Emerging Modernism

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					Emerging Modernism: 1901-1950
Politics and the changing world

                  ●   Edward VII became
                      king of England
                  ●   England remained the
                      dominant political,
                      economic, and military
                      power until WWI
                  ●   The Triple Entente of
                      England, France and
                      Russia was formed in
                      1907
World War I

●   Was precipitated by the
    assassination of Arch-
    Duke Ferdinand in
    June 1914 by a Serbian
    nationalist
●   Austria declared war
    on Serbia
●   Russia supported
    Serbia and Germany
    gave support to Austria
WWI continued

                ●   Germany then declared
                    war on Russia and
                    France
                ●   Germany's invasion on
                    neutral Belgium led
                    England into the war.
                ●   Germany's
                    advancement westward
                    was halted at the First
                    Battle of the Marne in
                    1914
WWI Continued

                ●   Both sides dug in and
                    “trench warfare” began
                ●   In 1917, there was a
                    revolution in Russia.
                ●   The moderate
                    government was
                    replaced soon after the
                    revolt by a Communist
                    state.
WWI Concluded

●   Russia pulled out of
    WWI
●   By then, US had
    entered the war
●   Germany had to sue for
    peace
●   The Treaty of
    Versailles was created
●   The League of Nations
    was also formed
Aftermath of the War

●   Britain acquired many     ●   England lost over
    German colonies in            750,000 to the war.
    Africa                    ●   Twice that many
●   England became                wounded
    “trustee” of large        ●   Halfway through the
    chunks of the Middle          war, due to the large
    East that had been part       number killed or
    of the Turkish Empire         wounded, England set
    (an ally of Germany)          in compulsory military
                                  service
Literature and Language

                 ●   In the 20th century, the
                     English language
                     increasingly reflected
                     the fads and fancies of
                     popular culture
                 ●   Modern warfare
                     generated new words
                     such as: blimp,
                     camouflage, radar and
                     blitz
Language and literature

●   American pop culture
    influenced the English
    language heavily
    though there were still
    some differences
●   The beginning of the
    20th century-known as
    the Edwardian era-the
    major literary
    movements from the
    previous period
    flourished
Literature

             ●   Due to growing Irish
                 nationalism, a
                 movement called the
                 Irish Literary
                 Renaissance happened
             ●   This renewed interest
                 in the Celtic myths and
                 legends of Ireland's
                 past
Literature

●   Modernists stressed
    innovation as they
    attempted to create a
    literature for a new age
●   T.S. Elliot and William
    Butler Yeats
    abandoned the
    traditional patterns of
    stanza and meter for
    the more natural flow
    of Free Verse
Literature   ●   Psychology had a large
                 influence on many
                 writers
             ●   James Joyce and
                 Virginia Woolf used a
                 style called 'Stream of
                 Consciousness'
             ●   This was a narrative
                 technique that attempts
                 to depict the leaps and
                 associations of the
                 human mind
Literature   ●   The excitement of
                 early Modernism was
                 crushed when World
                 War I happened
             ●   Many pieces in the
                 aftermath of the war
                 reflected a bleak and
                 fragmented view on
                 society
             ●   With the 1930s and 40s
                 and World War II,
                 many writers again
                 focused on social
                 issues

				
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posted:8/20/2012
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