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Theory

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					Theory
            What is Theory?
   Theory is not reality.
   Theory is our best effort at describing
    reality.
   Theory is a worldview, a paradigm, a
    philosophy, a way of understanding
    reality.
   How well can we see or describe reality?
   Elephant, dog - animals
         Classifications of Theory
   Macrotheory - generalizable
       Closed Systems theory
       Open Systems theory
       Anti-positivism
       Most generalizable
   Macrotheory – less generalizable
       Specific Macrotheories
          Machine theory
          Human Relations Theory

          Structuralist theory
         Classifications of Theory

   Microtheory
       Even more specific theories
          Transformational Leadership –James Burns
          Situational Leadership – Hersey & Blanchard

       Less generalizable
   Topics
       What theories are about – their subject
        matter
            Typology For This Text
 Pre-20th     Spencer’s Social       Open       Open Systems
 Century        Darwinism          (Part Two)   • Contingency
                                                  theory
             Machine Theory                     Anti-Positivist
  Closed
              • Scientific         (Part Three) • Strategic Choice
(Part One)
                 Management                     • Population
              • Bureaucracy                       Ecology
              • Administration                  • Culture theory
                 Theory                         • Critical theory
             Human Relations                    • Institutionalism
               • Human Relations                • Complexity
               Structuralism – a                  theory
               Transitional
                 Theory

				
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posted:8/20/2012
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