Docstoc
EXCLUSIVE OFFER FOR DOCSTOC USERS
Try the all-new QuickBooks Online for FREE.  No credit card required.

mai

Document Sample
mai Powered By Docstoc
					Number    Word       Maidu        Maidu #     Maidu notes
      0                        20         0   Compiled and annotated by M. Zhivlov. {Sources: Shipley 1963; Shipley 1964.} {Et
      1   all        ʔɨpˈe-kʼanˌi         1   Shipley 1963: 208. Polysemy: 'all / every bit'. Derived from ʔɨpˈe 'just, only ... and n
      2   ashes      pʼi=ɗˈus-i           1   Shipley 1963: 165, 212. From pʼi- (attested, e.g., in pʼi-ɓˈu- 'be charred, blackened
      3   bark       kapˈu-m-i #          1   Shipley 1963: 131, 213. Glossed as 'thin-layered bark'. The Maidu language distingui
      4   belly      kʼˌam-ˈi             1   Shipley 1963: 138, 214. Polysemy: 'belly / stomach'.
      5   big        tetˈe                1   Shipley 1963: 176, 214.
      6   bird       kʼˈut-tʼɨtʼˌɨ        1   Shipley 1963: 142, 214. Derived from kʼˌutʼ-ˈi 'creature' (a generic term for small
      7   bite       ɗˈo-                 1   Shipley 1963: 105, 214. Polysemy: 'taste (something) / bite'.
      8   black      sˈiw-sˌiw            1   Shipley 1963: 169, 214. A reduplicated form.
      9   blood      seɗˈe                1   Shipley 1963: 168, 215.
     10   bone       ɓˌɨm-ˈi              1   Shipley 1963: 96, 215.
     11   breast     nanˈa                1   Shipley 1963: 155, 217. Glossed as 'chest of body'. Distinct from mˌin-ˈi 'milk / wom
     12   burn tr.   tˈɨ-ti-              1   Shipley 1963: 178, 216. Glossed as 'burn (something)'. Derived with the causative suf
     13   claw(nail) ɓˌiʼʼ-ˈi             1   Shipley 1963: 90, 225. Polysemy: 'claw / nail / hoof'. Cf. also the compound form mˈ
     14   cloud      yˈa                  1   Shipley 1963: 123, 218.
     15   cold                           -1   Not attested properly. The dictionary lists only ɗˈupe 'cold (physically, of a person)'
     16   come       ʔɨ-yˈe-              1   Shipley 1963: 207, 218. ʔɨ- is glossed as "a general morpheme occurring as first mem
     17   die        wˈono-               1   Shipley 1963: 194, 221.
     18   dog        sˈɨ                  1   Shipley 1963: 172, 221. Polysemy: 'dog / pet, domestic animal / horse'. Cf. also wˈep
     19   drink      mo-                  1   Shipley 1963: 153, 222.
     20   dry        pʼi-kʼˈal            1   Shipley 1963: 166, 222. Glossed as 'dried out, dry'. Derived from the root pʼi- (see u
     21   ear        ɓonˈo                1   Shipley 1963: 93, 222.
     22   earth      kʼˌaw-ˈi             1   Shipley 1963: 138, 228. Polysemy: 'ground / earth / dirt'. Secondary synonym: kʼˈoɗ
     23   eat        pe-                  1   Shipley 1963: 159, 222.
     24   egg        pˈak-pak-ˌa          1   Shipley 1963: 157, 223. A reduplicated stem.
     25   eye        hˌin-ˈi              1   Shipley 1963: 116, 223. Polysemy: 'eye / any tiny seed'.
     26   fat n.     hˌɨtʼ-ˈi             1   Shipley 1963: 123, 224. Glossed as 'fat, grease'.
     27   feather    yˈe                  1   Shipley 1963: 126, 224. Polysemy: 'feather / wing of an insect'. See also notes on 'fly'
     28   fire       sˈa                  1   Shipley 1963: 167, 225.
     29   fish       makˈo                1   Shipley 1963: 150, 225.
     30   fly v.     kˈay- #              1   Shipley 1963: 131, 225. Another candidate is yˈe-y- 'to fly', derived from yˈe 'feathe
     31   foot       pˌay-ˈi              1   Shipley 1963: 157, 226.
     32   full       ʔopʼˈit-pe           1   Shipley 1963: 205, 226.
     33   give       mˈey-                1   Shipley 1963: 151, 227.
     34   good       yahˈa ~ yˈa          1   Shipley 1963: 124, 228. This stem also functions as a verb with the meaning 'like to, w
     35   green      tˈit-tˌit            1   Shipley 1963: 177, 228. Polysemy: 'blue, green'. A reduplicated form.
     36   hair       ɓutˈu                1   Shipley 1963: 94, 229. Polysemy: 'hair / fur'. Cf. also ʔonˈo-m ɓutˈu 'head hair' [ibid
     37   hand       mˈa                  1   Shipley 1963: 148, 229.
     38   head       ʔonˈo                1   Shipley 1963: 205, 229. There is also a related morpheme ʔo- ~ ʔˈos- 'having to do w
     39   hear       pˈin-                1   Shipley 1963: 160, 230.
     40   heart      hˌon-ˈi              1   Shipley 1963: 118, 230. According to [Shipley 1963: 118], possibly the same morphe
     41   horn       yˈonno               1   Shipley 1963: 129, 212. Polysemy: 'antler / horn'.
     42   I          nˈi                  1   Shipley 1963: 156, 231. Case forms: subject case nˈi , object case nˈik , possessive ca
     43   kill       wˈono-ti-            1   Shipley 1963: 194, 232. Derived from wˈono- 'die' with the causative suffix -ti- .
     44   knee       pokʼˈos-i            1   Shipley 1963: 162, 233.
     45   know       mˈak-kit-            1   Shipley 1963: 150, 233. Glossed simply as 'know' in the main text of the dictionary, b
     46   leaf       ɓotˈo                1   Shipley 1963: 94, 233.
     47   lie        wo-wˈo-kinu-         1   Shipley 1963: 192, 244. Glossed as 'be lying (someplace)'. Derived from the root wo-
     48   liver      kˈɨlla               1   Shipley 1963: 136, 234.
49   long       lˈam-pe              1   Shipley 1963: 144, 235. The word has a reduplicated variant la=lˈam-pe [ibid.].
50   louse      ɗˈi                  1   Shipley 1963: 105, 235. Glossed as 'head louse'. Distinct from peɗˈes-i 'louse (body)
51   man        yˌepʼ-ˈi             1   Shipley 1963: 127, 235. Polysemy: 'man (vir) / male animal / husband'.
52   many       pˈi                  1   Shipley 1963: 160, 235. Glossed in the main text of the dictionary as 'group, crowd, b
53   meat       sˌɨm-ˈi              1   Shipley 1963: 173, 236. Polysemy: 'deer / meat'. Secondary synonym: wˌakʼ-ˈa 'fles
54   moon       pˌokʼ-ˈo             1   Shipley 1963: 162, 237. Glossed as 'luminary / month'. Specialized expressions for 'm
55   mountain yamˈan-i               1   Shipley 1963: 125, 237.
56   mouth      sˌim-ˈi              1   Shipley 1963: 169, 237.
57   name       yˈa ~ ya             1   Shipley 1963: 123, 237.
58   neck       kʼˌuy-ˈi             1   Shipley 1963: 141, 238.
59   new                            -1   Not attested.
60   night      pˈo                  1   Shipley 1963: 161, 238. Secondary synonym: kulˈu-m ʔˌek-ˈi , literally 'dark day' [Sh
61   nose       hˈi-kɨ               1   Shipley 1963: 115, 238. Derived from the verb hˈi- 'smell, perceive an odor' with the
62   not        =men-                1   Shipley 1964: 44. Verbal negative suffix. After vowels, =men- is in free variation wi
63   one        sˈɨtti               1   Shipley 1963: 174, 239.
64   person     mˈayɗɨ               1   Shipley 1963: 149, 240. Polysemy: 'person / Indian'.
65   rain       kʼaɗˈik-i            1   Shipley 1963: 138, 244. The stem kʼaɗˈik- functions also as a verb with the meanin
66   red        lˈak-lˌak-pe         1   Shipley 1963: 143-144, 245. A reduplicated stem. The underlying form of the root en
67   road       ɓˈo                  1   Shipley 1963: 91, 245. Glossed as 'trail / path / way', but also as 'road' in the English-M
68   root       pˌiw-ˈi              1   Shipley 1963: 161, 246.
69   round (3D)1pɨlˈɨlɨm-pe          1   Shipley 1963: 164, 251. Glossed as 'spherical'. Derived from pɨlˈɨm-i 'sphere' [ibid.]
69   round (2D)2watʼˈa-m ʼʼetˈi-pe1      Shipley 1963: 184, 246. Glossed as 'round, disc-shaped'. Literally 'looking like a plate
70   sand       ɓɨmˈɨk-ɨ             1   Shipley 1963: 96, 246. Cf. kʼɨmʔˈɨk-ɨ 'sand' in the speech of one of the informants
71   say        ʔa-                  1   Shipley 1963: 197, 246. Glossed as 'call, in the special sense of "He is called (named)
72   see        ʼʼe-                 1   Shipley 1963: 99, 247.
73   seed       kʼˌom-ˈi             1   Shipley 1963: 140, 247. Secondary synonyms: hˌin-ˈi 'eye / any tiny seed' [Shipley 1
74   sit        ɓɨ-ɗˈoy-             1   Shipley 1963: 95, 249. Secondary synonyms: ɓɨ-ɗˈoy-ki-nˌu- 'sit, be sitting down' [S
75   skin       po-sˈala ~ po-sˈal-i 1   Shipley 1963: 161, 249. Polysemy: 'hide / skin / shell of a shellfish'.
76   sleep      tˈuy-                1   Shipley 1963: 178, 249.
77   small      tiɓˈi                1   Shipley 1963: 176, 249.
78   smoke      sˌukʼ-ˈu             1   Shipley 1963: 171, 250.
79   stand      tˈɨs-woyˌe- #        1   Shipley 1963: 179, 252. The verb tˈɨs-woyˌe- contains the morpheme -woyˈe- 'get t
80   star       lɨlˈɨ                1   Shipley 1963: 148, 252.
81   stone      ʔˈo                  1   Shipley 1963: 202, 245. Glossed as 'rock (stone)'.
82   sun        pˌokʼ-ˈo             1   Shipley 1963: 162, 237. Glossed as 'luminary / month'. Specialized expressions for 'su
83   swim       pɨ-yˈeto-            1   Shipley 1963: 164, 254. Glossed as 'swim (in the general sense, of people)'.
84   tail       ɓˌuk-ˈu              1   Shipley 1963: 94, 254.
85   that       ʔˌan-ˈi              1   Shipley 1963: 198, 255. Glossed as 'that yonder'. The system of demonstrative pronou
86   this       ʔunˈi                1   Shipley 1963: 206, 255. Glossed as 'this, this one'. See notes on 'that'.
87   thou       mˈi                  1   Shipley 1963: 152, 255. Case forms: subject case mˈi , object case mˈin , possessive
88   tongue     ʔˌen-ˈi              1   Shipley 1963: 199, 256.
89   tooth      ʼʼˌikʼ-ˈi            1   Shipley 1963: 101, 257.
90   tree       ʼʼˈa                 1   Shipley 1963: 97, 257. Polysemy: 'tree / wood / stick of wood'.
91   two        pˈene                1   Shipley 1963: 159, 257.
92   walk (go) ʔɨ-kʼˈoy-             1   Shipley 1963: 207, 227. Polysemy: 'go / go away'. The verb consists of the morpheme
93   warm (hot) pʼi-lˈis             1   Shipley 1963: 166, 230. Glossed as 'hot (of things)'. Same root pʼi- as in 'ashes' q.v.
94   water      mˌom-ˈi              1   Shipley 1963: 153, 259. Polysemy: 'water / stream'.
95   we         nˌi-sˈe              1   Shipley 1963: 156, 259. Glossed as 'we three or more'. Cf. the dual form nˌi-sˈa 'we
96   what       hˌes-ˈi              1   Shipley 1963: 114, 259; Shipley 1964: 60. Probably related to the root hˈes- 'thing, th
97   white      ɗˈal-ɗˌal            1   Shipley 1963: 104, 260. A reduplicated form. Cf. kˈok-kˌok 'white' in the speech of o
 98   who      homˈo-ni           1   Shipley 1963: 260; Shipley 1964: 61.
 99   woman    kɨlˈe              1   Shipley 1963: 136, 260. Irregular plural: kɨlˈok-nonˌo .
100   yellow   ʼʼu-lˈalˌak        1   Shipley 1963: 102, 261. Polysemy: 'yellow / brown'. Literally 'urine (color)-reddish'. F
101   far      haɗˈa-ɗi           1   Shipley 1963: 109, 224. Glossed as 'far away'. haɗˈa-ɗi is the locative case form of t
102   heavy    wihˈɨl- #          1   Shipley 1963: 189, 230. Glossed as 'be heavy'. Adjectival use is confirmed by the foll
103   near     heɗˈen #           1   Shipley 1963: 113, 238. Glossed as 'close, near'. Another candidate is nˈakʼ-a ~ nˌa
104   salt     ɓˈa                1   Shipley 1963: 87, 246.
105   short    tʼˈes              1   Shipley 1963: 179, 248. Polysemy: 'short / brief'. The English-Maidu section of the di
106   snake    hˈus-kɨ            1   Shipley 1963: 122, 250. Cf. hˈus-ɓillˌayto 'snake' in the speech of one of the informa
107   thin     tʼˈot-tʼˌot        1   Shipley 1963: 180, 255. Glossed as 'thin (in dimension)'. A reduplicated form. A syno
108   wind     ɓˈɨ-wo             1   Shipley 1963: 95, 260. Derived from the verb ɓˈɨ- 'blow (as breath)' [Shipley 1963:
109   worm     kʼayhˈi            1   Shipley 1963: 138, 261. Glossed as 'earthworm'.
110   year     kʼˈoɗo ~ kʼˈoɗoy   1   Shipley 1963: 140, 261. Polysemy: 'district / country / area / place / time / year'. Distin
v. {Sources: Shipley 1963; Shipley 1964.} {Ethnologue: nmu.}
 ry bit'. Derived from ʔɨpˈe 'just, only ... and no more' [Shipley 1963: 208, 239]. Cf. also ʔɨpˈe-kʼan-ɓe 'all of them / each and every' [Shipley 1963: 20
 tested, e.g., in pʼi-ɓˈu- 'be charred, blackened, burnt' [Shipley 1963: 165, 216], pʼi-lˈis 'hot' [Shipley 1963: 166, 230]) and ɗˌus-ˈi 'powder' [Shipley 1
 n-layered bark'. The Maidu language distinguishes between kapˈu 'thin-layered bark', kapˈu-m-i id. [Shipley 1963: 131, 213], on one side, and hulˈekɨ


 kʼˌutʼ-ˈi 'creature' (a generic term for small animals, birds, etc.) [Shipley 1963: 142, 219].
 te (something) / bite'.




 est of body'. Distinct from mˌin-ˈi 'milk / woman's breast' [Shipley 1963: 152, 215].
 rn (something)'. Derived with the causative suffix -ti- from tˈɨ- 'burn (not as a fire, but the object that burns)'.
w / nail / hoof'. Cf. also the compound form mˈa=ɓiʼʼ-ˌi 'fingernail' [Shipley 1963: 90, 225] (with mˈa 'hand' q.v.).

 sts only ɗˈupe 'cold (physically, of a person)' and ɗˈupe-ti 'cold (of the weather, but not freezing)' [Shipley 1963: 107, 218].
  as "a general morpheme occurring as first member of a large number of compound stems with meanings involving motion or location. The second memb

g / pet, domestic animal / horse'. Cf. also wˈepa-m sˈɨ 'dog', literally 'coyote pet' [ibid.].

ied out, dry'. Derived from the root pʼi- (see under 'ashes').

ound / earth / dirt'. Secondary synonym: kʼˈoɗo ~ kʼˈoɗoy 'district / country / area / place / time / year' [Shipley 1963: 140].




ather / wing of an insect'. See also notes on 'fly'.


 date is yˈe-y- 'to fly', derived from yˈe 'feather' q.v. [Shipley 1963: 126, 225]. The semantic difference between the two verbs is not clear. We tentatively




 functions as a verb with the meaning 'like to, want to'. yˈa is a rapid-speech variant of yahˈa .
ue, green'. A reduplicated form.
 / fur'. Cf. also ʔonˈo-m ɓutˈu 'head hair' [ibid.].

a related morpheme ʔo- ~ ʔˈos- 'having to do with the head'. According to [Shipley 1963: 202], ʔonˈo may consist of two morphs: ʔo + nˈo .

[Shipley 1963: 118], possibly the same morpheme as in hon- 'breathe' (occurs in hˈon-we 'breath, speech, words', hˈon-yewˌey 'inhale', lit. 'breathe-retur

ubject case nˈi , object case nˈik , possessive case nˌikʼ-ˈi [Shipley 1964: 29-31].
wˈono- 'die' with the causative suffix -ti- .

 y as 'know' in the main text of the dictionary, but as 'know how' and 'know (a person)' in the English-Maidu glossary. However, textual examples show th

 lying (someplace)'. Derived from the root wo- (also attested in wo-ɗˈa- 'fall down', wo-kˈit- 'put (something) down' etc.) [Shipley 1963: 192]. Analysis
a reduplicated variant la=lˈam-pe [ibid.].
ad louse'. Distinct from peɗˈes-i 'louse (body)' [Shipley 1963: 159, 235].
 n (vir) / male animal / husband'.
 main text of the dictionary as 'group, crowd, bunch', but the English-Maidu glossary also gives the meaning 'many', supported by textual examples. Secon
er / meat'. Secondary synonym: wˌakʼ-ˈa 'flesh / meat' [Shipley 1963: 182, 225]. The English-Maidu section of the dictionary glosses sˌɨm-ˈi as 'meat
minary / month'. Specialized expressions for 'moon' are kulˈu-m pˌokʼ-ˈo 'dark luminary' and pˈo-m pˌokʼ-ˈo 'night luminary'.




nonym: kulˈu-m ʔˌek-ˈi , literally 'dark day' [Shipley 1963: 199, 238].
 the verb hˈi- 'smell, perceive an odor' with the agentive suffix -kɨ .
 ix. After vowels, =men- is in free variation with =n- ; after consonants, only =men- is used.


 ɗˈik- functions also as a verb with the meaning 'to rain' [Shipley 1963: 244].
 cated stem. The underlying form of the root ends in a glottalized stop: lakʼ- .
 l / path / way', but also as 'road' in the English-Maidu section of the dictionary.

 herical'. Derived from pɨlˈɨm-i 'sphere' [ibid.].
 und, disc-shaped'. Literally 'looking like a plate', from watʼˈa 'plate, any flat object used to eat from' [Shipley 1963: 184].
 ɨ 'sand' in the speech of one of the informants, Marie Potts [Shipley 1963: 143, 246].
 ll, in the special sense of "He is called (named) Bill"; say, in the special sense of "quote"'. This verb is undoubtedly the main means of introducing direct

nonyms: hˌin-ˈi 'eye / any tiny seed' [Shipley 1963: 116, 247], kʼˌokʼ-ˈo 'seeds, nuts, anything to crack' [Shipley 1963: 140, 247], kʼˌɨm-ˈi 'seed of f
onyms: ɓɨ-ɗˈoy-ki-nˌu- 'sit, be sitting down' [Shipley 1963: 95, 249], wˈol-ki-nu- 'be sitting down' [Shipley 1963: 193, 249].
de / skin / shell of a shellfish'.




-woyˌe- contains the morpheme -woyˈe- 'get to be (some way)' [Shipley 1963: 192] and is glossed as 'stand up, get to be in a standing position' [ibid.]. H


 minary / month'. Specialized expressions for 'sun' are ʔˌek-ˈim pˌokʼ-ˈo 'day luminary' and ʔˈek-ɗa-m pˌokʼ-ˈo 'dawn luminary'.
wim (in the general sense, of people)'.

at yonder'. The system of demonstrative pronouns in Maidu includes ʔunˈi-m 'this', ʔan-ˈim 'that', mˈɨ-m 'this; that' and mˌɨy-ˈim 'this; that (person)' [S
 s, this one'. See notes on 'that'.
ubject case mˈi , object case mˈin , possessive case mˈin-kʼi [Shipley 1964: 29-31].



 / wood / stick of wood'.

 / go away'. The verb consists of the morpheme ʔɨ- (see notes on 'come') and the motion-location auxiliary -kʼoy- 'away from here, thither' [Shipley 196
 t (of things)'. Same root pʼi- as in 'ashes' q.v.

e three or more'. Cf. the dual form nˌi-sˈa 'we two'. 'We' has the same root as 'I' q.v.
 60. Probably related to the root hˈes- 'thing, things' [Shipley 1963: 114].
d form. Cf. kˈok-kˌok 'white' in the speech of one of the informants, Marie Potts [Shipley 1963: 134, 260].
 low / brown'. Literally 'urine (color)-reddish'. From the roots ʼʼu- 'urinate' and ʔelˈalak 'reddish' [Shipley 1963: 144] (see also 'red').
r away'. haɗˈa-ɗi is the locative case form of the noun haɗˈa 'the far-away place / deep (in water)'. Cf. also haɗˈa-ɗaw 'out of reach, far away' and haɗˈ
  heavy'. Adjectival use is confirmed by the following example: 'Then I picked up a club, a heavy one' (wihˈɨl-pe ) [Shipley 1963: 26-27]. Another candid
ose, near'. Another candidate is nˈakʼ-a ~ nˌakʼ-ˈa 'vicinity / near, nearby' [Shipley 1963: 155, 238].

ort / brief'. The English-Maidu section of the dictionary also lists tʼˈes-pe 'short (in stature)', tʼˈes-tʼˌes-pe 'id.'.
ayto 'snake' in the speech of one of the informants, Marie Potts [Shipley 1963: 122, 250].
 n (in dimension)'. A reduplicated form. A synonym with the same root is tʼotʼˈo 'thin (in dimension)' [ibid.]. Cf. also yɨnˈo 'thin, slim, as a man, a tree
he verb ɓˈɨ- 'blow (as breath)' [Shipley 1963: 95, 215]. The stem ɓˈɨ-wo- also functions as a verb with the meaning 'blow, as wind'.

trict / country / area / place / time / year'. Distinct from yˈok-mˌen-i 'springtime / year' [Shipley 1963: 128, 261]. The English-Maidu section of the dictio
 all of them / each and every' [Shipley 1963: 208, 211], ʔɨpˈe-kʼan-ɗˌɨk 'all, every last one, every single...' [ibid.], kˌan-ˈi 'all, the whole of it, all there
963: 166, 230]) and ɗˌus-ˈi 'powder' [Shipley 1963: 107, 242]. Cf. also the word kʼˈaw=ɗus-ˌi 'dust' (literally 'dirt powder') that means 'ashes' in the sp
 ley 1963: 131, 213], on one side, and hulˈekɨ 'thick heavy bark, as from a pine tree' [Shipley 1963: 121, 213] on the other. It is not easy to decide which




nvolving motion or location. The second member of these compounds (which supplies the specific meaning) is always one or a group of MLA" (motion-lo




tween the two verbs is not clear. We tentatively choose kˈay- for representing an underived stem.




 y consist of two morphs: ʔo + nˈo .

words', hˈon-yewˌey 'inhale', lit. 'breathe-return', etc.).




u glossary. However, textual examples show that this word is also applicable to knowledge of a situation. Cf. the following examples: "At that time, I scar

ing) down' etc.) [Shipley 1963: 192]. Analysis of textual examples (see, e.g., [Shipley 1963: 22-23, 24-25, 26-27, 38-39, 40-41, 42-43]) leaves no doubt t
 g 'many', supported by textual examples. Secondary synonym: lok- 'many, myriad' [Shipley 1963: 146].
ion of the dictionary glosses sˌɨm-ˈi as 'meat (to eat)', and wˌakʼ-ˈa as 'flesh (of human or animal)'.
kʼ-ˈo 'night luminary'.




oubtedly the main means of introducing direct speech. Secondary synonyms: kaʔˈa-y- 'say / assert' [Shipley 1963: 133, 246], mˈa-y- 'speak / quote / say

[Shipley 1963: 140, 247], kʼˌɨm-ˈi 'seed of fruit / pit' (in the speech of one of the informants, Marie Potts) [Shipley 1963: 143, 247].




d up, get to be in a standing position' [ibid.]. However, textual examples show that tˈɨs-woyˌe- can mean 'be in a standing position' as well, cf. 'Standing


ˌokʼ-ˈo 'dawn luminary'.


 'this; that' and mˌɨy-ˈim 'this; that (person)' [Shipley 1964: 34].




 -kʼoy- 'away from here, thither' [Shipley 1964: 42]. Secondary synonyms: ʔɨ-nˈo- 'walk, go along / function, run (as a machine)' [Shipley 1963: 207, 2
 y 1963: 144] (see also 'red').
o haɗˈa-ɗaw 'out of reach, far away' and haɗˈa-ɗoy 'far up high, high up' [ibid.], derived from the same noun with the motion-location auxiliaries -ɗaw-
ˈɨl-pe ) [Shipley 1963: 26-27]. Another candidate is he=hˈek-pe 'heavy' [Shipley 1963: 113, 230].




bid.]. Cf. also yɨnˈo 'thin, slim, as a man, a tree, etc.' [Shipley 1963: 131, 255].
e meaning 'blow, as wind'.

, 261]. The English-Maidu section of the dictionary glosses kʼˈoɗo as 'year (of time)' and yˈok-mˌen-i as 'year (of age)'.
..' [ibid.], kˌan-ˈi 'all, the whole of it, all there is' [Shipley 1963: 132, 211]. Textual examples in [Shipley 1963: 20-21, 32-33, 76-77] show that ʔɨpˈe-kʼ
erally 'dirt powder') that means 'ashes' in the speech of one of the informants, Marie Potts [Shipley 1963: 138, 222].
13] on the other. It is not easy to decide which word is the 'basic' one. We tentatively choose kapˈu-m-i , because it occurs several times in the texts [Ship




g) is always one or a group of MLA" (motion-location auxiliaries) [Shipley 1963: 206]. -ye- is a motion-location auxiliary meaning 'hither' [Shipley 1964




 f. the following examples: "At that time, I scarcely knew that my mother was Indian and my father white" [Shipley 1963: 50-51]; "But I don't know that v

26-27, 38-39, 40-41, 42-43]) leaves no doubt that wo-wˈo-kinu- is the main word for 'to lie'. Secondary synonyms: yo-kʼˈos- 'lie, recline' [Shipley 1963
y 1963: 133, 246], mˈa-y- 'speak / quote / say' [Shipley 1963: 149, 246], wˈe-ye- 'speak' [Shipley 1963: 184, 251].

s) [Shipley 1963: 143, 247].




be in a standing position' as well, cf. 'Standing there, (Coyote) watched' [Shipley 1963: 22-23]. Other candidates are all different derivatives from the sam




tion, run (as a machine)' [Shipley 1963: 207, 227], yˈɨ-no- 'go' [Shipley 1963: 130, 227]. These verbs contain the motion-location auxiliary -no- 'along,
oun with the motion-location auxiliaries -ɗaw- 'down and away with no interest in the goal of movement' and -ɗoy- 'upward' [Shipley 1964: 42].
1963: 20-21, 32-33, 76-77] show that ʔɨpˈe-kʼanˌi is the basic word for "plural" 'all'.

ecause it occurs several times in the texts [Shipley 1963: 12-13, 46-47, 48-49, 62-63], whereas hulˈekɨ (and kapˈu ) are found only in the dictionary. In [




cation auxiliary meaning 'hither' [Shipley 1964: 42].




[Shipley 1963: 50-51]; "But I don't know that very well, that's just what they used to say" [Shipley 1963: 52-53]; "That's when I knew that that bad man w

nonyms: yo-kʼˈos- 'lie, recline' [Shipley 1963: 127, 234], kʼaʼʼˈo- 'stretch oneself out, lie' [Shipley 1963: 138], tʼˈɨy- 'recline' [Shipley 1963: 180,
idates are all different derivatives from the same root: tˈɨs-ki-nu- 'stand', tˈɨs-wˌeye- 'id.' [Shipley 1963: 179, 252]. It is unclear if tɨs- can function as a




tain the motion-location auxiliary -no- 'along, general motion without implication of direction or attitude' [Shipley 1964: 42].
and -ɗoy- 'upward' [Shipley 1964: 42].
 d kapˈu ) are found only in the dictionary. In [Shipley 1963: 131], kapˈu and kapˈu-m-i are listed as derived from the root ka- with unclear meaning, bu




2-53]; "That's when I knew that that bad man was really sneaking up on me" [Shipley 1963: 60-61]. Secondary synonym: yˈak-kit- 'know (something)' [S

963: 138], tʼˈɨy- 'recline' [Shipley 1963: 180, 234].
179, 252]. It is unclear if tɨs- can function as an independent stem without suffixes.
ved from the root ka- with unclear meaning, but, since no other derivatives of this root are attested, and the nature of the element -pu is unknown, the mo




dary synonym: yˈak-kit- 'know (something)' [Shipley 1963: 125, 233]; this word is absent from the texts collected in [Shipley 1963].
 nature of the element -pu is unknown, the morphological segmentation remains tentative.




ollected in [Shipley 1963].

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:8/19/2012
language:English
pages:22