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trash for cash

VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 20

									                                       Jewish Foundation
                                       School
www.nstep-online.org                   400 Caswell Avenue
Techxplore 2008-2009                   Staten Island,
Sponsored by the National              New York 10314
Science and Technology                 Ms. Cucciniello
Education Partnership (NSTEP)




                   Presentation by
                   Sophia Weinstock
                   Rachel Waldman
                   Yosef Weintraub
         Mentored by Roger Slykhouse - GM motors
Table of Contents
• Slides 3-5 Trash For Cash’s biographies
• Slide 6 our problem.
• Slides 7-8 information about Fresh Kills
  Landfill
• Slides 9- 10 Wind Turbines
• Slides 11-12 Methane Extractor
• slides 13-15 Plasma Converter
• Slide 16 Best Solution
• Slide 17 Mentor Biography
• Slide 18 interaction with Mentor
• Slide 19 Jobs and Lessons Learned
• Slide 20 Bibliography
 Sophia Weinstock
• I am thirteen years old and attend the
  Jewish Foundation School of Staten Island.
• My hobbies are dancing, singing, acting,
  reading and playing various sports except
  basketball. I also love musicals.
• My favorite subjects in school are Social
  Studies and Science. However, I like
  American history and genetics the best.
• My favorite books are All American Girl by
  Meg Cabot and the Twilight Saga by
  Stephenie Meyer.
• My favorite movie is Grease.
• I participated in twice in the International
  Virtual Science Competition. My team one
  second place the first time.
  Rachel Waldman
• I am thirteen years old and attend
  the Jewish Foundation School of
  Staten Island.
• I have one sister Rebecca and two
  brothers Benjamin and Joseph.
• I am currently on the school
  basketball team. I also like to play
  other sports like baseball, soccer,
  ice skating, volleyball, and tennis.
• In my free time I am usually hang out
  with my friends or siblings
• My favorite books are the Twilight
  Saga by Stephenie Meyer. I like to
  read but not all books interest me.
• I speak three languages. Hebrew,
  English, and Russian.
Yosef Weintraub

•  I am thirteen years old and
  attend the Jewish
  Foundation School.
• I have two younger sisters,
  Rachel and Estie
• I like playing basketball,
  and baseball. I also like to
  play the guitar and piano.
• I am currently on the school
  basketball team.
What can we do on Fresh Kills
landfill in Staten island, new York
that would be useful?

        Solutions
1} Methane Extractor
2}Plasma Converter
3}Add Wind Turbines
Fresh Kills Landfill
      Fresh Kills Landfill opened in 1948, it became the biggest heap of
garbage in history. Everyday 650 tons of garbage was dumped there.
It’s volume exceeded the Great Wall of China and was taller than the
Statue of Liberty. Finally because, of the Environmental Protection
Agency it was closed down on March 22, 2001. After 9/11 it was
reopened because, they had no where else to put the debris of the twin
towers. It is given the name Fresh Kills because, of its location along
the banks of Fresh Kills estuary. The waste disposed there most likely
contains numerous hazardous chemicals. The chemicals enter the
environment in different ways, gasses are released into the air polluting
the air in surrounding areas and gasses get absorb in to the ground.
Thus, polluting underground water.
      It is now being transformed into a park but, there’s still toxic
debris leftover that is buried under ground. That is dangerous because
is spreads out into underground pipes. When we wash our hands we
could be washing them with toxic waste.
      It would be a shame to let all this land and natural gasses go to
waste. That is why we came up with these three solutions
Fresh Kills Landfill
Adding Wind Turbines
 The Fresh Kills location was tested and proven suitable for a wind
    farm. This location is well suited for wind turbines because,
    there is a constant strong westerly wind.
 Fresh Kills could fit seven 400 foot wind turbines since it is so
    large. Which could generate 17.5 mega watts of energy,
    enough to power 5,000 homes., approximately $210,000. It
    would take 4.3 million gallons of oil to attain this electrical
    production which, is equal to 3% of Staten Island’s energy use.
Adding Wind Turbines
The turbines would cost approximately:
                                  2.5 KW System

                     Windmill System configuration                           Price (US$)

                  2.5 KW Mechanical Power Turbine                            5 525.00
                       2.5 KW Alternator/Generator                             2 250.00
                                     2.5 KW Inverter                           2 250.00
                                    2.5 KW Controller                          1 260.00
                                  10 6V/240A                                   1 590.00
                                               Deep Cycle Batteries




                             Installation Hardware                       1 500-2 000.00
             Amount per systems                                       14 375.00-14 875.00

             Total for 7 Systems                                       $101,500.00

How a wind turbine works
Wind turbines change kinetic energy in the wind into
   mechanical power. A generator converts the
   mechanical energy into electricity. The wind turns the
   blades, which spin a shaft, which connects to a
   generator and makes electricity.
Methane Extractor
As garbage decomposes it produces methane.
  Methane is a colorless, flammable gas that can
  be used as fuel. Our idea is to place a pipes in
  the tightly packed decomposing garbage to
  suck up the methane. Then the methane will
  be transported to the blower station. The
  blower station will remove any residual water.
  After this the gas will be pumped to residents
  on Staten Island. Any unused gas is burned off
  in the “flare”.
This will cost approximately 3.8 million dollars.
  However, within a decade it should pay for it
  self and could possibly bring in hundred of
  thousand dollars a year. This could bring in
  enough fuel for approximately 10,000 hybrid
  vehicles.
Methane Extractor
Plasma Converter
Hazardous and non-hazardous
   solids, liquids and gases
   would be put in a plasma
   converter. The converter
   can either convert the
   garbage to plasma or
   valuable metals. After the
   transition is complete you
   can use the plasma for:
1. Fuel for electric generators
2. Fuel for heating and
   cooling
3. Chemicals for plastics
4. Fuel to produce fresh water
5. Fuel for cell activity
     Plasma Converter
• The Staten Island Landfill
  plasma converter could be model
  after Star Tech’s Plasma
  Converter.
• This plasma converter would
  cost $250 million per converter.
  It would pay for it self over the
  coarse of 10 years.
• It would use up 2,000 tons of
  garbage a day, which is 1/25 of
  New York City’s daily waste.
• It produce enough to power for
  10,000 homes or heat 700
  homes, approximately
  $420,000.
 Plasma Converter
                                          Plasma
                                         Converter


                Garbage Sorted in facility
                                                        Located at current
              Outside Staten Island to help
              produce cleanest byproducts.           Staten Island Landfill Site




        Syngas                                Slag
(mixture of Several gases,            (Physical residue                     Heat
  Depends upon trash)              From plasma Converter)



  Can be sold to power           Air cooled slag can create       Con Ed can create steam
  Plants to convert to           substances used for roads         From the heat to create
       electricity                 And building Materials             Power for the city
   The Paramount Solution

The best solution is the plasma converter because,
• New York City needs to deal with its own trash. We
  cannot keep on shipping all of it to others.
• The Plasma Converter generates the most money.
    • It creates byproducts that can be sold.
    • Working with Con Edison, it can create power.
    • The Plasma Converter creates new jobs and opportunities.
• It would be the only plasma converter in the tri-state area.
  The politicians should be able to get money from the
  government to help fund the costs to build.
Mentor Biography- Roger
Slykhouse

• He was educated at the University of
  Michigan, John Hopkins University, and
  Carnegie-Mellon University.
• He received a Master's Degree in Software
  Engineering, MSIT Information Systems
  Management, master of science and
  business (concentrated in management).
  He also received a Bachelor’s Degree in
  BSE Aerospace Engineering and BSE
  Computer Engineering.
• He currently is an IT manager at GM. He
  manages projects to develop soft ware
  that help to design and build cars and
  trucks.
Interaction With Mentor
• November 11 - we met our mentor, introduced our
  selves, and interviewed the mentor.
• November 19 - we figured out how to use the work
  book, we told the Mr. Slykhouse one solution and
  discussed how we were going to revise it.
• January 16 – Mr. Slykhouse edited and posted
  notes through out our note book pages.
• January 21 – Mr. Slykhouse commented on our
  solutions and problem statement.
• January 30 – Mr. Slykhouse gave us his
  biography/résumé.
• February 8 – We sent Mr. Slykhouse what we have
  so far of hour power point. He finalized the
  solutions.
• February 10 – He confirmed that the plasma
  converter is the best solution
Jobs and Lessons Learned

 • Sophia was the head of the power point
   and researcher.
 • Rachel was the communicator and
   researcher.
 • Yosef was a researcher.
 • We’ve learned as a group that teamwork is
   vital and everyone needs to cooperate in
   order to succeed.
 • Sophia learned how to make a PowerPoint
   mostly on her own.
 • Yosef learned dedication.
 • Rachel learned new computer skills.
Bibliography
•   www.atsdr.cdc.gov/hac/PHA/frehkills p1.html
•   www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/aw/wm/publications/recycle/summaryw
    astecharacterization2002.pdf
•   www.nyc.gov/html/dcp/pdf/fkl/aboutfkl.pdf
•   www.science.howstuffworks.com/plasmaconverter1.htm
•   http://fuel-efficient-vehicles.org/energy-news/?p=104
•   http://www.thetartan.org/2008/10/13/scitech/howthingswork
•   http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/08/22/fresh-kills-new-
    yorks-next-wind-farm/
•   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methane#Potential_health_effects
•   http://www.autobloggreen.com/2006/10/04/startech-s-plasma-
    conversion-facility-can-turn-garbage-into-hydr/
•   http://scifun.chem.wisc.edu/chemweek/methane/methane.html
•   http://science.howstuffworks.com/plasma-converter.htm
•   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windmill
•   With gratitude to Bob the Garbage Can Man
•   With special thanks to Elizabeth and David Weinstock

								
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