gksxkAcMs
                                                                        rokQ+%
lqVdsl fd yaCkkbZ pkSMkbZ vkSj mWpkbZ 28 18 11 bap gksaA tcds                       d+kck “kjhQ ds fxnZ lkr pDdj ;k Qsjk yxkus ij
NksVs lqVdsl dk lkbZt 20 14 8 bap gksA CkMk lqVdsl tgktij               ,d rokQ+ gksrk gS] pDdj ;k Qsjk dks vjch esa “kwr dgrs gSaA
                                                                                                                     1          1
vkils vyx djds nqljs lkeku (yxst) ds lkFk tgkt esa yksM                             lqcg 9 cts ls 10 cts] nksigj 1 @2 cts ls 2 @2
gksus Hkst fn;k tk,xkA bl lqVdsl dk lkbZt de ;k T;knk gks               cts vkSj jkr 12 cts ls 3 cts ds oD+r tc HkhM+ de gksrh gSA
rks dksbZ gtZ ughA vxj nks ls T+;knk Hkh lqVdsl ;k cSx gksa rks         dkck “kjhQ+ ls 50 fQ+V dh nwjh ij “kwr (Qsjk ;k pDdj) esa 3
dksbZ gtZ ughaA exj ot+u dh tkWap gksxh vkSj T+;knk ot+u dk             feuV vkSj 100 fQ+V dh nwjh ls ,d “kwr esa 6 feuV yxrs gSaA
fdjk;k nsuk iM+ ldrk gSA bZl oDr vki flQZ 35 fdyks lkeku                bl fy, lkr “kwr ds fy, de HkhM+ ds oD+r 20 ls 42 feuV ds
gokbZZ tgkt ls eqQr yk ;k ys tk ldrs gSA NksVk lqVdsl vki               neZ;ku yxsaxsA HkhM+ ds vkSd+kr esa lkr “kwr ;kuh ,d rokQ+ esa
vius lkFk tgkt ds vaUnj ys tk,xsA blfy, mij Ckrk, x,                    ,d ?kaVk ls T+;knk Hkh yx tkrk gSA
lkbZt ls cMk u gksA vkSj otu Hkh nl fdyksa ls T;knk u gks]
ojuk tgkt dk veyk mls tgkt ds vUnj ys tkus ugh nsxkA                                T+;knk HkhM+ esa tc eqrkQ+ esa rokQ+ djuk eqf”dy
lqVdsl ds Cknys vki viuh vklkuh ds eqrkCkhd gsaUM Cksx oXkSjk           gksrk gS rks igys eaft+ys ;k Nr ij rokQ+ djuk iM+rk gSA tgkWa
Hkh bLrseky dj ldrs gSaA                                                ,d “kqr ds fy, 13 ls 15 feuV yxrs gSaA bl fy, lkr 'kwr ds
             vki vius gj cSx vkSj lqVdsl ij viuk doj                    fy, 91 ls 105 feuV yx tkrs gSaA rc tkdj ,d rokQ+ gksrk
uacj vkSj ?kj dk iwjk irk fy[kuk uk Hkqysa] og Hkh ijeZusUV             gSA
ekdZj isu (iDdh jks”kukbZ) ls ftl ls ds irk fcYdqy uk feVsA
rkfd [k+qnk u [k+kLrk vxj vki dk lkeku [kks tk, rks doj
                                                                        lbZ%
uacj vkSj irk ls vki dks okil fey tk,A                                             lQ+k vkSj eokZg ds neZ;ku 395 feVj dk Qklyk
             nwj ls ,;jiksVZ ij vius lkeku dks igpkUus ds fy,           gSA lQ+k vkSj eokZg igkM+ ds chp pyus dks lbZ dgrs gSaA lbZ esa
fjcu ;k jax ;k vkSj dksbZ fu”kkuh Hkh yxkysa rks lkeku <qaMus esa       lQ+k vkSj eokZg ds neZ;ku 7 pDdj yxkus iM+rs gSA igyk
vklkuh gksxhA                                                           pDdj lQk ls 'kq# gksrk gS vkSj lkrokWa pDdj eokZg ij [kre
                                                                        gksrk gSA ,d pDdj ds fy, de HkhM+ esa 4 ls 5 feuV yxrs gSaA
             nwljh vge ckr ;kn jf[k;s fd vki ds yxst ij                 bl fy, lkr pDdj esa d+jhc 30 feuV dk oD+r yxrk gSA
nqljksa ds yxst dk 500 fdyks ls T+;knk dk Hkh ckj iM+ ldrk              HkhM+ ds vkSd+kr esa ,d ?kaVk ls T+;knk Hkh oD+r yx tkrk gSA
gSA bl fy, vki ds lqV dsl ;k cSx esa ,lk dksbZ lkeku uk gks
ftl ds VqVus ls vki dk vkSj nqljksa dk lkeku [k+jkc gkstk,A             fjgkbZ”k xkg ls gje “kjhQ+ rd vkus
eDdk vkSj enhuk “kjhQ+ ds d+;ke vkSj feuk ds [k+seksa esa]
eLrqjkr insZ dh otg ls vyx jg ldrh gSaA bl fy, vki                      tkus dk oD+r%
viuk jkst+ ej~jg ds bLrseky dk lkeku eLrqjkr ds lkeku ls                           vke rkSj ij gkth;ksa dk d+;ke gje ls 5 ls 15
vyx j[ksa] ojuk nksuksa dks cM+h ijs”kkuh gksxh vkSj NksVh&NksVh        feuV dh nwjh ij gksrk gSA exj 4 ft+fYgTtk ls 15 ft+fYgTtk
pht+ksa ds fy, ,d nqljs dks vkokt+ nsuk iM+sxkA                         rd yksxksa dk t+cnZLr gqtwe gksrk gSA bl nkSjku 5 ls 15 feuV
             vki viuk lwVdsl et+cwr rkys dk ysa] rkds vki               dk ;s jkLrk r; djus esa 15 ls 30 feuV dk oD+r Hkh yx
#i;k iSlk lwVdsl esa j[k dj bfReuku ls gje 'kjhQ tk ldsaA               ldrk gSA
10- vPNh lsgr                                                           uekt+ dk bUrst+kj%
          lc ls t+:jh pht+ tks vki dks vius lkFk ystkuk gS                             4 ft+fYgTtk rd pqWads 30 ls 35 yk[k yksx eDdk
og gS vPNh lsgr] D;ksa fd eDdk ds d+;ke vkSj gt ds nkSjku               “kjhQ igqWap pqds gksrs gSaA bl fy, gje “kjhQ+ esa Hkh t+cnZLr
vki esa ftruh T+;knk d+qOor gksxh vki mruh gh T+;knk bcknr              HkhM+ gksrh gSA vxj uekt+ ls 30 ls 45 feuV igys vki gje
dj ldsaxsA rokQ o lbZ vkSj fjgkbZ”k xkg ls gje rd vki dks               essa uk igqWaps rks reke txgsa Hkj pqdh gksrh gSA bl fy, gj uekt+
                                                                    9
 ls ,d ?kaVk igys vki dks vius dejs ls uekt+ ds fy, fudy                   t+et+e dk ikuh fi,s] xjeh ds fnuksa esa tc ikuh ls I;kl u cq>s
tkuk gksrk gSA                                                             rks BaMs ikuh vkSj e'k:c ds cnys lqysekuh pk; ;k dgos dk
           gje “kjhQ+ ls dejs rd vkus tkus esa Hkh dkQ+h oD+r              bZLrseky djsaA lqCkg 4 cts ls igys mBs rkds bZRehuku ls
yxrk gS bl fy, yksx rgTtqn ds fy, vkrs gSa vkSj Q+Tj i<+                   t:jh;kr ls Qkjhd gksdj vki rgTtqn Ik<+ ldasA
dj tkrs gSaA blh rjg ex+fjc ds fy, vkrs gSa vkSj b”kk i<+ dj
tkrs gSaA cgqr ls yksx t+ksgj ls b”kk rd gje “kjhQ esa gh jgrs
                                                                           11- lc ls vge t+kns lQ+j%
gSaA vkSj uekt+] frykor vkSj rLchgkr esa eL:Q+ jgrs gSaA vkSj                           vYykg rvkyk Q+ekZrk gSA
b”kk i<+ dj tkrs gSaA
            flQ+ gje “kjhQ+ esa ,d uekt+ dk lokc ,d yk[k
gquk gSA gje “kjhQ+ dks NksM+ dj fdlh vkSj vkl ikl dh NksVh                rtZqek % vkSj t+kns jkg tks csgrjhu t+kns jkg gS og rD+ok gS vkSj
efLtn dks ;s Qt+hyr gkfly ugha gSA                                         ,s vd+Yeanksa esjk rD+ok bf[+r;kj djksA
            tks yksx eDdk ds jgus okys gSa mu ds fy, gje                             gt+jr vkne (v-) ds csVs dkchy dh dqckZuh bl
“kjhQ esa ufQy uekt+] ufQy rokQ+ ls vQ+t+y gSA exj tks                     fy, dq+cwy ugha gqbZ Fkh D;ksa ds mlesa rD+ok dk tT+ck uk FkkA
yksx nqljs “kgjksa ls vkrs gSa mu ds fy, ufQ+y rokQ+] ufQ+y
uekt+ vkSj nqljh bcknr ls T+;knk vQ+t+y gSA bl fy, gj                                   vYykg rvkyk Q+ekZrk gSA
gkth dks ikWap oD+r dh uekt+ gje “kjhQ esa i<+uk pkfg;s vkSj
T+;knk ls T+;knk rokQ+ djuk pkfg;sA
                                                                           rtZqek % vYykg eqRrd+h;ksa gh ls d+cqy QekZrk gSA
           mij fn, x, oD+r ds fglkc ls vki [kqn vUnkt+k                              jlwy vYykg (l-) us gTtrqyfonk ds ekSd+s ij
dj ldrs gSa fd ,d fnu esa vki dks fdruk oD+r pyuk vkSj                     QekZ;k%
gje esa cSB dj barst+kj djuk gSA
          gqtq+j (l-) dk b”kkZn gS ds ^^d+oh eksfeu det+ksj                rtqZek % rd+ok ;gkWa gksrk gS vki (l-) us rhu ejrck vius lhus
eksfeu ls csgrj gS**A D;ksa ds d+oh eksfeu nhu ds cgksr lkjs oks           eqckjd dh rjQ b”kkjk djrs gq, QekZ;kA
dke dj ldrk gS] tks det+ksj eksfeu ugha dj ldrkA                                     bl fy, gt ds lQ+j ij tkus ls igys lkjh rS;kfj;ksa
           gqtq+j (l-) ds b”kkZn ds eqrkfcd+ tks yksx flQZ ftgkn           ds lkFk vius fny dh dSfQ+;r dks Hkh lokjsaA gkth dgykus dh
ds fy, ?kksM+s ikyrs gSaA mUgsa ?kksM+s ds [kkus ihus] pyus ;kuh ml        pkg] fn[kkok] lSj o rQ+jhg dh fu;r] [kw+c [k+jhnh dh rS;kjh
ds gj dke ij lokc feyrk gSA                                                ox+Sjg dk bjknk Hkh gt dh fu;r ds lkFk gks rks rkSck bLrx+Q+kj
                                                                           dhft, vkSj [k+kfyl [k+qnk dh [k+q”uwnh ds fy, gt ds lQ+j dh
           ge vkSj vki vxj viuh lsgr bl ed+ln ls                           rS;kjh dhft,A
csgrj cukus dh dksf”k”k djsa fd bU”kkvYykg vPNh lsgr ls
ge bLyke vkSj eqlyeku ds Q+ykg vkSj csgcqnh ds fy, dke
djsaxs rks vius csgrj lsgr cukus dh dksf”k”k esa Hkh ge dks                          blkbZ ;k ;gwnh dh rjg ekSr
lokc feysxkA                                                                                 eq”jsdhu eDdk f”kdZ djrs Fks exj gt Hkh djrs Fks] tc fd blkbZ vkSj
                                                                            ;gwnh [k+qnk dks ekurs Fks] jkst+s vk[kh+jr ij bZeku j[krs Fks] tUur vkSj tgUue ds Hkh
           MkWDVjksa dk dguk gS ds gj “k[+l dks fnu esa de ls               d+k,y Fks vkSj jkst+s Hkh j[krs Fks] exj gt uk djrs FksA gt bLyke dk ikWapokWa vkSj
de 20 feuV rd rst+ pyuk pkfg;s] bl ls fny dk nkSjk]                         vge :dqu gSA tks gt djus dh bLrsrkvr j[kus ds ckn Hkh gt uk djs ,Sls balku ds
                                                                            fy, gqt+wj (l-) us l[+r ukjkt+xh dk bT+gkj fd;k gSA eqantkZt+Sy gnhl dk eQ+gqe gS
Mk;fcVht+ vkSj nqljh cgqr lkjh fcekjh;kWa ugha gksrhA ;k                    ds ,Sls 'k[+l dk cx+Sj gt fd;s ejuk blkbZ ;k ;gwnh dh rjg ejuk gSA
dUVksy esa jgrh gSaA
                                                                            gnhl “kjhQ+ % gt+jr vyh eqrZqt+k (jt+h) ls fjok;r gSA jlwj vYykg (l-) us b”kkZn
           bl fy, gt ds fy, tks lc ls igyh rS;kjh vki dks                   QekZ;k% ftl ds ikl lQ+js gt dk t+:jh lkeku gks vkSj bl dks ,Slh lokjh Hkh
                                                                            e;Llj gks tks cSrqYykg rd bl dks igaqpk lds] fQj Hkh og gt uk djs] rks dksbZ Q+dZ
djuk gS og ;s gS fd lqcg vkSj “kke de ls de 30 feuV pysa                    ugha fd og ;gwnh gksdj ejs ;k uljkuh gksdjA (tkek frfeZt+h)
vkSj viuh lsgr dks csgrj cukus dh dksf”k”k djsaA                                             vkSj ;g bl fy, fd vYykg rvkyk dk b”kkZn&,&vkyh gS fd%
       gje 'kjhQ igWqpdjHkh viuh lsgrdk [;ky j[ksA gte                       ^^vYykg ds fy, cSrqYykg dk gt Q+t+Z gS mu yksxksa ij tks bl rd tkus dh bLrsrkvr
                                                                            j[krs gksa vkSj tks bUdkj djs rks vYykg rvkyk nqfu;k tgku ls cs fu;kt+ gSA** (vkys
gksusokyk gydk vkgkj ysaA Qyksa dk bZLrseky [kwc djsA ges'kk                bezku 97)
                                                                      10
                       gt ds nkSjku jkLrk Hkwyus vkSj
                            [kks tkus dk eLyk
                                                                           fQV cl Msiks rd pyuk gSA bl ,vjiksVZ ds gj [kEcs ij uacj
1- eDdk eqdj~jek esa [kksus dk eLyk %                                      fy[ks gq, gSaA cl Msiks rd rks xkbZM vkidks jkLrk crk nsaxsA
       gje “kjhQ+ dh efLtn esa 92 njokt+s gSaA ftu ij uacj                 exj nwljh fdlh t#jRk Lks vxj vki nwj tkrs gSa rks vki dk
fy[ks gq, gSaA dqN njokt+ksa ij uacj ugha gSaA mUgsa Hkh fxuk tk,          lkeku ftl [kEcs ds ikl gS] mls t+#j uksV dj ysaA
rks 100 ls T+;knk njokt+s gSaA u;s vkneh dks lc njokt+s ,d                 3- feuk esa jkLrk Hkwyus dk eLyk %
tSls yxrs gSaA bl fy, tc igyh ejrck vki gje “kjhQ+ tk,sa                           feuk esa vDlj gj “k[+l ,d ckj jkLrk t+:j Hkwyrk gSA
rks ftl njokt+ ls nkf[k+y gksa ml dk uacj uksV dj ysaA vkSj                bl fy, vxj vki feuk dk tqxjkfQ;k vPNh rjg le> ysa rks
mlh njokt+s ls ckgj vk,saA                                                 bU'kk vYykg jkLrk ugha HkwysaxsA feuk nks igkM+ksa ds njfe;ku
       tc vki gje “kjhQ+ ds vanj eqrkQ+ (lsgu) esa gksaxs rc               ,d oknh dk uke gSA bl oknh esa eDdk dh rjQ ls nkf[ky gksrs
Hkh pkjksa rjQ+ lkjs njokt+s vki dks ,d tSls yxsaxsA igpku ds              gh ^tejkr* ;kuh 'kSrku dks dadjh ekjus dk ed+ke igys gS]
fy, gqdqer us ikWap vge njokt+ksa ij ikWap vyx vyx jax dh                  fQj ml ds ckn [kseksa dk flyflyk gSA oknh ds nwljh rjQ
esgjkcsa cuk nh gSA tc vki gje esa nkf[k+y gksa rks bu jaxksa dks          fudysa rks vk/ks fdyks ehVj dh nwjh ij ^eqT+nYQk* gS] fQj vkSj
vPNh rjg igpku ysa vkSj blh rjQ+ ds njokts+ ls ckgj                        vkxs tk,sa rks 6 fdyks ehVj dh nwjh ij ^vjQkr* gS
fudysaA njokt+ksa dh esgjkcsa vkSj mu ds jax bl rjg gSaA                            feuk yEckbZ esa clk gS bldh pkSM+kbZ de gSA jkLrk vkSj
                                                                           [k+sek uk Hkqyus ds fy, lc ls igys vki tejkr dh txg
   njokt+s dk uke        esgjkc             flEr (rjQ+)
                         dk jax                                            igpku fyft,A fQj feuk ds mij pkSM+kbZ de fd flEr esa rhu
1- ckcs vCnqy vt+ht+     gjk      ;s njokt+k uacj 1 gS vkSj feLQ+yk        iqy gSaA bu dk uke ;kn dj fyth,A tejkr ls ut+nhd igys
                                  bykd+s dh rjQ gSA                        iqy dk uke gS fdax [kkfyn fczt nwljs iqy dk uke gSa fdax
2- ckcs lQ+k             lQ+sn    ;s fgTjs vLon ds lkeus lQ+k              vCnqy vtht fczt] frljk iqy feuk ls ckgj eqT+nYQk dh
                                  igkM+h dh rjQ+ gSA tgakW ls lbZ          ljgnn ij gSA mldk uke fdax QSly fcztA T;knk rj
                                  “kq: dh tkrh gSA                         fgaUnqLrkuh [kses igys vkSj nqljs iqy ds vklikl gh gksrs gSA
3- ckcs Q+rg             uhyk     ;s ejok igkM+h dh rjQ gSA                frljh vkSj lcls vge fu'kkuh dh vkSj [kses dk iRrk feuk esa
                                                                           yxs [kEcs gS ftuij uEcj yxs gksrs gSA vxj vki flQZ bu
4- ckcs mejk             flysVh   ;s njokt+k uacj 62+ gSA                  [kEcksij fy[ks uEcj Hkh uksV dj ys rks dksbZ Hkh vki dks vki ds
5- ckcs Q+gn             ihyk     ;s njokt+k uacj 92+ gSA “kkg             [kses rd igqWpk nsxkA
                                  Q+gn us gje ds ,d fgLlk dh
                                  cgqr T+;knk rkSlhg dh gS ftl esa         4- ,grs;kr vkSj rnchjsa %
                                  80 gt+kj yksx uekt+ i<+ ldrs             (1)    eDdk eqdjZek vkSj enhuk equOojk igqWqprs gh gksVy ds
                                  gSaA ;s esgjkc mlh fgLls dh rjQ+         dkWmVj ls mudk 'kU[kkrh dkMZ ekWax ys vkSj ges'kk vius ikl
                                  gSA                                      j[ksA
                                                                           (2) ,grs;kr ds rkSj ij ,d NksVh lh Mk;jh vkSj isu tsc esa
xsV uacj 62 ds ckgj xqe”kqnk yksxksa vkSj lkeku dk vkfQ+l gSA              j[kk dhft, vkSj bl esa eqantkZt+Sy ckrsa uksV fd;k fdth, %
vxj vki xsV Hkwy tk,sa vkSj vdsys ?kj tkus dh fgEer ;k
,rekn uk gks rks xsV uacj 62 ds ikl vkfQ+l esa igqWap tk,saA                     vki ds d+;ke xkg dh flEr esa gje “kjhQ ds njokt+s dk
og xkbZM ds t+fj;k vki dks vki ds ?kj ;k eqvfYye ds                              uacjA
vkfQ+l igqWapk nsaxsA                                                            vki ds d+;ke xkg ds ikl ds e”kgqj gksVy ;k nqdkuksa ds
                                                                                 UkkeA
2- ftn~nk ,;jiksVZ ij [kks tkus dk eLyk %                                        feuk esa vki ds [k+sek ds ut+nhd [kEcs dk uacjA
      ftn~nk ,;jiksVZ cgqr olh vkSj vjht+ gSA vkSj bl                            jkst+ ej~jg dk vki dk [k+pZA
,;jiksVZ ij vki dks dkQ+h nsj #duk gS vkSj rdjhcu 300
                                                                      11
bl ls vki dks viuk fBdkuk ryk”k djus esa vklkuh gksxh                                   (i)       ,d xzqi dk gj Q+nZ ,d gh tSlk dksbZ fu”kku vius
vkSj [k+pZ ctV ds vUnj jgsxkA                                                           diM+s ;k Vksih ;k nksiV~Vs ij yxk,s jgrk gS] tSls yky fjcu ;k
                                                                                        diM+s ds Qqy ox+Sjg bl ls ,d nqljs dks igpkUus esa vklkuh
(3) rokQ+ djrs oD+r vxj nks yksx Hkh lkFk gksa rks vyx                                  gksrh gSA
vyx gks tkrs gSa bl fy, ,d nqljs dk gkFk et+cqrh ls idM+us
ds cnys gje “kjhQ+ esa nkf[k+ys ds oD+r gh vkil esa r; dj ysa                           (ii) ,d xzqi esa fdlh ,d “k[+l ds gkFk esa dksbZ fu”kkuh dh
fd bcknr [k+Re dj ds dgkWa vkSj dc feysaxsA gj ,d gje                                   pht+ gksrh gS tks og cqyan fd;s jgrk gS] tSls >aMk] Nrjh] ydM+h
“kjhQ+ esa nkf[k+y gksrs oD+r ckgj ls njokt+k dk uacj uksV dj                           ox+SjgA xzqi ds ckd+h ds yksx ml fu”kku dks ns[k dj ml xzqi
ysa vkSj eqrkQ+ ;k [k+kuk dkck ds lsgu dh rjQ+ ls tks esgjkc                            yhMj ds ihNs pyrs jgrs gSa vkSj [kks tkus ij nwj ls gh igpku
ml njokt+k dh rjQ gS ml dk jax uksV dj ysa (njokt+s dk                                  dj vk feyrs gSaA
uke vkSj uacj nksuksa rjQ+ fy[ks gq, gSa exj vklkuh ds fy,
eqrkQ+ dh rjQ ls ikWap vge njokt+ksa dh esgjkcsa Hkh vyx                                     ;s nksuksa rjhd+s yksx rokQ+ djrs oD+r Hkh bLrseky djrs gSaA
vyx jax dh gSaA bl ls Hkwyus dk Mj de jgrk gSA) fQj vxj                                 (iii) rhljk rjhd+k eksckbZy dk bLrseky gSA exj bls ml oD+r
rokQ+ djrs djrs lkFk NqV tk, rks lkFkh dks ryk”k djus ds                                bLrseky djsa tc dksbZ pkjk uk gksA eqrkQ+ vkSj gje “jhQ+ ds
cnys bcknr tkjh j[ksa vkSj igys ls r; “kqnk txg vkSj oD+r                               vanj eksckbZy can gh j[ksa vkSj gje ls ckgj vkdj bLrseky
ij gje “kjhQ ds njokt+s ij feysaA                                                       djsaA efLtn ds vanj nqfu;knkjh dh ckrsa djus ij Q+fj”rs ykur
(4) feuk vkSj vjQ+kr esa Hkh HkhM+ esa lkFk NqV tkus dk Mj
                                                                                        Hkstrs gSaA vkSj efLtn&,&gje esa fd;k x;k ,d xqukg ,d yk[k
jgrk gSA ogkWa rks vki igys ls txg Hkh r; ugha dj ldrsA bl                              xqukg ds cjkcj gSA
fy, ogkWa yksx eqantkZt+Sy rnchj ,[k+fr;kj djrsa gSaA



                                                        tUur dh rkehj
(1) ^^ukQsmY[k+yk,d+^^ esa gS fd ,d jkst+ ,d ,jkch jlwy (l-) dh                         rkehj djrs jgrs gSa tc rd mu ds ikl rkehj dk lkeku igqWaprk jgrk gSA
f[k+ner esa vk;k vkSj fQ+D+j o Q+kd+k ls jks;kA jlwy (l-) us Q+ekZ;k ds gj              tc rkehj dk lkeku igqWapuk cUn gks tkrk gS rks Q+fj”rs Hkh dke jksd nsrs
Q+t+Z uekt+ ds ckn nl ckj ^bUuk vUt+Yuk*] ^lqjg dnz* i<+k djks vkSj tqek                gSaA vkSj ;s rkehj dk lkeku eksfeu ds usd vkeky gSa tks oks nqfu;k esa djrk
ds fnu uk[k+qu dVok;k djksA ,jkch us ,Slk gh fd;k vkSj ekynkj gks x;kA                  gSA
(2) ,d ckj ,d lgkch us gqt+qj (l-) ls QekZ;k ds ;k jlwy vYykg                           (7) nqfu;k dh ft+Unxh bruh eL:Q+ gS ds gekjs ikl vkf[k+jr vkSj
(l-) nqfu;k eq> ls :B xbZ gSA gqt+qj (l-) us Q+ekZ;k lqcg 100 ckj                       viuh tUur laokjus dk oD+r gh ugha gSA vc tc ds lQ+j gt ds fy, ge
                                                                                        us nqfu;k ls pkyhl fnu dh NqV~Vh ys gh yh gS] rks bl lqugjs ekSd+s dk
                                                                  i<+k djksA            Q+k;nk mBk dj viuh tUur Hkh laokj ysaA ge dksf”k”k djsa ds viuh
                                                                                        vklkuh ds eqrkfcd+ n:n “kjhQ+] bLrx+Q+kj vkSj rfLcgkr dk eqrokft+u
dqN fnu ds ckn og lgkch okil vk, vkSj dgk fd ;k jlwy vYykg (l)                          bcknr dk ekewy cuk,saA vkSj pkyhl fnu bl ij vey djrs jgsa ftl ls
vYykg rvkyk us eq>s bruk fn;k gS fd j[kus dh txg ughaA                                  fd ,d vknr lh iM+ tk, vkSj fQj okil tkdj blh bcknr ij vey
vYykg rvkyk dks ;s dyekr lkjs dyekr ls T+;knk ilan gSaA gqt+qj (l-)                     djuk vklku gksA vxj fjT+d+ esa cjdr okyh rfLcgkr i<+sxs rks
us Q+ekZ;k fd ;s dyekr dgus esa vklku vkSj ot+u esa cgqr Hkkjh gSA                      ba”kkvYykg lokc rks feysxk gh vkSj lkFk esa ekyh gkyr Hkh vkSj csgrj
(3) gqt+qj (l-) fnu esa lRrj lRrj ckj bLrx+Q+kj i<+k djrs FksA                          gksxhA
(4) n:n “kjhQ+ ds brus Q+k;ns gSa ds ;gkWa c;ku djuk eqf”dy gSA lkysghu                 d+qjvku “kjhQ+ i<+us ds Hkh cgqr Q+t+kby gSaA bl eqd+n~nl lQ+j esa de ls
vkSj vkSfy;k djke dh bcknr dk T+;knk rj fgLlk n:n “kjhQ+ gksrk FkkA                     de nks ckj d+qjvku “kjhQ+ Hkh [k+Re djus dh dksf”k”k djsaA vxj ,d NksVk
(5) lqjg Q+krsgk cgqr gh ckcdZr lqjg gSA vYykg rvkyk us dq+jvku                         d+qjvku “kjhQ+ ftls vklkuh ls gje esa ys tk ldsa lkFk ys ysa rks vkSj
“kjhQ+ esa bl dh rkjhQ+ lkr vk;rksa okyh ckcdZr lqjg ds uke ls fd;k gSA                 vklkuh gksxhA vlj ds tekr ds ckn erkQ vkSj efLtn , gje ds
bl ds i<us ls jkst+h esa cjdr gksrh gS] chekfj;ksa ls f”kQ+k gksrh gS] d+t+Z nwj        njE;ku lgu esa cgksr lkjs myek dk c;ku gksrk gSA mnqZ esa c;ku njoktk
gksrk gS vkSj fdlh rjg ds Hkh ftUu vkSj “k;krhu ijs”kku djrs gksa rks lqcg              uEcj 50 vkSj 52 ds lkeus gksrk gSA vki Hkh mu c;ku esa 'kkehy gks dj
lqUur vkSj Q+tZ ds njfe;ku 41 ckj i<us ls nwj gks tkrs gSaA                             vius bZeku dks rkt+k fd;k fdth, A
(6) esjkt dh jkr gt+jr bczkghe (v-) us gqt+qj (l-) ls Q+ekZ;k ds                         jetku dk mejkg
tUur ,d ohjku eSnku gS tc cUnk nqfu;k esa vYykg rvkyk dk ft+Dj                           gtjr vCnqYykg fcu vCckl (jft) ls fjok;rs ds jlqy
djrk gS rks ,d [k+qclqjr nj[+r tUur esa bl ds fy, yxk;k tkrk gSA ,d
nqljh fjok;r esa gS ds Q+fj”rs eksfeu dk egy tUur esa ml oD+r rd                         vYykg (l-)us QekZ;k jetku dk mejkg gt djus ds
                                                                                         cjkcj gS tks esjs lkFk dh;k tk,A (cq[kkjh&eqfLyhe)
                                                                                   12
                                                  gokbZ lQ+j
gokbZ lQ+j % (?kj ls tn~nk rd)                                          1- vCnqYyk HkkbZ ds yxst dk ot+u 145 fdyks xzke T+;knk
                                                                        FkkA bl fglkc ls mUgsa 1170 fj;ky vnk djuk Fkk vkfQ+ljksa
         gkth;ksa ds gokbZ tgkt+ esa lhV uacj ugha gksrk gSA vxj        ds feUur lektr djus ij mUgksa us 1000 fj;ky dj fn;kA
vki dks vius xzqi vkSj vPNh lhV ij cSBuk gks rks cgqr igys              vCnqYykg HkkbZ us 1000 fj;ky Hkj fn;k vkSj mudk lkeku
gokbZ vM~Mk igqWap tk,saA tSls fdlh “kkgdkj dks ns[k dj vki             tgkt+ esa yksM gksus ds fy, jokuk gks x;kA
ml ds cukus okys dh dkjhxjh vkSj gquj dk vUnkt+k djrs gSaA              2- fulkj HkkbZ dk X;kjg yksxksa dk xzqi FkkA lkeku cgqr
blh rjg vYykg rvkyk dh d+qnjr dks ns[k dj vki dks                       T+;knk Fkk vkSj vnk djus ds fy, :I;k ughaA lkeku ot+u djus
vYykg rvkyk ds vT+er dk vankt+k gksxkA tgkt+ dk lQ+j                    okys dbZ vkWfQ+lj vyx vyx dkmWUVj ij gksrs gSaA ftuesa dqN
ikWap ?kaVs dk gksrk gS ftlesa “kq: ds rhu ?kaVs tgkt+ leqanj ds        t+:jr ls T+;knk l[+r vkSj dqN ds fny esa gkth;ksa ds fy, cgqr
mij ls xqt+jrk gSA bl fy, vki dks dqN ut+j ugha vk,xkA                  bT+t+r vkSj jge gksrk gSA fulkj HkkbZ us ,d d+qyh ls viuk
exj ckn ds nks ?kaVs tc og vkseku vkSj lmnh ij ls xqt+jsxk              fny c;ku fd;k vkSj dgk HkkbZ dksbZ jkLrk crkvks dq+yh jge
rks vthc vthc eat+j vki dks ns[kus dks feysaxsA                         fny vkWfQ+lj dks igpkurs gSa ml us fulkj HkkbZ dk lkeku ,Sls
        esa us lgjk ns[kk ftl esa ehyksa rd leqanj Fkk exj jsr          vkWfQ+lj ls ot+u djk;k ftl us cgqr T+;knk fj;k;r nh vkSj
dkA vkfr”k&fQ'kk igkM+ ns[ks exj eqatfenA lmnh ds bl ,d                 de :I;k yxk dj yxst Dyh;j djok fn;kA fulkj HkkbZ us Hkh
rsgkbZ fgLlk esa dksbZ balku ugha jgrkA exj lkbUl ds eqrkfcd+           viuh [k+q”kh ls d+qyh dks dqN buke ns fn;kA
;gk ij Hkh lgjkbZ tkuojksa] lkWai vkSj fdM+s edksM+ksa dh iqjh          3- tkQ+j HkkbZ dk vkB yksxksa dk xzqi Fkk vkSj lkeku cgqr
nqfu;k vkckn gSA vt+he [k+kfyd+ ogkWa Hkh tgkWa ,d cqan ikuh            T+;knk FkkA bUgksaus ,d d+qyh dks fj”or ns dj lkeku cx+Sj dqN
ugha ftldh pkgs nqfu;k clknsA                                           vnk fd;s fudkyus dk ekeyk r; fd;kA lkeku ot+u gksx;k
       vxj vki dks [k+qnk dh d+njr ns[kuk gS rks tgkt+ esa              vkSj cx+Sj :I;k vnk fd;s tgkt+ ij yksM gksus pyk x;kA dqN
igys igqWap dj vPNh lhV ij cSB tk,saA lhV vxj vkxs ;k                   nsj ckn dq+yh nksM+rk gqvk vk;k vkSj dgus yxk ds vki dk
ihNs gksxh rks ut+kjk lkQ+ gksxkA ojuk tgkt+ ds ij ls vkM+ gks          lkeku jn dj fn;k x;k gSA mu dk lkeku okil dj fn;k
tkrh gSA                                                                x;kA tkQ+j HkkbZ ds yk[k feUur lektr djus ij ds eSa T+;knk
                                                                        ot+u dk fdjk;k nsus dks rS;kj gqWa fQj Hkh ,;jiksVZ ds vkWfQ+lj
gokbZ lQ+j % (tn~nk ls ?kj rd)                                          jkt+h ugha gq,sA tkQ+j HkkbZ dks viuk cgqr lkjk lkeku ,;jiksVZ
                                                                        ij ykokfjl NksM+ dj okil fganqLrku ykSVuk iM+kA ,;jiksVZ ij
      fgUnqLrku ls lmnh ds lQ+j gj “k[+l dks 35 fdyks xzke              ekStwn gt dehVh ds ,jkdhu us ;d+hu fnyk;k ds vk[k+jh
vkSj okilh esa 55 fdyks xzke lkeku tgkt+ esa ys tkus dh                 Q+ykbZV ls os lkeku gt dehVh ds vkWfQ+l Hkst nsaxs exj ckn
btkt+r gSA 10 fdyks xzke vkcs t+e t+e vki dks fgUnqLrku                 esa D;k gqvk bl dh dqN [k+cj ughaA
igqp dj ,;jiksVZ ij gh feysxkA tgkt+ esa ikuh vkSj l;~;ky
eknk ys tkus dh fcYdqy btkt+r ugha gSA                                                      fjT+d+ eas cdZr
       fgUnqLrku ls tn~nk ds lQ+j esa veyk yxst ds ot+u ij                 gt+jr vCnqYykg bCu eLmn (jth+) ls fjok;r gS] jlwy
T+;knk /;ku ugha nsrk exj okilh esa cgqr l[+rh djrs gSaA 55                vYykg (l-) us b”kkZn Q+ekZ;k fd] gt vkSj mejk is nj
fdyks xzke ls T+;knk gj fdyks xzke ij vki dks 13 fj;ky                     is fd;k djks D;ksa fd gt vkSj mejk nksuksa Qdz o
fdjk;k nsuk gksxk bl fy, 55 fdyks xzke ls T+;knk lkeku uk                  eksgrkth vkSj xqukgksa dks bl rjg nqj dj nsrs gSa ftl
yk,saA eSa okilh ij tn~nk ,;jiksVZ ij rhu dsl ns[ks ftls c;ku              rjg yksgkj vkSj lksukj dh HkV~Vh yksgs vkSj lksus pkWUnh
djrk gqWaA bls i<+ dj vki [kqn QS+lyk fdft, fd vki dks D;k                 dk eSy dqpSy nwj dj nsrh gSA vkSj gt ec:j dk flyk
djuk gS\                                                                   vkSj lokc rks cl tUur gh gSA
                                                                                                          (Tkkek frfeZt+h] fulkbZ)
                                                                   13
              gt ds [k+kl fnuksa esa lokjh dk eLyk

,glku dk cnyk %                                                                   tks yksx cl ds igyh fVªi esa lokj gksrs gSa os nqfu;koh
                                                                         uqD+rk ut+j ls pqLr] pkykd vkSj lokjh dh eqf”dyksa ls okfd+Q
     vki ds ?kj esa vxj nl yksx jg jgs gksa vkSj chl esgeku              gksrs gSaA tks lc yksx ls igys igqWap dj /kDde isy dj ds cl
ckgj ls vktk,sa vkSj vki us mu dh [k+q”k fnyh ls f[k+ner dh              esa lokj gks tkrs gSaA
rks esgeku dk D;k Q+tZ curk gS\ esgeku dks pkfg;s fd vki ds
,glku dk cnyk cjkcjh ds ,glku ls pqdk,SaA                                        tks yksx lcz dj ds vkSj nsj rd barst+kj dj ds nqljh
                                                                         fVi esa lQ+j djrs gSaA os vDlj lh/ks lkns] lokjh dh rdyhQ+ks
                                                                         ls ukokfd+Q+ vkSj HkhM+ HkkM+ ls drjkus okys yksx gksrs gSaA
       rhl ls pkyhl yk[k yksx gt ds v;~;ke vkSj jet+ku                   vk[k+jh fVi gksrh gh ughaA D;ks fd rhljh fVi rd eaft+y ij
myeqckjd esa eDdk “kgj igqWaprs gSA tks eDdk “kgj dh vkcknh              igqWapus dk oD+r [k+Re gks pqdk gksrk gSA bl fy, og yksx ftUgksa
ls dbZ xquk T+;knk gSA “kgj ds yksx vkSj gqdwer gj rjg ls                us gt dh rfcZ;rh rkyhe gkfly dh gS vkSj tks elkby dk
gkth;ksa dh f[k+ner djrs gSaA bl fy, gkth;ksa dks pkfg;s ds mu           bYe j[krs gSaA os cx+Sj cl dk barst+kj fd;s iSny ;k izk;osV
fjT+d+ esa cdZr vkSj [k+q”kgkyh dh nqvk djsaA (eDdk esa nkf[k+y          VSDlh cx+Sjg ls gh py nsrs gSaA felky ds rkSj ij vxj vki dks
gksrs oD+r vkSj cl esa bl nqvk dks vki i<+rs Hkh gSa) vkSj vxj           feuk ls vjQ+kr tkuk gS rks igyh cl Qtz ds Q+kSju ckn pyh
vki ls mu dks Q+k;nk igqWaprk gS rks mls [k+”kh ls gksus nsaA rax        tkrh gSA vkSj nqljh fVªi ds fy, d+jhc 11 cts okil vkrh gSA
fny uk gksa] ogkWa ds gksVy] nqdkusa] cl] VSDlh ox+Sjg dh cM+h           vkSj gkth;ksa dks ysdj 2 cts rd vjQ+kr igqWaprh gSA rhljh
vkenuh dk t+jh;k gt vkSj jet+ku mYeqckjd ;s nks eokds+ gh                fVªi ds fy, vxj okil vkuk gqvk rks fQj vjQ+kr igqWaprs
gSa bl fy, vxj bu nks ekSd+ksa ij vki dks ,slk eglwl gks fd os           igqWaprs “kke gks tk,xh vkSj oD+r [k+Re gks pqdk gksxkA bl fy,
T+;knk dek jgs gSa rks bl dk mu dks gd+ gSA vkSj vki dks bu              rhljh fVªi gks gh ugha ikrhA
dh enn djuh pkfg;sA vkSj T+;knk :I;k cx+Sj rax fny gq, nsuk                   3- iSny lQj fdruk eqf'dy gSa\
pkfg;sA                                                                  1- eDdk 'kjhQ ls feuk rdjhcu 4-5 ls 5 fdyks ehVj nwj gSA
       gt+jr cjhn (jt+h) ls fjok;r gS ds gqtqj (l-) us b”kkZn            2- feuk fd yEckbZ rdfjcu 1-5 ls 2 fdyks ehVj gSA
QekZ;k ds gt esa [k+pZ djuk ftgkn esa [k+pZ djus dh rjg gSA              3- eqt+nyQk feuk ls fcYdqy yxk gqok gSA
       ,d gnhl esa gt+jr vkbZ”kk (jt+h) ls ejoh gS ds                    4- feuk ls vjQkr 6-5 fdyks ehVj gSA
gqtqj (l-) us QekZ;k ds rsjs mejs dk lokc rsjs [k+pZ ds cd+nz gS         5- lQk vkSj ejok fd nqjh 395 ehVj gSA
;kuh ftruk T+;knk bl ij [k+pZ fd;k tk,xk mruk gh lokc                    6- tc vki [kkus dkckg dk rokQ eqdkesa bczkfge ds fcYdqy
gksxkA                                                                   djhc ls djrs gS rks ,d pDdj esa vki 150 ehVj dk lQj
                                                                         djrs gS ;kuh lkFk pDdj esa ,d fd-eh- ls dqN T;knk pyrs gSA
lokjh dk barst+ke %                                                      7- tc vki [kus dkckg dk rokQ dkcs 'kjhQ ls 100 fQV fd
        gt ds ekSd+s ij rhl ls pkyhl yk[k yksx ,d gh oD+r esa            nqjh ;kuh erkQ+ ds vk[kjh fgLls ls djrs gSA rks rdjhcu ikSaus
,d rjQ+ lQ+j djrs gSa brus T+;knk yksxksa ds fy, ,d gh oD+r              nks fd-eh- fd nwjh r; djrs gSA
lokjh;ksa dk barst+ke djuk eqfEdu gh ughaA bl fy, eqvfYye                8- lQk vkSj ejok fd nwjh 395 eh gSa ;kuh lkr pDdj esa
dk barst+ke yksxksa dks rhu fVªi (Trip) esa cl ds t+fj;k eaft+y          vki rdfjcu ikSaus rhu fd-eh- pyrs gSaA
igqWapkuk gksrk gSA lM+d ij yksxksa ds vt+ngke vkSj eksVj                9- mejk esa vxj vki [kkus dkck ls 100 fQV fd nwjh ls
xkM+h;ksa dh HkhM+ dh otg ls os eqf”dy ls nks fVªi dj ikrs gSaA          rokQ djrs gSa vkSj lQk vkSj ejok ds lkFk pDdj yxkrs gSaA
vk[k+jh fVªi ds frgkbZ 1@3 yksxksa dks ;k rks viuh eaft+y rd             rks 4-5 fdyks ehVj fd nwjh r; djrs gS ;kuh eDdk ls feuk fd
iSny ;k izk;osV VSDlh gh esa lQ+j djuk iM+rk gSA                         nwjhA vxj vki mejk vklkuh ls dj ldrs gS rks eDdk ls
                                                                    14
feuk Hkh vklkuh ls vkSj mrus gh oDr esa tk ldrs gSaA                      igqprs gSa oks T;knk ls T;knk txgks dks ?ksj ysrs gSA ftlls
10- tc vki eDdk igqWqprs gh mejk djrsa gSa rks mejk djrs                  vkf[kj esa vkusokys dks lkeku j[kus fd txg Hkh ugh fey
oDr viuh ftLekuh rkdr dk Hkh vUnktk dj ysaA vxj vki                       ikrhA vxj ,Slk gks rks lcz ls dke fyth, fdlh dksus esa lkeku
cMh vklkuh ls mejk dj ysrs gS rks eDdk vkSj feuk dk                       j[kdj fnunkj yksxksa dks tek fdth, vkSj vkSjrks ds insZ ds
njE;kuh lQ+j Hkh vki cMh vklkuh ls dj ysaxsaA                             fy, [kses ds njE;ku dk ijnk fxjkdj vkSjrk dks [kses ds ,d
11- ,d ckj mejk djus ds ckn dqN nsj vkjke djus ds ckn                     rjQ djus fd dksf”k”k fdth,A
vxj vki lQk vkSj ejok ds lkFk pDdj vkSj yxk ldrs gSa                      ,Slk djus ls lc dh ?ksjh gqbZ t+k,n txg vkt+kn gks tkrh gSA
rks vki feuk vkSj vjQkr ds njE;ku dk lQj Hkh vkjke ls                     fQj balkQ+ ds lkFk vkil ds lqyg o e”ojs ls gj ,d dks bu
dj ldrs gSA                                                               ds vklkuh ds eqrkfcd+ txg fnth,A “kjh;r ds mlqyksa ij
12- yksx fnu esa ikWap ls lkr ckj rokQ djrsa gSa ;s eDdk vkSj             pyus ls uk flQZ vk[k+jr dh ft+Unxh cfYd nqU;koh ft+Unxh Hkh
feuk ;k vjQkr fd nwjh ls Hkh T;knk pyuk gS exj D;qfd ,d                   vklku gks tkrh gSA
gh txg ij pyuk gksrk gS blyh, fgEer ca/kh jgrh gS vkSj                    2- feuk ls vjQ+kr ds lQ+j ds fy, vxj cl vklkuh ls
feuk vkSj eDdk ;k feuk vkSj vjQkr dk lQj Hkh iSny ugha                    vkSj cx+Sj dksbZ rdfyQ fey tk, rks Bhd gSA ojuk izk;osV
fd;k gqok gksrk gSaA blfy, bl ckjs esa lkspdj fgEer VqV tkrh              VSDlh ls lQ+j fdth,A iSny er tkbZ,s D;ksa ds vki dks vHkh
gS blfy, vius igys mejs ckjhdh ls xkSj fdth,A viuh dwor                   iwjh rkd+r fnu Hkj dh bcknr ds fy, cpk dj j[kuk gSA
dk vUnktk yxkb;s vkSj [kqnk fd enn ij Hkjkslk djds T;knk                  vjQkr ds djhc igqWpdj vki dks yksxks dk ,d leanj utj
ls T;knk iSny lQj djus fd dksf”k'k fdth,A                                 vk,xkA exj [+kcjnkj jfg,! tgk yksx gS ogk vjQkr ds
                                                                          eSnku dk gksuk t+#jh ugh gaSA vjQkr dk eSnku ,d egnwn
t+krh e”ojk &%                                                            txg gSa ftldh fu”kkunsgh dj nh x;h gSA odwQvjQk
       esjs t+krh e”ojk vki dks ;s gS ds vki fups fn, x,                  ¼vjQkr esa oDr fCkrkuk½ dk QtZ blh txg jgdj bcknr
rjhd+s ls lQ+j fdth,A                                                     djus ls vnk gksxkA efLtn&,&uejk dk dqN fgLlk vkSj
                                                                          vklikl dk cgqr lk bykdk vjQkr ds gqnwn ds ckgj gSaA tc
1- feuk tkus ls igys eqvfYye ls [k+sek dk uD+”kk ys                       vki vjQkr ds eSnku esa nkf[ky gksus yxs rks gjQkr ds gn dk
fyth,A eDdk esa vki dh fjgkbZ”kxkg ls feuk tkus ds fy, cl                 cksMZ t:j ns[k ysaA
dk barst+kj fdth,A vkSj cl esa gh lQ+j fdth, D;ksa ds                               eqtnyQk ls vjQkr ds rjQ dqy 11 lMds tkrh gS
eqvfYye 7 rkjh[k+ dh jkr ls gh gkth;ksa dks feuk egqWapkuk “kq:           ftu esa ls 2 flQZ iSny pyus okyksa ds fy, vkSj 9 eksVj
dj nsrs gSaA vkSj 8 rkjh[k+ dks 12 cts vki dks feuk igqWapuk              xkMh;ksa ds fy, gSaA iSny pyusokyh nks lMds eqtnyQk esa
gksrk gSA bl fy, cl esa vDlj vkjke ls txg fey tkrh gSA                    efLtn vy'k;:y gjke ls fudyrh gSA bl esa lM+d uECkj
                                                                          ,d efLtn , uejk vkSj lMd uEcj nks tcy , jger rd
nwljh otg ;s Hkh gS fd cl vki dks vki ds [k+sek rd igqWapk                x;h gSaA bu lMdkas ij rjhd&vy&e'kk jDde ,d ;k nks fy[kk
nsxhA igyh ckj [k+sek <qaMuk Hkh ,d cM+k elyk gSA vxj                     gqqok jgsxkA iSny pyus okyh lM+d uEcj ,d eksVj xkMh;ksads
eqvfYye jkr esa gkth;ksa dks feuk igqWapkuk ugha “kq: djrk rks            lMd uEcj 4 vkSj 5 ds njE;ku gSA vkSj iSny pyus okyh
lqcg esa cgqr HkhM+ vkSj vQ+jk rQ+jh gksxhA ,Sls gkykr esa vki            lMd uEcj 2 eksVj xkMh;ksads lM+d uEcj 7 vkSj 8 ds
lqcg Q+tz ds ckn gh feuk iSny py nhft,A                                   njE;ku gSA
         vxj vkids lkFk vkSjrsa vkSj cq<s+ gSa tks py ugh ldrs                  efLtn , uejk vjQkr esa nkf[ky gksrs gh gSA bl dk
                                                                          eqtnyQk fd flEr dk ,d fgLlk vjQkr ds gqnwn ds ckgj gSA
rks vki lcj fdth, vkSj nwljh ;k frljh cl fd fVªi ls feuk                  tc ds tcys jger vjQkr eSnku ds njE;ku gSA bu nksuksa
igqWapsA D;qds vkB rkjh[k dks feuk igqpdj vkidks flQZ ikWap               txg ij cgwr T;knk HkhM+ gksrh gSA vxj vkids xzqi esa T;knk
oDr fd uekt i<+uk gSA vxj vki nksigj 2 cts Hkh ehuk                       yksx gks vkSj vkSjrs vkSj detks+j yksx gks rks bu nksuksa txgksa ls
igWqprs gS rks Hkh ikWapksa oDr fd uekt vklkuh ls i<+ ldrs                nqj gh jgsa rks csgrj gS ojuj ,d nqljs lsa fcNM+ tkus dk [krjk
gSaA                                                                      jgrk gS A
         vxj vki py ldrs gS vkSj vki ds ikl feuk dk uD”kk                 3- gj lky rdjhcu 35 ls 40 yk[k yksx gt djrs gSaA
Hkh gS vksj [+kSek ryk”k dj ysus dk gkSlyk Hkh gS rks vYykg dk            exj eDdk “kjhQ+ ls feuk vkSj feuk ls vjQ+kr dk lQ+j yksx
uke ysdj iSny lQj “kq# dj fnth,A                                          3 ls 4 ?kaVs ds oDQ+s esa djrs gSaA ;kuh fdlh us 3 ?kaVs igys vkSj
                                                                          fdlh us 3 ?kaVs ckn lQ+j “kq: fd;kA exj vjQkr ls eqT+nYQ+k
          feuk ds [kS+es esa rdjhcu 70 yksaxksa dks j[kk tkrk gSaA        dk okilh dk lQ+j yksx ,d lkFk] ,d gh oDr esa lwjt Mwcrs
yksx cMh eqf”dy ls [ks+es es lks ikrs gSaA tks yksx feuk igys             gh djrs gSaA bl fy, og xkfM;kWa tks vjQ+kr ds vk[kjh fljs ij
                                                                     15
;kuh efLtn&,&uejk ls nwj gksrh gSa og ,d gh txg ij 3 ls                          rd yxk, tkrs gSaA bl fy, ;s lQ+j iSny gh fdth, vkSj brus
4 ?kaVs [kM+h jg tkrh gSa vkSj eqT+nYQ+k jkr ds 3 ;k 4 cts                       uT+nhd ds fy,s “kk;n vki dks lokjh Hkh uk feysxhA
igwWaprh gSaA ftl ls ex+fjc vkSj b”kk dh uekt+sa d+t+k gks tkrh gSaA
eqT+nYQk dh jkr cgqr vge gSA vYykg rvkyk us dqjvku                               5-     rokQ+ ft+;kjr%
“kjhQ+ esa “kcs d+nz dh flQZ Q+t+hyr c;ku dh gS fd ;s ,d jkr                              tSlk fd igys c;ku gks pqdk gS fd eDdk “kjhQ ls feuk
gt+kj jkrksa ls T+;knk vQ+t+y gSA exj vYykg rvkyk us                             dh nwjh flQZ lk<s pkj ls ikap fd-eh- gSA bruh nwjh rks vki
eqT+nYQ+k dh jkr esa vYykg rvkyk dks ;kn djus dk gqDe                            ,d mejs esa rS dj ysrs gSA eDdk ls feuk vkSj feuk ls eDdk
dqjvku “kjhQ+ esa bu vYQkt+ esa fn;k gSA                                         lQ+j vki iSny gh rS dhft,A vxj vki iSny pyrs gsa rks ;g
^^tc vjQkr ls okil gksus yxks rks e”vjs gjke ¼;kuh                               lQj vki 30 feuV ds oDQs esa dj ysaxsA lokjh ls nks ls rhu
eqT+nYQ+k½ esa [kqnk dk ftØ djks] vkSj bl rjg djks ftl rjg                       ?kaVs Hkh yx ldrs gSaA lokjh ds eqf”dykr ls okfd+Q lmnh
ml us rqe dks fl[kk;k vkSj bl ls igys rqe yksx ¼bu rjhdksa ls                    gqdqer us bl eq[+rlj lQ+j ds fy, csgrjhu lM+dsa vkSj lqjax
egt+½ uk okfd+Q+ FksA** ¼lwjg cDjk&198½                                          cuk, gSaA jkLrs esa lk;k Hkh fd;k gSA vkSj ikuh dk barst+ke Hkh
vxj eqT+nYQ+k vki oDr ij igwWap dj bcknr djuk pkgrs gSa                          gSA vxj vki us Vªkyh ys yh gksxh rks lQ+j vkSj Hkh vklku gks
rks iSny pyus ds flok dksbZ pkjk ugha gSA vjQkr ls eqT+nYQ+k                     tk,xkA feuk ls eDdk ds fy, okilh ds iSny lQ+j dh ,d
rdjhcu 6 fdyks ehVj gSA vjQkr ls eqT+nYQ+k ds lQj esa 20                         vkSj otg ;s Hkh gS ds vki dks 12 rkjh[k+ ds ex+fjc ls igys
yk[k yksx vki ds lkFk iSny lQj dj jgs gksaxsA bu lc ds                           feuk ls fudy tkuk gSA vius [k+ses ls vxj vki oD+r ij iSny
lkFk vki dks pyuk cgqr vPNk yxsxkA vkSj vxj vki Bgj                              jokuk gq,s rks ;d+hu ds lkFk feuk ls ex+fjc ds igys fudy
Bgj dj vkjke ls pysa rc Hkh 2 ls 3 ?kaVs esa eqT+nYQ+k igwWap                    tk,saxsA cl ds lQ+j esa vxj VªkfQ+d tke gks rks dHkh dHkh cl
tk,axsA                                                                          ;k VSDlh ,d ls nks ?kaVk txg ij gh [kM+h jg tkrh gSA bl fy,
                                                                                 vxj vki lgh oD+r ij Hkh vius [k+ses ls fudysa exj lokjh
        vkSj vxj Fkd x,s gksa] vkSjrsa vkSj cw<+s lkFk gksa rks fQj              esa cSBs cSBs lwjt xq:c gksus rd vki vxj feuk esa jg tkrs gSa
izk;osV VSDlh ls lQ+j dhth, D;ksa fd cl rks vLj dh uekt+                         rks vki dk feuk esa jguk vQ+ty gksxkA
[k+Re gksrs gh Nr ds mij rd Hkj tkrh gS vkSj vly vjQ+kr
esas nqvk dk oD+r vLj ls ex+fjc dk gSA bl nkSjku vki [kw+c                       6- gje ds VsDlh Mªkboj%&
fny yxk dj bcknr dhft, vkSj vkjke ls ex+fjc ds oD+r                              gje ds VsDlh Mªkbojksa ls vius d+;kes gje esa fgQ+kt+r dhft,A
pfy;sA                                                                           vkSj VsDlh Mªkbojksa ij dHkh Hkh Hkjkslk er dhft,A bu esa ls
4- eqT+nYQ+k vkSj feuk dh ljgnsa feyh gqbZ gSA vkSj vc rks                       vDlj x+Sj eqfYd vkSj eqfTjekuk t+gfu;r ds gSaA mu ds t+fj,
feuk ds [k+ses txg dh deh gksus dh otg ls eqT+nYQ+k ds vUnj                      /kksdk nsus vkSj ywVus dh vDlj oknkZrsa gksrh gSaA


                                                     [k++lkjs dk lkSnk
               eDdk vkSj enhuk equOojk esa gje “kjhQ dh efLtnksa dk              lqugjs ekSd+s ccZkn dj nsrs gSaA
ekgkSy bruk iqj uwj vkSj iqj ldqu gS fd yksx ?kaVksa ;qaW gh lsgu vkSj                        bl fy, tc Hkh gje esa cSBsa rks nqfu;knkjh dh ckrksa ls
ckgj dh [kqyh txgksa ij cSBs jgrs gSaA uekt+ dk bUrst+kj djrs gSaA               ijgst+ djsaA vkSj tekvr “kq: gksrs gh igys vxyh lQ+ksa dks iqj dj
vkSj vt+ku gksus ij ogha eqlYyk fcNk dj uekt+ i<+us yxrs gSaA                    ysaA
               ftruh nsj efLtn esa cSB dj uekt+ dk bUrst+kj fd;k                         Ckkgjh lsgu cgqr iqdZf”k”k gSA vkSj ogkWa cSBuk Hkh vklku gS
tk, og bUrst+kj dk oD+r Hkh uekt+ esa “kqekj gksrk gS vkSj ml dk Hkh             blh fy, tekvr “kq: gksrs gh ckgjh lsgu rks [kpk [kp Hkj
lokc feyrk gSA exj gkth gt+jkr nks otgksa ls ;s csgrjhu lokc                     tkrk gSA exj igyk eaft+yk] Nr vkSj rg[k+kuk [k+kyh jgrk gSA uekt+
dekus dk ekSd+k [kks nsrs gSaA cfYd dHkh dHkh rks xqukgxkj Hkh gksrs gSaA        “kq: gksus ds ckn vxj dksbZ vanj tkuk Hkh pkgs rks ugha tk ikrk ;k
               igyh otg rks ;s gS ds vDlj gkth gt+jkr bu oD+rksa es              cgqr rdyhQ+ ls tk ikrk gSA
vkil esa nqfu;knkjh dh ckrsa fd;k djrs gSaA ftl ls lokc ugha                             bl rjg tkus okys uekft+;ksa dks jksdus dk ocky Hkh ckgj
feyrk cfYd uekt+ i<+us dh txgksa ij nqfu;knkjh dh ckr djus                       uekt+ i<+us okyksa ij gksxkA bl fy, Hkys gh vki lsgu esa cSB dj
okyksa ij Q+fj”rs ykur Hkstrs gSaA vkSj nqljh ;s gS ds tc Hkh tekvr              uekt+ dk bUrst+kj djsa exj uekt+ “kq: gksus ds igys vanj pys tk,sa
“kq: gks rks igys vxyh lQ+ksa dks Hkjuk pkfg;sA vxj vxyh lQ+                     vkSj vanj dh txgsa iqj djsaA vanj gje “kjhQ dh efLtn iqjh rjg
[k+kyh gSa rks cx+Sj vxyh lQ+ksa dks Hkjs ihNs nqljh lQ+ cukus ls uekt+          Hkj tkus ds ckn gh ckgj uekt+ i<s+A
ugha gksrhA
               bu ckcdZr efLtnsa tgkWa lokc yk[kksa vkSj djksM+ksa esa                   vYykg rvkyk vki dh bcknr dks d+cwy Q+ekZ, vkSj
dek;k tk ldrk gSA vius uQ+l ds t+jk lh [k+q”kh ds fy, ge ,Sls                    gt&,&ec:j vrk Q+ekZ,A vkehu
                                                                            16
                                    gje “kjhQ+ vkSj feuk ds
                                     d+;ke esa insZ dk eLyk
1- gt+jr vkbZ”kk (jt+h) dk b”kkZn gS fd ge gqt+qj (l-) ds                 fgDer vkSj eLysgr ls yksxksa dks jkt+h dj ds [k+sek ds nfeZ;ku
lkFk ,gjke dh gkyr es gksrs Fks exj tc x+Sj egje enZ gekjs                dk inkZ fxjk dj eLrqjkr ,d rjQ vkSj enZ nqljh rjQ+ gks
lkeus ls xqt+jrs rks ge inkZ dj fy;k djrs FksA                            tk,saA
2- ,gjke esa vkSjrksa dk psgjk vkSj gkFk [kqyk jguk t+:jh gSA             5- gt ds ekSd+k ij gje “kjhQ+ esa vDlj rokQ+ ds fy,
exj insZ dk tks bLyke esa “kjbZ gqDe gS og [k+Re ugha gksrk gSA           cgqr HkhM+ gksrh gSA [k+kl dj :dqu ;ekuh vkSj fgTj vLon ds
,gjke dh gkyr esa Hkh vkSjrksa dks oSls gh inkZ djuk gS tSls x+Sj         nfeZ;kuA blh nkSjku vDlj yksxksa ds ftLe ,d nqljs ls Nwrs
,gjke dh gkyr esa djuk gSA                                                jgrs gSaA vxj ihNs ls yksxksa dk T+;knk ncko vk, rks vius vki
3- eDdk vkSj enhuk “kjhQ+ ds D+;ke esa ,d dejk esa N% ls                  dks lkeus okys ls nwj j[kuk cM+k eqf”dy gksrk gSA
vkB ;k ml ls Hkh T+;knk yksxksa dks j[kk tkrk gSA vxj lkjs                        bl fy, vxj eqfEdu gks rks vkSjrksa dks de HkhM+ ds
yksx mej njkt+ vkSj cqt+qxZ gksa rks bruh rdyhQ+ ugha gksrh               vkSd+kr esa rokQ+ djus ds fy, dgsaA tSls lqcg 11 cts] nksigj
vxj mu esa toku vkSj de nhunkj gksa rks eLrqjkr dk mu ds                  2 ls 3 cts vkSj jkr esa 1 ls 3 cts cx+SjgA igys eaft+ys vkSj
nfeZ;ku cx+Sj insZ ds lksuk cgqr ek;qc vkSj rdyhQ+nsg dke gSA             Nr ij Hkh HkhM+ de gksrh gSA bl fy, vxj ogkaW rokQ+ djsa rks
dejk esa edku ekfyd dh rjQ+ ls insZ dk dksbZ barst+ke ugha                Hkh csgrj gSA ysfdu igys eaft+ys vkSj Nr ij nk;jk cM+k gksus
gksrkA insZ ds fy, vki dks ?kj ls [k+qn inkZ] jLlh vkSj dhysa             dh ots ls rokQ+ dh e”kDdr cgqr c<+ tkrh gSA
ox+Sjg ys tkuk gksxkA vkSj edku ekfyd dh btkt+r ls dejs esa               6- vkSjrksa ds ihNs ;k cx+y esa enksZa dh uekt+ ugha gksrhA bl
dhysa yxk dj inkZ djuk gksxk bl fy, gt ds lQ+j ij tkrs                    fy, gje esa ekStqn iqfyl vkSjrksa dks ihNs dh lQ+ksa dh rjQ+
oD+r gh ;s lkeku lkFk ysrs tk,saA insZ ds diM+s vkSj jLlh ox+Sjg          Hkstrh jgrh gSA vxj vki rokQ+ ds fy, eLrqjkr dks bl fy,
vki dks okilh ds lQ+j ij vki ds yxst ds mij cka/kus ds Hkh                vius lkFk ys tkrs gSa fd dgha jkLrk Hkqy uk tk,sa] rks uekt+ ls
dke vk,saxsA                                                              dqN nsj igys mUgsa vkSjrksa dh uekt+ dh txg [k+qn ys tk dj
4- feuk esa d+jhc 70 enZ vkSj vkSjrksa dks ,d gh [k+sek esa               cSBk nsaA vkSj uekt+ ds ckn fQj vius lkFk ys ysaA ugha rks ,d
jguk gksrk gSA ;s [k+sek 30 ls 40 fQ+V dk gksrk gSA gqdqer us             vkSjr dh otg ls de ls de rhu gkth;ksa dh uekt+ [k+jkc
bu [k+seksa esa dqyj vkSj ykbZV dk cgqr vPNk barst+ke fd;k gSA            gksxhA ,d nk,sa nqljk ck,sa vkSj rhljk ihNs vkSj ml dk xqukg
lkFk gh [k+sek ds chp esa insZ dk barst+ke Hkh gSA tks ds “kq: esa        vkSj vt+kc vki dks gksxkA
yiVk gqvk gksrk gSA
      eDdk esa tks yksx vki ds dejk ds lkFkh vkSj iM+kslh gSa ;gh
yksx feuk esa vki ds [k+sek esa gksaxsA eDdk ds d+;ke ds oD+r gh            cPps dk gt%
nhunkj yksxksa dks igpku fyth,A vkSj gks lds rks igys ls gh                        gt+jr lkbc ¼jft-+½ fcu ;t+hn ls fjok;r gS fd
r; dj fyth,A feuk igqWap dj lc ls igys insZ vkSj uekt+                      esjs cki us gTtrqy fonk esa eq>s jlwy vYykg ¼l-½ ds
ck&tekvr dk dke djuk gSA ;s dke cgqr ukt+qd gS vkSj                         lkFk gt djk;kA ml oDr eSa lkr lky dk Fkk A ¼cq[kkjh½
igys ls gh vkB nl vkneh dk bu nksuksa dkeksa ds fy,                         cPps ds gt dk lokc ekWa dks%
ge&[k+;ky gksuk t+:jh gSA
      ,d Q+Seyh ds enZ vkSj vkSjrksa dk lkeku vkSj [kkuk ihuk               gtjr bCus vCckl ¼jft+-½ ls fjok;r gS fd jlwy vYykg
                                                                            ¼Lk½ jksgk esa ,d dkfQ+ys ls feys A vki ¼l-½ us Q+jek;k]
,d lkFk gh gksrk gSA bl fy, ;s ckrs vDlj yksxksa dks cgqr                   rqe yksx dkSu gks\ vtZ+ fd;k ge eqlyeku gSa vkSj vki
fxjkW x+qt+jrh gSA vkSj og tYnh insZ ds fy, jkt+h ugha gksrsA exj           dkSu gSaA Qjek;k eSa vYykg dk jlwy gwWaA rks ,d vkSjr us
tc vkB nl enZ insZ dh fgek;r djsaxs rks vkSj yksx nc tkrs                   ¼dtkos ls½ cPps dks Åapk dj ds fn[kk;k vkSj vt+Z fd;k
gSaA D;ksa fd ;s “kjh;r ds gqDe ij vey Hkh gSA                              ^D;k bl ds fy, gt gS\ vki ¼l-½ us Qjek;k] gkWa gS
      feuk igqWap dj lkjs yksxksa dks bdV~Bk dj fyth, vkSj                  ySfdu lokc rqe dks feysxkA
                                                                     17
                                 feuk ds d+;ke esa
                             uekt+ ck&tekvr dk eLyk
1½ feuk igqWap dj insZ ds lkFk nqljk vkSj lc ls vge vkSj                    T+;knk ls T+;knk bcknr dh dksf”k”k djuh pkfg,A eqlkfQj dh
eqf”dy dke tks vki dks djuk gS] og gS [k+sek esa ck&tekvr                   uekt+ eqdkeh beke ds ihNs gks tkrh gS bl fy, dksf”k”k djds
uekt+ dk barst+keA feuk esa efLtn&,&[k+SQ+ gSA vxj [k+sek                   ,sls “k[l dks beke cuk;k tk, tks fd eqdkeh gksA bl ls og
efLtn ls nwj gks rks ogkWa rd ikaWpksa oD+r igqWapuk cM+k eqf”dy            gkth tks eqdkeh gSa vkSj ftu ij ^dlj* ykft+e ugha gS mUgsa
gksrk gSA bl fy, [k+sek esa ck&tekvr uekt+ dk ,grseke djsaA                 pkjksa jdvr beke ds lkFk uekt+ i<+us dk ekSdk feysxkA vkSj
2½ feuk ds d+;ke esa bcknr ds fy, vYykg rvkyk us [kkl                       eqlkfQj gt+jkr tks T+;knk nks jdvr uekt+ i<+saxs rks ml dk
rkdhn Q+jekbZ gSA vYykg rvkyk Qjekrs gSa%                                   mUgsa Hkh T+;knk lokc feysxkA ¼vxj lc eqlkfQj gSa rks beke
    tc gt ds reke vjdku iwjs dj pqdks rks ¼feuk esa½ [k+qnk dks             dk eqlkfQj esa ls bars[kkc djuk vkSj lc dk dlj i<+uk T+;knk
;kn djks ftl rjg vius cki nknk dks ;kn fd;k djrs Fks] ml                    vQ+t+y gSA½
ls Hkh T+;knkA ¼lwjg cd+jk vk;r%200½                                        6½ uekt+ ds bykok Hkh T+;knk ls T+;knk ufQ+y i<+us dh
          vkSj ¼feuk ds d+;ke½ ds fnuksa esa ¼tks½ fxUrh ds ¼pan fnu        dksf”k”k djsaA ;k de vt+ de uekt+ i<+us dh txg ij gh 15
gSa½ [k+qnk dks ;kn djksA vxj dksbZ tYnh djs ¼vkSj½ nks gh fnu esa          feuV ls vk/kk ?kaVk cSB dj rLchg i<+rs jgsaA bl ls nwljksa dks
¼py ns½ rks bl ij dqN xqukg ughaA vkSj tks ckn rd Bgjk jgs                  Hkh bcknr djus dk “kkSd+ gksxkA vxj vki viuh uekt+
ml ij Hkh dqN xqukg ughaA ¼lwjg cd+jk½A bl fy, feuk esa                     eq[rlj djds QkSju txg ls mB tk,saxs rks pwafd uekt+ vkjke
cgqr T+;knk bcknr djuk pkfg,A exj vke rkSj ij yksx ogkWa                    djus dh txg ij gh gksrh gSA bl fy, bl [kkSQ+ ls fd nwljksa
lSj o rQ+jhg] cgl eqckfgls vkSj Qqt+wy ckrksa esa oDr xaokrs                dks rdyhQ gksxh gj dksbZ eq[rlj djds txg [kkyh djus dh
jgrs gSaA                                                                   dksf”k”k djsxkA bl fy, “kjhvr tgkWa rd btkt+r ns iwjh uekt+
                                                                            i<+us dh dksf”k”k djsa vkSj ufQ+y uekt+ vkSj rLchgkr dk Hkh
3½ feuk esa rhu otwgkr dh fcuk ij ,d tekvr cuk dj                           [kwc ,grseke djsaA
uekt+ i<+uk eqf”dy gksrk gSA
                                                                            7½ nks eksvfT+tu vkSj nks beke eqd+jj dj ysaA rkds vxj
          ¼d½ uekt+ ds oDr ij yksxksa dh uk bŸksQkdhA                       ,d fdlh otg ls x+Sj&gkft+j gks rks nwljk t+:j vt+ku ns lds
          ¼[k½ eLyd dk elykA                                                vkSj uekt+ i<+k ldsA uekt+ dk oD+r Hkh dkx+t+ ij fy[kdj
          ¼x½ dlj uekt+ dk elykA                                            [ks+es esa yVdk nsa rkdh lc dks ges”kk ;kn jgsA
          gqt+wj ¼l-½ dk bj”kkn gS] fd tks esjh ,d lqUur ft+ank                       vYykg rvkyk eqlyekuksa esa bŸksgkn iSnk djsA bZekus
djsxk mls 100 “kghnksa ds cjkcj lokc feysxkA                                dkfey vrk Qjek, vkSj nqfu;k o vkf[kjr nksuksa txg
          tekvr cuk dj uekt+ i<+uk gqt+wj ¼l-½ dh lqUur gSA                 dke;kc Qjek,s] vkehuA
bl fy, dksf”k”k dj ds tekvr ls uekt+ i<+saA vkSj Åij                        dlj uekt+ dk c;ku%&
c;ku fd, x, rhuksa otwgkr dks vkM+s vkus uk nsaA
                                                                                     vxj dksbZ vius “kgj ls 78 fd- fe- nwjh ds lQj dk
4½ feuk ds [kses esa igqWaprs gh igys ijns dk ,grseke djsaA                 bjknk djrk gS rks ml “k[l dk vius “kgj dks NksM+rs gh
fQj reke yksxksa dks ,d txg tek djds uekt+ ck&tekvr                         eqlkfQj esa “kqekj gksxkA
dh dksf”k”k djsaA vkSj ,sls “k[l dks beke cuk,sa ftl ds ihNs
nwljs eLyd okyksa dks uekt+ i<+us esa djkfg;r uk gksA¼ftu                            vxj og “k[l eaft+y ij igwWap dj 15 fnu ls de jgus
gt+jkr dks djkfg;r gks rks ckn esa og [kew”kh ls viuh uekt+                 dk bjknk j[krk gS rks ml “k[l dk nwljs “kgj esa Hkh eqlkfQj
nksgjk ysa] exj gqt+wj ¼l-½ dh tekvr ls uekt+ i<+us dh lqUUr                gh esa “kqekj gksxkA vkSj 15 fnu ls T+;knk jgus dk bjknk gks rks
dks uk NksM+saA                                                             fQj og “k[l flQZ jkLrs ds lQj esa gh eqlkfQj gksxk vkSj
                                                                            eaft+y igwWap dj eqdkeh gks tk,xkA
5½ pwafd vYykg rvkyk Qjekrs gSa fd vYykg rvkyk dks
feuk esa T+;knk ls T+;knk ;kn djksA bl fy, “kjhvr ds nk;js esa                       eqlkfQj ds fy, 4 jd~vr okyh QtZ+ uekt+ 2 jdvr
                                                                            gksaxhA ftUgsa ^dlj* dgrs gSaA
                                                                       18
         eqlkfQj vxj lqUur vkSj ufQy uk i<+s rks dksbZ xqukg                guQh eLyd ds eqrkfcd mls dlj uekt+ i<+uk ykft+e gSA
uk gksxkA vxj Ik<+ ysa rks mls lqUUr vkSj ufQy ds eqrkfcd gh                tc fd nwljs eLydksa ds eqrkfcd flQZ tk;t+ gS] ykft+e ughaA
lokc feysxkA ¼lokc de u gksxkA½                                                    lÅnh myek dk eLyd gacyh gS] bl fy, lÅnh esa
         eqlkfQj ds fy, QtZ+ uekt+ ds bykok Q+tz dh 2 lqUUr                 lkjh uekt+s guQh eLyd ds uekt+ ds oDr ls cgqr igys i<+h
vkSj b”kk dh 3 fo= i<uk ykft+e gSA                                          tkrh gSaA fdlh Hkh efLtn esa gacyh eLyd ds oDr ds eqrkfcd
         eqlkfQj vxj eqdkeh beke ds ihNs uekt+ i<+rk gS rks                 vxj vki tekvr ls uekt+ i<+rs gSa rks vki dh uekt+ gks
ml dh uekt+ fcyk djkfg;r nq:Lr gksxhA vkSj mls beke ds                      tk,xhA ysfdu vxj vki vdsys uekt+ i<+rs gSa ;k feuk esa lkjs
lkFk iwjh uekt+ i<+uh gksxhA                                                gkth guQh eLyd ls gSa vkSj viuh vyx tekvr cuk dj
                                                                            uekt+ i<+rs gSa rks mUgsa guQh eLyd ds eqrkfcd tks uekt+ dk
         eqdkeh gt+jkr vxj eqlkfQj beke ds ihNs uekt+ i<+rs
                                                                            oDr gS ml oDr ij uekt+ i<+uk pkfg,A
gSa rks mu dh Hkh uekt+ gks tk,xhA exj tc beke dlj dh 2
jd~vr uekt+ Ik<+ dj lyke Qsjs rks eqdkeh gt+jkr cx+Sj lyke                         feuk vkSj eqT+nYQ+k] eDdk “kgj esa nkf[ky “kqekj fd, x,
Qsjs mB dj ckdh 2 jd~vkr iwjh dj ysaA                                       gSaA bl fy, vxj eDdk vkSj feuk dk d+;ke eTewbZ rkSj ij 15
                                                                            fnu ls T+;knk gksrk gSa rks gkth eqdhe gksxkA vkSj mls iwjh uekt+
         eqlkfQjr ds v¸;ke esa tc eqlkfQj rUgk uekt+ i<+s rks
                                                                            i<+uh gksxhA


                                                      igys dkSu \
               eSa 50 fdyks dk nqCyk iRyk bUlku gqWa] tc eqlYys ij          vkSj vYykg rvkyk est+cku gSaA vxj est+cku dks [kq+”k djuk gS
[kMk+ gksrk gqWa rks vk/kk eqlYyk [k+kyh jgrk gSA gje “kjhQ esa eq>s        rks blds esgekuksa dh f[k+ner dks viuk uLcqy,Su cukuk gksxkA
ml txg uekt+ i<+us dk cgqr “kkSd+ Fkk tgkWa ls [k+kuk,s dkck lkQ            vki esgeku ls >xM+k djds] /kDdk nsdj] ihNs <dsy dj] mls
ut+j vk,sA blh fy, eSa oD+r ls igys gje igqWap tkrk vkSj ekStqWa            rDyhQ igqWapkdj dHkh est+cku (vYykg rvkyk) dks [k+q”k ugha
txg eqlYyk fcNkdj cSBk jgrkA tSls tSls uekt+ dk oD+r d+jhc                  dj ldrsA [k+qnk uk djs ds vki ls Hkh bcknr dh rkSQ+hd+ fNu
vkrk] vkus okys yksxksa dh HkhM+ c<+rh tkrhA tc lkjh [k+kyh txg             tk, ;k bcknr ykSVk nh tk,A blfy, ,;jiksVZ ij] cl vM~Ms
Hkj tkrh rks yksx nks uekft+;ksa ds nfeZ;ku dqN txg cuk dj                  ij ;k dgha Hkh tc ;s loky gks fd igys dkSu rks vki dk tokc
cSBus yxrs A                                                                gksuk pkgh;s ds igys vYykg rvkyk dk esgeku fQj eSaA
         pwaWfd esjk vk/kk eqlYy rks [k+kyh gh gksrk Fkk bl fy, esjs               jlqyvYykg (l-) us gtrqyfonk ds ekSd+s ij QeZk;k
cx+y esa dksbZ uk dksbZ t+:j vktkrkA vkSj vxj dksbZ lsgrean
gkth vk tkrs rks vkfgLrk vkfgLrk og eqlYyg ds chp esa gksrs
vkSj eSa fdukjsA vkSj bl rjg vDlj eSa us uekt+ nks eqlYyksa ds
chp esa i<+h] vkSj ;s ckr eq>s ukxokj x+qt+jrhA
         ,d fnu eSa us fny eSa QSlyk fd;k ds vkbank fdlh dks                        rqEgkjk [k+wu] rqEgjk eky vkSj rqEgkjh bT+t+r rqe ij blh
vius eqlYys ij txg uk nqWaxkA esjk bruk lkspuk Fkk ds nwljs fnu             rjg gjke gS] ftl rjg ds vkt dk fnu bl “kgj esa vkSj bl
ls esjs oD+r ls igys gje tkus vkSj viuh eu&ilan txg ij                      ekg esa gjke gSA (;kuh eqlyeku dks fdlh Hkh rjg rdyhQ+
uekt+ i<+us dh rkSQhd+ fNu xbZA eSa [k+qn nsj ls tkus yxkA nqljksa          igqaWpkuk gjke gSA gqt+wj (l-) dk b”kkZn gS ds
ls xqt+kfj”k dj ds nfeZ;ku esa txg cuk dj cSBus yxkA ;gkWa rd
ds dHkh dHkh eqlYyk Hkh uk ys tk ikrk vkSj tuojh ds l[+r
lnhZ;ksa esa cQZ dh rjg BaMh Q”kZ ij fdlh dksus ;k fdukjs uekt+             eqlYeku oks gS ftl dh t+cku vkSj gkFk ls nwljs eqlYeku
i<+rkA vkf[k+j cgqr rkSck bLrx+Qkj ds ckn fQj rkSQ+hd+ ulhc                 lykerh esa jgsaA
gqbZA                                                                              gt+jr vcq gqjSjk (jt+h) ls fjok;r gS ds jlqyvYykg (l)
         fdlh gkth ds fy, flQZ cnxqekuh dh ;s lt+k ds bcknr                 us b”kkZn Q+ekZ;k] gt mejk djus okys vYykg rvkyk ds
dh rkSQ+hd+ fNu tk,s] rks tks yksx gkth;ksa dks rDyhQ+ igqWapkrs gSa        esgeku gSaA vxj oks vYykg ls nqvk djsa rks oks mu dh nqvk
mudk D;k gksxk\                                                             d+cwy Q+ekZ, vkSj vxj oks bl ls ex+fQ+jr ekWaxs rks oks mu dh
         tks dksbZ Hkh [k+qnk ds ?kj vkrk gS og [k+qnk dk esgeku gS         exf+Q+jr QekZ,A

                                                                       19
                                              eLyd dk eLyk
        fjok;kr esa gS fd cuh bLjkbZy esa ,d cqt+qxZ FksA mUgksaus             r; dh gSA vc esa us tks iakWp lkS lky rd rqe ij ,glkukr
vYykg rvkyk ls nqvk dh ds ;k vYykg! rq eq>s nqfu;k dh                          fd;s vkSj viuh usersa vrk dha ml dk rqe us dSls “kqdz vnk
fQ+Ø ls vkt+kn dj ns] rkds esa “kc o jkst+ rsjh bcknr fd;k                     fd;k ml dk fglkc nks\
d:WaA vYykg us mu dh lqu yhA mu dks ,d tt+hjk ij igqaWpk                              cuh bLjkbZy ds cqt+qxZ ltns esa fxj x,sA rkSck dh vkSj
fn;kA tt+hjk ij ,d vukj dk isM+ mxk fn;k vkSj ,d p”ek                          Q+ekZ;k% ,s vYykg] cs”kd rq ftls vius Q+T+y ls c[+”k nsxk flQ+Z
tkjh dj fn;kA og cqt+qxZ jkst+ ,d vukj [kkrs] p”ek dk ikuh                     ogh tUur esa tk,sxkA
ihrs vkSj lc o jkst+ [k+qnk dh bcknr esa e”xq+y jgrsA                                 gt+jr mej Q+k:d+ (jth-) dk d+kSy gS ds vxj vYykg
        viuh iakWp lkS lky dh mej esa og cx+Sj xqukg fd;s                      rvkyk eq>s tgUue dh lt+k nsxk rks ;s ml dk vn~y (balkQ)
eqlYly bckny djrs jgsA mu dh oQ+kr ds ckn tc Q+fj”rksa                         gksxk vkSj vxj eq>s tUur vrk djsxk rks ;s ml dk Q+T+y
us mUgsa [k+qnk ds gqt+qj is”k fd;k rks vYykg rvkyk us Q+ekZ;k ds              gksxkA
tk esa us rq>s vius Q+T+y ls c[+”k fn;kA                                              uch&,&djhe (l-) Q+ekZrs gSa%
        cqtq+xZ dks cM+k vthc lk yxk] vkSj mu ds fny esa ,d
xqeku lk xqt+jk ds esjh cf[+”k”k rks iakWp lkS lky dh bcknr
lcc gSA vYykg rvkyk us vius Q++T+y ls eq>s dSls c[+”kk\
        vYykg rvkyk rks fnyksa dh ckr Hkh tkurk gSA ml us
Q+fj”krksa dks gqDe fn;k ds bUgsa tUur esa ys tkvks exj iSnyA
                                                                               rtqZek % rqe esa fdlh dks fdlh dk vey futkr ugha fnyk,sxk
        tUur dk jkLrk tgUue ds mij ls gks dj xqt+jrk gSA
iqy fljkr tks ds tgUue ds mij gS ml ij ls gj ,d dks ikj                                    cfYd vykg dk Q+T+y futkr fnyk,sxkA
gksuk gSA vYykg ds usd cans bl iqy ls fctyh dh rst+h ls xqt+j                          uekt+ ds fy,s ikdh “krZ gSA vxj ekeqyh lh Hkh xanxh
tk,saxs] exj tks usd ugha mUgsa eqf”dy gksxhA                                  diM+ks esa ;k ftLe esa yxh gks rks uekt+ ugha gksrhA vki gkyrs
        tc Q+fj”rs cuh bLjkbZy ds cqt+qxZ dks iSny tUur ds                     tukcr esa gksa] xanxh vki ds ftLe vkSj diM+ksa ij yxh gks vkSj
rjQ+ ys dj pys rks tSls tSls tgUue ut+nhd vkrh xbZ xehZ                        ikuh eq;Llj uk gks rks vYykg rvkyk Q+ekZrk gS fd rS;eqe dj
dh f”kn~nr c<+rh xbZA cqt+qxZ dks I;kl yxh vkSj xyk lw[kus                     ds uekt+ I<+ yksA (vfUulk % 43)
yxkA tc vkSj d+jhc igqaWps rks I;kl f”kn~nr bl d+nj c<+h fd                            rS;eqe esa feV~Vh ij gkFk ekj dj psgjs vkSj gkFk dk
cnkZ”r ls ckgj gksxbZA bl oD+r ,d gkFk uewnkj gqvkA ml                         elg djuk gksrk gSA D;k flQ+Z feV~Vh ls elg djus ls xanxh
gkFk esa ,d xykl ikuh FkkA ml us cqt+qxZ ls dgk ;s ikuh                        nwj gks tkrh gS\ ugha ;s flQ+Z ,d Q+keZyhVh (vey) gSA vly esa
[k+jhnuk pkgrs gks rks [k+jhn yksA ct+qxZ dh I;kl ls tku tk jgh                vYykg rvkyk vki dh fu;r] vki dk [k+qyql] vkSj vki dh
FkhA iqNk fdrus esa nksxsA vkokt+ vkbZ] iakWp lkS lky dh bcknr                 dksf”k”k ns[krs gSa vkSj blh ds fcuk ij ,Slh bcknr tks fd d+cqy
ds cnysA ct+qxZ ds ikl iakWp lkS lky dh bcknr rks Fkh gh]                      djus yk;d+ Hkh ugha d+cqy dj ysrs gSaA
Q+kSju bcknr ns dj ikuh [k+jhn fy;k vkSj ih fy;kA                                      vYykg rvkyk lkjh dk;ukr ds [k+kfyd+ o ekfyd gSaA
        tc Q+fj”rksa us cqt+qxZ dh usfd;ksa ds t+[k+hjs dks [k+kyh ik;k        mUgsa fdlh dh btkt+r dh t:jr ugha vkSj uk fdlh dks vius
rks tUur dk lQ+j jksd fn;k vkSj okil [k+qnk ds gqtq+j esa is”k                 fd;s dk fglkc nsuk gSA og tSlk pkgsa oSlk djsaA
fd;kA                                                                                  og vkfye tks lkjh nqfu;k ij maWxyh mBkrs gSa vkSj
        vYykg rvkyk us Q+ekZ;k fd eSa us rqEgsa ft+Unxh ds gj                  viuk eLyd NksM+ dj ckd+h gj ,d eLyd dks x+yr crkrs gSaA
                                                                               tkb,s mu ls t+jk dfg;s ds ^^gt+jr] vki vPNh rjg ikd gks
fQ+Ø ls vkt+kn fd;s j[kk vkSj iakWp lkS lky rd “kc&o&jkst+                     tkb;s] [k+kuk dkck esa tkb,s vkSj iwjh roTtg vkSj [k+qyql ds
[kkuk f[kykrk jgk] ikuh ihykrk jgk vkSj lkjh t+:jrsa iqjh dhA                  lkFk uekt+ i<+h;s vkSj fQj uekt+ i<+us ds ckn xkjaVh nhft;s ds
rqe us ikuh ds ,d fxykl dh fd+er iakWp lkS lky dh bcknr                        vYykg rvkyk vki dh ml uekt+ vkSj bcknr dks t+:j d+cqy
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djsaxsA rks tks balku [k+qn viuh bcknr dh xkjaVh ugha ns ldrk                    vki gj uekt+ gje “kjhQ+ gh esa i<+sa vkSj og Hkh tekvr ds
og nqljksa dh bcknr dh xkjaVh dSls ns ldrk gS ds vYykg                           lkFkA
rvkyk ml dh bcknr ugha d+cqy djsaxs\                                                     vxj myek dk c;ku lqu lqu dj vki dk t+gu ,slk
         f[k+ykQ+r vCckfl;k esa f”k;k lqUuh ds b[+rsykQ+ dk t+ksj                gks x;k gS fd tekvr ls uekt+ i<+us esa vki dks djkfg;r
bl d+nj Fkk ds blh esa f[k+ykQ+r dk [k+kRek gks x;kA exj ogkWa                   eglwl gkrh gS rks viuh uekt+ ckn esa nksgjk ysaA exj tekvr
ds Hkhd eaxs Q+d+hjksa dk /kank cgqr t+ksjksa ij FkkA vkSj bu dh                 ls uekt+ Ik<+ dj 27 yk[k xquk lokc t+:j gkfly djsa] ojuk
dekbZ m:t ij FkhA Q+dhjksa dk ,d fxjksg nfj;k&,&ntyk ds                          ;s vki dh ft+anxh dh ,d cgqr cM+h eg:eh gksxhA
iqy ds ,d fdukjs ij gksrk vkSj mu dk nqljk fxjksg nqljs                                  vYykg rvkyk vki dh gj bcknr dks d+cqy Q+ekZ,]
fdukjs ij gksrkA ;s iqy chp “kgj esa okd+s FkkA                                  vki dh gj tkbt+ nqvk dks d+cqy QekZ,s vkSj gts ec:j vrk
         ,d fxjksg gt+jr vyh (jt+h-) vkSj vgys cSr ds                            Q+ekZ,sA vkehuA
equkfd+c xkrk FkkA nqljk fxjksg gt+jr vc&qcdj (jt+h)] gt+jr
mej (jt+h) ds Q+t+kby esa ux+ek lqjk gksrk Fkk vkSj f”k;k lqUuh
x+qt+jus okys nksuksa fxjksgksa dks [k+qc&[k+qc uokt+rs Fks vkSj ud+nh ls
mu dh fgEer vQ+t+kbZ djrsA blh rjg Q+d+hjksa ds nksuksa fxjksg                         D;k ge Hkh eqlYeku gSa\
lqcg ls “kke rd cM+h cM+h jd+e tek dj ysrs vkSj jkr dks                                   gt+jr glu cLjh (jg-) tyhy o d+n~j rkcbZ xq+t+js
;dtk gksdj vkil esa ckaWV ysrs FksA                                               gSaA ftUgksa us cM+s cM+s lgkck (jth-) dh ft+;jr dhA vki
         eqlYekuksa ds ckgeh b[+rsykQ+kr ls Q+k;nk mBkus okys                     (jg-) ,Sls t+ekus esa Fks tc ds d+ne d+ne ij eqgn~nslhu]
cx+nkn ds Hkhd ekaWxus okys gh ugha Fks cfYd vkt Hkh bu dh                        vbEek] mYek vkSj lqygk ekStqn FksA
rjdhc ls Q+k;nk mBkus okys ekStqn gSaA
                                                                                          ,d fnu fdlh us loky fd;k] gT+jkr lgkck ,
         bl fy,s [k+qnk ds fy, bu ls gksf”k;kj jgsa vkSj bu dh                    djke dSls Fks\ Q+ekZ;k ds vxj rqe bUgsa ns[krs rks dgrs ds
b[+rsykQ+h ckrksa ij ;d+hu er fdth, D;ksa fd ;s viuh t+krh                        ;s rks nhokus gSaA vkSj vxj os rqEgsa ns[krs rks dgrs ds bu dks
bT+t+r o “kksgjr vkSj Q+k;nk ds fy, yksxksa dks vkil esa yM+krs                   bLyke ls nwj dk Hkh okLrk ugha!
gSaA
                                                                                          vUnkt+k dhft, ds glu cLjh (jg-) bl t+ekus esa ;s
         etcqjh esa tSls xanxh yxh gksus ds ckotqn rS;eqe dj ds                   ckr dg jgs gSa fd vHkh lgkck , djke (jth-) dh ft+;kjr
uekt+ i<+h tk ldrh gSA blh rjg dh etcqjh ls lQ+js gt esa                          djus okys yksx yk rknkn ekStqn gSaA vkt gekjs vQ+vky]
vki nks Pkkj gksaxsA vki etcqj gSa ds uk vki gje “kjhQ+ ds                        vkeky vkSj fdjnkj dks ns[krss rks uk tkus mu dk rkLlqj
beke dks cny ldrs gSa vkSj uk bl dk eLydA [k+qnk vkSj [k+qnk                      D;k gksrkA
ds jlqy (l-) dk gqDe gS ds uekt+ tekvr ls efLtn esa i<+h
tk,s vkSj vt+ku lqUus ds ckn cx+Sj “kjbZ etcqjh ds ?kj esa
uekt+ ugha gksrhA bl fy, [k+qnk ds bl gqDe dks ekurs gq,s gje
“kjhQ+ esa tekvr ls gh uekt+ i<+saA vYykg rvkyk vki dh                                     tekvr dh vgfe;r
dksf”k”k vki dh fu;r vksj vki dk [k+qyql ns[krs gq, ba”kk                                  gt+jr bCus elÅn (jft-) ls fjok;r gS fd mUgksa us
vYykg mls uk d+cqy djus ds yk;d gksxh rks Hkh d+cqy                               Qjek;k% ftl “k[l dks bl dk “kkSd gks fd og d+;ker ds
Q+ekZ,saxsA vkehuA vkSj oSls Hkh vYykg rvkyk [k+qyql gh ns[krs                    fnu eqlYeku dh rjg vYykg ds lkeus is”k gksa] og ikapksa
gSa vkSj ex+fQjr vius Q+T+y ls Q+ekZrs gSaA                                       oDr dh uekt+ ml efLtn esa tgkWa vt+ku nh tkrh gS
         vki uQ+jr ds tT+cs ls vyx vdsys ;k tekvr cuk                             ck&tekvr vnk djsA vYykg rvkyk us rqEgkjs uch (l)
dj uekt+ i<+rs jgs rks tc cuh bLjkbZy ds cqt+qxZ iakWp lkS lky                    dks tks rjhdk , fgnk;r vrk Qjek;k gS ml esa ikapksa uekt+sa
dh bcknr ds cy cqrs ij Hkh tUur uk gkfly dj lds rks D;k                           ck&tekvr i<+uk Hkh “kkfey gSA rks vxj rqe us vius ?kjksa
vki lghmYvd+hnk beke ds ihNs ;k vdsys flQZ dqN lky dh                             esa Ik<+ yh tSlk ;s ihNs jg tkus okyk vius ?kj esa i<+rk gS
ft+Uxh dh bcknr ds cy cqrs ij tUur gkfly dj ysaxs\                                rks cs”kd rqe us vius uch (l-) dh lqUur rdZ dj nhA
                                                                                  vkSj rqe us vius uch (l-) dh lqUur rdZ dj nh rks rqe
         cqt+qxksZa vkSj nksLrksa] gje “kjhQ esa ,d uekt+ dk lokc                 xqejkg gks x,A ge us fdlh lgkch dks tekvr ls x+Sj
,d yk[k xquk gSA vkSj ogh uekt+ vxj tekvr ds lkFk vnk                             gkft+j gksrs ugha ns[kkA tekvr ls ogh “k[l x+Sj gkft+j
djsa xs rks 27 yk[k uekt+ dk lokc feysxkA                                         gksrk Fkk tks [kqyk gqvk equkfQ+d+ gksrk FkkA chekj Hkh nks
         bl fy, [k+qnk ds okLrs bl gt ds eqdn~nl lQj esa                          vknfe;ksa ds lgkjs ls vkdj lQ esa “kkfey gks tkrs FksA
eLyd ds b[+rsykQ+kr ls ckgj vk tk,saA vkSj dksf”k”k djsa fd                       ¼eqfLye½

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                                                 dq+ckZuh esa /kksdk
        gt ,d vt+he bcknr gSA cgqr lkjs yksx f[k+ners [k+Yd+ ds                 bl fy, vki dks eDdk vkdj dv~dbZ tkuk iM+sxkA tks fd eDdk
tT+cs ls ikuh fiykrs gSaA [kkuk f[kykrs gSaA feuk vkSj vjQ+kr esa               ls ikWp fdyks ehVj dh nwjh ij gSA tgkWa tkus dk fdjk;k VSDlh
bLrseky gksus okyh pht+sa gkth;ksa dks eqQ+r ckWaVrs gSaA                       okys 2 fj;ky vkSj izk;osV VSDlh okys 10 fj;ky rd ysrs gSaA
        ,Slk gh ,d rCd+k vki dks viuh f[k+ner 10 ft+fYgTtk ds                           dv~dbZ esa dq+ckZuh dk vPNk bUrst+ke gSA tgakW cdjs] nqacs]
fnu dq+ckZuh esa enn ds fy, is”k djsxkA ;s vki ls dgsaxs fd gj                  xk; vkSj maWV ox+Sjg vki viuh bLrsrkvr ds eqrkfcd+ [k+jhn
lky ge lkS ;k nks lkS ;k bl ls Hkh T+;knk gkth;ksa ds fy, dq+ckZuh              ldrs gSaA tkuoj [k+jhn dj vki mUgsa eqT+cg [k+kus esa tek dj
djkrs gSaA vxj vki pkgsa rks vki ds fy, Hkh dq+ckZuh dj ds vki                  nhft,sA os cdjs dh d+ckZuh dk 30 fj;ky] xk; dk 150 fj;ky
ij ,glku dj ldrs gSaA ,Slk gh vki ds fcfYMax ds ft+Eeknkj Hkh                   vkSj maWV dk 250 fj;ky ysaxsA dq+ckZuh gqdqer ds vkneh gh djrs
dgsaxsA [k+cjnkj jfg;s] ;s lQ+sn iks”k ennxkj ugha] /kksds ckt+ gSaA            gSa exj vki xSyjh esa [kM+s jg dj ns[k ldrs gSaA tkuoj tek
        gj gkth eDdk esa u;k gksrk gSA 10 ft+fYgTtk esa dq+ckZuh ds             djus ij vki dks ,d dqiu feysxkA ftls fn[kk dj vxj vki
fnu cgqr T+;knk dke gksrs gSaA yach nwjh r; dj ds eT+cg [k+kuk                  pkgsa rks tkuoj dk iqjk xks”r ?kj ys tk ldrs gSaA vkSj ugha rks
tkdj dq+ckZuh djus dk gkSlyk ugha gksrk gSA ,gjke mrkjus dh                     gqdqer mls x+jhc eqYdksa esa Hkst nsxhA
tYnh gksrh g]S bl fy, gj gkth “kkWVZ dV bf[+r;kj djuk pkgrk                             feuk eqT+cg [k+kus esa maWV vkSj xk; cSy ds d+qckZuh dk ,Slk
gSA vkSj nykyksa dks :I;k ns dj cjhmfT+t+Eek gksuk pkgrk gSA exj                gh barst+ke gSA nqljk vklku rjhd+k cSad esa :I;k tek djuk gSaA ;s
;s cgqr cM+h x+yrh gSA                                                          Hkh lgh rjhd+k gSA cSad esa :I;k tek djus esa dksbZ gtZ ughaA D;ksa
        ge us vkSj gekjs dbZ lkFkh;ksa us gt ls rhu fnu igys                    ds dq+ckZuh dh ft+Eeknkjh gqdqer ysrh gSA vkSj gqdqer fny o tku
dv~dbZ eT+cg [k+kuk tkdj tkuoj cspus okyksa ls tkuojksa dh                      ls gkth;ksa dh f[k+ner djus esa dksbZ dlj ugha NksM+rhA
d+her] nykyksa ds t+fj;s d+qckZuh] eT+cg [k+kuksa esa dqckZuh dk rjhd+k]                vxj yksxksa dh HkhM+] oDr dh deh] [kks tkus dk M+j]
dq+ckZuh ds xks”r dk eLjQ] ox+Sjg ox+Sjg ds ckjs esa xgjkbZ ls                  det+ksjh oxSjk ls vki [kqn dqckZuh ugha dj ldrs rks cSad ds t+fj,
rgd+hd+kr dh] ftl ls irk pyk fd%                                                ;k eqT+cg [k+kus esa dwiu ys dj dqckZuh dj nhft,A ojuk dqckZu
1- gj nyky dk tkuoj cspus okys ls ,d dkjksckjh laca/k                           xkg tk dj dqckZuh dhft,] tks fd T+;knk csgrj gSA exj gj gky
gksrk gSA vxj og gkth;ksa ls 300 ;k 325 fj;ky olqy djsxk rks                    esa nykyksa ls gqf”k;kj jfg,A
,Sls tkuoj [k+jhnsxk ftu dh d+her flQZ+ 270 ls 280 fj;ky                                uksV% vxj vki gt ls igys eqT+cg [k+kuk tk dj dqckZuh
rd gksxhA                                                                       ds tkUojksa ds ckjs esa vPNh rjg ekywekr gkfly dj pqds gSa rks gh
2- og tkuoj cspus okys ls Hkh deh”ku olqy djsxkA                                gt ds nkSjku [k+qn dqckZuh dhft, ojuk enjlk lkSyfr;k ;k cSad
3- vxj lkS dqckZuh ds fy,s :I;k olqy fd;k gS rks flQ+Z 70                       ds t+fj, dqjckuh dhft,] D;qWa fd u, yksxksa dks gt ds “knhn HkhM+
        ;k 80 tkuojksa dh d+qckZuh djk,xkA                                      okys fnuksa esa [kqn dqckZuh djus esa dbZ ckj cgqr eqf”dykr is”k
4- dq+ckZuh dk ,d frgkbZ xks”r x+jhcksa dks ckaVuk gksrk gSA                    vkrh gSaA
        ysfdu vxj gkth viuh d+qckZuh dk xks”r NksM+ nas rks                             eDdk “kjhQ+ esa gje ls ckgj enjlk lkSyR;k gSA tks o’kksZ
        nyky iqjk dk iqjk xks”r gksVyksa esa csp nsxkA                          ls gkth;ksa dh f[k+ner djrk pyk vkjgk gS vkSj ,d ft+Eesnkj
5- dq+ckZuh djrs oD+r fdlh gkth dk uke ugha fy;k tkrk                           vkSj nhunkj bnkjk bSA enjlk lkSyR;k ckcs Q+gn ds djhc
        gSA                                                                     gkjrqy ckc bykds esa cfPp;ksa ds dczLrku ds djhc gSaA vxj vki
                                                                                enjlk lkSyR;k ds t+fj, dqckZuh djsa rc Hkh lgh gSA og vki ds
        ge yksx rgd+hd+kr dj gh jgs FksA ml oD+r rd gj gkth                     crk, gq, oDr ij gh dqckZuh djsaxsA bl fy, vxj vki dks
fdlh uk fdlh nyky dks :I;k ns pqdk FkkA ge esa ls dbZ gkth;ksa
                                                                                ;dhu gks fd vki 2 ;k 3 cts rd “kSrku dsk dadjh ekj ysaxs rks
us nykyksa ls :I;k okil fy,A vkSj tks uk ys lds mUgksa us vius
                                                                                ,gfr;kr ds fy, mUgsa dqckZuh dk oDr 4 cts crk,saAvkSj fQj
fny ds bfReuku ds fy, fQj ls dq+ckZuh dhA
                                                                                lk<+s pkj cts lj eqaMk dj ,gjke mrkj nhft,A bl rjg vki
        eDdk eqdjZek esa nks eqT+cg [k+kus gSa ,d feuk vkSj eqT+nYQ+k           ds vjdku lgh rjrhc ls vnk gks tk,saxsA
ds chp esa gS] vkSj feuk ls cgqr ut+nhd gSA tgkWa vki iSny tk
ldrs gSaA nqljk dv~dbZ esa gSA feuk vkSj dv~dbZZ ds chp igkM+ gSA
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                       tEjkr vkSj tku dk [k+rjk
        feuk og oknh gS tgkWa ls gt+jr bczkghe ¼v-½] gt+jr               cts Hkh tqEjkr ds ikl ls xqt+jsa rks lsadM+ksa gkft;ksa dks jeh tekj
bLekbZy ¼v-½ dks ys dj t+cg djus ds fy, xqt+js FksA vkSj rhu             djrs ik,saxsA
tqEjkr og eqdke gS tgkWa “kSrku us bu gt+jkr dks cgdkus dh                       jeh tekj ds fy, eqT+nYQk ls 70 ls dqN T+;knk dadfj;ka
dksf”k”k dh Fkh vkSj tokc esa /kqrdkjk x;kA “kSrku ml oDr Hkh            pqu ysaA dadfj;ka [ktwj dh xqByh ds cjkcj gksaA oSls rks dadfj;ka
t+yhy gqvk Fkk vkSj gt+jr bczkghe ¼v-½ dh lqUur vnk djds                 /kksuk ykt+eh ugha gS] ysfdu vxj vki dks bu ds ukikd gksus
“kSrku dks dadjh ekj dj gkth vkt Hkh mls t+yhy djrs gSaA                 dk “kd gks rks /kks ysuk csgrj gSA
        ftl txg gt+jr bczkghe ¼v-½ us “kSrku dks dadfj;ka                        jeh tekj ls igys lkjs lkFkh dksbZ txg pqu ysa tgkWa
ekjh Fkha] ml txg dh fu”kku ngh ds fy, lqrwu [kM+s fd;s x,               vxj HkhM+ esa fcNM+ x, rks jeh tekj djds okil vk dj
gSaA bu [kEcksa esa “kSrku ugha gS] uk gh bu [kEcksa dks gh dadjh        feysaxsA
ekjuk gS] cfYd vly dadjh ekjus dh txg bu [kEcksa dh
cqU;kn ;k tM+ gSA bl fy, vki dh dadjh ;k lh/ks [kEcksa dh                        jeh tekj tkus ls igys vius ,gjke dh pknj dks vPNh
tM+ ds ikl fxjs ;k [kEcksa ls Vdjk dj vgkrs ds ckgj tk fxjs              rjg yisV ysaA lkeku ;k cSx oxSjk gjfxt+ uk ysaA dksbZ ,slk
rks vki dh og dadjh csdkj gks xbZA bls fxuk ugha tk,xkA bl               diM+k uk igusa ftl ds nwljksa ds dneksa ds uhps ncus dk [krjk
ds cnys vki dksa ,d vkSj dadjh ekjuh gSA vkSj vxj vki us                 gksA HkhM+ esa vxj vki dh pknj ;k vks<+uh ;k cSx fdlh ds
bl dh txg nwljh dadjh ugha ekjh rks vki dk jeh dk :Du                    dneksa ds uhps nc x;k rks bls QkSju vius ls tqnk djnsaA >qd
v/kwjk jgkA vkSj bl ds tqeZ esa vki dks ,d dqckZuh ¼ne½ nsuk             dj ;k cSB dj dksbZ pht+ fudkyus ;k mBkus dh gjfxt+ dksf”k”k
gksxkA bu elyksa dks vius vkfye ls vPNh rjg le> ysaA                     uk djsa] ojuk dqpy tkus dk [krjk gSA
        ft+YgTtk dh 10 oha rkjh[k dks dadjh ekjus dk vQt+y                       10 oh rkjh[k dks flQZ cM+s “kSrku dks 7 dadjh ekjuh gSA
oDr b”jkd+ ls t+okys vkQrkc rd gS vkSj ckdh 11] 12 vkSj                  nwljs rhljs vkSj pkSFks fnu rhuksa “kSrkuksa dks dadjh ekjuh gSA10
13 rkjh[k dks dadjh ekjus dk vQt+y oDr t+oky ds ckn gSA                  oh rkjh[k dks rfYc;kg dk fonZ tks vkius ,gjke cka/krs gh “kq:
                                                                         fd;k Fkk] can gks tk,xkA
        bu vQt+y oDrksa ds ckn enksZa ds fy, eqckg oDr ¼,slk
oDr ftl oDr dadkjh ekjuk fcyk djkfg;r tkbt+ gS] vkSj                             cM+s “kSrku dks flQZ ,d e[lwl flEr ls dadjh ekjrs gSaA
dksbZ xqukg ughaA½ pkjksa fnu xq:cs vkQrkc rd gSA eqckg oDr              dadjh ekjrs oDr eDdk eqdjZek vkids ck,sa vkSj feuk vkids
ds ckn enksZa ds tkbt+ exj djkfg;r ds lkFk dadjh ekjus dk                nk,sa rjQ gksxkA t+ehu ij bl “kSrku ds vrjkQ vgkrk
oDr lqcg lkfnd+ rd gSA vkSjrksa] cw<+ksa vkSj det+ksjksa ds fy,          ¼nhokj½ Hkh ,gfr;kr vkSj le>kus ds fy, vk/kk nk;jk ¼Half
                                                                         circle½ dh “kDy esa gSA ckdh nks “kSrkuksa dks vki pkjksa rjQ ls
fcyk djkfg;r dadjh ekjus dk oDr lqcg lkfnd+ rd gSA
¼lgh cq[kkjh “kjhQ] gnhl ua- 798] jkoh gt+jr vLek fcars                  dadjh ekj ldrs gSaA vkSj bu ds tM+ ds ikl vgkrs ¼nhokj½ Hkh
vcw&cd~j ¼jft-½½                                                         nk;js dh “kDy esa gSA
        gqTtkts djke dh rv~nkn vkSj gj lky gksus okys gknlksa                    dadjh ges”kk iqy ds Åij ls ekjsa D;qa fd [kqyh gok esa ne
ds e|s ut+j myek , djke us enksZa dks xq:cs vkQrkc dh                    ?kqVus dk [krjk de jgrk gS vkSj yksx iqy ij ,d rjQ ls
xqatkb”k okys elys ij vey djus dk e”ojk fn;k gSA tcfd                    nkf[ky gksrs gS vkSj nwljh rjQ ls fudy tkrs gSaA tcfd t+ehu
det+ksj] cw<+s vkSj vkSjrsa xq:cs vkQrkc ds ckn gh jeh Qjek,sa           ij yksx lM+d ds fdukjs gh xSj dkuwuh NksVs NksVs [kses yxkrs gSa
rkfd vius vki dks [krjs esa Mkyus ls cpk;k tk ldsA                       vkSj lkeku j[k dj vkjke djrs gS] bl fy, txg vkSj NksVh
                                                                         gks tkrh gS vkSj tqEjkr dh rjQ yksx gj rjQ ls vkus dh
rokQ] gtjs vLon dks pwe dj “kq: djuk lqUur gSA exj HkhM                  dksf”k”k djrs gSaA bl fy, yksxksa dk ,d gh rjQ pyuk :d
dh otg ls gqt+wj ¼l-½ us gtjs vLon dks nwj ls gh pweus dh                tkrk gS vkSj HkxnM+ ep tkrh gSA
btkt+r nh FkhA vkSj vkt lkjs gkth gtjs vLon dk bLrsyke
nwj ls gh djrs gSaA blh rjg tc gqt+wj ¼l-½ us vQ+t+y vkSdkr                      tc tEjkr dh rjQ igwWaps rks nk,sa vkSj ck,sa gksdj t+jk
ds ckn Hkh vklkuh vkSj lgwyr ds fy, jeh djus dh btkt+r                   vkxs c<+ tk,sa vkSj fQj iyV dj vk[kjh fljs ls dadjh ekjsa
nh gS rks vius vki dks tku cw> dj vQt+y oDr esa jeh                      D;qa fd tks”khys yksx tqEjkr ds djhc igqWaprs gh dadjh ekjus
djds [krjs esa ugha Mkyuk pkfg,A vkSj ;g [krjk ft+n~nh fd+Le             yxrs gSaA bl fy, igys fljs ij cgqr vQjk&rQjh gksrh gSA
ds yksx gh tku cw> dj dj ysrs gSaA ojuk vxj vki jkr ds 2                         dadjh ekjrs oDr flQZ ,d dadjh ,d ckj esa ekjsaA
                                                                    23
dadjh ekjus ls igys ;g i<+sa%                                           djrs gSaA ;s x+yr rjhd+k gS vkSj bl ls gt dk :dqu vnk ugha
                                                                        gksxkA odhy ds t+jh;k mlh dh dadjh ekjuk nq:Lr gksxh tks
                                                                        “kjbZ rkSj ij ektw+j gSA tks [kM+s jg dj uekt+ i<+ ldrk gS vkSj
         rtqZek % eSa vYykg rvkyk ds uke ls “kq: djrk gqWaA             py fQj ldrk gS mUgsa [k+qn dadjh ekjuk ykft+e gSA pkgs t+ksgj
vYykg lc ls cM+k gSA ;s dadjh “kSrku dks t+yhy djus vkSj                ds cnys lqcg lkfnd+ rd ekjsaA
vYykg ikd dks jkt+h djus ds fy, ekjrk gqWaA
         fQj fcfLeYykg vYykgqvDcj dg dj dadjh ekjasA
Åij fy[kh nqvk esa vxj vYQkt+ esa Qsj cny gks tk,x rks                  feuk                                                     eDdk
xqukg gksxkA bl fy, csgrj gS vki viuh t+cku esa dgsa ds eSa
“kSrku dks t+yhy djus vkSj vYykg ikd dks jkt+h djus ds fy,                       NksVk “kSrku    njfe;kuh “kSrku   cM+k “kSrku
ekjrk gqWaA vkSj fQj fcfLeYykg vYykgqvDcj dg dj dadjh                          gt ds pkj fnuksa esa pkyhl yk[k yksx “kSrku dks 49 ls
ekjasA dadjh dk ,gkrs esa fxjuk t+:jh gSA ,d dadjh gh ,d ckj            70 dadjh ekjrs gSaA vxj ,d txg ij ;g dadfj;ka tek dh
esa ekjsaA vxj vki us ,d ls T+;knk dadjh ,d ckj esa ekjh rks            tk,sa rks dadfj;ksa dk igkM+ cu tk,xkA exj tEjkr ds ikl
og ,d gh fxuhk tk,sxkA                                                  vki x+kSj dhft, ds dadfj;ksa dk dksbZ <sj ugha gksrk gSA D;qafd
         nwljs] rhljs vkSj pkSFks fnu] igys NksVs “kSrku dks fQj        eDcwy dadfj;ka Qfj”krs pqu ys tkrs gSA flQZ cM+s “kSrku ds ,d
njfe;kuh “kSrku dks] vkSj vkf[kj esa cM+s “kSrku dks 7&7                rjQ vki dks dadfj;ksa dk <sj ut+j vk,xkA D;qa fd cM+s “kSrku
                                                                        dks dadjh ekjrs oDr eDdk eqdjZek vki ds ck,sa rjQ vkSj
dadfj;ka ekjuk gSA NksVs vkSj njfe;kuh tqEjkr dk edke nqvk              feuk vkids nk,sa rjQ gksuk pkfg,A ml ds nwljh rjQ ls
dh dcwfy;r dk gSA bl fy, bu nksuksa ds ikl dadjh ekjus ds               dadjh ekjuk x+yr gS] ml rjQ ls ekjh gqbZ dadjh uk eDcwy
ckn fd+Cyk :[k gks dj nsj rd nqvk ekaxsaA cM+s “kSrku dks dadjh         gksrh gS vkSj uk Qfj”rs mls pqUrs gSaA bl fy, bl txg vki dks
ekj dj nqvk uk ekaxsaA                                                  dadfj;ksa dk <sj ut+j vk,xkA
      Cgqr lkjh ranq:Lr yksx [k+qn dadjh ekjus ds cnys fdlh                    vki Hkh bl eksv~ftt+s dk eq”kkfgnk djds vius bZeku dks
vkSj dks viuk odhy cuk dj dadjh ekjus ds fy, eqd+jZj                    rkt+k dj ysaA




                                                                   24
                                         ,gjke dk c;ku
    ,gjke] gt vkSj mejk dk ;qfuQ+keZ gSA                                     laca/k) ij Hkh ikcUnh gksrh gSA
    gt dk ,gjke 1 'kOoky ls 9 ft+fYgTtk dk fnu xqt+j dj                  7- ,gjke dh gkyr esa iSj ds mij (iatksa ds ihNs) dh mHkjh
lqCg lkfnd rd igu ldrs gSA mezkg dk ,gjke gt ds [kkl                         gqbZ gM~Mh;ksa dk [kqyk jguk t+:jh gS bl fy, ,Slk tqrk
5 fnu ds bykok dHkh Hkh igu ldrs gSA ,gjke ehd+kr ls                         ;k pIiy uk igusa ds gM~Mh;kWa Nqi tk,aA vxj vki gokbZ
igUuk okftc gS                                                               pIiy ;k flfyij igusa rks ;s gM~Mh [kqyh jgrh gSA
    enksZa dk ,gjke 2 feVj x 1 feVj dh cx+Sj flyh gqbZ nks               8- vkSjrksa ds fy, ,gjke dk dksbZ e[k+lwl fyckl ughaA
pknjsa gksrh gSaA ,d pknj dks igUuk vkSj ,d dks vks<+uk gksrk                exj vQ+t+y ;s gS ds diM+s ,ls lknk gksa ds fdlh fQ+Ruk
gSA                                                                          dk ckvl uk cuasA vkSjrsa lj ij tks Vksih cakW/krh gSa vkSj
                                                                             ,d cqd+kZ uqek vks<+uh vks<+rh gSa og ,gjke dk ykT+eh
     cx+Sj flyh pknj dk eryc gS ds ml esa balkuh ftLe dh                     fgLlk ugha gSA cYds flQ+Z ,grs;kr ds fy, gS ds lj uk
lk[+r ds ,rckj ls dksbZ pht+ flyh gqbZ uk gkAs tSls vkLrhu]                  [kqys vkSj cky uk VqVsA mUgsa Hkh ot+q ds oD+r Vksih mrkj
tsc ox+SjgA cx+Sj flyh dk eryc ;s ugha gS ds ml esa lqbZ /kkxk               dj lj dk elg djuk t+:jh gSA
uk yxsA t+:jr iM+us ij vki pknj dh txg xksnM+h ;k jt+kbZ
                                                                         9- ,gjke dh gkyr esa vkSjrksa dks psgjk vkSj gkFk [kqyk
ox+Sjg vks<+ ldrs gSaA tks dh dbZ pknjksa dh rg dks lh dj
                                                                             j[kuk t+:jh gSA flQ+Z x+Sj egje enksZa ds lkeus psgjs ds
cukbZ tkrh gSA
                                                                             lkeus dqN vkM+ ;k inkZ dj ysaA
    ,gjke dh pknjsa lQsn gksa rks vQ+t+y gSA etcqjh esa vki              10- ,gjke iguUus ds igys [kq'cw ftLe ij yxk dj ,gjke
jaxhu pknjsa Hkh bLrseky dj ldrs gSaA                                        igUuk lqUur gSA exj ,gjke igu dj fdlh Hkh rjg dk
    ,gjke igUus ds ckn] igys ls vki ij tks ikcanh;kWa Fkha og                [kq'cw dk bLrseky tkbt+ ugha gSA ([kq'cw ftLe ij bruk
rks ckd+h jgrh gSA tSls cndykeh] Q+g”k ckrsa] Q+ld+ o Q+tqj                  de yxk,sa fd ,gjke dh pknj ij bl dk nkx+ uk iM+s+)
vkSj tax o tnky ox+SjgA buds vykok Hkh vki ij dqN vkSj                   ,gjke dh lqUursa%
et+hn ikcafn;kWa vk;n gks tkrh gSaA mu dh rQ+lhy eqantkZt+Sy gSa%
                                                                           xqly djuk vkSj ,gjke cka/kus ls igys [kq'cw yxkukA
,gjke dh ikcanh;akW %                                                      ,d yqaxh vkSj ,d mij vks<+us okyh pknj ls ,gjke cka/kukA
1- cky uk dkVsa uk rksM+saA                                                ,gjke ls igys uk[kqu dkVukA
2- uk[k+qu uk rjk”ksa uk rksM+saA                                          uekt+ ds ckn ,gjke cka/kukA
3- enZ lj uk <kWaisaA vki lk;k esa jg ldrs gSaA Nrjh                       ,gjke dh 'k:vkr ^yCcSd* ls djuk vkSj fQj ckj ckj
   bLrseky dj ldrs gSa] lj ij lkeku j[k dj py ldrs                         yCcSd dgrs jgukA
   gSaA exj Vksih] :eky] pknj ;k dksbZ fpidus okyh pht+
   ls lj ugha <akWi ldrsA                                                enZ ,gjke fdl rjg igusa %
4- vius ftLe ds diMs+ vkSj [kkus ihus dh pht+ksa esa [k+q”kcq                    ,gjke dh ,d pknj yqaxh dh rjg igUuh gksrh gSA bls
   uk bLrseky djsaA                                                      vki ftl rjg vklkuh gks oSls igu ldrs gSaA bl ds fy, dksbZ
5- fdlh f”kdkj fd;s tkus okys [k+q”dh ds tkuoj dks uk ekjsa              [k+kl d+kuwu ;k gqDe ugh gSA exj pwaWfd gt ds nkSjku yksxksa dh
   uk cndk,sa vkSj uk gh nqljksa dh bl dke esa enn djsaA                 t+cnZLr HkhM+ gksrh gSA yqaxh ds uhps Hkh vki dks vaMjoh;j
   uk gh ftLe esa iSnk gksus okys dhM+ksa dks ekjsa tSls tqWa            (pM~Mh) vkSj dksbZ pht+ igUus dh btkt+r ugha gSA bl fy,
   ox+Sjg] uk ftLe dk eSy /kks,saA vki ugk ldrs gSa exj                  vxj yqaxh [kqy tk, rks iqjk cgZuk gksus dk Mj gksrk gSA bl fy,
   cx+Sj lkcqu ds vkSj cx+Sj eSy NqM+k,A                                 ,gjke dh yqaxh eqantkZt+Sy rjhd+s ls igUus dh lykg nh tkrh gSA
                                                                         tks T+;knk egQ+qt+ rjhd+k gSA
6- ,gjke dh gkyr esa vT+nokth rvYyqdkr (oSokfgd
                                                                    25
1-    vki iSjksa dks t+jk QSyk dj [kM+s gks tk,saA                        8- mejkg vksSj gt ds rokQs ft+;kjr esa enksaZ dksa jey vkSj
2-    yqaxh ds nksuksa fljs lh/ks gkFk esa idM+ dj lh/kh rjQ [khap        bT+rsck djuk lqUur gSaA bT+rsck ds fy, ,gjke dk ,d fljk
      dj QSyk nsaA (rlohj 1)                                              nkfgus gkFk ds cxy ls fudky dj ck,W gkFk ds dka/ks ij MkYk
3-    fQj lh/ks gkFk ls lh/ks gkFk dh cx+y ds uhps yqaxh dks isV          ysrs gSA (rlohj 5)
      ls fpidk dj idM+s jgsaA vkSj ck,sa gkFk ls yqaxh ds nksuksa         9 + gt ds [kkl fnuksa esa ftLe ij 3 ls 4 fnuksa rd ,gjke
      fljksa dks ck,sa rjQ+ iqjh rjg yk,saA (rlohj 2)                     gksrk gSA ,gjke dh ,d pknj rks yaqxh fd rjg igu dj vkSj




             rlohj 1]                         rlohj 2]                                      rlohj 3]                rlohj 4
4- fQj ck,sa cx+y ds uhps yqaxh dks isV ls fpidk dj idM+s                       iV~Vs ls et+cwr cka/k dj gkth csfQdj gks tkrs gSA exj
        jgsa vkSj yqaxh fQj nk,sa rjQ yk,saA bl ckj yqaxh dk cpk                mijh pknj laHkkYkuk t+jk eqf'dy dke gS og Hkh [kkLk
        fljk chp esa gh ukQ+ ds ikl [k+Re gks tk,sxkA(rlohj 3)                  dj uekTk+ dh gkyr esaA
5- vki mls yisV ysa] yqaxh vki dh ukQ+ ds mij gks D;ksa ds                      bl fy, cqtqxZ vkSj rtqckZdkj gt+jkr ftUgsa dbZ ckj gt
        ukQ+ lrj esa “kkfey gS vkSj lrj dk Nqikuk ykt+eh gSA                    dk rtqCkkZ gS uhps fn, gq, rjhds lsa mijh Pkknj yisVus
        (rlohj 4)                                                               dk e'ojk nsrs gSaA
6- ,gjke flQ+Z nks pknjksa dk uke gSA bl esa iV~Vk “kkfey                 1)    igys mijh pknj dk/ksa ij vks< dj iqjh rjg ls gkFk
        ughaA exj pwWafd gt ds nkSjku :i;k ox+Sjg lkFk j[kuk                    lh/kk djds lkeus dh QSyk ysa vkSj Pkknj ds nksuksa fljsa
        t+:jh gksrk gSA bl fy, :i;k j[kus ds fy, iV~Vk igUus                    gkFkksa esa idM ysaA (rlohj 6)
        dh btkt+r gSA                                                     2)    fQj lh/ks gkFk dk fljk ck,W cxy ds uhps yqaxh ;k
7- yqaxh [kqyus ls cpkus ds fy, (tc vki iV~Vk igusa rks                         iV~Vs ds uhps vPNh rjg nckysaA (rlohj 7)
bl esa dqN :i;s j[k dj gyky dj ysa] fQj igusa) iV~Vk ukQ+                 3)    fQj ck,W gkFk dk fljk nk,W cxy ds fuPks yqaxh ;k iV~Vs ds
ij ;k ukQ+ ds mij igusa ftl ls fd yqaxh ds mijh fgLlk ls                        uhps vPNh rjg nckysaA (rlohj 8)
vki dh ukQ+ ges”kk fNih jgsA ,gjke dh gkyr esa vki p”ek]                  4)     fQj ,gjke dk diMk+ tks gkFk ds mij yVd jgk gksxk
?kM+h] dku dk vkyk ox+Sjg igu ldrs gSa vkSj ot+q djrs oD+r                      mls vkfLru dh rjg lesV ysaA bl rjg vkids nksauksa
[k+qn ls tks cky VqV tk,s ml ij ne Hkh ykft+e uk gksxkA                         gkFk vkt+kn Hkh gksaxs vkSj mijh ,gjke dh Pkknj ckj ckj
                                                                                u fxjsxh u uek+t esa [kyy iSnk gksxkA (rlohj 9)




      rlohj 5                   rlohj 6                       rlohj 7                      rlohj 8                    rlohj 9


                                                                     26
                          vkSjrksa ds e[+lql elk,y
vkSjrksa dk ,gjke %                                                     (2) ,gjke dh gkyr esa da?kh uk djsaA vxj tku cq> dj
                                                                        dksbZ cky VqV x;k rks fQn~;k nsuk gksxkA
(1) vkSjrksa dk ,gjke mu ds jkst+ ejZg ds diM+s gh gSaA flQ+Z           (3) cx+Sj [k+”cqnkj rsy ftLe ij vkSj ckyksa esa yxk;k tk
bl ckr dk [+;ky j[ksa ds ;s diM+s ckjhd] pqLr vkSj ,Sls uk gksa         ldrk gSA cky VqVus ds Mj ls vxj uk yxk;k tk,s rks csgrj
ftl ls nqljksa dh roTtg vki dh rjQ+ f[kapsA diM+s fcYdqy                gSA
lknk vkSj lkQ+ lqFkjs gksus pkgh;asA                                    (4) ,gjke dh gkyr esa lqekZ yxkuk ed:g gSA
(2) vkt dy ,gjke ds rkSj ij tks Vksih vkSj ud+kc dh
                                                                        (5) gkyrs ,gjke esa esagnh yxkuk ;k f[k+t+kc djuk ed:g
rjg diM+k iguk tkrk gS bl dh “kfj;r esa dksbZ nyhy ugha gSA             gSA
(3) ,gjke dh gkyr esa vkSjrksa dks psgjk [kqyk j[kuk t+:jh
                                                                        (6) ,gjke dh gkry esa vkSjrsa t+soj igu ldrh gSaA exj
gSA                                                                     t+soj ,Sls uk gksa ds nqljksa dh roTtg vki dh rjQ gks tk,sA
(4) ,gjke dh gkyr esa Hkh insZ dk “kjbZ gqDe ckd+h jgrk gSA
                                                                        (7) rokQ esa vkSjrksa ds fy, jey ;k bT+rsck ugha gSA uk gh
bl fy, vxj dksbZ x+Sj egje lkeus vk tk,s rks diM+s ls psgjs             lbZ esa nkSM+uk pkfg;sA
ij inkZ fd;k tk ldrk gSA diM+k vxj psgjs ls Nq tk,s rks dksbZ           (8) vkSjrsa cx+Sj egje ds gt dk lQ+j ugha dj ldrha pkgs
gtZ ughaA                                                               og ekynkj gh D;ksa uk gkasA
(5) vkt dy vkSjrsa Vksih ;k dksbZ l[+r pht+ ekFks ds lkeus              (9) egje og “k[+l gS ftl ls fudkg ges”kk ds fy, gjke
j[kdj mij ls ud+kc Mky ysrh gSa ftl ls ds diM+k psgjs ls uk             gSA tSls cki] csVk] HkkbZ] Hkrhtk] Hkkatk] “kkSgj dk cki ox+SjgA
Nq tk,sA ;g insZ dk vPNk rjhdk gS] exj ;g okftc ;k lqUur                (10) cguksbZ] QqQk] [k+kyw ox+Sjg egje ugha gSaA
ugha gS] vkSj uk gh ,gjke dk fgLlk gSA                                  (11) vxj vkSjr ekynkj gks vkSj egje dk lkFk Hkh gks rks
(6) vkSj vxj ,gfr;kr ds fy, vki us Vksih igu j[kh gS                    og “kkSgj dh btkt+r ds cx+Sj igyk gt dj ldrh gS D;ksa ds
rks otq+ djrs oD+r mls mrkj dj elg djuk t+:jh gS ojuk                   ,d gt Q+t+Z gSA uQ+yh mejk ;k gt ds fy, “kkSgj dh btkt+r
ot+w uk gksxkA                                                          t+:jh gSA
(7) d+lj (cky dkVuk)% mejk esa lbZ ds ckn vkSj gt esa                   (12) ,gjke dh gkyr esa gkbt+k vkSjrsa uekt+ vkSj
d+qckZuh ds ckn vkSjrksa dks viuh mWaxyh ds iksj ds cjkcj (d+jhc        rykor&,&dqvkZu dks NksM+ dj fnxj bcknkr dj ldrh gSaA mu
,d ls lok bap) rd lj ds cky dkVus gksrs gSaA ;s cky og [k+qn            ds fy, ft+Dj vkSj n:n o ot+kbQ+ i<+uk tkbt+ gSA eqLrgc ;s
Hkh vius gkFk ls dkV ldrh gSa ;k vius tSls fdlh vkSj [k+krwu            gS ds gj uekt+ ds oD+r ikd lkQ+ gksdj ot+q dj ds ftruh nsj
gkth ls ftl us d+lj ds igys ds lkjs vjdku vnk dj fy, gksa               uekt+ vnk djus esa gksrh gS mruh nsj ft+Dj o nqvk,sa i<+rh jgs
dVok ldrh gSaA vkSjrksa dk vius “kkSgj vkSj vius lkFk vk,s              rkds bcknr dh vknr ckd+h jgsA
egje enZ dks NksM+ dj fdlh x+Sj egje ls cky dVokuk tk,t+
ughaA
        cky dkVus dks vklku rjhd+k gS ds cky dh PkkVh ds                        vkSjrksa dk ftgkn] gt gSA
vk[kjh fljs dks maxyh ij yisV ysa vkSj fQj dkVsaA [k+;ky jgs                    gt+jr vkb”kk ¼jft+-½ ls fjok;r gS fd eSa us vt+Z
ds ,d iksj dh yackbZ ls de cky uk dVsA                                    fd;k] ;k jlwy vYykg ¼l-½ ge ftgkn dks vQ+t+y
                                                                          le>rs gSa] rks D;k ge ftgkn uk fd;k djsa\ vki ¼l-½ us
,gjke dh gkyr esa eqekfuvr %                                              Qjek;k] rqEgkjs fy, vQt+y ftgkn gTts ec:j gSaA
(1)     vkSjrsa mejk vkSj gt nksuksa esa vkfgLrk ls rfYc;k i<+sa                                                       ¼cq[kkjh½
rkds x+Sj egje enksZa rd mu dh vkokt+ uk igqWapsA
                                                                   27
                          gSt+ o uQ+kl ds elk,y
                                                                      rjk”k dj ,sgjke mrkj nsA bl rjg ml dk gt gks tk,sxkA
(1) lQ+j ls igys gSt+ dk vkuk%                                        rokQ+s ft+;kjr rd ,gjke dh ikcanh;kWa vkbn jgsaxhA
        vxj fdlh dks eDdk “kjhQ+ ds lQ+j ls igys gh gSt+
“kq: gks tk, rks ,Slh gkyr esa og ukikdh gh esa x+Sj t+:jh cky        (5) mejk vkSj gt nksuksa ds igys gSt+
lkQ+ dj ds] uk[k+qu rjk”k dj] x+qlqy dj ds ,gjke ds diM+s
igu ys vkSj ehd+kr igqWap dj mejk dh fu;r Hkh dj ysA exj
                                                                      vkuk%
eDdk “kjhQ+ igqWap dj rokQ+ vkSj lbZ uk djsA ikd gksus rd                    fdlh vkSjr us reÙkvk dh fu;r ls ,gjke cka/kk vkSj
barst+kj djs vkSj ikdh ds ckn rokQ+ vkSj lbZ dj ysA bl                eDdk eqvT+t+ek igqapus ls igys ;k eDdk eqvT+t+ek igqapus ds
ukikdh dh eqn~nr esa og ,gjke dh gkyr gh esa jgsxh vkSj               ckn mejk dk rokQ+ djus ls igys gh ml dks gSt+ ;k uQ+kl
,gjke dh lkjh ikcanh;kWa ml ds mij vkbn jgsaxhA                       “kq: gks x;k vkSj [kwu tkjh jgk] ;gkWa rd fd 8 ft+fYgTtk ;kuh
                                                                      feuk tkus dk fnu vk x;k rks ,slh vkSjr mejk rdZ dj ns vkSj
(2) ,gjke iguus ds ckn gSt+ vkuk%                                     eEuqvkrs ,gjke ¼[kq”cw yxkuk] uk[kqu dkVuk ox+Sjk½ esa ls dksbZ
        vxj fdlh dks ,gjke iguus vkSj fu;r djus ds ckn                dke dj ds lj ds cky [kksy dj ml esa rsy Mky dj da?kh dj
exj rokQ+ vkSj lbZ ls igys gSt+ vktk,s rks og ikd gksus rd            ds mejk dk ,gjke [kksy ns vkSj fQj lQkbZ dk x+qLy dj ds
barst+kj djs vkSj ikdh ds ckn rokQ+ o lbZ dj ds ,gjke mrkj            ^^gt dk ,gjke** cka/k dj rfYc;kg Ik<+ ys vkSj feuk pyh
nsA bu ukikdh ds fnuksa esa ,gjke dh ikcanh;kWa vkbn jgsaxhA          tk, vkSj gt ds reke vQ~vky vnk djrh jgsA vkSj gSt+ ;k
                                                                      uQkl can gksus ds ckn ikdh dk x+qLy dj ds rokQs ft+;kjr
(3) rokQ+ ds ckn gSt+ vkuk%                                           vkSj lbZ djsA bl vkSjr dk gt ^^gTts vQ+jkn** “kqekj gksxkA
       vxj fdlh ds gSt+ ds fnu d+jhc gksa rks tc rd [k+qu uk                 gt ls Qjkx+r ds ckn bl NksM+s gq, mejk dh d+t+k dh
vk tk,s eqrkQ+ esa rokQ+ djuk tk,t+ g]S exj ,sgrs;kr ds rkSj          fu;r ls ,d mejk dj ys vkSj d+qjckuh ;kuh ne ns] og ne tks
ij og eqrkQ+ ds cnys igys eaft+ys ;k Nr ij rokQ+ dj ysA               lkfcd mejk NksM+us dh otg ls okftc gqvk FkkA
vxj rokQ+ iqjk djus ds ckn gSt+ vk tk,s rks ukikdh gh esa lbZ                ,slh vkSjr ij ^^gTts reÙkvk** ds “kqØkus dk ^^ne**
dj ds cky rjk”k ds mejk iqjk dj ysA lbZ ds fy, ikdh “krZ              okftc ugha gSA bl fy, fd bl dk gt] gTts vQ+jkn gqok gSA
ugha gSA vkSj vxj rokQ+ djrs djrs gSt+ vk tk,s rks Q+kSju             vkSj gTts vQjkn djus okys ij dqjckuh ugha gSA ¼[kS:y
gje ls ckgj pyh tk,s vkSj ikdh ds ckn rokQ+ vkSj lbZ dj               Qrkok 233@4] vSuh “kjg cq[kjh 123@10] fe”dkr
ds mejk iqjk djysA tc rd mejk iqjk uk gksxk ,sgjke dh                 304&306@5½
ikcanh;kWa vkbn jgsaxhA                                                      uksV% ftl vkSjr dks viuh vknr ds eqrkfcd bl ckr
                                                                      dh mEehn uk gks fd og ikd gks dj v¸;kes gt ls igys mejk
(4) gt ls igys ;k gt ds nkSjku gSt+                                   vnk dj ldsxhA ml ds fy, csgrj ;gh gS dh og gTts
vkuk%                                                                 vQjkn dk ,gjke cka/ks rkfd mejk NksM+us dh otg ls tks ne
                                                                      okftc gksrk gS] og ykft+e uk gksA
      vxj fdlh dks 8 ft+fYgTtk ls igys gSt+ “kq: gks tk,s rks
mejk gh dh rjg cky lkQ+ dj ds uk[k+qu rjk”k dj x+qlqy dj
ds ,sgjke dh fu;r dj ys vkSj rokQ+ ft+;kjr dks NksM+ dj
                                                                      (6) ukikdh dh gkyr esa rokQ+s ft+;kjr%
lkjs gt ds vjdku vnk dj ysA blh rjg gt ds nkSjku Hkh                        24 ls 27 vDrkscj 1997 gt gkml eqacbZ esa 10 oh
gSt+ vk tk,s rks uekt+] dqjvku dh frykor vkSj rokQ+                   fQdgh lsfeukj esa gt o mejk ls eqrfYyd tks vge rtkoht+
ft+;kjr dks NksM+ dj lkjs vjdku vnk djsA rokQ+s ft+;kjr ds            vkSj Qslys lkeus vk, Fks] mu esa ls ,d rtoht+ ua- 10 uhps
fy,s ikd gksus rd barst+kj dj ys pkgs 12 ftfYgTtk x+qt+j              fy[kh tk jgh gSA
tk,sA ikdh gkfly djus ds ckn rokQ+s ft+;kjr] lbZ vkSj cky
                                                                 28
(vfyQ) rtoht+ ua- 10 %&                                                   gt iqjk uk gksxk vkSj uk og vius “kjhds g;kr ls vt+nokth
                                                                          rkyqd+kr d+k;e dj ldrk gSA nksukas ,d nqljs ds fy,s ml oD+r
       vxj rokQs ft+;kjr ls igys fdlh vkSjr dks gSt+ ;k                   rd gjke gksaxs tc rd rokQ+s ft+;kjr uk dj ysaA
uQkl dk [kwu vk tk, vkSj ml ds igys ls rS “kqnk izksxzke esa
bruh xqatkb”k ugha gS fd og gSt+ ls ikd gks dj rokQs ft+;kjr              (7) rokQ+s fonk ls igys gSt+ vkuk%
dj lds rks ml ds fy, igys rks t+:jh gS fd gj eqfEdu dksf”k”k
ds t+fj, ¼ikd gks dj rokQs ft+;kjr dj lds brus oDr ds                               vxj dksbZ vkSjr gt ds lkjs vjdku iqjs dj pqdh
fy, viuk lQj eksv[[kj djok ys½ vxj ;g eqfEdu uk gks                       vkSj eDdk “kjhQ+ ls jokauxh ls igys gSt+ vk x;k rks ,Slh
rks gkyrs gSt+ gh esa rokQs ft+;kjr dj ys] vkSj ,d cM+s tkUoj             gkyr esa og rokQ+s fonk uk djs vkSj cx+Sj rokQ+s fonk fd,
dh dqckZuh ne&,&tukcr dh fu;r ls djsA bl rjg djus ls                      vius lQ+j ij jokuk gks tk,sA gt+jr bCu vCckl ¼jth+-½ ls
ml ds rokQs ft+;kjr vnk gks tk,xkA vkSj reke ikcanh ls                    gnhl ejoh gS ds ^^uch djhe (l-) us gk,t+k vkSjr dks
eqdEey gks tk,xhA                                                         :[+lr nh gS ds vxj ml us rokQ+s ft+;kjr dj fy;k gks rks
                                                                          rokQ+s fonk fd,s cx+Sj gh lQ+j ij jokuk gks tk,s** (vgen]
,d ,grs;kr%&                                                              gnhl ua- 3505)
,grs;kr ds rkSj ij ,slh gkyr esa vkSjrsa rokQs ft+;kjr] erkQ
ds cnys igyh eaft+y ij ;k Nr ij djsaA D;qafd gqt+wj ¼l-½ ds
t+ekus esa vkSj gt+jr mej ¼jft+-½ ds nkSj f[k+ykQ+r rd erkQ+                             rokQ ds Qt+kby
cgqr NksVh txg Fkh] vkSj vrjkQ+ esa d+qjS”k ds ?kj gqvk djrs Fks           vYykg rkyk dqjvku “kjhQ+ esa Q+ekZrs gSa ^^bl d+nhe ?kj dk
A gt+jr mEes gkuh ¼jft+-½ dk ?kj tgkWa ls gqtwj ¼l-½ esv~jkt               rokQ+ djuk pkfg;sA (vYgt&29)
ds fy, r”jhQ+ ys x, Fks] ckc vCnqy vt+ht+ ls nkf[ky gksus ds                      jlwy vYykg (l-) us Q+ekZ;k tks cSrqYykg dk rokQ+
ckn rg[kkuk ds fy, tks ck,Wa rjQ jkLrk gS vkSj tgkWa ij vc                 djs vkSj nks jdr uekt+ i<+s] bl dks ,d x+qyke vkt+kn
,d ÅWaph txg ij dqjvku “kjhQ j[kus dh txg gS ogha ij                       djus dk lokc feysxkA
FkkA vkSj ipkl lky igys rd ubZ efLtns gjke “kjhQ dh
bekjr dh txg ij gksVy vkSj ykWt Fks tgkWa yksx jgk djrs FksA               (bCu ektk fdrkcqyequkfld ckc Q+T+yqRrokQ+ 29&56)
mu esa vkSjrsa Hkh Fkha vkSj mu dks gSt+ vkSj uQkl vkrk gh gksxkA                 vki (l-) dk bj”kkn gS ds ftl us cSrqYykg “kjhQ+
        vkt mlh txg ij eqrkQ+ ds vrjkQ+ “kkunkj efLtns                     dk lkr ckj rokQ+ fd;k rks vYykg rkyk gj gj d+ne ij
gjke gS vkSj uekt+ i<+h tkrh gSA vkSj igys eaft+ys vkSj Nr                 bl ds xqukg dks ekQ+ Q+ekZrs gSa vkSj gj gj d+ne ij usdh
ij rokQ Hkh fd;k tkrk gSA                                                  fy[krs gSa vkSj gj gj d+ne ij ,d ntkZ cqyan djrs gSaA
        gSt+ o uQ+kl dh gkyr esa efLtn esa nkf[k+y gksuk tkbt+                                        (bcu [k+jhek & bCu gcku)
ugha gS exj tc etcqjh dh gkyr esa nkf[k+y gksuk gh iM+ jgk gS
rks efLtns gjke esa Hkh [k+kuk dkck ls bruh nqjh cuk,s jgsa
ftruh nwj gqt+qj (l-) ds t+ekus esa gkbZt+k vkSjrsa jgk djrh FkhaA
vxj rokQ+ igys eaft+ys ;k Nr ij fd;k tk,s rks ;s nwjh cuh
jgsxh vkSj rokQ+s ft+;kjr Hkh gks tk,sxkA vkSj gt ds vjdku
Hkh vnk gks tk,saxsA exj bl ,grs;kr ds ckotwn cM+s tkUoj dh
dqjckuh nsuh gksxhA (oYykg vkye fcLlokc)

(7) cx+Sj rokQ+s ft+;kjr ds ?kj okilh%
          rokQ+s ft+;kjr gt ds rhu Q+jkbt+ esa ls ,d Q+t+Z gSA
vxj dksbZ fdlh otg ls rokQ+s ft+;kjr ugha djsxk rks ml dk
                                                                     29
                      gkyrs ,gjke esa eEuq dke vkSj
                             mu dk dq¶Q+kjk
¼1½ dke %                                                               vjdku iqjs djus gksaxsA vxys lky nksckjk gt djuk gksxkA
                                                                        vkSj ,d mWaV ;k xk; dk ne nsuk gksxkA
(1) ftLe ds fdlh fgLls ls cky m[kkM+uk] dkVuk ;k eqaMukA
                                                                              vxj ge fcLrjh nl rkjh[k+ dks cM+s “kSrku dks dadjh
(2) uk[k+qu rjk”kukA
                                                                        ekjus ds ckn dh rks ml dk gt gks tk,sxkA exj cM+s tkUoj dh
¼3½ [k+”cq yxkukA
                                                                        dqjckuh nsuh gksxkA
¼4½ enZ dk lj dks <kWaiukA¼5½ enZ dk ftLekuh <kWaps ds eqrkfcd+
cus flys gq,s diM+s igUukA                                              ¼5½ dke %
¼6½  vkSjr dk nLrkus vkSj ud+kc igUukA                                        gt vkSj mejk ds okftc vjdku dk NwV tkukA
dq¶Q+kjk %                                                              dqQ+~Q+kjk %
        ,gjke dh gkyr esa fdlh otg ls vxj ,d ?kaVs ls de                      vxj gt vkSj mejk dk dksbZ Hkh okftc :dqu NqV
oDQk rd lj <dk jgk rks ,d eqðh xsgqa ;k bl dh dher                      tk,sxk rks gt vkSj mejk gks tk,sxk] exj ne nsuk gksxkA
[kSjkr djuk okftc gSA vxj 12 ?kaVs ls de oDr rd lj <dk                  ¼6½ dke % gt vkSj mejk ds Q+t+Z vjdku dk NqV tkukA
jgk rks ikSus nks fdyks xsgqa [kSjkr djuk okftc gSA vxj 12 ?kaVs
ls T+;knk <dk jgk rks ,d NksVs tkUoj dh dqjckuh okftc gksxhA
        ,gjke dh gkyr esa [kq”cw yxkus dh eqekfuvr gSA Qwyksa
                                                                        dqQ+~Q+kjk %
esa Hkh [kq”cw gksrh gSA ,gjke dh gkyr esa Qwyksa dk gkj iguuk                 gt vkSj mejk dk vxj dksbZ Hkh Q+t+Z NqV tk,s rks gt ;k
tkbt+ ugha gSA                                                          mejk ugha gksxkA ,Slh gkyr esa gkth rokQ+] lbZ vkSj gyd+
        ,gjke dh gkyr esa ftrus Hkh dke djuk euk gS bu ds               djok dj ,gjke mrkj ns exj fQj mls mejk ;k gt nqgjkuk
djus ij ,d eqðh xsgqa ls ys dj ,d tkUoj dh dqjckuh rd                   gksxkA
                                                                        (bl eLyk dh iqjh okD+fQ+;r ds fy, fdlh vkfye ls e”ojk ysa)
dqN uk dqN tqekZuk t+:j okftc gksrk gSA bl dh rQlhy
elkby dh fdrke esa ns[k dj ;k fdlh vkfye ls iwN dj                      ¼7½       dke %
t+:j djsaA                                                                     fdlh us gje dh csgqeZrh dh] tSls gje ds gqnwn esa ?kkl
¼2½ dke %                                                               m[kkM+ fy;k ;k isM+ dh iRrh;kWa rksM+ yha] ;k ,Slk dksbZ Hkh dke
      taxyh ;k eSnkuh tkuoj dk f”kdkj djuk ;k f”kdkj                    fd;k ftl dh eqekfu;r gSA
djus esa fdlh dh enn djukA
dqQ+~Q+kjk % blh tkuoj dh fel~y lnd+k djukA                             dqQ+~Q+kjk %
                                                                              rkSck vkSj bLrx+Q+kj djuk gksxk vkSj gje dh gnqn esa
¼3½ dke % choh ls cksl o fdukj djukA                                    ne Hkh nsuk gksxkA
dqQ+~Q+kjk %                                                            ¼8½       dke %
      vxj bUt+ky uk gks rks bl ij RkkSck o bLrX+Q+kj gSA                      ukikdh dh gkyr esa efLtns gje esa nkf[ky gksukA
      vxj vUt+ky gks tk,s rks bldk dqQ+~Q+kjk ,d xk; ;k
      mWaV dk ne nsuk gSA                                               dqQ+~Q+kjk %
¼4½ dke % choh ls ge fcLrjh djukA                                              ,d ÅWaV ;k xk; dh dqjckuh djuh gksxhA
dqQ+~Q+kjk %                                                            ¼uksV %& Åij crk, x, dq¶Qkjs ge us cgqr eq[rlj rkSj ij
      vxj ;s ge fcLrjh nl rkjh[k+ dks cM+s “kSrku dks dadjh             fy[kk gSA vyx vyx eLyd esa vyx vyx vgdke gSaA bl
ekjus ls igys dh Fkh rks mldk gt ugha gksxkA mls gt ds cD+;k            fy, bl ckjs esa vki vius ut+j;s ds vkfyeksa ls e”ojk ysaA½
                                                                   30
               gjeSu “kjhQSu ds pan e”gwj edkekr
enhuk equOojk ds rkjh[kh eqdkekr                                         okds gSA ;g bl eSnku esa gS ftls jlwy vYykg ¼l-½ us uekt+s bZn
                                                                         ds fy, eqUr[kc Qjek;k FkkA ,d fjok;r ds eqrkfcd uch djhe
efLtns dq+ck%& tc uch djhe ¼l-½ fgtjr Qjek dj                            ¼l-½ us utk”kh ¼jft+½ dh xk;ckuk uekt+s tukt+k Hkh bl txg
enhuk equOojk igqWaps rks lc ls igys vki ¼l-½ us blh efLtn dh            i<+kbZ FkhA bls efLtns x+ekek bl fy, Hkh dgk tkrk gS ds uekt+ ds
cqU;kn j[kh vkSj [kqn bl dh rkehj esa “kjhd gq,A nj gdhdr ;gh            nkSjku ,d ckny us vki ¼l-½ dks /kwi ls lk;k fd;s j[kk FkkA
og igyh efLtn Fkh ftl esa vki us vius lgkck ¼jft+-½ dks                  tcys vksgn %& vksgn igkM+ ,d cM+k igkM+ gS tks enhuk
,ykfu;k ck&tekvr uekt+ i<+kbZA efLtns d+qck esa uekt+ i<+us dh           equOOjk dh “kqeky dh tkfuc vkSj efLtns ucoh ¼l-½ ls lk<+s ikap
Qt+hyr ds ckjs esa lgy fcu guhQ+ ¼jft+-½ ls fjok;r gS fd uch             fdyks feVj ds Qklys ij okds gSA ;g gje dh gqnwn ds vanj gSA
djhe ¼l-½ us Qjek;k ^^tks “k[l ?kj ls fudy dj bl efLtns                  bl dh yEckbZ 6 fdyks feVj vkSj jax lq[khZ ekby gSA
d+qck esa vk, vkSj ;gkWa 2 jd~vrsa i<+s bls ,d mejs dk lokc              uch djhe ¼l-½ us bl dh Qt+hyr ds ckjs esa bj”kkn Qjek;k
feysxkA                                                                  ^^;g ,d ,slk igkM+ gS tks ge ls eqgCcr djrk gS vkSj ge bl ls
efLtns btkck%& bl efLtn esa uch djhe ¼l-½ us rhu                         eqgCcr djrs gSaA**
nqvk,Wa QjekbZ Fkh bu esa ls nks nvk,sa vYykg rvkyk us dcwy              vksgn igkM+ gh ds ikl x+t+ok&,&vksgn gqok Fkk ftl esa uch djhe
Qjekyha] ysfdu ,d nqvk fd esjh mEEr esa vkilh b[rsykQ uk gksa            ¼l-½ ds ppk lS;nuk get+k ¼jft+½ vkSj nwljs eqlyeku “kghn gq,
bl nqvk dks dcwy uk Qjek;kA                                              FksA vki dk :ckbZ nkar VwaV x;k FkkA vki dk psgjk vUoj t[+eh
efLtns tqek%& bls ^efLtns tqek* bl fy, dgk tkrk gS fd                    gqok Fkk vkSj vki ds gksaV eqckjd ij Hkh t+[e vk, FksA bl igkM+
uch djhe ¼l-½ tc d+qck cLrh esa pan fnu Bgj dj enhuk                     ds nkeu es “kksgnk&,&vksgn dh d+cjsa gSaA
equOOjk dh rjQ pys rks blh eqdke ij vki ¼l-½ us igyk tqek                tUurqy cd+h %& ;g efLtns ucoh ¼l-½ ls fcYdqy d+jhc
i<+k;kA lgkck djke ¼jft+-½ us blh txg efLtn cuk nhA                      ,d dczLrku gS ftl esa rdjhcu 10 gt+kj lgkck ¼jft+½ en~Qwu
efLtns fd+CyrSu %& uch djhe ¼l-½ cuh lYek ds bykds                       gSaA uch djhe ¼l-½ dh vkSykns vr~gkj ¼jft+½ vkSj vT+okts
esa vius lgkck ¼jft+-½ ds lkFk t+ksgj dh uekt+ Ik<+ jgs FksA vki         eqrg~gjkr ¼jft+½ Hkh ;gha en~Qwu gSaA
¼l-½ us vHkh 2 jd ~vrsa gh Ik<+h Fkh ds fdCys dh rCnhyh dk gqDe          efLtns ucoh ¼l-½ %& efLtns ucoh ¼l-½ dh nhuh Q+t+hyrsa
vk x;kA vki ¼l-½ uekt+ gh esa dkck dh rjQ eqroTtk gks x,A                rks gSa gh nqU;koh ysgkt+ ls Hkh bl dk ,d [kkl eqdke gSA bl dh
bl efLtn esa ,d uekt+ nks fd+Cyksa dh rjQ eqag dj ds i<+h xbZ Fkh        rQlhykr tku dj vki dks gSjr gksxhA ;g nqU;k dk [kwclwjr
bl fy, bls efLtns fd+CyrSu dgk tkrk gSA                                  rjhu egy gSA bruk dherh vkSj [kwclwjr egy bUlkuh rkjh[k esa
efLtns cuh gkjlk ¼efLtns lq=kg½ %& uch djhe                              igys dHkh ugha cuk gSA bls cukus esa rdjhcu 360 vjc :i;s
¼l-½] x+t+ok&,&vksgn ls okilh ds oDr vkjke djus ds fy, bl                [kpZ gq, gSaA bls Vh- oh- ds fMLdojh pSuy us nqfu;k dh 8 vt+he
txg dqN nsj Bgjs Fks bl fy, bls efLtns lq=kg dgk tkrk gSA ;g             bekjrksa esa ls ,d dgk gSA vkSj ^fxuht+ cqd vkWQ oYMZ fjdkMZ* us
efLtn] uch djhe ¼l-½ ds nkSjs eqckjd esa gh rv~ehj dj nh xbZ             bls nqfu;k dh lc ls [kwclwjr bekjr rLyhe fd;k gSA bl dh
FkhA                                                                     [kwclwjrh ns[kus ds lkFk le>us ls Hkh rvYyqd j[krh gSA gt dh
efLtns Q+rg %& efLtns Qrg] enhuk equOojk dh “kqeky esa                   bl eq[rlj fdrkc esa bl dh T+;knk tQlhykr c;ku ugha dh tk
,d igkM+ ^lyv* esa okds gSA bl dks efLtns Qrg bl fy, dgk                 ldrhA vki bls ^^rv~ehjs efLtns ucoh** ohfMvks lh-Mh- esa ns[k
tkrk gS ds vYykg rvkyk us x+t+ok&,&[k+and+ ds nkSjku bl txg              yhft, ;k fQj ^^rkjh[ks enhuk equOojk** fdrkc esa Ik<+ yhft,A
uqLjr o Qrsg dh ogh uch djhe ¼l-½ ij ukft+y dh Fkh vkSj                  ;g nksuksa pht+sa vki dks eDdk eqdjZek vkSj enhuk equOojk esa fdlh
uch djhe ¼l-½ us lgkck djke ¼jft+½ ls Qjek;k Fkk ds                      Hkh fdrkcksa dh nqdku esa fey tk,xkhA
^^vYYkkg rvkyk dh rjQ ls uqljr o Qrsg dh ogh ij [kq”k gks                              bl efLtn ls eqrvfYyd flQZ nks ckrsa ;gkWa c;ku
tkvks**A                                                                 d:axkA ftl ls vki bl dh rv~ehj ds ckjs esa dqN vankt+k dj
efLtns x+ekek %& ;g efLtn] efLtns ucoh ¼l-½ ds                           ldsaxsA
tquwc&ex+fjc esa ckcs lyke ls vk/kk fdyks feVj ds Qklys ij                                                       ¼ckdh ist     34    ij½
                                                                    31
                            gje “kjhQ] feuk] eqT+nYQ+k vkSj vjQ+kr dk d+jhch uD”kk
gje “kjhQ                                                                                                                                   eT+cg [kuk
                                                     feuk dh gn “kq: gksrs gh tEjkr dk iqy
   ejok dh flEr ls feuk dh rjQ jkLrk                                                                                                                                                               efLtns “kv~:y gjke ls
                                                       cM+k “kSrku                                                            fdax Qsly iqy ¼eqT+nYQ+k½                                            iSny pyus ds nks jksM+
       feuk ds jkLrs esa igkM+ ds vUnj ls lqjax            njfe;kuh “kSrku
                                                                NksVk “kSrku                                                                              efLtns “kv~:y gjke ¼eqT+nYQ+k½          efLtns uejk
                    feuk ds fy, iSny pyus dk jkLrk               efLtns [k+SQ+
                                                                                               fdax vCnqy vt+ht+ iqy

                                                                            fdax [k+kfyn iqy                                                                                                                     tcy&,&jger
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                                                                    feuk                                               eqT+nYQ+k                                                                  vjQkr

                                 32                                                                                                                                                33
¼ist 31 dk cD;k-----                                                      efLtns lcd] dchyk lYek] efLtns cq[kkjh] dchyk cuw
                                                                          tkQj] dchyk vSj] tcy , jk;k bu rkjh[kh eqdkekr ds
gjeSu “kjhQSu ds pan e”kgwj edkekr½                                       ckjs esa xkbM ls n;kZ¶r djsaA
1½ vxj vki ljljh rkSj ij efLtns ucoh ¼l-½ dk njokt+k
ns[ksaxs rks vki dks cgqr [kwclwjr yxsxkA ydM+h dk ;g njokt+k             eDdk eqdjZek ds rkjh[kh edkekr
[kfyl lksus vkSj xksYM IysVsM LVhy ls tksM+k x;k gSA bl njokt+s           ekSfYyns jlwy ;kuh gqt+wj ¼l-½ dh tk, iSnkb”k%&
dks cukus ds fy, vÝhdk ds taxyksa ls [kfyl ydM+h pquh xbZ fQj                          ;g og eqdke gS tgkWa 22 vizSy 571 fgtjh lu dks
mls lhft+ax ds fy, teZuh Hkstk x;k] fQj mls dsusMk ds ekfgj               uch djhe ¼l-½ jgers vkye cu dj nqfu;k esa r”jhQ yk, FksA
dkjhxjksa us csgrjhu VsDuksyksth ls cuk;k gSA gj njokt+s dk ot+u          vc blh eqdke ij ,d yk;czjh vkSj enjlk gSA ;g eqdke gje
dbZ Vu gSA brus ot+u ds ckotwn ,d vkneh vklkuh ls bls [kksy               “kjhQ ls 3 QykZax dh nwjh ij lQk ejok dh tkfuc VsDlh LVWaM ds
;k can dj ldrk gSA                                                        ikl gSA
2½ bl efLtn dh VkbYl cgqr [kwclwjr gSaA vki lksp jgs gksaxs ds            tUurqy eqvYyk %& ;g eDdk eqdjZek dk dczLrku gSA ;gkWa ij
;g csgrjhu VkbYl nqfu;k dh lc ls csgrjhu VkbYl cukus okyh                 mEeqy eksfeuhu gt+jr [krhtrqy dqcjk ¼jft+½] cgqr lkjs lgkck
daifu;ksa ls [kjhns x, gksaxsA ugha] cfYd bl efLtn ds fy, lc ls           ¼jft+½] rkcbZu ¼jg-½ vkSj vkSfy;k , djke enQwu gSaA ;g
igys nqfu;k dh lc ls cM+h vkSj vkyk VsfDud okyh VkbYl cukus               ^efLtns ftu* ds djhc] feuk tkus okyh lM+d ij gSA
dh QSDVªh dk;e dh xbZA fQj ml esa VkbYl cuk dj bLrseky                    efLtn vy&jk;k %& ;g og txg gS tgkWa uch djhe ¼l-½ us
fd, x,A bl rjg bl efLtn esa bLrseky gksus okyk gj iqt+Zk vkSj             Qrgs eDdk ds ekSds ij viuk >aMk ulc Qjek;k FkkA
gj pht+ viuh felky vki gSA vki bls fnekx+ ls le> dj
viuh vka[kksa esa cls ysaA rlOoqjkr dh nqfu;k esa vius egcwc ¼l-½         efLtns ftUu %& bl txg uch djhe ¼l-½ us ftUukrksa ls cSr yh
ds bl egy esa tc vki d+ne j[ksaxs rks vki vius vki dks tUUr               FkhA
esa eglwl djsaxsA                                                         tcy , uwj %& ;g igkM+ eDdk eqdjZek ls feuk tkus okys jkLrs
enhuk equOOjk ds dbZ ckt+kj] eksgYys vkSj ckx+ksa dk ft+Ø gnhl            ij rdjhcu 3 ehy dh nwjh ij gSA bl dh mWapkbZ rdjhcu 2000
“kjhQ esa vk;k gSA bu eqdkekr ds dqN vklkj vc Hkh ckdh gSaA               fQV gSA bl dh pksVh ij x+kj , fgjk gS] tgkWa igyh ckj uch djhe
ftu dh QsgfjLr uhps nh xbZ gSA enhuk equOojk esa tc vki                   ¼l-½ ij ogh ukft+y gqbZ FkhA
ft+;kjr ds fy, fudysa rksa vius xkbM dks bu eqdkekr dh lSj                tcy , lkSj %& ;g igkM+ eDdk eqdjZek ls rdjhcu 6 ehy dh
djkus dk t+:j bljkj djsaA                                                 nwjh ij gSA bl dh pksVh ij x+kj , LkkSj okds gS] ftl esa uch djhe
1½ [kkd , f”kQk %& bl feÍh ls gqt+wj ¼l-½ us bykt dk rjhdk                ¼l-½ us fgtjr ds oDr gt+jr vcw&cØ flÌhd ¼jft+½ ds lkFk
crk;k FkkA                                                                rhu fnu d;ke Qjek;k FkkA bu nksuksa igkM+ksa ij det+ksj] t+bZQ
                                                                          vkSj chekj uk p<+saA
2½ d+chyk cuh utj ds edkukr %& ;g gqt+wj ¼l-½ dh okfynk dk
d+chyk FkkA                                                               efLtns vkb”kk ¼jft+½ %& bl efLtn dks efLtns rubZe Hkh dgrs
                                                                          gSaA ;g gqnwns gje ds ckgj gSA eDdk eqdjZek esa jgrs gq, vxj
3½ ckx , lewu %& ;g ml ;gwnh dk ckx+ gS ftl esa gt+jr                     fdlh dks mejk djuk gks rks bl eqdke ij vk dj mejk dk
vyh ¼jft+½ dke djrs FksA                                                  ,gjke cka/kk tkrk gSA
4½ ckx , lYeku Qkjlh %& bl ckx dks gqt+wj ¼l-½ us                         gt+jr [krhtk ¼jft+½ dk ?kj %& bl eqdke ij uch djhe ¼l-½ us
gt+jr lYeku Qkjlh ¼jft+½ dks xqykeh ls vkt+kn djkus ds fy,                enhuk equOojk fgtjr djus rd d;ke Qjek;kA gt+jr bczkghe
vius gkFkksa ls yxk;k FkkA                                                ¼vyS-½ ds bykok vki ¼l-½ dh lkjh vkSyknsa bl eqdke ij iSnk
5½ chj , [kkre %& bl dqa,sa esa gqt+wj ¼l-½ dh vaxksBh]                   gqbZaA ;g eqdke ejok dh rjQ Nijk ckt+kj esa nkf[ky gksrs gh nk,sa
gt+jr mLeku dh maxyh ls fudy dj dqa,sa esa fxj xbZ FkhA vkSj              tkfuc t+jxjksa dh igyh xyh esa gSA vc ;gkWa nk:y gq¶Qkt+ dk;e
cgqr ryk”k ds ckn Hkh uk fey ldhA                                         dj fn;k x;k gS] tgkWa cPps dqjvku ikd fg¶t+ djrs gSaA
6½ chj , mLeku %& bl dqa,sa dks gt+jr mLeku ¼jft+½ us [kjhn               efLtns [kSQ+] efLtns uejk] efLtns “kv~:y gjke] tcy ,
dj eqlYekuksa ds fy, oDQ dj fn;k FkkA                                     jger] tEjkr ;g og eqdkekr gSa tgkWa vki dks gt ds ikap [kkl
7½ d+chyk cuw lYek dczLrku %& bl dczLrku esa gt+jr ftczbZy                fnuksa esa tkuk gksxkA exj yksxksa ds gqtwe dh otg ls vki fdlh Hkh
¼vyS-½ us [kqnk ds gqDe ls eqnksZa dks ft+ank dj ds gqt+wj ¼l-½ ds        eqdke dsk Bhd ls ugha ns[k ik,saxsA bl fy, gt ls igys ;k ckn esa
lkeus xqQrxw dh FkhA                                                      bfReuku ls bu eqdkekr dks t+:j ns[ksaA

                                                                     34
                              Q+YlQ+k gt] fed+kr vkSj
                             gje ds ,grsjke dk c;ku
gt njvly lQ+j vk[k+jr dh ,d jsgjly gSA tc fdlh dk                      gh “kgj gSa tSls vki dk “kgj gSA exj pqads eDdk “kjhQ+ esa [kq+nk
barsd+ky gksrk gS rks nksLr vgckc mls ugyk /kqyk dj] dQ+u              dk ?kj vkSj enhuk equOojk esa gqt+qj ¼l-½ Hkh enQ+qu gSa bl fy,
iguk dj] d+fCjLrku ystkdj NksM+ vkrs gSaA ejus okyk ohjkus             ;s nksuksa “kgj eksgrje gSaA vksj [k+qnk vkSj [k+qnk ds jlwy ¼l-½ us
esa d+;ker rd iM+k jgrk gSA fQj d+;ker ds fnu og viuh                  mUgsa gje d+jkj fn;k gSaA vkSj cgqr lkjh pht+ksa dh eqekfu;r
d+Cj ls fudy dj g”j ds eSnku esa tk,sxkA vkSj [k+qnk ds lkeus          Q+ekZbZ gSA vxj vki vius “kgj dh rjg og lkjs dke bu
vius vkeky dk fglkc fdrkc nsxkA vxj fdlh otg ls                        nksuksa eqd+nl “kgjksa esa Hkh djsaxs rks l[+r xqugxkj gksaxsA
vkeky dk ot+u de gqvk rks mls dksbZ vkSj ekSd+k ugha feysxkA
cfYd lt+k gksxhA                                                       gje dh gnqn esa eqantkZtS+y
        ;s vYykg rvkyk dk ,glku o dje gS ds mlus bUlkuksa
ij gt Q+t+Z dj ds lQ+j vk[k+jr dh jsglZy dk ekSd+k fn;k
                                                                       ckrsa gjke gSa%
vkSj bl ckr dk ekSd+k fn;k ds nqfu;k ds g”j ds eSnku esa vxj           (1)     yM+kbZ >xM+k djukA
vkeky dk iyM+k gYdk gS rks cUnk jks jks dj] fxj;k ot+kjh dj            (2) ?kkl ;k isM+ dkVuk] fdlh isM+ dh “kk[k+sa ;k dkaWVs rksM+ukA
ds viuh ex+fQ+jr djkysA                                                        (vki gje ds gnqn esa ?kkl dk ,d frUdk Hkh ugha
        gkth dQ+u (,gjke) igu dj ohjkus (feuk) esa tkrs gSaA                    rksM+ ldrs)
fQj ogkWa ls g”j ds eSnku (vjQ+kr) tkrs gSa vkSj fnu Hkj [k+qnk        (3) f”kdkj [ksyuk] fdlh f”kdkj fd;s tkus okys tkuoj dks
dh bcknr djrs gSaA vkSj jks jks dj vius fiNys lkjs xqukg ekQ+                  Mjkuk ;k viuh txg ls gVkukA
djkdj viuh ex+fQ+jr djk ysrs gSaA                                              (gje ds gnqn esa taxyh tkuojksa dks Hkh veku gSA mu dks
        vYykg rvkyk ds bl ,glku vkSj dje dh d+nj djuh                  ekjuk rax djuk rks nwj dh ckr gSA vxj og lk;s esa [kM+s gksa
pkfg;s] gt dh vgfe;r dks le>uk pkfg;s vkSj bl ls igys                  mUgsa gVk dj vki dk lk;s esa tkuk Hkh gjke gS)
ds ekSr vk tk,s ;k lwjt lok ust+s ij vk tk,s lgh rjhd+s ls             (4) fxjh iM+h pht+ksa dk mBkukA
gt djds viuh vkf[k+jr laokj ysuk pkfg;sA                                       bu dkeksa esa ls dksbZ vxj ,d Hkh dke djrk gSA rks
fed+kr %                                                               xqukgxkj gksxk vkSj dq¶Qkjk nsuk gksxkA feuk vkSj et+nqYQ+k Hkh
                                                                       gnqn gje esa “kkfey gSaA
      fed+kr gje ds pkjksa rjQ+ og gnwn gSa tgkWa ls xqt+jrs                   vYykg rvkyk dqjvku “kjhQ esa b”kkZn Qjekrs gSS ds tks
oD+r vxj vki mejk ;k gt dh fu;r ls gje “kjhQ+ dh rjQ+                  “k[l bu eghuksa esa gt dh fu;r djys rks gt ¼ds fnuksa½ esa uk
lQ+j dj jgs gSa rks ,gjke iguuk ykt+eh gSA vxj dksbZ cx+Sj             vkSjrksa ls b[rsykr djs] uk dksbZ cqjk dke vkSj uk fdlh ls
,gjke igus gje “kjhQ+ dh rjQ fed+kr dh gnwn esa nkf[k+y gks            >xM+sA vkSj tks usd dke rqe djksxs og [kqnk dks ekywe gks
x;k rks bls ne nsuk gksxkA fgUnqLrku ls tkrs oD+r fed+kr ;Yke          tk,xkA ¼lwjg cd+jk] 197½
ye dk igkM+h flfYlyk gSa vkSj enhuk “kjhQ+ ls eDdk “kjhQ+
tkrs oD+r fed+kr t+qYgysQ+k gSA
                                                                                             gTts eDcwy
gje dk ,sgrsjke %                                                              gt+jr vcw gqjSjkg (jth-) ls fjok;r gS ds jlwy vYykg
        efLtn mUgha pht+ksa ls cuh gksrh gS ftl ls fdlh dk ?kj           ¼l-½ ls fdlh us vt+Z fd;k] ;k jlwy vYykg ¼l-½ dkSu lk
curk gSA exj efLtn esa vki og lc dke ugha dj ldrs tks                    vey T+;knk vQ+t+y gS\ vki ¼l-½ us Qjek;k % vYykg vkSj
                                                                         ml ds jlwy vYykg ij bZekuA vt+Z fd;k] ml ds ckn\
?kj esa djrs gSaA efLtn [kq+nk dk ?kj gS bl fy, eksgrje gSA              Qjek;k% vYykg ds jkLrs esa ftgknA vt+Z fd;k] fQj\ Qjek;k%
vxj efLtn esa og lkjs dke vki djsaxs tks ?kj ij djrs gS rks              gTts eDcwyA
l[+r xqukgxkj gksaxsA eDdk “kjhQ+ vksj enhuk equOojk Hkh oSls                                                      ¼cq[kkjh] eqfLye½
                                                                  35
    rkjh[k eDdk eqdjZek vkSj dkck “kjhQ+
        gt+jr vCnqYykg fcu mej ¼jft+½ jkoh gSa ds vkLeku o                    esa ls ,d rubZe gSA tgkWa ls mejs ds fy, gkth ,gjke cka/krs gSaA
t+ehu dh iSnkb”k ds t+ekus esa ikuh dh lrg ls lc ls vOOy dkck                 bl bykds esa gj tkUnkj dks veku gSA vYykg rvkyk Qjekrs gSa]
dk edke ueqnkj gqokA fQj bl ds ckn t+ehu bl ds uhps ls                        ^^tks “k[l bl gje esa nkf[ky gks tk, og veu okyk gks tkrk
QSykbZ xbZA ¼ev~jsQr dkck] ist% 5½                                            gSA** ¼vkys bejku] 98½A bl vxj dksbZ dRy djds Hkh nkf[ky gks
        vYykg rvkyk Qjekrs gSaA yksxksa ds fy, bcknr dh xjt+                  tk, rks uk bls gje esa dRy fd;k tk,xk uk fxj¶rkj] tc rd
ls cuk;k tkus okyk igyk ?kj eDdk esa gSaA tks reke nqfu;k ds                  og gje ls ckgj uk vk tk,A gkWa vxj og gje esa tqeZ djs rks
fy, cjdr o fgnk;r okyk gSA ¼lwjg vkys bejku] 96½                              lt+k feysxhA D;aq fd bl us gje dh csgqeZrh dh gSA
        dkck “kjhQ dh rv~ehj 12 ejrck gqbZA bl esa ikap cgqr                          gqtw+j ¼l-½ dk bj”kkn gS fd efLtns gjke dh ,d uekt+
e”gwj gSaA                                                                    ,d yk[k uekt+ksa ls Hkh c< dj gSA ¼eLun vgen½
¼1½ Qfj”rksa us igyh ckj rv~ehj fd;kA ¼2½ gt+jr vkne ¼vyS-                            ;kuh ,d oDr dh uekt+ 55 lky dh uekt+ksa ls T+;knk gSA
½ us nwljh ckj rv~ehj fd;kA ¼3½ gt+jr bczkghe ¼vyS-½ us                       vkSj ;g ,d yk[k xquk T+;knk lokc dk feyuk lc usfd;ksa ds
rhljh ckj rv~ehj fd;kA ¼4½ gqt+wj ¼l-½ tc 25 lky ds Fks rc                    fy, gSA blh rjg eDdk eqdjZek esa ftl rjg usfd;ka c<rh gSa
dqjS”k us ejEer fd;kA ¼5½ gt+jr vCnqYykg fcu t+qcSj ¼jft-½ us                 mlh rjg xqukg Hkh c<rs gSaA
65 fgtjh esa u, fljs ls rv~ehj fd;kA                                                  edkes bczkghe og iRFj gS ftls vYykg rvkyk us gt+jr
        gt+jr bczkghe ¼vyS-½ ds t+ekus rd grhe [kkuk dkck dk                  bczkghe ¼vyS-½ ds fy, uje dj fn;k Fkk] vkSj bl ij [kM+s gks
fgLlk FkkA dqjS”k us tc dkck “kjhQ dh fQj ls ekEer dh rks                     dj og [kuk dkck dh rv~ehj djrs FksA vkSj bl ij gt+jr
gyky vkSj ikd nkSyr dh deh dh otg ls [kkuk dkck dks igyh                      bczkghe ¼vyS-½ ds dneksa ds fu”kku gSaA igys ;g iRFj [kkuk dkck
“kdy esa uk cuk lds vkSj grhe dk fgLlk [kuk dkck esa “kkfey                   ls fcYdqy yxk gqvk FkkA vYykg rvkyk Qjekrs gSa fd rqe edkes
uk dj ldsA                                                                    bczkghe dks tk&uekt+ cukvksA ¼cq[kkjh 702½
        gt+jr vCnqYykg bCus t+qcSj ¼jft+½ us tc [kuk dkck dh                          eqlYekuksa dh rknkn T+;knk gksus ds ckn uekt+ i<us okyksa ls
ejEer dh rks grhe Hkh [kuk dkck esa “kkfey dj fy;k vkSj igys                  rokQ djus okyksa dks nq”okjh gksus yxh rks gt+jr mej ¼jft+½ us
dh rjg [kuk dkck esa nks njokt+s dj fn,A ,d ef”jd vkSj ,d                     bls [kkuk dkck ls rdjhcu 14 feVj nwj dj fn;k Fkk vkSj vkt
ex+fjc dh rjQA tc gTtkt eDdk eqdjZek dk xouZj cuk rks                         rd mlh txg gSA ¼Qrsg vYk&ckjh] “kjg gnhl 7783½
ml us gt+jr t+qcSj ¼jft+½ dks “kghn dj fn;kA vkSj [kyhQk                              [kuk , dkck ij igyh ckj fx+ykQ+ nkSjs tkfgfy;r esa
vCnqy efyd fcu ejoku dh btkt+r ls grhe dks fQj [kkuk                          rcv vLvnqy geSjh us peM+s dk iguk;k FkkA gqt+wj ¼l-½ us Qrgs
dkck ls ckgj dj fn;kA vkSj exfjch njokt+k Hkh can dj fn;kA                    eDdk ds ckn ;euh diM+s dk fxykQ iguk;k FkkA ukflj vCcklh
[kyhQk dks tc gt+jr vkb”kk ¼jft+½ dh gnhl igqWaph rks cgqr                    us igyh ckj dkys jax dk fxykQ iguk;k FkkA rc ls vc rd
iNrk;kA exj ml us [kuk dkck dks blh rjg jgus fn;kA vkSj                       fx+ykQ+ dkys jax dk gh iguk;k tkrk gSA
vkt rd [kuk dkck blh gkyr esa gSA                                                     gtjs vLon vkSj edkes bczkghe ;g nksuksa tUur ds nks
        dqjvku “kjhQ esa eDdk eqdjZek ds ikap uke gSaA eDdk]                  pednkj iRFkj FksA ysfdu vYykg rvkyk us mu dk uwj [kRe dj
cDdk] vy&cyn] vy&vehu] mEeqy d+qjk                                            fn;kA vxj vYykg rvkyk mu dk uwj [kRe uk Qjekrs rks ;g
        nwljh eT+gch fdrkcksa esa Hkh [kkuk dkck dk ft+Ø gSA fganqvksa        t+ehu o vkLeku ds njfe;ku ;k ef”jd vkSj ex+fjc ds
esa [kkuk dkck ds fuEufyf[kr uke gSaA                                         njfe;ku iwjh nqfu;k dks jkS”ku dj nsrsA ¼eLun vgen 213@2½
        bykLin] byk;kLin] ukHkk izfFkfo;k] ukHkh dey] vfn                             t+ehu ij csgrjhu ikuh vkc , t+e t+e gSA ;g [kwjkd Hkh
iq”dj frFkZ] nkjnqdkcu] eqDrs”oj                                              gS vkSj chekjh ls f”kQk HkhA ¼eksvTtk dchj] frcjkuh] gnhl
        ckbcy esa eDdk eqdjZek dks vkSjrksa ds uke ls ;kn fd;k                11168½
gSA D;qa ds eDdk eqdjZek nqfu;k dk igyk “kgj gS vkSj lkjs “kgjksa                     gtjs vLon vkSj dkck ds njokt+s dh njfe;kuh txg dks
dh ekWa gSA                                                                   eqYrt+e dgk tkrk gSA gt+jr eqtkghn us Qjek;k] tks bl txg
        vYykg rvkyk us dkck “kjhQ ds vrjkQ ,d cM+s bykds                      vYykg lqCgkugw o rvkyk ls nqvk djsxk] vYykg rvkyk t+:j
dks gje djkj fn;k gSA gt+jr ftczbZy ¼vyS-½ us bl bykds dh                     ml dh nqvk dcwy Qjek,saxsA ¼rkjh[k , eDdk] vt+jdh
fu”kku&ngh gt+jr bczghe ¼vyS-½ dks dh FkhA gt+jr bczghe                       368@2½ gqt+wj ¼l-½ ;gkWa nhokj ls bl rjg fpeV dj nqvk ekaxk
¼vyS-½ us gje dh ljgn ij fu”kkuh ds rkSj ij cqtZ cuk fn, FksA                 djrs tSls cPpk viuh ekWa ls fpeV tkrk gS A vkSj ;gkWa bl rjg
gj nkSj esa bl dh ejEer gksrh jghA vkSj vkt rd ckdh gSA bl                    nqvk ekaxuk lqUur gSA
                                                                         36
                                               rokQ dk c;ku
      vYykg rvkyk dqjvku “kjhQ esa Qjekrs gSa% bl d+nhe                      rokQ djrs oDr ut+jsa pyus dh txg ij gksaA
?kj dk rokQ djuk pkfg,A ¼vYk~ gt] 29½
                                                                             rokQ djrs gq, [kkuk , dkck dh rjQ ns[kuk ed:g gSA
      jlwy vYykg ¼l-½ us Qjek;k% tks cSrqYykg dk rokQ                 bLryke djrs oDr ut++j [kkuk , dkck dh rjQ mB tk, rks
djs vkSj nks jdvr uekt+ i<s ml dks ,d x+qyke vkt+kn djus              dksbZ gtZ ughaA
dk lokc feysxkA ¼bCus ektk] fdrkc vy&eukfld] ckc
Qt+yqr~rokQ 29&56½                                                           vxj rokQ djrs djrs uekt+ ds fy, tekvr [kM+h
                                                                      gksxh rks rokQ jksd dj tekvr ls uekt+ Ik<+ ysa A vkSj NqVs gq,
       vki ¼l-½ dk bj”kkn gS % ftl us cSrqYykg “kjhQ dk 7             pDdj uekt+ ds ckn iwjs djysaA vxj pkj pDdjksa ds igys gh
ckj rokQ fd;k rks vYYkkg rvkyk gj gj d+ne ij ml ds                    vkidk ot+w VwVrk gS rks ot+w djds iwjk rokQ ;kuh lkr pDdj
xqukg dks ekQ+ Qjekrs gSaA vkSj gj gj dne ij usdh fy[krs gSaA         “kq: ls yxk ysaA pkj ls de pDdj yxkus ls igys ls oDQk gks
vkSj gj gj dne ij ,d njtk cqyan djrs gSaA ¼bCus [kqtSek]              x;k rks og pDdj fxus ugha tk,saxsA
bCus gCcku½
                                                                            rokQ “kq: djus ls igys flQZ igyh ckj rdchj dgrs
        gt+jr beke x+t+kyh ¼jg-½ us viuh fdrkc ^vg~;k ,               gq, vki dk lhuk [kkuk , dkck dh rjQ gksxkA bl ds ckn
mywe* esa gt+jr bCus mej ¼jft+½ dh fjok;r udy dh gS ds                lhuk [kkuk , dkck dh rjQ djuk ed:g gS vkSj ihB [kkuk ,
gqt+wj ¼l-½ us Qjek;k ds [kkuk , dkck dk rokQ cgqr fd;k               dkck dh rjQ djuk ed:g rgjheh gS] ;kuh gjke ds cjkcj
djks] og cM+h cqt+qxZ pht+ gSA ftl dks rqe d;ker ds jkst+ vius        gSA
ukek , vkeky esa ikvksxsA vkSj bl ds cjkcj dksbZ nwljk vey
j”d ds dkfcy uk ikvksxsA ¼lkrokWa ckc] gt ds bljkj vkSj                    ,d pDdj dh ftruh nwjh vki us [kkuk , dkck dh
ml dh eqekfuvr½                                                       rjQ lhuk ;k ihB djds rS dh mls fQj ls nksgjk ysaA og nwjh
                                                                      rokQ ds pDdjksa esa “kkfey ugha gksxhA
        gqt+wj ¼l-½ us bj”kkn Qjek;k% cSrqYykg dk rokQ uekt+
dh rjg gSA vYcRrk rqe bl esa ckr dj ldrs gksA rks tks Hkh                    ,Slk rokQ ftl ds ckn lbZ djuk gS ml ds “kq: ds rhu
nkSjkus rokQ ckr djs mldks vPNh ckr djuh pkfg,A ¼tkes                 pDdjksa esa bT+rck vkSj jey gSA ,Slk rhu ckj gksxkA igyk
frfeZt+h] fdrkc my gt] gnhl 96½                                       mejk ds rokQ esa] nwljk rokQs ft+;kjr esa vkSj rhljk 18
                                                                      ftf+YgTtk dks vxj feuk tkus ls igys vki rokQ vkSj lbZ
       rokQ esa Hkh uekt+ dh rjg “krsZa gSaA                          djrs gSa rcA
       rokQ ds fy, ot+w t+:jh gSA diM+s ikd gksaA lrj Nqik                 8 ft+fYgTtk dks vxj vki us rokQ vkSj lbZ dj yh rks
gksA                                                                  10 ftfYgTtk ds ckn flQZ vki dks rokQ ds 7 pDdj cxSj
       rokQ ds igys gtjs vLon ls igys fu;r djsA                       jey ds yxkus gksaxsA ml ds ckn lbZ djus dh t+:jr ughaA

      rokQ gtjs vLon ds lkeus gks dj] rdchj dg dj                          jey lqUur gS A vkxj dksbZ jey okys rokQ es jey
vkSj bLryke djds “kq: djsaA                                           djuk Hkwy tk,Wa rks ;g f[kykQs lqUur gksxkA exj rokQ gks
                                                                      tk,xkA rokQ nksgjkus dh t+:jr ughaA ;k fdlh us lkrksa
     gj pDdj ds vkf[kj esa rdchj dg dj bLryke djsA                    pDdj esa jey dj fy;k rks Hkh ;g ed:g gSA exj rokQ gks
¼bLryke ;kuh gtjs vLon pweuk½                                         tk,xkA
        ftl rjg uekt+ lyke Qsj dj [kRe dh tkrh gS] rokQ                     rokQ grhe ds ckgj ls djsaA D;qa fd grhe [kkuk , dkck
ds vkf[kj esa nks jdvr uekt+ Ik<+ dj rokQ iwjk fd;k tkrk              dk fgLLkk gS vkSj [kkuk , dkck ds ckgj ls fd;k tkrk gSA
gSA nks pDdjksa ds chp oDQk uk gksA

                                                                 37
      :dus ;ekuh vkSj gtjs vLon ds njfe;ku 70 gt+kj                     ist dk 63 cD;k-------
Qfj”rs rokQ djus okyksa dh nqvk ij vkehu dgrs gSaA
                                                                        1868 bZ- lu dk ,d cgjh lQ+js gt
        rokQ ds nkSjku dksbZ [kkl nqvk ;k vk;r i<+uk Qt+Z ;k
okftc ugha gSA tks dqN gt dh fdrkcksa esa fy[kk gS] flQZ eLuwu          dj fn,A 22 fnu esa ftíkg ls cEcbZ igq¡pkA ckfj”k dh
nvk,sa gSaA le> dj nqvk ekaxuk vkSj og nqvk,sa tks t+ckuh ;kn           otg ls cM+h eqf”dy ls twu ds nwljs g¶rs esa Hkksiky
gksa i<+uk T+;knk csgrj gSA                                             igq¡puk gqvkA lkjh eqír bl lQj dh lkr ekg gSA
                                                                                       ¼ck “kqfØ;k % ekgukek gt esxt+hu] eqacbZ½
         rokQ dk lokc fdlh dks Hkh igqWapk;k tk ldrk gSA tks
barsdky dj x, mUgsa vkSj tks ftank gSa vkSj eDdk eqdjZek ls nwj               ;g Fkk vius t+ekus ds ,d uokc dk gt dk
gSa mUgsa HkhA                                                          lQjA igys t+ekus esa uokcksa dks Hkh gt ds lQj esa tks
                                                                        rdkyhQ gksrh Fkha] bl u, t+ekus esa D;k bl dk ,d
      ev~t+wj] lokjh ij cSB dj rokQ dj ldrs gSA                         Qhln Hkh fdlh dks rdyhQ gksrh gS\ bl fy, bl et+ewu
       [kkuk , dkck ij 120 jgersa mrjrh gSaA ftu esa ls 60              dks dbZ ckj Ik<+ dj t+gu u”khu dj yhft,A fQj vki ds
jgersa rokQ djus okyksa ij] cD;k 40 jgersa uekt+ i<us vkSj              vius lQj esa vki dks vxj dksbZ rdyhQ gqbZ rks vki
20 [kkuk , dkck dks ns[kus okyksa ds fy, gSaA                           f”kdk;r ds ctk, vYykg dk “kqØ vnk djsaxsA
                                                                              vYykg rvkyk vki dk lQjs gt vklku vkSj
       :dus ;ekuh dks rokQ ds nkSjku flQZ gkFk yxkuk lqUur              [kSj o vkfQ;r okyk cuk,] vkSj vki dks gTts ec:j
gSA ckslk nsuk f[kykQs lqUur gSA vxj HkhM+ gks rks nwj ls xqt+j         vrk djsA vkehu
tk,saA bLryke Hkh uk djsaA :dus ;ekuh ds ikl :d dj lhuk
[kkuk , dkck dh rjQ dj ds gkFk yxkuk ;k HkhM+ yxkuk
f[kykQs lqUUr gS] vkSj eEuw gSaA                                                   ev~t+wj dh rjQ ls gt
       vlj ds ckn d+t+k QtZ+ uekt+ksa dks NksM+ dj vkSj uekt+                 gt+jr bCus vCckl ¼jt+h-½ ls fjok;r gS] ,d vkSjr
ugha Ik<+ ldrsA bl fy, vlj ds ckn gje esa T+;knk ls T+;knk             us vt+Z fd;k ;k jlwy vYykg] vYykg rvkyk us vius canksa
rokQ dhft, exj vk[kjh dh nks jdv~r rokQs okftc er                      ij gt Qt+Z fd;kA esjs cki ij ,Sls t+ekus esa Q+tZ+ gqvk ds og
i<;sA vkSj efXjc ds ckn vki us ftrus rokQ fd, gSa mu ds                fcYdqy cw<+s gks x,] lokjh ij Bgj ugha ldrs rks D;k esa bu
fglkc ls gj rokQ ds fy, nks jdv~r vyx vyx Ik<+ yhft,A                  dh rjQ ls gt dj ldrh gq¡\ vki ¼l-½ us Qjek;k] gk¡A
bl rjg gje “kjhQ ds vanj vki dk gj yEgk csgrjhu                        ¼cq[kkjh] eqfLye½
bcknr esa xqt+jsxkA                                                           gt+jr yd+hn fcu vkfej ¼jt+h-½ ls fjok;r gS] ds og
       flQZ rokQ djrs gq, uekft+;ksa ds lkeus ls xqt+juk               uch ¼l-½ dh f[kner esa gkft+j gq,A vkSj vtZ+ fd;k] ;k
tkbt+ gSA bl ds bykok eDdk eqdjZek] enhuk equOOjk vkSj dgha            jlwy vYykg] esjs cki cgqr cw<+s gSa] uk gt dj ldrs gSa uk
Hkh uekft+;ksa ds lkeus ls xqt+juk tkbt+ ugha gSA gje “kjhQ esa        mejk] vkSj uk pyus vkSj lokj gksus dh dqOOr gSA vki ¼l-½
vxj fdlh ds lkeus ls xqt+js cxSj pkjk gh uk gks rks de vt+             us Qjek;k] rqe vius cki dh rjQ ls gt o mejk dj yksA
de uekt+h ls 4 fQV dh nwjh ;k ltnk djus dh txg dss ckgj                ¼vcw nkÅn] frfeZt+h½
ls xqt+jsaA
                                                                       jetku dk mejkg
                                                                       gtjr vCnqYykg fcu vCckl (jft) ls fjok;rs ds jlqy
                                                                       vYykg (l-)us QekZ;k jetku dk mejkg gt djus ds
                                                                       cjkcj gS tks esjs lkFk dh;k tk,A (cq[kkjh&eqfLyhe)
                                                                  38
               vjdku&,&mejk vkSj gt dk c;ku
        mejk ds flQ+Z nks Q+jk,t+ vkSj nks okftckr gSaA tks Hkh        ¼6½ lj ds cky eqaMokuk ;k drjokukA
mUgsa iqjk djsxk ml dk mejk gks tk,sxkA                                ¼7½ fed+kr ls ckgj jgus okys dks rokQ+s fonk djukA
        blh rjg gt ds rhu Q+jkbt+] N% okftckr vkSj nl                  ¼8½ 10]11]12 rkjh[k dks jkrsa feuk esa xqt+kjukA
lqUursa gSaA tks Hkh mUgsa iqjk djsxk ml dk gt gks tk,sxkA             (5)      gt dh lqUursa %
        bl fdrkc esa ge lQ+j ds vyx vyx ejgyksa ds fy,s
                                                                       (1)   eqQ+jn vkQ+kdh vkSj d+kju dks rokQ+ d+nqe djukA
vyx vyx nqvk,sa vT+dkj vkSj ufQ+y uekt+ dk ft+Ø djsaxsA
                                                                       (2)   beke dk rhu ed+ke ij [k+qRck i<+ukA lkroha ft+fYgTtk
;s flQ+Z gt vkSj mejk dh bcknr dks vkSj vQ+t+y cukus ds
fy,s gSaA mu ds uk djus ij uk dksbZ xqukg gksxk vkSj uk gt                   dks eDdk eqdjZek esa] uoha ft+fYgTtk dks vjQ+kr esa vkSj
vkSj mejk dh bcknr esa dksbZ Q+d+Z vk,sxkA                                   X;kjgoha dks feuk esaA
                                                                       (3)   uoha ft+fYgTtk dh jkr esa feuk esa jgukA
(1)       mejk ds Q+jkbt+ %                                            (4)   rqyw vkQ+rkc ds ckn uoha ft+fYgTtk dks feuk ls vjQ+kr
                                                                             dks tkukA
(1)   ehd+kr ls ,gjke ckaW/kuk] fu;r djuk vkSj rfYc;k                  (5)   vjQ+kr ls beke ds pyus ds ckn pyukA
      i<+ukA                                                           (6)   eqT+nYQ+k esa vjQ+kr ls okil gksrs gq,s jkr dks BgjukA
(2)   [k+kuk dkck dk rokQ+ djuk vkSj rokQ+ ds ckn nks                  (7)   vjQ+kr esa xq+lqy djukA
      jdv~r uekt+ okftcqRrokQ+ i<+ukA                                        bu ds bykok Hkh cgqr lh lqUursa gSaA
(2)       mejk ds okftckr %
(1)   lQ+k o eokZ ds nfeZ;ku lbZ djukA
(2)   cky drjokuk ;k eqaMokukA

(3)       gt ds Q+jkbt+ %
(1)   ,gjke igu dj gt dh fny ls fu;r djuk vkSj
      rfYc;k dgukA
(2)   od+wQ+ vjQ+kr ;kuh 9 ft+fYgTtk dks t+oky vkQ+rkc ls
      ys dj 10 ft+fYgTtk dh lqcg lkfnd+ rd vjQ+kr esa
      fdlh oD+r BgjukA vxjps ,d yEgk ds fy,s gh D;ksa uk
      gksA gqt+wj ¼l-½ us Qjek;k ^^gt vjQkr esa Bgjus dk
      uke gSA** ¼tkes frfeZt+h] gnhl 889½
(3)   rokQ+ ft+;kjr tks nloha ft+fYgTtk dh lqcg ls ysdj
      ckjgoha ft+fYgTtk ds ex+fjc rd fd;k tk ldrk gSA

(4)       gt ds okftckr %
¼1½   vjQkr esa lwjt Mwcus rd BgjukA
¼2½   eqT+nYQk es odwQ ds oDr BgjukA
¼3½   lQ+k o ejok ds nfeZ;ku lbZ djukA
¼4½   “kSrku dks ck&rjrhc dadjh ekjukA
¼5½   dqckZuh djukA
                                                                  39
     lQ+js gt ij fudyus ls igys dh rS;kfj;akW
(1) N% ls vkB vPNs vkSj nhunkj yksxksa ds lkFk xzqi cuk dj            EkqQ+fLly ntZ djnsa vkSj fdlh ekeyk “kukl vkSj nhunkj
gt dk Q+keZ HkjsaA D;ksa fd ,d dejk esa N% ls vkB yksxksa dks         l[+l dks viuk d+k;e eqd+ke cuk nsaA
j[kk tkrk gSA vxj ;s yksx ge [k+;ky vkSj usd gksa rks cM+h            (5) ?kj okyksa dks vki dh x+Sj ekStqnxh esa Hkh uekt+ i<+rs
vklkuh gksrh gSA                                                      jgus vkSj iqjh rjg nhu ij pyrs jgus dh ulhgr dj nsaA
(2) fny esa ;s ;d+hu tek,sa fd eq>s esjk eky] esjh rkd+r]             (6) lnd+k ls cyk,sa Vyrh gSaA bl fy, lQ+j esa tku vkSj
esjh lykfg;r eq>s gt ds lQ+j ij ugha ys tkjgh gSA cfYd                eky dh fgQ+kt+r ds fy, lnd+k [k+Sjkr dj nsa ;k x+jhcksa dks
eq>s esjk [k+qnk ys tk jgk gSA dbZ yksx nqfu;k esa ekynkj gSa]        [kkuk f[kyk nsaA
ck&lykfg;r gSa] rkd+roj gSa] ysfdu mUgsa [k+qnk dk gqDe ugha
gqvk] os ugha tk ldrsA                                                (7) vxj fdlh dk gd+ vnk uk fd;k gks rks vnk dj nsaA
                                                                      fdlh dk fny nq[kk;k gks rks ekQ+h ekax ysaA vYykg rvkyk cs
       esa us t+krh rkSj ls eglql fd;k fd gt uk flQZ vYykg
dh rkSfQ+d+ ls ge dj ikrsa gSa] cfYd gt ds vjdku Hkh vYykg            fu;kt+ gSA [k+qn ds gqd+qd+ ekQ+ dj nsxkA ysfdu cUnksa ds gqd+qd+
rvkyk vius Q+T+y ls iqjk djkrs gSaA rhl ls pkyhl yk[k ds              ekQ+ ugha djsxkA mls rks vki dks canksa ls gh ekQ+ djkus gksaxsA
etek esa vxj vYykg rvkyk dh enn uk gksrh rks eSa vkSj dbZ             (8) lQ+js gt dh lkeku dh eqdEey Q+sgfjLr cukysa vkSj
gkth vjQ+kr vkSj eqT+nYQ+k oD+r ij uk igqaWp ikrs vkSj ;s             ml ds eqrkfcd+ lkeku ,d ;k nks fnu igys gh iSd djysaA
vjdku ge ls Q+kSr gks ldrs FksA                                       (9) ,d vyx gSaM cSx esa ikLiksVZ] tgkt+ dk fVdV] f”kuk[+rh
(3) gkth dgykus dk “kkSd+] [k+jhnkjh ox+Sjg Hkh gt dh fu;r            dkMZ vkSj nqljs t+:jh lkeku j[kysaA ;s csx ,Slk gks ds bls
ds lkFk “kkfey gks rks rkSck djsa vkSj gt dh fu;r [k+kfyl             vki 14 ?kaVs ds lQ+j esa ges”kk vius dka/ks ls yVdk,s jg ldsaA
vYykg dh jt+k ds fy,s djsaA                                           (10) cky lkQ+ dj ysa] uk[k+qu dkV ysa vkSj ugk /kks dj vPNh
(4) dkjksckj vkSj ?kj dh lkjh t+:fj;kr vkSj meqj ls                   rjg ikd gks tk,saA
eqrkfYyd+ olh;r ukek fy[k nsa] ysuk nsuk] gd+ gqd+d+ lc

                                    lQ+js gt ij fudyus ls
                                     igys fu;r dk c;ku
      gt rhu rjg ds gksrs gSa vkSj lQ+js gt esa gt ds lkFk                    gt&,&reRrks esa gkth igys mejk dh fu;r ls ,gjke
mejk Hkh fd;k tkrk gSA rks tc vki ?kj ls ,gjke igu dj                 igurs gSa vkSj mejk dj ds ,gjke mrkj nsrs gSaA fQj
fudysaxs rks D;k fu;r djsaxs\ mejk dh\ gt dh\ vkSj fdl                8 ft+fYgTtk dks ,gjke gt dh fu;r ls igurs gSa vkSj gt dj
rjg ds gt dh\                                                         ds mrkjrs gSaA fgUnqLrku ls tkus okys gkth;ksa dks gt&,&reRrk
                                                                      gh vklku gksrk gSA bl fy,s ge bl gt dks lh[ksaxsA
gt dh rhu fd+Lesa gSa%                                                        bl fy,s vxj vki dh ¶+ykbV ftn~nk ds fy,s gks vkSj 8
      (1)    gt&,&bQ+jkn                                              ft+fYgTtk ls igys dh gks rks vki dks eDdk “kjhQ+ igaqWp dj
      (2)    gt&,&fd+jku                                              igys mejk djuk gSA bl fy,s vki ,gjke Hkh mejk dh fu;r
      (3)    gt&,&reRrks                                              ls igusaxs vkSj igys fu;r Hkh mejk gh dh djsaxsA
      gt&,&bQ+jkn esa gkth ,gjke flQ+Z gt dh fu;r ls                          vxj vki dh ¶+ykbV enhuk ds fy,s gks rks uk vki ?kj
igurs gS vkSj flQ+Z gt dj ds ,gjke mrkj nsrs gSaA                     ls ,gjke igu dj fudysasxs vkSj uk fdlh pht+ dh fu;r
                                                                      djsaxs] cfYd enhuk esa pkyhl oD+r dh uekt+ iqjh dj ds tc
      gt&,&fd+jku esa gkth gt vkSj mejk nksuksa dh fu;r ls            vki enhuk ls eDdk jokuk gksaxs rc vki dks ,gjke igu dj
,gjke igurs gSa vkSj nksuksa djus ds ckn gh ,gjke mrkjrs gSaA         mejk dh fu;r djuk gksxkA
                                                                 40
                                        lQ+js gt dk vkx+kt+
        vPNh rjg ugk /kks dj lkQ+ lqFkjs gks tk,sa vkSj ,gjke               uekt+ vkSj ot+kbQ+ i<+rs gq,s xq+t+kjsaA vki ftl txg Tkk jgs gSa
igu ysaA                                                                    (eDdk “kjhQ+) ogkaW ,d usdh dk lokc ,d yk[k xquk c<+k dj
        bl eqckjd lQ+j dh dke;kch ds fy,s vYykg ls nqvk,sa                  feyrk gSA blh rjg ,d x+yrh dk xqukg Hkh ,d yk[k xquk
ekaxsaA nqvk T+;knk vlj j[krh gS tc ;s ufQ+y uekt+ i<+ dj                   feysxkA gt+jr uqg (vyS-) dh mej 950 lky FkhA vxj vki
ekaxh tk,sA bl fy,s nks] nks jdv~r dj ds nl jdv~r ufQ+y                     pkj fnu gje “kjhQ+ esa bcknr djsa rks pkj yk[k fnu ds cjkcj
uekt+ bl rjg i<+saA                                                         bcknr dk lokc feysxkA tks ds 1000 lky dh bcknr ls T+;knk
        nks jdv~r ufQ+y uekt+ lYkkrqYgktkr dh fu;r ls i<+sa]                gSA ;kuh vki gt+jr uwg (vyS-) dh mej ls Hkh T+;knk vjls rd
        vkSj vYykg rvkyk ls nqvk djsa ds vYykg rvkyk vki                    bcknr djrs jgsA bl ls vki vUnkt+k yxk,sa fd vxj vki ,d
        dk lQ+js gt vklku vkSj dke;kc djs vkSj vki dks                      eghus gje esa bcknr djrs jgs rks fdruk lokc feysxkA os yksx
        gts ec:j vrk Q+ekZ,sA                                               [k+q”k ulhc gSa tks bl ckr dks le> dj bl lqugjs ekSd+s dk
                                                                            Q+k;nk mBkrs gSaA
        nks jdv~r ufQ+y uekt+ lYkkrqYrkSck dh fu;r ls i<+saA
        bl ufQ+y uekt+ ds ckn vki vYykg rvkyk ds njckj                              vius oru esa ,d Q+t+Z uekt+ NwV tk,s rks ml dk xqukg
        esa lPps fny ls vius xqukgksa ls rkSck djsaA                        70 xqukgs dchjk ds cjkcj gksrk gS ftldh tgUue dh lt+k dbZ
        nks jdv~r ufQ+y uekt+ “kqØkus dh i<+sa vkSj vYykg                   yk[k lky gSA ;gh xqukg vxj gje “kjhQ+ esa gks tk,s rks ;s ,d
        rvkyk dk “kqØ vnk djsa ds ml us ;s rkSQ+hd+ vki dks nh              yk[k xquk vkSj c<+ tk,sxkA uekt+ NksM+us ds lkFk vxj fdlh us
        fd vki gt ds lQ+j ij tk jgs gSaA                                    x+hcr Hkh dh] ut+jksa dk xqukg Hkh fd;k] >xM+k ox+Sjg Hkh fd;k
        nks jdv~r uekt+ vius vkSj vius ?kj okyksa dh cykvksa                vkSj eghus Hkj djrk jgk rks ,Slk l[+l tc gt ds lQ+j ij
        vkSj eqlhcrksa ls fgQ+kt+r dh fu;r ls i<+sa vkSj nqvk djsa          fudyrk gS rks dqN usd gksrk gSA vkSj xqukg dk t+[k+hjk Hkh mldh
        ds vYykg rvkyk vki dks lQ+j esa vkSj ?kj okyksa dks                 mej ds eqrkfcd+ ipkl lkB lky dk gksrk gSA vxj tc gt ls
        oru esa vius veku vkSj fgQ+kt+r esa j[ks vkSj reke                  okil vkrk gS rks gt+kjksa lky dh mej ds xqukg ds cjkcj xqukgksa
        eqlhcrksa ls egQw+t+ j[ksA                                          dk t+[k+hjk ysdj vkrk gSA ,Slk cnc[+r balku gt dj ds gkth ds
        vk[k+jh nks jdv~r uekt+ ,gjke dh fu;r ls i<+saA lkjh                cnys ikth ugha cusxk rks vkSj D;k cusxk\ bl fy,s dqN yksx gt
        uekt+sa vki ,gjke dh pknj ls lj <kWai dj i<+sa vkSj                 ds ckn T+;knk cn~nhu gks tkrs gSaA vYykg rvkyk gesa vki dks vkSj
        vk[k+jh nks jsdr dk lyke Qsj dj lj [kksy nsa exj                    lkjs eqlyekuksa dks nhu le>us vkSj ml ij lgh rjhd+s ls pyus
        vHkh mejk dh fu;r uk djsaA mejk dh fu;r vxj vki                     dh rkSQ+hd+ vrk QekZ,sA vkehuA
        tgkt+ esa ;Yke ye fed+kr ls djsaxs rks T+;knk vklkuh                        og eqd+n~nl t+ehu ftls ns[kus ds fy,s yk[kks vakW[ksa rjLrh
        gksxhA ;Yke ye fed+kr ftn~nk mrjus ls ,d ?kaVk igys
        vkrk gS vkSj tgkt+ dk veyk fed+kr vkus ij vki dks                   gSaA ogakW vki dks flQ+Z pkyhl fnu jguk gSA bu pkyhl fnuksa ds
        bldh [k+cj dj nsxkA                                                 fy,s vxj vki nqfu;knkjh NksM+ nsaxs rks D;k d+;ker vk tk,sxh\
        cqt+qxksZa ls lquk gS fd ,gjke dh gkry esa balku tks Hkh dke        ?kj ls fudyrs oD+r viuh nqfu;knkjh dks ;gha NksM+ dj lQ+js gt
djrk gS ml ij eqgj yx tkrh gSA fQj og ftUnxh Hkj mls                        ij jokuk gksaA vkSj vkus okys gj yEgs dks x+uher le>sa vkSj
nqgjkrk jgrk gSA oSls rks gj oD+r xqukgksa ls cpuk pkfg;s exj               ftruh usdh vius nkeu esa lesV ldrs gksa lesV ysaA ekSr dh fdls
,gjke dh gkyr esa xqukgksa ls l[+r ijgst+ djuk pkfg;s vkSj iwjh             [k+cj] gks ldrk gS ;s vki dk vk[k+jh lQ+j gks\
rjg ls lqUur ds eqrkfcd+ “kc&o&jkst+ xq+t+kjus dh dksf”k”k djuk                     LVhy dk dM+k igu ysa] ikLiksVZ] ,s;j fVdV vkSj nqljk
pkfg;sA                                                                     t+:jh lkeku gSaM cSx esa j[kdj dka/ks ij yVdkysaA lkjs lkeku ij
        dqN ,Sls xqukg gSa ftu dh gesa vknr lh gS vkSj mu ds                viuk uke irk vkSj doj uacj fQj ,d ckj takWp ysa vkSj ?kj
xqukg gksus dk ges ,glkl rd ugha gksrkA tSls x+hcr] ut+jksa dk              okyksa ds fy,s vYykg rvkyk ls nqvk djsa bUgsa vYykg rvkyk dh
xqukg ox+SjgA vkSj ;s xqukg ge ml oD+r djrs gSa tc ge                       veku esa nsa vkSj ;s nqvk i<+saA
nqfu;knkjh dh ckrsa djrs gSa ;k ckt+kjksa esa ?kqers gSaA ,gjke dh
gkyr esa oSls Hkh gje ds gnqn esa bu nksuksa ls ijgst+ djsa vkSj
T+;knk ls T+;knk oD+r dq+jvku “kjhQ+ dh frykor] rokQ+] ufQ+y
                                                                       41
rtZqek % vPNk tkvks rqe vkSj rqEgkjk nhu vkSj rqEgkjh nhu o                 gksxkA fQj vki dk lkeku ot+u gksxk] mlds ckn vki dk lkeku
nqfu;k dh vekur vkSj rqEgkjs dkeksa dk vatke vYykg rvkyk ds                 tgkt+ ij yksM gksus pyk tk,sxk vkSj vki dks tgkt+ ij lokj
lqiqnZ gSA vYykg rvkyk rqe dks rd+ok dh nkSyr ls uokt+s vkSj                gksus ls igys osfVax gkWy (Waiting Hall) esa tkdj barst+kj
rqEgkjs fy,s usfd;akW vklku djsA tgakW dgha jgksA                           djus ds fy,s dgk tk,sxkA bl gkWy esa vki is”kkc ik[k+kuk ls
            ?kj ls fudyrs gq,s ;s nqvk i<+saA                               Q+kfjx+ gksdj ot+q djysaA gt dehVh dh rjQ+ ls uekt+ i<+us dk
                                                                            Hkh barst+ke fd;k tkrk gSA oD+r gks rks uekt+ Hkh Ik<+ ysaA
                                                                                    tgkt+ dk lQ+j lk<+s pkj ls ikaWp ?kaVs dk gksrk gSA tgkt+ esa
rtZqek % “kq: djrk gqaW vYykg ds uke ls] esjk vYykg rvkyk ij                Vok;ysV rks gS exj ukikd gksus dk [k+rjk jgrk gS vkSj ot+q dk
beku vkSj mlh ij Hkjkslk gS] vkSj ;s ;d+huh ckr gS ds vYykg                 barst+ke Hkh ugha] bl fy, igys ls gh rS;kj jgsaA
rvkyk ds gqDe ds cx+Sj ,d iRrk Hkh ugha fgYrk] eSa vYykg gh ds                      tc tgkt+ esa lokj gksus dk ,syku fd;k tk,s rks lokjh dh
lgkjs lQ+j “kq: djrk gqaWA                                                  nqvk i<+rs gq,s tgkt+ esa nkf[k+y gksa vksj tc tgkt+ jokuk gks rks ;s
         lokjh vk tk,s rks lokjh ij lqUur rjhd+s ls lokj gksaA              nqvk i<+sa %
         lokjh ij lokj gksus dk lqUur rjhd+k %
         gt+jr vyh fcu jch;k (jt+h-) ls fjok;r gS ds vyh                    rtZqek % tgkt+ksa dk pyuk vkSj Bgjuk vYykg gh ds uke dh
(jt+h) fcu vch rkfyc ds fy,s tc lokjh ykbZ xbZ rks bl oD+r                  cdZr ls gS] cs”kd esjk jc c[k+”us okyk vkSj jge djus okyk gSA
eSa ekStqn FkkA bUgksa us tc bl dh jsdkc ij iSj j[kk rks fcfLeYykg
dgkA fQj tc ihB ij cSB x,s rks dgk vYgEnks fyYygk fQj
Q+ekZ;k&
                                                                                  ist ua-     43dk cd+k;k^^gokbZ lQ+j vkSj
                                                                                             eDdk eqdjZek esa vken**
                                                                                      lkeku dejk esaj[kdj dqN [kk ih ysaA t+:jr gks rks
                                                                              dqN nsj vkjke dj ysaA tks fj;ky vki dks ,;jiksVZ ij feys
rtZqek % bl vYykg dh rkjhQ+ gS ftlus bl dks gekjs fy,s                        Fks mUgsa lwVdsl esa fgQkt+r ls j[k nsaA vius lkFk gje esa
eql[+[k+j dj fn;kA ge bl dh rkd+r ugha j[krs Fks vkSj ge vius                 gjfxt+ uk ys tk,sA fQj mejk dh rS;kjh djsaA eDdk eqdjZek
jc dh rjQ+ iyVus okys gSaA                                                    igqaWp dj vki ftruh tYnh mejk djsaxs mruk vQ+t+y gSA
fQj rhu ejrck vYgEnks fyYykg dgk] fQj rhu ckj vYykg                           jiksVZ ij feys Fks mUgsa lwVdsl esa fgQkt+r ls j[k nsaA vius
vDcj dgk A fQj ;s nqvk i<+h&                                                  lkFk gje esa gjfxt+ uk ys tk,sA fQj mejk dh rS;kjh djsaA
                                                                              eDdk eqdjZek igqaWp dj vki ftruh tYnh mejk djsaxs mruk
                                                                              vQ+t+y gSA
                                                                                      gt o jet+ku ds fnuksa esa gje “kjhQ esa uekt+ o
rtZqek % ikd gS rqA cs”kd eSa us viuh tku ij tq+Ye fd;kA cl                   uekt+ ds ckn rokQ djus okyksa dk t+cjnLr gqtwe gksrk gS
eq>dks c[+”k ns vkSj rsjs flok dksbZ c[+”us okyk ughaA                        ftl otg ls mejk ds vjdku vnk djus esa dkQh ijs”kkuh
       ;s dg dj gal fn;s] yksxksa us dgk ,s veh:Yk eksesuhu vki               gksrh gSA lqcg b”jkd ds ckn vkSj jkr esa b”kk vkSj [kkus ds
                                                                              ckn gje “kjhQ dqN [kkyh gksrk gSA ysgkt+k bu nks oDrksa esa
galrs D;ksa gSaA bUgksa us QekZ;k ds eSa us gqt+qj (l-) dks blh rjg           vxj vki mejk djsa rks dnjs vklkuh gksxhA
djrs ns[kk Fkk ftl rjg eSa us fd;k vkSj tc vki gals rks esa us Hkh
vt+Z fd;k Fkk ;k jlwyYykg fdl ckr us vki dks galk;kA vki
(l-) us Q+ekZ;k Fkk rqEgkjk jc ikd gSA bl ds cans tc dgrs gSa ds                              mej Hkj dk dq¶Qkjk
,s jc eq>s c[+”k ns rks fQj og [k+q”k gksrk gS fd esjk cank tkurk gS
ds esjs flok dksbZ c[+”kus okyk ughaA                          (vcq                    gt+jr vcw gqjSjkg (jth-) ls fjok;r gS ds jlwy
nkÅn&frfeZt+h)                                                                vYykg ¼l-½ ls lquk gS ds ftl us gt fd;k vkSj dksbZ csg;kbZ
                                                                              dk dke ugha fd;k vkSj fQLd o Qqtwj ls cpk jgk rks og
            ,;jiksVZ igqaWp dj cx+Sj T+;knk oD+r cjckn fd;s                   xqukgksa ls bl rjg ikd gks tk,xk tSls vkt iSnk gqvk gSA
,;jiksVZ esa nkf[k+y gks tk,saA igys vki dks t+js eqcknyk feysxkA             ¼cq[kkjh] eqfLye½
bls vki fgQ+kt+r ls vius gSaM cSx ds vanj okyh tsc esa j[k ysaA
rkds vxj ckj ckj cSx [kksyuk gqvk rks iSlk fxjus ;k [kks tkus dk                       gt+jr vcw gqjSjkg (jth-) ls fjok;r gS ds jlwy
                                                                              vYykg ¼l-½ us Qjek;k% ,d mejk ls nwljs mejk rd chp ds
Mj uk gksA                                                                    reke xqukgksa dk dq¶Qkjk gSA vkSj gTts ec:j dh tt+k tUUr
       t+js eqcknyk feyus ds ckn vki ds yxst dk lsD;qjhVh psd
                                                                       42
         gokbZ lQ+j vkSj eDdk eqdjZek esa vken
       gokbZ lQ+j lk<+s pkj ?kaVs dk gS lQ+j ds nkSjku dksfYMªad]           lkeku igpku dj ,d txg tek djuk gS vkSj ml dh lsD;wjhVh
[kkuk vkSj [k+q”cwnkj dkx+t+ ds :eky feysaxsA vxj vki us lQ+j               takWp djkuh gSA takWp ds ckn vki dk lkeku fQj ys fy;k tk,xk
“kq: djus ls igys mejk dh fu;r dj yh gS rks [k+q”cqnkj e”:ckr               vkSj mls cl vM~Ms ij igqaWpk fn;k tk,xkA
(Cold Drink)] [k+q”cwnkj :eky vkSj [k+q”cwnkj [kkus ls ijgst+ djsa                   rhljs ejgys esa vki dks d+jhc nks lkS feVj nwj fgUnqLrku
D;ksa dh ,gjke dh gkyr esa [k+q”cw yxkuk vkSj [kkuk nksuksa dh              ds cl vM~Ms dh rjQ tkuk gSA ftn~nk dk ,;jiksVZ cgqr cM+k gS
eqekfuvr gSA vxj mejk dh fu;r uk dh gks rks “kkSd+ ls [kk,saA               vkSj [kkstkus dk [k+rjk jgrk gSA bl fy, vius lkFkh;ksa ds lkFk
       rhu ?kaVs lQ+j ds ckn fu;r djus dh rS;kjh dhft,A                     jgsa vkSj cksMZ ns[krs gq,s vkSj jkLrs esa [kM+s xkbZM ls iqNrs gq,s
ehd+kr vkus ds igys gh tgkt+ dk veyk vki dks [k+cj dj nsxkA                 fgUnqLrku ds cl vM~Ms ij igaqWpsaA bl dkmaWVj ij t+:fj;kr ls
fed+kr vkus ij mejk dh fu;r bl rjg djsa %                                   Q+kfjx+ gksus] ot+q djus vkSj uekt+ i<+us dh lgwyrsa eqg;~;k gSaA bl
                                                                            fy, t+:fj;kr ls Q+kfjx+ gksdj ot+q cuk dj uekt+ i<+ ysaA tks
                                                                            lkeku vki ls takWp ds ckn ys fy;k x;k Fkk d+qyh mls ;gakW igqaWpk
rtZqek % ,s vYykg! esa mejk dh fu;r djrk gqaW@djrh gqaW A bls rq            nsrs gSaA vc viuk lkeku igpku dj ,d txg tek dj ysa vkSj
esjs fy, vklku dj vkSj d+cqy Q+ekZA                                         viuk ikLiksVZ dkmaVj ij fn[kk;saA
       fu;r ds ckn enZ cqyan vkokt+ esa vkSj [k+okrhu /kheh                          ¼uksV% tks dqyh vki dk lkeku cl Msiks rd igqWapkus esa
vkokt+ esa rhu ckj rfYc;k i<+saA                                            vki dh enn djrs gS] mu dk fcYyk uEcj t+:j uksV dj ysaA½
                                                                                     ;gakW vki dks xzqi cuk dj eqvfYye ds gokys fd;k tk,xkA
       gkft+j gqaW esjs ekSyk vkids gqt+qj gkft+j gqaWA                     eqvfYye ,d cl esa ftrus yksx lokj gks ldrs gSa mrus yksxksa dks
                                                                            tek djsaxsA mu dk lkeku ,d Vjkyh ij ykn dj cl rd ys
                                                                            tk,saxsA vkSj cl esa lokj dj nsaxsA vki bl ckr dk [k+;ky j[ksa ds
       eSa gkft+j gqaW] vkidk dksbZ “kjhd ugha eSa gkft+j gqaWA             vki blh cl esa lokj gksa ftl esa vki dk lkeku yknk tk,sA cl
                                                                            esa lokj gksrs oD+r eqvfYye vki ls vki dk ikLiksVZ ys ysaxsA vkSj
       Lkkjh gEn o lrkbZ”k ds vki gh lt+kokj gSaA vkSj lkjh                 eDdk “kjhQ+ esa vki ds fjgkbZ”kxkg igqaWp dj vki dks vki dk
usv~ersa vki gh dh gSa vkSj lkjh dk;ukr esa gqdwer Hkh vki gh               fjgkbZ”kxkg dkMZ] viuk f”kuk[+rh dkMZ vkSj IykfLVd iêk gkFk esa
dh gSA                                                                      iguus ds fy,s nsaxsA
                                                                                     ,;jiksVZ vkSj cl esa gj txg rfYc;k dk ft+Ø tkjh j[ksaA
                                                                            tc cl eDdk “kjhQ+ dh gn esa nkf[k+y gks rks ;s nqvk i<+sa%
         vki dk dksbZ “kjhd o lghe ughaA
         fu;r djus vkSj rfYc;k i<+rs gh vki ij ,gjke dh lkjh                         ^^;k vYykg ;s vki dk vkSj vki ds jlwy (l-) dk gje
ikcanh;kaW vk,n gks xbZaA bl ds ckn vki ds fy, lc ls vQ+t+y                 gSA blesa tkuojksa dks Hkh veu gSA ,Sls eksgrje ed+ke dh cjdr
rLchg ft+Ø rfYc;k gh gSA                                                    ls vki esjs xks”r] [k+wu vkSj gìh;ksa dks vkx ij gjke dj ns vkSj
                                                                            eq>s vius oyh;ksa vkSj vrkvr xqt+kjksa esa “kkfey
         Tkks gokbZ tgkt+ gkth;ksa dks ys tkrs gS og bl ckr dk              Q+ekZA**
[k+;ky j[krs gSa ds eqlkfQ+jksa dks fed+kr dh [k+cj nsaA exj tks vke
¶+ykbV gSa ml esa bl ckr dk [k+;ky ugha j[kk tkrk fd fed+kr dh                  tc eDdk “kgj ij igyh ut+j iM+s rks ;s nqvk i<+saA
[k+cj djsaA bl fy, vxj vki Vwj ls vkSj vke ¶+ykbV ls tk jgs                     ;k vYykg esjs fy,s eDdk “kgj esa fBdkuk Q+ekZ ns vkSj gyky
gksa rks ,gfr;kr ds rkSj ij lQ+j ds nks ?kaVs ckn gh fu;r dj ds             jkst+h ns]
rfYc;k I<+ ysaA                                                                 ;k vYykg ge dks eDdk eqdjZek esa cdZr buk;r Q+ekZA
         ftn~nk igaqWp dj tgkt+ ls mrjus ds ckn ,d cl ds t+fj;s                 ;k vYykg bl “kgj ds esos gesa ulhc Q+ekZA
vki dks ,;jiksVZ dh bekjr esa ys tk;k tk,xkA ,;jiksVZ dh                        ;k vYykg vgys eDdk dks gekjh ut+jksa esa esgcqc cuk nsA
bekjr esa nkf[k+y gksus ds ckn vki dks rhu ejgyksa ls xq+t+juk gSA              ;k vYykg gesa Hkh vgys eDdk dh ut+jksa esa esgcwc cuk nsA
         igys ejgys esa vki dks ,d taxys ls f?kjs gq,s gkWy esa                      cl vki dks vki dh fjgkbZ”kxkg rd igqaWpk nsxhA d+qyh
:dk;k tk,xk vkSj vki ds ikLiksVZ ij nk[k+ys dh eqgj yxsxhA                  vki dk lkeku cl ls mrkj dj vki ds dejs rd igqaWpk nsaxsA
         nqljs ejgys esa vki dks cx+y ds nqljs gkWy esa tkdj viuk                                                   ¼ckdh ist ua-42 ij½
                                                                       43
                         [kkuk , dkck ds vanj Q’kZ erkQ ls 7 fQV Å¡pk gSA [kkuk , dkck dh dqy Å¡pkbZ 46 fQV] yEckbZ 42 fQV] vkSj Å¡pkbZ 38 fQV gSA grhe dk vk[kjh fljk [kkuk , dkck ls 21 fQV nwj
                         gSA
                         edkes bczkghe ,d iRFj gS ftl ij gt+jr bczkghe ds dneksa ds fu’kku gSaA ;g 8 bap Å¡pk] 14 bap pkSM+k] vkSj 15 bap yEck gS] vkSj [kkuk , dkck ls 46 fQV nwjh ij gSA bl dk jax ihyk
                         o yky ds njfe;ku lQsnh fy, gq, gSA
                         gTjs vLon [kuk , dkck ds e’jdh dksus ij t+ehu ls rdjhcu lOok pkj fQV dh Å¡pkbZ ij uLc gSA ;g fdlh gknls esa VwV x;k FkkA vc bl ds 8 VqdM+s ,d 7x10 bap ds dkys iRFj ij
                         tksM+ dj pkanh ds Ýse esa yxk fn;k gSA gt+jr bczkghe ¼vyS-½ ds t+ekus esa lQsn Fkk] vc yksxksa ds xqukgksa ls dkyk gks x;k gSA
     efLtns gje          t+e t+e dk dqaok¡ vx rg[kkuk esa gSA bl dh ikuh dh lrg t+ehu ls 12 fQV uhps gSA ikuh ds lwrs 40 fQV ij QwVs gSa vkSj dqaosa dh dqy xgjkbZ 100 fQV gSA dqaosa dk ngkuk ¼eqag½ 6 fQV
                         gSA t+e t+e dk dqaok¡ dkck ‘kjhQ ls 60 fQV dh nwjh ij gSA
      dh r¶lhy           eLftns gje dh rdhZ rkehj] eqrkQ vkSj rqdhZ rkehj dk jDck 290000 eqjCck fQV gSA
                         lÅnh nkSj dh efLtns gje dh ubZ bekjrA rg[kkuk ds lkFk dqy jDck 1310000 eqjCCk fQV vkSj t+ehu ls Nr dh Å¡pkbZ 30 fQV gSA
                         efLtns gje dk igyk eaft+yk vkSj Nr dh Å¡pkbZ 30 fQV vkSj jDck 420000 eqjCCk fQV gSA
                         efLtns gje dh NrA
                         efLtns gje dk rg[kkukA bl ds Nr dh Å¡pkbZ 12 fQV gSA
                         efLtns gje ds dqy ehukjksa dh dqy rknkn 9 gS vkSj Å¡pkbZ 293 fQV gSA
                         efLtns gje dk ckgjh lsgu dk dqy jDck 880000 eqjCck fQV gSA
                         dkck ‘kjhQ ls lQ+k 430 fQV nwj gSA ;g efLtns gje ds vanj exj ckgjh fdukjs ij gSA
                         yksxksa dh HkhM+ ds oDr efLtns gje vkSj lsgu esa 10 yk[k ls T+;knk uekt+h uekt+ Ik<+ ldrs gSaA
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ehukj




44
                                                                            [kkuk , dkck                                                                           gjh V~;wc ykbZV
            efLtns gje                                                 eqrkQ                  gTjs vLon                     edkes bczkghe
            dk njokt+k                                     ¼rokQ djus dh txg½                                                                                                                                  efLtns gje
     lsgu                                                                                                                             t+e t+e                                                                  dk njokt+k
                                                                                                                                      dk dqaok¡


      t+ehu dh lrsg                                                                                                                                                                                           t+ehu dh lrsg
                                        [kuk&,&dkck vkSj eqrkQ dh r¶lhy
                                                                     gjs jax dh V~;wc ykbZV vkSj gTjs vLon dh lh/kA
                        edkes bczkghe                  eqrkQ+        bl txg ls vki rokQ+
                                                ¼rokQ djus dh tgx½   ‘kq: djsaxs vkSj [kRe djsaxsA
            gTjs vLon                                                    efLtns gje dh iqjkuh bekjr
                                                                                  ¼rqdhZ rv~ehj½
      [kkuk , dkck
                                                                                           gjs jax dh V~;wc ykbZV




45
     grhe




                                                 rokQ
                                                      dh
                                                         flE
                                                            r
                                         mejk dSls djsa \
EfLtns gjke esa nk[+yk %                                                 nqvk ds ctk,s vki rdchj “kjhQ+ Hkh i<+ ldrs gSaA

         dkck “kjhQ+ ds pkjksa rjQ+ tks vt+heq””kku bekjr cuh
gqbZ gS] bl dks efLtns gjke dgrs gSaA blesa lkS ls T+;knk njokt+s
gSaA gqt+qj (l-) dk ?kj ejok ls “kqeky ef”jd+ dh flEr Fkk vkSj           rtqZek % vYykg lc ls cM+k gS] vYykg lc ls cM+k gS] ugha dksbZ
gqt+qj (l-) ckcqLlyke tks ds lQ+k vkSj ejok ds chp gS vDlj               ev~cwn flok; vYykg ds] vkSj vYykg lc ls cM+k gS] vYykg
blh njokt+s ls efLtns gjke esa nkf[k+y gqvk djrs FksA bl fy,             lc ls cM+k gS vkSj reke rv~jhQsa flQ+Z vYykg ds fy,s gSaA
vxj eqfEdu gks rks ckcqLlyke ls nkf[k+y gksa ojuk fdlh Hkh                       bl ds ckn n:n “kjhQ+ i<+h;s fQj fny Hkj dj nqvk,sa
njokts ls nkf[k+y gks ldrs gSaA efLtn esa nkf[k+y gksrs oD+r ;s          ekaxh;sA ;s x+uh dk njckj gSA ekaxus okyk ekaxrs ekaxrs Fkd
i<+saA                                                                   tk,sxkA exj nsus okyk nsrs nsrs uk FkdsxkA vius fy,s] vius eakW
                                                                         cki ds fy, ] vius fj”rsnkjksa ds fy,s] nksLr vgckc ds fy,s]
rtZqek % vYykg dk uke ysdj nkf[k+y gksrk gqaW vkSj                       mEers eqfLyek ds fy,s] vius eqYd ds fy,s] gj ,d ds fy,s
jlwyvYykg (l-) ij n:n o lyke Hkstrk gaqWA                                lqdwu ls jks jks dj nqvk ekaxsaA

      fQj nkfguk iSj efLtns gje esa nkf[k+y djrs gq,s i<+saA                     mejk ds nks Q+jkbt+ esa ls ,d Q+t+Z vki ,gjke igu dj
                                                                         iqjk dj pqds] vc nqljk Q+t+Z (rokQ+) vnk djuk gSA rokQ+
                                                                         fgTjs vLon ls “kq: gksxk fgTjs vLon ij gh [k+Re gksxkA fgTjs
rtZqek % ,s esjs jc esjs xqukg c[+”k fnth;s vkSj esjs fy, viuh           vLon dkck “kjhQ+ ds e”jhd+h dksus ij yxk gqvk ,d tUur dk
jger ds njokt+s [kksy fnth;sA                                            iRFkj gSA ftl ds pkjksa rjQ+ pakWnh dk Ýse cuk gqvk gSA rokQ+
                                                                         fgTjs vLon dks Nq dj vkSj ckslk nsdj “kq: djuk gksrk gSA
igyh ut+j vkSj nqvk %                                                    exj yksxksa ds gqtwe dh otg ls ;s uk eqfEdu gSA bl fy, ge
                                                                         eqfEdu vkSj vklku rjhd+s ls mejk djus dk rjhd+k c;ku
        dkck “kjhQ+ ij igyh ckj tc vki dh ut+j iM+sxh rks                djsaxsA
iyd >idus ls igys vki tks Hkh nqvk ekaxsaxs] vYykg rvkyk                        rokQ fgTjs vLon dks ut+nhd ls ;k nwj ls ckslk ys dj
mls d+cqy Q+ekZ,saxsA bl fy,s ;s yEgk cgqr vge gS bl yEgk ls             “kq: fd;k tkrk gSA exj gTjs vLon dh lh/k dk vankt+ djus
T+;knk ls T+;knk Q+St+;kc gksus ds fy,s igys ls gh rS;kjh dj ysaA        ds fy, ef”jd dh rjQ eqrkQ esa nhokj ij vkSj vrjkQ dh
efLtns gjke esa nkf[k+y gksrs oD+r uhph ut+jsa j[ksaA fQj d+jhc          efLtns gje esa Nr (Terrace) ij [kEcksa ij gjs jax dh V;qc
nks lkS d+ne vkxs c<+rs tk,saA bl nkSjku vki dks nks ckj                 ykbZV yxk nh xbZ gSA bUgh fu”kku ls vki fgTjs vLon dh lh/k
lhf<+;akW mrjuh gksxhA tc vki lsgu esa igqaWpsa rks jkLrs ls ,d          dk vankt+k yxk ldrs gSaA vki dk rokQ+ blh fu”kku ls “kq:
rjQ+ gV dj [kM+s gks tk,sa vkSj ut+jsa mBk dj [k+qnk ds ml ?kj           gksxk vkSj bUgha ij [k+Re gksxkA
dks ns[ksa ftldh rjQ+ :[k+ djds vki lkjh mej ltns djrs                             igyh ut+j dh nqvk ds ckn vki fgTjs vLon dh lh/k esa
jgsA [k+kuk dkck ij ut+j tek nsa cx+Sj iyd >ids ;s nqvk i<+saA           vktk,saA ogakW igqaWpus ds fy, vki yksxksa ds eq[k+kfyQ+ flEr pyus
^^;k vYykg bl ds ckn eSa tks Hkh [k+Sj dh nqvk ekaxqWa d+cqy             ds ctk,s rokQ+ djus okyksa esa “kkfey gks tk,sa vkSj bu ds lkFk
Q+ekZ**A                                                                 pyrs pyrs gTjs vLon vkSj gjh V~;wc ykbV ds njfe;ku esa
bl ds ckn rhu ejrck ;s nqvk i<+saA                                       igqaWpasA

rtZqek % vYykg lc ls cM+k gS] ugha dksbZ ev~cwn flok;
                                                                         jey %
vYykg dsA                                                                    ,d rokQ+ iqjk djus ds fy, [k+kuk , dkck ds fxnZ lkr
                                                                         pDdj yxkus gksrs gSa vkSj nks jdv~r uekt+ okftcqRrokQ+ i<+uk
                                                                    46
gksrk gSA mejk ds rokQ+ vkSj gt ds rokQ+s ft+;kjr esa igys rhu            xks;k vki fgTjs vLon dks Nwus dh dksf”k”k dj jgs gSaA fQj mls
pDdjksa esa enksZa dks igyokuksa dh rjg “kku ls vdM+ dj] NksVs            pqe ysaA ;s vey fgTjs vLon dks ckslk nsus ds cjkcj gSA vkSj
NksVs dne j[k dj rst+h ls pyuk gksrk gSA bls jey dgrs gSaA                bls bLrsyke dgrs gSaA bLrsyke ds ckn vki rokQ+ djus dh
vkSj jey djrs oD+r lh/kk gkFk dk dka/kk [kqyk j[krs gSa] bls              flEr ?kqe tk,sa vkSj rokQ+ “kq: djsaA
bT+rck dgrs gSaA bT+rck ds fy, ,gjke dk ,d fljk nkfgus gkFk                                              gjs jax dh V;wc ykbZV
ds cx+y ls fudy dj ck,sa gkFk ds dka/ks ij Mky ysrs gSaA uQ+yh
rokQ+ esa uk jey gksrk gS uk bT+rckA                                                                                        gTjs vLon


rokQ+ dk igyk pDdj %
          yksxksa ds gqtwe ds lkFk tc vki rokQ+ djrs djrs
fgTjs vLon rd igqaWpsa rks gTjs vLon vkSj gjh V;wc ykbV dh
lh/k vkSj njfe;ku ls vk/kk fQV igys :d tk,saA vkSj gTjs
vLon dh rjQ :[k dj ds rokQ dh fu;r bl rjg djsaA

                                                                          rdchj i<+us ds ckn gkFk NksM+ nsaA vxj gTjs vLon ikl gks rks mls pwe ysa
                                                                          vkSj vxj nwj gks rks gTjs vLon dh rjQ gkFk QSyk djA mls pwe ysa vkSj
                                                                          rokQ “kq: djsaA
rtqZek % ,s vYykg! esa vki ds bl gqeZr okys ?kj dk rokQ+ vki              dkck “kjhQ+ ds pkj dksus gSaA rokQ+ djrs gq,s igys dksus ls tgk¡
dh jt+k vkSj [k+q”uwnh ds fy, dj jgk gqaW] vki bl dks esjs fy,s           fgTjs vLon yxk gqvk gS rhljs dksus rd rhljk dYek i<+saA
vklku djsa vkSj d+cqy Q+ekZ,saA
       fu;r djus ds ckn vki nkfguh rjQ+ bruk gVsa ds fgTjs
vLon vkSj gjh V;wc ykbV ds fcYdqy njfe;ku lh/k esa vk
tk,saA bl ds ckn eqantkZt+Sy rdchj i<+rs gq,s dkuksa rd bl
rjg gkFk mBk,sa ftl rjg uekt+ esa mBkrs gSaA                              rtqZek % vYykg rvkyk ikd gSaA lc rkjhQ+sa vYykg gh ds fy,s
                                                                          gSa vYykg ds flok dksbZ bcknr ds yk;d+ ughaA vYykg rvkyk
                            gjs jax dh V;wc ykbZV                         lc ls cM+s gSa vkSj xqukgksa ls cpus dh rkd+r vkSj bcknr dh
                                                                          rjQ+ jkfx+c gksus dh dq+Oor vYykg gh dh rjQ+ ls feyrh gSA
                                               gTjs vLon
                                                                                dkck “kjhQ+ ds rhljs dksus ls ftls :dqu ;ekuh dgrs gSaA
                                                                          fQj fgTjs vLon rd ;s nqvk i<+saA



                                                                          rtqZek % ,s gekjs jc! ges nqfu;k esa Hkh HkykbZ vrk Q+ekZ vkSj
                                                                          vk[k+jr esa HkhA vkSj gedks nkst+[k+ ds vt+kc ls cpk ysA
gTjs vLon vkSj gjh V;wc ykbZV dh lh/k ls vk/kk fQV igys gTjs vLon                :dqu ;ekuh vkSj fgTjs vLon ds nfeZ;ku lRrj gt+kj
dh rjQ :[k djds fu;r djsa] fQj gTjs vLon ds fcYdqy lkeus vk dj            Qfj”rs rokQ+ djus okyksa dh nqvk ij vkehu dgrs gSaA bl fy,
vkSj gTjs vLon dh rjQ :[k djds dkuksa rd gkFk mBk dj rdchj dgsaA          bl nqvk dks tks ds d+qvkZu “kjhQ+ dh ,d vk;r Hkh gS i<+uk
                                                                          T+;knk csgrj gSA
rtqZek % “kq: djrk gqaW vYykg ds uke lsA vYykg lc ls cM+k gS                   mij tks rokQ+ dh nks nqvk,sa crkbZ xgZ gSa ;s rokQ+ ds
vkSj lc rkjhQ+sa vYykg gh ds fy,s gSaA                                    vklku ft+Ø gSaA vki dks gt dh fdrkcksa esa gj rokQ+ ds fy,
       rdchj dgus ds ckn gkFk NksM+ nsa fQj fgTjs vLon dh                 vyx vyx vkSj cM+h cM+h nqvk,sa feysaxhA vki mUgsa Hkh i<+
flEr esa nksuksa gFksfy;k¡ dka/kksa dh m¡pkbZ rd bl rjg QSyk,sa ds        ldrs gSaA exj tks Hkh i<+sa le> dj vkSj cx+Sj fdrkc esa ns[ks
                                                                     47
i<+saA nqvk ogh vlj djrh gS tks le> dj fny ls dh tk,sA                   vktk,saA bl rjQ+ [k+kuk , dkck dk njokt+k Hkh gSA fQj rokQ+
rokQ+ djrs djrs fdrkc ns[k dj nqvk i<+us ls nqljksa dks                  djus okyksa ds fy,s txg NksM+ dj nks jdv~r uekt+
rdyhQ+ gksrh gSA                                                         okftcqŸkokQ+ dh fu;r ls i<+saA bruk vey djus ls vki dk
                                                                         rokQ+ iqjk gqvkA vkSj mejk dk nqljk Q+tZ+ HkhA
       rokQ+ djrs gq,s dkck “kjhQ+ dh rjQ+ eq¡g djuk ed:g
gSA vkSj ihB djuk ed:gs rgjheh gS tks ds gjke ds ntkZ esa
vkrk gSA bl fy, rokQ+ djrs gq,s lh/ks pysa vkSj fuxkgsa pyus
                                                                         t+et+e dk ikuh ihuk %
dh txg ij j[ksaA                                                               nks jdv~r okftcqŸkokQ+ uekt+ i<+dj vki [k+qc lsj
                                                                         gksdj ikuh ih;saA ikuh [kM+s gksdj fd+Cyk :[k+ gksdj fcfLeYykg
rokQ+ dk nqljk pDdj %                                                    i<+ dj ihft;s vkSj ikuh ihus ds ckn ;s nqvk i<+saA
        :dqu ;ekuh ls nqvk i<+rs gq, tc vki fgTjs vLon
vkSj gjh V;wc ykbV dh lh/k esa dkyh iêh ij igq¡psa rks fgTjs             rtqZek % ^^,s vYykg! eq>s uQ+k okyk bYe ns] fjT+d+ esa oLvr
vLon dh rjQ+ cx+Sj lhuk ?kqek, flQ+Z psgjk ?kqek,saA vkSj gkFk           vkSj Q+jk[k+h ns vkSj gj chekjh ls f“kQ+k vrk Q+ekZ**
dh gFksfy;ksa dks fgTjs vLon dh rjQ+ fn[kkdj rdchj dgrs
gq,s pqe ysaA                                                                  gt+jr tkfcj (jt+h-) ls fjok;r gS ds & vkcs t+e t+e
                                                                         bl ds fy, gS ftl ds fy, ml dks fi;k tk,sA (bCu ektk)
                            gjs jax dh V;wc ykbZV
                                                                               ;kuh ihus okyk ftl fu;r ls Hkh ihrk gS vYykg rvkyk
                                               gTjs vLon                 mldh og fu;r iqjh Q+ekZrs gSaA
                                                                               t+e t+e dk ikuh ihus ds ckn fQj fgTjs vLon vkSj gjh
                                                                         V;wc ykbV ds njfe;ku vkSj lh/k esa vk tk,sa vkSj ,d ckj
                                                                         fQj fgTjs vLon dk rdchj dgrs gq,s bLrsyke fdth;sA ;s vki
                                                                         dk uok¡ bLrsyke FkkA bLrsyke ds ckn vki gjh V;wV ykbV dh
                                                                         rjQ vkSj [k+kuk , dkck ls nwj pyrs pyrs tk,sa] bl rjg vki
                                                                         lQ+k ij igq¡p tk,saxsA

nwljs ls vk[kjh pDdj rd flQZ psgjs dk :[k gTjs vLon dh rjQ djsa
                                                                         lQ+k vkSj ejok dh lbZ %
vkSj gkFk gTjs vLon dh rjQ QSyk dj pwe ysaA iwjh rjg [kkuk , dkck               lQ+k vkSj ejok igys nks igkM+h;k¡ FkhaA vc flQ+Z FkksM+h lh
dh rjQ :[k uk djsaA                                                      m¡pkbZ gSA gqdwer us lQ+k] ejok vkSj lbZ dh lkjh txgksa dks
rdchj %                                                                  gje dh bekjr esa “kkfey dj fy;k gSA igys lQ+k vkSj ejok ds
fgTjs vLon dh rjQ+ lhuk vkSj :[k+ dj ds flQ+Z igys rokQ+                 chp ckt+kj gqvk djrk Fkk vkSj gkth /kwi vkSj ckt+kj dh HkhM+
ds “kq: esa fu;r] rdchj vkSj bLrsyke fd;k tkrk gSA bl ds                 HkkM+ esa lbZ djrs FksA vc lkjh bekjr ,;j daMh”kaM gSA vkSj
ckn gj pDdj ds “kq: esa flQ+Z psgjk vkSj gkFk fgTjs vLon dh              Q+”kZ ij laxs ejej yxk gqvk gSA
rjQ djuk gSA vki dk lhuk vkSj :[k+ rokQ djus dh flEr
gh gksxkA                                                                      lQ+k ij igqaWp dj [k+kuk dkck dh rjQ+ :[k+ djds lbZ
                                                                         dh fu;r bl rjg djsaA
     bLrsyke ds ckn igys dh rjg :dqu ;ekuh rd rhljk
dYek i<+h;s vkSj :dqu ;ekuh ls fgTjs vLon ds nfeZ;ku nqvkA
blh rjg lkrksa pDdj iqjs dhft,A
       gkFk esa lkr nkuksa okyh rLchg j[kh;s vkSj gj pDdj ij             rtqZek % ,s vYykg! eSa lQ+k vkSj ejok ds nfeZ;ku lkr pDdjksa
,d nkuk de djrs jgh;s vkSj pDdjksa dk “kqekj djrs jgh;sA                 ls lbZ djuk pkgrk gqaW] egt+ rsjh t+krs cqt+qxZ dh jt+k ds fy,]
lkrok¡ pDdj iqjk gksus ij fgTjs vLon dk rdchj i<+rs gq,s                 cl esjs fy, lbZ djuk vklku Q+ekZ vkSj dq+cwy Q+ekZA
bLrsyke fdth;sA (;s vki dk vkBok¡ bLrsyke Fkk) vkSj nkghuk                    fu;r djrs oD+r gkFk nqvk dh rjg mBk,saA uekt+ dh
dka/kk tks vc rd [kqyk Fkk <k¡i ysa vkSj eqd+ke bczkghe ds ihNs          rdchj dh rjg uk mBk,saA
                                                                    48
                                                                      (vyS-) tks ds [k+kuk dkck “kjhQ+ ds ikl Fks ut+jksa ls vks>y gks
                                                                      tkrs FksA mudh ;s lqUur vkt Hkh vnk dh tkrh gSA gqdwer us
                                                                      nks gjs jax ds lqrwu vkSj V;qc ykbZV fu”kku ds rkSj ij yxk fn;s
                                                                      gSa bUgsa feyhu v[k+t+jhu dgrs gSaA bu ds nfeZ;ku enksZa dks gYds
                                                                      ls nkSM+uk gksrk gSA vkSjrsa viuh jQ+rkj ls gh pysaxhA
                                                                                lQ+k ls py dj ejok rd igq¡puk ;g ,d dk ,d
                                                                      pDdj gqvkA fQj ejok ls py dj lQk rd igq¡puk ;g nwljh
                                                                      lbZ dk nwljk pDdj gqvkA bl rjg vki lbZ ds lkr pDdj
                                                                      iwjs djsaxsA vkSj lkroha lbZ vki dh ejok ij [k+Re gksxhA
                                                                                lbZ djus dh txg cgqr egnwn gS bl fy, gt ds [kkl
                                                                      fnuksa esa ;gk¡ yksxksa dk t+cjnLr gqtwe gksrk gSA vkSj rokQ ls
                                                                      T+;knk oDr lbZ esa yxrk gSA ,Slh gkyr esa vxj igys eaft++ys ;k
                                                                      Nr ij lbZ djsa rks cgqr vklkuh gksxhA
                                                                                LkbZ iwjh dj ds nks jdv~r uekt+ “kqØkus dh i<+uk
       eDdk “kjhQ+ esa ianzg eqd+ke ,Sls gSa tgk¡ nqvk,sa t+:j        eqLrgc gS] okftc ;k t+:jh ugha gSA
d+qcwy gksrh gSaA                                                               nks jdv~r uekt+ i<+ dj ejok dh rjQ+ ds njokt+s ls
(1) eqrkQ+ (tgk¡ rokQ+ fd;k tkrk gSa)
                                                                      ckgj fudy tk,saA vc vki dks mejk dk vk[k+jh :dqu vnk
(2) eqYrft+e ([k+kuk , dkck dh pkS[kV)
                                                                      djuk gS] og gS lj ds cky drjokuk ;k eqaMokukA ejok ds
(3) eht+kcs jger ds uhps ([k+kuk dkck dh Nr dk ijukyk)
                                                                      ckgj ntZuksa gtkeksa dh nqdkusa gSaA fdlh Hkh nqdku esa tkdj lj
(4) grhe
                                                                      eqaMok nhft,sA vkSjrsa vius pkSFkkbZ lj dk ,d bap cky dkVsaA
(5) [k+kuk , dkck ds vanj
                                                                      og yksx tks mejk ds lkjs vjdku iwjs dj pqds gSa vkSj flQZ
(6) t+e t+e ds dq,sa ds d+jhc
                                                                      cky dkVuk ckdh gS] og vius [kqn ds Hkh cky dkV ldrs gSa]
(7) eqd+kes bczkghe ds ihNs
                                                                      vkSj vius tSls nwljs yksxksa ds Hkh cky dkV ldrs gSaA ftu dk
(8) lQ+k
                                                                      flQZ cky dkVus dk flQZ vk[kjh :du ckdh gS] vkSjrksa dk
(9) ejok
                                                                      flQZ vius “kkSgj vkSj egje enZ ¼ftu ls fdlh Hkh lwjr esa
(10) lQ+k vkSj ejok ds nfeZ;ku lbZ dh txg [k+qlwlu nksuksa
                                                                      fudkg ugha gksldrk½ ls cky dVokuk tkbt+ gSA x+Sj egje ls
       lCt+ lrquksa ds nfeZ;ku                                        cky dVokus ij xqukg gksxkA
(11) vjQ+kr                                                                     lj eaqMkrs gh ,gjke dh lkjh ikcanh;k¡ vki ij ls [k+Re
(12) eqT+nYQ+k                                                        gks xbZaA vkSj vYgEnqfyYykg vki dk mejk iqjk gqvkA vc ?kj
(13) feuk esa NksVs vkSj njfe;kuh “kSrku ds ut+nhd                    tkdj ugk /kksdj vius jkst+ ejZkg ds diM+s igu yhft,sA
(14) fgTjs vLon vkSj :dqu ;ekuh ds nfeZ;ku                                      tks yksx eDdk “kjhQ+ ds jgus okys gSa mu ds fy, gje esa
(15) fgTjs vLon ds d+jhc                                              ufQ+y uekt+ i<+uk csgrj bcknr gSA exj tks eDdk “kjhQ+ ls
       lQ+k] ejok vkSj lbZ dh txgsa og eqd+ke gSa tgk¡ nqvk           nwj jgrs gSa mu ds fy, gje esa ufQ+y rokQ+] ufQ+y uekt+ ls
t+:j d+qcwy gksrh gS bl fy, lbZ ds nkSjku vkSj lbZ iqjh dj ds         T+;knk vQ+t+y gS D;ksa ds ufQ+y uekt+ os vius oru tkdj Hkh
tc Hkh vki lQ+k vkSj ejok ij :dsa rks [k+wc nqvk,sa ekaxsaA           i<+ ldrs gSa exj rokQ+ dk ekSd+k vkSj dgha ugha feysxkA bl
       LQ+k vkSj ejok ij tc Hkh :dsa rks rhu ckj pkSFkk dYek          fy, tc rd eDdk eqdjZek esa gSa] T+;knk ls T+;knk rokQ+ djus
vkSj ,d ckj rhljk dYek i<+sa vkSj lbZ ds nkSjku T+;knk pkSFks         dh dksf”k”k djsa] vkSj lkjh uekt+ gje “kjhQ+ esa cktekvr
dYes dk fonZ djsaA ;s vklku bcknr dk rjhd+k gSA oSls lQ+k             vnk djsaA gje “kjhQ+ ds ,srjkQ+ esa cgqr lkjh efLtnsa gSaA yksx
ejok dh lkrksa lbZ dh vyx vyx nqvk,sa gSaA ftUgsa vki gt dh           lgqyr ds fy, ogha ;k fjgkbZ”kxkg esa tekvr cuk dj uekt+
fdrkc ls ns[k dj ;kn dj ldrs gSa vkSj i<+ ldrs gSaA                   i<+ ysrs gSaA exj ,d usdh dk ,d yk[k xquk lokc flQ+Z gje
                                                                      dh efLtn esa gS] vrjkQ+ dh elkftn esa ughaA
       gt+jr gktjk (jth-) lQ+k vkSj ejok ds nfeZ;ku tks
oknh Fkh ogk¡ ls nkSM+ dj xqt+jrh Fkha D;ksa fd gt+jr bLekbZy
                                                                 49
50
     10 rkjh[k ds fnu feuk esa
      jeh tqekj vkSj dqckZuhA
        flQZ cM+s ‘kSrku dks
         dadjh ekjuk gSA
                                                         vklku gt
         8 ft+fYgTtk ls 13 ft+fYgTtk tks ds gt ds [k+kl N% fnu            lkjh gEn o lrkbZ”k ds vki gh lt+kokj gSaA vkSj lkjh usv~ersa
gSa mUgsa vki bl rjg ls xqt+kjsaA                                         vki gh dh gSa vkSj lkjh dkbZukr esa gqdwer Hkh vki gh dh gSA
                                                                           vki dk dksbZ “kjhd o lghe ughaA
8 ft+fYgTtk                                                                      rfYc;k ,d ckj i<+uk QtZ+ gS vkSj rhu ckj i<+uk
       bLykeh dSysaMj ds eqrkfcd+ fdlh Hkh fnu dk lwjt Mwcrs              lqUur gSA rfYc;k i<+rs gh vki egje gks x,s vkSj ,gjke dh
gh igys jkr “kq: gksrh gS] fQj fnu vkrk gSA lkr ft+fYgTtk dk              lkjh ikcanh;k¡ vki ij ykft+e gks xbZA
fnu xqt+jus vkSj lwjt Mwcus ds ckn 8 rkjh[k+ dh jkr “kq:                         eq[+rlj lk lkeku ysdj cl es lokjh dh nqvk i<+rs
gksxhA eqvfYye ds vkneh vDlj vki dks bl jkr esa feuk                      gq,s lokj gks tk,saA cl vki dks vki ds [k+sek rd igq¡pk nsxhA
igq¡pk nsrs gSaA eqvfYye ls jokuxh ds ckjs esa irk dj ysa vkSj                   feuk esa vki dks ik¡p oD+r dh uekt+ i<+uh gSA t+ksgj]
jokuxh ds fy, rS;kj jgsaA                                                 vLj] ex+fjc] b”kk vkSj nqljs fnu Q+ftjA
       jokuxh ls igys x+Sj t+:jh cky lkQ+ dj ysaA ugk /kksdj
,gjke igu ysaA vxj vki ds ikl oDr gS rks 8 ft+fYgTtk dks
,gjke cka/k dj efLtns gjke tk,saA vkSj rokQs rfg¸;k djsaA
                                                                          9 ft+fYgTtk
¼;g rokQ Qt+Z ;k okftc ugha gSA½ vxj vki flQZ rokQ djsa                         9 ft+fYgTtk dks Q+ftj dh uekt+ ls gh rdchj r”jhd+
rks bl esa uk jey vkSj uk bT+rck djsaA ysfdu vxj vki ds                   i<+uk “kq: gks tk,sxh vkSj uekt+ ds ckn vki dks vjQ+kr ds
lkFk det+ksj vkSj cw<+s vkSj vkSjrsa gSa] vkSj 10 oha ft+fYgTtk ds        fy, jokuk gksuk gSA
fnu yksxksa dh HkhM+ dh otg ls vki lbZ igys djuk pkgrs gSa rks            rdchj r”jhd+ bl rjg gS %
bl dh Hkh btkt+r gSA bl lwjr esa rokQs rfg¸;k ds ckn lbZ
djsa vkSj rokQ esa Hkh “kq: ds rhu pDdjksa esa jey vkSj bT+rck
djsaA bl rjg rokQ vkSj lbZ dj ysus ls rokQs ft+;kjr ds
ckn vki dks lbZ ugha djuh iM+sxh] vkSj uk bl rokQ esa jey                 rtqZek % vYykg lc ls cM+k gS] vYykg lc ls cM+k gS] ugha dksbZ
vkSj bT+rck djuk gksxkA exj eT+cwr vkSj toku gt+jke dks                   ev~cwn flok; vYykg ds] vkSj vYykg lc ls cM+k gS] vYykg
rokQs ft+;kjr ds ckn lbZ djuk T+;knk csgrj gSA                            lc ls cM+k gS vkSj reke rkjhQ+sa flQ+Z vYykg ds fy, gSaA
       rokQs rfg¸;k ds ckn lj <k¡Ik dj nks jdv~rsa rokQs                         vjQ+kr esa vDlj [kkuk eqvfYye dh rjQ+ ls gksrk gSA
okftc i<saA fQj nks jdv~r ,gjke dh fu;r ls i<+sa] vkSj fQj                bl fy, vjQ+kr igq¡p dj lkjh fQ+Øsa NksM+ dj ;Dlw gksdj
lj [kksy dj gt dh fu;r ls bl rjg djsaA                                    bcknr esa e”x+wy gks tk,saA
                                                                                 vjQ+kr esa vki dks flQ+Z nks oD+r dh uekt+ i<+uh gSA
       rtqZek % ;k vYykg esa vkidh jt+k gkfly djus ds fy,                 t+ksgj vkSj vLjA vxj vki efLtn uejk ls ut+nhd gSa rks
gt dh fu;r dj jgk gqaW vki bls esjs fy, vklku Q+ekZ,sa vkSj               beke ds ihNs nksuksa uekt+sa feyk dj d+lj dj ds i<+saA vkSj vki
dq+cwy Q+ekZ,saA                                                          vxj efLtn ls nwj gSa rks vius [k+sek esa gh tekvr cuk dj
       fu;r dj ds rfYc;k i<+saA                                           t+ksgj ds oD+r t+ksgj vkSj vLj ds oD+r vLj i<+saA
                                                                                 oSls rks 9 ft+fYgTtk dk iwjk fnu gh v¶+t+y gSA exj
                                                                          vLj vkSj ex+fjc dk oD+r cgqr gh v¶+t+y gSA bl oD+r vki
gkft+j gq¡ esjs ekSyk vkids gqt+wj gkft+j gq¡A                            [kM+s gksdj [kqys vkleku ds fups nqvk,sa ek¡xsaA bl oD+r dks
                                                                          x+fuer tkusa vkSj jks jks dj viuh ex+fQ+jr dh nqvk djsaA
eSa gkft+j gq¡ vki dk dksbZ “kjhd ugha eSa gkft+j gq¡A                    gt+jr vkb”kk ¼jft+½ ls fjok;r gS ds jlwy vYykg ¼l½ us
                                                                          Qjek;k ^^vjQk ds jkst+ lc ls T+;knk vYykg rvkyk vius
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canksa dks vkx ls vkt+kn Qjekrk gSA ¼eqfLye½A d+;ker ds fnu                 ls feuk jokuxh ls igys eqvfYye ls uD+”kk ys ysa vkSj feuk esa
fQj ;gh eqd+ke gksxkA lwjt lok ust+s ij gksxkA vYykg rvkyk                  vius [k+sek ds d+jhc ds lrwu ij fy[ks gq,s uacj dks uksV dj ysaA
tyky ds vkye esa gksaxsA vkSj vki vius vkeky dk fglkc ns                    bl ls vki dks [k+sek ryk”k djus esa vklkuh gksxhA
jgs gksaxsA gks ldrk gS vki dks ml oD+r viuh Q+;kZn [k+qnk ds                      vkt vki dks eqantkZt+Sy pkj vge :du vnk djus gSaA
lkeus is”k djus dh btkt+r uk feysA                                                 (1) “kSrku dks dadjh ekjuk (jeh tekj) A
        lwjt x+q:c gksrs gh cx+Sj ex+fjc dh uekt+ i<+s vki dks                     (2) d+qckZuh djukA
eqT+nYQ+k dh rjQ+ jokuk gksuk gSA                                                  (3) lj eqaMkuk (gyd+ djkuk)
        eqT+nYQk igq¡p dj ex+fjc vkSj b”kk dh uekt+ ,d lkFk                        (4) rokQ+s ft+;kjr
tekvr ls i<+uk gSA nksuksa uekt+sa vyx vyx rdchj ls i<+h                           jeh tekj dk vQ+t+y oD+r lwjt fudyus ls ysdj
tk,saxhA exj vt+ku flQ+Z ,d ckj dgh tk,sxhA                                 t+ksgj rd gSA exj bl oD+r t+cjnLr HkhM+ gksrh gS vkSj tku
        uekt+ ls Q+kfjx+ gksdj gks lds rks jkr Hkj eqT+nYQ+k esa            tkus dk [k+rjk jgrk gSA bl fy, myek us x+q:c vkQ+rkc rd
bcknr fdth;sA                                                               dadjh ekjuk tkbt+ d+jkj fn;k gSA bl fy, cx+Sj tku dks [k+rjk
        vYykg rvkyk dqjvku “kjhQ esa Qjekrs gSa] ^^tc                       esa Mkys t+ksgj ds ckn gh “kSrku dks dadjh ekjus fudysaA vkt ds
vjQkr ls okil gksus yxks rks e”vk:y gjke ¼eqT+nYQk½ esa                     fnu flQ+Z cM+s “kSrku dks dadjh ekjuk gSA
[kqnk dk ft+Ø djks vkSj bl rjg djks ftl rjg ml us rqe dks                          cM+s “kSrku dks dadjh ekjrs oD+r vki dk :[k+ ,Slk gks fd
fl[kk;k vkSj bl ls igys rqe yksx bu rjhdksa ls egt+ uk                      eDdk eqdjZek vki ds ck,sa tkfuc gks vkSj feuk vki ds nk,sa
okfd+Q FksA ¼lwjg cdjk] vk;r 198½                                           tkfucA nqljs nks “kSrkuksa esa bl rjg dh ikcanh ugha gSA
        gkth gt+jkr tks bl jkr eqT+nYQk esa Bgjs gSa mu ds fy,                           vki dks lkr dadjh ekjuk gSA gj dadjh vyx
;g jkr “kcs dnz ls Hkh v¶+t+y gS bl fy, bl jkr dh vT+er                     vyx ekjuk gSA vkSj dadjh ekjrs oD+r ;s nqvk i<+uk gSA
dks le>rs gq, T+;knk ls T+;knk bcknr dh dksf”k”k djsaA
        lqcg vt+ku vkSj rdchj ds lkFk cktekvr uekt+ i<+sa
                                                                            rtqZek % eSa vYykg rvkyk ds uke ls “kq: djrk gq¡A vYykg lc
vkSj lwjt fudyus ls cl ik¡p ls nl feuV igys feuk ds fy,
                                                                            ls cM+k gSA ;s dadjh eSa “kSrku dks t+yhy djus vkSj vYykg
jokuk gks tk,sA
                                                                            rvkyk dks jkt+h djus ds fy, ekjrk gq¡A
        feuk vjQ+kr vkSj eqT+nYQ+k esa vki vkSj vkids [k+sek ds
                                                                                     jeh dh igyh dadjh ekjrs gh vki dk rfYc;k i<+uk can
yksx gh vt+ku nsdj tekvr ls uekt+ i<+ ysaA gqdwer ;k
                                                                            gks tk,sxkA
eqvfYye dh rjQ+ ls bl dk dksbZ barst+ke ugha gSA
                                                                                     Dadjh ekjus ds fy, iqy dk bLrseky djsa D;ksa ds iqy ij
        eqT+nYQ+k ls 49 ;k 70 dadjh jeh tekj ds fy, pqu ysaA
                                                                            txg dq”kknk gS] vkSj ?kqVu ugha gksrhA vkSj tc “kSrku ds
;s dadjh;k¡ eqT+nYQ+k ls pqUuk gh t+:jh ugha vkSj txg ls Hkh pqu
                                                                            ut+nhd igq¡psa rks nk,sa ;k ck,sa ls dqN vkxs fudy tk,sa vkSj fQj
ldrs gSa] exj eqT+nYQk ls pqUkuk v¶+t+y gSA dadfj;k¡ /kksuk
                                                                            iyV dj nqljh rjQ+ ls dadjh ekjsa D;ksa fd lkjs tks”khys yksx
t+:jh ugha gSA gk¡ vxj bu dh ukikdh dk “kd gks rks /kks ysaA
                                                                            “kSrku ds djhc igq¡prs gh lkeus ls gh dadjh ekjuk “kq: dj
        eqT+nYQ+k esa jkr ds d;ke ds fy, dksbZ [ksek ox+Sjk ugha gSA        nsrs gSa vkSj dkQ+h vQ+jk&rQ+jh djrs gSaA
jkr [kqys vkLeku ds uhps pVkbZ fcNk dj xqt+kjuh gSA oSls rks
txg txg eqT+nYQk esa VokbysV (toilet) gSa] fQj Hkh vki tgk¡
Bgjas] gks ldrk gS is”kkc] ik[k+kuk dk dkbZ barst+ke Hkh ogk¡ ls nwj
                                                                            dqckZuh %
gksA bl fy, vjQkr ds fnu vius [kkus ihus ij daVªksy j[ksa                           gj gkth dks viuh rjQ+ ls ,d d+qckZuh djuh gSA dq+ckZuh
vkSj dqN T+;knk ikuh Hkh lkFk j[ksaA                                        gqnwns gje esa djuk gS vksj 12 rkjh[k+ ds lwjt x+q:c gksus ls
                                                                            igys rd dj ldrs gSaA exj 10 rkjh[k+ dks djuk T+;knk
10 ftfYgTtk                                                                 vQ+t+y gSA gt ds nkSjku dqN x+yrh;ksa ij ne nsuk ykft+e gksrk
                                                                            gSA vxj vki ij ne ykft+e gS rks og Hkh mlh dq+ckZuh ds lkFk
      eqT+nYQ+k ls okil feuk vius [k+sek esa vktk,saA eqT+nYQ+k             dj nhft,A
ls feuk esa ,d fdyks feVj nwjh gSA exj T+;knk rj yksx jkLrk
                                                                                    cdjs ;k nqacs dh d+qckZuh flQ+Z ,d dq+ckZuh ds cjkcj gSA
Hkwy dj ?kaVksa viuk [k+sek ryk”k djrs jgrs gSaA bl fy, eDdk
                                                                            xk;] m¡V esa lkr fgLls gks ldrs gSaA bl fy, viuh vklkuh ds
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eqrkfcd+ cSad ds t+jh;k ;k [k+qn eqT+cg [k+kuk tkdj dq+ckZuh dj nsaA
                                                                            11 vkSj 12 ft+fYgTtk %
gyd+ %                                                                              rokQ+s ft+;kjr esa vki dks pkgs ftruk oD+r yx tk,s
      d+qckZuh ds ckn lj ds cky drjokuk ;k eqaMkuk gksrk gSA                exj jkr xqt+kjus vki dks feuk gh ykSV dj vkuk gSA eDdk
exj cky eqaMkuk T+;knk vQ+t+y gSA cky eqaMkrs gh ,gjke dh                   “kjhQ+ esa viuh d+;kexkg ij vki jkr ugha xqt+kj ldrsA
lkjh ikcanh;k¡ vki ij ls [k+Re gksxbZaA ysfdu choh rokQs                            11 vkSj 12 rkjh[k+ dks vki dks feuk esa :d dj ik¡pksa
ft+;kjr ds ckn gh gyky gksxhA vc vki ugk /kks dj ,gjke                      oD+r cktekvr uekt+ vnk djuh gS vkSj viuk T+;knk ls
mrkj dj vke diM+s igu fyth,A                                                T+;knk oD+r ft+Ø o vT+dkj esa yxkuk gSA vkSj rhu “kSrkuksa dks
                                                                            dadjh ekjuk gSA
rokQ+s ft+;kjr %                                                                    NksVs vkSj nfeZ;kuh “kSrku dks dadjh ekj dj fd+Cyk :[k+
       ,gjke mrkjus ds ckn vki dks [k+kuk , dkck dk rokQ+                   gksdj nqvk ek¡xsaA ;s og txgsa gSa tgk¡ nqvk t+:j dq+cwy gksrh gSA
vkSj lQ+k ejok dh lbZ djuk gSA rokQ+s ft+;kjr dk vQ+t+y                     cM+s “kSrku dks dadjh ekj dj nqvk uk ek¡xsaA
oDr 10 oha ft+fYgTtk gSA vxj 12 oha rkjh[k rd vkQrkc                                10]11]vkSj 12 rkjh[k dh dh jkr feuk esa xqt+kjuk
xq:c gksus ls igys dj fy;k tk, rks Hkh tkbt+ gSA vkSj vxj                   okftc gSA 12 osa fnu “kSrku dks rkjh[k+ dks dadjh ekj dj vki
12 oha rkjh[k xqt+j xbZ vkSj rokQs ft+;kjr ugha fd;k rks                    eDdk “kjhQ+ ds fy, jokuk gks ldrs gSaA 13 rkjh[k+ dks Hkh vxn
rk[khj dh otg ls ne okftc gksxkA vkSj rokQ dk Qt+Z Hkh                      vki feuk :d dj rhuksa “kSrkuksa dks iRFkj ekjrs gS rks ;g lokc
ckdh jgsxkA                                                                 dk dke gSA vkSj ugha :ds rks dksbZ xqukg ughaA vxj flQ+Z 12
       bl rokQ ds igys rhu pDdjksa esa jey Hkh gSA gk¡ ,gjke                rkjh[k+ rd dadjh;k¡ ekjuk gksa rks 49 dadjh;ksa dh t+:jr gksrh
dh pknjsa ftLe ij uk gksus dh otg ls vT+rck ugha gSA                        gSSA ysfdu vxj 13 rkjh[k dks Hkh :duk iMk rks et+hn 21
                                                                            dadjh;ksa dh t+:jr gksrh gSA bl fy, eqT+nYQ+k ls 70 ;k vkSj
       vxj vki us 8 ft+fYgTtk dks ,gjke cka/kus ds ckn
                                                                            dqN T+;knk dadjh;k¡ pqu ysuk pkfg;sA
ufQy rokQ fd;k gS ftl esa jey] bT+rck vkSj lbZ dj yh gS
rks fQj rokQs ft+;kjr esa nksckjk lbZ dh t+:jr ugha gS vkSj                         bl rjg vYykg rvkyk ds dje vkSj Q+T+y ls vki ds
vki dk rokQ Hkh cxSj jey gksxkA D;qa fd ftl rokQ ds ckn                     gt ds lkjs vjdku iqjs gq,sA eDdk eqdjZek esa flQ+Z ,d t+:jh
lbZ gksrh gS jey mlh esa fd;k tkrk gSA                                      vkSj okftc vey vki dk ckd+h jgk og gS rokQ+s fonkA
       “kSrku dks dadjh ekjuk] dqckZuh djuk] lj eqaMkuk vkSj                rokQ+s fonk %
rokQs ft+;kjr djuk ;g rjrhc lqUur gS vkSj t+:jh gSA vxj                            gt ds ckn tc eDdk eqdjZek ls oru ;k enhuk tkuk gks
;g :du vkxs ihNs gks x, rks guQ+h eLyd ds eqrkfcd ne                        rks :[+lrh dk rokQ+ ;k rokQ+s fonk fd;k tkrk gSA ;s gj ckgj
ykt+eh gksxkA                                                               jgus okys ^^vkQ+kd+h** ij okftc gSA
       gacyh eLyd ¼lÅnh myek½] vkSj beke x+t+kyh ¼jg-½                             eDdk eqdjZek ;k fed+kr dh gqnqn esa jgus okys vkSj flQ+Z
ds eqrkfcd vxj etcwjh esa vjdku vkxs ihNs gks x, rks ne                     mejk dh fu;r ls vkus okyksa ij ;s okftc ugha gSA
ykft+e ugha gksxkA ¼vg~;kmy mywe] mnwZ ftYn vOoy] ist 408½
                                                                                   rokQ+s fonk Hkh mlh rjg fd;k tkrk gS tSls mejk ;k gt
       vkSj gt+jr beke x+t+kyh ¼jg-½ ds eqrkfcd rokQs                       esa rokQ+ djrs gSaA rokQ+ ds ckn lbZ ugha gS vkSj uk rokQ+ esa
ft+;kjr ds oDr dh bCrsnk 10 oha “kc ds vk/ks gksus ds ckn ls                jey gSA
gSA vkSj bl dk csgrjhu oDr 10 oha rkjh[k gS vkSj vkf[kj dh
dksbZ gn ugha gS tc rd pkgs rk[khj dj nsA tc rd ;g rokQ                            rokQ+s fonk ds ckn vYykg rvkyk ls bl ?kj dh ckj
uk djsxk rc rd ,gjke dh dqN ikcanh yxh jgsxhA ;kuh choh                     ckj ft+;kjr dh rkSQ+hd+ nsus dh nqvk djsaA vius] vius
gyky uk gkxhA ¼vg~;kmy mywe] mnwZ ftYn vOoy] ist 408½                       fj”rsnkjksa vkSj mEers eqfLyek dh nksuksa tgk¡ esa dke;kch ds fy,
                                                                            nqvk djsaA vkSj vk¡lqvksa dk ut+jkuk is”k djrs gq,s vius oru
       gacyh eLyd ds eqrkfcd vxj fdlh otg ls lbZ 12                         okilh ds lQ+j ij jokuk gksaA
rkjh[k ds xq:cs vkQrkc tks ds vQt+y oDr gSA uk dj lds
rks ftfYgTtk eghus ds vkf[kj rd dj ldrs gSaA                                       rokQ+s fonk ds ckn vxj fdlh otg ls eDdk “kjhQ+ esa
                                                                            :duk gqvk rks vki vkSj ftruh ckj pkgsa rokQ+ dj ldrs gSa
                                                                            vkSj uekt+sa i<+ ldrs gSaA
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54
      njckjs fjlkyr esa gkt+jh dh Q+t+hyr
(1) cs”kd rqEgkjs ikl [k+qnk dk iSx+Ecj vk;k gS tks rqe gh esa        dh fu;r ls nqljh fdlh efLtn dh rjQ+ lQ+j djus dh
ls gSA ml ij og pht+sa fxjk¡ xqt+jrh gSa ftl ls rqe dks rdyhQ+        eekfuvr dh xbZ gSA os efLtnsa gSa %
igq¡psA og rqEgkjh HkykbZ dk gjhl gSA vkSj beku okyksa ij cM+k        (1) efLtn gjke (2) efLtn vD+lk (3) efLtn ucohA
“k¶+d+r djus okyk gSA (dq+vkZu “kjhQ+)                                         eqantkZckyk bckjrksa ls vki gqt+wj (l-) dh vT+er dk]
(2) dksbZ balku ml oD+r rd eksfeu ugha gks ldrk tc rd                 mu dk vki ls eksgCcr vkSj vki ij gd+ dk vankt+k dj ldrs
gqt+wj (l-) mls nqfu;k dh gj pht+ ls T+;knk egcqc uk gksaA            gSaA bl fy, vYykg rvkyk ds eqd+íl ?kj [k+kuk dkck ds nhnkj
(gnhl “kjhQ+)                                                         vkSj gt ds eqckjd Q+jht+k ls lqcDnks”k gksus ds ckn ft+Unxh dh
(3) ,d eksfeu ij ml dh tku ml dh tku ls T+;knk gd+                    tks nqljh lc ls cM+h vkSj vt+heq”kku lvknr vkSj rkSQ+hd+
gqt+wj (l-) dk gSA (gnhl “kjhQ+)                                      vYykg rvkyk us vki dks nh gS og efLtn ucoh gS vkSj
(4) jlwy vdje (l-) dk b”kZkn eqckjd gS fd ftl us Hkh                  ljojs dkbZukr ds jkSt+k , vd+nl dh ft+;kjr gSA vki (l-) us
esjh efLtn (efLtns ucoh) esa pkyhl uektsa vnk dj yha vkSj             Q+ekZ;k] ftl dks enhuk rd igq¡pus dh oqLvr gks vkSj og gt
dksbZ uekt+ Hkh d+t+k uk dh rks og fuQ+kd+ vkSj tgUue ds              dj ds cx+Sj esjh ft+;kjr fd;s ?kj ykSV tk,] ml us esjs lkFk
vt+kc ls futkr ik,sxkA                                                cM+h cs eqjOorh dhA
(5) ,d gnhl “kjhQ+ dk eQ+gqe gS fd vxj [k+qnk dks gqt+wj                       vki (l-) dk vkSj ,d b”kkZn gS fd ftl us esjh oQ+kr
(l-) dks iSnk djuk ed+lwn uk gksrk rks uk og ;s dkbZukr               ds ckn esjh ft+;kjr dh rks og ,Slk gS xks;k ml us esjh ft+Unxh
cukrk vkSj uk viuh jcqfc;r t+kfgj djrkA                               esa esjh ft+;kjr dhA
(6) vxj tc og viuh tkuksa ij t+qYe djsa fQj rqEgkjs                            bl fy, ;s vki dh fdruh cM+h [k+q”k fd+Lerh gS fd
gqtw+j gkft+j gksa vkSj vYykg ls ekQ+h pkgsa vkSj jlwy (l-)           pkyhl oD+r dh uekt+ i<+ dj vki fuQ+kd+ vkSj tgUue ls
mudh f”kQ+kvr Q+ekZ,sa rks t+:j vYykg dks cgqr dq+cwy djus            futkr ikrs gSa vkSj d+;ker esa gqt+wj (l-) dh f”kQ+kvr ds
okyk vkSj esgjcku ik,saxsA ¼lwjg fulk] vk;r 64½                       gd+nkj curs gSaA
(7) gnhl “kjhQ+ dh reke fdrkcksa esa efLtns ucoh dh                            bl fy, enhuk ds d+;ke dks x+uher tku dj cx+Sj dksbZ
uekt+ksa dh fnxj elkftn dh uekt+ksa ij iphl gt+kj xquk                uekt+ d+t+k fd;s pkyhl oD+r dh uekt+ t+:j i<+sa vkSj barsgkbZ
Q+t+hyr dh vgknhl vkbZ gSaA                                           vnc vkSj ,grjke ds lkFk gqt+wj (l-) vkSj vki ds vky vkSj
                                                                      vLgkc ij jkst+kuk nq:n o lyke is”k fd;k djsaA
(8) gnhl dh reke fdrkcksa esa rhu efLtnksa ds vykok lokc


                     njckjs fjlkyr dh igyh gkt+jh
(1) vPNh rjg ls ugk /kks dj u;k diM+k igu ysaA [k+q”cq                rtqZek % ,s esjs jc esjs xqukg c[+”k nhft, vkSj esjs fy, viuh
yxk ysa vkSj nq:n o lyke i<+rs gq,s efLtns ucoh dh rjQ+               jger ds njokt+s [kksy nhft,A
pysaA                                                                 (3) vxj tekvr dk oD+r uk gks rks nks jdv~r
(2) efLtn esa nkf[k+y gksrs oD+r ;s nqvk i<+sa %                      rgh;rqYefLtn i<+ ysaA vkSj vxj tekvr dk oDr gks rks igys
                                                                      tekvr ls uekt+ vnk dj ysaA
                                                                      (4) jkSt+k eqckjd] efLtn esa fd+Cyk dh rjQ( tquwc dh flEr
rtqZek % vYykg dk uke ysdj nkf[k+y gksrk gq¡ vkSj jlwy                gSA vkSj jkSt+k eqckjd dh ft+;kjr ds fy, vki dks ex+fjc dh
vYykg (l-) ij nq:n o lyke Hkstrk gq¡A vkSj nkfguk ik¡o                flEr ls njokt+k uacj ,d ckcqLlyke ls nkf[k+y gksuk gksxkA
efLtns gjke esa nkf[k+y djrs gq,s i<+sa %
                                                                      (5) barsgkbZ vnc ds lkFk vkfgLrk vkfgLrk nq:n o lyke
                                                                      i<+rs gq,s vkxs c<+saA ;s vnc dk eqd+ke gSA vkokt+ uhph j[ksa]
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fdlh ls x+Sj t+:jh ckr phr ls ijgst+ djsa vkSj iwjk /;ku nksuksa               vYykg dh jgersa vkSj cdZrsa gksaA
tgk¡ ds “kfga”kkg ds lkeus viuh gkt+jh ij j[ksaA                        (9) gt+jr vcqcØ flíhd+ (jt+h-) ij lyke i<+us ds ckn
(6) jkSt+k eqckjd ds lkeus rhu tkfy;k¡ gSaA exj vki (l-)]               ,d Q+qV nkghuh rjQ+ c<+sa vkSj rhljs lwjk[k+ ds lkeus :d
gt+jr vcqcØ flíhd+ (jt+h-) vkSj gt+jr mej Q+k:d+ (jth)]                 tk,saA bl lwjk[k+ ds lkeus gt+jr mej Q+k:d+ (jt+h-) dk psgjk
vki rhuksa gt+jkr nfeZ;kuh tkyh ds ihNs gh vkjke Q+ekZ gSaA             eqckjd gSA gt+jr mej Q+k:d+ (jt+h-) ij bl rjg lyke i<+saA
vius jkSt+k eqckjd esa gqt+wj (l-) dk d+ne ef”jd+ dh rjQ+]
lj exfjc dh rjQ vkSj psgjk vUoj dk :[k+ fd+Cyk dh rjQ+
gS (tquwc dh rjQ+)A tc vki jkSt+k eqckjd ds lkeus [kM+s gksaxs
rks vki dh ihB fd+Cyk dh rjQ+ gksxh vkSj vki dk :[k+ gqtw+j
(l-) dh psgjk vUoj dh rjQ+ gksxkA
       vki ds ihNs (”kqeky dh rjQ+) vkSj dka/kksa dh cjkcjh esa
gt+jr vcqcØ flíhd+ (jt+h-) vkjke Q+ekZ gSaA vkSj gt+jr
vcqcØ flíhd+ (jt+h-) ds ihNs (”kqeky dh rjQ+) vkSj dka/kksa dh
cjkcjh esa gt+jr mej Q+k:d+ (jt+h-) vkjke Q+ekZ gSaA                             vki ij lyke gks] ,s mej fcu vY[k+rkc (jth-)]
                                                                                 vki ij lyke gks] ,s eqlyekuksa ds vehj]
(7) nfeZ;kuh tkyh esa rhu xksy lwjk[k+ gSaA igys lwjk[k+ ds
                                                                                 vki ij lyke gks] ,s bLyke vkSj eqlyekuksa dh vkczq
lkeus vki (l-) dk psgjk vUoj gSA ;gk¡ igq¡p dj :d tk,sa                          c<+kus okys]
vkSj bl rjg lYkkr o lyke i<+saA                                                  vki ij lyke gks] ,s Q+d+hjksa] t+bZQ+ksa] csokvksa vkSj
                                                                                 ;rheksa dh nLrxhjh vkSj enn djus okys vkSj vYykg
                                                                                 dh jgersa vkSj cdZrsa gksaA
                                                                        (10) gqtw+j (l-) dk bZ”kZkn gS ds tc dksbZ eq> ij nq:n o
                                                                        lyke Hkstrk gS rks vYykg rvkyk esjh :g dks esjs ftLe esa
                                                                        okil Hkst nsrk gS vkSj esa ml dk tokc nsrk gq¡A
                                                                                 vki (l-) dk vkSj b”kkZn gS ds vYykg rvkyk us ,d
                                                                        Q+fj”rk esjh d+Cj ij eqdj~j dj j[kk gSA nqfu;k esa tc dksbZ eq>
                                                                        ij nq:n o lyke i<+rk gS rks og Q+fj”rk eq>s ml dh [k+cj
                                                                        djrk jgrk gSA
                                                                                     vki (l-) dk vkSj b”kkZn gS ds Q+fj”rs nqfu;k esa
                                                                        fl;kgr djrs jgrs gSa] vkSj nqfu;k esa tks dksbZ Hkh eq> ij n:n
(8)     gqt+wj (l-) ij nq:n o lyke i<+us ds ckn ,d QqV                  o lyke i<+rk gS og eq> rd igq¡pkrs jgrs gSaA
nkghuh rjQ+ c<+ dj nqljs lwjk[k+ ds lkeus :d tk,saA bl                           bl fy, vki dgha ls Hkh gqt+wj (l-) ij nq:n o lyke
lqjk[k+ ds lkeus gt+jr vcqcØ flíhd+ (jt+h) dk psgjk eqckjd              Hkstsaxs og gqt+wj (l-) dks t+:j egq¡psxk vkSj vki ¼l-½ ml dk
gSA ;gk¡ bl rjg ls lyke i<+saA                                          tokc nsaxsA bl fy, jkSt+k eqckjd ds lkeus lsD;qfjVh xkMZ vkSj
                                                                        yksxksa ds gqtqe dks gVk dj tkyh Nwus] pweus] :dq dh rjg >qdus
                                                                        vkSj gj rjg dh csvnch ls cpsaA vYykg rvkyk dk b”kZkn gSa
                                                                        ds viuh vkokt+ jlwy (l-) dh vkokt+ ls uhph j[kks] ,Slk uk
                                                                        gks ds rqEgkjs vkeky cjckn dj fn;s tk,sa vkSj rqe dks [k+cj
                                                                        rd uk gksA (vfYgtjkr] 2)
                                                                                 gt+jr beke cq[k+kjh (jg-) vkSj gt+kjksa vYykg okyksa us
                                                                        enhuk “kjhQ+ dh eqdíl t+ehu ij ,grjke dh otg ls uk tqrs
                                                                        igus vkSj uk dHkh lokjh ij lokj gq,sA ge vkSj vki bruk
      tukc vcqcØ flíhd+ (jt+h) vki ij lyke gks]                         ,grsjke rks ugha dj ldrsA exj ftruk T+;knk gks lds vnc o
      jlwy vYykg (l-) ds [k+yhQ+k vki ij lyke gks]                      ,grsjke dk [k+;ky j[ksaA
      jlwy vYykg (l-) ds ot+hj vki ij lyke gks]
      jlwy vYykg (l-) ds x+kj ds lkFkh vki ij lyke]
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57
                       jkSt+k&,&eqckjd dh rQ+lhy
(1)      87 fgtjh rd efLtn ucoh ds e”kfjd+h tkfuc vT+okts                (3)      jkSt+k “kjhQ+ ds mij efLtn dh Nr ij igyh ckj xqacn
eqrgjkr ds gqtjkr “kjhQ+k ekStqn FksA vkSj gqt+wj (l-) dh d+Cj           “kkg ealwj d+ykmu lkysgh us lkroha lnh ds vkf[k+j esa cuok;k
eqckjd efLtn ds ckgj gt+jr vkbZ”kk flíhd+k (jt+h-) ds gqtjs              FkkA ;s ydM+h dk Fkk vkSj mij ls lhlk (Lead) ds irjs p<+s
esa FkhA                                                                 gq,s FksA lhlk pqads flysVh gksrk gS bl fy, xqacn dk jax Hkh
         gt+jr mej fcu vCnqy vt+ht+ (jg-) us 87 fgtjh esa                flysVh FkkA
lkjs gqtjkr [k+jhn dj efLtn esa “kkfey dj ysus dk Q+Slyk                          887 fgtjh esa efLtn esa vkx yx xbZ Fkh ftl ls bl
fd;k D;ksa ds ml oD+r rd lkjh vT+okts eqrgjkr Q+kSr gks pqdh             xqacn dks uqDlku igqapk bl fy, lqYrku d+kfrckbZ us bls nksckjk
Fkha vkSj efLtn esa txg dh l[+r fd+Yyr FkhA                              eT+cwr baVksa vkSj iRFkjksa ls rv~ehj djok;kA vxys lk<+s rhu lkS
         efLtn ds rkSlh ds oD+r gt+jr vkbZ”kk flíhd+k (jt+h-)            lky rd ;s xqacn blh rjg jgkA bl oD+r xqacn lQ+sn ;k
ds gqtjs dks NksM+ dj lkjs gqtjs efLtn esa “kkfey dj fy,s x,sA           flysVh jax ls jaxk tkrk FkkA
ml oD+r gt+jr vkbZ”kk (jt+h-) ds gqtjs dh nhokjsa dPph vkSj                       1234 fgtjh esa lqYrku esgewn mLekuh us bls fQj ls
Nr ydM+h dh FkhA gt+jr mej fcu vCnqy vt+ht+ (jg-) us                     rv~ehj djok;k] vkSj gjs jax ls jaxkA ;kuh xqacn f[k+T+jk
gqtjs ds vrjkQ+ cx+Sj f[kM+dh] njokt+s dh m¡ph et+cqr nhokj              rv~ehj gq,s rd+jhcu nks lkS lky gks pqds gSaA bl xqacn esa ,d
rv~ehj dj nhA gqtjk pkSdksj Fkk exj ckgjh nhokjsa ik¡p dksuksa           NksVk lk lwjk[k+ gS tks ds uhps cus gqtjk ds xaqcn ds Bhd mij
dh cukbZ xbZa rkds bl dh eqekflyr dkck “kjhQ+ ls uk gksA                 gSA ;g lwjk[k fdCyk dh rjQ gSA tc lwjt Bhd Åij gksrk gS]
vxys N% lkS lky rd efLtn dh Nr vkSj gqtjk dh mij dh                      lwjt dh jkS”kuh jkSt+k&,&eqckjd ij iM+rh gSA ckfj”k ds fnuksa
Nr ,d gh Fkh dksbZ xqacn uk Fkk] flQ+Z fu”kku ds rkSj ij jkSt+k          esa ckfj”k dk ikuh Hkh jkSt+k&,&eqckjd ij Vidrk gSA
eqckjd ds mij efLtn dh Nr dks FkkSM+k m¡pk dj fn;k x;k Fkk
                                                                         (4) 668 fgtjh esa igyh ckj lqYrku :Dumíhu cscjl us
rkds dksbZ x+yrh ls jkSt+k eqckjd ds mij okyh Nr ij uk pyk
tk,sA                                                                    gqtjk ds vrjkQ+ ik¡p dksuksa okys dejk ds vrjkQ+ ydM+h dh
                                                                         tkyh yxokbZ Fkh tks ds nl ls ckjg fQ+V Å¡ph FkhA 694 fgtjh
(2) 878 fgtjh esa lqYrku d+kfrckbZ ds nkSj esa nhokjsa det+ksj
                                                                         esa “kkg t+Sumn~nhu dqrqcx+k us bl tkyh dks Å¡pk dj ds efLtn
gks tkus dh otg ls bu dh fQj rv~ehj dh xbZA pq¡dh bZlkbZ                 dh Nr rd dj fn;kA fQj 886 fgtjh esa lqYrku d+kfrckbZ us
vkSj ;gwnh rjg rjg dh “kkft+”ksa fd;k djrs FksA bl fy,                   bu tkfy;ksa dks yksgs vkSj ihry ls cny fn;kA vc fd+Cyk dh
lqYrku us gqtjs dh nhokjksa dks Hkh eT+cwr iRFkj dk cuk fn;kA            rjQ+ dh tkyh ihry dh gS vkSj ckd+h rhuksa rjQ+ yksgs dh
lh/kh (Flat) Nr pq¡ds det+ksj gksrh gS vkSj ckj ckj ejEer                tkfy;k¡ gSa ftu ij lCt+ jax p<+k gqvk gSA
djuk iM+rh gSA vkSj ejEer ds oD+r et+nqjksa dks jkSt+k eqckjd
ds mej Nr ij Hkh dke djuk iM+rk gSA tks ,grsjke ds                                bu tkfy;ksa esa pkj njokt+s gSaA ,d fd+Cyk dh rjQ+
f[k+ykQ+ gSA bl fy, lqYrku us Nr dks Hkh et+cwr xqacn dh rjg             ckc&mYrkSck] nqljk ex+fjc dh rjQ+ ckc&mYoQ+wn] rhljk
cukus dk gqDe fn;kA bu nhokjksa vkSj xqacn esa dksbZ f[kM+dh ;k          ef”jd+ dh rjQ+ ckc&Q+kRek vkSj pkSFkk “kqeky dh rjQ+
njokt+k ugha gSA flQ+Z mij ds fgLlk esa ,d NksVk lk lwjk[k+ gS           ckc&mYrgtwnA bu njokt+ksa ls nkf[k+y gksdj Hkh ik¡p dksuksa okys
ftl ls jkSt+k eqckjd vklkuh ls ut+j vkrk gSA                             bgkrs ds ckgj rd gh ig¡pk tk ldrk gSA jkSt+k&,&eqckjd dks
                                                                         ns[kuk ;k bl rd igq¡puk fdlh ds fy, Hkh eqfEdu ugha gSA
         878 fgtjh esa nhokjksa dh rtnhn ds oD+r vYykek
                                                                         (5) 557 bZ- esa nks blkbZ;ksa us lqjax yxk dj gqt+wj (l-) ds
legqnh dks gqtw+j (l-) dh dCj eqckjd dh ft+;kjr dk “kQ+Z
gkfly gqvkA og fy[krs gSa ds rhuksa dCjsa dPph gSaA t+ehu ds             jkSt+k&,&eqckjd rd igq¡pus dh dksf”k”k dh FkhA uwjmíhu t+axh
cjkcj gSa ;k flQ+Z FkksM+h ls mHkjh gqbZ gSaA dqcw+j vrjkQ+ dksbZ        us mUgsa idM+ dj d+Ry fd;k vkSj jkSt+k&,&eqckjd ds pkjksa
iRFkj ;k bZaV yxh gqbZ ugha gSaA nhokjksa vkSj xqacn dh rv~ehj ds        rjQ+ ikuh dh lrg rd et+cqr lhlk vkSj iRFkj dh nhokj
ckn fQj fdlh dks ;s lvknr gkfly ugha gqbZ D;ksa ds ;s bekjr              cuk nh] tks vkt rd ekStqn gSA
vkt Hkh oSlh gh gSA                                                      (6)   gqtw+j (l-) ds jkSt+k&,&eqckjd vkSj efLtn dk uD+”kk
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t+qckuh c;ku fd;k tk,s rks og bl rjg gSA ds vki (l-) dh d+Cj                  (3)        esgjkc ucoh %
eqckjd dPph gSA d+Cj t+ehu ls dqN gh Å¡ph gSA ml ds ckgj
                                                                                     ftl txg vki (l-) uekt+ i<+k djrs FksA vki (l-) dh
iRFkj dk cuk gqvk pkSdksj dejk gSA ftl ij ,d NksVk xqacn gSA
                                                                              oQ+kr ds ckn gt+jr vcqcØ flíhd+ (jt+h) us vki (l-) ds
ml ds ckgj ik¡p dksuksa dh nhokj dk bgkrk gSA tks eT+cwr gS vkSj              ltnk dh txg nhokj cuk nh rkds vki (l-) ds ltns dh txg
iRFjksa ls cuk gSA igys bl ij fx+ykQ+ p<+k;k tkrk FkkA tks ds vkt             fdlh ds d+ne uk iM+saA pkjksa [k+qYQk, jk”knhu ds t+ekus esa dksbZ
Hkh ml ij iM+k gqvk gSA bl bgkrs ds ckgj yksgs vkSj ihry dh                   esgjkc ox+Sjg ugha FkhA 91 fgtjh esa gt+jr mej fcu vCnqYk
tkyh dk bgkrk gSA ge vkSj vki blh tkyh ds lkeus tkdj viuk                     vt+ht+ us vius nkSj esa bl nhokj dks ,d esgjkc dh “kdy ns
nq:n o lyke is”k djrs gSaA bu lkjh bekjrksa dks ?ksjs gq,s efLtn dh           nhA tks ds vkt rd d+k;e gSA vc tks dksbZ bl esgjkc ds
bekjr gS vkSj efLtn dh Nr ij Bhd jkSt+k&,&eqckjd ds mij                       lkeus uekt+ i<+sxk rks vki ¼l-½ ds d+ne eqckjd dh txg ij
gjk xqacn gSA jkSt+k&,&eqckjd ds brjkQ+ ds dejs vkSj nhokjksa esa             ltnk djsxkA
dksbZ f[kM+dh ;k njokt+k ugha gSA mij ds nksuksa xqacnksa esa flQ+Z ,d               bl esgjkc ds ihNs esgjkc dh nhokj esa gh ,d lqrwu gS
NksVk lk lwjk[k+ gSA tks ds ,d lh/k esa gS jkSt+k&,&eqckjd ls                 ftls lqrwu fgukuk Hkh dgk tkrk gSA bl txg igys ,d [ktwj
vkleku ut+j vkrk gSA bl lqjk[k+ ls lwjt dh jkS”kuh d+Cj                       dk ruk Fkk gqtw+j (l-) blh txg [kM+s gksdj [k+qRck fn;k djrs
eqckjd ij iM+rh gSA                                                           vkSj ufQ+y uekt+ i<+k djrs FksA
fj;ktqYtUur] esacj vkSj lrwu dk c;ku%                                                vkt dy ftl esgjkc ;k eqlYys ij beke [kM+s gks dj
                                                                              uekt+ i<+krs gSa ;s esgjkc mLekuh gS D;ksa ds ;g gt+jr mLeku
(1)        fj;ktqYtUur %                                                      tqYuwjSu (jt+h-) us cuok;k FkkA gt+jr mej Q+k:d+ (jt+h) dks
                                                                              esgjkc ucoh ij gh [k+atj ls geyk dj ds “kghn fd;k x;k FkkA
       gt+jr vcq gqjSjk (jt+h) ls fjok;r gS ds uch vdje                       tc efLtn dh rkSlh gqbZ rks gt+jr mLeku (jt+h-) us fd+Cyk dh
(l-) us Q+ekZ;k] ^^esjs ?kj vkSj feacj ds nfeZ;ku tks txg gS og
                                                                              rjQ+ efLtn dh rkSlh dj ds u;k eqlYyk ;k esgjkc cuk;k
tUur ds ckx+hpksa esa ls ,d ckx+hpk gSA vkSj esjk feacj d+;ker                vkSj vxyh lQ+ksa dks tkyh ls ?ksj fn;k rkds mlh rjg uekt+ ds
ds fnu gkSt+ (dkSlj) ij gksxkA                                                nkSjku mu ij Hkh geyk uk gksA vc og tkfy;k¡ rks ugha gSaA
       Ikgys fj;ktqYtUur dh yackbZ vkSj pkSM+kbZ 15 x 26.5                    exj esgjkc ogha gSA
feVj FkhA exj vc pqads dqN fgLlk tkfy;ksa ds vanj pyk x;k
gS bl fy, ;s vc 15 x 22 feVj cpk gSA                                          (4)        lqrwu vkbZ”kk %
(2)        feacj “kjhQ %                                                             gqtw+j (l-) us Q+ekZ;k ds esjh efLtn esa ,d txg ,Slh gS
                                                                              ds vxj yksxksa dks bl dh Q+t+hyr ekywe gks tk,s rks ogk¡ uekt+
        “kq: “kq: esa gqtw+j (l-) t+ehu ij [kM+s gksdj ,d [ktwj               dh vnkbZxh ds fy, vkil esa fd+jk vankt+h djsaA pq¡ds gt+jr
ds isM+ ds ruk dk lgkjk ys dj [kq+Rck fn;k djrs FksA exj pq¡ds                vkbZ”kk (jt+h-) us bl txg dh fu”kkungh dh Fkh bl fy, bls
nsj rd [kM+k jguk rDrhQ+nsg Fkk bl fy, lgkck&,&djke                           lqrwu vkbZ”kk dgk tkrk gSA
(jt+h-) us rhu lh<+h;ksa dk ,d feacj cuk fn;kA vki (l-)
rhljh lh<+h ij cSBrs vkSj nqljh lh<+h ij ikao j[k dj [kq+Rck                  (5)        lqrwu vcq Ykckck %
fn;k djrs FksA                                                                       X+kT+o&,&[k+and+ ds ckn gt+jr vcq Ykckck ls x+Sj “kmjh
        ;s feacj ydM+h dk Fkk tc ckslhnk gksx;k rks gt+jr                     rkSj ij ,d x+yrh gks xbZ FkhA ftl ds fy, og cgqr ukfne gq,
vehj eqvkfo;k (jt+h-) us bls vt+ lj ukS lh<+h;ksa okyk cuk                    vkSj rkSck bLrx+Q+kj fd;k vkSj vius vki dks bl lqrwu ls cka/k
fn;kA ml ds ckn ;s dbZ ckj cnyk x;kA vc tks feacj efLtn                       fy;k vkSj ;s vgn fd;k ds tc rd vYykg rvkyk esjh rkSck
ucoh esa gS og 998 fgtjh esa lqYrku eqjkn lqOoe mLekuh dk                     d+qcwy uk djsaxs esa bl lqrwu ls ca/kk jgq¡xkA
Hkstk gqvk gSA vkSj ckjg lh<+h;ksa dk gSA lÅnh gqdwer us bl                          vYykg rvkyk us bu dh rkSck dq+cwy dh rc bUgksa us
ij lksus dh ikfy”k ox+Sjg dj ds vkSj [k+qclwjr cuk fn;k gSA                   vius vki dks vkt+kn djk;kA bl lqrwu dks bl fy, mu ds
        feacj dbZ ckj cnys x,s exj txg vkt rd ogh jgh                         uke ls ;kn fd;k tkrk gSA ;gk¡ vki (l-) uekt+ vnk fd;k
tks gqt+wj (l-) ds oD+r esa FkhA                                              djrs FksA
       fulkbZ esa gt+jr mEe lYek (jt+h-) ls fjok;r gS dh                      (6)        lqrwu ljhj %
jlwy vdje (l-) us Q+ekZ;k ^^esjs feacj ds ikl cfg”r dh                               bl txg jet+ku ds vk[k+jh v”jk esa ,rsdkQ+ ds fy,
lh<+h gksaxhA**                                                               gqt+wj (l-) dk fcLrj fcNk;k tkrk FkkA vki (l-) ds ckn
                                                                         59
gt+jr mej Q+k:d (jt+h-) us Hkh ;gha ,rsdkQ+ fd;k vkSj beke                      eqgflus balkfu;r] “kfga”kkgs nks tgk¡ og ftl dk vki ij
ekfyd (jg-) efLtn esa blh txg cSBk djrs FksA                              vki ls T+;knk gd+ gSA mu ij ftruk nq:n o lyke Hkstk tk,s
                                                                          de gS exj tks Hkh vki ls cu iM+s vnc ls ,grsjke ls vkalqvksa
(7)        lqrwu fglZ %                                                   ds lkFk nq:n o lyke dk uT+jkuk is”k djrs gq,s vius oru ds
      bl lqrwu ds ikl os lgkck cSBk djrs Fks tks vki ¼l-½                 fy, :[+lr gks tk,saA
dh fgQ+kt+r ij ekewj gksrs FksA                                                 oru ds lQ+j dh “kq:vkr ds lkFk ,d ubZ bLykeh
(8)        lqrwu oQ+wn %                                                  ft+Unxh dh “kq:vkr Hkh djsaA vYykg rvkyk gesa vki dks vkSj
                                                                          lkjh nqfu;k ds eqlyekuksa dks nqfu;k vkSj vkf[k+jr esa lq[kZ+q:
       tc vjc ds oQ+wn gkft+js f[k+ner gksrs rks vki ¼l-½ mu              vkSj dke;kc cuk,sA vkehuA
ls blh txg eqykd+kr Q+ekZ;k djrsA
       lqrwu ljhj] lqrwu fglZ vkSj lqrwu oQ+wn vc vk/ks tkyh                       tUurqYcd+h ds enQ+wuhu ij
ds vanj gks x,s gSaA
       lgkck djke (jt+h-) uekt+ksa ds fy, lqrwuksa dh rjQ+                            bl rjg lyke i<+sa
tfYn igq¡prs D;ksa ds lqrwu uekft+;ksa ds fy, lrjk (vkM+) dk
dke Hkh nsrk gSA gt+jr cq[k+kjh ¼jg-½ us gt+jr vul ¼jt+h-½
ls fjok;r dh gSa ds esa us ns[kk ds cM+s cM+s lgkck ¼jt+h-½ ex+fjc
ds oD+r efLtn dh lqrwuksa dh rjQ+ nkSM+ iM+rsA lgkck djke
¼jt+h-½ us lqrwuksa ds ikl uekt+ i<+h gS bl fy, mu ds ikl
uekt+ i<+uk eqLrgc gSA


vk[k+jh lyke
         gqt+wj ¼l-½ vkSj lgkck&,&djke (jt+h-) us viuh lkjh
ft+Unxh vkSj lkjk eky o nkSyr dq+ckZu dj fn;k Fkk rkds bLyke                rtZqek % bl nkj ^^d+fCjLrku** esa vkjke Q+ekZ eksfeuhu
nqfu;k ds dksus&dksus esa igq¡p tk,sA bu dh dq+ckZfu;ksa ls gh              dh tekvr! rqe ij vYykg dh lykerh gks] rqe igys
bLyke ge rd igq¡pk gSA og ge ls Hkh ;gh mehn j[krs gSa ds                   igq¡p x,s ge rqEgkjs ckn vk jgs gSa] ge ba”kkvYykg rqe
ge igys [k+qn bLyke ij pysa vkSj fQj og dke tks og NksM+                    ls feyus okys gSa] ,s vYykg! cd+h okyksa dks c[+”k ns] ,s
x,s mls vkxs c<+k,saA vYykg rvkyk us Hkh dq+vkZu ethn esa                   vYykg! gekjh vkSj bu dh ex+fQ+jr Q+ekZ] vYykg
b”kkZn Q+ekZ;k gS ds rqe esa ,d ,Slh tekvr gksuh pkfg;s tks                 rvkyk dh jger gks rqe esa ls igys tkus okyksa ij Hkh
yksxksa dks usdh dh rjQ+ cqyk,s vkSj cqjkbZ ls jksdsA                       vkSj ckn esa vkus okyksa ij HkhA
         vxj ge vkSj vki pkgrs gSa ds vkagqt+wj (l-) dh
“kQ+d+r dh fuxkgsa ge ij iM+sa rks igys vki (l-) dh mehnksa ij            uksV %
gesa iqjk mrjuk gksxkA vkSj vxj ge ;s le>rs gSa ds nks cqan
vkalw cgk dj] cM+h cM+h uv~rsa i<+ dj vkSj cM+s cM+ vki (l-)              bl fdrkc esa gt dh iqjh ekywekr ugha gSA ysgkt+k bl fdrkc ds
ls eqgCcr ds nkos dj ds ge vki (l-) dks [k+q”k dj ysaxs rks ;s            eqrkyvk ds lkFk lkFk fdlh eksgfDdd vkfyes nhu ls gt dh
gekjh x+yr Q+geh gSA                                                      rkyhe o rjfc;r djokrs jgsaA ust+ gt dks iqj eX+t+ cukus ds
                                                                          fy, vg~yqYykg ds lkFk uf”kLr o cj[kkLr j[ksaA
         gqt+wj (l-) ds jkSt+k&,&eqckjd ds lkeus igys ge
vYykg rvkyk ls vius xqukgksa ls rkSck djsa vkSj gqt+wj (l-) ls                   vkf[kj esa dkjsbZu ls nj[kkLr gS ds eq> cank , ukpht+ ls
n[+ZokLr djsa ds vki vYykg rvkyk ls gekjh ex+fQjr ds fy,s                 tks x+yrh gqbZ gks bl fdrkc esa fn, x, irs ij fy[k dj Hkst nsa]
nqvk djsaA fQj gqt+wj (l-) ls oknk djsa ds cfd+;k ft+Unxh iqjh            ;k QkSu ds t+fj, ekywe djsaA eSa dksbZ vkfyes nhu ugha gq¡] bl
rjg bLykeh rjhds+ ij xq+t+kjsaxsA gqt+wj (l-) ls ;s Hkh n[+ZokLr          fy, [krkvksa dk lqnwj cgqr eqfEdu gSA brykv~ ds ckn vxys
djsa ds vYykg rvkyk ls vki nqvk djsa ds vYykg rvkyk gesa                  ,fM”ku esa ba”kk vYykg bl dh rykQ+h dj nh tk,xhA
vkSj lkjs eqlyekuksa dks bLyke ij iqjh rjg pyus dh rkSQ+hd+                      uht+ reke dkjsbZu ls bYrsekl gS ds vgd+j ds fy,
vrk Q+ekZ,sa vkSj d+;ker esa gqt+wj (l-) dh f”kQ+kvr ulhc gksA            nksckjk ft+;kjrs cSrqYykg dh nqvk djsaA
                                                                     60
     lqrwus fgukuk ¼jksus okys rus dh txg½
     lqrwus vkbZ'kk ¼jt+h-½ ¼;gk¡ uekt+ i<+us dh cgqr T;+knk Qt+hyr gS½
     lqrwus vch Ykckck ¼;gk¡ gt+jr vch Ykckck dh rkSck dqcwy gqbZ Fkh½
     lqrwus ljhj ¼bl txg gqtwj ¼l-½ vkjke Q+ekZrs Fks½
     lqrwus fglZ ¼;gk¡ lgkck cSB dj vki dh fgQkt+r ds fy, igjk nsrs Fks½




61
     lqrwus oqQwn ¼;gk¡ esgekuksa dks Bgjk;k tkrk Fkk½
     gt+jr fcyky ¼jt+h-½ dh vtk+u dh txg
     gqtwj ¼l-½ dh dCj eqckjd
     gt+jr vc&qcØ flÌhd+ ¼jt+h-½ dh d+Cj eqckjd
     gt+jr mej Qk:d ¼jt+h½+ dh d+Cj eqckjd
     ,d d+Cj fd [kkyh txg
     vUn:uh gqTjk dk dejk
     gqTjk ij xqcan
     ckgjh ik¡p dksuksa dk dejk
     xqacns f[k+T+jk ¼;s efLtn dh Nr ij jkSt+k&,&eqckjd ds mij gS½
     esgjkcs Q+kRek ¼jth-½ ¼;gk¡ gt+jr Q+kRek ¼jt+h-½ dk gqTjk Fkk½
     esgjkc rgTtqn ¼;gk¡ gqtwj ¼l-½ rgTtqn i<+k djrs Fks½
     ckgj tkyh ¼ftl ds lkeus [kM+s gksdj vki nq:n o lyke i<+rs gSaA½
                                                                                                                                                               tUUrqy
                                                                                                                                                                cd+h
                           lqfQ;k fcUrs vCnqy eqŸkfyc
                           ¼jlqy vYYkg dh QwQh½

                                             gt+jr vcw lbZn my [knjh


                                                                  gt+jr mLeku fcu v¶Qku ¼jt+h-½

                                                                                 tUurqy cdh dk ;g ,d uk;kc uD”kk gSA lnh gqdwer
              chch
             gyhek
                                                                                 us d+czksa ij lkjs fu”kkukr feVk fn, gSa] vkSj uk gh
                                                                                 fdlh dks fdlh d+cz dh fu”kku&ngh dh btkt+r gSA bl
                                                                                 uD”kk ds t+fj, vki gt+jr mLeku ¼jt+h-½] mEegkrqy
                                                                                 eksfeuhu] gt+jr gyhek vkSj nhxj eksgrje gt+jkr
                                                                                 ds et+kjkr dh ft+;kjr dj ldrs gSaA


                                                                                           mEegkrqy eksfeuhu] vT+okts eqrg~gjkr
                                                                   gt+jr lS;nk vkbZ”kk flfídk ¼jt+h-½] gt+jr lkSnk ¼jt+h-½] gt+jr fcUrs t+evk ¼jt+h-½]
                                                                         gt+jr gQlk ¼jt+h-½] gt+jr mEes lYel ¼jt+h-½] gt+jr lq¶;k ¼jt+h-½]
          “kksgnk , gjZk




                                                                   gt+jr tqoSfj;k ¼jt+h-½] gt+jr mEes gchck ¼jt+h-½] gt+jr t+Suc fcUrs [kt+hek ¼jt+h-½]
                                                                                              gt+jr t+Suc fcUrs gt”k ¼jt+h-½
                                    fcu eqgEen jlwy vYykg ¼l-½
                                            gt+jr bczkghe




                                                                                                        gt+jr mEes dqYlwe ¼jth-½
vCnwYykg fcu mej
gt+jr ukQs ekSyk




                                                                                                        gt+jr :d+¸;k ¼jth-½
                                                                                                                                         gt+jr beke tv~Qj lkfnd
                                                                     vd+hy                              gt+jr t+Suc ¼jth-½               gt+jr beke ckd+j
                                                                 fcu vch rkfyc
                                                                                                                                         gt+jr beke t+Suqy vkcsnhu
                                                                                                                                         gt+jr beke glu


                     gt+jr beke ekfyd ¼jg-½




                               gt+jr lq¶;ku fcu gkfjl ¼jt+h-½
                                                                                                                               lS;nrqfUUlk Qkrsek rqT+t+ksgjk ¼jt+h-½
                                                                                                                gt+jr vCckl
                                                                                                           fcu vCnqy eqŸkfrc ¼jt+h-½

                                  tUUkrqy cdh dk njokt
                                                                        +k
                                gt+jr lq¶;k ¼jth-½
                                gt+jr vrhdk
                                gt+jr mEes cSfuu
                                                                                   efLtns ucoh ¼l-½
                                                                                                                  tUUrqy cd+h dk
                                                                                                                  ,d uk;kc uD’kk
                                                                                                62
1868                    bZ- lu dk ,d leanjh lQ+js gt
        uokc lS;n flfíd glu [kku ¼jg-½ 1832 bZ- lu esa                 fn;kA pkj ft+dv~nk dks ^;ye ye* igkM+h ¼ehd+kr½ dk lkeuk
iSnk gq,A cpiu esa vius cM+s HkkbZ ds ikl jgsA myek ls                 gqvkA ckn uekt+s Q+Tj ugk /kks dj mejkg dk ,gjke cka/kkA
bCrsnkbZ nhuh rv~yhe gkfly dhA fQj pan lky dkuiqj vkSj                 gTts reRrv~ dh fu;r dhA [kqnk [kqnk djds tgkt+ 21 Qjojh
Qj[k vkckn esa i<+rs jgsA vkf[kj esa eq¶+rh ln:fÌu [kku                ¼9 t+h&dv~nk½ dks ftíkg canjxkg ij yaxj vankt+ gqvkA tku
lkgc ln:Llnwj nsgyh ds ikl gkft+j gks dj rdehy , vYe                   esa tku vkbZA gnhnk ls ftíkg dk lkr fnu dk cgjh jkLrk
dhA gnhl esa og gt+jr “kkg vCnqy vt+ht+ ¼jg-½ vkSj lkSdkuh             rdjhcu ,d ekg esa rS gqvkA ftíkg esa rhu fnu d+;ke jgkA
ds “kkfxnZ gSaA                                                        14 t+h&dv~nk dks eglwy tejd (tax) ns dj vkxs c<+sA vk/kh
        1868 bZ-lu esa gt fd;kA bl lQj ds eq[rslj gkykr                jkr dks vius ,d lkFkh lS;n vcw cØ ds lkFk ckc mLlyke ls
mUgksa us ^brgkQqy uCyk* vkSj ^bZt+kgqy eqgTtk* esa fy[ks gSaA         efLtn my gjke esa nkf[ky gq,A
Qjekrs gSa%                                                                    [kkuk , dkck ij fuxkg iM+rs gh lkjh rdyhQs jkg o
        cank , “kfeZank 13 fnlEcj 1868 bZ-lu ¼27 “kv~cku               elkbZcs lQj o erkbcs cgj o cj Hkwy x,A vkekys mejkg
1285 fgtjh lu½ ckn uekt+s t+ksgj ?kj ls ck bjknk , Qjht+k              rjrhc okj vnk fd,A HkhM+ uk gksus dh otg ls gTjs vLon dk
, gt ckgj fudykA 24 fnlEcj ¼19 jet+ku½ dks uekt+s vLj                  ckslk gj pDdj esa ck [kwch e;Llj vk;kA lbZ ds ckn “kc gje
ls igys cEcbZ ls Qrsg lqYrku ukeh tgkt+ esa lokj gqvkA tc              esa gh clj dhA lqcg vOOy oDr esa eqlYyk, “kkQbZ ij Qtz dh
tgkt+ dk yaxj mBk;k x;k rks gok vPNkh py jgh FkhA bl                   uekt+ Ik<+dj eaft+y ij vkuk gqvkA 29 t+h&dv~nk ¼13 ekpZ½
fy, tgkt+ us djhc 60 ejgys ,d fnu esa rS dj fy,A fQj                   dks d+kt+h ds lkeus pkan ns[kus dh “kgknr xqt+jhA exj esa us ;k
gok :d xbZA rhu fnu rd lj nnZ jgk vkSj d+S gksrh jghA pkSFks           fdlh eqlkfQj us pkan ugha ns[kkA
fnu rchvr dqN laHkyhA bl tgkt+ esa 300 vkneh lokj FksA                         8 ft+fYgTtk dks gt dk ,gjke cka/k dj feuk iSny x,]
ge ot+w vkSj xqLy leanj ds [kkjs ikuh ls djrs vkSj [kkuk ihuk          fQj ogk¡ ls lokjh ds t+fj, x,A vjQkr esa dCys odwQ lkjh
ehBs ikuh ls] tks ge us tgkt+ esa lkFk j[k fy, FksA 1 tUojh            gt+Qqy vkt+e i<+hA ckn exfjc eqT+nYQk dh rjQ dqp fd;kA
1869 dks ckcs fldanj ¼ckc my eT+gc½ ls xqt+j gqvkA 10                  vjQkr o feuk esa ck vkSd+krs QqlZr fdrkcr Hkh dhA 13
tUojh dks tgkt+ gnhnk esa yaxj vankt+ gqvkA vHkh gekjs                 ft+fYgTtk dks feuk ls eDdk vkuk gqvkA 15 lQj 1286
fglkc ls 28 gh rkjh[k Fkh fd ogk¡ :;rs fgyky Bgj xbZA pkj              fgtjh lu ¼27 ebZ 1869 bZ- lu½ dks d+kfQyk enhuk dh
o ukpkj canjxkg ds yksxksa ds lkFk bRrsQkd djuk iM+kA bZn              rjQ pykA f[kykQs vknr 20 fnu esa igq¡pkA ,d g¶rk d+;ke
xkg esa djhc 2000 yksxksa ds lkFk uekt+s bZn i<+hA cD;k d+t+k          gqvkA efLtns ucoh evk ejd+n o eqrg~gj o nhxj et+kjkr ,
jkst+s j[ksA vkSj 10 “kOoky dks okil tgkt+ ij vkuk gqvkA               cd+h o “kksgnk , mgn oxSjk e;Llj vk;kA okilh esa [kkl
        tgkt+ 6 fnu vkSj canjxkg esa yaxj vankt+ jgk vkSj 17           enhuk ls mejkg dk ,gjke cka/kkA 12 fnu esa d+kfQ+yk eDdk
“kOOkky dks yaxj mBkA tc tgkt+ pyk] jkg esa fQj gok can gks            igq¡pkA ml oDr Hkh fuLQ “kc FkhA eqrkQ o lbZ dks [kkyh ik;k
xbZA rhu fnu rd tgkt+ ogha [kM+k jgkA tc gok pyh rks jkr               vkSj bl dks xuhers ckjnk le>kA eqgYykg fganh esa d+;ke FkkA
dks vcz o ckjk¡ Hkh vk;kA ftl ls fnu dks tgkt+ ftruk lQj               gje esa vkus tkus ds fy, ckcqfT+t+;kjk FkkA
rS djrk] jkr dks gok dh flEr eq[kkfyQ gksus dh otg ls fQj                      eDdk enhuk esa dqy d;ke rdjhcu pkj ekg dk jgkA
iyV vkrkA ,Slk dbZ fnu rd gksrk jgkA dqN uk iwNks D;k gky              okilh esa QSt+qy ckjh ukeh tgkt+ feykA bl esa ukS lks vkneh
gqvkA uk ikuh ckdh jgk uk [kkukA flQZ ,d oDr vk/kk iko                 lokj FksA bl dk yaxj Hkh gnhnk esa rhu fnu jgkA bl canjxkg
f[kpM+h vkSj nks ?kwaV ikuh ck eqf”dy feyrs FksA ne ?kqV dj ukd        dk eqvfCcj fugk;r cnrj gSA ogk¡ ls py dj vnu rd ,Slh
esa vk x;kA glu gqlSu dk [kre fd;kA gok pyh vkSj tgkt+                 xehZ gqbZ ds lkjs cnu ij nkus gq,A vnu ls vkxs ckfj”k dk
jokuk gqvkA ,d va/ksjh jkr esa tgkt+ fdlh igkM+ ls Vdjkrs              ekSle feykA djhc , cEcbZ rwQku us tgkt+ dks rg o ckyk
Vdjkrs cpkA og rwQkuh jkr “kcs fgTj ls T+;knk fl;kg] l[r               djuk “k: dj fn;kA rwQkuh ekStksa us eqlkfQjksa ds vkSlku [krk
o njkt+ FkhA luhpj ds fnu tgkt+ esa ft+dv~nk dk pkan fn[kkbZ                                                    ¼ckdh ist 38 ij½
                                                                  63
          bu lwjrksa dh Hkh frykor djsa%
          lwjg ;klhu] lwjg jgeku] lwjg eqYd] lwjg rkSck] lwjg okdsvk] lwjg Qrsg
                  t+oky ls xq:cs vkQrkc rd uekt+ vkSj rLchgkr esa e”x+wy jgsaA [kkl dj vLj ds ckn [kqys
        vkLeku ds uhps [kM+s gks dj T+;knk ls T+;knk nqvk,sa ekaxus dh dksf”k”k djsaA
                  gt dh fdrkcksa esa vjQkr ds fnu ds fy, cgqr lh nqvk,sa fy[kh gqbZ gSaA mUgsa gt dh
        rv~yhe ds oDr gh Ik<+ dj ts+gu u”khu djysaA vkSj vjQkr ds fnu bu bu nqvkvksa dks le> dj
        vkftt+h ds lkFk vkSj jks dj [kqnk ls ekaxsaA tks Hkh nqvk vki le> dj ekaxsaxs] vlj j[ksxhA

uksV% mij tks dqN ot+hQs vkSj vcknkr dk rjhdk c;ku fd;k gS og flQZ csgrj rjhdk gS] okftc ;k Qt+Z ughaA
                                                        64

								
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