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					         Schindler’s List
        Long Take
   A shot which focuses on something or
    someone for longer than the rest of the film is
    emphasising a character and allows the
    audience to become more involved
   Examples:
       Schindler’s badge
       Star of David bands
       Gold teeth
       Dead girl in the red coat
      Subjective Camera Angle
   View things from a particular person’s
   When we follow someone’s gaze
   Makes us sympathise with them and to
    understand their thoughts
   Examples:
     Massacre in ghetto where we see Schindler
      follow the girl
     View Schindler from wife’s perspective
      Camera Position
   In front – helps us feel intimacy as if they are
    looking/talking to us (Stern cries at end)
   Behind – mysterious and diminishes
    sympathy (Schindler at beginning)
   Below – makes them appear dominant (First
    image of Schindler’s face in club)
   Above – makes them look small (Schindler,
    when his wife looks at him)
      Distance of shot
   Close up – where the image is focused on in
    detail (can suggest importance, sympathy)
   Extreme close up – not all of the image is in
    the frame, (can feel claustrophobic)
   Long shot – can make the person seem small
      Parallel Editing
   Where two scenes occur at the same time and
    are interwoven with each other
   Illuminates the stark difference between the
   Examples:
     Jews forced out of their home and the
       comfort of Schindler
     Goeth and Schindler before the massacre in
       the ghetto
   Used to create mood
   Low lighting to suggest something dark and
     Example: opening scene where the family
   Lighting from above highlights importance
    of character
     Example: when we first meet Schindler
   Music – throughout is sombre, created
    through use of strings (emotive sound)
   Sound from within the film such as the train at
    the beginning and the crying baby at the
    entrance of the ghetto
      Black and White
   Colour intensifies emotion, so Spielberg’s
    lack of colour, particularly in the violent
    scenes, allows him to be explicit without
    becoming tastelessly graphic and gory
   Adds to our sense of watching something real,
    a past historical documentary
   Also suggests the dark and grim world the
    characters inhabit
   Only a handful of colour scenes in this film
   Highlights key scenes
   Colour is used to symbolise hope and
    innocence through the candles and the little
    girl in red coat
   Design of set – authentic historical props such
    as typewriters
   Almost all in winter – bleak and cold
   Camps are muddy as we see when the Jews
    are forced to run in mud during selection
   Close up of their feet running in mud
   Focus on wire to remind us of their
   Real place names give to give credibility
      Other Techniques
   Structure – optimistic hopeful conclusion
   Dialogue – look at what the characters say to
    reflect theme and characterisation
   Motifs – (symbols) names and lists used to
    reveal the way in which Jews were

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