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Rigor and Relevance in Your Classrooms

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					Rigor and Relevance in Your
        Classrooms
               November 8, 2011


 Dr. Richard D. Jones, Student of Learning
Email rdjleader@me.com Twitter @rdjleader
                                         www.nyctecenter.org




                               Twitter

                @rdjleader
              @rigorrelevance

                           #LICTE
                                                    2
Successful Practices Network
• " Never doubt two
There aren’tthat a small
  group of -- education
 worlds citizens can
  change the world. Indeed it
 and work, there is one
  is the only thing that ever
 world -- life
  has.”          Margaret Mead
                  Willard Wirtz




                              3
             Which Sandwich?

                                Chicken Salad
  Club
                 Turkey



Tuna Salad                     Ham and Cheese
                Egg Salad




    BLT        Veggie Choice    Seafood Salad
What is Rigor and
  Relevance?
 Is Teaching for Rigor and
 Relevance an example of
Differentiated Instruction?


                         6
 Is Teaching for Rigor and
 Relevance an example of
Student-centered Learning?


                        7
Is Teaching for Rigor and
Relevance an example of
Activity-based Learning?


                        8
 Is Teaching for Rigor and
 Relevance an example of
Interdisciplinary Learning?


                         9
Is Teaching for Rigor and
Relevance an example of
 Project-based Learning?


                        10
                 The Answer is NO
• The following are all examples of Rigorous and
  Relevant teaching and learning
  – Differentiated Instruction
  – Student-centered Learning
  – Active Learning
  – Interdisciplinary Instruction
  – Project-based Learning




                                             11
  Which of the following is the
   highest levels of learning?
1. Read a description of a science experiment and list the
   necessary materials to perform the experiment.
2. Locate and read a current article on biotechnology,
   summarize the innovation and benefits to humans.
3. Read and analyze three original newspaper articles from
   WW II and identify reasons for public opposition to US
   entry into the war.
4. Write directions on how to connect new television to cable
   and DVD recorder.

                                                         12
          Activity
   What makes a lesson
rigorous and relevant for a
         student?


     Think-Pair-Share
                         13
 What is Rigor?
 Misconceptions

What is Relevance?

Subtle Differences
                     14
Rigor, Relevance, Relationships

    Worthy
   goal, fuzzy
    concept

                          15
Rigor, Relevance, Relationships

  Make Rigor
      and
   Relevance
  Quantifiable
                          16
Rigor/Releva
    nce
Framework
           Activity


What does clockwise rotation
        look like?


                        18
    Rigor/Relevance Framework

6     Rigor
     Thinking /Knowledge
5
4

3

2
                   Relevance
                  Action/Application
1
       1   2     3    4     5
                                108
                                 19
                Rigor/Relevance Framework

  Knowledge                  Application

                   Low
• 1. Recall Knowledge
• 2. Comprehension
                           1. Application within discipline
                           2. Knowledge of one discipline
• 3. Application
                           3. Application across disciplines
• 4. Analysis              4. Application to real world
• 5. Synthesis
• 6. Evaluation    High       predictable situations
                           5. Application to real world
                               unpredictable situations

                                                  20
            Rigor/Relevance Framework
            Four Quadrants of Learning
              C                  D
                   C                  D
     High      Complex            Challenging
             Assimilation
               Analytical        Adaptation
                                  Real World
RI
G
O
R
              A    A              B B
                Routine           Practical
     Low      Acquisition
              Memorization
                                Application
                                  Hands On

                    Low                High
                          RELEVANCE
                                              14
                                              21
            Rigor/Relevance Framework
                Opening Question
            C
             Read and analyze three
                                       D    Write directions on how
                                           to connect new television
     High       original newspaper
                                               to cable and DVD
             articles from WW II and
RI             identify reasons for                recorder.

G
             public opposition to US
                entry into the war.
O
R
            A
            Read a description of a
                                       B
            science experiment and       Locate and read a current
               list the necessary        article on biotechnology,
     Low                               summarize the innovation and
             materials to perform
                 the experiment.            benefits to humans.


                        Low                         High   18
                                                           22
                                RELEVANCE
            Rigor/Relevance Framework
               Business - Info. Tech
            C                     D
             Compare features
     High                             Create a full web site
                  of web
                                      for a local business.
RI             development
G               software.
O
R
            A                     B
             Demonstrate web
     Low       development             Design web page.
            software functions.


                     Low                        High   18
                                                       23
                            RELEVANCE
            Rigor/Relevance Framework
                   Construction
            C                      D
     High   Compare heat loss       Design and construct
                                       storage shed.
RI          ratings and cost of
            building materials.
G
O
R
            A                      B
                 List safety           Use power tools
     Low        procedures.               correctly.



                      Low                     High   18
                                                     24
                               RELEVANCE
            Rigor/Relevance Framework
            Family and Consumer Sci.
            C                    D
     High   Analyze homes for        Conduct Safety
                                     audits of homes
RI             child safety
                hazards.
G
O
R
            A                    B
                List parent       Demonstrate child care
     Low     responsibilities.     tasks with simulated
                                          infant.


                      Low                   High   18
                                                   25
                             RELEVANCE
"Never let your expectations be
  limited by what you think is
           possible."

       Benjamin Bloom
       Activity


Raising the Level to
    Quadrant D


                       27
Students think in complex ways and apply acquired knowledge and skills,
even when confronted with perplexing unknowns, to find creative solutions
and take action that further develops their skills and knowledge.




                Evaluation     6

                                                              D
                 Synthesis     5
                                                  Adaptation
                 Analysis      4

                                                High-level Knowledge
                Application    3                High-level Application


                                            3             4              5
                                           Apply    Apply to real- Apply to real-
                                        knowledge       world          world
                                          across     predictable unpredictable
                                        disciplines   situation      situation
                D Quadrant
    Verbs                  Products
                      •   evaluation
•   adapt             •   lesson
•   evaluate          •   estimation
•   validate          •   solution
•   justify           •   experiment
•   design            •   trial
•   create            •   editorial
•   referee           •   presentation
•   infer             •   machine
•   revise            •   adaptation
•   teach             •   poem
•   dramatize         •   debate
•   argue             •   new game
•   conclude          •   invention
            Rigor/Relevance Framework
                Raising Level of Rigor
            C                 D
     High
RI
G
O
R
            A                 B
     Low



                    Low                  High   18
                                                30
                          RELEVANCE
            Rigor/Relevance Framework
                Raising Level of Rigor
            C                 D  Revise a menu and
     High                      prepare luncheon when
RI                             four people are require
                                    special meals
G
O
R
            A                 B
                               Prepare luncheon meal
     Low                           for 20 people.



                    Low                   High   18
                                                 31
                          RELEVANCE
Benefits of Using the R/R
      Framework
Tool for collaboration and reflection
Inclusive
Shift focus to student learning
Increased student engagement
Prepare for Next-Generation
Assessments
Framework for selecting strategies and
assessments
                                        32
Common Core State Standards
       ELA - Six Shifts in Learning
1. Increase in Nonfiction Texts
2. Content Area Literacy
3. Increase Text Complexity
4. Text-Based Answers
5. Focus on Writing Arguments
6. Academic Vocabulary

                                      33
  Increase in
Nonfiction Texts
Content Area
  Literacy
Increase Text
 Complexity
Academic
Vocabulary
            Rigor/Relevance Framework

            C
                Student
                            D    Student
     High                       Thinks &
RI              Thinks           Works
G
O
R
            A               B
                Teacher         Student
     Low
                 Works          Works

                  Low               High   18
                                           42
                        RELEVANCE
            Rigor/Relevance Framework
                Did Students Get it Right?

            C                     D
     High   RationalAnsw          RightQuestion
RI                er
G
O
R           A                    B
     Low
            RightAnswer          RightProcedure

                    Low                      High   18
                                                    43

                           RELEVANCE
Rigor/Relevance Framework Quiz
      Which Quadrant is labeled as
     High Rigor and High Relevance?

             •A
             •B
             •C
             •D
                                      44
Rigor/Relevance Framework Quiz
 Which Quadrant is most frequently tested ?


               •A
               •B
               •C
               •D
                                         45
Rigor/Relevance Framework Quiz
 Which Quadrant leads to greater engagement
         and retention of learning?

               •A
               •B
               •C
               •D
                                        46
Rigor/Relevance Framework Quiz
        Which defines Rigor?




        More and longer assignmentsHigh
        level thinking and reflectionRigid
        deadlinesIncreased difficulty



                                     47
Rigor/Relevance Framework Quiz
      Which defines Relevance?




       Learning is funStudent choiceNo
       gradesApplication to the real world




                                      48
Rigor/Relevance Framework Quiz
    Which Quadrant is most important?


              •A
              •B
              •C
              •D
                                        49
Routes to High Rigor and Relevance

                                Pinnacle
                               of High R/R
                            Adaptive Learning




                                   Add High RR Task




   Low R/R Quadrant A - Acquisition Learning

                                                      50

   Dick Jones, ICLE, 2010
     R&R Framework ...
   A Useful Tool to Design
•Instructional Plans
•Assessment
•Instructional Strategies


                            51
 Rigor/Relevance - Instruction
               Key Elements
• Anchored in standards
• Backwards Design – “Begin with the End in
  Mind”
• Alignment of Instruction and Assessment
• Student-centered
• Naturally Differentiated


                                        52
53
Strategies
 “There are no best teaching
strategies, only strategies that
   are most appropriate for
  expected level of rigor and
          relevance”

                            55
Instructional Strategies for Rigor
          and Relevance
•   Brainstorming              • MemorizationPresentations/Ex
•   Cooperative Learning         hibitionsResearch Problem-
•   Demonstration                based learningProject
•   Guided Practice              DesignSimulation/Role-playing
•   Inquiry                      Socratic SeminarTeacher
•   Instructional Technology     Questions Work-based
•   Lecture                      Learning
•   Note-taking/Graphic
    Organizers




                                                    56
More Instructional Strategies for
     Rigor and Relevance
• Artistic Expression          • Manipulatives and Models
• Compare and Contrast           Physical Movement
• Digital Media Production       PlayService Learning
• Feedback and Reflection        Storytelling Summarizing
• Games                          Teaching Others Test
• Instructional Technology –     Preparation Video Writing to
  Any-time                       Learn
• Instructional Technology –
  Real-time
• Learning Centers
• Logical and Independent
  Thinking


                                                     57
Selection of
 Strategies
 Based on
   Rigor/
 Relevance
Framework




               58
Selection of
 Strategies
 Based on
   Rigor/
 Relevance
Framework




               59
"Never let your expectations be
  limited by what you think is
           possible."

       Benjamin Bloom
What does Quadrant D
      look like?
Kennesaw Mountain




                    62
"Education ceases to be learning
    when the 3 R's are read,
  remember, and regurgitate."
             D-Moments
Teach everyday for
rigor and relevance.
          D-Moments
•Short strategies within a daily
 lesson to increase student
 thinking and application into
 Quadrant D of the R/R
 Framework.

                              65
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance:
          Quadrant D-Moments

• Short strategies within a daily lesson to increase
  student thinking and application into Quadrant D
  of the R/R Framework.
• Dispels perception that High Rigor/High
  Relevance takes more time.




                                              66
 Everyday
Teaching for
 Rigor and
Relevance -
Quadrant D
 Moments



               67
              D Moments
• Around You            • Learning with PeersLego
• At Your Service         LandMedia
• Can You See it Now?     CircusOriginal
• Current Events          AnswersQuick WritesQuiz
                          ShowRemind MeTell Me A
• Fix It
                          StoryWhat If?Why
• Future Think            Questions
• Google It
• How Did That Happen?
• In Your Own Words
• Justify Your Position

                                        68
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments




  Around You
                                  • Connecting content to
                                      student’s world
                                  •   Relating literature to
                                      their lives.
                                  •   Use mathematical skills
                                      with data students
                                      collect
                                  •   Making emotional
                                      connections to learning
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments

  At Your
  Service
                                  • Short service projects
                                      that relate to curriculum
                                  •   Students working in
                                      teams to help others
                                  •   Creating student work
                                      that benefits others
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments

  Can You
  See it Now?
                                  • Creating visuals or
                                      models that illustrate
                                      complex ideas
                                  •   Making scale models of
                                      very large or very small
                                      objects to better
                                      understand them
                                  •   Role-playing
                                      instructional concepts
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments

  Current
  Events
                                  • Relate content to current
                                      events
                                  •   Use sports and other
                                      popular events as
                                      context for math,
                                      science or language
                                      skills
                                  •   Relate geography to
                                      events in the world
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments




  Fix It
                                  • Spend time having
                                      students learn from
                                      mistakes - their own and
                                      others.
                                  •   Make mistakes “learning
                                      opportunities”
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments




  Future Think
                                  • Ask students to make
                                      future predictions
                                  •   Ask students to predict
                                      the ending to a story or
                                      suggest and alternative
                                  •   Predict future inventions
                                  •   Write science fiction
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments




  Google It
                                  • Use Internet search
                                      engines to find answers
                                      to related questions
                                  •   Assign “knowledge
                                      seekers”
                                  •   Practice advanced
                                      search techniques with
                                      Google tools
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments

  How Did That
  Happen?
                                  • Trigger student curiosity
                                  • Pose intriguing
                                      investigations
                                  •   Highlight conflicting
                                      observations
                                  •   Create student research
                                      questions
                                  •   Analyze story changes
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments

  In Your Own
  Words
                                  • Challenge students to
                                      summarize
                                  •   Avoid repeating exact
                                      words but explaining in
                                      similar words
                                  •   Check for understanding
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments



  Justify Your
  Position                        • Challenge students to
                                      take position on an
                                      issue and develop a
                                      justification
                                  •   Ask students to take
                                      deliberate differing
                                      points of view
                                  •   Role play different
                                      perspectives
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments

  Learning
  with Peers
                                  • Reflect on new learning
                                      in pairs
                                  •   Tutor others
                                  •   Arrange for joint
                                      presentations
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments




  Lego Land
                                  • Use Legos or other
                                      building materials to
                                      construct visual
                                      representation of ideas
                                      prior to writing.
                                  •   Reflect on emotions with
                                      construction materials
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments

  Media
  Circus
                                  • Relate curriculum to
                                      current movies, TV or
                                      music
                                  •   Have students use
                                      media to present ideas
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments

  Original
  Answers
                                  • Instead of seeking
                                    students to arrive at
                                    correct answer, use
                                    open-ended problems
                                    for student to arrive at
                                    original answers.
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments

  Quick
  Writes
                                  • Short 3-5 minute writing
                                      exercises
                                  •   Use for checking for
                                      understanding
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments




  Quiz Show
                                  • Have student create
                                      appropriate questions
                                      based on knowledge of
                                      content
                                  •   Create game shows
                                      questions for other
                                      students
                                  •   Create and pose
                                      questions to one
                                      another
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments




  Remind Me
                                  • Have students create
                                    memorization tools to
                                    recall essential facts and
                                    information
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments

  Tell Me A
  Story
                                  • Convey information to
                                      students in story form
                                  •   Have students create
                                      stories to remember
                                      important ideas
                                  •   Have students create
                                      stories to influence
                                      others
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments




  What If?                        • Change variables in
                                      math problems to extend
                                      student learning
                                  •   Change characters in
                                      story or events to have
                                      student analyze changes
                                  •   Change historical events
                                      and have students
                                      predict what would be
                                      different today
Everyday Teaching for Rigor and Relevance: Quadrant D Moments



  Why
  Questions                       • Have students pose
                                      questions to analyze
                                      observations
                                  •   Have students “dig” to
                                      root causes but asking
                                      repeated why questions.
              D Moments
• Around You            • Learning with PeersLego
• At Your Service         LandMedia
• Can You See it Now?     CircusOriginal
• Current Events          AnswersQuick WritesQuiz
                          ShowRemind MeTell Me A
• Fix It
                          StoryWhat If?Why
• Future Think            Questions
• Google It
• How Did That Happen?
• In Your Own Words
• Justify Your Position

                                        89
Benefits of Using the R/R
      Framework
Tool for collaboration and reflection
Inclusive
Shift focus to student learning
Increased student engagement
Prepare for Next-Generation
Assessments
Framework for selecting strategies and
assessments
                                        90

				
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