Unit 11: World War II, 1939-1945
Chapter 16 Study Guide
Part I Identifying Key Terms
Directions: Part 1 of the study guide is given to you in hopes that you will use this in preparation for
the upcoming chapter exam. It is not required and will not be graded. It is expected that you will be
able to give a statement of definition for each term and also provide a statement about the significance
Charles de Gaulle Dwight D. Eisenhower Franklin D. Roosevelt
Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Harry S. Truman
Erwin Rommel Adolf Hitler J. Robert Oppenheimer
Isoroku Yamamoto Benito Mussolini
Douglas MacArthur Hideki Tojo
Terms and Events
Nonaggression pact Kristallnacht Operation Overlord
Blitzkrieg Ghetto Atomic Bomb
Battle of Britain “Final Solution” Hiroshima & Nagasaki
Atlantic Charter Genocide Nuremberg Trials
Pearl Harbor Concentration camps Demilitarization
Battle of Midway Battle of Stalingrad Democratization
Battle of Guadalcanal D-Day Yalta Conference
Island Hopping Battle of the Bulge
Holocaust Operation Torch
Part II Review Questions
Directions: Check your understanding of this chapter by answering the following questions in about
four-five well written and effective sentences each.
1. How did the Treaty of Versailles “sow the seeds” of World War II?
2. How did Axis Aggression and Allied Appeasement serve as causes of World War II?
3. How did the Nazi-Soviet Pact indirectly cause the outbreak of World War II? What did each
nation want from such a pact?
4. How and why did Hitler invade Poland? What did he want? Why did Hitler invade the
regions of the Balkans and Scandinavia?
5. What was so phony about the “phony war”? How was Hitler able to so quickly and so easily
6. What was the Battle of Britain? Who won? Why? What lesson was learned from this battle?
7. How did Italy finally become involved in the war? Why did they invade this particular
8. Why did the Nazis have to invade North Africa? Were they successful? Why?
9. What was Hitler’s greatest mistake in his march toward world domination? Why did he
make this mistake?
10. Why were the Germans unsuccessful against the Soviets on the Eastern Front? What served
as the turning point on the Eastern Front?
11. What was the Atlantic Charter? Why was it significant to postwar Europe?
12. What was the “Final Solution”? Why did Hitler feel it was necessary to implement the
“Final Solution”? How are the terms “Holocaust” and “Final Solution” related? (Hint: They
are not the same.)
13. What was the Allied military strategy to ultimately defeat Hitler? What did Stalin want
Churchill and FDR to do after US entrance into the war? Why didn’t Churchill and FDR
fulfill this request? What effect would this have after the war?
14. Where did the Allied forces first invade Nazi-controlled Europe? What was the name of this
invasion? How were the Allies successfully able to complete this invasion (two reasons)?
15. Why did the Japanese seek to build an empire in the late 1930s? How were they successfully
able to build an Asian empire by 1942? How did the US respond to this aggression?
16. What was the US military strategy in the Pacific? Why did the US have to successfully
invade and take control of Guadalcanal? Why was the conquest of Okinawa significant to
the US cause in the Pacific?
17. For what reason(s) did President Truman decide to drop the bomb on Japan? What cities did
he drop the bomb on? When did the Japanese finally surrender?
18. How were Japanese-Americans during WWII treated? Why?
19. Describe the political, economic, and social conditions in postwar Europe. Why were so
many people wandering Europe?
20. How did the US help reconstruct Japan after the war? What type of government did they put
in place, and how did they influence Japan’s economy?
Part III Chronological Awareness
Directions: Place the following events in the correct chronological order. Provide the year of each
event. Since the events are given to you in a sequence that is out of chronological order, please
reorder the events correctly. In the event that one or more of the events listed below do not have a
single year in which it took place, provide the appropriate date ranges. Rewrite this list in the
correct chronological order, providing the year of the event, occurrence, or trend.
1. Allies capture Iwo Jima
2. US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima
3. Hitler and Stalin sign the Nonaggression Pact
4. France surrenders to the Germans
6. Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
7. Germany breaks the Nazi-Soviet Pact
8. Germans defeated at Battle of Stalingrad
9. US drops atomic bomb on Nagasaki
10. Germany invades Poland
Part IV Multiple Choice Practice
Directions: Each of the questions or incomplete statements below is followed by four suggested
answers or completions. Select the one that is best in each case, and then write the letter and the
answer of your choice on your study guide.
1. Which of the following was the location of most Nazi extermination camps?
A. Poland C. Germany
B. Soviet Union D. France
2. Where were atomic bombs dropped?
A. Tokyo and Hong Kong C. Dresden and Berlin
B. Hiroshima and Nagasaki D. Leyte Island and Midway
3. What group was tried at the Nuremberg Trials?
A. Nazi leaders C. Communist party members
B. the Luftwaffe D. Axis power war criminals
4. Which of the following nations paid the greatest price in terms of the number of lives lost
during the war?
A. Germany C. Soviet Union
B. Japan D. France
5. Why were thousands of Japanese Americans interned in relocation camps?
A. their ancestry C. their need for protection
B. their stated support of Japanese goals D. their unwillingness to aid the war
6. Why did Italy invade British-occupied Egypt in 1940?
A. To seize control of the Suez Canal C. To find the Holy Grail
B. To expand their empire in Africa D. To cut off the supply of British
7. The United States entered World War II after:
A. the invasion of Poland C. the invasion of Japan
B. the attack on Pearl Harbor D. the Battle of Britain
8. What English and French policy is most responsible for the outbreak of WWII?
A. Isolationism C. Militarization
B. Nationalism D. Appeasement
9. What battle served as the turning point on the Eastern Front during WWII?
A. Leningrad C. Petrograd
B. Stalingrad D. El Alamein
10. This battle marked the turning point in the Pacific Theatre:
A. Okinawa. C. Rangoon.
B. Midway. D. Philippines.
Note: Incomplete study guides will receive a 10 point penalty. Organize your time and work on
your study guide a little bit at a time. Substantially incomplete study guides will be graded but
considered late, which means a 50% deduction.
Study Guide Grading Rubric. 50 points.
Review Questions (20 points) - 4 questions will be selected at random from those above. Each will
be worth 5 points.
Multiple Choice (10 points) - This section is worth 10 points. 1 point will be deducted for each
Chronology (10 points) - This section is worth 10 point. Points will be deducted for each incorrect
Overall Completion (10 points) - 10 points will be awarded for completion of all questions and