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					Objectives
How to Write Effective
Objectives
Objective
• Upon completion of this
  presentation, you will be able to:
  – write effective objectives.
Guiding Questions for LZHS
• What do we want students to learn?
• How will we know that students have
  learned it?
• How will we respond when students
  don’t learn?
• How will we respond when students
  already know it?

  – Course objectives help us answer the
    first question and guide us in
    developing assessments to answer
    the second.
Benefits for Students

• Clarity of destination
  – Learning objectives are brief
    descriptions of specific things a
    learner will know or be able to do.
  – Students will understand
    expectations.
  – Assessment and grading are based on
    the objectives.
Purpose of Objectives
• Learning objectives put the focus
  on the student and learning rather
  than the teacher and teaching
  methods.
• Objectives answer:
  – What should students learn?
  – What is worth learning?
  – What are the key competencies of the
    course?
  – What is the level of the course?
How to Write an Objective
• The objective should describe what the
  learner will be able to do after a period
  of learning.
• For the objective to be achieved, there
  must be a demonstrated behavior on the
  part of the learner.
• Objectives should:
  – be written in the terms of the learner
     • What will the learner be able to do after
       instruction?
  – identify the desired behavior by name and
    specify observable behavior
     • It must be possible to assess the activity in some
       way.
How to Write an Objective
• Objectives should:
  – have a measurable, action verb
     • Verbs tell the student what is to be
       accomplished.
     • Verbs tell the teacher what to look for to
       see if the student has accomplished what
       the teacher specified.
  – contain criteria for success or
    competency.
How to Write an Objective
• Step 1: Pick an action verb from the
  list provided by Bloom’s
  Taxonomy.
  – The level of thinking you want from a
    student in an assignment is based on
    the level from which you select the
    verb to use.
• Step 2: Complete the sentence.
  – The more understandable the
    sentence, the greater the chance that
    the student will do what is intended.
Example
 – Step 1: Pick an action verb from the
   list provided by Bloom’s Taxonomy
   • List (from the Knowledge level of
     Bloom’s Taxonomy)
 – Step 2: Complete the sentence.
   • the parts of the IPDE process
 – Objective:
   • List the parts of the IPDE process.
Example
 – Step 1: Pick an action verb from the
   list provided by Bloom’s Taxonomy
   • Translate (from the Comprehension level
     of Bloom’s Taxonomy)
 – Step 2: Complete the sentence.
   • the words in a sentence.
 – Objective:
   • Translate the words in a sentence.
Example
 – Step 1: Pick an action verb from the
   list provided by Bloom’s Taxonomy
   • Dramatize (from the Application level of
     Bloom’s Taxonomy)
 – Step 2: Complete the sentence.
   • a scene from Romeo and Juliet.
 – Objective:
   • Dramatize a scene from Romeo and
     Juliet.
Example
 – Step 1: Pick an action verb from the
   list provided by Bloom’s Taxonomy
   • Compare (from the Analysis level of
     Bloom’s Taxonomy)
 – Step 2: Complete the sentence.
   • the Holocaust to the genocide in Darfur.
 – Objective:
   • Compare the Holocaust to the genocide
     in Darfur.
Example
 – Step 1: Pick an action verb from the
   list provided by Bloom’s Taxonomy
   • Design (from the Synthesis level of
     Bloom’s Taxonomy)
 – Step 2: Complete the sentence.
   • an experiment to test Newton’s Third
     Law of Motion.
 – Objective:
   • Design an experiment to test Newton’s
     Third Law of Motion.
Example
 – Step 1: Pick an action verb from the
   list provided by Bloom’s Taxonomy
   • Rate (from the Evaluation level of
     Bloom’s Taxonomy)
 – Step 2: Complete the sentence.
   • the works of art in their use of
     complementary colors.
 – Objective:
   • Rate the works of art in their use of
     complementary colors.
Benefits of Effective Objectives

• Students can be in control when
  they know what objective they are
  responsible to learn and how it will
  be assessed.
• When effective objectives are used,
  we create continual learners that
  are responsible, caring citizens in a
  global community.

				
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posted:8/19/2012
language:English
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