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					The Brain

  Grade 5 Case-Based Study

          MJG School Science The Brain
Your Plan….

             1.Read the cases.
      2.Choose one with your partner.
          3.Switch partner roles.
           4.Research together.
             5.Plan the results.
   6.Present the results in a Power Point.
       7.Use pictures and subtopics.

               MJG School Science The Brain
The Case Challenges…
                      Case 1
Samuel is an eight year old 3rd grader at Roger
  Sherman School. He plays ice hockey in
  Cheshire. He has 3 years experience. Before
  warming-up, he was skating, carrying his
  helmet. His friend kiddingly bumped into him.
  Samuel lost his balance and suffered a
  contusion and trauma on the upper left side of
  his head. Because he was unconscious, he was
  taken to the hospital by ambulance. He revived
  at the hospital.

                  MJG School Science The Brain
Case 2….
                Case 2
 Jasmine is a 10 year old student at
  Pulaski. She is an avid
  equestrienne. One day, while
  proceeding over a 3 foot jump, her
  horse fell. Jasmine fell forward over
  her horse’s neck and jammed the
  base of her neck. She was unable
  to move.
              MJG School Science The Brain
Your Problem Solving…
 Based upon your research, address the following questions.
 1. What caused the contusion?
 2. What possible effects could result from the contusion and
 Explore ALL possibilities. Use specific details to support your
 3. What side effects could happen once the case students are
 Write your bibliography and cite your references.

                        MJG School Science The Brain
Case Based Learning Resources…

Consult these site links to research your information.

Parts of the brain
Keeping the brain safe
Frequently Asked Questions
Electric Brain Miracle

                       MJG School Science The Brain
When You’re done…
Sports’ Injury Facts…
 Brain Injurious Sports:

  Football is big in Central Texas—no matter the age
   of the players. But there's a dangerous side, too.
   Every year football is responsible for a 250,000
   thousand head injuries in the United States. Some
   can even lead to brain damage.

 1. Write some math sentences for this data.
 2. What other sports can cause brain injury?

                    MJG School Science The Brain
                          Read and Respond in our
                              Message Board….
                       Should Bodychecking Be Banned
                          from Youth Ice Hockey?

August 6, 2003
Ice hockey is a fast-paced game that involves plenty of contact between players. These features make
ice hockey an exciting game to watch and play; they also put players at risk for injuries.
Although ice hockey is a graceful sport, at times it is a violent sport. One skill used in hockey is
bodychecking. During a body check, a player uses his or her shoulders, chest, or hips to contact
another player who has the puck. The object of a body check is to remove the puck from an opposing
player's possession. These collisions sometimes can be very violent.
Two researchers from the Division of Neurosurgery at the University of Toronto (Canada) think that
bodychecking should be banned from youth ice hockey games to reduce injuries, especially those to
the head. They present several facts to support their suggestion:

Bodychecking is the most common cause of trauma in ice hockey; it accounts for 86% of
all injuries to players between 9 and 15 years old.

Players (9-15 years old) in leagues that allow contact are 4 times more likely to be
injured and 12 times more likely to have a bone fracture as players in leagues that do
not allow contact.

                                   MJG School Science The Brain
  Hockey injuries are more common than football injuries. Nonfatal spinal cord and
  brain injuries rates for high school athletes are 0.7 per 100,000 football players
  and 2.6 per 100,000 hockey players.

  Permanent changes in brain function have been seen in junior hockey players who
  recovered from head injuries, but then returned to play.

  10-17% of young hockey players (9-17 years old) report a head injury each season.

  Young hockey players have about 2.8 concussions per 1,000 player hours.

  Differences in players' size and strength are greatest when people are between
  13 and 15 years old; some players will be 53 kg (117 lb) heavier and 55 cm (22 in)
  taller than other players within these ages.

The Pediatrics Academy recommends that bodychecking be banned for players younger
                               than 15 years old.
                              What do you think?

                               MJG School Science The Brain

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