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					                                  Diphthong Lesson Plan
                                   The Right Diphthong
Objectives:

     Students will learn to read words containing the diphthongs ow, ou, oi, and oy.
     Students will learn to write and spell words containing the diphthongs ow, ou, oi,
      and oy.

About the Concept:

Diphthongs are glided vowel sounds that combine two individual sounds within a single
syllable. Two common diphthongs in English are the /ow/ sound as in the word cowand the
/oy/ sound as in the word boy. The diphthong ow combines /a/ as in cat with /oo/ as in
in zoo. This diphthong can be spelled with the letters o-w or o-u. The
diphthong oy combines /aw/ as in law with /ee/ as in see. This diphthong can be spelled
with the letters o-i or o-y. Because of the spelling variations for each diphthong, writers
need to choose between two possible spellings when they wish to spell a diphthong word. It
is important that students build up a repertoire of familiar diphthong words that they have
seen in print and can call to mind when writing. The song, The Right Diphthong, provides
students with practice in spelling frequently used diphthong words containing each of the
four spelling patterns. Diphthong words are grouped by spelling families
(e.g., out/shout, found/hound, cow/now, brown/crown). As students sing the spelling
patterns, they view the words on the Mini-Charts, reinforcing learning through both auditory
and visual channels as they form memory links to diphthong spelling families. Once
students have mastered the basic words in the song, they can think of other examples of
diphthong words and practice them with the instrumental version of the song.

Materials:

     Sing Your Way Through Phonics Volume 2 CD, Tracks 9 and 10 (Listen to audio
      sample)
     Sing Your Way Through Phonics Volume 2 Mini-Charts (pp. 45-50)
     Index cards with the following printed words (1 per
      card): out, shout, found, hound, cow, now, brown, crown, oil, boil, coin, join, t
      oy, boy, joy, Roy
     Blank index cards and colored markers or other writing utensils
     Several dictionaries or spelling dictionaries
     Optional:
         Game cards (containing one word each from the following: noise, voice, choice,
            avoid, boil, broil, coil, foil, oil, soil, spoil, toil, coin, join, couch, crouch, ouch,
            slouch, cloud, loud, aloud, shroud, ounce, pounce, bounce, around, bound,
            found, ground, hound, mound, round, sound, wound, flounder, founder, count,
            fountain, mountain, sour, scour, flour, blouse, mouse, grouse, house, about,
            pout, spout, scout, route, trout, bow, cow, chow, how, now, plow, sow, vow,
            wow, crowd, powder, chowder, towel, trowel, flower, glower, power, shower,
            tower, owl, howl, brown, crown, drown, frown, ahoy, annoy, boy, coy, destroy,
            employ, foyer, joy, loyal, Roy, royal, soy, toy, Troy)
         8 small circles in two contrasting colors
         8 pieces of construction paper in contrasting colors, scissors, glue.

Note: If you do not have the CD or Mini-Charts, you can still teach this singular and plural
possessive lesson plan using the folk tune listed on the The Right Diphthong Song
Lyrics page. You can create your own mini-charts using the words in bold print letters in
each verse of the Song Lyrics.

Find out more about Sing Your Way Through Phonics products.
Order our cost-saving Volume 2 Combo online.

Procedure:




  1. Say, “Today, we are focusing on words with the /ow/ sound and the /oy/ sound. We
     call these sounds diphthongs.” (Note that the spelling is “diphthong,” not “dipthong.”)

  2. Point to the Mini-Charts on pages 46-47. Say, “What is the vowel sound in each of
     these words?” (/ow/) “What are the two ways we can spell the /ow/ sound?” (o-
     u and o-w)

  3.    Point to the Mini-Charts on pages 48-49. Say, “What is the vowel sound in each of
       these words?” (/oy/) “What are the two ways we can spell the /ow/ sound?” (o-
       i and o-y)

  4. Say, “Now, let’s listen to the song and join in on the answers to the questions?” Play
     CD Track 9 while pointing to the words on Mini-Charts pp. 46-49. Students recite the
     spelling patterns as they are spoken in the song.

  5. Say, “This time, let’s let half the class sing the questions and the other half say the
     answers. Who would like to point to the words on the Mini-Charts?” Play CD Track 9
     again and allow one student to point to the words on the charts while the two groups
     alternate singing the questions and speaking the answers.

  6. Say, “What do you notice about every set of two words?” (They rhyme; they have the
     same spelling patterns) Say, “What is the common sound in the
     words out and shout?” /out/ “How is it spelled?” (o-u-t) “Who knows a word that
     rhymes with out and shout?” (about, route, spout, stout, without, scout) As each
     word is offered, ask “How is /out/ spelled in this word?” (o-u-t) Write students’s
     examples on the board and ask them to spell them aloud.
 7. Say, “So when we find a word that rhymes with one of the words in this song, chances
    are it is spelled with the same vowel pattern.”

 8. Divide the class into small groups. Give each group a few blank index cards and an
    index card with one of the Mini-Chart words. Ask the students to think of a word that
    rhymes with the word on their card and write it on the blank index card. If they think
    of more than one rhyming word, they can use the additional blank cards. Remind
    them to keep the spelling pattern the same unless they think they have thought of an
    exception. Allow 5 minutes for this activity.

 9. Ask each group to check the spelling of any words they have written by looking in the
    dictionary.

 10. Display the cards in spelling families on a word wall or pocket chart.



Follow-up:




 1. Practice singing The Right Diphthong daily for a few days. Allow some of the students
    to be the leaders, pointing to the Mini-Chart words and singing the questions. For
    every set of facing pages, choose 1-3 students to sing the questions.

 2. Substitute some of the words students have written on their cards for the words in the
    song. Write these words on the Mini-Charts Templates. Example: If students with the
    word out on their index card thought of the words trout and about, substitute these
    two words forout and shout on the Mini-Charts. If students have thought of only one
    rhyming word, keep one of the original words and substitute the new word for the
    other original word. Example: out (original), about (new). Sing the song with the
    Mini-Chart Templates using the instrumental version (Track 10).

 3. Introduce other diphthong words. (See Optional Materials above.) Write the spellings
    and have students look them up in the dictionary. Find exceptions--words that rhyme
    that do not use the same spelling pattern--and display them in a separate location.
    Examples: crowd/loud, avoid/annoyed, out/Sauerkraut/doubt, bow/bough/Thou.
Extensions:




 1. Play the Diphthong Pyramid spelling game. Draw or cut out 8 concentric squares of
    varying colors. Draw 2 diagonals connecting outermost corners. Label the center
    quadrants oi, oy, ow, and ou. Distribute four playing pieces (colored circles) to each
    player or team. Place one of each player’s pieces in the outermost rung of each
    quadrant. Shuffle the playing cards listed above under Optional Materials. The leader
    reads the topmost card without revealing it to the players. A player must select the
    playing piece in the quadrant with the correct spelling pattern and move it one rung
    toward the center. The leader then reveals the index card to the players and places it
    on the bottom of the pile. If a player has moved the wrong piece, that playing piece is
    set back one rung. Players alternate turns until all of one player’s pieces have reached
    the center square. For added fun, label some cards Extra Turn, Lose a Turn, and Free
    Choice. Drawing the Free Choice card enables a player to move any playing piece one
    rung forward.

 2. Newspaper Diphthong Activities: Have students circle all the diphthong words they can
    find in the newspaper in 10 minutes. Share findings with the class. Make a bar graph
    showing the frequencies of oi, oy, ow, and ou words.



Evaluation:

 1. Students read all the words on Mini-Charts pp. 46-49.

 2. Students pass a spelling test on all Mini-Chart words and class-generated examples.

 3. Students spell diphthong words correctly in their journals and other writing
    assignments.

				
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