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					МУНИЦИПАЛЬНОЕ БЮДЖЕТНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ

ГОЛИЦЫНСКАЯ СРЕДНЯЯ ОБЩЕОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНАЯ

ШКОЛА №1

                                        (143041, Московская область,

                                       Пролетарский проспект, д. 50а)

                                                 Тел. 8-498-694-11-53




                 КОНКУРСНАЯ РАБОТА

                     «Страноведение»

                         Spain




                                                         Выполнила:

                                 Мамеджумаева Виктория, 9Б класс

                                                    Город Голицыно,

                                    ул. Советская, дом 56/1, кв. 140




                                                       Руководитель:

                                          Учитель английского языка

               Голицынской средней общеобразовательной школы №1

                                         Шкардун Оксана Валерьевна

                                                           Голицыно

                                                                2012

                                                                    1
                                    Plan.
The map of Spain. General facts of the country.
Places of interest in Madrid, the capital of Spain.
The Prado Museum.
The Royal Residence.
Holidays in Spain.
Spanish Cuisine. Wine.
Sports in Spain.
National Spanish Cloths.




                                                      2
                                        Spain




       Spain is stunning beauty of architecture and other original attractions of
Barcelona. Spain is bright Seville and medieval Toledo, the original Andalusia and
the Islamic pearl of Granada - Alhambra palace. Spain is the magic beauty of the
singing fountains and exciting for its blood sight corrida. Spain is the wild nature of
the Balearic and Canary islands. And finally, Spain is a wonderful opportunity to
enjoy excellent skiing on the slopes of the Sierra Nevada.

      And of course, Spain is Madrid, the capital, the
administrative centre and just one of the most
beautiful cities in the world. The famous sights of
Madrid attract thousands of enthusiastic tourists every
day from all over the world. And in my report I am
going to tell about some of the places of interest of
Spain.



                                                                                     3
                          The Capital of Spain Madrid.




             The Prado museum, founded in 1819 by King Ferdinand VII.


       The museum contains the largest in the world collection of Spanish painting.
The original building was designed in 1785 by Juan de Villanueva. Today you can
see the masterpieces of Velazquez, Goya, El Greco and Murillo next to the paintings
of other geniuses of European painting. The museum owns works of Rubens, Bosch,
Titian, Veronese. The paintings are exhibited in accordance with schools of painting -
the most ancient one can see on the lower floors. You can spend the whole day in this
wonderful museum and it would not be enough to see at least the main exhibits of the
Prado, which is rightfully called the main attractions of Madrid.
                               The Royal Residence.
      Over the river Manzanares, where once
stood the Alcazar, remembering the time of
Moslem rule, was built the royal residence - a
magnificent palace.

      One of the most famous rooms of the
palace is a brilliant masterpiece in rococo style
- Porcelain study. At the request of King
Charles III the walls in this room were lined
                                                                                    4
with magnificent porcelain of the highest quality. Garlands, glasses, cups and crowns
are the elements of the interior of this room.

        In the Throne hall there are bronze lions guarding the royal throne and on the
wall there is a painting of the Venetian painter Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.




      Like many other palaces of Madrid it is decorated with tapestries of Flemish
masters, paintings of Gonzalez and Velazquez.

                                 Holidays in Spain
       Holidays and different celebrations is a lifestyle in Spain, obligatory for all.
The Spaniards are friendly, hospitable and like to have fun, they like particular
drinks, singing and dancing, and maybe, this is the reason why they are so appealing
to the Russians and Brazilians. No country in Europe has so many holidays and
festivals as Spain.

       In many countries of the world, St. Valentine's Day is celebrated on February
14. The Spaniards do not stand in solidarity with other peoples. They have their own
holiday, connecting it with a very special date in their calendar. St. George’s Day,
saint patron of all lovers, is celebrated on the 23rd of April. St. George's Day in Spain
is closely connected with the legend. People still believe in the fairy tale - Saint
George tried to save the villagers from the dragon. After killing him, he gave a red
rose to a beautiful Princess. The rose grew from a drop of blood of the animal. That is
why on this day there are so many red roses everywhere. On April 23 in Spain there
is one huge celebration - "the Battle with the dragon".


                                                                                         5
                         San Jordi - Valentine’s Day in Spain




                                 Spanish Cuisine.
       The national cuisine of Spain was formed on the basis of diversity of culinary
traditions, caused by the geographical position, climate and cultural features.
Common attributes of the Spanish meal for all areas of Spain are the olive oil, garlic,
aromatic herbs and wine.

       There are many recipes of cooking paella. The Spaniards themselves say that
there are more than three hundred recipes of it. Classical paella in addition to rice
includes six or seven species of fish and seafood. However, in the Spanish cuisine
there is more meat than fish, because one of the Spanish national dish is jamon ham.
Jamon is the basis of Iberian cuisine, it means “ham”. It is one of the best and most
famous in the world of meat delicacies and is the most widely used meat product of
the country.




Rice is usually used in the
preparation of the famous
          paella.




                                                                                     6
                                         WINE.

       Wine is the most popular drink in Spain. Wine is the main element of all
regional cuisines from the times of the Romans, who spread the art of wine-making
on the Pyrenees. Today, together with France and Italy Spain is the third of the
largest wine producers in the world.

       In sixty wine regions of Spain they grow about ninety sorts of grapes.
Spanish Wines differ depending on grape varieties, soil and climate of the region.
Rioja and Ribera Del Duero are considered to be the most prestigious regions of
cultivation.




       The wine accompanies most of the dishes from fish, meat and poultry. Without
it there is no dinner in Spain. The important point of the celebration is the choice of
aperitif, as the first glass sets the tone for the whole evening. In Spain there is wine of
all types and their number is simply shocking. In the production of wine Spaniards
put their soul. Any tourist, who visits Spain, will certainly underline the excellent
quality of the wines, but, first of all, the quality of the red wine.


                                    Sports in Spain.

        The "king" of all kinds of sports in Spain is football. It was brought to the
country by the British sailors, who played this unfamiliar game in Spanish ports. The
first football club in Spain was founded in the mines of Rio Tinto city Uelva by the

                                                                                         7
British miners. The name of this club is “Recreativo de Uelva”. It must be said that
football for the Spaniards is not just a sport. After all, modern Spain is a country,
which consists of different regions, each of them has its own culture, language,
traditions and political independence in the past. So it turns out that each of the main
Spanish clubs is the former medieval kingdom. For Example, "Barcelona" is the
national team of Catalonia, "Athletic club de Bilbao" and the club "Mallorca" is the
representative of the Kingdom of Major. Therefore, the residents of different regions
of Spain compare modern football matches with medieval battles, elevating the days
of victories of their teams in the rank of a regional holiday. In 1898, a group of young
people who studied in England, founded the club “Athletic Bilbao", and after a year
in Barcelona was founded the club of the same, which is one of the best football clubs
of the planet nowadays.
From that moment football quickly spread throughout the country and is firmly
entrenched in the life of Spaniards.




       The other popular sport in Spain is basketball. But it should be noted that it is
not as popular as football. This kind of sports appeared in Spain in 1921. The founder
of the Spanish basketball was a missionary catholic father Mayan, who worked in
Cuba for a long time, where he discovered an unusual game - basketball.

       After returning home he began to promote a new game. However, it was hard
at the beginning, because at that time football was sport № 1. They say that Mayan
once hid all the footballs in one of the Spanish school, where he was teaching, in
                                                                                       8
order to force students to play basketball. However, despite the first difficult steps
basketball today is firmly established in Spain.


       In Spain there are many other games, for example petanka. Every evening in
many Spanish squares there are group of Spaniards playing this game. It is believed
that this sport was invented by the ancient Greeks and the Romans brought it to
Spain.

      In the Basque country there is another popular sport - cutting of large trees
with an axe - aiscolares. A large number of people go in for this sport. Every year
there are aiscolares competitions, the winners of which receive prizes and enjoy a
good reputation among local residents.

                             National Spanish clothes.
       Spanish folk costume was formed in XVIII-XIX centuries. Despite the huge
regional differences in the national and material culture of the population, one can
clearly distinguish the main two types of national dress: north-central and south or the
Andalusian. The first type is distributed almost in all regions of the country, except
Andalusia. Women's folk costume of north- central type is wide skirts in the form of
a bell, a jacket with sleeves, an apron, a shawl or a handkerchief, tied on the chest,
and as a headdress – a triangular kerchief. Folk women's shoes are canvas slippers on
the soles made of twisted hemp ropes, and sometimes made of leather or leather
shoes, and in the rainy days in many areas, especially the north, they wear wooden
shoes (type of "sabo" on three heels). Male folk costume is short, up to knees, tight-

                                                                                         9
fitting pants, socks, a shirt and a short jacket (sometimes a vest). On the head they
wear a hat or a scarf, and in northern areas – a beret, which is popular even
nowadays.




       The main colors of clothing for both men and women are black, red and white.
However, despite the relative stereotype of the national costume of the northern and
central regions of Spain, each province has different colorful embroidery, has various
colors and texture of the fabric. Almost everywhere in these areas (for example, in
Valencia, Murcia) women love to wear jewelry, sometimes bizarre, made with great
skill.

       The south or Andalusian type of costume, which is worn in hot areas, is
characterized by its simplicity. For women, it is a long dress with ruffles, sometimes
with a long train and a light-rag or mantillia. The most common jewelry are large,
round earrings and a red rose in the hair. They wear light leather shoes, usually black
or red.

Men, as a rule, wear long black tight-
fitting hip pants and a white shirt,
sometimes a bolero and instead of a belt a
bright, usually red sash. The head-dress of
the inhabitants of Andalusia is a wide-
brimmed black sombrero.

                                                                                    10
      The basques, catalans and galicians also have the popular clothes, but their
main elements are the same variation of the north-central Spanish costume. National
clothes of the catalans are very light, that is connected with the mild climate of this
area. The most typical clothing for men is black short (up to knees) pants, a bright
sash and a Catalan cap with a brush. For women there is a short colored skirt, a small
black apron, a dark blouse and a mantle or a hood covering head and shoulders. Men
and women wear black or white shoes and white stockings, woven with lace.




        Spain is a very beautiful country, there are so many wonderful
                      places to see and to tell about.
          So, if you have an opportunity to visit it – you will be lucky!
                                    Have a nice trip!




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Links:

http://euguide.ru/spain

http://euguide.ru/985.html

http://ourspain.ru/fiesta/main.html

http://www.christofor.ru/spain/fiesta.php

http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C8%F1%EF%E0%ED%F1%EA%E0%FF_%EA%F3
%F5%ED%FF

http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C2%E8%ED%EE%E4%E5%EB%E8%E5_%E2_%C8
%F1%EF%E0%ED%E8%E8

http://travels.co.ua/rus/spain/info/sport-v-ispanii.html

http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C8%F1%EF%E0%ED%F1%EA%E8%E9_%EA%EE
%F1%F2%FE%EC

http://spanish-hotel.ru/culture/nacionalna.html




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