21 by cuiliqing


									                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ARAB TIMES, THURSDAY, AUGUST 9, 2012
INTERNATIONAL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            21

Suit targets ‘new penal code’:
The ACLU has filed a lawsuit against
Puerto Rico’s police chief and justice sec-
retary, saying the island’s new penal code
violates the constitutional right to freedom
of expression.
   The lawsuit comes a week after Gov
Luis Fortuno approved the new code that
                     restricts certain types of
                     protests and establishes
                     a three-year prison sen-
                     tence for violators.
                        “The statute is evi-
                     dently intended to sup-
                     press speech, to stop
                     people from protesting
                     against government
                     policies,” William
                     Ramirez, local ACLU
                     director, said Tuesday.
                        The lawsuit seeks a
     Fortuno         permanent injunction to
                     stop Justice Secretary
Guillermo Somoza from enforcing the
new law as it relates to protests and
demonstrations. A portion of the new code
states that those who disrupt, interrupt or
prevent legislators from performing public
duties or cause disorder while in the
immediate view and presence of lawmak-
ers will be charged.
   The American Civil Liberties Union
says the new code uses vague language
and does not offer police or potential
offenders any guidance about what kind
of conduct would be considered criminal.
   “It’s just plain old unconstitutional no
matter how you look at it,” Ramirez said.
“What would disturb one legislator may
not disturb another legislator.” (AP)
             ❑         ❑         ❑
Brazil deploys troops: The Brazilian
government has sent close to 9,000 troops
to its borders with four neighboring coun-
tries as part of a big two-week anti-crime
   Army, navy and air force personnel
have been deployed along Brazil’s fron-
tiers with Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia
and Uruguay, the Defense Ministry said                                              Traditional ‘Silleteros’ prepare to participate in a parade during the Flower Festival on Aug 7, in Medellin, Antioquia department, Colombia. (AFP)
on its website Tuesday.
   The ministry said the operation, which                                                                                                                                                                                                    with Seychelles President James Michel,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             who told them “the return of stability” to
began Monday, is aimed at stemming the
inflow of drugs and arms and other con-                                                                                  Diplomacy                                                                                                           Madagascar is crucial for the wider region.
traband into Latin America’s biggest                                                                                                                                                                                                            “It is my hope...we can together reach a
nation. One neighbor, Bolivia, is the                                                                                                                                                                                                        consensus that will establish a lasting solu-
world’s No. 3 cocaine-producing nation                                                                                                                                                                                                       tion for peace,” Michel said in a statement
and officials there have estimated 92 per-                                                                                                                                                                                                   on Tuesday. (AFP)
cent of that country’s cocaine production                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ❑       ❑         ❑
heads to Brazil.                                                                                                         Clinton urges S. Africa to promote democracy                                                                        ‘Party’ rejects new draft: Zimbabwe
   The area to which the troops have been                                                                                                                                                                                                    President Robert Mugabe’s party won’t
sent includes the so-called Triple Border,
the porous region where Brazil, Paraguay
and Argentina converge and is home to
drug and arms traffickers, smugglers and
                                                                                                        ‘Stop supporting Congo rebels’                                                                                                       accept a new draft constitution without
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             amendments to reforms seen as undermin-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ing its traditional powers, state media
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             reported Tuesday.
counterfeiters. (AP)                                                                                    KAMPALA, Aug 8, (Agencies): US            the accusations that it is backing the          Clinton, speaking two days after              Spokesman Rugare Gumbo said the draft
            ❑          ❑      ❑                                                                         Secretary of State Hillary Clinton        rebels. Rwanda says it is being used         visiting the 94-year-old Mandela,                                     was unacceptable in
Federal police go on strike:                                                                            urged Rwanda and Great Lakes              as a scapegoat for the chaos in east-        said South Africa’s legacy of peace-                                  its present form and
Brazil’s federal police launched an open                                                                neighbours on Tuesday to stop sup-        ern Congo.                                   fully overturning apartheid brought                                   “we cannot commit
ended nationwide strike Tuesday, joining                                                                porting Congolese rebels as regional         Rwandan President Paul Kagame             with it responsibilities.                                             ourselves to positions
other sectors seeking wage concessions                                                                                                                                                                                                                               which are untenable,’
                                                                                                        leaders met in Uganda to discuss          and his Congolese counterpart                   “Few countries on this continent                                   according to The
from the government, their unions said.                                                                 ways to end the insurgency in the         Joseph Kabila are due to meet in             can carry as much weight or be such
   “The idea at this time is not to harm          The new-elected chairperson of the                                                                                                                                                                                 Herald newspaper,
society, but to make the government               African Union Commission, South                       eastern Democratic Republic of            Kampala and join the talks with their        effective partners and leaders as                                     which is controlled
aware of our dissatisfaction,” Jones Leal,        Africa’s Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma                       Congo.                                    regional neighbours about the size           South Africa,” Clinton told universi-                                 by Mugabe loyalists.
president of the police union in Brasilia,        (left), greets US Secretary of State                     Clinton’s call, made in South          and composition of the anti-rebel            ty students in Cape Town, in a                                            He alleged the
told AFP.                                         Hillary Clinton (right), on Aug 7, at the             Africa during her latest stop on an       force, which was broadly agreed by           speech billed as the centrepiece of an                                draft did not reflect
   The strikers are demanding higher pay          presidential guesthouse in Pretoria.                                                                                                         11-day Africa tour.                                                   the views of many
                                                                    (AFP)                               African tour, maintained internation-     them at an African Union summit in
and a career plan.                                                                                                                                                                                “You are a democratic power with                                   voters and his party
                                                                                                        al pressure on Rwanda and Uganda          Addis Ababa last month.                                                                           Mugabe           supporters who were
   There are some 15,000 federal police                                                                 to withdraw any backing for the              “The mere fact that Kabila has            the opportunity to influence Africa
officers in Brazil’s 26 states and federal                                                                                                                                                                                                                           canvassed country-
                                                                                                        Tutsi-led M23 rebels, whose               flown in here and that Kagame is             and the world.”                               wide and said it contained “alien ideas” that
district (Brasilia), according to union offi-
cials.                                                                                                  advances have thrown the volatile,        here is testimony of how seriously              “We are looking for ways to                were not aired at public meetings during an
   Police have pledged to provide a mini-                                                               ethnically-mixed east of Congo back       they take this matter,” Ugandan              enhance and deepen our partnership.           outreach campaign to gather the people’s
mum service, but “the strike will affect all                                                            into conflict, displacing thousands of    Foreign Minister Henry Okello                South Africa has so much to offer to          contributions, the paper reported.
services, some investigations can be                                                                    civilians.                                Oryem told Reuters.                          the rest of the world,” Clinton said as          The ZANU-PF politburo, the party’s top
blocked and generate delays in the                                                                         The Rwandan government has                As uneasy neighbours, Congo and           she met with Foreign Minister Maite           policy making body, is scheduled to meet
issuance of passports and in immigration                                                                                                                                                       Nkoana-Mashabane. “As crises and              Wednesday to finalize objections to the
                                                                                                        strenuously denied allegations by         Rwanda have gone to war with each                                                          draft that include the proposed election of
matters,” Alexandre Santana Sally, the                                                                  UN experts that its military officials    other in the past.                           opportunities arise, there are tough
union chief in Sao Paulo, said. (AFP)                                                                                                                                                                                                        ten provincial governors from all parties.
                                                                                                        have provided equipment and                                Roots                       issues we have to tackle together,            Mugabe appointed the governors in the
            ❑          ❑        ❑                                                                       recruits for the M23 rebellion.                                                        from nuclear proliferation to climate         past. The draft also calls for an independent
Argentina seizes firm: Argentina on                   Nguesso                    Mboulou                Uganda has also rejected similar             Eastern Congo’s enduring con-             change, security crises, the situation        prosecuting authority to replace Mugabe
Tuesday ordered a government takeover                                                                   allegations that its soldiers have        flict, which has killed, maimed and          in (the Democratic Republic of                appointees in the justice ministry and par-
of a printing firm that has been linked to                                                              backed the movement.                      displaced several million civilians          Congo) or Syria.                              liamentary controls over military and secu-
Vice-President Amado Boudou, who faces
                                                                                                           Clinton, speaking at a news con-       over nearly two decades, has its                “We do not always see eye to eye           rity deployment. (AP)
allegations of illicit enrichment, the                   Africa                                         ference in Pretoria, praised a two-       roots in Tutsi-Hutu ethnic and politi-       on these issues. I don’t know if peo-                       ❑        ❑        ❑
Economy Ministry said.                                                                                                                            cal enmities dating back to the 1994
   The government said it was taking over                                                               day meeting of Great Lakes region                                                      ple always do and certainly not two           Police charge miner: Zambian police
Compania de Valores Sudamericana,                                                                       heads of state held in the Ugandan        Rwandan genocide.                            nations. Sometimes we will disagree           have charged a coal miner with murder in
                                                  ‘Rules’ dent rebels’ profits: A US                                                                 Later invasions of Congo by               as friends do,” she said.                     connection with the killing of a Chinese
which prints official documents and cur-          law and an electronics industry code gov-             capital Kampala this week to discuss
rency, and had informed Congress with a                                                                 solutions to the Congo crisis. They       Rwandan forces and Kigali’s back-               A senior State Department official         supervisor during a protest over pay, a
                                                  erning the use of conflict minerals have                                                                                                                                                   police official said on Tuesday.
bill declaring the move to be in the              slashed profits among armed groups in the             could include the creation of a neu-      ing of Congolese rebels fuelled two          said Clinton — on the sixth leg of a
nation’s best interests.                                                                                                                          crippling wars.                              marathon tour of the continent —                 Zambian miners killed the supervisor
                                                  Democratic Republic of Congo by 65 per-               tral international military force to                                                                                                 and seriously wounded another on Saturday
   The company, one of several firms that         cent in the past two years, a report by a                                                          South Africa’s next generation of         wants to “encourage South Africa to
prints the country’s peso notes and identi-                                                             fight Congolese rebels.                                                                                                              in the dispute at the Collum coal mine,
                                                  nonprofit rights group found on Tuesday.                 “We urge all the states of the         leaders should honour the legacy of          play a stronger and more influential          about 325 km south of Lusaka, labour min-
fication cards, will be under the authority          But the Enough Project — an arm of the                                                       anti-apartheid hero Nelson Mandela           role” in global affairs.
of Economy Minister Hernan Lorenzino                                                                    region including Rwanda to work                                                                                                      ister Fackson Shamenda said earlier this
                                                  Center for American Progress that combats                                                       by promoting democratic values                  The two countries have appeared            week.
and the head of the national mint, Katya          genocide and crimes against humanity —                together to cut off support for the
Daura.                                                                                                  rebels in the M23, to disarm them         around the world, Clinton said on            at odds on issues such as sanctions              “We have charged one person with mur-
                                                  also warned that months of unrest in                                                            Wednesday.                                                                                 der and 11 others with rioting and theft.
   The printing firm is being investigated        Congo’s volatile east is hampering progress           and bring their leaders to justice,”                                                   on Iran and the conflicts in Syria and
by Judge Ariel Lijo for alleged influence                                                                                                            She also called on South Africa,          Libya. South Africa, which currently          They will appear in court tomorrow,”
                                                  made in curbing the conflict minerals trade.          Clinton said.                                                                                                                        Southern Province police chief Fred
peddling. The company used to be run by              “Economics are at the heart of the                                                           which voluntarily gave up its nuclear        holds a rotating seat on the UN
people close to Boudou. (AFP)                     renewed violence in eastern Congo, and
                                                                                                                         Aid                      weapons programme from 1989, to              Security Council, last month                  Mutondo told Reuters.
            ❑          ❑       ❑                                                                                                                                                                                                                He said the police was looking for three
                                                  M23’s latest advances indicate a move to                Donors including the United             use its long-standing links with             abstained from a heated vote on               other men suspected of having been
Colombia extradites ‘suspect’:                    open the floodgates of conflict minerals              States, Britain, the Netherlands and      Tehran to persuade Iran to reconsid-         sanctions against Syria backed by             involved in the murder.
Colombian authorities Tuesday extradited          smuggling to Rwanda,” said Enough                     Germany have suspended some of            er its suspected pursuit of nuclear          the United States and European                   The Chinese embassy in Zambia has
a woman accused of links to Mexico’s              Project senior policy analyst Sasha                   their financial aid to Rwanda over        weapons.                                     nations.                                      demanded that the incident be thoroughly
infamous Sinaloa drug cartel, police              Lezhnev.                                                                                                                                                                                   investigated and murderers punished
announced.                                           “The time for robust monitoring of                                                                                                                                                      severely.
   Dolly Cifuentes Villa, 48, was handed          mines and traders is now,” said Lezhnev,                                                                                                                                                      China also demanded that security meas-
                                                  who co-authored the report. (RTRS)                Zuma in Seychelles: South African               Madagascar has been mired in political      ment official told AFP.
over to US Drug Enforcement                                                                                                                      crisis since leader Andry Rajoelina toppled       Both Rajoelina and Ravalomanana were      ures should be stepped up to guarantee the
Administration (DEA) at a military airport                     ❑        ❑         ❑                 President Jacob Zuma arrived in the                                                                                                      safety of Chinese workers and prevent simi-
                                                                                                    Seychelles Wednesday to help broker a deal   Marc Ravalomanana in March 2009 with           already on the main Seychelles island of
in Bogota, Colombian police announced             Ruling party wins majority: The rul-                                                           the army’s support.                            Mahe, where they are expected to meet face   lar incidents in future. (RTRS)
                                                                                                    in a second round of talks between
in a statement.                                   ing Congolese Labour Party of President           Madagascar’s president and the man he           “South African President Jacob Zuma         to face later Wednesday.                                  ❑         ❑      ❑
   Accused of drug trafficking and money          Denis Sassou Nguesso won a large majori-                                                       has arrived on the Seychelles,” a govern-         The rivals on Tuesday met separately
laundering in the United States, she will                                                           ousted three years ago.                                                                                                                  ICC orders reparations: The
                                                  ty in run-off legislative elections last week-                                                                                                                                             International Criminal Court Tuesday for
be transferred immediately to a court in          end, with 89 of the 136 seats, final results
the southeastern state of Florida, police                                                                                                                                                                                                    the first time ordered that victims receive
                                                  showed Tuesday.                                                                                                                                                                            reparations in the case of convicted
said.                                                The PCT, which has been in power since                                                                                                             People stunned
   The suspect was arrested in August                                                                                                                                                                                                        Congolese warlord Thomas Lubanga.
                                                  1997, had taken 57 of the 69 seats that were                                                                                                                                                  Lubanga, 51, was jailed last month for
2011 in a police crackdown in the north-          won outright in the July 15 first round, with                                                                                                                                              14 years by The Hague-based tribunal for
eastern Colombian city of Envigado.
                                                  another 10 going to its allies and just one to                                                                                                   Snowfall in S. Africa                     using child soldiers in his rebel army during
                                                  the opposition and another to an independ-                                                                                                                                                 a bloody conflict in the Democratic
            ❑        ❑         ❑                  ent candidate.                                                                                                                                   JOHANNESBURG, Aug 8, (AP):
                                                                                                                                                                                                   People slowly came outside                Republic of Congo’s Ituri province in 2002-
Tourist died from electrocution:                     In Sunday’s second round it won another                                                                                                                                                 03.
                                                  32 of the 67 seats still up for grabs, Interior                                                                                                  despite the cold wind Tuesday
Police on the Caribbean island of St Lucia                                                                                                                                                         across South Africa, pointed                 “This is the first time the court has
say a 20-year-old British woman who died          Minister Raymond Zephirin Mboulou                                                                                                                                                          ordered reparations for victims,” ICC
                                                  said. Independent candidates close to the                                                                                                        their mobile phone cameras to
last month after diving into a hotel pool                                                                                                                                                          the sky and opened their mouths           spokesman Fadi El Abdallah told AFP,
suffered an electric shock and then               PCT won 12 seats, against seven for the                                                                                                                                                    adding that the order included a victims’
                                                  allied MCDDI party.                                                                                                                              to taste a rare snowfall that fell
drowned.                                                                                                                                                                                           on much of the country.                   trust fund set up by the ICC’s founding
   Police say Hannah Defoe came into                 Overall the PCT and its allies took 117                                                                                                                                                 treaty in 2002 to handle the process.
                                                  seats.                                                                                                                                              The snow began Tuesday
contact with electricity in the pool at                                                                                                                                                            morning, part of an extreme cold             The Trust Fund for Victims will now
Juliette’s Lodge in the town of Vieux Fort.          The main opposition Pan-African Union                                                                                                                                                   consult victims “who suffered harm follow-
                                                  for Social Democracy (UPADS) — which                                                                                                             snap now biting into a nation still
Defoe is the cousin of England striker and                                                                                                                                                         in its winter months. By mid-             ing Lubanga’s crimes of enlisting, con-
Tottenham player Jermain Defoe, whose             held 11 seats in the outgoing legislature —                                                                                                                                                scripting and using children under 15
                                                  now has just seven deputies.                                                                                                                     afternoon, officials recorded
father died in June.                                                                                                                                                                               snowfall across most of South             years” to fight, the ICC said in a press
   Two relatives who tried to save Defoe             “Yesterday’s vote witnessed the same                                                                                                                                                    release.
                                                  fraud and irregularities that marked the pre-                                                                                                    Africa. However, forecasters
are recovering after also being shocked.                                                                                                                                                           acknowledged snow remains so                 “Proposals for reparations, as
   St Lucia’s Ministry of Infrastructure          vious round of voting,” UPADS national                                                                                                                                                     advanced by the victims themselves are
                                                  secretary Martin Kimpo told AFP on                                                                                                               unusual that they typically aren’t
says an investigation blamed faulty elec-                                                                                                                                                          prepared to provide details               to be collected by the TFV and presented
trical wiring. It says power has been             Monday.                                                                                                                                                                                    to a newly constituted trial chamber for
                                                                                                                                                                                                   about snowfall in the nation. The
turned off at the hotel until crews fix the          He accused the ruling Congolese Labour                                                                                                        snow closed some roads and at             approval,” the ICC said, without giving
problems.                                         Party of robbing his party of as many seats       Two people play with snow in a park on Aug 7, in Johannesburg. Snow falls                      least one high-altitude pass. The         a time frame.
   Assistant Police Commissioner Frances          as possible to prevent it from reaching the       annually in the mountains of South Africa and Lesotho, which even hosts a ski                  snowfall also closed several bor-            “We expect about 1,000 victims to be
Henry says an investigation is continuing.        threshold for a parliamentary group. (AFP)        resort. But some high-altitude border posts between the two countries                          der posts in the country.                 eligible for reparations,” TFV executive
No one has been charged. (AP)                                  ❑         ❑         ❑                received so much snow on Tuesday that they were forced to close. (AFP)                                                                   director Pieter de Baan told AFP. (AFP)

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