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Queen Elizabeth I Queen Elizabeth_ the first_ proved to be a very

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Queen Elizabeth I Queen Elizabeth_ the first_ proved to be a very Powered By Docstoc
					Queen Elizabeth I Queen Elizabeth, the first, proved to be a very good and loyal monarch
to England. She brought about many changes, both good and bad. On September 7, 1533
a baby girl came into the world. Back then many parents would have been greatly
disappointed to have had a baby girl, rather then a boy. However these parents were glad
by the birth of their first child together. These proud parents were the king and queen of
England, King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. The girl child was named Elizabeth. The
only reason for the birth of Elizabeth had been that she would have been male so that he
could have been the heir to King Henry the VIII. It wasn’t until two years
later that Henry realized he wasn’t going to get a healthy male heir from
Anne Boleyn. She had miscarried twice before delivering a stillborn son. When Elizabeth
was two her father had her mother beheaded for adultery and treason, this was just a way
to rid himself of her rather then get a divorce. This was not Henry’s first
wife; this was his second wife. His first wife had also born him a female child. He had
divorced her in hopes that he would get an heir from Anne. With his first wife, Catherine,
he had a daughter, which they named Mary. Between the time of Elizabeth’s
mothers death and 1537 Henry married yet again. The woman was named Jane Seymour
and she cared greatly for Elizabeth. She forced Henry to take Elizabeth back into the
house, as it was, Elizabeth had been sent away for schooling and whatnot. In 1537
Elizabeth’s new stepmother, Jane Seymour, gave birth to a son, the birth of
this son however brought about the death of Jane from bed fever. The child was named
Edward.

     Once Edward had been born Elizabeth faded into the background, everyday
receiving less and less attention. From the time Edward was born Elizabeth spent a lot of
time with him. Growing up they were very close, they spent all of their spare time
together. The only real time that the two of them were apart was when it came to
schooling. She received her education under the famous scholar and humanist Roger
Ascham. Under his guidance, Elizabeth studied Greek and Roman classics, read history
and theology, and learned both classical and modern languages. She was considered
extremely intelligent, and records say that, in her youth, she spoke six languages. In 1547
Henry VIII died. At the age of fourteen Edward became King Edward VI. He died only
six short years later. Elizabeth’s older half-sister, Mary Tudor came to the
throne. Mary, who was Catholic, earned the nickname "Bloody Mary".
During the time that Bloody Mary was at the throne she married Philip of Spain, soon to
be Philip the second. However Parliament blocked his accession to the English throne.
She burned many Protestants at the stake. When rebels wanted to place Elizabeth on the
throne Queen Mary had her arrested and sent to the Tower of London and later on to
Woodstock. She remained imprisoned for five years until Mary, near death, named
Elizabeth her successor. On March 17, 1558, the last Tudor monarch of England
ascended the throne.
      Elizabeth initially did not want to face the heated conflict between the Catholics and
Protestants in England. However Mary Stuart forced her to. The Catholic Mary, queen of
Scotland, was the grandniece of Henry VIII and the next in line to the throne. Accused of
murdering her second husband, Henry Stuart Darnley, Mary fled to England to escape a
rebellion in Scotland. Many European and English Catholics plotted to put her on the
throne. To protect her crown, Elizabeth had her cousin Mary Placed under house arrest in
1567. Meanwhile, Elizabeth’s throne was threatened from the outside forces.
Philip II, who became ruler of Spain and its empire in 1556, sought to control the world.
England and many other European countries were jealous of Spain’s riches,
especially in the New World. Elizabeth allowed her seamen to raid Spanish ships on the
high seas. Between 1557 and 1580, Francis Drake sailed around the world, becoming the
first man, after Francis Magellan to do so. On his trip he ravaged Spanish settlements in
South America, returning to England with 1,000,000 in treasure. Elizabeth knighted him
aboard his ship, the Golden Hind, worsening already tense relations between Protestants
England and catholic Spain. During the 1580’s, Elizabeth began to harshly
persecute Catholics in England. She sent hundreds to their deaths. Many felt the horrors
of the wrack, the manacles, and the Scavenger’s daughter. The
Scavenger’s Daughter was an iron hoop that brought a victim’s
hands, head, and feet together into a tight ball until he or she was crushed. One of the
reasons for the persecutions was a series of Catholic plots to murder Elizabeth and
replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots. Finally, in 1586, Mary’s part in
these plots were proven and she was beheaded the following February.

     Mary’s death was the final blow to the English- Spanish relations.
Philip II declared war. In July 1588, a huge navy fleet, the Spanish Armada, set sail for
England. The English navy led by Francis Drake and Martin Frobisher, rose to meet the
armada in a nine- day battle. The smaller, quicker English ships easily outmaneuvered the
Spanish galleons, but could not move close enough to attack. The Spaniards, however,
made the mistake one night of anchoring their entire fleet, and the English sent a
squadron of flaming ships into the anchored vessels. Scared, the armada cut
it’s lines and fled to open waters. Chased by the English the Spanish tried to
sail north around the British Isles. However storm after storm pounded the armada and
about half the fleet was lost. Their war continued for fifteen years. The Spaniards could
not overcome the English.

     Elizabeth’s reign after the defeat of the armada was beset by troubles.
Her control over her country’s religious, political, and economic
problem’s, as well as her presentation of herself, began to show severe
strains. Bad harvests, inflation, and unemployment caused by the loss of public morale.
Corruption and greed led to wide spread popular hatred for Elizabeth’s
favorites, to whom she had given lucrative and much resented monopolies. By the turn of
the century, even her admirers, such as Sir Walter Raleigh, said she was "a lady
surprised by time". Queen Elizabeth had never married and had never born any
children this brought about the nicknames such as Good Queen Bess, and The Virgin
Queen. Oftentimes poets compared her to the Moon Goddess, to a Virgin and Fertility
Goddess, the bringer of justice, and the cornerstone of the Empire. Painters portrayed her
in impossible magnificence and with the symbols of peace, virtue, majesty, and truth.
During Elizabeth’s reign there was a boom of the arts that would be
impossible for almost any other period of English history to match. Edmund Spencer,
Christopher Marlowe, William Shakespeare, and Ben Johnson are great names not only
in English literature, but also in World literature. The English Renaissance was a
highlight that appeared bloody, dark, and dreary. Elizabeth’s reign was and
still is sometimes referred to as the Elizabethan Period. Shortly before Queen Elizabeth
died on March 24, 1603, she designated James VI of Scotland as her successor.


Keywords:

queen elizabeth queen elizabeth first proved very good loyal monarch england brought
about many changes both good september baby girl came into world back then many
parents would have been greatly disappointed have baby girl rather then however these
parents were glad birth their first child together these proud parents were king queen
england king henry viii anne boleyn girl child named elizabeth only reason birth been that
would have been male that could heir king henry viii wasn until years later that henry
realized wasn going healthy male heir from anne boleyn miscarried twice before
delivering stillborn when father mother beheaded adultery treason this just himself rather
then divorce this first wife this second wife wife also born female child divorced hopes
would heir from anne with catherine daughter which they named mary between time
mothers death married again woman named jane seymour cared greatly forced take back
into house sent away schooling whatnot stepmother jane seymour gave birth however
brought about death jane from fever edward once edward born faded into background
everyday receiving less less attention time edward born spent time with growing they
were very close they spent their spare together only real them apart when came schooling
received education under famous scholar humanist roger ascham under guidance studied
greek roman classics read history theology learned both classical modern languages
considered extremely intelligent records youth spoke languages viii died fourteen became
died only short years later older half sister mary tudor came throne mary catholic earned
nickname quot bloody quot during bloody throne married philip spain soon philip second
however parliament blocked accession english throne burned many protestants stake
when rebels wanted place arrested sent tower london later woodstock remained
imprisoned five years until near death successor march last tudor monarch england
ascended initially want face heated conflict between catholics protestants stuart forced
catholic scotland grandniece next line accused murdering second husband stuart darnley
fled escape rebellion scotland european english catholics plotted protect crown cousin
placed under house arrest meanwhile threatened outside forces philip became ruler spain
empire sought control world other european countries jealous spain riches especially
world allowed seamen raid spanish ships high seas between francis drake sailed around
becoming after francis magellan trip ravaged spanish settlements south america returning
with treasure knighted aboard ship golden hind worsening already tense relations
protestants catholic during began harshly persecute catholics sent hundreds their deaths
felt horrors wrack manacles scavenger daughter scavenger daughter iron hoop brought
victim hands head feet together tight ball until crushed reasons persecutions series plots
murder replace scots finally part these plots proven beheaded following february final
blow english spanish relations declared july huge navy fleet armada sail navy francis
drake martin frobisher rose meet armada nine battle smaller quicker ships easily
outmaneuvered galleons could move close enough attack spaniards made mistake night
anchoring entire fleet squadron flaming ships anchored vessels scared armada lines fled
open waters chased tried sail north around british isles storm after storm pounded about
half fleet lost continued fifteen spaniards could overcome reign after defeat beset troubles
control over country religious political economic problem well presentation herself began
show severe strains harvests inflation unemployment caused loss public morale
corruption greed wide spread popular hatred favorites whom given lucrative much
resented monopolies turn century even admirers such walter raleigh said quot lady
surprised never married never children nicknames such good bess virgin oftentimes poets
compared moon goddess virgin fertility goddess bringer justice cornerstone empire
painters portrayed impossible magnificence symbols peace virtue majesty truth during
reign there boom arts impossible almost other period history match edmund spencer
christopher marlowe william shakespeare johnson great names literature also literature
renaissance highlight appeared bloody dark dreary reign still sometimes referred
elizabethan period shortly before died march designated james scotland successor


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