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PREFACE The Leadership Programme is a flagship professional

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					                         2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                       on Environment for Sustainable Development



PREFACE

The Leadership Programme is a flagship professional development programme of
the UNEP-Tongji Institute of Environment for Sustainable Development (IESD). It
provides a very good stage for promising professionals in the field to keep
themselves abreast of new knowledge and development on environment
management and issues on sustainable development. The programme is designed to
have a balance treatment on the various aspects of environment, economy and
society. An important feature of the course is the integration of the human
dimensions – mind, body and soul – into the contextual and relational aspects of
leadership.
The first Leadership Programme was held in July 2004 and thereafter held annually –
this year’s offering being the eighth, during September 18-23, 2010. This time
around, the program is special since it is held in conjunction with other important
events during the week – including Bayer-Tongji UNEP SD Forum. Particularly, this
year’s field visits will be a Tour to Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Centre and a
visit to the World Expo.
IESD was established in May 2002 by agreement entered into between the United
Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Tongji University. Its mission is to
promote the protection and management of the environment for purposes of
sustainable development through education, research and dissemination of
intellectual assets in collaboration with like-minded partners from the academic,
government, corporate and international communities. It is governed by an
international Board and its activities are supported by the Asia-Pacific Regional
University Consortium (RCU). Currently, the consortium is comprised of eight
prestigious institutions, namely the Asian Institute of Technology, Griffith University,
Nanyang Technological University, Tongji University, University of New South Wales,
University of Wollongong, Yale University and United Nations University – Institute
of Advanced Studies (a collaborating UN agency). It aims to foster multi-disciplinary
academic and research development through joint activities in environment,
sustainable development and allied fields. The Leadership Programme is a flagship
outreach activity of IESD with strong support from RUC.
UNEP, Tongji University and RUC hope that the participants of the Leadership
Programme will greatly benefit from the course, not only in terms of knowledge
learned during the conduct of the course but also of networking with fellow
participants after returning to their respective countries. The contributions of the
resource persons and sponsors are greatly acknowledged and appreciated, without
which the program would not have been possible.
We hope that this course book will provide the participants and resource persons
with a comprehensive guide for the duration of the eighth Leadership Programme.
      2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
    on Environment for Sustainable Development




                                                 Outline
Outline & Agenda
                                                                   2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                                                 on Environment for Sustainable Development
                 2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment for Sustainable Development
                     Preliminary Outline: EXPO and Urban Sustainable Development
        17 September          18 September                 19 September          20 September               21 September              22 September             23 September
            Friday              Saturday                      Sunday                Monday                     Tuesday                 Wednesday                 Thursday

                                Module 1                     Module 2               Module 3             Bayer-Tongji UNEP SD
          Arrivals                                                                                                                      Module 4               Module 6
                              Introduction                   Field Trip              Human                   Forum 2010
                                                                                                                                       Environment         Summary & Synthesis
 AM
9:00                      Opening Ceremony         Field Trip                     Mind-Body-Soul               SD Forum                 Environment             Sustainable
                         Of 2010 Asia-Pacific                                                                                    Air, Air Pollution, and      Development
                        Leadership Programme   Urban Planning               Sustainable Development    Panel 1: City Planning Climate Change (Prof
                                                Exhibition Center             Paradigm Harmonizing                                Jiang, Tongji U)
                                                                                                         Towards low carbon
                        Environmental                                        Soul, Mind and Body                                                          Pyramid Synthesis
                                                                                                         buildings, cities and
                         Sustainability in Asia, with                         (Prof. Sivakumar)                                  Technological            Activity (Robert Steele)
                                                                                                         communities (Prof. Deo
                         focus on the Rio +20                                Traditional Tai-chi (ZHU                            innovation for low
                                                                                                         Prasad, UNSW)
                         process(Ms.Dechen                                    Feifei)                                             carbon in Expo(Prof. LI
                         Tsering)                                           Moderated Discussions                                 Guangming)
                                                                                                         Keynote Speech
                                                                                Leadership Issues                                Solid Waste (Prof. NIU
                        Overview    of    LP2010
                                                                             Leadership Skills          Panel 2: Eco-Energy      Dongjie, IESD)               Summary and
                         (Mahesh Pradhan, UNEP)
                                                                              (Prof. Mario               Prof. Kumar (AIT)                                        Synthesis
                        Icebreaker , Sustainability                                                                             Education on
                                                                              Tabucanon)
                        Warm-up and Self                                                                 Panel Discussion         Sustainable
                                                                             Systems Thinking (Robert
                        Introductions(Robert                                                                                      Development (Akpezi
                                                                              Steele)
12:00                                                                                                                             Ogbuigwe, UNEP)
                        Steele)                                             Moderated Discussions
                                                                                                                                 Moderated Discussions
12:00    Arrival of                                                                                                                                          Farewell Lunch
                                                                                                                                          Students
        participants              Subway                     Haolunge               Balibeitian                Sanhaowu
13:00                                                                                                                                     cafeteria          Closing Ceremony

 PM
13:00                                                                          Economic and Social       Keynote Speech              Sustainable
                                                         Expo                        Issues                                        Development
                        Sub-regional presentations                                                                                                      Free
                                                                             Urbanization and Social    Panel Discussion
                        Synthesis of Opening Day                             Security System in China
                         (Prof. Mario Tabucanon                               (WANG Chuanxing,           Panel 3: Eco-Building  Pyramid Synthesis
                         and Prof. JIANG Dahe)                                Tongji U.)                 (Prof. Mario           Activity (Robert Steele)
                                                                             Urban Environmental      Tabucannon)
                        Urban    Challenges    for                          Crisis Management &
                         Sustainable Development –                           Emergency Treatment         Keynote Speech
                         Case Study of Shanghai                                (SONG Yajie, Yale U.)
                         (Prof. WU Jiang, Tongji U.)                         The Green Economy          Panel Discussion
                                                                              (Mahesh Pradhan, UNEP)
                        Overview  of   Shanghai                             Wastewater (WANG Jing-
                        EXPO(Ms. GAN Jing)                                    yuan, NTU)
                                                                            Moderated Discussions
17:00
                             Welcome Dinner
                                                                                 Tai-chi Optional             Tai-chi Optional        Tai-chi Optional               Free
                            (Days Hotel Tongji)
                          2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                        on Environment for Sustainable Development

     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                         for Sustainable Development
                   Agenda on September 18th, Saturday
Saturday, September 18, 2010
                                 Module 1    Introduction
  08:20                                 Set off from Guest House
08:50-09:00                                   Group Photo
  09:00               Opening Ceremony Of 2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
09:00-09:05                    Host by Prof. LI Fengting, Vice Dean of IESD
                                           Welcome Address
09:05-09:15
                           (Prof. DONG Qi, Vice president of Tongji University)
                                            Welcome Address
09:15-09:20
                (Ms. Nila Puspita, Program Coordinator, Hanns Seidel Foundation, Jakarta)
                                           Welcome Address
                  Environmental Sustainability in Asia, with focus on the Rio +20 process
09:20-09:40
              (Ms. Dechen Tsering, Deputy Regional Director and Representative for Asia and
                                           the Pacific, UNEP)
                                          Overview of LP2010
09:40-10:00
                                         (Mr. Mahesh Pradhan)
10:00-10:10                                       Q&A
10:10-10:40                                   Coffee Break
                        Icebreaker , Sustainability Warm-up and Self Introductions
10:40-11:50
                                            (Mr. Robert Steele)
                                          Overview of LP2010
11:50-12:00
                                         (Mr. Mahesh Pradhan)
12:00-13:00                               Lunch Time(Subway)
13:00-13:30                            Sub-regional Presentations
13:30-14:00                              Moderated Discussions
                                        Synthesis of Opening Day
14:00-14:30
                                       (Prof. Mario T. Tabucanon)
14:30-14:45                              Moderated Discussions
14:45-15:00                                   Coffee Break
                 Urban Challenges for Sustainable Development –Case Study of Shanghai
15:00-15:40
                                            (Prof. WU Jiang)
15:40-16:00                              Moderated Discussions
                                       Overview of Shanghai EXPO
16:00-16:30
                                             (Ms. GAN Jing)
16:30-17:30                              Moderated Discussions
17:30-20:00                        Welcome Dinner(Days Hotel Tongji)
After 20:00                                       Free
                         2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                       on Environment for Sustainable Development

     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                        for Sustainable Development
                    Agenda on September 19th, Sunday

Sunday, September 19, 2010
                                  Module 2 Field Trip


   08:30                              Set off from Guest House
09:00-11:00                        Urban Planning Exhibition Center
11:00-12:30                                  Lunch time
                                             (Haolunge)
After 13:30                                 Visiting EXPO
                        2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                      on Environment for Sustainable Development

     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                        for Sustainable Development
                  Agenda on September 20th, Monday

Monday, September 20, 2010
                                     Module 3 Human


09:00-09:30         Sustainable Development Paradigm Harmonizing Soul, Mind and Body
                                        (Prof. M. Sivakumar)
09:30-09:50                              Moderated Discussions
09:50-10:15                                 Traditional Tai-chi
                                             (Ms. ZHU Feifei)
10:15-10:30                                   Coffee Break
10:30-10:50                              Moderated Discussions
10:50-11:20                                 Leadership Skills
                                       (Prof. Mario T. Tabucanon)
11:20-11:50                                 Systems Thinking
                                           (Mr. Robert Steele)
11:50-12:00                              Moderated Discussions
12:00-13:00                           Lunch Time (Optional dining)
                                              (Balibeitian)
13:00-13:30                  Urbanization and Social Security System in China
                                         (Dr. WANG Chuanxing)
13:30-14:00                              Moderated Discussions
14:00-14:30        Urban Environmental Crisis Management & Emergency Treatment
                                          (Prof. SONG Yajie)
14:30-14:45                              Moderated Discussions
14:45-15:00                                   Coffee Break
15:00-15:30                               The Green Economy
                                         (Mr. Mahesh Pradhan)
15:30-15:50                              Moderated Discussions
15:50-16:20                                    Wastewater
                                         (Prof. WANG Jing-yuan)
16:20-17:00                              Moderated Discussions
17:30-19:30                         Dinner Time(Chinese Dumplings)
                              (Daqinfugui Restaurant, Tongji United Square)
19:00-20:00                                  Tai-chi Optional
                                            (Ms. ZHU Feifei)
                                         (Lobby of Guest House)
After 20:00                                        Free
                           2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                         on Environment for Sustainable Development

     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                          for Sustainable Development
                    Agenda on September 21st, Tuesday

Tuesday, September 21, 2010
                              Bayer-Tongji UNEP SD Forum 2010


09:00-10:00
                                                  Panel 1:
                                              City Planning
                           Towards low carbon buildings, cities and communities
                                           (Prof. Deo PRASAD)


10:00-10:15                                   Keynote Speech
10:15-10:30                                    Coffee Break
10:30-11:40
                                                 Panel 2:
                                        Eco-Energy (Prof. Kumar(AIT))


11:40-12:00                                  Panel Discussion
12:00-13:00                              Lunch Time (With Bayer)
13:00-13:50                                   Keynote Speech
13:50-14:45                                  Panel Discussion
14:45-15:00                                    Coffee Break
15:00-16:00                                       Panel 3:
                                                 Eco-Building
                                         (Prof. Mario Tabucannon)
16:00-16:30                                   Keynote Speech
16:30-17:00                                  Panel Discussion
17:30-19:30                                    Dinner Time
                                (Baodelai Restaurant, Tongji Lianhe Square)
19:00-20:00                           Tai-chi Optional (Ms. ZHU Feifei)
                                           (Lobby of Guest House)
After 20:00                                         Free

Note:
1. We will Set off from Guest House around 8:30 in groups.
2. Zonghe Building is the highest building on Tongji Campus.
                        2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                      on Environment for Sustainable Development

     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                        for Sustainable Development
                Agenda on September 22nd, Wednesday

Wednesday, September 22, 2010
                                   Module 4 Environment


09:00-09:30                          Air, Air Pollution, and Climate Change
                                              (Prof JIANG Dahe)
09:30-09:45                               Moderated Discussions
09:45-10:15                Technological innovation for low carbon in Expo
                                        (Prof. LI Guangming)
10:15-10:30                                    Coffee Break
10:30-11:00                                     Solid Waste
                                            (Prof. NIU Dongjie)
11:00-11:15                               Moderated Discussions
11:15-11:45                       Education on Sustainable Development
                                          (Ms. Akpezi Ogbuigwe)
11:45-12:00                               Moderated Discussions
12:00-13:00                                     Lunch Time
                                            (Student Cafeteria)
13:00-14:45                             Pyramid Synthesis Activity
                                             (Robert Steele)
14:45-15:00                                    Coffee Break
15:00-17:00                             Pyramid Synthesis Activity
                                           (Mr. Robert Steele)
17:30-19:30                                    Dinner Time
                                (Baodelai Restaurant, Tongji Lianhe Square)
19:00-20:00                                  Tai-chi Optional
                                            (Ms. ZHU Feifei)
                                         (Lobby of Guest House)
After 20:00                                        Free
                         2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                       on Environment for Sustainable Development

     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                         for Sustainable Development
                   Agenda on September 23rd, Thursday

Thursday, September 23, 2010
                               Module 5 Summary & Synthesis


09:00-10:15                            Pyramid Synthesis Activity
                                          (Mr. Robert Steele)
10:15-10:30                                  Coffee Break
10:30-13:00                             Summary and synthesis
13:00-13:30                                Closing Ceremony
                                           (Mocca Cafeteria)
After 13:30                                      Free
     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
   on Environment for Sustainable Development




                                                Resource Person Profile
Resource Person
                                      2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                    on Environment for Sustainable Development
                        Resource Person


                            WU

First Name      Jiang
Last Name       WU



Country         China



Institution     Tongji University
Title           Vice President
Address         1239, Siping Road, Shanghai, China



Experience
   Wu Jiang graduated from Tongji University in 1993 with a doctor degree. He has won Excellent Young Teacher of
Shanghai(1993), Chen Congzhou’s Education of Architect Prize(1995), Ni Tianzeng’s Education Prize(1999). He
went to Hongkong University between 1993 and 1994 as a visiting researcher. He used to be a senior visiting
researcher in Harvard University between 1996 and 1997.
He has been engaged in teaching western architectural history, theory and the research of modern city and
architectural history, protection and utilization in Shanghai. He has published several monograhs and more than 50
professional papers, completed more than 10 projects of architectural design. The achievement got under his
direction has been awarded the third prize of excellent teaching material of shanghai university (2000), the second
prize of excellent teaching achievement (2001), the second prize of the national excellent planning design, the
third prize(2007) and the second prize (2008) of shanghai decision-making consultation ,the second prize of
shanghai science and technology progress. He has visited and given lectures in the famous universities and
research institutions of the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Singapore,
Australia, India and other countries several times.
He used to be the vice president of CAUP. He served as the chief of Shanghai Urban Planning Bureau between
February 2003 and October 2008.
                                     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                   on Environment for Sustainable Development
                          Resource Person


              Dechen Tsering

First Name      Dechen
Last Name       Tsering



Country         Bhutan



Institution     United   Nations   environment
                Programme, Asia and the Pacific
                Region
Title           Deputy Regional Director
Address



Experience
Dr. Dechen Tsering is the Officer-in-Charge and Deputy Regional Representative of UNEP Regional Office for Asia
and the Pacific. Prior to joining UNEP, she served in the Royal Government of Bhutan as the head of the Policy
Coordination Division in the National Environment Commission, and as the Policy Officer with the Planning
Commission (National Environment Secretariat). She has also worked as a Research Assistant and consultant with
the World Bank. She holds a Ph.D in Forest Economics and Forest Policy (Federal Institute of Technology), Master
of Public Policy (Georgetown University), Bachelor of Arts in Political Science (University of California, Berkeley),
and Bachelor of Science in Conservation Resource Studies (University of California, Berkeley).
                                     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                   on Environment for Sustainable Development
                         Resource Person


                                 MP

First Name      Mahesh
Last Name       Pradhan



Country         Nepal



Institution     Regional Research Centre for Asia
                and the Pacific
Title           Director, a.i.
Address




Experience
With over 16 years of service to UNEP, Mr. Mahesh Pradhan provides support to the Environmental Governance
team at ROAP with focus on sub-regional partnerships and the annual Asia Pacific Sub-Regional Environmental
Policy Dialogue (SEPD). He leads the environmental education nexus, particularly through the ongoing partnership
at the UNEP-Tongji Institute of Environment for Sustainable Development (IESD) in Shanghai, and coordinates
specific partnerships, such as the Asia Europe Environment Forum (ASEF).

In March 2009, he was assigned as Interim Director of the joint AIT/UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and
the Pacific (RRC.AP). The Centre focuses on four support functions: Regional Support, Network Support,
Knowledge Support and Institutional Support. Key activities at RRC.AP include a strong focus on atmospheric
issues, such as the Atmospheric Brown Cloud (ABC), the East Asia Acid Deposition Monitoring Network (EANET),
the Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia,
the Regional Knowledge Platform on Climate Change Adaptation for South and Southeast Asia, amongst others.
RRC.AP currently has close to 40 staffs, and celebrated its 20th anniversary in September 2009.
                                     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                   on Environment for Sustainable Development
                          Resource Person


                             Nila

First Name      Nila
Last Name       Puspita



Country         Indonesia



Institution     Hanns Seidel Foundation
Title           Program Coordinator
Address
E-mail          Nila-p@hsfindo.org



Experience
  Nila Puspita is Program Coordinator for the Hanns Seidel Foundation. She has completed her bachelor degree in
Aquatic Resource Management from the Faculty of Fisheries, Bogor-based Agriculture Institute. For almost seven
years, she worked for Bogor-based Canadian Environmental Consultancy Firm, and has involved in various
Environmental Impacts Assessment Studies. She joined the Hanns Seidel Foundation in 1997, and has assisted in
the management and implementation of HSF joint programs with local, national and international partners. She
was an editor in chief for HSF’s environmental education materials on water, air, biodiversity, soil and land,
education for sustainable development modules. She is a member of steering committee of national green school
program of the Ministry of Environment.
                                    2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                  on Environment for Sustainable Development
                        Resource Person


              Mario Tabucanon

First Name      Mario
Last Name       Tabucanon



Country         Philippines



Institution     Asian Institute of Technology (AIT);
                United Nations University Institute of
                Advanced Studies (UNU-IAS)
Title           Professor (AIT); Visiting Professor
                (UNU-IAS)
Address         AIT, P.O. Box 4, Kong Luang,
                Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
E-mail          mttabucanon@ait.ac.th

Experience
     Current professional appointments:
      - Professor, Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Program, School of Engineering and Technology,
           Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand
      - Visiting Professor, Education for Sustainable Development Programme, United Nations University
           Institute of Advanced Studies, Yokohama, Japan
      - International Adviser to the Executive Board, The Sirindhorn International Environmental Park
           Foundation Under the Patronage of HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Thailand
   Had provided consulting/advisory services to the following organizations: UNEP Regional Office for Asia
      and the Pacific; UNESCO Jakarta; UNIDO Vienna; UNESCAP Bangkok; Asian Development Bank, Manila;
      Indonesia Institute of Sciences, Bandung; UNDP Manila; among others
Served or serving on the Editorial Boards of about a dozen international refereed journals including the
International Journal of Production Economics (served as immediate past Asia-Pacific Editor).
                                    2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                  on Environment for Sustainable Development


                         Resource Person


               Robert Steele

First Name      Robert
Last Name       Steele



Country         American / Thailand



Institution     Systainability Asia / AtKisson Asia
Title           Director / Senior Associate
Address         55/170 Lad Prao Soi 29
                Lad Prao Road, Chatuchak District
                Bangkok, 10900 Thailand
E-mail          robert@atkisson.com



Experience
   As Director of Education for the Magic Eyes Chao Phraya Barge Program, it was recognized by UNEP as one of six
‘best practice EE programs’ in the Asia-Pacific region in 2001. In addition, the water ecology and water quality
education program was honored by Canada Fund as one of the top 25 funded projects out of over 700 that they
supported in Thailand during their time in Thailand. The program’s innovative education programming continues
today under the PREM School for International Education in Chiang Mai, Thailand.
In 2005, Robert founded Systainability Asia and has been working both in as a trainer and consultant on ESD and
sustainable development with several regional governments (Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia), UNEP, UNESCO and
ASEAN Secretariat. Robert has developed into one the South East Asia region’s top sustainability consultants, and
now works with regional governments, NGOs and private sector companies on building sustainable development
assessment frameworks and developing their sustainability plans.
                                    2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                  on Environment for Sustainable Development
                          Resource Person


                    Dahe JIANG

First Name      Dahe
Last Name       JIANG



Country         China



Institution     UNEP-IESD
Title           the Director of the Office of
                UNEP-Tongji Institute of Environment
                for Sustainable Development
Address



Experience
Graduated in 1967 from Haerbin Engineering College, entered China University of Science and Technology in 1978
for graduate studies, and in 1980 was sent in 1980 to City University of New York where he obtained Master’s
Degree in 1982 and PhD in 1984, majoring in fluid mechanics for turbulent diffusion. Jiang came back Shanghai at
the end of 1984 and joined Tongji Unversity, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, where he was
promoted from Lecturer 1985, Associate Professor 1987, and Professor 1992. Jiang offers courses of Air Pollution
Meteorology, Environmental Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics, Hydrology, Environmental Information Management. He
was a trainer of the “National Advanced EIA Training Program” in 1991 on environmental modeling, a senior
consultant of “Shanghai Emergency Response System for Hazardous Chemical Transportation Accidents” in 1993.
As a foreign researcher, Jiang worked in Toyohashi University of Technology of Japan from Dec. 1993 to Mar. 1994,
as a lecturer taught in Dept. of Mechanical Engineering of University of Hong Kong in 1995 to 1998. Jiang was a
member of the Atmospheric Environment Branch of the National Association of Environmental Science of China.
Since May 2002, Jiang serves the Director of the Office of UNEP-Tongji Institute of Environment for Sustainable
Development (ESD). Jiang actively takes part in UN “Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD)”
program, in charge of organizing international leadership programs, international Master’s Degree Program in
Environmental Management and Sustainable Development, and offers courses in English: Practice in Sustainable
Development of China, and Climate Change and Response etc.
                                   2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                 on Environment for Sustainable Development
                        Resource Person


                       GAN Jing

First Name      Jing
Last Name       GAN



Country         China



Institution     College of Architecture & Urban
                Planning, Tongji University
Title           Lecturer
Address         1239, Siping Road, Shanghai, China
E-mail          amy-tj@163.com



Experience
Coordinator, Integrated Efficiency of Spatial Structure based on DEA Model, Natural Science Foundation, 2008
Coordinator & Researcher, Urban Form and Energy Consumption, Cooperation Research Program between
CAUP(College of Architecture and Urban Planning), Tongji University and CSTB(Centre Scientifique et Technique du
Bâtiment),France,2008-2009
Coordinator & Main Researcher, Planning and Construction Technologies for ‘Urban Best Practice Area” of World
Expo 2010 Shanghai China, The Ministry of Science and Technology of China, 2007-2008
Coordinator & Main Researcher, Integrated Ecological Design Technologies of Urban Mega-Projects, Ministry
                                                                                                     The
of Science and Technology of China, 2007-2010
Coordinator & Researcher, Integrated Dynamic Monitoring Technologies for Urban and Rural Development,The
Ministry of Science and Technology of China, 2007-2010
Coordinator & Main Researcher, Temperature Temperature-control technologies of Shanghai Expo site, National
Natural Science Foundation, 2006-2007
                                      2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                    on Environment for Sustainable Development
                         Resource Person


              Siva Sivakumar

First Name       Muttucumaru (Siva)
Last Name        Sivakumar


Country          Australia


Institution      University of Wollongong
Title            Associate Professor
Address          Environmental Engineering
                 Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
E-mail           siva@uow.edu.au
Experience:
successfully supervision and completion of 18 PhDs. A career total of over 175 technical publications in referred
Journals and conferences. Over 25 years teaching and research experience in the area of Environmental
Engineering and Technology with special expertise in water and environmental engineering. Founded and
established the research and teaching programs in Environmental Engineering at the University of Wollongong.
Co-Founder of Futureworld Eco-Technology Centre, a community based not-for-profit organisation that promotes
the development and demonstration of ecologically sustainable technologies.
Visiting Professor/Academic positions held In University of Minnesota, USA; University of Hiedelberg, Germany;
Shenyang University, China; Indian Institute of Science, India and James Cook University, Queensland, Australia. Sri
Sathya Sai University, Puttaparthy, India.
Advisor/Consultant to United Nations (Healthabitat) /Asian Development Bank- Value based water and sanitation
education. Resource person UNEP-Tongji IESD- LP.
Fellow, Institution of Engineers, Australia; Chartered Professional Engineer;
Currently Vice-President of Futureworld Eco-Technology Centre.
                                    2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                  on Environment for Sustainable Development
                        Resource Person


                          Yajie

First Name      Yajie
Last Name       SONG



Country         Yale University, USA


Institution     Global Institute of Environment and
                Sustainable Development (GIESD) at
                Yale & Yale School of Forestry and
                Environmental Studies
Title           Research Scholar and Director
Address         40 Pleasant Street, New Haven, CT
                06511-3827, USA
E-mail          giesd@yale.edu,
                Yajie.song@yale.edu


Experience
   Dr. Yajie Song has enormous teaching, research and development experiences with publications, from the areas
of international and development economics, social and community forestry to urban environment and
management in China, Asia Pacific and the United States. He has been serving as adjunct professors at Tsinghua
University, Tongji University, Lanzhou University, Tianjin University of Technologies and Nanjing University of
Information Science and Technology in China. He also was consultant to UNEP and the World Bank. Currently,
Dr. Song is Principal Investigator of Yale Collaborative Urban Environmental Crisis Management (UECM)
Research Project , the co-founder and Executive Director of Yale-Tsinghua Environment and Sustainable
Development Leadership Program (ESDLP, 2002-present) and founding resource person of UNEP-Tongji Asia
Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment and Sustainable Development (2002-present). Dr. Song it the
co-founder and the Executive Director of the Global Institute on Environment for Sustainable Development
(GIESD) at Yale, USA.
                                     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                   on Environment for Sustainable Development
                         Resource Person


              Wang Chuanxing

First Name       Chuanxing
Last Name        WANG



Country          China



Institution      Center for America Studies, School of
                 Political Science and International
                 Relations, Tongji University
Title            Vice Director
Address          1239 Siping Road, Shanghai, China
                 200092
E-mail           wangchuanxing@tongji.edu.cn




Experience
   Wang Chuanxing, graduated from the School of International Relationships and Public Affairs, Fudan University
with a Ph.D. degree majoring in international relations in 2001, is currently an associate professor of the
Department of International Politics under the School of Political Science and International Relations, Tongji
University. In July 2005, funded by the U.S.-based International Visitor Program, I had an academic trip around the
academic institutions and universities in several American cities, including Washington D.C., Boston, Chapel Hill
(North Carolina), Seattle, and San Francisco. Between September 2007 and August 2008, funded by China
Scholarship Council, I worked as a visiting scholar at Fairbank Center, Harvard University. Besides, I have
opportunities to participate in various international conferences (academic). My academic interests cover from IRT
to U.S. politics and U.S. foreign policy, as well as China-U.S. relations. My publications include academic papers and
translations.
                                     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                   on Environment for Sustainable Development
                          Resource Person


                             Apz

First Name      Akpezi
Last Name       Ogbuigwe



Country         Nigeria


Institution     UNEP (On leave of absence)
Title
Address         6, Eleme street, Old GRA,
                Portharcourt, Nigeria.
E-mail          Apz.African@gmail.com;
                flymummy@yahoo.com


Experience
Up until June 2010 before taking a two year leave of absence for research, Akpezi ogbuigwe was the Head of the
Environmental Education and Training Programme in UNEP where she amongst others things coordinated UNEP’s
multi-stakeholders programme on Mainstreaming Environment and Sustainability in African Universities (MESA)
and the students movement on Sustainability Generation. She was also UNEP’s lead focal point for the UN Decade
of Education for Sustainable Development; a trainer and facilitator at most UNEP’s training programmes and
international fora; focal point for UNEP in the UNESCO-UNIVOC International Consultation on Education for
Sustainable Development: Engaging the Corporate Sector; UNEP’s focal point, trainer and facilitator for the
UNEP/University of Joensuu Course on International Environmental Law Making and Diplomacy and lead writer of
the UNEP Environmental Education and Training Implementation Strategy for 2008 – 2011. Before joining UNEP in
2002 she was a Reader and Dean, Faculty of Law, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Portharcourt,
Nigeria.
                                          2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                        on Environment for Sustainable Development


                            Resource Person


                     Deo Prasad

First Name         Deo
Last Name          Prasad



Country            Australia



Institution        University of New South Wales
Title              Professor
Address            Sydney 2052       Australia
E-mail             d.prasad@unsw.edu.au



Experience:
   Professor Prasad is an international authority on sustainable buildings and cities. Deo won the 2006 RAIA National Education Award for
contribution to ‘sustainability education, research and design’. In 2004 he won the NSW State Government’s individual GreenGlobe Award
for ‘showing leadership and commitment to the supply of renewable energy’. He has also won the Federal Government’s national award for
‘outstanding contribution to energy related research’. Deo sits on numerous Boards and Advisory Committees in this field including the
Canadian Government’s Solar Buildings Research Network (Concordia Montreal), UNEP Eco-Peace Leadership Centre (Seoul), UNEP-Tongji
Institute of Environment for Sustainable Development (Shanghai), UNEP (Asia Pacific) Special committee on sustainable cities (Bangkok),
International Solar Energy Society (Freiburg) and chairs the Standards Australia committee on energy in buildings. Deo chairs the Asia Pacific
Global Civil Society Forum and represents the region at the Global Ministerial Forum on the Environment in Nairobi annually. He chaired the
2008 ANZSES/ISES Asia Pacific Conference on Solar Energy, 2001 ISES Solar World Congress (Co-chair - Adelaide) having chaired the 2004
ANZSES Annual Conference and numerous similar events. In 2009 Deo was one of two Australians (of a total of 18) named as ‘champions for
green developments’ in Asia Pacific by the highly regarded Singapore based journal ‘FuturArc’ (published by BCI Asia). In 2009 Deo has also
been named as a Sydney Ambassador by the NSW Government for promoting Sydney as a destination for high end scientific events.
   Professor Deo Prasad has made substantial contributions to the field of green buildings research in Australia and overseas, Deo's
key contributions are in the area of sustainable buildings, its key indicators and synthesising these into either assessment tools or
building design. Deo has conducted numerous case studies of all building types for their sustainability credentials (published by the
Australian Council for Building Design Professions - EDGe Notes; 1995-2006). Prasad has recently supervised four doctoral
investigations in the field of assessment and monitoring tools for sustainable buildings and cities. These researchers have uncovered
some fundamental problems and opportunities in environmental monitoring such as risk and uncertainty, the need for GIS linked
methodology and two of the projects have looked at applying such methods in China and India. Additional two doctoral students of
his are investigating indoor environmental quality and performance in green and non-green buildings in Singapore and Seoul. One of
his doctoral students recently completed her thesis on benchmarking indoor air quality in buildings in Japan. Deo has recently
completed a collaborative project with researchers from the University of Queensland developing standards and indicators for
sustainable tourism development. Project outcomes including an assessment and monitoring system and related benchmarks and
methodologies for incorporating indoor air quality as an indicator in the framework. The work is for Green Globe Asia-Pacific, an
Australian company, which certifies tourism developments for their sustainability. It requires ongoing assessment and certification.
Deo is a consultant on two current projects in Singapore (funded by Singapore Government/BCA) through the National University of
Singapore (NUS):
          Post occupancy evaluation of Greenmark Assessment System for green buildings in Singapore
         Building integrated photovoltaics (this project included the recently launched Zero Energy Office building for BCA).
                                     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                   on Environment for Sustainable Development
                         Resource Person


                         Kumar

First Name       Sivanappan
Last Name        Kumar



Country          India/Thailand



Institution      Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)
Title            Professor
Address          Energy Field of study, AIT, Klong
                 Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
E-mail           kumar@ait.ac.th



Experience
Professor Kumar received his B. Eng (Honours) in Mechanical Engineering from University of Madras, India;
Master of Engineering (Energy Technology) from Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand; and Ph.D from
Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, France. He was Reader at the Madurai Kamaraj University, India, and
Program Research Fellow of the International Centre of Theoretical Physics (ICTP) at the University of Ancona,
Italy. He joined AIT as Assistant Professor in 1995, and currently is a Professor in the same institute since 2005. He
was the Dean of the School of Environment, Resources and Development at AIT during 2005 – August 2009.

Prof. Kumar teaches, carries out research, training, and outreach in the areas of renewable energy resource and
technologies, climate change and green house gas mitigation, solar energy, cleaner production, and energy and
sustainable development. He has supervised more than sixty masters and twelve doctoral students, has published
more than forty book chapters/monographs; more than sixty international peer reviewed articles, presented more
than sixty papers in conferences, seminars and workshops, and more than thirty key note lectures. At AIT, he also
has carried out more than fifty sponsored research projects including equipment testing and capacity building
programmes.
                                    2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                  on Environment for Sustainable Development
                         Resource Person


                          Feifei

First Name      Feifei
Last Name       ZHU



Country         China



Institution     Shanghai University of Sport
Title
Address         Chenjiagou village,Henan
                Province,China
E-mail          Zhufeifei1984@gmail.com



Experience
The Master of Chenjiagou Taichi Quan School
First Level National Athlete
Founder of Tongji University Taichi Quan Association
Head Teacher of Fudan University Taichi Quan Association
                                     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                   on Environment for Sustainable Development
                          Resource Person


                   Professor Li

First Name        Guangming                                                 Your Photo
Last Name         LI



Country           China



Institution       College of Environmental Science
                  and Engineering
Title             Vice Dean
Address           1239 Siping Road, Shanghai
                  200092 China
E-mail            ligm@tongji.edu.cn



Experience
       Honorary professorship in School of Environmental Sciences of University of East Anglia for
        period 1 October 2007 to 31 October 2012.
       PUBLICATIONS (SELECTED PAPERS, 2006 - 2009):
1.      WEEE recovery strategies and the WEEE treatment status in China. Journal of Hazardous
        Materials. B, 2006, 136:502-512
2.      Preparation of rare-earth metal complex oxide catalysts for catalytic wet air oxidation. Frontiers
        of Environmental Science and Engineering in China. 2007, 1(2):190-195
3.      Effect of operating conditions on separation performance of reactive dye solution with
        membrane process. Journal of Membrane Science. 2008, 321:183-189
4.      Hydrogen production from biomass wastes by hydrothermal gasification. Energy Sources, Part
        A, 2008, 30:1166-1178
5.      Experimental study on the rejection of salt and dye with cellulose acetate nanofiltration
        membrane. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. 2009, 40(3):289-295
6.      Evaluation of human thermal comfort near urban waterbody during summer. Building and
        Environment. 2010, 45(4):1072-1080
                                     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                   on Environment for Sustainable Development
                        Resource Person


                        Dongjie

First Name      Dongjie
Last Name       NIU



Country         China



Institution     UNEP-IESD
Title           Associate professor
Address         1239, Siping Rd, Shanghai, China
E-mail          tjniudj@gmail.com



Experience
She involved in a series of projects on anaerobic digestion of organic wastes and landfill leachate treatment,
including 863 high-tech projects supported by Ministry of Science and Technology of China and projects
sponsored by Shanghai Science and Technology Committee, etc.
                                  2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                on Environment for Sustainable Development
                      Resource Person


                              JY

  First Name      Jing-Yuan
  Last Name       WANG


  Country        Singapore


  Institution    Nanyang Technological University
  Title          Associate Professor
  Address        c/o School of Civil and Environmental
                 Engineering, Nanyang Technological
                 University,   50      Nanyang    Ave,
                 Singapore 639798
  E-mail         jywang@ntu.edu.sg


Experience:



  Dr. Wang is an Associate Professor in the School of Civil & Environmental Engineering of Nanyang
Technological University (NTU) in Singapore. He is currently Co-Director of NTU’s Residues and Resource
Reclamation Centre (R3C). He has over 20 years of environmental teaching, consulting, and research
experience and is a professional environmental engineer of the State of Georgia, USA. Over the years, as a
consulting/research engineer, Dr. Wang has been providing technical support to Taiwan EPA, US EPA, US
DOE, US Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Singapore National Environment Agency, and many other
public/private sectors in various environmental projects. Dr Wang has published 111 referred journal and
conference papers and more than 40 technical reports. As the lead principal investigator, his research
team has recently been awarded S$10M by Singapore National Research Foundation to work on
sustainable urban waste management for the next five years (2010 – 2015). For further information,
please access Dr. Wang’s web site at http://www3.ntu.edu.sg/home/jywang/wang/.
                                    2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                  on Environment for Sustainable Development
                        Resource Person


                     LI Fengting

First Name      Fengting
Last Name       LI



Country         China



Institution     College of Environmental Science
                and      Engineering,    UNEP-Tongji
                Institute   of    Environment    for
                Sustainable Development
Title           Professor and Vice Dean
Address


E-mail          lifengting@gmail.com



Experience
Professor Li received his PhD in Chemistry from Nanjing University in 1997. He has published to date 100 refereed
articles in professional journals and 2 books. Additionally, he has finished 20 technical reports and projects on
research conducted for industry.

Dr Li's research has focused on treatment of water and waste water by chemical treatment. Current research
areas include evaluation of adsorption and fate endocrine disturbing chemicals in aquatic environments,
separation of alga from waters for resource with nano-adsorbents. He has worked extensively in the area of
coagulant design and application on drinking water and wastewater treatment. His group has finished 20 projects
about the treatment of waste water and coagulant production and 10 national standards of water treatment
chemicals. In 2009, his group published the report “The strategy of energy-related carbon emission reduction in
Shanghai”.

Environmental problems are now regional and global ones. Dr Li and his institute cooperate with UNEP to chair the
Leadership Program of Environment for Sustainable Development in Asia and Pacific. In the college and institute
he is responsible for the international cooperation and education.
                                   2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                 on Environment for Sustainable Development
                Resource Person(Coordinator)


                      DONG Li

First Name     Li
Last Name      Dong



Country        China



Institution    UNEP-Tongji      Institute       of
               Environmental   for     Sustainable
               Development, Tongji University
Title          Project officer
Address
E-mail         dongli@tongji.edu.cn



Experience
Ms Dong Li is a Chinese national with more than six years’ experience working in environmental training and
education. She has worked as a project officer of UNEP-Tongji Institute of Environmental for Sustainable
Development for over 4 years. Before joining IESD April 2004, she was a project manager for the Center for
Environmental Education and Communication of State Environmental Protection Administration of China (SEPA)
focused on environmental training of municipal governors.
      2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
    on Environment for Sustainable Development




Participant Profile




                                                 Participant Profile
     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
   on Environment for Sustainable Development




Northeast Asia
                                      2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                    on Environment for Sustainable Development
                           Participant


              Batjargal Damba

First Name     Batjargal
Last Name      Damba



Country        Mongolia


Institution                                                Fax
Title                                                      E-mail           Bachka_8@yahoo.com,
                               th            th
Address        Door #22, 22 khoroo, 5 street,                               batjargal@waterproject.mn
               Songino-Khairkhan      district,            Work Phone
               Ulaanbaatar



Experience


                  Name of Employer                                  Job title & date of Employment
 Water Authority, Government Implementing agency,         Officer, Department of Water Resources Utilization /
 Mongolia                                                 2005-2009/
 Project of IWRM, Mongolia                                Groundwater monitoring expert
                                                          from 1st of April to 31th of sep 2009
 Project of IWRM, Mongolia                                Groundwater expert
                                                          Jan 1, 2010
                                 2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                               on Environment for Sustainable Development
                      Participant


           Wang Jingjing

   First Name       Jingjing
   Last Name        Wang


   Country          P. R. China


   Institution      Center for Environmental Education           Fax       8610-84653813
                    and Communications of MEP
                                                                 E-mail    jjw-112@126.com
   Title            Project Manager
                                                                 Work      8610-84630870
   Address          No.1#,       Yuhuinanlu,       Chaoyang
                                                                 Phone
                    District, Beijing, P. R. China


 Experience



      Jul.2008- Project Manager at Environmental Training Section of Center for Environmental
Education and Communications of Ministry of Environmental Protection, responsible for the domestic
training for senior government officials in the field of environmental protection and international training
projects.
      Jul.2010 Training on the Environmental Report of Enterprises in Tokyo Japan.
      Jul.-Dec.2009, Temporarily working at International Training Division of Bureau of Training for Senior
Officials of the Organization Department of Central Committee of Communist Party of China.
      Oct.-Nov. 2006 Training on APEC e-Learning Program in Busan, South Korea
      Sep.2004-Sep.2005 Teaching English for Senior One students at Kurle No.4 Middle School in
Xinjiang Autonomous District, which is part of a Nation-level Volunteer Program.
      Awards: Nov.2007 “Comprehensive Scholarship for Graduate Students at BNU”
               Jun.2005 “Honored Citizen in Kurle” and “Outstanding Volunteer in Kurle”.
               Dec.2003 “Outstanding Undergraduate Students” Scholarship Sponsored by Baoshan Iron
       and Steel Company
               Dec.2002 “Outstanding Student Leader in Beijing”
                                              2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                            on Environment for Sustainable Development
                                Participant


                         Dong Yao

First Name         Yao
Last Name          Dong




Country            China




Institution        UNEP RRC.APEP RRC. AP
Title              Programme Officer
Address            UNEP RRC.AP            c/o Asian Institute of      Fax                +662-516-2125
                                    rd
                   Technology, 3         Floor, Outreach Building,    E-mail             Yao.Dong@rrcap.unep.org
                   P.O. Box 4, Klongluang, Pathumthani 12120          Work Phone         +662-524-6244
                   Thailand




Experience

Mechanism Formulation, Maintenance and Development
Formulate Maintain and Develop international, regional, sub-regional, and bilateral High Level Dialogue and Cooperation Mechanism
to strengthen the related cooperation in the field of environmental protection, sustainable development and WTO trade and
environment issues.


Projects Development and Management
Recognized the demand and priorities for international cooperation and the interest of stakeholders to develop international projects
and manage the implementation of these projects.


Resources Mobilization
Mobilize the resources including the human and intelligent resource, financial resource and institutional resources to fulfill the
cooperation target in the region.
                                    2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                  on Environment for Sustainable Development
                          Participant


              Wenting Wang

First Name      Wenting
Last Name       Wang



Country         China



Institution                                                Fax
Title                                                      E-mail           445260772@qq.com
Address         China Jiaxing                              Work Phone       13619332608


Experience
I have finished my 4-year high education at Lanzhou Commercial University this July.
     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
   on Environment for Sustainable Development




Southeast Asia
                                     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                   on Environment for Sustainable Development
                             Participant


                             Aim

 First Name       Woranan
 Last Name        Nakbanpote



 Country          Thailand



 Institution      Mahasarakham University                  Fax             + 66 43 754245
 Title            Dr.                                      E-mail          woranan.n@msu.ac.th,
 Address          Department of Biology, Faculty of                        woranan_n@yahoo.com
                  Science, Mahasarakham University         Work Phone      + 66 43 754321 ext. 1163
                  Khamriang, Kantarawichi District
                  Mahasarakham, 44150



Experience

I am a lecturer in the course of Environmental pollution and Environmental microbiology in Mahasarakham
university. My research fields have been focused in phytoremediation, wastewater treatment and
biohydrometallurgy for 10 years. I also have experiences in design the wastewater treatment plant and kerosene
recycling plant. All of my research aim to develop an inexpensive technology to remediate contaminated soil, air
and water.

 Therefore, I would like to attend the Asia-Pacific Leadership Program. This participation will give me an
opportunity to improve and exchange the thinking in environment for urban sustainable development. The
knowledge will be applied to my research and transferred to B Sc, M Sc and Ph D students. In addition,
Mahasarakam province is growing up very fast. The problem of air, water and soil pollution is happening in urban
and spreading to rural areas. Therefore, the thinking in environment for sustainable development should be sent
form Mahasarakham university to Mahasarakham province. Which, I can be the person who transfers them from
this meeting to governor of province and industrial branch of the province.
                                     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                   on Environment for Sustainable Development
                            Participant


                           MITA

First Name      Nurlia Dian
Last Name       Paramita



Country         Indonesia




Institution     Center For Disaster And Environment        Fax             +62274-387646
                Studies
                                                           E-mail          ndipa21@yahoo.com
Title           S.IP
                                                           Work Phone      +62274-387656 ext.159
Address         Jl. Lingkar Barat Tamantirto Kasihan
                Bantul-Yogyakarta Indonesia



Experience
1.5th School of Peace Studies and Conflict Transformation Bangkok-Thailand (one of
participants)
2.The Climate Project-Grand Connectors Training, Jakarta-Indonesia (one of connectors from 250
participants)
                                      2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                    on Environment for Sustainable Development
                             Participant


              Bustamin, S.St.Pi

First Name       Bustamin                                                        Your Photo
Last Name        -



Country          Indonesia



Institution      Directorate General of Marine, Coast
                 and Small Island Affairs, the Ministry
                 of Marine Affairs and Fisheries
Title            Staff of Planning Division of DG.           Fax              (+62 21 351 2457)
                 Marine Coast and Small Island Affairs       E-mail           bustamin55@yahoo.co.id
Address          Jl. Medan Merdeka Timur No. 16              Work Phone       +62 21 351 2457/352 2060
                 Jakarta 10110 Indonesia


Experience :



  The Bird’s Head Seascape (BHS) in West Papua at following the training of Marine Protected Area (MPA), which was he
ld on 24 August-1 September 2009 by sponsored CI, NOAA, TNC, WWF
Bachelor Scholarship
                                                  2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                                on Environment for Sustainable Development
                                     Participant


                           ANTHONY

First Name             Anthony
Last Name              Penaso



Country                Philippines



Institution            Central Mindanao University                                  Fax                    +63 88 356-1852
Title                  Vice President for Research & Extension                      E-mail                 anpen1972@yahoo.com
Address                Musuan, Maramag, Bukidnon                                    Work Phone             +63 88 356-1852
                       8710 Philippines



Experience
First Summa Cum Laude Graduate of Central Mindanao University (1992); Scholar, Commission on Higher Education – Mindanao Advanced Education Project

(1997 – 2000); Fulbright Scholar, The Pennsylvania State University, USA (2000-2001); Scholar/Grantee, Department of Science and Technology (DOST) –

Philippine Council for Advanced Science and Technology Research and Development (PCASTRD) (2001-2002); Grantee, National Research Council of the

Philippines (2005); Grantee, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Youth Invitation Programme in Environmental Conservation (2006); Grantee, United

States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the University of California – Berkeley, Beahrs Environmental Leadership Program (2007); Grantee,

International Association for Traffic and Safety Sciences (IATSS) Honda Foundation, 44th IATSS Forum of Young Asian Leaders (2008); Fellow, Netherlands

Fellowship Programme, Executive Program in Management, Maastricht School of Management (2009); CHED-MAEP Outstanding Research Paper Award (2001);

CMU Best Research Paper – Development Category (2005 & 2008); Manuel B. Villar, Jr. Excellence Award (2005); Youngest Vice President of state universities

and colleges in the Philippines (2003); Board Director, Central Mindanao University Faculty Association (2002-2004); Board Director, CHED-MAEP Alumni and

Scholars Association (2004-2006); Member, Project Policy Committee and Chairperson, Project Operations Committee, Mindanao Sustainable Settlement Area

Development (MINSSAD) Project (Agriculture and Environment Development Project) – Department of Agrarian Reform (2004-2007); Project Director, University

Network with Local Government for Agriculture and Environment Development (UNLAD) Project (2006 - 2008); Project Director, Jatropha Curcas

Production, Research and Development for Biofuel Project (2006-2008); Program Adviser, CMU - Community-Based Sustainable Development Program

(COMBASUDEP) (2003-2007); Member, Organizing Committee, International Forum on Sustainable Agriculture and Genetic Engineering (2005); Member,

Steering Committee, 2nd International Symposium on Long-Term Ecological and Biodiversity Research in East Asia Region (2006); Project Leader for Adoption

Studies, USAID-SANREM-CRSP Agroforestry and Sustainable Vegetable Production in Southeast Asian Watersheds Project (2006-2009); Youngest Regional

Consortium Director of the PCARRD National Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Network (2009-present).
                                  2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                on Environment for Sustainable Development
                         Participant


                         DAE

First Name     Ma. Bernadeth
Last Name      Lim



Country        Philippines



Institution    UNEP RRC.AP                               Fax            66-2-524-6233
Title          Associate Programme Officer               E-mail         bernadeth@rrcap.unep.org
Address        Asian Institute of Technology, Klong      Work Phone     662-524-6239
               Luang, Pathumthani Thailand 12120



Experience:
   Guided campus and community student leaders and organized various seminars in Cagayan Philippines,
    while serving as an Officer-in-Charge of Agape Rural Program (ARP), a non-government organization
    which has garnered prestigious local, national and international awards such as Bayaning Filipino by
    ABS-CBN Philippines and Sasakawa Awards by UNEP Geneva.
   Served as the adviser of the Philippine Institute of Civil Engineering Students (PICES) while serving as
    faculty member of the Cagayan State University (CSU), Cagayan Philippines in 2008.
   Assisted a community in Palawan and Cagayan, Philippines for more than 2 years in the area of
    community development through ARP.
   Served as the Vice President of PICES and First Councilor of the Student Body Organization at CSU during
    my undergraduate studies.
   Served as the President and the Vice-President of the Math Club and Book Club respectively, during the
    secondary school at the University of Saint Louis Tuguegarao, Cagayan Philippines in 1996.
   Consistently served as Class President during Grade School (Grade 1-6) at Uganc Elementary School,
    Cagayan, Philippines in 1987-1993.
                                              2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                            on Environment for Sustainable Development
                                    Participant


                                    Bach

First Name            Bach
Last Name             Dang Dinh




Country               Vietnam




Institution           The    Law    and    Policy    of
                      Sustainable
Title                 Development Research Center
                      Vice-Director                                             Fax                     +84 -4-62852660

Address               Room      401,   A   Building,      190                   E-mail                  bachlpsd@gmail.com
                      Nguyen                                                    Work Phone              +84-4-62852660
                      Tuan, Thanh Xuan, Hanoi, Vietnam




Experience


Graduating    in   law with specialization          of    Master    of    Law          of      State   and     administrative   law        and     policy,
I've
demonstrated my interest and concerns to environment and sustainable development of Vietnam as well as the
region      through     different      leading    position      which I have      been        taken.   It    includes    Government        body,     media
agency, research organization, NGOs such as Chief Executive, Vice- Director, project manager.                           During nearly
10 years working focus on sustainable development, overcoming many challenges,                          my involvement may have
gained some considerable achivements:
 From 2004-2007, I contributed mainly             to disseminate knowledge and information of sustainable development
and     environmental    protection     through     working        for   Review   of        State   management,         Newspaper     of    Trade      and
Industry, especially during the time working for the Review of Law and Development as Chief Executive.
From 2007 up to now, being one of the founders and                 working as Vice director of the LPSD, which is recognised
as one of the first research NGOs emerging in the field of law and policy for sustainable development in Vietnam,
I've involved directly to the various projects in field of environment for sustainable development and contributed
to their successes.
   2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
 on Environment for Sustainable Development




South Asia
                                   2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                 on Environment for Sustainable Development
                         Participant


                   Namindra

First Name     Ngamindra
Last Name      Dahal



Country        Nepal



Institution    National Trust for Nature
               Conservation
Title          Energy and Climate Change                 Fax             +977 1 5526570
               Coordinator                               E-mail          ngamindra@gmail.com
Address        NTNC Complex, Khumaltar, Lalitpur,        Work Phone      +977 1 5526571
               Nepal



Experience
    1. Leading climate change and energy portfolio of NTNC since July 2003.
    2. Leading the training programs for government employees on climate change and environment
       management themes in the capacity of Training and Communication Specialist, Ministry of Environment
       with a support from ADB (2009 – 2011).
    3. Won the UNEP –Eco Peace Leadership Centre fellowship 2009 through a competition and participated in
       the 3rd international Forum held in South Korea in February 2010. I made a presentation on promoting
       peace and cooperation through partnership with youth and children from squatter areas along the
       Bagmati River Corridor in Nepal (2009-2010).
    4. Led study tours for Nepal’s parliament members as well as international journalists on the impacts of
       climate change along the Himalayan mountains and low-lying flood plains of Nepal. As a result, the
       all-party team of parliament members submitted a status paper to parliament meeting for consideration
       while drafting the new constitution of the country. The international media coverage helped the Nepal
       government delegates to present and defend their issues in UNFCCC forum particularly during and after
       COP 15 (Copenhagen, Dec 2009).
                                     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                   on Environment for Sustainable Development
                            Participant


              Pushkin Phartiyal

First Name      Pushkin
Last Name       Phartiyal



Country         India




Institution     Central Himalayan Environment             Fax              +91 5942 233099
                Association (CHEA)
                                                          E-mail           pushkin.lead@gmail.com
Title           Executive Director
                                                          Work Phone       +91 9412085099
Address         06, Waldorf Compound, Nainital,
                263001, Uttarakhand, India



Experience
Dr. Pushkin Phartiyal is Executive Director of Central Himalayan Environment Association (CHEA), a pioneering
environmental NGO established in 1982 and working for Indian Central Himalayan region. The organization has
taken up several developmental interventions focusing on livelihood based management of natural resource and
sustainable development. Earlier to this assignment Dr. Phartiyal was a faculty with the Centre for Development
Studies at Uttarakhnad State Academy of Administration, Naini Tal, India.

He has been awarded three times with the National Award for Excellence in Writing by Government of India and
an award for grassroots innovation by the National Innovation Foundation. Dr. Phartiyal has a vast international
exposure by participating in developmental workshops and trainings in Japan, Mexico, Germany, Pakistan, Nepal,
Kenya, Mali, Indonesia, Thailand, Canada, USA, China and United Kingdom. He was selected and undertaken
Environmental Leadership from the University of California at Berkeley and Commonwealth Professional
Fellowship of United Kingdom.

Dr. Phartiyal has a post-graduate degree in Sociology and History, Ph D in History and Post Graduate Diplomas in
Journalism & Mass Communication and Tourism. His area of expertise is participatory approaches for sustainable
development in the fragile Himalayan region.
                                    2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                  on Environment for Sustainable Development
                           Participant


                       Nazima

First Name      Nazima
Last Name       Shaheen



Country         Pakistan



Institution     Sustainable Development Policy
                Institute                                   Fax             +92 51 2278135
Title           Senior Research Associate                   E-mail          nazima@sdpi.org
Address         20 Hill Road, F-6/3, Islamabad              Work Phone      +92 51 2278134
                Pakistan



Experience
     I was selected for a three weeks’ Beahrs Environmental Leadership Program (ELP) on Sustainable
        Environmental Management, of the University of California at Berkeley. The program was offered under
        the auspices of the Center for Sustainable Resource Development, College of Natural Resources,
        University of California, Berkeley, USA from June 25 to July 17, 2010. On the basis of my performance in
        the training course, I was one of three (out of forty) participants selected for an interview for the 10th
        anniversary video of the ELP. The video will be accessible online soon. Besides this honour, my marketing
        plan/research proposal on “Cotton pickers’ bitter harvest” developed during the training was also well
        received by the evaluators and this was also ranked as the best proposal. The course organizers
        nominated me as the focal person for Steering Committee, South Asian Alumni Network Beahs ELP.
     I was also selected as a young environment leader by United Nations Environment Program-Eco-Peace
        Leadership Center (UNEP-EPLC) South Korea under their leadership program, 2007-2008. Under this
        program, I conducted and presented the research study on Revival of agriculture in Pakistan through
        organic farming at the World Environmental Forum, organized by UNEP-EPLC, South Korea from January
        31- February 1, 2008. UNEP – EPLC appreciated the research study and uploaded it on their web page:
        http://www.unepeplc.org/eng_act/eng_act3.htm?gall_no=1&no=8&mode=view&mode2=view&groups=R
        ural
     Wrote a section on Towards less noise pollution for National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS),
        Pakistan
     Attended various international environmental / sustainable development forums and presented research
        studies on different environmental/social issues
     I have co-authored and authored various research studies in just five years of my professional experi-ence.
     SDPI has just selected as the Member of the regional level Task Force on Male Deceleration, by
    UNEP and I am part of that task force team.
    2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
  on Environment for Sustainable Development




South Pacific
                                      2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                    on Environment for Sustainable Development
                            Participant


                Marita Muller

First Name        Marita
Last Name         Muller



Country           Australia (currently working in China)



Institution       UNESCO                                   Fax
Title             Natural Sciences Support Officer         E-mail          ma.muller@unesco.org
Address           Jianguomen, Beijing                      Work Phone      01065327683




 Experience
           Australian Youth Ambassador for Development, 2010
           Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts Award for Public Service, 2009
           Certificate IV in Investigations (Government), 2008
           Diploma of Project Management, 2008
           Graduate Program at Australian Government’s Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage
            and the Arts, 2008
           Top Graduate Award – Law/Science, Griffith University, 2007
           Bachelor of Laws (with First Class Honors)/Bachelor of Environmental Science, 2007
           Coauthored an article on “Sentencing of Land Clearing Offences” in the Australasian Environmental
            Law Enforcement and Regulators Network Journal.
           Australian Government Scholarship for Exchange to Sheffield University, UK, to study
            Environmental Law, 2006
           Travelled to Sabah, Malaysia, to undertake biodiversity research, 2005
           Full academic scholarship to Griffith University, 2003
           International Baccalaureate Certificates in Geography and German, 2002
           Goodwin Award for Community Service, 2002
  2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
on Environment for Sustainable Development




Observers
                                  2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                on Environment for Sustainable Development
                         Participant


              Michael MIKOS

First Name     Michael
Last Name      MIKOS



Country        Germany



Institution    UNEP - Tongji Institute for
               Environment & Subtainable
               Development
Title          Student
Address        Room 307, Int. Students Bldg 4
               Zhang Wu Rd. 100                        Fax
               Tongji University                       E-mail          mikos.michael@gmail.com
               Shanghai 200092                          Work Phone
               People’s Republic of China



Experience
                                             2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                           on Environment for Sustainable Development
                                  Participant


                            Prabesh

 First Name          Prabesh
 Last Name           Paudyal



 Country             Nepal



 Institution         UNEP-Tongji Institute of Environment
                                                                         Fax
                     for Sustainable Development
                                                                         E-mail
 Title               Student
                                                                         Work Phone          86-15026814925
 Address             Shanghai




Experience
(a) From: 1 Dec 2008                    To: 1 March 2009
Employer:                                           ITECO Nepal Pvt. Ltd.
Position Held and
Description of Duties
Civil Engineer, Likhu IV Hydroelectric Project (120 MW), Nepal (ITECO JV) - Major responsible for the Cost Estimate and rate analysis of
the Hydropower Project. All the Civil Engineering Calculation of the Concrete Work, Shotcrete, Excavation, Grouting, Rock bolt, Steel
lining, in poor condition in the rock and the good Condition in the Rock. Related Bio–Engineering, Calculation of the Soil Stabilization,
Pondage Area Calculation of the Dam, its effect, River Protection works, Diversion works etc.

(b) From: May 2008            To: mid July 2008
Employer:               Socio Economic Agro Forestry & Environment (SAFE) Concern
Position Held and
Description of Duties
Associate hydrologist of the research study on vulnerability assessment and formulation of Climate change adaptation strategies for
Langtang national park and buffer zone funded by WWF (World Wildlife Fund). – The task was to visit different areas in Langtang
national park and check the community infrastructure, ground and drinking water being affected by climate change. The other task
was to measure the glacier retreat and the volume measurement of different rivers.

(c) From: Mid Dec 2007      To: March 2008
Employer:              Quest for Progress Pvt. Ltd.

Description of Duties
Involved as Team Member in the Social Team of the Budhi Gandaki Hydro-Electric Project: Budhi Gandaki Hydro Electric project is a
600 MW project, where the social and environmental implication is very high being a storage type hydropower. The team worked in
the environmental and social dynamics. The Budhi Gandaki social team was headed by a social scientist.
                                     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                   on Environment for Sustainable Development
                           Participant


                       GRIFFIN

First Name       Griffin
Last Name        Sakala



Country          ZAMBIA



Institution      IESD, TongJi University                  Fax
Title            Student                                  E-mail          griffin152000@yahoo.co.uk
Address          100 ZhangWu Road, Block 4, Room          Work Phone
                 1116



Achievements
         Vice President of the Monze Secondary School debating society from 1998 to 1999
         Was the best Speaker in Zambian Southern Provincial secondary schools debate contest in 1999.
         Best graduating student at Monze Secondary School in 1999.
         President of the University of Zambia Development Association from 2004 to 2005.
         Graduated from the University of Zambia with merit having specialized in Development Studies and
          Sociology.
         Briefly worked for UNICEF in Lusaka in 2006 as a research assistant.
         Has worked for the Government of Zambia for the last three (3) years in the Ministry of Labour and
          Social Security from 2007 to date.
         Was honoured as employee of the year and awarded for outstanding commitment to duty in 2009
          by the Minister of Labour and Social Security of Zambia.
         Was awarded a CSC scholarship to pursue a Masters Degree at Tongji University by the People and
          Government of China.
                                      2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                                    on Environment for Sustainable Development


                             Participant


                Mohammed

First Name      Mohammed Awad
Last Name       Ali Yousif



Country         SUDAN



Institution     Tongji University
Title           Ph.D S
Address         UNEP -Tongji Institute of Environment
                    for Sustainable Development,           Fax
                College of Environmental Science and       E-mail          mohammed_aay@yahoo.com
                    Engineering, Tongji University,        Work Phone
                      Shanghai, 200092, China


Experience
Highlights of achievements:
Mohammed Awad has been serving for five years in conducting research in the field of soil microbiology and
plant nutrition in Sudan, during that time he took part in many national and international workshops training
courses and conferences such as 16th IFOAM Organic World Congress held in Modena, Italy 2008.
He completed his first master degree in soil microbiology in Sudan Academy of science in 2008, and the second
one from UNEP-Tongji Institute of Environment For Sustainable Development in 2010, and in the same year he got
scholarship from shanghai government to pursue his Ph.D degree in the same institute in Tongji University.
He has awarded many prizes, and recently he has given a prize of tongji university president for outstanding
students and a prize of the 5th Shanghai Graduate Students’ Environment Forum.
He has authored and co-authored many reports and scientific papers and his research interest is on soil
microbiology and bio-hydrogen production.
     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
   on Environment for Sustainable Development




Volunteer Profile




                                                Volunteer Profile
                   2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                 on Environment for Sustainable Development



         Volunteer Contact
Chinese Name          ZHOU Nan
English Name          Alex
E-mail Address        xiaowanzhengzn@foxmail.com
Mobile Phone          13818809310
Motto                 There's no wonder in the world,
                      only hardworking can achieve
                      success

Chinese Name          LI Jun
English Name          Edward Lee
E-mail Address        Lijun1465@163.com
Mobile Phone          13671692758
Motto                 No past, no today, just today.




Chinese Name         LIAO Yuankun
English Name         Bob
E-mail Address       liaoyuankunbob@gmail.com
Mobile Phone         15121029548
Motto                Be grateful and enthusiasm to
                     everything.



Chinese Name         YE Xintong
English Name         Vickie
E-mail Address       vickie_ye@163.com
Mobile Phone         13818347017
Motto                God helps those          who      help
                     themselves.



Chinese Name         ZHU Xinyu
English Name         Cherry
E-mail Address       Zhuxinyu.zxy@163.com
Mobile Phone         13916835980
Motto                It is what you want that matters.
                   2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
                 on Environment for Sustainable Development
Chinese Name         YU Pei
English Name         Peipei
E-mail Address       yupei1988@sina.com
Mobile Phone         13636425286
Motto                A ha!




Chinese Name          ZHANG Jiali
English Name          Elyse
E-mail Address        Elyse_zhang@hotmail.com
Mobile Phone          13968130506
Motto                 Don’t measure life by the breaths
                      you take but by the moments that
                      take your breath away.

Chinese Name          GUO Wenrui
English Name          Gerry
E-mail Address        Liangyu2284@126.com
Mobile Phone          15216718166
Motto                 I can accept failure but I cannot
                      accept not trying.


Chinese Name         WANG Ying
English Name         Elaine
E-mail Address       friend_binye@hotmail.com
Mobile Phone         15216719168
Motto                I’m the king of the world.




Chinese Name          ZHANG Bei
English Name          Bravo
E-mail Address        zbravo@gmail.com
Mobile Phone          13917971005
Motto                 I can accept failure but I cannot
                      accept not trying!
     2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme
   on Environment for Sustainable Development




Course Materials




                                                Course Materials
      2010 Asia Pacific Leadership
            Programme on
     Environment and Sustainable
             Development
      Module 1: Icebreaker , Sustainability
       Warm-up and Self Introductions
                             Robert Steele
                      Director, Systainability Asia
                 Senior Associate / AtKisson Group
                           Bangkok, Thailand
Systainability Asia 2010                              www.atkisson..com 2009
       Leadership Program Icebreaker . . .
       Sustainability Change Agent Bingo
Game Rules
1.   Each person will receive one Bingo Game sheet
2.   The Objective of the game is to secure a Bingo as fast as possible.
     First Five Bingo’s will receive a special prize!
3.   A Bingo = Five adjoining question cells with the names of five
     different people (horizontally, vertically or diagonally)
4.   To Score a Bingo you must mingle with as many people as possible
     to find out who can answer yes to a particular question. You must
     also find out some background information if they do answer yes.
5.   Important Note: You can have an individual’s name on your sheet
     only one time!
6.   We will play for 10 minutes! Any questions?




      Systainability Asia 2010                                   www.atkisson..com 2009
The Sustainability Paradigm…
   Without functioning natural systems, everything
    collapses
   Without functioning economic systems, societies
    cannot advance
   Without functioning social systems, people cannot
    develop.
                        … and at the heart of a sustainable
                        future are sustainable people -
                        individuals who are ethical,
                        empowered and have the
                        understanding to make the right
                        choices in their own lives.

     Systainability Asia 2010                         www.atkisson..com 2009
1. Who are you? (how shall we call you?)
2. Where are you from (country of origin /
   organisation)
3. What is your position / responsibility (what do
   you do in your organisation? What is your job?)
4. Why did you apply for this LP and what are your
   expectations?




   Systainability Asia 2010
     A little Sustainability Warm-up




Systainability Asia 2010           www.atkisson..com 2009
  History has entered the planetary
phase of civilization in which humanity
 and the biosphere are entwined in a
             common fate.




Systainability Asia 2010          www.atkisson..com 2009
The laws of nature             The trajectories
and biology                    of current trends




 What will be required of us (all nations)
to allow us steer our global human society
      to a more prosperous, equitable,
    harmonious, healthy, peaceful and
       ecologically sustainable world?

The boundaries                 Human nature,
of the planet                  human systems ...
    Systainability Asia 2010            www.atkisson..com 2009
    Two Big Forces at Work

                      Demographic   Unprecedented
                       Explosion       Stress




Technological                       Unprecedented
Revolution                             Stress

                        New World
                        Economy
Economic
                                    Unprecedented
Revolution
                                     Opportunity




     Systainability Asia 2010                  www.atkisson..com 2009
Aspects of the Global Transformation

   Speed

   Scale

   Complexity




     Systainability Asia 2010          www.atkisson..com 2009
The Digital Age




  Systainability Asia 2010   www.atkisson..com 2009
The Age of Mega Cities
   Currently, over ½ (almost 60%) of
    the world’s people now live in
    cities.
   By 2050, that percentage is set to
    increase to 75%
   Seven of the worlds ten largest
    cities are in Asia.




      Systainability Asia 2010           www.atkisson..com 2009
Age of Globalization




 Systainability Asia 2010   www.atkisson..com 2009
Age of Accountability
      Global Corporate Reporting Output by
                      Year




   Systainability Asia 2010                  www.atkisson..com 2009
Age of Angst and Uncertainty




  Systainability Asia 2010     www.atkisson..com 2009
Age of Climate Change




 Systainability Asia 2010   www.atkisson..com 2009
Age of Stupid?




 Systainability Asia 2010   www.atkisson..com 2009
Is it possible for the next Age to be the Age
             of Sustainability ?




                            But what does Sustainability mean?
                            How do we get there?
                            How do we know when we have arrived?
 Systainability Asia 2010                                 www.atkisson..com 2009
                What is Sustainability?
 “There can be little doubt that sustainability is
  one of the most frequently used but least
  understood terms of our time; it is right up there
  with the term strategy when it comes to overuse
  and lack of meaning”

 Source: Hart, S., Capitalism at the crossroads: The unlimited business opportunities in
 solving the world's most difficult problems. 2005,




  Systainability Asia 2010                                                         www.atkisson..com 2009
First things first . . . We have to answer one
very important question first!
In a small group answer the following question….

What is your idea of a ‘flourishing and
 prosperous society, community, city,
 nation’?
   Brainstorm and discuss all the key elements, attributes,
    habits, etc., that would characterize a “flourishing and
    prosperous society”.

   Record your group’s answers on the flip chart paper
    provided.

    Systainability Asia 2010                          www.atkisson..com 2009
According to the UN , . . .
Sustainable Development is . . .

                                “. . . development that meets
                              the needs of the present
                              without compromising the
                              ability of future generations to
                              meet their own needs.”
                               But what must we actually do as
                               individuals, organisations, communities,
                               companies and nations?
    Source: World Commission on Environment and Development, aka “The Brundtland
    Commission,” 1987

   Systainability Asia 2010                                                        www.atkisson..com 2009
                   Let’s simplify




Systainability Asia 2010            www.atkisson..com 2009
Sustainable Development is ...
  . . . a strategic process of continuous
 change in the direction of sustainability.




Systainability Asia 2010                www.atkisson..com 2009
What can a hula hoop teach us about
 doing sustainable development?




Systainability Asia 2010         www.atkisson..com 2009
                                           Too much
                                           “Sustainability”




                                        Not enough
       Sustainability is . . . a set of system conditions
   that can continue indefinitely.




Systainability Asia 2010                              www.atkisson..com 2009
 4 Basic Conditions for Sustainability
 Living within the Earth’s physical and
 biological limits
 Maintaining a vital, prosperous economy
 Supporting social stability, equity, and
 development
 Making individual opportunity, fulfillment, and
 happiness possible



Systainability Asia 2010                     www.atkisson..com 2009
                The Sustainability “Funnel”
                                   We are all in the
                                funnel at the moment:



                                                 Sustainability




Source: Det Naturliga Steget, Sweden   Time


    Systainability Asia 2010                                      www.atkisson..com 2009
The No Hope Graph . . .                                       The Hope Graph
                                                                           Transformation
                                                                                Point
A Symbolic Representation


                                                                                              Objective:

                                         Poverty gap                                          Strive to
                                                                                              PUSH
                                                                  Innovation
                                      Pollution                                               this point
                                                                                              forward and up
                            Destruction of              Empowerment
                          natural habitat
                                                                                              ... implement
                                                       Renewables
                                                                                              Sustainability
                    Fossil fuel use                                                           FASTER ...
                                                   Conservation
Unsustainable
 Technologies                                     Awareness             The Time              ... and REDUCE
                                                                                              the amount of
   & Practices                 Sustainable                                 of                 loss and damage

                              Technologies                              Our Lives
                                & Practices

   1880            1920                 1960                  2000                     2040
  Systainability Asia 2010                                                                       www.atkisson..com 2009
          Thank you for your attention!




                      Questions or Comments


Systainability Asia 2010                      www.atkisson..com 2009
    Sustainable Development
     Paradigm Harmonising
      Soul, Mind and Body

      (Siva) Muttucumaru Sivakumar, PhD
Assoc Professor in Civil and Environmental Engineering
School of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering
             GeoQuest Research Centre
          University of Wollongong, Australia
Have you seen this world map?


           Wollongong
                        y
                  Summary
   What is SD Paradigm?
   Milestones of SD
   SD indicators and progress
   Australian environment
   Five elements of nature
   Soul Mind Body
    Soul-Mind-Body (SMB) relationships
   Who should be in control?
   Harmonising SD- SMB
                     p
   Sustainable Development
 Sustainable
“Sustainable development is defined as
 development that meets the needs of
 the present without compromising the
 ability of future generations to meet
 th i own needs ”
 their           d

    - The Brundtland Report (1987)_ World
 Commission on Environment and Development
 (WCED)
  (Over two decades of awareness and action)
                  g    present
    Goals- meeting the p
          society needs?
        (shelter, health political,
  Social (shelter health, political
    cultural, religious, security etc)
  Economic (j b profits, poverty, security
 E        i (jobs,      fit      t         it
 when not employed etc)
 Environmental (sustainable ecosystems)
 Spiritual ? (could it be the missing link)
      Three aspects of SD

           Environmental




               SD
              Socio-
              S i
              economic

Economic                   Social
                    Three aspects of SD
       Envi                                          Envi
                                 Envi


        SD                        SD
Econ                                    Soc
                                              E
                                              Econ   SD
              Soc      Econ                                 Soc




                          Envi

                          Soc


                         Econ
               p       g
     Goals- compromising the
ability of future generations to
    meet their own needs?
                           f
    Equitable distribution of resources
   Unsustainable use of non-renewable
    resources (eg: peak oil, peak minerals etc)
       g               g greenhouse g
    Targets for reducing g             gases
   Climate change adaptation and mitigation
   Carrying capacity of natural systems
   Alleviating poverty and ill health
   Food insecurity
          y
        Key milestones of
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (SD)
 1987 Bruntland Commission report
 1992 Earth Summit- at Rio (Agenda 21)
    (UN set up Commission on SD- CSD)
 1997 Earth Summit (Rio+5)
 2000 Millennium declaration (MDGs)
 2002 Plan of implementation, Jo-Berg
 (Rio+10)
 2005 Strategy of implementation,
 Mauritius
 M iti
 2012 UN CSD (Rio+20)
 Agriculture            Human            Oceans and seas
 Atmosphere
        p                 settlements      Poverty
                                                  y
 Biodiversity           Indicators       Rural
  Biotechnology          Industry          development
 Capacity-building
  Capacity building      Info. for        Sanitation
 Climate Change          decision-        Science
 Consumption and         making and       Small island
  production patterns     participation     developing states
 Demographics           Integrated        (SIDS)
 Desertification and     decision-        Sustainable
  drought                 making            tourism
 Disaster Reduction     International    Technology
  and Management          law              Toxic chemicals
 Education and          Inter Coop
                          Inter. Coop.     Transport
  awareness              Institutional    Waste
 Energy                  arrangements      (hazardous)
 Fi
  Finance                Land            W t
                                            Waste
 Forests                Major groups      (radioactive)
 Freshwater             Mountains        Waste (solid)
H l h
  Health                 National SD     W t
                                            Water
 Trade and               strategies
                                                     Ref: UN Div on SD
  environment
http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/natlinfo/nsds/nsds_map2010.pdf
  MILLENNIUM
DECLARATION 2000




          http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/#
    Goal #7
   Integrate the principles of sustainable
    d    l       ti t       t     li i
    development into country policies and d
    programs; reverse loss of environmental
    resources

             y         proportion of people
    Reduce by half the p p            p p
    without sustainable access to safe drinking
    water (1.2 billion)

   Reduce by half the proportion of people
    without adequate sanitation (2.4 billion)

   Achieve significant improvement in lives of
    at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
                           Biodiversity:
                           The world has
                           missed the 2010
                           target for
                           biodiversity
                           conservation,
                           with potentially
                           grave
                           consequences




http://www.un.org/en/mdg/summit2010/pdf
                       Slum dwellers:
                       Slum
                       improvements,
                          p
                       though
                       considerable, are
                       failing to keep
                       pace with the
                       growing ranks of
                       the urban poor




http://www.un.org/en/mdg/summit2010/pdf
SoE – Australia


A mega diverse continent



   1996
   2001
   2006
 www.deh.gov.au/soe
 Australian Environment
 Human settlements
 Atmosphere
 Biodiversity
 Coasts and Oceans
 Inland waters
 Land
 Natural and cultural heritage
 Australian Antarctic territory
 Environmental governance
                                                           g
                                               Climate change




                       Carbon dioxide and temperature last 1000 years

                               Cape Grim and South Pole                 350
temperatu ( C)




                               Law Dome ice cores
                 1.0           temperature change
o




                                                                              CO2 (p pm )
        ure




                                                                        300
                 05
                 0.5

                 0.0                                                    250




                                                                                                            g/
                                                                                            http://co2now.org
                 -0.5                                                   200
                    1000     800         600          400   200     0
                                     years before 2000 AD
(.avi)
(.avi)
                                 Average Australian FOOTPRINTS

                                                     =1400 m3/y



                                                    = 16.3 tonnes



                                                      7.6
                                                    = 7 6 hectares
www.waterfootprint.org; www.defra.gov.uk,
                         y
    SoE Australia- summary
 Our footprints are very high
 Adaptation is crucial for survival
 Regulation and incentives
 Managing the land at the right scale
  (system)
 Maintaining and building capability to
  manage (technologies, skills etc)
 Sharing responsibility
    SD progress in Australia and
        around the World!

 Are we setting the right SD targets?
 Is progress in SD taking place in the
  right pace?
 What are the barriers?
       govts.
 Are govts and people ready to make
  changes in their habits as well as
       ifi  ?
  sacrifices?
          SD Activities
SD Policies– Governments
(Federal, State, Local etc)
SD activities by Industries
SD promotion and action by NGOs
SD action by communities
Sustainable living by people
Common thread – ‘People’  The
                 People
                        WATER
Human dimension We are
spiritual beings
                                    Spiritual
                                     (or ‘Dharmic’
                                    Development)
           Environmental




               SD

Economic                   Social
         ‘SD’
 What is ‘ ’ to do with
 Soul, Mind and Body?
   We must understand our
‘real’ interconnection between
       people and nature.
  Then let us investigate the
     intricate relationships
between Body, Mind and Soul WATER
     F    E ment        ure
     Five Elem s of Natu and
              he U erse
             th Unive
                                       p


                             ‘Air’


                    ‘Fire’

           Water

‘Earth’
          ‘Water’
                                     ‘Space’
  Imbalance and unsustainability in
       the l       t l layers
       th 5 elemental l
 Space        exploration,
‘Space’ Space exploration               objects,
                                 Unused objects
Layer   Impure thoughts..        ‘Thought’ pollution
 Air
‘Air’                   fuels,
         Burning fossil fuels                effect,
                                 Greenhouse effect
Layer    fire etc…               ozone hole and ‘air’
                                 p
                                 pollution
‘Fire’   Energy and oil          ‘Toxic chemicals’ and
Layer    exploration…            pollution
‘Water’ Surface and              ‘Water’ pollution, water
Layer   groundwater and          scarcity and loss of
        other activities         fisheries
                      g,
‘Earth’ Land clearing, urban,,          p        ,
                                 ‘Soil’ pollution, loss of
Layer   agricultural and other   biodiversity, loss of
        activities…              arable land
 5 Elements and the Gross Human Body
          The Cogniser, Mind,          5 Inner senses
          Intellect, Egoism,
 Space
‘Space’
          Efflulgence
          Effl l
          Digestion, Life wind thru’   5 Vital airs or
‘Air’     body, Ascending breath,      energies
          Regulating breath,
          Regulating Excretion
          R    l ti E       ti
‘Fire’    Ears, Skin, Eyes, Tongue     5 Organs of
          and Nose                     knowledge

          Sound, Touch, Form,          5 Subtlenesses
‘Water’
          Taste and Smell
          Vocal organs, Hands,         5 Organs of
‘Earth’   Legs, Genitals and           action
          Excretory organs
Human Body and the 5 elements
          5 Inner senses       Lust, Anger,
‘Space’                        Greed, Pride, Envy

          5 Vital airs         Activities,
                               Movement, Shame,
‘Air’                          Fear, Speed
          5 Organs of          Hunger, Thirst
                               Hunger Thirst,
          knowledge            Sleep, Sloth,
‘Fire’
                               Comradeship
          5 Subtleness         Blood, Urine,
‘Water’                        Saliva, Phlegm,
                               Brain
          5 Organs of action   Bone, Skin, Flesh,
‘Earth’                        Veins, Hair
 Imbalance caused by unsustainable
   ti iti t th           b d through
 activities to the gross body th   h
             the five senses
- Taking of drugs (alcohol, smoking and other drugs)
- Excess food consumption (obesity) or lack of food
- Lack of sleep, exercise etc
  Playing i l t        d th     i d disturbing
- Pl i violent games and other mind di t bi
activities
- Anger, jealously, greed, lust, pride and attachment
(six inner enemies of humans)
All 5 senses and the 5 sense organs are
 h    for b l      d j           f h
there f a balanced enjoyment of the 5
               elements.

These 5 elements in humans should be
 in balance to provide happiness and
                peace
                peace.
   Hence Peace and Happiness are
         human’s birthright!
         h       ’ bi h i h !

      However we have Pieces!
                        non harmonious
   due to the result of non-harmonious
           activities and ‘wants’
                  ness nd G P
             Happin s an GDP




            fe           n              ess        er
Trends in lif satisfaction and happine versus pe capita inco                 nt           Sources:
                                                                ome in affluen societies (S
            es
United State chart, Cap                 t          atters, 2005; United Kingdom, Life Satis
                         pitalism As If the World Ma             U                        sfaction,
            n,           s
2002; Japan Happiness and Econom      mics, 2002).

                                                           2
                             Ref: Environment Yale, Spring 2008
     Happiness E
     H   i         ti
               Equation


            Detachment
Happiness 
              Needs

Practice detachment and reduce our needs
       h
      Who am I?
              y
  Am I the Body?
(A watch in My hand, I hurt My leg…)

 Am I the Mind?
( My mind is not concentrating on this
  ‘boring?’ lecture!)

Who is this ME?
           Who is a Human Being?

            Human Being = Body

 Human Being
        =
           Body (perform)
         +
           Mind (understanding)
         +
           Soul (Witness)
Essentially we are spiritual beings and sustainability first
begins within us.
   Four Bodies of a human being
Gross    Wakeful    25 elemental principles or
body     state                                 MIND
                    constituents including the MIND,
                    intellect, will and ego.

Subtle   Dream      17 constituents including the MIND
body     state      and Intellect

Causal   Deep        Consciousness and
body
b d       l     t t
         sleep state Constant Integrated awareness

Super    Self       Pure Consciousness
Causal   Luminous
body     state
        What is
        Wh i MIND?


Mind is a subtle matter consists of
a bundle of thoughts and desires.
  MIND - State of Consciousness
The Mind   Wakeful   Mind operates in response to the
           state     sensory organs


Super      Dream     Mind creates own world. Senses
Mind       state     are inactive

Higher     Deep      No thought and No worry. Mind is
Mi d
Mind        l
           sleep     inactive and senses are inactive
                     i   ti     d            i   ti
           state
Illuminated Self     Spirit: One and one alone!
Mind (and luminous
Over mind) state
MIND with its 5 partners the Senses

 Demand of the eye
 Demand of the tongue
 Demand of the ear
 Demand of the skin
D     d f the
  Demand of th nose
  When senses makes demand, you y
must turn your lower mind towards
the higher mind (intellect) to get the
 answers. Then the lower mind can
 then act and give commands to the
               senses.
               senses

      d leader h ld be bl to
A good l d should b able t control    t l
his/her senses and use his/her intuition.
    This must be a pre-requisite for a
              t i bl     ti
           sustainable action.
MIND and SENSES Model
                                Environment:
Superconscious Mind             Input from 5
                                senses
(HEART or SOUL)


                    Intuition
                                       p
                                   Output via
                                   Thoughts 
                                   Desires 
Conscious Mind                     Sustainable
                                   S     i bl
                                   actions
(HEAD)              Emotions
                                  (HAND)
Subconscious Mind
          Command and Control
                        Body

          B                                     B
     (Hardware)
                      Sense organs

                                     Flow of
subtle                               power
                        Mind
         M                           (energy)

     (Software)                                 M
                        Intellect



          S            Soul                     S
  (Power or Energy)
           Mind and its control
   Without mind, body cannot do anything. To reach or
    realise the existence of the Soul also, we must use the
    mind.

   Body needs rest. So as the mind. But mind’s nature is
          restless
    to be restless. So give some useful work! Be happy!
    (Be good, See good, Do good)

   Control of breath. It should be deep and even.
    Undertake meditation or practice silence or turn your
             inwards.            Yoga,
    thoughts inwards Perform Yoga Tai Chi etc

   Senses have specific functions and they are also
           i instruments. They have prescribed li it
    measuring i t       t Th h               ib d limits
    and should be kept under control.

   The types of food you intake will affect your mind
    whether it is Satwic, Rajasic or Tamasic food.
             s
Each one of us are three persons!


(1) Body (The one you think you are)
                               y
(2) Mind (The one others think you are)
( )
(3) Soul (The one you really are)
      Why SD progress is slow?
 Currently SD p g
          y                       q
               progress is not adequate
 Significant problems now facing humanity
including climate change, oil/energy crisis,
            ,             y,                ,
water crisis, food security, loss of forests,
population and poverty, loss of biodiversity,
crime etc
 In a globalised world everything one does
        g                   y    g
affect the other
 First we must understand ourselves first
                           g
   What does SD Harmonising with
         SMB will lead to?
 Human mind is a very powerful entity and if
i is utilised properly can become ‘mastermind’!
it i   ili d        l      b      ‘       i d’!
 Become aware of who really you are?
 Increased understanding of our inter
                                  inter-
connection with nature via 5 elements and inter-
                   us.
connection between us

 SMB: Soul Mind- Body)
 SMB S l – Mi d B d )
   What does SD Harmonising with
         SMS will lead to?
 Lead a simpler life with higher thinking. You will have
more compassion, a sacrificing nature, and willing to
undertake selfless service to all beings.
 Take everything in moderation by placing Ceiling on
Desires.
Live with basic human values (Truth, Righteousness,
Peace, Love and Non-Violence) and inspire others.
  5 Fundamental Human Values
Basic Value     Links to domain Relationship to
                                love
Love            Social          Love

Truth           Intellectual    Love as
                                thought
                                    g
Right conduct   Physical        Love in action

Peace           Emotional       Love as feeling

Non-violence    Spiritual       Love as
                                understanding
  Sustainable living with human values
  S    i bl li i      i hh        l

- Consumer life style, market economy,
                       (              )
  innovative ‘needs’ (smart TV ads..) etc
- Current living style/modes – largely
  unsustainable (no peace and happiness)
- Sustainable living will be impossible without
  living with human values
- Must reduce our ecological footprint
 (Global/National awareness, Universal Love, Respect for
 all life forms, Equity, Service to others, Ethical, ….)
   Sustainable living with human values

 Undertake frequent self-audit (self analysis, self
-U d t k f        t lf dit
  inquiry,…)
 Reduce consumption of resources: f d
-R d              i    f           food,
 water, energy, goods and services. (ceiling on
                f                                 )
  desires, sacrifice, compassion, healthy living,…)
- Aware of ‘product miles’ (or ‘km’)
- Avoid waste, reduce waste, reuse,
                         y
  remanufacture and recycle (resourceful, duty,
                               (        ,    y,
  non-violence,…)
                               eco-ascetic
- Become an urban enunciate an eco ascetic
  (inner silence, contentment,..)
Then we will question every ‘thought’ and ‘action’
     d     k           b            h h b
we undertake moment by moment whether be at home, h
work or at any other place whether is it sustainable or
   ?
not?



           change  Family
 Individual
change  Society change 
    g          y     g
Country change  Change in the
world
                      g
             Concluding remarks
   Over two decades on SD activities and several
    milestones have been set.
                  indicators
    Based on SD indicators, progress is not adequate
   Australian environment on SD
   Wh progress i poor?
    Why             is     ?
   Five elements of nature and body
   Soul-Mind-Body (SMB) relationships
   Who should be in control? SMB
   Our thoughts are very important
   B     fit flow out of SD H
    Benefits fl       t f          i i
                             Harmonising - SMB
                 g
        Acknowledgements

Sathya Sai Baba, Chancellor,
           University,
Sathya Sai University India
     Life,
(His Life Discourses and Writings)
http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/
   p //    u o g/ e u goa s/
http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/
   p           g
http://www.deh.gov.au/soe
    UNEP-IESD 2010 Asia-Pacific
      Leadership Programme

     Module-2: Human Dimension

                 Case Study
 Holistic water resource management of
LeaP River catchment taking i t account
L P Ri          t h    t t ki into     t
             ,               ,
  Economic, Environmental, Social and
         Spiritual/Human aspects.
C e udy
Case Stu
Table 1: Environmental issues
Environmental Issue/Indicator Current   Before,
                                        Before during and   after
                                        mining operations

Climate change


Bi di it
Biodiversity


Water  i
W quantity


         li
Water quality


Energy use
Table 2: Social issues
Social I /I di t
S i l Issue/Indicator              Current
                                   C     t   Before, during and
                                             Bf       d i      d    ft
                                                                   after
                                             mining operations

Indigenous living


Farming methods


Unemployment (township)


Distribution of water resources
and equitability

 Communication      (Stakeholder
consultation etc)
Table 3: , Economical issues
Economic Issue/Indicator       Current   Before, during and after
                                         mining operations

Floods damage


Cost f t
C t of water


Cost of energy


Crop productivity


Opportunity for growth
          Table 4: S i it l i    /h     di    i
          T bl 4 Spiritual issues/human dimension
                                              Before during and after
                                              Before,
Spiritual Issue/Indicator           Current   mining operations
Living with the river (indigenous
community)

Individual living with human
              peace,
values: with peace love and
happiness
            g                  y
‘Collective good’ – sacrifice by
individual, community and mining
company
Acting locally to help a global
problem (climate change) eg: use
of renewable energy sources
太极拳看天人合一


The Harmony in the Traditional
Taijiquan’s Eyes

                                 Zhu Feifei
         Master of Chenjiagou Taijiquan Study Institute
Introduction
太极 Taiji
Introduction
太极拳Taijiquan
Introduction
Traditional Taijiquan




Simple Taijiquan
Introduction
               Chenjiagou Village
和谐的元素
Elements of Harmony in Taijiquan
Nature
                                Nature

Taijiquan

                                Harmony
Human.
                        Human             Taijiquan
                                          Society
天太极拳合一
The Harmony of Nature & Taijiquan
First-Promote the physically and mentally healthy



Second- Full range



Third- Full level
太极拳人合一
The Harmony of Taijiquan & Human


Distinguish between different people



Combined the Meridian and Movement
天人合一
The Harmony of Human and Nature
The golden mean


Confucius said, the golden mean of the Confucian
  school is the top moral character, but seldom
  people own it.
Thanks
LEADERSHIP SKILLS:
    A Primer
               Mario T. Tabucanon
          Professor, Asian Institute of Technology;
        Visiting Professor, United Nations University
                Institute of Advanced Studies

 Presentation at the UNEP-Tongji Leadership Programme on
           Environment for Sustainable Development
    Institute of Environment for Sustainable Development
               Tongji University, Shanghai, China
                     September 18-23, 2010



                                                           1
WHAT IS LEADING?
It is the process of:
Bringing  the present
 state into a desired
 future state.


                         2
Sustainable Development
         Space
THE PROCESS OF LEADING
 We  can analyze the past and
  the present (Learning).
 But we have to design a
  desired future (Visioning).
 Leaders are transformative
  figures in this process of
  change
                                 4
Desired Future State:
Global Concerns on Sustainability

  Attain the Goals of Sustainable
   Development
  Achievements of :
    - Millennium Development Goals
      (MDGs);
    - Thrusts of the Decade of Education
       for Sustainable Development (UN
       DESD 2005-2014).
A vision on change –
Design of change
   Living within limits
      Food &
        drink/agriculture
      Transportation and
        tourism
      Housing (including
        energy-using products)
      Etc.
   Shaping a sustainable
    society, not a sustainable
    consumer
   Addressing the public as
    citizens in society, not
    simply as consumers
   Addressing production and
    consumption
   Creating the systems that
    lead to sustainable
    behaviour
Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs)
 End poverty and hunger
 Universal education
 Gender equality
 Child health
 Maternal health
 Combat HIV/AIDS
 Environmental sustainability
 Global partnership
UN Decade of Education for Sustainable
Development (DESD 2005-2014)
             VISION
  A world where everyone has the
  opportunity to benefit from
  education and learn the values,
  behaviors, and lifestyles
  required for a sustainable future
  and for positive societal
  transformation.
Major Thrusts of ESD Under DESD

   Improve access to quality basic education;
   Reorient existing education programmes to
    address sustainable development;
   Develop public understanding and
    awareness on sustainable development;
    and
   Provide training programmes for all sectors
    of private and civil society.
A Leader is:
Visionary (Long Term Perspective)

Challenger

Inspirer

Developer of People

Modeler and Articulator of Organizational
 Values

Causes People to Want to Follow
LEADERSHIP SKILLS
DEVELOPMENT
 Leadership  is not given, but it
  can be learned and developed
 But developing leadership is
  not accomplished just by
  learning the theories; one
  must practice them
Foundation of Leadership




              Human
            Dimension
Human Dimension
 Mind  (Mental Dimension) – read, educate,
  write, learn new skills.
 Body (Physical Dimension) – exercise, eat
  healthy, sleep well, relax.
 Soul (Spiritual Dimension) – meditate,
  pray.
 Heart (Emotional Dimension) – build
  relationship, give service, smile and laugh.
Hierarchy of Leadership for SD
Personal
Group
Organizational
Societal
LEADERSHIP SKILL
To  be able to develop
 one’s Leadership Skills
 it is important to know
 the domains of
 Leadership.

                           15
DOMAINS OF LEADERSHIP

Personal
Relational
Contextual



                        16
Personal   Relational   Contextual
Domain     Domain       Domain
PERSONAL DOMAIN OF
LEADERSHIP
 Human   capital (expertise,
  experience, competencies)
 Social capital (social
  networks and relationships)
 Personality and individual
  style; Personal values

                                18
RELATIONAL DOMAIN OF
LEADERSHIP
 Leader-follower   relations
 Communication
 Negotiation  and mediation
 Leading/Building teams
 Inspiring and motivating others
 Building relationships and
  alliances
 Building trust
                                    19
CONTEXTUAL DOMAIN OF
LEADERSHIP
 Organizational   design and
  culture
 Economic, political, and social
  landscape
 Global perspective and cross-
  cultural differences


                                    20
LEADERSHIP ATTRIBUTES:
PERSONAL DOMAIN




                         21
HUMAN CAPITAL

A leader must have
 decision making skills.
A leader’s management
 skills enhance his/her
 ability to lead.

                           22
DECISION MAKING      IMPLEMENTATIONAL
  INCREASES          TASK INCREASES




           ORGANIZATION




                                        23
DECISION   IMPLEMENTATION
 MAKING




                        24
DECISION MAKING PROCESS
 Understand the overall problem.
 Establish criteria and identify decision
  options.
 Decompose overall problem into sub-
  problems and analyze.
 Synthesize by recomposing the sub-
  problems into the overall problem.
 Apply criteria and make the rational
  choice.
                                         25
One Decision Making Model
    1. Define         2. Establish       3. Generate
       Desired           Decision           Alternative
       Outcome           Criteria           Solutions



  4. Investigate
     The Facets
                    Implement                5. Settle On
                                                Top Three
                     Decision                   Choices



 6. Compare Top      7. Opt For Best   8. Notify All Parties
    Three Choices       Choice            Involved
MANAGEMENT CYCLE

  Plan

  Do

  Check

  Adjust

 A feedback loop of Plan-Do-
  Check-Adjust (if necessary)-
  Plan (revisit, if necessary)
                                 27
Have A Vision   Make A Plan


                     Capitalize On
                      Strengths

Make
Everything A
Win-Win
                 Neutralize,
Affair, if
                 Overcome
possible
                 Perceived
                 Barriers
WIN-WIN
 An attitude towards life, a mental frame
  of mind that says I can win and so can you.
  It is the foundation for getting along well
  with other people.
 Competition is healthy when you compete
  against yourself, or when it challenges you
  to reach and stretch and become the best.
 Competition becomes negative when you tie
  yourself worth into winning or when you use
  it as a way to place yourself above
  another. Don’t develop a “superiority
  complex”.
PLANNING

 Atthe top level, Strategic Plan
 is developed; while at the
 middle and lower levels, Tactical
 Plan and Operational Plan,
 respectively, are developed.
 The so-called
 Business/Development Plan is
 normally a combination of
 Strategic and Tactical Plans.
                                30
BUSINESS PLAN
 Mission
 Vision
 Goals
 Strategies
 Tactics
 Activities
 Resources
 Key   Indicators
                     31
DOING: Organizing

 Determining   what work
  should be done and who
  should do it.
 Establishing a division of
  responsibilities and chain of
  command.
                                  32
DOING: Staffing

 Providing the organization
  with people required to
  perform the work.
 Matching people with tasks.




                                33
DOING: Directing

 Getting   people to carry out
  plans
 Integrating the efforts of
  group members
 Providing information and
  influencing group dynamics.


                                  34
CHECKING: Establishing feedbacks
 Ensuring that plans become reality.
 Assuring that the results of
  operations conform as closely as
  possible to established goals.
 Providing timely information that may
  prompt revisions and to achieve
  proper coordination among all the
  activities of the organization.

                                      35
            Feedback Mechanism
Input      Processor             Output
                               - measure
                                 results



                                             Compare      Plan/Standard
Take Corrective
    Actions
                                                 Report

                  Analyze
                  Deviation
                   Causes M.T. Tabucanon, 2007
                     Copyright
LEADERSHIP VALUES


 Leadership should be seen as
 both a service and an obligation
 - an obligation to serve the
 organization for the common
 good.



                                    37
LEADERSHIP ATTRIBUTES:
RELATIONAL DOMAIN




                         38
COMMUNICATING VISION
AND VALUES
 Leaders  need to communicate
  vision, strategic objectives, and
  values, so that people
  understand how their work
  contributes to a larger whole.
 Without sense of direction, you
  increase the probability of
  Reactance and Withdrawal.

                                      39
Ways To Improve
Communications
                   Understand
   Develop           Different
   Trust &        Communication
   Rapport        Methods/Styles




     Create a        Become
    Favorable        A Better
  Communication      Listener
     Climate
LEADERS AND
COMMUNICATIONS:
POTENTIAL PROBLEMS
 Illusion of Transparency:
  Leaders assume that their goals
  and intentions are known to
  others, that they are apparent or
  obvious.
 Solution: The first step is always
  to be aware of your assumptions
  regarding how well others know
  your intentions. Communicate
  sooner, rather than later.
                                   41
COMMUNICATION AND COMMITMENT:
THE PROCESS MATTERS

  Peopleare influenced not only
  by the decisions that are made
  in organizations, but also by
  how the decisions are made
  and communicated.




                                   42
EXERCISING LEADERSHIP
 WHAT?
         of leaders to inspire
  Ability
  their subordinates to work
  to achieve the
  organization’s goals.



                                 43
What motivates/inspires?
 Achievement
 Advancement
 Recognition
 Responsibility
 Work   Itself
EXERCISING LEADERSHIP
 WHEN?
  Exercise  leadership
   constantly.
  A leader’s behavior and
   attitude represent a model
   for subordinates to follow.

                                 45
EXERCISING LEADERSHIP

   TRAITS OF A GOOD LEADER:
     A visionary and has the ability to
      anticipate future scenarios.
     The ability to analyze options and
      make rational decisions.
     The ability to understand the
      subordinates’ point of view.


                                           46
EXERCISING LEADERSHIP

   TRAITS OF A GOOD LEADER
    (Continued):
      The ability to generate enthusiasm
       among subordinates.
      The willingness to accept
       responsibility.
      The ability to communicate.



                                            47
DIFFERENT STYLES OF
LEADERSHIP SUIT DIFFERENT
SITUATIONS
A  leader must be flexible in
  style.
 A leader must be able to
  apply the right style at the
  right time and at the right
  situation.

                                 48
DIFFERENT STYLES OF
LEADERSHIP
   AUTOCRATIC
      Leads others through their source of
       power
   DIPLOMATIC
      Leads others through personal persuasion
   DEMOCRATIC
      Leads by abiding by the group’s decision
   CONSULTATIVE
      Leads much the same as the democratic
       leader but reserves the right to make the
       final decision

                                               49
LEADERSHIP ATTRIBUTES:
CONTEXTUAL DOMAIN




                         50
TO BE ABLE TO LEAD
EFFECTIVELY

 Theleader must have sound
 understanding of the
 fundamentals, of the basic
 functions of the organization



                                 51
Basic Function of Any Organization

   The basic function of any organization
    (business, social, religious, or governmental,
    etc.) is to transform certain combination of
    available inputs (money, materials,
    manpower, energy, facilities, energy,
    information, etc.) into some form of desirable
    outputs (products and/or services) within a
    given environment (social, economic, political,
    legal, natural, etc.) through the utilization of
    existing technology (hard/soft) and
    leadership provides the internal dynamism
    for achieving this transformation through a
    process of rational decision making and sound
                                                     52
    management.
LEADERSHIP IS SEEING THE
BIG PICTURE

 To see the big picture is to see
  the organization as a system
 To apply systems thinking




                                     53
A SYSTEM’S VIEW
   To see the organization and its processes in
    their broad perspective by considering both
    internal and external environmental factors;
   To study and understand more
    comprehensively the nature, characteristics,
    and behavior of the interrelationships of the
    interacting subsystems in a given
    environment;
   To be able to organize the system that is the
    whole, by analyzing the whole and its
    components, in relationship to external
    systems that constitute its environment.

                                                54
THANK YOU


            55
7th Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on
Environment for Sustainable Development

     Module 3 Human
  Tools for Change Agents
     Systems Thinking
     Monday 20 September 2010

             Robert Steele
           Systainability Asia /
            AtKisson Group
           Bangkok, Thailand
                  1st Central Asia Leadership Programme on Environment
                                for Sustainable Development


                 Session Objectives
The objectives of this session are to:
1.   … introduce you to the field of systems thinking
     and its relationship to sustainability & sustainable
     development;
2.   … provide you some practice with systems
     diagramming
3.   … get you to think about how apply to your own
     organizational and mission situation.
 7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
               for Sustainable Development



Team Thumb Wrestling
                                  7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                                                for Sustainable Development

                                The System Iceberg
                                           Events & Outcomes
                                           e.g. Pollution,, Climate
                                             Change, Corruption
                                          Patterns of Behaviour
                                    Our repeated actions, habits, decisions
                                    over time; e.g. not recycling,
                                    consumption habits, decision-making

                                            Systemic Structures
                              The GREAT SEA of (i.e. policies, laws,
                             What has influenced the patterns? LIFE
                             frameworks, physical structures) e.g. Policy, Rules,
                             Infrastructure, Governance, Education System (curriculum
                             & pedagogy)

                                               Mental Models
                            What is the world view, beliefs, values and vision that
                            people have? e.g. GDP growth is the most important
                            factor in national sustainable development

Source: Senge, Peter, Schools That Learn: A Fifth Discipline Fieldbook for Educators, 2000
                                  7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                                                for Sustainable Development

                                The System Iceberg
                                           Events & Outcomes
                                           e.g. Pollution,, Climate
                                             Change, Corruption
                                          Patterns of Behaviour
                                    Our repeated actions, habits, decisions
                                    over time; e.g. not recycling,
                                    consumption habits, decision-making

                                            Systemic Structures
                             What has influenced the patterns? (i.e. policies, laws,
                             frameworks, physical structures) e.g. Policy, Rules,
                             Infrastructure, Governance, Education System (curriculum
                             & pedagogy)

                                               Mental Models
                            What is the world view, beliefs, values and vision that
                            people have? e.g. GDP growth is the most important
                            factor in national sustainable development

Source: Senge, Peter, Schools That Learn: A Fifth Discipline Fieldbook for Educators, 2000
                                  7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
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                                The System Iceberg
                                                                                             Action
                                           Events & Outcomes
                                            What is happening?
                                                                                     Knee-jerk reaction
                                            What has happened?
                                          Patterns of Behaviour
                                            Has this happened before?
                                    Is this problem similar to other problems
                                                                                       Anticipate, plan
                                                  we have had?

                                            Systemic Structures
                                      What structure is driving this problem?
                                              Why do you think that?
                                                                                              Design
                                    What effect has the delay in cause-effect had?
                                                 What explains this?

                                               Mental Models
                            What is your understanding of the situation or problem?          Transform
                                       What are our beliefs about this?
                                 What assumptions are we making and why?

Source: Senge, Peter, Schools That Learn: A Fifth Discipline Fieldbook for Educators, 2000
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      According to the UN . . . Sustainable
      Development is . . .

                                         “. . . development that meets
                                         the needs of the present
                                         without compromising the
                                         ability of future generations to
                                         meet their own needs.”



Source: World Commission on Environment and Development, aka “The Brundtland Commission,” 1987
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    But the leading global indicators show a
    different story . . .




Source: International Geosphere – Biosphere Programme 2004
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   Our Linear “Cradle to Grave” Economic
   System and Mental Model           Declining
                                                               life support
                      Air                                      resources
          a ste
      W

Extraction                  Manufacturing             Consumer
                                                                     Waste
     W
       as




                               te
          te




                             as




                                                                Rising
                            W




                                                                consumption
                  Soil & Water                                  of life support
                                                                resources
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          . . . leading us to “overshoot” of our Ecological
                           Carrying Capacity




                                                                   In one year (365 days) we are
                                                                   consuming what it takes the Earth
                                                                   now over 511 days to produce /
   “The human population is now so large that the                  regenerate.
   amount of resources needed to sustain it exceeds
   what is available at current consumption patterns”
   (Achim Steiner , UNEP Exec Director).
Source: Global Footprint Network - http://www.globalfootprintnetwork.org/
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We are Beyond the “Planetary Boundaries”
                                                                    The green circle is the “safe zone”

   Human activity has already
    pushed nature beyond its
    sustainability “safe zone” on a
    global scale in three areas:
    biodiversity loss, climate
    change, and disruptions to the
    Earth’s nutrient cycle (nitrogen)

   We are also on the way to
    crossing the boundaries of
    sustainability in ocean
    acidification, land use, and
    fresh water use
                                              Red indicates how far we have pushed Earth’s systems


      Source: Rockström et al., “A Safe Operating Space for Humanity,” Nature, 21 Sept 2009
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Some of our Sustainable Development Challenges
 Economic                      Nature                    Social
 • Poverty                     •Climate change           • Social development
 • Resource scarcity           • Deforestation           • Sanitation & hygiene
 • Unemployment                • Biodiversity loss       • Crime
 •Corporate                    • Fresh water             •Trafficking
 responsibility /              • Land degradation        • Migration
 accountability
                               • Waste reduction         • Gender equity
•Rural development
                               • Disaster reduction      • Food security
Well being
                                                         • social & ethnic
• Individual happiness                                   conflict
• Spiritual emptiness
• Personal security
• Mental Health Issues      What is missing? . . . A systems
• Physical health           perspective and approach.
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                     We often fixate on our
                     part of the system,
                     and miss the whole
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A sustainable society and/or organisation . . .
    … understands its own
     systems, and the systems in
     which it is embedded
    … looks for and responds to
                                                     W
     long-term systemic trends that
     affect its ability to achieve its                             N
     goals
    … changes internally to meet
     and take advantage of external              S
     conditions and trends                                     E

    … is resilient enough to
     withstand short-term shocks
    … does not undermine the
     conditions of its own existence
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    4 Basic Conditions for Sustainability
   Nature: Living within the Earth’s physical and
    biological limits

   Economy: Maintaining a vital prosperous economy

   Society: Supporting social stability, equity and
    development

   Wellbeing: Making individual opportunity, fulfillment
    and happiness
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We must understand the system
relationships as well
                      Nature




  Wellbeing                               Economy




                       Society
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“No problem can be solved from the same
consciousness that created it. We have to
learn to see the world anew.”
                                     (Albert Einstein)

“It is absolutely essential to change the way
we think. All other attempts at change will fail
if we do not transform our thinking . . . A
proper understanding of the way the world
works requires people to think systematically,
holistically, integratively, and in futures
mode.”
                      (Lester Milbraith, 1996)
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LET’S TAKE A SYSTEMS PERSPECTIVE
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What are Systems?
Systems are…

. . . A group of interacting, interrelated, or
interdependent elements forming a
complex whole.                                       Key words:
                                                     • Related
Systems are bound together by the laws
of cause and effect, and governed by                 • Organised
flows of information, energy and
                                                     • Purpose
materials.

The concept of “feedback” is key to
systems.
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               A House is a System or a “whole”


                                                           It has purpose

                                                           It is organized

                                                           Its parts are
                                                           interrelated


Source: John Greber, Systems Thinking Introduction, 2007
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 A grouping of stuff that is not…

…interrelated,
 organized, nor
 purposeful…




                   . . . is a not a system.
                  1st Central Asia Leadership Programme on Environment
The laws of nature              for Sustainable Development
                                                      The trajectories
and biology                                         of current trends




The boundaries                                      Human nature,
of the planet                                       human systems ...
                                     1st Central Asia Leadership Programme on Environment
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                                                 INSTITUTIONAL

                                   Socio-economic and political structures
                                   and processes (power structure, social
                                                                                                           •Materials
                                              struggles, etc.);

                                        Institutions, legislation, policy;                                 •Energy
                                     Value system, education, knowledge,
                                               S&T, mass media
                                                                                                           •Information
                                                                                      SOCIAL
                       ECONOMIC
                                                                                 QUALITY OF LIFE:
                -Macroeconomic conditions,                                           health +
Production of     -Capital accumulation...                                         satisfaction
 goods and                                          Consumption
   services                                                                  Population size, structure,
                                                                                 and growth rate;

                                                                                Needs, desires and
                                                                                   aspirations;

                       Waste                                                  Income and employment




                                      ENVIRONMENTAL

                                       Natural environment

                                -media: atmosphere, water, land
                                         -natural resources
                                 -vital conditions (life-support)
                                      -ecological processes

                                       Natural
                                        stock
                                                       Renewal
                                                         rate
                                                                                                           Boundary
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              Five Systems Principles
1.   Every system has a purpose within a larger system.

2.   All of a system's parts must be present for the system to
     carry out its purpose optimally.

3.   A system's parts must be arranged in a specific way for
     the system to carry out its purpose.

4.   Systems change in response to feedback.

5.   Systems maintain their stability by making adjustments
     based on feedback.
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    Systems Thinking is a new “window on the world”




Source: John Gerber, Systems Thinking Introduction, 2007
                      7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
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              What is “systems thinking”?

“... seeking to understand the
    connections among
    elements in a system –
   what depends on what,
   what causes what, where
    information flows,
   where control decisions are
    made,                                           Systems thinking mind map

   what information flows are critical,
    and more.”
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    Systems Thinking is . . .
   “. . a discipline for seeing wholes. It is a framework for
    seeing relationships rather than things, for seeing
    patterns of change rather than static snapshots.”

                     Peter Senge -The Fifth Discipline (1994)
     Systems Thinking as a special language
   It uses terms like “source”, “stock”, “flow”, “sink” and
    “feedback”;

   It emphasizes wholes rather than parts, and stresses the role of
    interconnections—including the role we each play in the systems at
    work in our lives.

   It emphasizes circular feedback (for example, A leads to B, which
    leads to C, which leads back to A) rather than linear cause and effect
    (A leads to B, which leads to C, which leads to D, . . . and so on);

   It contains special terminology that describes system behavior,
    such as reinforcing process (a feedback flow that generates
    exponential growth or collapse) and balancing process (a feedback
    flow that controls change and helps a system maintain stability).
                                7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
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       The Key to Systems Thinking is Understanding
                        Feedback
           In most cases, changing one factor will impact on another factor,
            which will then affect the first.
           Feedback will either reduce the impact of the change, or will
            amplify it.
                                                  Illegal               Pollution Levels
                                              Discharge of                in the River
                                              waste water
                                             from Industry
                    Number of                    sources
                     Factories
                  complying with
                  Water Effluent
                       laws


                                                                      Cost of treatment of
                                         Revenue Profits               water for use in
                                       (Income – Expenses)              manufacturing


Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability Institute.
2005.
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Key Systems Concepts Example: Fossil carbon




                                 Source
                                                           Flow



        Sink




                                                Stock
                             Flow
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Key Systems Concepts Example: Fossil carbon




                                 Source
                                                           Flow



        Sink




                                                Stock
                             Flow
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Key Systems Concepts Example: Fossil carbon




                                       Source
                  Feedback                 Prices           Flow


                                            Taxes
        Sink
                          Regulation




                                                    Stock
                              Flow
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     Feedback is when the system turns in on itself,
          and influences its own functioning
   Feedback can be “hard”
    (real stuff) or “soft”                      Some “hard” feedback is on
    (information)                             its way around ... with a delay

   Feedback can push a
    system to keep doing
    what it’s doing (“positive,”
    “reinforcing”) ...
   ... or it can counter what’s
    currently happening
    (“negative,” “balancing”)
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                                                                    Carbon Dioxide,

Example: Garment              Fertilizer
                                                                    Global Warming


    industry
                                                            Feedback

                                 Runoff
       Natural Habitat
                                                   Source
                             Feedback


                                                                            Flow


                          Feedback
                 Sink

                                                            Stock
                          Flow
                                                            Stock
                                                     Flow
                                           Stock
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All system dynamics arise from the
interaction of just two types of feedback
loops

1.   Positive (self-reinforcing): Positive loops tend to
     reinforce or amplify whatever is happening in the
     system.


2. Negative (balancing or self-correcting) loops:
     Negative loops counteract and oppose change
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    Reinforcing Loops generate exponential
    growth
                      Effort at
           s        conservation
                                                   s
                                           Positive
  Public support for          R            Results
                                                                                    or
  water conservation

                        Awareness
               s        of positive
                                               s
                          results




Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability
Institute. 2005.
                               7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                                             for Sustainable Development

     Some Characteristics of reinforcing
     feedback loops
       Reinforcing loop situations generally "snowball" into highly
        amplified growth or decline.

       A reinforcing loop, by definition, is incomplete.

       You never have a vicious or virtuous cycle by itself.
        Somewhere, sometime, it will run up against at least one
        balancing mechanism that limits it.

       The limit to reinforcing growth (exponential growth) may not
        appear in our lifetime, but you can assume it will appear. Most
        of the time, there are multiple limits.

Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability
Institute. 2005.
                               7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                                             for Sustainable Development

       Balancing Loops Create Resistance &
       Stability
    Balancing loops tend to counteract changes to systems. They seek
    goals, provide stability and push towards equilibrium.
                    Total water
                    taken from            o
        s
                       rivers
                                                                        Total homes
                                                            Total
   Total water                      Available water         water
    demand               B          for new homes           taken
                                                            from
                                                            rivers

                   Total homes
                                           s
        s          in the region


Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability
Institute. 2005.
                               7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                                             for Sustainable Development

    Some Characteristics of balancing feedback
    loops
       Balancing processes generate the forces of resistance,
        which eventually limit growth and counteract changes to
        systems.
       But they are also the mechanisms, found in nature and
        systems, that fix problems, maintain stability, and achieve
        equilibrium.
       They ensure that every system never strays far from its
        "natural" operating range – Ex
           a human body's homeostatic state,
           an ecosystem's balance of predator and prey, or
           a company's "natural" expenses, which, whenever cut, seem to
            balloon up somewhere else.

Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability
Institute. 2005.
                       7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                                     for Sustainable Development


                Determining Loop Polarity
   There are two methods for determining whether a link is
    positive (reinforcing) or negative (balancing):

   The Fast Way: Count the Number of Negative Links
       Reinforcing loops always have a even number of
         O’s
        Balancing loops will have an odd number of O’s
   The Right Way: Trace the Effect of a Change around
    the Loop


      Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD
      and Sustainability Institute. 2005.
                           7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
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              Reinforcing Loop characteristics
   Reinforcing loops                                   Or they have an even
  either have no “o” s                                 number of “o”s (same
  (opposite relationships)                             relationships)

                 Effort at water                                    Access to
                                      s                           contraceptives        o
      s          conservation                            s


                                   Positive                                            Birth
Public support           R         Results
                                                        Use of
                                                    contraceptives
                                                                           R           Rate
   for water
 conservation
                     Awareness            s                  s                              o
          s          of positive                                      Opportunity
                       results                                       for education



Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability
Institute. 2005.
                               7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
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     Group Exercise: Feedback Loop #1
      The Case
         A city decides to increase the overall capacity of its
          roads in order to decrease road congestion and
          increase overall quality of life. Less road congestion
          increases the attractiveness of the area and an
          increase in the rate of new people moving into the area.
          As the population increases, road congestion gets
          worse again. Work in your teams to create several
          drafts of an appropriate loop diagram.




Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability
Institute. 2005.
                               7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
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     Group Exercise: Feedback Loop #1
     The Steps
        Identify the key variables in the story. (underline them)?
        What are the possible variable names that you could
         assign?

        From the text and our own experience and knowledge,
         what things affect what?
        Draw it in a way that the story loops back on itself?
        Identify whether the links are an S or an O.
        Identify what type of loop it is by tracing out the
         behaviour around the loop
Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability
Institute. 2005.
                               7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
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     Group Exercise: Identifying the Feedback # 1
                                              S       Quality of
                               Road                     Life
                              capacity
                                                                               S
                                O                             B
                                                Road
                                              congestion
                                                                  o
                                    S

                              Population                    Attractiveness
                                 size                           of area
                                                  B
                                                                                        R
                                    S                                 S
                                             Rate of people
                                               moving to
                                                  area



Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability
Institute. 2005.
                               7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
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                  Group Exercise: Feedback Loop # 2
    The Case Study
       The more that a small company saw success in its work, the more profits
        that it began to generate. The increased revenue over time allowed the
        company to send its employees for more professional development
        trainings, which in turned increased their overall capacity and competency.
        With more experienced and talented staff, new products, services and
        systems were soon hatched from the company’s employees, which saw the
        company become even more successful.

       With this success and subsequent enhanced reputation in the industry, the
        company was able to recruit the best talent from top graduate schools.
        With greater capacity, they found their ability to achieve results increased
        even more.


       Work in team and create several drafts of the above scenario

Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability
Institute. 2005.
                               7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
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                   Group Exercise: Feedback Loop #2
   Group Steps
      What are the possible variable names? (underline them).

      According to the case, what things affect what?

      Draw the links in a way that the story loops back on itself

      Identify whether the links are S or O and count the O links

      Identify what type of loop it is by tracing out the behaviour
       around the loop.
Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability
Institute. 2005.
                               7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                                             for Sustainable Development

    Multiple Loops… more engines of company
    growth                  s
                                  Reputation
                                                         s             Company’s
                                                 Success or             Success
                        s                                                                  s
                                                 effectiveness
                                     R           products,
                                                 services &                          Company
                    Quality of                   systems
                    people hired           s                              R            Profits

                                               Employee
                                               Capacity &
                                               Skills               Professional               s
                             s                                      Development
                                                                    Opportunities
Note: Arrows in causal loop diagrams                         s
                                                                      for staff
can go in either direction; clockwise or
counter-clockwise
Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability
Institute. 2005.
                              7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                                            for Sustainable Development


                  Reinforcing Loop Insights
       When you want your efforts to achieve progress without
        constant energy input, ask yourself…

       Are there ways for your efforts to trigger reactions in the
        wider system that sustain the positive effects of our
        actions? How can your small efforts gain momentum to
        create large system change results?

       The idea is to find cycles of growth in the world that
        build on themselves.


Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and
Sustainability Institute. 2005.
                               7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
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                Balancing Loop System Insights
     As you think of your own systems and new projects and
      initiatives, you should ask…
       > In what ways could our efforts cause reactions in the
          wider system that could reduce or weaken our results?
            » Should we avoid this resistance? Can we?
            » Does our understanding of the possible “push back” to one
              action lead us to choose a different action?
     When your activities seem to pushing up against
      increasing resistance, ask…
       > Have we caused reactions in the wider system that are
         currently weakening our results?
            » Should we step back, review our strategies, and then try a
              different approach? Can our new approach avoid the “push
              back”?
Source: Adapted from UNDP Young Leaders in Governance Systems Module / LEAD and Sustainability
Institute. 2005.
                 7th Asia Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment
                               for Sustainable Development


      Systems Thinking as a Set of Tools
   The field of systems thinking has
    generated a broad array of tools that let
    you:
     (1) graphically depict your understanding of a
      particular system's structure and behavior,

     (2) communicate with others about your
      understandings, and

     (3) design high-leverage interventions for
      problematic system behavior.
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What does a Systems approach give us?
   Insight: “Understand components and their links
    in the system, you will understand its behavior.”

   Leverage: “Change a component or link in the
    system, and you will change the system behavior.”

   Better Solutions: “Solving problems almost
    always involves changing systems (identify and
    change the limiting factor.”
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Being a Sustainability Change Agent
              Leader
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             Discussion Questions
   What are your thoughts on systems thinking as a
    skill needed to be an effective leader and
    change agent in Sustainable Development?

   What are some opportunities for using Systems
    Thinking approaches and tools in your own
    work?

   What are the key challenges of using Systems
    Thinking approaches and tools in your own
    work?
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Thank You for our participation!




         Robert Steele, Director
            Systainability Asia
          robert@atkisson.com
        www.systainabilityasia.com
2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment for Sustainable Development


                                            Module 3
                          Systems Thinking as a Leadership Practice

                              By Robert Steele / Systainability Asia

In the complex world in which we live, leaders need to be able to think systemically. The
concept of systems thinking was popularised by Peter Senge in his book The Fifth
Discipline(add here), describes systems thinking as “a discipline for seeing wholes. It is a
framework for seeing interrelationships rather than things, for seeing patterns of change
rather than static snapshots.” System thinking helps to see the inter-relationships and
connections that create the events occurring in our organisations. When we refer to a system
we mean:
“A group of interacting, interrelated, or interdependent elements forming a complex whole.”

The Systems Thinking Approach
The approach of systems thinking is fundamentally different from that of traditional forms of analysis.
Instead of focusing on the individual pieces of what is being studied, systems thinking focuses on the
feedback relationships between the thing being studied and the other parts of the system. Therefore,
instead of isolating smaller and smaller parts of a system, systems thinking involves a broader view,
looking at larger and larger numbers of interactions. In this way, systems thinking creates a better
understanding of the big picture.
Systems thinking offers you a powerful new perspective, a specialized language, and a set of tools
that you can use to address the most stubborn problems in your everyday life and work. Systems
thinking is a way of understanding reality that emphasizes the relationships among a system's parts,
rather than the parts themselves. Based on a field of study known as systems dynamics, systems
thinking has a practical value that rests on a solid theoretical foundation.

Why Is Systems Thinking Important?
Why is systems thinking valuable? Because it can help you design smart, enduring solutions to
problems. In its simplest sense, systems thinking gives you a more accurate picture of reality, so that
you can work with a system's natural forces in order to achieve the results you desire.
It also encourages you to think about problems and solutions with an eye toward the long view—for
example, how might a particular solution you're considering play out over the long run? And what
unintended consequences might it have?
Finally, systems thinking is founded on some basic, universal principles that you will begin to detect
in all arenas of life once you learn to recognize them.

Systems Thinking as a Perspective: Events, Patterns, or System?
System thinking is a perspective because it helps us see the events and patterns in our lives in a new
light—and respond to them in higher leverage ways. For example, suppose a fire breaks out in your
town. This is an event. If you respond to it simply by putting the fire out, you're reacting. (That is,
you have done nothing to prevent new fires.)
If you respond by putting out the fire and studying where fires tend to break out in your town, you'd
be paying attention to patterns. For example, you might notice that certain neighborhoods seem to
suffer more fires than others.


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2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment for Sustainable Development

If you locate more fire stations in those areas, you're adapting. (You still haven't done anything to
prevent new fires.)
Now suppose you look for the systems—such as smoke-detector distribution and building materials
used—that influence the patterns of neighborhood-fire outbreaks. If you build new fire-alarm systems
and establish fire and safety codes, you're creating change. Finally, you're doing something to prevent
new fires! This is why looking at the world through a systems thinking "lens" is so powerful: It lets
you actually make the world a better place.

The System Iceberg . . . Structure influences the behavior of the system
One of the best tools I use to help me see things systemically is the Iceberg Model. The
iceberg model, is a common way to explain systems thinking and helps me think through
complex problems, this helps me in the following way:
       To move focus away from events and symptoms and toward system structure.
       To elicit and articulate mental models, then expand them by accounting for feedback,
        time delays, non-linearity, and other components of complex systems.
       To develop shared mental models within teams and communities.
       To understand where leverage points are and are not.
       Better mental models lead to better decisions about how to lead the transition to
        sustainability.
A systems perspective is an effective means for helping leaders gain an understanding of the
underlying structure that shapes their organisations. The iceberg model is illustrated below.




The first thing to notice about the “iceberg” is that approximately two-thirds of an iceberg is
under water, as the captain of the Titanic quickly discovered! The majority of the iceberg
remains hidden from view beneath the water. This is true of the system we interact with daily,
much of their structure remains under the water, much of the action occurs beneath the
waterline. The key to navigating in systems, life and indeed icebergs, is to see the whole
system. Not just the individual parts. Walking through the various layers of the iceberg we
find the following:
       Events – This is the surface level of the iceberg, usually we can easily see the
        “events” happening, answering the question ‘what happened?’ Linear thinking causes
        us to see the world as a series of events. This is not a bad way to see the world,


Systainability Asia 2010 / www.systainabilityasia.com
2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment for Sustainable Development


       however it does not provide a leveraged way to introduce change. A fixation on
       events often leads to attributing cause and effects that are superficial, limiting our
       understanding and our ability to introduce change.
      Trends and Patterns – As we string events together we beginning to recognise
       trends and patterns, this provides a deeper level of understanding and along with it
       increased leverage, giving us the insight that ‘this event has happened before’.
      Structure – After a trend or pattern is identified, the next step is to look for the
       systemic dynamics that creates them. There is some interpretation and theorising
       needed to develop and understand the structure. However, structure needs to be
       assessed based-upon the information provided by the trends and patterns. The
       structure creates the foundation, which supports the trends and patterns, resulting in
       events. Structure is important as it gives us a deeper understanding of the system and
       can help us to predict systems behaviour.
      Mental Model – Systemic structures, in turn, are frequently held in place by the
       beliefs or “mental models” – beliefs may be undiscussable theories, residing in the
       minds of leaders, on what constitutes quality, service excellence or customer
       orientation. These beliefs may also affect interpersonal dynamics – such as
       approaches toward conflict, leadership or the best way to introduce change.
As we move down the iceberg we gain a deeper understanding of the systems and at the
same time gain increased leverage for changing the system or it’s results. One of the key
tools we have to help gain an understanding of a system is the art of asking questions. Using
the model we can ask probing questions, moving from the level of events down through the
pyramid to the mental model level, as follows:
      Ask questions to identify key events: ‘What’s happening?’ or ‘What has happened?’
      Ask questions that surface patterns of trends: ‘Has this happened before?’ or ‘Is this
       problem similar to other’s we’ve had?’
      Ask questions that leads to the structure: ‘What structure is driving this problem?’
       ‘Why do you think that?’ ‘What effect has the delay had?’ ‘What explains this?
      Ask questions to understand belief systems and assumptions: ‘What is your
       understanding?’ ‘What are out beliefs about this?’ ‘What assumptions are we making
       and why?
Why do all this questioning and analysis you may ask. Well to identify and act upon the
system’s leverage points. Leverage points are those places in a system where a small change
creates substantial change. This is part science and part art and as leaders we will need to
practice moving our thinking from event to structures, by improving how and what types of
questions we ask. Develop a theory as to what the structure must be and the beliefs driving
the structure and then take action. Realise that the parts of systems do not exist in isolation,
everything is connected and little actions can have large effects. Wait for feedback and make
further adjustments. For us to learn in the system we need to act.




Systainability Asia 2010 / www.systainabilityasia.com
2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment for Sustainable Development

The systems perspective tells us that we must look beyond individual mistakes or bad luck to
understand important problems. We must look beyond personalities and events. We must look into
the underlying structures which shape individual actions and create the conditions where types of
events become likely.
Without a deeper understanding of why something happened or is happening - seeing the underlying
structure - the most we can do is find ways to react faster to similar events in the future. Our goal as
systems thinkers, is not to be simply reactive, but to understand the core structure, the forces and
pressures that shape trends, patterns, and events close to us, but are often far removed in time and
space. In our community work, we want to create opportunities for our teams to progressively deepen
their ability to move through all the levels of exploration - and work with multiple levels
simultaneously.
Systems Thinking as a Special Language
As a language, systems thinking has unique qualities that help you communicate with others about the
many systems around and within us:
     It emphasizes wholes rather than parts, and stresses the role of interconnections—including the
      role we each play in the systems at work and in our lives.
     It emphasizes circular feedback (for example, A leads to B, which leads to C, which leads back
      to A) rather than linear cause and effect (A leads to B, which leads to C, which leads to D, . . .
      and so on).
     It contains special terminology that describes system behavior, such as reinforcing process (a
      feedback flow that generates exponential growth or collapse) and balancing process (a feedback
      flow that controls change and helps a system maintain stability).

Systems Thinking as a Set of Tools
The field of systems thinking has generated a broad array of tools that let you (1) graphically depict
your understanding of a particular system's structure and behavior, (2) communicate with others about
your understandings, and (3) design high-leverage interventions for problematic system behavior.
These tools include causal loops, behavior over time graphs, stock and flow diagrams, and systems
archetypes—all of which let you depict your understanding of a system—to computer simulation
models and management "flight simulators," which help you to test the potential impact of your
interventions. Although each tool is designed to stand alone, they also build on one another and can
be used in combination to achieve deeper insights into dynamic behavior.
Some of the Tools . . .
Behavior Over Time Graph
                                              This tool can be used to graph the behavior of different
                                              variables or issues over time in order to gain insights
                                              into any interrelationships between them. They can
                                              include past, current and future behavior.




Systainability Asia 2010 / www.systainabilityasia.com
2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment for Sustainable Development


Systems Diagrams . . . also known as Causal Loop Diagrams or CLDs
System diagrams or Closed Loop Diagrams, (CLDs) are particularly helpful in showing you how a
change in one factor may impact elsewhere. They are excellent tools for flushing out the long term
impacts of a change. Importantly, a good system diagram will show how changing a factor may feed
back to affect itself!
Causal loop diagrams (CLDs) are a kind of systems thinking tool. These diagrams consist of arrows
connecting variables (things that change over time) in a way that shows how one variable affects
another. Here are some examples:




Relationships between factors:
At the heart of the use of system diagrams is the idea of linking factors to show a relationship between
them. For example a company may link the factors of product quality and customer satisfaction.


                                                                     S
 Quality                                                                     Customer
                                                                             Satisfaction

 Example: A Simple Same Way Relationship between Two Factors
It illustrates the belief that as the quality of its goods change, so will customers' happiness with them.
We show this as an arrow linking the two factors:
The S shows that the factors move in the same way - as quality improves, so will the happiness of
customers. The arrow shows the direction of the relationship: raising customer happiness does not
necessarily raise the quality of the goods!
 These relationships can also work the other way. The company may link price with the customers'
perceptions of the 'good value' of its goods. This is shown below:
The O shows that the relationship works in the opposite way: in this case as you raise price,
customers' perceptions of good value reduce.




Systainability Asia 2010 / www.systainabilityasia.com
2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment for Sustainable Development




                                                                  O
  Price                                                                   Perceived
                                                                          Good Value

  Example: An Opposite Relationship Between Two Factors

Feedback Loops:
Feedback is an important concept in the use of system diagrams - in very many cases changing one
factor will impact on another factor, which will then affect the first.
Feedback will either reduce the impact of the change, or will amplify it. In CLDs, the arrows come
together to form loops, and each loop is labeled with an "R" or a "B."
"R" means reinforcing; i.e., the causal relationships within the loop create exponential growth or
collapse. (For instance, if a theatre receives good media reviews of its shows, then ticket sales
increase, which increases profits. This in turn, attracts more investment that can go to produce many
more good shows (because you can bring in top screen writers and actors).




                      R




"B" means balancing; i.e., the causal influences in the loop keep things in equilibrium. (For
example, if quality of your product improves, customer satisfaction should also increase, followed by
demand for the product and more profit. But also, as demand and profits increase, there can be
tendency to then want to expand the production at lower costs which possibly means that outsourcing
occurs and quality decreases, and then back again.




                     B




Systainability Asia 2010 / www.systainabilityasia.com
2010 Asia-Pacific Leadership Programme on Environment for Sustainable Development

CLDs can contain many different "R" and "B" loops, all connected together with arrows as in Figure
below. By drawing these diagrams with your work team or other colleagues, you can get a rich array
of perspectives on what's happening in your organization. You can then look for ways to make
changes so as to improve things. For example, by understanding the connection between Assignment
Backlog and Quality of Work, you may better find a new way to reduce the former and ensure the
latter.




Causal loop diagrams are a type of conceptual model that helps us to understand and communicate
underlying causality associated with feedback. Causal means cause and effect, loop refers to a closed
chain of relationships. This type of conceptual modelling is widely used in all of the fields associated
with system dynamics. Positive feedback gives a system the capacity to grow, negative feedback
provides a system with the ability to resist change and maintain stability. The interplay among
feedback loops within a complex system provides that system with its unique dynamic properties.
Your objective in the exercise below is to practice identifying and mapping feedback loops




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