PowerPoint Presentation - SURREALISM by dffhrtcv3

VIEWS: 90 PAGES: 17

									SURREALISM

   Art I - Photoshop Project
SURREALISM – A style of art and literature developed principally in the 20th century, in
which fantastic visual imagery from the subconscious mind is used with no intention of making
the artwork logically comprehensible.


Surrealist Art: * Involves fantasy & dreams        * Is illogical
* Stresses the subconscious           * Automatism        * Demented sense of humor

When: 1924 – 1950s (between World Wars I and II) Where: Europe


What: Developed the technique of automatism- allow your subconscious mind
                                                          to take over in your art.

Who: Founded in 1924 by poet and critic Andre Breton:

        - who published The Surrealist Manifesto: join the world of fantasy to the
everyday rational world in “an absolute reality, a surreality.”

         - Breton adapted the theories of Sigmund Freud- dream analysis
                           the unconscious is the wellspring of the imagination.
The Artists:

                         Georgio de Chirico
                                          Greek/Italian/Painter/Sculptor

 Salvador Dali
       Spanish Painter
                                                 Max Ernst
                                                     German/French Painter



       Rene Magritte
               Belgium Painter

                                          Joan Miro
                                                 Spanish Painter/Sculptor
       Man Ray
          American Photographer/Painter
Georgio de Chirico                                                              1888 – 1978
         Greek/Italian Painter/Sculptor




                            - produced a series of cityscapes
                                which are clean, crisp and strange

 - the buildings are lit from the side so that the shadows are cast

 - small figures produce a feeling of loneliness and despair

 - often an unexplained shadow creeps in from the side

 - vast spaces create a sensation of impending doom

                                                                      The Nostalgia of the Infinite
                                                                                  1911
Georgio de Chirico                                                                                1888 – 1978
        Greek/Italian Painter/Sculptor
                                                                         "Try the veal. It's the best in the city."




     “All you touch and all you see, is all your life will ever be..."




                                                                         Las musas disturbadoras
                                                                         1925
 Salvador Dali                                                                               1904 - 1989
           Spanish Painter


• Uses bizarre and grotesque images.

• Some call him a “Madman”


• Created own theory of automatism called ‘critical paranoia’-
            to paint or draw using critical paranoia, you might stare at the patterns in a rock until you imagine
a figure or scene emerge from the designs. Then draw or paint that scene while you consciously set aside
your understanding that the scene is really a rock.


The art of automatism and critical paranoia often depict hallucinations of the
subconscious mind.
Salvador Dali                                                                    1904 – 1989
        Spanish Painter



                                         - Dali painted eerie worlds with everyday objects




    The Persistence of Memory, 1931


  - decay and death are symbolized by a dead tree
            and a strange sea monster decomposing

  - the limp watch indicates that someone has the power
     to twist time as he or she sees fit.                           Meditative Rose, 1958


  - meaning: in time, everything will die and decay except
                       time itself

                                         - the meaning in his other works are not always clear
Salvador Dali                                             1904 – 1989
      Spanish Painter
                        Dali’s Bust of Voltaire shows the double image –

                        -created using his ‘critical paranoia’ method.

                        The figures in the slave market form the features of
                         the bust of Voltaire while the negative space of an
                        arch in the background creates Voltaire’s head.




\




                                   The Dream
 Max Ernst                                                                       1891 – 1976
   German/French Painter



                                                                                   Barbarians




                       - as a child, Ernst was intrigued by pictures painted by mental patients

- one of Ernst’s investigations was frottage –
                                          a technique based on randomness, similar to automatism.

- Ernst, whose name had been blacklisted by the Nazis in 1933, and interned in a number of
          French concentration camps

- In 1941, a police inspector at the French-Spanish border post, admiring many of the paintings
          found in the artist’s luggage, allowed him to escape the German army.

                   - Ernst eventually found his way to the United States
Max Ernst                             1891 – 1976
 German/French Painter




       Opedipus Rex, 1922


                            Ubu Imperator, 1924
Rene Magritte                                                       1898 – 1967
      Belgian Painter




                    - painted absurd combinations
                      of realistically painted objects

                   - his work raises more questions
                      than answers

                        - witty artwork




                                                         Time Transfixed, 1939
Rene Magritte                                                 1898 – 1967
         Belgian Painter




                                   Man in the Gray Overcoat


                           -this painting is the closest Magritte
                             was willing to come to answer a
                             request of a self portrait.
   The Therapist, 1937
                           - the viewer is left with a sense of
                           mystery.
Joan Miro                                                                        1893 – 1983
    Spanish Painter/Sculptor




His work is characterized as psychic automatism -
                                           an expression of the subconscious in free form.

By 1930 he had developed a lyrical style distinguished by the use of brilliant color and the
playful juxtaposition of delicate lines with abstract, often amoebic shapes.

Miro drew on many different aspects of his psyche to create, those being fantasy, memory, and
the irrational to create works that are now world renowned.

His works sometimes have a humorous or even whimsical quality about them.
Joan Miro                                                               1893 – 1983
    Spanish Painter/Sculptor
                                            - among the first “Surrealist” paintings

                                            - painted misty world of dreams and half
                                                     forgotten memories




             Carnival of Harlequin




- The shapes are suggestive of people and animals

- His biomorphic shapes seem to float on a soft
 background and overlap to creates new shapes.
Man Ray                                                  1890 – 1976
        American Photographer/Painter




- the only American artist in the Surrealist movement

- In 1921, he invented Rayographs - of objects exposed
                             on light-sensitive paper.
                                   VOCABULARY

SURREALISM – A style of art and literature developed principally in the 20th century, in which
fantastic visual imagery from the subconscious mind is used with no intention of making the
artwork logically comprehensible.




‘critical paranoia’ - Dali’s own theory of automatism



frottage – a technique, invented by Ernst, based on randomness and similar to automatism.



Automatism – an expression of the subconscious in free form utilized by many Surrealist artists.



Rayographs – Man Ray’s technique of exposing objects onto light-sensitive paper.
The End

   Any questions?

								
To top