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VIRTUES

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					                                             VIRTUES
Thought and character

          Character
               o You can do a good deed and be a bad person
               o Continually doing bad means your bad; your character has everything to do with
                   your personality
          Ethics according to Aristotle= human action
          How do we get virtue?
               o From character: habit and Practice
               o Good habits = virtuous
               o **character: state or disposition, not a feeling; character becomes what your habits
                   are; not a capacity
          Pleasure and Pain
               o Find the RIGHT things pleasurable
               o The mean between 2 extremes= virtuous (vice and abundance)
          Virtuous Acts (generally)
               o Must be done in the right ways
               o At the right times
               o For the right reasons
               o Requires intentions (not done by accident or b/c you have a guilty conscience)
               o IN OTHER WORDS
                        How virtuous actions should be done (specifically)
                                 Must know we are acting virtuously
                                 Decide on it for itself
                                 Firm and unchanging state
        VIRTUE: MEAN between 2 extremes
        Some actions are intrinsically evil
            o Ex. Adultery= no mean, always bad
            o Voluntary actions principal of the action
            o Involuntary action  forced and agent contributions nothing (ex. turrets); act in
                  ignorance then remorseful
              o   NON Voluntary commit an act in ignorance but nothing happens
              o   DECISION: comes from deliberation
                           what we can act on
                           uncertainty and ambiguity
          VIRTUES:
              o   Bravery/Courage
              o   Temperance: recognizing and moderating pleasures
           VICES
                   Gluttony- Eating too much
                   Anorexia-not eating enough
o   Generosity: Taking and giving with focus on giving
           Vices
                   Too giving
                   Un-generosity (love of $)
o   Magnificence: like generosity but on a larger scale buying a cheeseburger vs. buying
    someone a whole McDonalds
           Vices
                   Vulgarity-overspending b/c you can
                   Not spending $ you should
o   Magnamity: think of oneself as worthy but doesn’t boast
           Vices
                   Vanity-
                   Puscilamity
o   Patience/Mildness- quick to give praise
           Vice
                   Insensible-Being angry all the time
                   Apathy
o   Truthfulness- acknowledging qualities one has without exaggerating or belittling
           Vices
                   Boastfulness-claim more than they have to get praise
                   Depreciation; belittle qualities and doesn’t want people to call them
                    a “hero”
o   Wittiness; Those who joke in a peaceful way
           Vices
                   Obnoxious
                   Bore

				
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posted:8/19/2012
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