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Database of Green Infrastructure projects used for the

VIEWS: 153 PAGES: 44

									ID     Project/Initiative    Member State(s) and      Main Sector (other                   Strategy or policy         Geographic scale                Setting        State of implementation        Ecosystem/Habitat                 Actions/measures involved                           GI Element                           Main objectives                           Costs                          Benefits
            Name               region involved         affected sectors)                        involved                                                                                                 covered


 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          water quality and supply, climate
                                                    agriculture, built environment,                                                                                                                                                  identification/mapping/spatial planning,   protected areas, restoration zones,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         change adaptation and mitigation,
                                                   energy, fishery, forestry, health,                                                                                           Year/             e.g. arable land, coast, forest,    conservation, connecting habitats and     sustainable use areas, green urban                                              Direct/Indirect (including
                                                                                                                      local/regional, national,      rural, urban,                                                                                                                                                         biodiversity conservation, soil                                     (e.g. ecosystem services, job
                                                     tourism, transport, urban &                                                                                          Proposed-Planned-       grassland, river, wetland OR        features, restoration, creating new GI    areas, natural connectivity features,                                          opportunity costs); refer to
                                                                                                                         transnational, EU             combined                                                                                                                                                          protection, human health/quality of                                           creation/GDP)
                                                   regional planning, water, cross-                                                                                     Implemented-Evaluated       species (relevant habitats)          components, research/analysis,            artificial connectivity features;                                               time scale of costs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             life/well-being, sustainable
                                                      sectoral, nature protection                                                                                                                                                          increasing public awareness                   multifunctional zones
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     management


 2



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               media budget (€1.3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        climate change adaptation                                             the average citizen is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               million) - half spent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and mitigation; improved water                                        more knowledgable about
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               on TV commercials,
     The Netherlands Live                                                                                                                                            implemented in 2003;                                                                                                                               quality and supply (coastal                                           rising sea levels and river
                          Netherlands              water                                                            national                      combined                                       river, coast                        increasing public awareness                                                                                               25% on print media,
     With Water                                                                                                                                                      ongoing                                                                                                                                            and river flood prevention);                                          flooding concerns and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               20% on outdoor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        human health/quality of                                               supportive of policies to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               media (billboards,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        life/well-being                                                       address these issues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               etc) and 5% on radio




 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                green urban areas;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                connectivity features;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                protected areas --> The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                regulations are divided
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                according to different types
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                of climate-amelioration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                mechanisms and diff types
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                of GI. (1) Preservation and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              improved air flow and
                                                                                        German Building Code                                                                                                                         creating new GI components;                acquisition of green space
     Combating heat                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            to generate climatic           quality; creation of
                                                                                        (BauGB); Federal Nature                                                                                                                      conservation;                              (landscape and open-space climate change adaptation
     island and poor air                           urban and regional                                                                                                2008 - release of the                                                                                                                                                                     data around which              protected areas via
                            Stuttgart, Germany                                          Conservation Act of the     local/regional                urban                                                                              identification/mapping/spatial             control plan; benchmarks      and mitigation; human
     quality with green                            planning; health                                                                                                  Climate Atlas                                                                                                                                                                             the Climate Atlas is           building and development
                                                                                        Land of Baden-                                                                                                                               planning; connecting habitats              for describing 'green' uses; helath/quality of life/well-being
     aeration corridors                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        produced                       restrictions; improved
                                                                                        Württemberg (NatSchG)                                                                                                                        and features; research/analysis            avoidance of soil capping;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              citizen health
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                green spaces and water;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                roof and facade greening)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                and (2) securing the local
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                air exchange (cold air
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                production, fresh air supply,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                green corridors,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                advantageous forms of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                development)


 4


                                                                                                                                                                     2009 - update of national
                                                                                                                                                                     standards for land use
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               development of
     Development of open                           urban and regional                   national standards for land                                                  planning; 2010 - adoption                                       spatial planning;
                         Slovakia                                                                                   national                      urban                                                                                                                                                                 climate change adaptation              standards for open
     space standards                               planning                             use planning                                                                 of standards by Slovakian                                       reesearch/analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               space
                                                                                                                                                                     Ministry for Construction
                                                                                                                                                                     and Regional Development



 5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            development of a 'green
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              system' linking the town
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              with the countryside,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        climate change adaptation                                             providing space for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     spatial planning; increasing
     Extra cubature for                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and mitigation; human                                                 recreation and biodiversity
                                                   health; urban & regional                                                                                                                                                          public awareness; connecting               green urban areas; natural
     developers in return   Faenza, Italy                                      Town Planning Regulations local/regional                           combined           ongoing (since??)                                                                                                                                  helath/quality of life/well-                                          functions; increasing town
                                                   planning; built environment                                                                                                                                                       habitats and features; creating            connectivity features
     for green space                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    being, biodiversity                                                   population (6% growth);
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     new GI components
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        conservation                                                          development of 2 bio-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              neioghborhoods w/500
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              apartments and 250
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              private property units;
 6

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         costs of measures to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  improvement of existing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         mitigate the impact of
     Financial                                                                    2007 Joint Interim                                        implemented in 2007;                          conservation;                                                                                                           recreational sites and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        biodiversity conservation;       urban development
     contributions of                                                             Planning Framework (to                                    Interim Planning                              identification/mapping/spatial   protected areas; sustainable                                                           development of new
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        human quality of life/well-      on heathland in SE
     planning applications   Dorset, England         urban & regional planning    cover all protected           local/regional   combined   Framework was reviewed heathland              planning; creating new GI        use areas; green urban                                                                 recreational infrastructure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        being; climate change            Dorset has been
     for prevention of                                                            heathland across SE                                       in 2010 (in place until end                   components; increasing public    areas                                                                                  for public use; protection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        mitigation                       estimated at
     heathland fires                                                              Dorset)                                                   of 2011)                                      awareness                                                                                                               of ES via conservation of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         £3,501,578 (Sept.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  heathlands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2009 prices)


 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  safeguarding and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  improving microclimate
                                                                                  the Landscape                                                                                                                                                                                                                   and atmospheric hygiene;
                                                                                  Programme 1984/1994                                                                                                                                                                                                             safeguarding and
                                                                                                                                            developed in 1980s and                        creating new GI components;                                      biodiversity conservation;
     The Biotope Area                                urban & regional planning;   (the Biotope Area Factor                                                                                                                                                                                                        developing soil function
                             Berlin, Germany                                                                    local/regional   urban      introduced as a binding                       increasing public awareness;     green urban areas               human quality of life/well-
     Factor                                          built environment; water     fits into the nature and                                                                                                                                                                                                        and water balance;
                                                                                                                                            document in 1994                              spatial planning                                                 being; soil protection
                                                                                  wildlife protection strand of                                                                                                                                                                                                   creating and enhancing
                                                                                  the Programme);                                                                                                                                                                                                                 quality of plant and animal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  habitats; improving the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  residential environment

 8                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                decrease in rainwater
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  runoff rates (by half);
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  improved image of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  area; biodiversity has
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  increased by 50% (green
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  roofs have attracted birds
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  and insects and open
     Ekostaden                                                                                                                              started in 1997;
                                                                                                                                                                                          spatial planning; creating new GI                                water quality and supply;                              storm water system
     Augustenborg'                                   built environment; urban                                                               implemented from 1998-
                             Malmö, Sweden                                                                      local/regional   urban                                                    components, increasing public     green urban areas              biodiversity conservation;       SEK 200M              provides better
     (urban regeneration                             and regional planning                                                                  2002; system operational
                                                                                                                                                                                          awareness                                                        human quality of life/well-being                       environment for the local
     initiative)                                                                                                                            since 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  plants and wildlife);
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  decreased env impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  (20% less) ;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  umemployment fell from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  30 to 6%; turnover of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tenancies decreased by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  50%
 9                                                                                Directive 92/43/EEC -
                                                                                  "Conservation of natural
                                                                                  habitats and of wild fauna
                                                                                  and flora" (21.05.92)
                                                                                  Council Decision                                                                                        conservation; creating new GI
     Conservation and      Niederösterreich,Kärnten                               93/626/EEC -"Conclusion                                   implemented; 1 July - 31
                                                    nature protection (built                                                                                                              components; connecting                                                                         Budget: 866,445.00
     management of the     ,Steiermark,Oberösterrei                               of the Convention on          transnational    combined   Dec 2005; bridge           brown bear                                          artificial connectivity features biodiversity conservation
                                                    environment; transport)                                                                                                               habitats and features;                                                                         EUR
     brown bear in Austria ch,Salzburg,Tirol                                      Biological Diversity"                                     completed in 2005
                                                                                                                                                                                          research/analysis
                                                                                  (25.10.93)
                                                                                  COM (98) 42 final -
                                                                                  "Communication on a
                                                                                  European Community
                                                                                  Biodiversity Strategy"
10



                                                                                  Directive 92/43/EEC -                                                                                   connecting habitats and
     Corridors for
                                                                                  "Conservation of natural                                                                                features; creating new GI                                                                      budget: 1,100,000
     Cantabrian Brown        Spain                   nature protection                                          national         rural      1 Jan 2009 - 31 Dec 2011 brown bear                                            natural connectivity features biodiversity conservation
                                                                                  habitats and of wild fauna                                                                              components; increasing public                                                                  EUR
     Bear Conservation
                                                                                  and flora" (21.05.92)                                                                                   awareness




11


                                                                                                                                                                                          identification/mapping/spatial
                                                                                                                                                                                          planning, conservation,
     Conservation of large
                                                     nature protection (urban     action plan for habitat                                   1 Sep 2002 to 31 Aug                          connecting habitats and
     carnivores in         Slovania                                                                             national         combined                              large carnivores                                    natural connectivity features biodiversity conservation       Budget: 607,822 EUR
                                                     and regional planning)       improvement                                               2005                                          features, creating new GI
     Slovenia, part 1
                                                                                                                                                                                          components, research/analysis,
                                                                                                                                                                                          increasing public awareness
12




     Recovery of Iberian
                                                                                                                                                                                                conservation, increasing public    protected areas, restoration
     lynx habitat in      Alentejo, Portugal         nature protection                                       local/regional   rural   1 Oct 2006 - 31 Dec 2009 iberian lynx                                                                                       biodiversity conservation    Budget: 493,443 EUR
                                                                                                                                                                                                awareness, restoration             zones
     Moura/Barrancos Site




13




     Conserving                                                                                                                                                  Acrocephalus paludicola
                                                                                  Directive 79/409/EEC -                                                                                        conservation, restoration,         protected areas, restoration   water quality and supply,
     Acrocephalus                                                                                                                                                (mires, bogs, fens, atlantic                                                                                                  Budget: 5,457,109
                              Poland, Germany        nature protection (water)    "Conservation of wild      transnational    rural   1 Feb 2005 - 31 May 2011                                  creating new GI components,        zones, sustainable use         biodiversity conservation,                         improved ES
     paludicola in Poland                                                                                                                                        salt meadows, molinia                                                                                                         EUR
                                                                                  birds" (02.04.79)                                                                                             increasing public awareness        areas                          sustainable management
     and Germany                                                                                                                                                 meadows)




14




     Conservation of the                                                          Agreement on the                                                               aquatic warbler (salt
                                                                                                                                                                                                research analysis, conservation,
     aquatic warbler in the                                                       Conservation of Agrican-                                                       meadows; salt steppes;                                            restoration zones, protected water quality and supply,      Budget: 1,217,240
                              Castilla-León, Spain   nature protection (water)                               local/regional   rural   1 Jun 2002 - 31 May 2006                                  restoration, increasing public                                                                                       improved ES
     ZEPA 'La Nava                                                                Eurasian Migratory                                                             mesotrophic waters with                                           areas, sustainable use areas biodiversity conservation      EUR
                                                                                                                                                                                                awareness
     Campos'                                                                      Waterbirds (AEWA)                                                              benthic vegetation)




15


                                                                                  Directive 79/409/EEC;
                                                                                                                                                                 aquatic warbler (coastal
     Conservation of the                                                          Agreement on the                                                                                              research analysis, conservation,                                water quality and supply,
                                                                                                                                                                 lagoons, atlantic salt                                            restoration zones, protected
     aquatic warbler in       Bretagne, France       nature protection (water)    Conservation of Agrican-   local/regional   rural   1 Jan 2004 - 30 Apr 2009                                  restoration, increasing public                                  biodiversity conservation,     Budget: 965,139 EUR improved ES
                                                                                                                                                                 meadows, mediterranean                                            areas, sustainable use areas
     Brittany                                                                     Eurasian Migratory                                                                                            awareness                                                       sustainable management
                                                                                                                                                                 salt meadows, dunes)
                                                                                  Waterbirds (AEWA)




16




                                                                                                                                                                                                connecting habitats and
     Actions for the                                                              Natura 2000 (Directive
                            Criox Scaille plateau,                                                                                                                                              features; creating new GI          restoration zones, natural                                  Budget: 2,116,700
     valleys and turf                                nature protection (water)    79/409/EEC, Directive      local/regional   rural   1 Jan 2006 - 31 Dec 2009 wetland, forest, grassland                                                                         biodiversity conservation                          improved ES
                            Belgium                                                                                                                                                             components; increasing public      connectivity features                                       EUR
     moors of Criox Scaille                                                       92/43/EEC)
                                                                                                                                                                                                awareness




17




                                                                                                                                                                                             conservation, connecting
     Rehabilitation of                                                                                                                                           mountain hay meadows,
                                                                                    Natura 2000 (Directive                                                                                   habitats and features,
     heath and mires on                              nature protection                                                                Jan 2007 - Dec. 2011;      raised bogs, beech forests,                                                                                                   Budget: 4,500,300
                              Belgium                                               79/409/EEC; Directive    local/regional   rural                                                          restoration, creating new GI          restoration zones              sustainable management                             improved ES
     the Hautes-Fagnes                               (agriculture, water, forestry)                                                   ongoing                    dry heaths, bog woodland,                                                                                                     EUR
                                                                                    92/43/EEC)                                                                                               components, increasing public
     plateau                                                                                                                                                     grasslands, wet heaths
                                                                                                                                                                                             awareness
18




                                                                                                                                                                                          conservation, connecting
     Reconstituting a
                                                                         Natura 2000 (annexes II                                                                                          habitats and features,            protected areas, restoration
     habitat network for                                                                                                         1 Jan 2009 - 31 Dec                                                                                                       biodiversity conservation,      Budget: 7,120,000
                            Belgium         nature protection            and IV of the Habitats         national         rural                              butterflies (wet meadows)     restoration, creating new GI      zones, natural connectivity                                                         improved ES
     threatened butterflies                                                                                                      2013; ongoing                                                                                                             sustainable management          EUR
                                                                         Directive (92/43/CEE))                                                                                           components, increasing public     features
     in the Walloon region
                                                                                                                                                                                          awareness




19
                                                                         Natura 2000 (Regulation
                                                                         1257/1999 EC;
                                                                         Recommendation
     Gulf of Finland -
                                                                         2002/413 EC; Directive                                                             migratory birds (mires and
     Management of         Uusimaa and                                                                                                                                                    conservation, restoration,                                       water quality and supply;
                                            nature protection (water,    79/409/EEC; Directive                                                              bogs; wooded pastures;                                          restoration zones,                                              Budget: 3,290,718
     wetlands along the    Kymenlaakso                                                                  local/regional   rural   1 Jul 2003 - 30 Jun 2007                                 creating new GI components,                                      biodiversity conservation;                           improved ES
                                            agriculture)                 92/43/EEC;                                                                         coastal meadows;                                                sustainable use areas                                           EUR
     Gulf of Finland       Finland                                                                                                                                                        increasing public awareness                                      human quality of life/well-being
                                                                          Council Decision                                                                  estuaries)
     migratory flyway
                                                                         93/626/EEC; COM(95)
                                                                         189 ; COM (98) 42 final;
                                                                         COM (2001)162 final)

20


                                                                        Natura 2000 (Directive
                                                                        79/409/EEC -
     Promotion of public                                                "Conservation of wild                                                               active raised bogs, aapa
                                                                                                                                                                                          conservation; restoration;        restoration zones,             biodiversity conservation;                           improved ES; socio-
     awareness and                                                      birds" (02.04.79)                                                                   mires, petrifying springs,                                                                                                     Budget: 1,726,925
                           Lappi, Finland   nature protection (tourism)                                 local/regional   rural   1 Aug 2006 - 30 Oct 2010                                 research/analysis; increasing     sustainable use areas;         human health/qualifty of                             economic development
     protection of aapa                                                 Directive 92/43/EEC -                                                               swamp woods, bog                                                                                                               EUR
                                                                                                                                                                                          public awareness                  protected areas                life/well-being                                      (via ecotourism)
     mires in Lapland                                                   "Conservation of natural                                                            woodland, alluvial forests
                                                                        habitats and of wild fauna
                                                                        and flora" (21.05.92))



21                                                                         Natura 2000 (# Directive
                                                                           79/409/EEC -
                                                                           "Conservation of wild
                                                                           birds" (02.04.79)
                                                                           # Directive 92/43/EEC -                                                                                                                                                         water quality and supply,
                                                                                                                                                                                          conservation, connecting
                                                                           "Conservation of natural                                                                                                                         restoration zones, natural     biodiversity conservation,
                                                                                                                                                            active raised bogs, bog       habitats and features,
     Rosenheimer master                     nature protection              habitats and of wild fauna                                                                                                                       connectivity features,         human health/quality of         Budget: 1,874,014
                           Germany                                                                      local/regional   rural   1 Jul 2005 - 30 Oct 2010   woodland, alluvial forests,   restoration, creating new GI                                                                                          improve ES
     basin bogs                             (agriculture, water, forestry) and flora" (21.05.92)                                                                                                                            sustainable use areas,         life/well-being (recreational   EUR
                                                                                                                                                            calcareaous forests           components, increasing public
                                                                           # Council Decision                                                                                                                               multifunctional zones          access and tours),
                                                                                                                                                                                          awareness
                                                                           93/626/EEC -"Conclusion                                                                                                                                                         sustainable management
                                                                           of the Convention on
                                                                           Biological Diversity"
                                                                           (25.10.93)
22                                                                         # COM(95) 189 -

     "Lippeaue" -
     Improvement of the
     connection between
                                                                                                                                                            alluvial forests, natural                                        restoration zones,
     the river and the                      nature protection, water                                                             1 Mar 2010 - 28 Feb                                      conservation, connecting                                                                         Budget: 6,011,951
                           Germany                                       Habitats Directive             local/regional   rural                              eutrophic lakes, water                                           sustainable use areas,        water quality and supply                             improve ES
     floodplain within the                  (agriculture)                                                                        2015; ongoing                                            habitats and features, restoration                                                               EUR
                                                                                                                                                            courses                                                          natural connectivity features
     pSCI "Lippe
     floodplain between
     Hangfort and Hamm"


23



     Management and                                                                                                                                                                       conservation, connecting
     Connectivity of                                                                                                                                                                      habitats and features;
                                                                                                                                 1 Jan 2010 to 31 Dec                                                                       natural connectivity                                           Budget: 1,068,101
     Amphibians in the     Germany          nature protection            Habitats Directive             local/regional   rural                              amphibians (ponds)            restoration; creating new GI                                     biodiversity conservation
                                                                                                                                 2014; ongoing                                                                              features; restoration zones                                    EUR
     Cultural Landscape                                                                                                                                                                   components; increasing public
     of Lower Saxony                                                                                                                                                                      awareness; research
24



     Implementation of                                                                                                                                                                         conservation, connecting
     Management Plans                                                                                                                                             active raised bogs, forests, habitats and features, increasing protected areas; natural                                            Budget:
                          Greece                 nature protection (forestry) Natura 2000                    local/regional   rural    1 Jan 2000 - 28 Feb 2003                                                                                                  biodiversity conservation
     in Gramos and                                                                                                                                                grasslands                   public awareness,                 connectivity features                                               1,912,226.47 EUR
     Rodopi Areas, Greece                                                                                                                                                                      research/analysis




25                                                                              # Directive 92/43/EEC -
                                                                                "Conservation of natural
                                                                                habitats and of wild fauna
                                                                                and flora" (21.05.92)
                                                                                # Council Decision                                                                                                                                                               water quality and supply, soil
     Restoring raised                            nature protection (forestry,   93/626/EEC -"Conclusion                                1 Oct 2004 - 30 Sept.      raised bogs, alkaline fens,   restoration, creating public      restoration zones, protected                                       Budget: 2,500,000
                           Ireland                                                                           local/regional   rural                                                                                                                              protection, human                                       improved ES
     bogs in Ireland                             agriculture, water)            of the Convention on                                   2008                       bog woodland                  awareness, research/analysis      areas                                                              EUR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 health/quality of life/well-being
                                                                                Biological Diversity"
                                                                                (25.10.93)
                                                                                # COM(95) 189 -
                                                                                "Communication on the
                                                                                judicious use and
26


                                                                                Natura 2000 (* Directive
                                                                                79/409/EEC -
                                                                                "Conservation of wild                                                             aapa mires, sandbanks,
                           Estonia, Latvia and                                  birds" (02.04.79)                                                                 mudflats and sandflats,       conservation, increasing public   protected areas, sustainable biodiversity conservation,            Budget: 3,111,316
     Baltic Marine MPA                           marine, fishery                                             transnational    marine   1 Aug 2005 - 30 Nov 2009                                                                                                                                                          transboundary networking
                           Lithuania                                               * Directive 92/43/EEC -                                                        coastal lagoons, reefs,       awareness                         use areas                    sustainable management                EUR
                                                                                "Conservation of natural                                                          inlets and bays
                                                                                habitats and of wild fauna
                                                                                and flora" (21.05.92))



27




                                                                                                                                                                  raised bogs, transition
                                                                                                                                                                  mires and quaking bogs,
                                                                                Natura 2000 (Directive
                                                                                                                                                                  beech forests, bog            identification/mapping/spatial
     Conservation of baltic                                                     92/43/EEC -"Conservation
                                                 nature protection (water,                                                             2 Nov 2003 - 30 Sept       woodland, alluvial forests,   planning, conservation,           restoration zones, protected   water quality and supply,
     raised bogs in         Poland                                              of natural habitats and of local/regional     rural                                                                                                                                                                  Budget: 968,337 EUR improved ES
                                                 forestry)                                                                             2007                       dystrophic lakes and          restoration, increasing public    areas                          biodiversity conservation
     Pomerania, Poland                                                          wild fauna and flora"
                                                                                                                                                                  ponds, European dry           awareness, research/analysis
                                                                                (21.05.92))
                                                                                                                                                                  heaths, Northern Atlantic
                                                                                                                                                                  Wet Heaths




28



     Population recovery                                                                                                                                                                        conservation, connecting
                                                 nature protection (wildlife                                                                                                                                                      protected areas, natural                                           Budget: 9,285,714
     of Iberian Lynx in    Spain                                                                             local/regional   rural    1 Jul 2002 - 30 Jun 2006   iberian lynx                  habitats and features, increasing                                biodiversity conservation
                                                 conservation)                                                                                                                                                                    connectivity features                                              EUR
     Andalusia                                                                                                                                                                                  public awareness




29



     Conservation of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             biodiversity conservation;
     cetaceans and turtles                                                                                                                                        turtles and cetaceans         conservation, restoration,        sustainable use areas,         human quality of life/well-         Budget: 3,474,234   strengthened socio-
                           Spain                 nature protection (fishery)                                 local/regional   marine   1 Jul 2002 - 30 Jun 2006
     in Andalusia and                                                                                                                                             (coast, marine)               increasing public/awareness       restoration                    being; sustainable                  EUR                 economic development
     Murcia                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      management
30


                                                                                   Natura 2000 (Directive
     Ancares/Castilla
                                                                                   79/409/EEC -
     León - Ancares                                                                                                                                                                                          conservation, connecting
                                                                                   "Conservation of wild                                                                                                                                     protected areas, restoration
     project : co-ordinate                                                                                                                                                      banket bogs, oak woods,      habitats and features,
                                                    nature protection (tourism,    birds" (02.04.79) Directive                                                                                                                               zones, natural connectivity                                       Budget: 861, 363.88
     management of two       Castilla-León, Spain                                                              local/regional             rural      1 Jul 1999 - 30 Jun 2002   sativa woods, wet heaths,    restoration, creating new GI                                    biodiversity conservation
                                                    forestry)                      92/43/EEC -"Conservation                                                                                                                                  features, sustainable use                                         EUR
     adjoining                                                                                                                                                                  grasslands                   components, increasing public
                                                                                   of natural habitats and of                                                                                                                                areas
     comunitarian sites of                                                                                                                                                                                   awareness
                                                                                   wild fauna and flora"
     interest (LIC)
                                                                                   (21.05.92))



31


                                                                                   Natura 2000 (Directive                                                                                                    conservation, connecting
     Ancares Project : co-                                                                                                                                                      blanket bogs, alluvial
                                                                                   92/43/EEC -"Conservation                                                                                                  habitats and features,          protected areas, restoration,
     ordinate management Galicia and Castile-       nature protection (tourism,                                                                                                 forests, oak woods, sativa                                                                                                     Budget:
                                                                                   of natural habitats and of local/regional              rural      1 Jul 1999 - 31 Dec 2003                                restoration, creating new GI    sustainable use areas,        biodiversity conservation
     of two adjoining sites Leon, Spain             forestry)                                                                                                                   woods, dry heaths,                                                                                                             1,008,597.49 EUR
                                                                                   wild fauna and flora"                                                                                                     components, increasing public   natural connectivity features
     of community interest                                                                                                                                                      grasslands
                                                                                   (21.05.92))                                                                                                               awareness



32                                                                               # Regulation 1257/1999
                                                                                 EC - Support for rural
                                                                                 development from the
                                                                                 European Agricultural
                                                                                 Guidance a ...
     Restoring active
                                                                                 # Directive 79/409/EEC -                                                                                                                                    restoration zones,
     blanket bog of                                                                                                                                                             blanket bogs, natural        conservation, restoration,                                      biodiversity conservation,        Budget: 4,547,869
                         UK (Scotland)              nature protection (forestry) "Conservation of wild                   local/regional   rural      1 Mar 2001 - 31 Dec 2006                                                                sustainable use areas,
     European importance                                                                                                                                                        dystropic lakes and ponds    increasing public/awareness                                     sustainable management            EUR
                                                                                 birds" (02.04.79)                                                                                                                                           protected areas
     in North Scotland
                                                                                 # Directive 92/43/EEC -
                                                                                 "Conservation of natural
                                                                                 habitats and of wild fauna
                                                                                 and flora" (21.05.92)
                                                                                 # Council Decision
33                                                                               93/626/EEC -"Conclusion


                                                                                   Natura 2000 (Directive
                                                                                   92/43/EEC -"Conservation
     Restoration of                                 nature protection (forestry,                                                                                                                             conservation, restoration,      restoration zones, protected                                      Budget: 2,139,262
                             UK (Scotland)                                         of natural habitats and of local/regional              rural      1 Jan 2001 - 31 Dec 2003 raised bogs                                                                                 sustainable management
     Scottish raised bogs                           water)                                                                                                                                                   increasing public awareness     areas, sustainable use areas                                      EUR
                                                                                   wild fauna and flora"
                                                                                   (21.05.92))




34


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             water quality and supply,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             restoration zones,
     Restoration of                                 nature protection (water,                                                                                                   alluvial forests, hay                                                                        biodiversity conservation, soil   Budget: 1,777,750
                             Austria                                                                                     local/regional   combined   1 Jul 2002 - 30 Jun 2006                                restorationn                    sustainable use areas,                                                                  improved ES
     Danube river banks                             transport, tourism)                                                                                                         meadows, river                                                                               protection, sustainable           EUR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             multifunctional zones
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             management



35                                                                                  Land
                                                                                      * Regulation 1257/1999 EC -
                                                                                   Support for rural development                                                                oak-hornbeam forests,
                                                                                   from the European Agricultural                                                               beech forests, siliceous                                                                     water quality and supply, soil
                                                    nature protection (forestry,   Guidance a ...                                                                                                                                            restoration zones,                                                Budget: 5,200,000
     WACHAU                  Austria                                                                                     local/regional   combined   1 Jul 2003 - 30 Jun 2008   rock, pammonian woods,       restoration                                                     protection, biodiversity                                improved ES
                                                    fisheries, water, tourism)        Nature protection and                                                                                                                                  sustainable use areas                                             EUR
                                                                                   Biodiversity                                                                                 alluvial forests, steppic                                                                    conservation
                                                                                      * Directive 79/409/EEC -                                                                  grasslands, hay meadows
                                                                                   "Conservation of wild birds"
                                                                                   (02.04.79)
36                                                                                  Natura 2000 ... Nature
                                                                                   protection and Biodiversity
                                                                                      * Directive 92/43/EEC -
                                                                                   "Conservation of natural habitats
                                                                                   and of wild fauna and flora"
                                                                                   (21.05.92)                                                                                                                connecting habitats and
                                                    nature protection (water,         * Council Decision 93/626/EEC                                                                                          features; creating new GI       restoration zones, artificial                                     Budget: 3,150,771
     Donau- Ybbs Linkage Austria                                                                                         local/regional   combined   1 Jul 2004 - 30 Jun 2009   river                                                                                        biodiversity conservation                               improve ES
                                                    fishery, energy)               -"Conclusion of the Convention                                                                                            components, conservation,       connectivity features                                             EUR
                                                                                   on Biological Diversity" (25.10.93)                                                                                       restoration
                                                                                      * COM(95) 189 -
                                                                                   "Communication on the judicious
                                                                                   use and conservation of
                                                                                   wetlands" (12.12.95)
                                                                                      * COM (98) 42 final -
                                                                                   "Communication on a European
37




                                                                                                                                                                                                    conservation, connecting          protected areas, restoration
     Living space in the
                                             nature protection (fishery,   Natura 2000 (Birds and                                                                                                   habitats and features,            zones, sustainable use         biodiversity conservation, soil   Budget: 6,685,000
     rivers of Mostviertel-   Austria                                                                    local/regional          rural      1 Jan 2009 - 30 Jun 2014 river                                                                                                                                                   improved ES
                                             water)                        Habitats Directives)                                                                                                     restoration, creating new GI      areas, natural connectivity    protection                        EUR
     Wachau
                                                                                                                                                                                                    components                        features




38


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     biodiversity conservation, soil
     Dry calcareous and
                                                                                                                                                                                                    conservation, connecting                                         protection, human
     rupicolous                                                                                          local/regional sites,                                                                                                        restoration, sustainable use
                                             nature protecton                                                                                                                                       habitats and features,                                           health/quality of life/well-      Budget: 4,827,036
     grasslands of lower      Belgium                                      Natura 2000                   national                rural      1 Feb 2009 - 31 Jan 2014 dry grasslands                                                   areas, natural connectivity                                                            improve ES
                                             (agriculture, tourism)                                                                                                                                 restoration, increasing public                                   being, climate change             EUR
     and middle valleys of                                                                               implementation                                                                                                               fewatures
                                                                                                                                                                                                    awareness                                                        adapation and mitigation,
     the Meuse basin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     sustainable management



39



     Restoring active
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   climate change adaptation,
     blanket bog in the                      nature protection                                                                                                                                      conservation, restoration,        restoration zones, protected                                     Budget: 3,765,394
                              UK (Wales)                                   Natura 2000                   local/regional          rural      1 Aug 2006 - 31 Mar 2011 blanket bogs                                                                                  biodiversity conservation,
     Berwyn and Migneint                     (agriculture)                                                                                                                                          increasing public awareness       areas, sustainable use areas                                     EUR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   sustainable management
     SACs in Wales




40


     Tackling Climate
     Change-Related                                                        Natura 2000 (Directive
                                                                                                                                                                                                    conservation, restoration,                                       climate change adaptation
     Threats to an                                                         79/409/EEC -                                                                                                                                                                                                                Budget: 2,009,660
                              UK (England)   nature protection (marine)                                  local/regional          rural      1 Jan 2009 - 31 Dec 2012 coast                          creating new GI components,       restoration, protected areas   and mitigation; biodiversity
     Important Coastal                                                     "Conservation of wild                                                                                                                                                                                                       EUR
                                                                                                                                                                                                    increasing public awareness                                      conservation, soil protection
     SPA in Eastern                                                        birds" (02.04.79))
     England




41
     Responding to the
     risks from climate
     change - developing
     sustainable                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     climate change adaptation
                                                                                                         national study,
     strategies for                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  and mitigation, human
                                                                                                         intended to be used                30 Sept 2003 - 30 Sept                                                                                                                                     Budget: 1,682,954
     management of            UK             regional planning; marine                                                         rural                                   coast                        research/analysis                 NA                             health/quality of life/well-
                                                                                                         throughout EU coastal              2006                                                                                                                                                       EUR
     natural hazards in                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              being, sustainable
                                                                                                         communities
     coastal areas taking                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            management
     account of the
     impacts of climate
     change
42                                                                         UK Biodiversity Action
                                                                           Plan for the species
                                                                           (supported the Highways
                                                                           Agency Biodiversity Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                    conservation, connecting
     Restoration of the                                                    Plan); Target EU                                                                                                                                           protected areas, restoration
                                                                                                                                                                       marsh fritillary butterfly   habitats and features,
     mid Cornwall Moors                      nature protecton              Legislation: Regulation                                          17 Mar 2003 - 30 Jun                                                                      zones, sustainable use                                           Budget: 1,843,502
                              UK                                                                      local/regional             combined                              (Euphydryas aurinia) - wet   restoration, creating new GI                                     biodiversity conservation
     for the Euphydryas                      (agriculture, transport)      1257/1999 EC - Support                                           2008                                                                                      areas, natural connectivity                                      EUR
                                                                                                                                                                       heaths, dry heaths           components, increasing public
     aurinia                                                               for rural development from                                                                                                                                 features
                                                                                                                                                                                                    awareness
                                                                           the European Agricultural
                                                                           Guidance a; Directive
                                                                           92/43/EEC -"Conservation
                                                                           of natural habitats and of
43                                                                         wild fauna and flora"
                                                                             * Regulation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             stimulate local economy,
                                                                           2078/92/EEC -
     Landscape and                                                                                                                                                                                  spatial planning, conservation,   restoration zones,                                                                     revival of agricultural
                                             urban and regional            "Agricultural production                                                                                                                                                                  human health/quality of
     management of                                                                                                                                                                                  restoration, creating new GI      sustainable use areas,                                            Budget: 956,832.17   activity, improved access
                              France         planning (agriculture,        methods compatible with       local/regional          combined   1 Jul 1998 - 31 Dec 2001   arable land                                                                                   life/well-being (soil protection),
     natural suburban                                                                                                                                                                               components, increasing public     green urban areas,                                                EUR                  to roads and paths,
                                             tourism, nature protection)   the requirements of the ...                                                                                                                                                               sustainable management
     areas                                                                                                                                                                                          awareness                         multifunctional zones                                                                  increased access to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             hiking paths
44                                                                            Directive 86/278/EEC -
     GALLECS                                                                  "Protection of the
     (demonstration                                                           environment, and in
     project on land use                                                      particular of the soil, when
     and environmental                                                        sewage ...
     management of the                           urban and regional           Regulation 2079/92 EEC -                                                                                                                                                             human health/quality of
                                                                              "Instituting a community                                                                                           spatial planning, conservation,
     physical planning in                        planning (nature                                                                                                                                                                   restoration zones,             life/well-being; sustainable      Budget: 1,501,183
                               Cataluña, Spain                                aid scheme for early           local/regional   combined   1 Dec 2001 - 30 Nov 2004 arable land                    creating new GI components,
     Gallecs as a                                protection, agriculture,                                                                                                                                                           sustainable use areas          management (soil protection,      EUR
                                                                              retirement from farming"                                                                                           increasing public awareness
     biological and stable                       energy, forestry)                                                                                                                                                                                                 biodiversity conservation)
     connector in the                                                         (3 ...
     fringe space of                                                          Regulation 2078/92/EEC -
     Barcelona                                                                "Agricultural production
     metropolitan area)                                                       methods compatible with
                                                                              the requirements of the ...
                                                                              Regulation 2080/92/EEC -
45



     ANELLA VERDA -                                                                                                                                                                              spatial planning, conservation,
                                                 urban and regional                                                                                                                                                                                              human health/quality of
     GREEN BELT. A                                                                                                                                                                               connecting habitats and            protected areas, sustainable
                                                 planning (nature                                                                                                                                                                                                life/well-being, biodiversity       Budget: 1,689,869
     proposal for              Spain                                                                         local/regional   combined   1 Sept 2001 - 1 Sept 2004                               features, creating new GI          use areas, natural
                                                 protection, built                                                                                                                                                                                               conservation, water quality         EUR
     sustainable territorial                                                                                                                                                                     components, increasing public      connectivity features
                                                 environment, forestry)                                                                                                                                                                                          and supply
     planning                                                                                                                                                                                    awareness




46                                                                            Regulation 1257/1999 EC -
                                                                               Support for rural
                                                                              development from the
                                                                              European Agricultural
                                                                                                                                                                     fens, hay/wooded
                                                                              Guidance and Natura
     Coastal Meadows                                                                                                                                                 meadows, petrifying                                                                           water quality and supply,
                                                 nature protection (urban     2000 (Directive                                                                                                    spatial planning, conservation,    protected areas, restoration
     and Wetlands in the                                                                                                                                             springs, sandbanks,                                                                           biodiversity conservation, soil   Budget: 3,362,119
                               Öland, Sweden     and regional planning,       79/409/EEC -                 local/regional     rural      1 Nov 2000 - 30 Jun 2005                                restoration, creating new GI       zones, sustainable use
     Agricultural                                                                                                                                                    mudflats, shallow inlets                                                                      protection, sustainable           EUR
                                                 agriculture, water)          "Conservation of wild                                                                                              components                         areas
     Landscape of Öland                                                                                                                                              and bays, beaches,                                                                            management
                                                                              birds" (02.04.79); Directive
                                                                                                                                                                     grasslands, flatrocks
                                                                              92/43/EEC -"Conservation
                                                                              of natural habitats and of
                                                                              wild fauna and flora"
                                                                              (21.05.92); Council
47                                                                            Decision 93/626/EEC -



                                                                              Agenda 21, climate
                                                                              mitigation (to some extent
                                                                              adaptation) strategy, Tree
                                                                              Charter (published in 2000
                                                                              will be updated in 2011):                                                                                          planning, connecting features,
     Greater Lyon green                                                                                                                                                                                                             green urban areas, natural      human health/quality of
                                                 Urban planning, cross-       voluntary public and                                                                                               creating GI elements, research
     network - Develop                                                                                                                                               urban green elements and                                       and artificial connectivity    life/well-being, climate
                               Lyon, France      sectoral, built environment, private adherence to a     local/regional       urban      implementation started                                  and development, increased
     and increase the                                                                                                                                                areas                                                          features (tree rows, green     adaptation and mitigation,
                                                 health                       strategy, awareness                                                                                                public awareness/information,
     urban tree canopy                                                                                                                                                                                                              walls)                         water quality and supply
                                                                              raising, and commitments                                                                                           voluntary measures
                                                                              per sector.
                                                                              Planning tool: PLU – Local
                                                                              urban plan 2014




48
                                                                                                                                                                                                 identification/mapping/spatial
                                                                                                                                                                                                 planning, conservation,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 protecting and enhancing GI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   recreation, species protection
                                                                                                                                                                                                 components: Protection and                                                                                              increased connectivity and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (migratory birds), climate
     North-East Dublin                           Urban planning, transport,                                                                                                                      creation of a multifunctional area green urban area,                                                                    protection of habitats for
                               Dublin, Ireland                                not specified                  local/regional   urban      not specified               coastal area, bay                                                                             change adaptation and             not specified
     city - Dublin Bay                           water, nature protection                                                                                                                        (e.g. improvement of water         multifunctional area                                                                 biodiversity, recreation,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   mitigation (Flood attenuation),
                                                                                                                                                                                                 quality, management of                                                                                                  carbon storage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   sustainable management
                                                                                                                                                                                                 designated sites, improving
                                                                                                                                                                                                 connectivity between recreational
                                                                                                                                                                                                 zones)

49
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         carbon storage, sand and
                                                                                                                                                                     network of peatlands,       maintaining and optimising
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    sustainable use areas,         maintaining and optimising                            gravel from eskers,
                                                                                                                                                                     eskers, lakes, rivers and   ecosystem services:
                                                 agriculture, nature                                                                                                                                                                peatland restoration,          ecosystem services through                            safeguarding biodiversity,
     Offaly-Westmeath          Ireland                                        Water Framework Directive local/regional        rural      not specified               drainage ditches,           identification/mapping/spatial                                                                      not specified
                                                 protection                                                                                                                                                                         preserving natural             green infrastructure planning,                        regulating functions
                                                                                                                                                                     woodlands, semi-natural     planning, research analysis,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    connectivity features          sustainable management                                related to water, recreation
                                                                                                                                                                     wet and dry grasslands      restoration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         and heritage landscapes
50




                                                                           the Alpine Carpathian
                                                                           Project (ERDF), Austrian                                                                                        spatial planning,
                                                                           federal law (requiring                                                                                          research/analysis, creation of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    natural (stepping                                                                             increased connectivity for
                                             built environment, spatial    construction of one green                                                           Species (particularly large green infrastructure: Building                                              biodiversity conservation:      not specified (could be
     Alpine Carpathian                                                                                                             initiative started in 2002.                                                                      stones/corridor) and articial                                                                 species between the Alps
                         Austria, Slovakia   planning, transport, cross-   bridge per year over        Transnational    rural                                  mammals: e.g. brown bear, green bridges, creating recovery                                              Species migration across        further checked in other
     Corridor                                                                                                                      2009-2012 implementation                                                                         connectivity, resoration of                                        sources)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  and the Carpathians in
                                             sectoral                      existing highways as well                                                           red deer and lynx)          areas as stepping stones for                                                traffic network
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    habitat patches                                                                               Austria and Slovakia
                                                                           as over all major new                                                                                           migrating species across the
                                                                           roads), integartion in                                                                                          traffic network
                                                                           spatial planning




51
                                                                                                                                                                   wetlands and riverbanks,
                                                                                                                                                                  grassland, species (Black
                                                                                                                                                                  Stork (Ciconia nigra),
                                                                                                                                                                  Whinchat (Saxicola                                                                                                                                              increased connectivity on
                                                                                                                                                                                               conservation, restoration,           protected area, restoration        biodiversity conservation
                         Germany, former     nature protection,(tourism,                                                           initiative started in 1989 -   rubetra), River Otter (Lutra                                                                                                                                    a large territory and
     Green belt                                                            not specified               National         rural                                                                  increasing public and political      zones, preservation of             (green corridor throughout      not specified
                         German border       transport)                                                                            ongoing                        lutra), a species of                                                                                                                                            protection and restoration
                                                                                                                                                                                               awareness, research/analysis         natural connectivity               Germany)
                                                                                                                                                                  bushcricket (Polysarcus                                                                                                                                         of endangered habitats
                                                                                                                                                                  denticauda), and Tree Frog
                                                                                                                                                                  (Hyla arborea)) - appr. 50
                                                                                                                                                                  endangered habitat types

52




                                                                                                                                                                                               connecting habitats and                                                 Climate adaptation,
                                                                                                                                                                                               features; creating new GI                                               biodiversity conservation,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  flood and storm control,
                                                                                                                                                                                               components, planning e.g.                                               human well-being - creating
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  increased connectivity for
                                                                                                                                                                                               removal of a small industrial site   multifunctional zones;             multifunctional areas (Restore
                                                                                                                                                                rivers and creeks, North                                                                                                                                          species - wildlife migration
                                             built environment, regional                                                                                                                       of 12 hectares but a relocation      natural connectivity;              the connections between the
                                                                                                                                                                sea delta, floodplains,                                                                                                                                           and movement, human
                                             planning, water, nature       not specified (probably                                 ongoing projects and                                        agreement with the users of the      restored habitat patches,          Netherlands’ largest forest
     Ecological hubs     The Netherlands                                                               local/regional   combined                                forest, species (e.g. red                                                                                                             not specified               well-being and quality of
                                             protection, transport,        EHS)                                                    initiatives (since 20 years)                                industrial site was achieved,        green built areas, artifical       complex, the 100,000
                                                                                                                                                                deer, wild boar, badgers,                                                                                                                                         life (innovative housing
                                             tourism                                                                                                                                           adjustments to the roads and         connectivity fetaures (green       hectares Veluwe , Creation of
                                                                                                                                                                foxes and semi-wild cattle)                                                                                                                                       opportunities), increased
                                                                                                                                                                                               railway tracks that currently        bridges)                           corridors, adjustments to road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tourism attractiveness,
                                                                                                                                                                                               prevent wildlife such as red deer                                       and railway tracks, green
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  recreation
                                                                                                                                                                                               and wild boars from reaching the                                        bridges)
                                                                                                                                                                                               floodplains.




53                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     study contains
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       assessments fo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       costs of measures to
                                                                           (future Development of a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       establish connectivity
                                                                           National Policy Plan for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       across the transport
     Bulgaria de-                            transport, forestry, water,   Habitat De-fragmentation                                                                                                                                                                    biodiversity conservation                                  wildlife migartion and
                         Bulgaria                                                                      National         rural      study (2008)                                                research/analysis                    artificial connectivity features                                   network in Bulgaria:
     fragmentation                           regional planning             across Transport                                                                                                                                                                            (migration and movement)                                   movement
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       The construction
                                                                           Corridors in the Republic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       costs of all the de-
                                                                           of Bulgaria )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       fragmentation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       measures proposed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       in this plan are
54                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     estimated at 132
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       The costs of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       infrastructure and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Job creation, High quality
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       proceeds from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  office environment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       disposals were
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  through protection of
                                                                                                                                                                                                planning and design of the park                                                                        shared on a 50/50
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     restoration zones, green                                                                     natural features and
                                                                                                                                                                                               along natural features,                                                  human health/quality of        basis between the
     Crewe Business                          built environment (nature                                                             Implemented, Since ca.         meadows, trees and                                                urban areas, natural                                                                          community well-being
                         Cheshire, UK                                      not specified               local/regional   Combined                                                               connecting habitats and                                                 life/well-being (biodiversity   two authorities.
     Park, Cheshire                          protection)                                                                           20 years                       hedgerows, water course                                           connectivity features,                                                                        The business park has
                                                                                                                                                                                               features, restoration, creating                                         conservation)                   The capital input to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    multifunctional zones                                                                         generated over £4.5
                                                                                                                                                                                               new GI components                                                                                       include the land
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  million in capital receipts
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       element and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  and created over 2,800
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       infrastructure has
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  jobs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       amounted to around
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       £1.75million. Both
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       authorities pooled
55                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Funding: 1,000,000 £     multifunctional land use:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               in 2006 to develop       recreation and exercise,
                                                                                                                                                                                                              conservation, connecting                                                                                                  flood alleviation,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               the site                 biodiversity conservation
                                                                                                                                                                                                             habitats and features,             restoration zones, natural     human health/quality of         Additional funding
     Ingrebourne hill,                                  human well-being (nature                                                                   Development 2003-2008,    meadow and grassland,                                                                                                                                      especially through habitats and
                             London, UK                                            not specified                local/regional   Combined                                                                    restoration, creating new GI       connectivity features,        life/well-being, biodiversity    was mobilised for        increased connectivity,
     London                                             protection)                                                                                management ongoing        woodland, pond
                                                                                                                                                                                                             components, increasing public      multifunctional areas         conservation                     fixed term staff (e.g.   buffer around protected area,
                                                                                                                                                                                                             awareness                                                                                                                  education,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               rangers, landscape
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        improvement of living
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               architect)               environment (former landfill),
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Management and           increased social interaction and
56                                                                                 Natura 2000
                                                                                   (Recommendation
                                                                                   2002/413 EC -                                                                             Freshwater tidal
                                                                                   "Implementation of                                                                        landscape: Alluvial forests,    restoration, conservation,
     Tiengemeten,                                                                  Integrated Coastal Zone                                                                   Lowland hay meadows,            increasing public awareness,                                     water quality and supply,
     restoration of                                                                Management in Europe"                                                                                                                                      Protected areas, restoration                                                              securing biodiversity (rare
                             Haringvliet estuary, The                                                                                                                        Estuaries, Natural              connecting habitats and features                                 biodiversity conservation,    Budget: 6,378,552
     freshwater tidal area                              water, nature protection   Directive 79/409/EEC -       local/regional   rural             Nov 2003 - Dec 2007                                                                        zones, sustainable use                                                                    and endangered species),
                             Netherlands                                                                                                                                     eutrophic lakes, Rivers         (the whole area increases                                        human well-being, sustainable EUR
     in the Haringvliet                                                            "Conservation of wild                                                                                                                                      areas                                                                                     recreation and education
                                                                                                                                                                             with muddy banks,               connection between large natural                                 management
     estuary                                                                       birds" (02.04.79)                                                                         Hydrophilous tall herb          areas)
                                                                                   Directive 92/43/EEC -                                                                     fringe communities
                                                                                   "Conservation of natural
                                                                                   habitats and of wild fauna
                                                                                   and flora" (21.05.92)
57
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   improved nature and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   biodiversity conservation
                                                                                                                                                                                                              increasing public awareness
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (of river and natural park)
     Sustainable Donana:                                                                                                                                                                                     (increasing awareness of
                                                                                   Directive 79/409/EEC -                                                                                                                                                                                                                          through reduction in levels
     Design and                                                                                                                                                                                              farmers): e.g. spread of
                                                                                   "Conservation of wild                                                                                                                                                                      soil protection, water quality                       of suspended matter,
     Application of a                                                                                                                                                                                        sustainable soil management
                                                                                   birds" (02.04.79)                                                                                                                                                                          and supply (creating a buffer                        fertilisers and biocides in
     Sustainable Soil                                   agriculture (nature                                                                                                  arable land, forest, river in   techniques through a platform
                             Spain                                                 Directive 92/43/EEC -        local/regional   rural             Jul 2001 - Jun 2004                                                                          sustainable use areas         zone around the protected        Budget: 789,693 EUR runoff water - social
     Management Model                                   protection)                                                                                                          order to benefit wetlands       www.forodelolivar.com. ;
                                                                                   "Conservation of natural                                                                                                                                                                   area), sustainable                                   benefits in the form of
     for Orchard Crops in                                                                                                                                                                                    adoption of agronomic
                                                                                   habitats and of wild fauna                                                                                                                                                                 management                                           farmer participation to
     the Doñana National                                                                                                                                                                                     techniques involving sustainable
                                                                                   and flora" (21.05.92)                                                                                                                                                                                                                           territorial management -
     Park area                                                                                                                                                                                               management of soil and water
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   economic bemefits on
                                                                                                                                                                                                             resources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   some plots through
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   improved production

58

     Building green                                                                                                                                                                                          Migration corridors with suitable
     infrastructure for                                                                                                                                                                                      habitat patches for feeding andto
                                                                                    European Territorial
     Europe - Case Study                                Nature protection (tourism,                                                                                                                          act as stepping stones for                                                                                                 Improved habitat
                                                                                    Cooperation objective
     1 - Connecting          Austria, Slovakia          urban and regional                                   transnational       Rural             2009 - 2012               Alpine                          migrating animals. Construction artificial connectivity features Biodiversity conservation                                 connectivity, increased
                                                                                    of the European Regional
     Wildlife Between the                               planning, transport)                                                                                                                                 of green bridges to span                                                                                                   resiliance, increased ES
                                                                                    Development Fund (ERDF)
     Alps and the                                                                                                                                                                                            highways at key points /
     Carpathians                                                                                                                                                                                             bottlenecks.



59

     Building green
     infrastructure for
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Improving habitat connectivity,                                                                                            Improved habitat
     Europe - Case Study     Austria, Germany,                                                                                                                                                                                                  Artificial and natural        Biodiversity conservation,
                                                        Nature protection.                                      transnational    Rural             2007 - ongoing            Alpine                          awareness raising, capacity                                                                                                connectivity, increased
     2 - Making              France, Italy                                                                                                                                                                                                      connectivity features         sustainable management
                                                                                                                                                                                                             building.                                                                                                                  resiliance, increased ES
     Connections Within
     the ALPS



60


     Building green
     infrastructure for
                                                                                                                                                                           wild cat (Cork forests            Establishment of habitat
     Europe - Case Study                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Improved habitat
                                                                                                                                                   October 2006 - December (called 'Dehesa' or               corridors, awareness raising,
     3 - Giving Space to Portugal, Spain                Nature Protection          LIFE, Natura 2000            transnational    Rural                                                                                                       natural connectivity features Biodiversity conservation                                    connectivity, increase in
                                                                                                                                                   2009                    'Montada - ancient agri-          increasing numbers of Lynx prey
     the Worlds Most                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    biodiversity
                                                                                                                                                                           forestry system))                 (wild rabbits).
     Endangered Wild Cat
     Species



61
     Building green
     infrastructure for                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Improved habitat
     Europe - Case Study                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                connectivity,
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Establishment of forest habitat
     4 - A 20,000            Germany                    Nature Protection          LIFE                         National         Rural / peri-urban 2004 - ongoing           wild cat (Forest)                                                  natural connectivity features Biodiversity conservation                                 improvements to local and
                                                                                                                                                                                                             corridors, awareness raising
     kilometre safety net                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               regional biodiversity,
     for the wild German                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                increase in ES
     cat in Germany
62

                            Spanning countries in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Biodiversity conservation,
                            Europe along the old
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    climate change adaptation
                            'Iron Curtain'. Croatia,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and mitigation (flood
     Building green         Hungary, Germany,                                                                                                                                                                   Development of ecological
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Natural connectivity           management, carbon                Improved habitat
     infrastructure for     Finland, Norway, Czech                                                                                                                                Wetlands, fenlands,           network within and between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     features, protected areas,     retention), improved water        connectivity, increased
     Europe - Case Study    Republic, Austria,         Nature protection, water                                 Transnational, EU        Rural, peri-urban 2004 - ongoing         riverbanks, arable land,      European countries,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     restoration zones,             quality and supply (water         resiliance of biodiversity,
     5 - The Green Belt     Slovenia, Slovakia,                                                                                                                                   grassland, coastal.           collaborative agenda setting,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     sustainable use areas.         retentio and flood                increased ES
     Initiative             Romania, Serbia,                                                                                                                                                                    research, awareness raising.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    management), human health,,
                            Albania, Greece,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    quality of life and well-being,
                            Bulgaria, FYR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    sustainable management
                            Macedonia, Montenegro



63




     Building green
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Climate change adaptation
     infrastructure for                                                                                                                                                                                         Restoration (of developed land       Restoration zones, natural                                       Increased flood storage,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and mitigation (flood
     Europe - Case Study                                                                                                                                                                                        into meadow for flood storage        connectivity features,                                           improved habitat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    management), biodiversity
     6 - Multi-functional   Netherlands                Nature protection, water                                 National                 Rural            1990 - ongoing          Forest, grasslands            and habitat creation), creating      artifical connectivity                                           connectivity, increased
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    protection (creation of
     climate buffers and                                                                                                                                                                                        new GI components (green             features, multifunctional                                        biodiversity, increased
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    stepping stones as ecological
     'ecological hubs' in                                                                                                                                                                                       bridges, links between habitats)     zones                                                            provision of ES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    networks)
     the Netherlands




64


     Building green
     infrastructure for
                                                                                                                                                          01-MAR-2003 to 31-OCT                                 Conservation (protection of          Protected areas, restoration                                     Improved biodiversity and
     Europe - Case Study Greece                        Nature protection           Natura 2000                  local/regional           Rural                                    Eleonora's Falcon (Coastal)                                                                       Biodiversity conservation
                                                                                                                                                          -2007                                                 breeding sites)                      zones                                                            increased ES
     7 - Aegean Flyways
     for Eleonora's Falcon




65


     Towards a GI for                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Climate change adaption and       Increased provision of ES,
                                                       Nature protection, water,                                National (managed                                                                               Identifying / mapping / spatial
     Europe - The French                                                                                                                  rural, urban,                                                                                              natural connectivity           mitigation, biodiversity          improved habitat
                            France                     forestry, agriculture,      Grenelle process             locally within nationally                 2007 - ongoing          Multiple                      planning, connecting habitats
     Green and Blue                                                                                                                       combined                                                                                                   features, restoration zones    conservation, human health,       connectivity, increased
                                                       transport                                                consistent framework)                                                                           features,
     Infrastructure                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 quality of life and well-being    access to natural areas




66



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     protected areas, restoration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Improved connectivity
                                                                                   Long-term national spatial                                                                                                                                        zones, sustainable use
     Towards a GI for                                                                                                                                                                                           Identifying / mapping / spatial                                                                       between habitats,
                                                                                   strategy "Estonia - Vision                            rural, urban,                                                                                               areas, green urban areas,
     Europe - Estonia: the Estonia                     Nature protection                                        local/regional                            1970 / 1980s            Multiple                      planning, connecting habitats                                       Combination                       enhancing recreactional
                                                                                   2010" includes a "Green                               combined                                                                                                    natural connectivity
     Green Network                                                                                                                                                                                              features,                                                                                             green space for local
                                                                                   Network" chapter                                                                                                                                                  features, artificial
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      communities
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     connectivity features




67

                                                                                   Legal framework (Art. 3                                                                                                                                                                                                            Improved habitat
     Towards a GI for
                                                                                   Federal Nature                                                                                                                                                                                                                     connectivity, biodiversity
     Europe - Planning                                                                                                                                                                                          Identification / mapping / spatial                                  biodiversity conservation,
                                                                                   Conservation Act, Art.       National, regional,                                                                                                                  Protected areas,                                                 proection and
     and implementation  Germany                       Nature protection                                                                 Combined         2004 - ongoing          Multiple                      planning, research / analysis,                                      human health, quality of life
                                                                                   10 Habitats Directive).      local                                                                                                                                sustainable use areas,                                           enhancement, increased
     of ecological                                                                                                                                                                                              increasing public awareness                                         and well-being.
                                                                                   National strategies (e. g.                                                                                                                                                                                                         acess to recreational
     networks in Germany
                                                                                   National Strategy on                                                                                                                                                                                                               green space
                                                                                   Biodiversity CBD)
68

                                                                                  Natura 2000, Defra
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Securing and enhancing
                                                                                  Farmland Bird Public                                                                                                                                                              Climate change adaptation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ES across a floodplain,
                                                                                  Service Agreement, UK                                      2004 - 2011 (Phase 1;                                Identification, mapping, spatial   Protected areas, restoration   and mitigation, biodiversity
     Long Preston Flood      England (floodplain of   Nature protection (water,                                                                                        Arable land, river flood                                                                                                                                  improving public
                                                                                  BAP targets, Water       local/regional            Rural   2004 - 07, Phase 2; 2008-                            planning, conservation,            zones, sustainable use         conservation, human health,
     Plain, England          the River Ribble)        agriculture)                                                                                                     plain, grass land                                                                                                                                         enjoyment of land (by
                                                                                  Framework Directive,                                       11)                                                  restoration                        areas                          quality of life and well-being,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 improving access and
                                                                                  Ribble Catchment                                                                                                                                                                  sustainable management
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 quality)
                                                                                  Management Plan, SSSI


69




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Improved water qual;ity and                                Improved biodiversity and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    supply, biodiversity                                       increased ES, reduction
     Farming Floodplains                                                                                                                                                Wet grassland, rush       Restoration (of farmland back to   Restoration zones,
                             England, Staffordshire   Agriculture                 Making Space for Water   local/regional            Rural   2007 - 2010                                                                                                            conservation, human health,                         200000 of flood risk, restoration of
     for the Future                                                                                                                                                     pasture                   natural floodplain)                sustainable use areas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    quality of life and well-being,                            floodplain, improved
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    sustainable management                                     grants for farmer




70



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Improved connectivity
     The Vosges-             Vosges of Northern
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      €559,000 (EU               between habitats and
     Pfälzerwald Cross-      France, Palatinate                                                            local/regional,                                                                        Identification and mapping,                                       Human health, quality of life
                                                      Tourism                     INTERREG IIIA PAMINA                               Rural   1993 - 2007                Alpine, forest                                               Sustainable use areas                                            contribution of            recreation areas,
     Border Biosphere        Forest of Germany, the                                                        transnational                                                                          increasing public awareness                                       and well-being
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      €277,250)                  increased use and
     Reserve                 Piedmont in Italy.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 enjoyment of ES




71
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    human health/quality of
     Natural risk                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   life/well-being (reduction of     €900,000 (EU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Reduction in risk of
     prevention in the       Spain, la Garrotxa       Water, nature protection                             local/regional            Rural   Finished 2010              Forest                    Conservation, restoration          Sustainable use areas          natural risks - floods and        contribution of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 flooding and forest fires
     county of la Garrotxa                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          fires); sustainable               €450,000)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    management

72




     Natural resources                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Reduced erosion,
                             France, Bagnères de                                                                                                                                                  Conservation, creating public      Restoration zones,             Biodiversity conservation, soil   €47,580 EU
     come to mountain                                 Nature protection           ERDF                     local/regional            Rural                        2008 Alpine grassland                                                                                                                                          improved biodiversity and
                             Bigorre, Midi-Pyrénées                                                                                                                                               awareness                          sustainable use areas          protection                        contribution
     rescue                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ES




73




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Soil protection, biodiversity     €23,139,500 (total)        Reduced erosion,
     Preservation of         Languedoc-Roussillon,    Tourism, nature
                                                                                  ERDF                     local/regional            Rural   2007 - 2013                Coastal                   Conservation                       Restoration zones              conservation, human health,       €8,098,800 (EU             improved biodiversity and
     coastal gem             France                   protection, water
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    quality of life and well-being    ERDF contribution)         ES, increased tourism




74

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Improved quality and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 integrity of coastal dune
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Human health, quality of life
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 complexes, increased
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and well-being, biodiversity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      €2,470,000 EU              flood protection from
     Rebuilding nature for   Baltic Sea coastline,    Tourism, water, nature                               National (delivered                                                                    Restoration, increasing public     Restoration zones,             conservation, climate change
                                                                                  ERDF                                               Rural   2004 - 2006                Coastal (dune complex)                                                                                                        contribution (total not    storm surges, better
     today and tomorrow      Lithuania                protection                                           along Baltic coastline)                                                                awareness                          multifunctional zones          adaptation and mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      disclosed)                 information and signage,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (coastal protection),
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 improved access. Habitat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    sustainable management
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 restoration, biodiversity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and ES enhancement.
75




                            England, North West of   Urban and regional                                                                                                                                                                                    Human health, quality of life,                            Enhanced sense of well-
     Green Streets                                                                                        local/regional   Urban            2001 - 2006          Urban                       Creating new GI components        Green urban areas
                            England                  planning                                                                                                                                                                                              well-being                                                being for local residents




76


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  high profile local attraction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Natural connectivity        biodiversity conservation,                             that provides recreational
     Erewash Valley Trail                            Urban and regional                                                                                                                      Creating new GI components,
                            Nottingham, England                                                           local/regional   Urban            2009 - 2011          Freshwater, urban                                             features, multifunctional   human health, quality of life                   520000 opportunities.
     Project                                         planning                                                                                                                                increasing public awareness
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               zones                       and well-being.                                        Improvements to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  biodiversity.



77


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     health and well-being,
     Natural Development                                                                                                                                                                     Combination
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Combination (Human health                                 economic (increasing the
     Project, Natural                                Urban and regional                                                                                                                      (Identification/Mapping/Spatial
                            UK                                                                            National         urban, peri-urban 2009 - ongoing      Brown field development,                                      Green urban areas           and well-being, biodiversity                              attractiveness of the area
     England - Barking                               planning                                                                                                                                Planning, Research, creating
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           conservation)                                             to investors),
     Riverside                                                                                                                                                                               new GI elements)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     environmental




78
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     health and wellbeing (e.g.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Exercise, recreational);
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     social and human capital
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (e.g. Education,
     Cydcoed: Using trees                                                                                                                                                                    Combination (creating new GI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     community activities);
     and woodlands for                                                          Assembly Governments                                        Two phases (2001 -                               elements; public awareness;       restoration zones;          Human health, quality of life
                          UK (Wales)                 Forestry                                             national         peri-urban                            Woodland                                                                                                                   £16 million              Environmental (80 new
     community                                                                  Pathways to Prosperity                                      2004; 2003 - 2008)                               implementing sustainable          multifunctional zones       and well-being
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     woodlands, 240 new
     development in Wales                                                                                                                                                                    management plans)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     sustainble woodland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     managemnet plans);
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Economic (local economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     and employment)

79
     Enhancing urban
                                                                                Urban Green Space policy                                                                                                                                                   Human health, quality of life    £6.28 million (75%
     green space -                                   built environment; urban                                                                                    Urban green space (public                                     Green urban areas,                                                                 Human health and well-
                            UK                                                  statement; CABE Space;   National          Urban            2003-2005                                        restoration                                                   and well-being (recreational     from Heritage Lottery
     Sheffield Botanical                             and regional planning                                                                                       garden)                                                       multifunctional zones                                                              being
                                                                                Urban White Paper                                                                                                                                                          areas) - landscape restoration   Grant)
     Gardens


80




                                                                                Urban Green Space policy                                                                                     Combination                                                   Human health, quality of life    £1.5 million up front
     London Borough of                               built environment; urban                                                                                                                                                  Green urban areas,                                                                    Human health and well-
                            UK                                                  statement; CABE Space;   local/regional    Urban            2003-2013            Urban green space           (Identification/Mapping/Spatial                               and well-being (recreational     investment for first 3
     Lewisham                                        and regional planning                                                                                                                                                     multifunctional zones                                                                 being
                                                                                Urban White Paper                                                                                            Planning and Conservation)                                    areas)                           years, rest uknown
81
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Environmental
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    improvements stimulated
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    business growth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and investment; attracted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    new, high profile,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    occupants
     Riverside Park                                   Urban Green Space policy                                                                                                                                                                                                                      and saw occupancy grow
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Green urban areas,           Human health, quality of life
     Industrial Estate,     UK   Built environment    statement; CABE Space;   local/regional         Urban          2001 - 2007           Urban green space           Creating new GI components                                                                           £3 million              from
                                                                                                                                                                                                           multifunctional zones        and well-being
     Middlesbrough                                    Urban White Paper                                                                                                                                                                                                                             40% to 78%, and levered
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    over
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    £1 m of private investment;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    28 new businesses
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    started up.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Over 60 new FTEb jobs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    created.


82
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Economic benefits (e.g.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    55.5 new Forest-related
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    jobs were created and 12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    jobs safeguarded between
                                                                                                                                                                       Combination (conservation,                                                                                                   2003/4
     "The National Forest                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   £40 million (2006/7 -
                                                                                                                                                                       creation, connectivity of natural                                                                                            and 2009/10. In total there
     Creation", West        UK   Forestry             Forestry in the Countryside local/regional      Rural          ongoing (since1990)   Woodland                                                        multifunctional zones        human health/well-being             2010); £115 million
                                                                                                                                                                       features, restoration, research,                                                                                             have been 333.5 Forest-
     Midlands                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               up until 2006
                                                                                                                                                                       public awareness)                                                                                                            related jobs created /
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    safeguarded since
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1990/1). Environmental
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    improvements. Human
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    health and well-being

83


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    To raise awareness and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            EUR 6.2 million         better understand the
     CSI - Creating a                                 European Community                                                                                               Combination (research, public                                    Human health, quality of life       (including EUR 4.19     benefits to towns and
                            EU   Built environment                                Transnational, EU   urban          2003-2008             Urban green space                                               Green urban areas
     Setting for Investment                           Initiative INTERREG IIIB                                                                                         awareness)                                                       and well-being                      million from ERDF       cities of making
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Grant)                  investment locations more
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    attractive



84
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Economic (2.8 m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    gross GVA from tourism
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    spend, from direct jobs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            £7 million (£6.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (products from the land));
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            million on land-based
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Quality of space (value of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            interventions and
                                                                                                                                                                       Combination (creation of new GI     Sustainable Use Area;        Human health, quality of life                               net £940,000), recreation
     The Mersey Forest,                               EU Merseyside Objective                                                              Woodland, urban green                                                                                                            £0.6 million on
                            UK   Forestry                                         local/regional      Rural          2003-ongoing                                      elements, restoration, public       green urban areas,           and well-being, sustainable                                 and tourism (value of
     Merseyside                                       One Programme                                                                        space                                                                                                                            business
                                                                                                                                                                       awareness)                          multifunctional zones        management                                                  gross £4.1 million), Health
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            development activity,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and well-being (£122,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            spread across over
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    in exercise benefits in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            100 projects)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    gross terms);
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    environmental (carbon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    sequestration)

85




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Human health/well-being,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    social, environmenta,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    economic (e.g. direct
                                                                                                                                                                       Combination
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Sustainable Use Area;        Combination, mainly human                                   gross value added (GVA)
     Natural Economy             Urban and regional                                                   urban, peri-                         Habitats found in the North (Identification/Mapping/Spatial
                            UK                                                    local/regional                     2006-2009                                                                             green urban areas; natural   health, quality of life and well-   £3 million              from the environment
     North West (NENW)           planning                                                             urban, rural                         West                        Planning, restoration, public
                                                                                                                                                                                                           connectivity features etc    being                                                       calculated at £2.6bn,
                                                                                                                                                                       awareness, research)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    supporting 109,000 jobs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    in environmental and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    related fields.)
86
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Safeguarded habitats,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         improved waste
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  £38.9 million since    management, tourism,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1997,                  economic (Direct and
                                                                                                                                                                     Green urban areas, natural    Combination (Improved water
     Kennet and Avon                                                                                        Urban green space,                                                                                                    including a Heritage   indirect employment
                           UK   Built environment; water          local/regional   Urban   1997-2002                                    Restoration                  connectivity features,        quality and supply; human
     canal restoration                                                                                      habitats around waterways                                                                                             Lottery Fund           totalling 150-210 FTE
                                                                                                                                                                     sustainable use areas         health and well-being)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  donation of £25        jobs between 1997 and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  million                2002. The total number
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         created and safeguarded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1198-1353 FTE jobs)

87                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Tourism and recreation;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Training and skills
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         courses, community
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         benefits, rural
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         development, economic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (higher value timber,
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Combination (conservation,
     Sunart Oakwoods                                                                                                                    Combination (Conservation,                                                                                       creation of 8 FTE jobs,
                           UK   Forestry                   LIFE   local/regional   Rural   2004 - ongoing   Woodland                                                 Sustainable use areas         human health and well-being,   > £500,000
     Inititative                                                                                                                        Restoration)                                                                                                     total of 9.6 direct, indirect
                                                                                                                                                                                                   sustainbale management
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         and induced jobs),
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         environmental (216 ha of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ancient woodland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         safeguarded, additinal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         510 ha sustainably
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         managed)
88                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Environmental (creation of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         300ha of wetlands,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         innovative approaches to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         manageing floodland, new
                                                                                                                                                                     Sustainable use area,                                                               wildlife habitats),
     Dearne Valley Green                                                                                    Wetlands, open water,       Combination (Restoration,                                  Combination (conservation;
                           UK   Water                             local/regional   Rural   2001-2006                                                                 natural connectivity                                         £4 million             economic (creation of 11
     Heart Project                                                                                          grazing marsh, reedbed      Creation)                                                  human health and well-being)
                                                                                                                                                                     features, restoration zones                                                         new FTE in 2 years, from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         6 in 2002), social (visitor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         numbers increased from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         12,000 to 50,000 per
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         annum)
89                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Habitat improvements,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         population increase (e.g.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Increase of >2,000 adult
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         salmon and trout each
                                                                                                                                                                     Sustainable use area,         biodiversity onservation;                             year), return on
     Fishing Wales         UK   Fishery                           local/regional   Rural   2003 - ongoing   River habitats              Restoration                  natural connectivity          human health and well-being,   £5 million             investment of 20:1, £10
                                                                                                                                                                     features, restoration zones   sustainable management                                million of increased
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         income, employment (min.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         75 additional FTE jobs),
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tourism (additional £2.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         million per year)
90
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Stimulated the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         development of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         new residential properties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (net
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         impact 500-750 new
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         residential properties),
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         enhanced average
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         house prices and the total
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         value
                                                                                                                                                                     Green urban areas,                                                                  of property transactions
     Glasgow Green         UK   Built environment                 local/regional   Urban   1999-2006        Urban green space           Restoration                  multifunctional zones,        Human health and well-being    £15.5 million          (net
                                                                                                                                                                     restoration zones                                                                   £3 m–£4.5 m), a 47%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         increase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         in council tax yield
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (additional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         £0.8 m–£2 m). The value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         land increased from a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         nominal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         £100,000 per hectare to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         £300,000.
91
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Environmental, human
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         health and well being,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         economic (signiificant
                                                                                                                                                                     Green urban areas,                                                                  investment in new
                                                                                                                                        Combination (Restoration,
     Mesnes Park           UK   Built environment                 local/regional   Urban   1996 - 1999      Urban green space                                        multifunctional zones,        Human health and well-being    £1 million             housing alongside the
                                                                                                                                        creation)
                                                                                                                                                                     restoration zones                                                                   park), social (number of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         local people using the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         park incresaed from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         15,000 to 180,000)
92


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Human health and well-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        being, economic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Green urban areas,
     Queen square, Bristol UK        Built environment                                  local/regional   Urban               1999 - 2005           Urban green space            Restoration                                                      Human health and well-being     £5.4 million           (properties facing square
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  restoration zones
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        command a 16%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        premium)



93




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Social, economic (boosted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Green urban areas,                                                                    local business, 7% uplift
     Mile End Park,
                           UK        Built environment                                  local/regional   Urban               1998 - 2002           Urban green space            Restoration                       restoration zones,             Human health and well-being     £25 million            in value for residential
     London
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  multifunctional zones                                                                 properties), human health
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and well being




94                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Human health and well-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        being, social,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        environmental:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        encouraged community
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Combination (Human health
     South Yorkshire                 urban and regional                                                                                            Woodlands, grasslands,                                                                                                                               engagement,
                           UK                                                           local/regional   Rural               2001 - 2005                                        Restoration                       Sustainable use area           and well-being; conservation,   £56 million
     Coalfields                      planning                                                                                                      water habitats                                                                                                                                       conservation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 sustainable management)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        management, social
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        enterprise and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        commercial timber
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        production
95

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Human health and well-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Sustainble use areas, green Combination (Human health
                                     Urban and regional                                                                                                                         Combination (Restoration,                                                                                               being, environmental,
     Newlands Project      UK                                                           local/regional   peri-urban          2003 - ongoing        Woodlands                                                      urban areas, restoration    and well-being; conservation;      £59 million
                                     planning                                                                                                                                   Creation)                                                                                                               economic (stimulating the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  zones                       climate change adaptation)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        local economy), social


96

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 6.3 million DM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (investment); 2.5
                                     Built environment (energy,                                                                                                                                                                                                                  million DM             Environmental, economic
     Block 103             Germany                                                      local/regional   Urban               1987 - 1991           Urban green space            Creation of new GI elements       Green urban areas              human health/well-being
                                     health)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (research); 0.6        (cost savings)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 million DM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (installation)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Offers a powerful tool for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        planners, greenspace
   Glasgow Clyde                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        managers and others to
                                                                  Scotland's National                                                              Urban green space, natural
   Valley - Integegrated             urban and regional                                                                                                                       Identification/Mapping/Spatial      Natural connectivity           Biodiversity conservation,                             help make decisions
97                         UK                                     Planning Framework    local/regional   Urban, peri-urban 2007 - ongoing          and artifical connectivity
   Habitat Network                   planning                                                                                                                                 Planning                            features                       sustainable management                                 which will counter the
                                                                  (NPF2)                                                                           features
   Modelling                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            effects of habitat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        fragmentation; increasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        species movement



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 £11.3 million direct
     Walking the way to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Natural connectivity                                           investment over three Human health and well-
     health initiative               urban and regional                                                                                                                                                                                          human health and well-being,
98                         UK                                                           National         peri-urban, rural   2000 - ongoing        natural connectivity features Restoration                      features, multifunctional                                      years since 2009.       being through increased
     (ENG); Paths to                 planning                                                                                                                                                                                                    sustainable management
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  zones                                                          (Paths for All annual levels of physical activity
     Health (Scot)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 budget of £1.5 million)




   Living space in the                                                                                                                                                          connecting habitats and           protected areas, restoration
                                     nature protection (water,                                                               1 Jan 2009 - 31 Dec                                                                                                 water quality and supply,       Budget: 12,841,632
99 estuary stretch of the Austria                                 Natura 2000           local/regional   rural                                     river, alluvial forest       features, restoration, creating   zones, natural connectivity
                                     fishery, forestry)                                                                      2014; ongoing                                                                                                       biodiversity conservation       EUR
   river Traisen                                                                                                                                                                new GI components                 fewatures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 water quality and supply,
                                                                                     Natura 2000, Regulation                                                                                                                                     protected areas, restoration
      Combining of the                                                                                                                                                                                        conservation, connecting                                           biodiversity conservation, soil
                                                                                     2078/92/EEC; Regulation                                                                                                                                     zones, sustainable use
      flood plain-forests of                           nature protection (water,                                                                                               grassland, alpine river,       habitats and features,                                             protection, human                 Budget:                improved ES, recreational
100                            Austria                                               1257/1999 EC; Directive     local/regional          rural      1 Feb 1999 - 31 Dec 2003                                                                     areas, natural connectivity
      the Upper Drau-river                             forestry)                                                                                                               arable land, alluvial forest   restoration, increasing public                                     health/quality of life/well-      1,634,156.67 EUR       benefits, flood prevention
                                                                                     92/43/EEC; Directive                                                                                                                                        features, multifunctional
      valley (Kärnten)                                                                                                                                                                                        awareness                                                          being, sustainable
                                                                                     2000/60/EC                                                                                                                                                  zones
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 management



                                                                                     Natura 2000 (Directive
                                                                                     79/409/EEC; Directive                                                                                                                                       protected areas, restoration    biodiversity conservation,
      Natural Forests and                                                                                                                                                      meadows, bogs, fens,           conservation, connecting
                                                                                     92/43/EEC; Council                                                                                                                                          zones, sustainable use          human health, quality of life
      mires in the "Green                              nature protection (water,                                 local/regional (13                                            mires, swamp woods,            habitats and features,                                                                               Budget: 1,174,348      increased tourism
101                            Finland                                               Decision 93/626/EEC;                                rural      1 Jan 2004 - 31 May 2008                                                                     areas, natural connectivity     and well-being, water quality
      Belt" of Koillismaa                              tourism, forestry)                                        Natura 2000 sites)                                            forests, lakes and ponds,      restoration, increasing public                                                                       UER                    revenue, improved ES
                                                                                     COM(95) 189; COM (98)                                                                                                                                       features, multifunctional       and supply, sustainable
      and Kainuu                                                                                                                                                               grasslands                     awareness
                                                                                     42 final; COM (2001)162                                                                                                                                     zones                           management
                                                                                     final )




                                                                                     Natura 2000 (Directive                                                                                                                                                                      water quality and supply,
                                                                                     79/409/EEC , Directive                                                                                                                                                                      biodiversity conservation, soil
                                                                                                                                                                               fens, forests, meadows,                                           restoration zones,
      Swabian Danube                                   nature protection (tourism,   92/43/EEC , Council         local/regional (3 SPAs                                                                       conservation, restoration,                                         protection, human                 Budget: 2,037,040      increased tourism
102                            Germany                                                                                                  rural       1 Oct 2006 - 31 Jul 2011   eutrophic lakes, peaty                                            multifunctional zones,
      valley                                           water, agriculture)           Decision 93/626/EEC ,       and 6 pSCIs)                                                                                 increasing public awareness                                        health/quality of life/well-      EUR                    revenue, improved ES
                                                                                                                                                                               soils, river                                                      sustainable use areas
                                                                                     COM (98) 42 final , COM                                                                                                                                                                     being, sustainable
                                                                                     (2001)162 final)                                                                                                                                                                            management




                                                                                                                                                                                                              identification/mapping/spatial
      Re-establishment of                                                                                                                                                                                     planning, connecting features,
                                                       nature protection (built
      the Lesser Kestrel                                                                                                                            1 Feb 2002 - 30 Sept       lesser Kestrel (Falco          creating GI elements, research     protected areas, green
103                            Portugal                environment, urban            Natura 2000                 local/regional (3 SPAs) combined                                                                                                                                biodiversity conservation         Budget: 832,379 EUR
      (Falco naumanni) in                                                                                                                           2006                       naumanni)                      and development, increased         urban areas
                                                       planning)
      Portugal                                                                                                                                                                                                public awareness/information,
                                                                                                                                                                                                              voluntary measures




    Ecosystemic                                                                                                                                                              European mink (alba              conservation, connecting           protected areas, restoration
                                                                                     Natura 2000 (Directive      local/regional                                                                                                                                                                                    Budget: 1,691,681
104 management of rivers Spain                         nature protection (water)                                                         rural      7 Jan 2005 - 31 Dec 2007 galleries, eutrophic lakes,      habitats and features,             zones, natural connectivity     biodiversity conservation
                                                                                     92/43/EEC)                  (proposed SCI)                                                                                                                                                                                    EUR
    with European mink                                                                                                                                                       grasslands, river)               restoration, research/analysis     features




    A demonstration
    model which
    integrates                                                                                                                                                                                                identification/mapping/spatial
    environmental                                                                                                                                                                                             planning, conservation,            protected areas, sustainable
                                                       urban and regional          Directive 92/43/EEC ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                              connecting habitats and            use areas, multifunctional
105 considerations in     (north west) UK              planning, nature protection COM (98) 42 final , COM       national                combined   1 Sept 1999 - 1 Sept 2003 not specified                                                                                   biodiversity conservation            Budget: 4,836,611.67
    sustainable land use                                                                                                                                                                                      features, creating new GI          zones, natural connectivity
                                                       (transport)                 (2001)162 final
    planning and                                                                                                                                                                                              components, research/analysis,     features, green urban areas
    management through                                                                                                                                                                                        increasing public awareness
    the use of ecological
    networksimportance


                                                                                                                                                                                                              identification/mapping/spatial
                                                                                                                                                                                                              planning, conservation,            green urban areas,              biodiversity conservation,
                                                                                                                 national (with
    Sustainable Urban                                                                                                                                                                                         connecting habitats and            multifunctional zones,          water quality and supply,
                                                       urban and regional                                        individual projects                1 Sept 2003 - 30 Aug                                                                                                                                           Budget: 1,824,191
106 Planning Networks          Lazio (south east) UK                                 not specified                                       combined                              multiple (varies by project)   features, restoration, creating    restoration zones,              human health/well-
                                                       planning                                                  carried out on a                   2006                                                                                                                                                           EUR
    for green spaces                                                                                                                                                                                          new GI components,                 sustainable use areas,          being/quality of life,
                                                                                                                 local/regional level)
                                                                                                                                                                                                              research/analysis, increasing      natural connectivity features   sustainable management
                                                                                                                                                                                                              public awareness




                                                                                     Bavarian Programme for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 protected areas, restoration
                                                                                     Protection of Species and                                                                                                                                                                                                                            improvement of
                                                       urban and regional                                                                                                                                                                        zones, natural connectivity
      Bavarian Network for                                                           Biotopes, Bavarian                                                                                                       conservation, connecting                                                                                                    connectivity between
107                            Bavaria, Germany        planning, nature                                          local/regional          combined   1998 - ongoing             multiple (varies by project)                                      features, artificial            biodiversity conservation
      Nature                                                                         Concept for Ecological                                                                                                   habitats and features, restoration                                                                                          habitats, conservation of
                                                       conservation                                                                                                                                                                              connectivity features,
                                                                                     Networks, Strategy for                                                                                                                                                                                                                               species/habitats
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 multifunctional zones
                                                                                     CBD in Bavaria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      restoration zones,
                                                                                                                                                                                 connecting habitats and                                                                             Human health and well-
                                                                             SAUL Sustainable                                                                                                                         sustainable use areas,
      Regional Park          Rhine/Main-region,        urban and regional                                                                             urban green space,         features, restoration, creating                                      human health and well-being,   being, environmental,
108                                                                          Accessable Urban            local/regional   combined   1994 - ongoing                                                                   green urban areas, artificial
      RheinMain              Germany                   planning                                                                                       grassland, forest, meadows new GI components, increasing                                        sustainable management         economic (stimulating the
                                                                             Landscapes                                                                                                                               connectivity features,
                                                                                                                                                                                 public awareness                                                                                    local economy), social
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      multifunctional zones




                                                                                                                                                                                  identification/mapping/spatial
    LIFE Habitat
                                                                             Natura 2000, Bern                                                                                    planning, conservation,             protected areas, natural
109 networks - networks      Austria                   nature protection                                 national         rural      2010 - ongoing   Wildcat (woodland)                                                                              biodiversity conservation
                                                                             Convention                                                                                           research/analysis, increasing       connectivity features
    for life
                                                                                                                                                                                  public awareness




                                                                                                                                                                                                                      protected areas, restoration
                                                                                                                                                                                  identification/mapping/spatial
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      zones, sustainable use                                         Human health and well-
                                                                                                                                                                                  planning, conservation,
    Regional Parks in                                                        regional development plan                                                                                                                areas, green urban areas,                                      being, environmental,
                             Brandenburg / Berlin,     urban and regional                                                                                                         connecting habitats and                                             human health and well-being,
110 Brandenburg and                                                          (Landesentwicklungsplan     local/regional   combined   1998 - ongoing   multiple                                                        natural connectivity                                           economic (stimulating the
                             Germany                   planning                                                                                                                   features, creating new GI                                           sustainable management
    Berlin                                                                   LEP)                                                                                                                                     features, artificial                                           local economy, job
                                                                                                                                                                                  components, increasing public
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      connectivity features;                                         creation), social
                                                                                                                                                                                  awareness
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      multifunctional zones




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     improved local economy,
      Industrial Garden                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              job creation, cultural
                                                                                                                                                                                  identification/mapping/spatial      restoration zones, green
      Realm                   Dessau/Anhalt-Bitterfeld- urban and regional                                                                            river, arable land, urban                                                                                                      ecosystem services:
111                                                                                                      local/regional   combined   1989 - 1999                                  planning, restoration, increasing   urban areas, multifunctional    human health and wellbeing
      Dessau/Anhalt -         Wittenberg, Germany       planning                                                                                      green                                                                                                                          increased tourism offers,
                                                                                                                                                                                  public awareness                    zones
      Bitterfeld - Wittenberg                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        improved offers for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     recreation/culture
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cultural ecosystem
                            North Western Europe                                                                                                                                                                                        restoration zones,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           services, regulative
    SAUL Sustainable        (subrojects in London                                                                                                                                                                                       sustainable use areas,
                                                                                                                                                                                                    identification/mapping/spatial                                    climate change adaptation                            ecosystem services,
    and Accessable          UK, Amsterdam                                                                                                                                                                                               green urban areas, natural
                                                     urban and regional                                        EU (subprojects:                                                                     planning, creating new GI                                         and mitigation, human health                         improved of economic
112 Urban Landscapes &      Netherlands, Luxemburg                                                                                combined   2003 - 2008                multiple                                                        connectivity features,                                          €23.4 M
                                                     planning                                                  local/regional)                                                                      components, increasing public                                     and quality of well being,                           vitality of city regions,
    SAUL PLUS & SAUL        Luxemburg,                                                                                                                                                                                                  artificial connectivity
                                                                                                                                                                                                    awareness                                                         sustainable management                               incorporation of local
    PLUS EXT                Saarland/Frankfurt/Rhein                                                                                                                                                                                    features; multifunctional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           resident's interests in
                            -Ruhr Germany)                                                                                                                                                                                              zones
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           regional planning




                                                                                                                                                                                                    identification/mapping/spatial
                                                                                                                                                                                                    planning, conservation,
      Nature Frame Action                                                            Law on Protected Areas;                                                                                                                            protected areas, natural      biodiversity conservation, soil
113                         Lithuania                   nature protection                                      national           rural      2007 - ongoing             multiple                    connecting habitats and                                                                             1,5 m litas        improved ES
      Plan                                                                           Spatial Planning                                                                                                                                   connectivity features         protection
                                                                                                                                                                                                    features, research/analysis,
                                                                                                                                                                                                    increasing public awareness




                            Europe (subprojects in
      Pan Parks             Georgia, Sweden,                                                                                                                                                                                                                          biodiversity conservation,
114                                                     nature protection, tourism                             transnational      rural      1997 - ongoing             forest, wetland, coast      conservation                        protected areas                                                                    improvement in tourism
      Wilderness            Bulgaria, Italy, Finland,                                                                                                                                                                                                                 sustainable management
                            Portugal




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The removal of 25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           obstacles resulted in 150
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           km of salmon habitat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      protected areas, restoration                                                         being opened up, allowing
    Conservation of                                                                                                                                                                                 conservation, connecting                                          water quality and supply,
                                                        Nature protection (water,                                                                                                                                                     zones, sustainable use                                            Budget:            salmon access to parts of
115 Atlantic Salmon in      UK (Scotland)                                            Directive 92/43/EEC       national           rural      1 Feb 2004 - 31 July 2008 atlantic salmon (river)      habitats and features, increasing                                 biodiversity conservation,
                                                        fishery)                                                                                                                                                                      areas, natural connectivity                                       4,695,816.00 €     8 river systems that had
    Scotland                                                                                                                                                                                        public awareness                                                  sustainable management
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      features                                                                             been inaccessible for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           many years. Preliminary
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           results of the monitoring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           show that salmon are


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     human health/quality of
      Protection of                                                                                                                                                                                 conservation, connecting            protected areas, sustainable
                            Slovenia (and Croatia,                                                                                                                                                                                                                   life/well-being, sustainable                          improved ES, local
      Biodiversity of the                               nature protection (tourism, Birds and Habitats                                                                                              habitats and features, increasing   use areas, natural
116                         Serbia, Bosnia-                                                                    transnational      rural      Jan 2007 - June 2008       river basin floodplains                                                                      management, water quality          Budget: €863.940   economic growth
      Sava River Basin                                  water, agriculture, forestry) Directive, Natura 2000                                                                                        public awareness,                   connectivity features,
                            Herzegovina)                                                                                                                                                                                                                             and supply, biodiversity                              (increased tourism)
      Floodplains                                                                                                                                                                                   identification/mapping              multifunctional zones
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     conservatoin




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           improved ES,
    Väinameri project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      human health/quality of                              development of smal-
    (linking sustainable                                                                                                                                                                                                                restoration zones,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      life/well-being, sustainable                         scale economies,
    agriculture and                                     agriculture, nature                                                                                                                         conservation, increasing public     sustainable use areas,
117                         Väinameri, Estonia                                                                 local/regional     rural      1997 - 2004                coast, grassland, wetland                                                                     management, climate change        6.2 million SEK    increase in tourism
    coastal nature to                                   protection, tourism                                                                                                                         awareness, restoration              multifunctional zones,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      adaptation and mitigation,                           revenue, support of
    improve local                                                                                                                                                                                                                       protected areas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      biodiversity conservation                            families with multiple
    economies)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           livelihoods
                                                                                                                                                                         Active raised bogs;
                                                                                                                                                                         Calcareous fens with
                                                                                                                                                                         Cladium mariscus and
                                                                                                                                                                         species of the Caricion
                                                                                                                                                                         davallianae; Coastal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      biodiversity conservation,
      Lake Pape                                                                                                                                                          lagoons; Boreal Baltic         identificaiton/mapping/spatial
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         protected areas, sustainable sustainable management,                Total: 911,744.00 € ;
      (conservation,                               agriculture, water, nature                                                                  October 2003 - October    coastal meadows; Fixed         planning, conservation,
118                           Lake Pape, Latvia                                  Natura 2000                  local/regional           rural                                                                                             use areas, multifunctional   water quality and supply,              EU contribution:
      preservation and                             protection, tourism                                                                         2007                      coastal dunes with             restoration, increasing public
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         zones                        climate change adaptation              683,808.00 €
      evolution)                                                                                                                                                         herbaceous vegetation          awareness
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      and mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                         ("grey dunes"); Hard oligo-
                                                                                                                                                                         mesotrophic waters with
                                                                                                                                                                         benthic vegetation of
                                                                                                                                                                         Chara spp




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     23% of Basel’s flat roof
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     area is now green
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (estimated in 2007 as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     700,000m2); protection of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     endangered invertebrate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     species; 4 giga watt-hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     savings per year across
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Basel (1st incentive
                                                                                                                                                                                                        connecting habitats and                                          climate change adaptation
                                                   energy, built environment,                                                                  1996-1997; building                                                                                                                                                                   program) and 3.1/year
      Green Roof Building                                                                                                                                                                               features, creating new GI        natural connectivity            and mitigation; biodiversity
119                           Basel, Switzerland   health, urban and regional                                 local/regional           urban   regulations implemented   urban landscapes                                                                                                                                            (2nd program); profiting of
      Regulations                                                                                                                                                                                       components, increasing public    features, green urban areas     conservation, human
                                                   planning                                                                                    in 2002; 2005-2006                                                                                                                                                                    local businesses from
                                                                                                                                                                                                        awareness                                                        health/quality of life/well-being
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     sales of materials and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     supplies relating to the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     intallation of green roofs;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     energy savings for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     business owners;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     recognition of Basel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     worldwide for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     achievements

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       * Improvements in the
                                                                                 Natura 2000 # Directive                                                               species: Botaurus stellaris;                                                                                                                                  hydrological conditions of
                                                                                 79/409/EEC -                                                                          Calidris alpina schinzii;                                                                                                                                     the targeted habitats for
                                                                                 "Conservation of wild                                                                 Chlidonias niger;                                                                                                                                             the meadow birds were
    REMAB -                                                                                                                                                                                                                              protected areas, restoration    water quality and supply,                                   achieved at all four sites
                                                   nature protection             birds" (02.04.79)                                             01-JAN-2006 to 31-DEC - Philomachus pugnax;          conservation, restoration,
120 Restoration of       Denmark                                                                              national (local sites)   rural                                                                                             zones, sustainable use          biodiversity conservation,          1,428,932.00 €          covering a total area of
                                                   (agriculture, water)          # Directive 92/43/EEC -                                       2009                    Porzana porzana (atlantic    increasing public awareness
    Meadow Bird Habitats                                                                                                                                                                                                                 areas                           sustainable management                                      approximately 1 900 ha
                                                                                 "Conservation of natural                                                              salt meadows, hard oligo-
                                                                                 habitats and of wild fauna                                                            mesotrophic water with                                                                                                                                        meadows;
                                                                                 and flora" (21.05.92)                                                                 benthic vegetation)                                                                                                                                             * Actions focusing on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     the clearance of trees and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     reeds have resulted in the


                                                                                                                                                                       Coregonus oxyrhynchus
    Houting - Urgent                                                                                                                                                   (Natural eutrophic lakes;
                                                                                                                                                                                                        conservation, connecting
    actions for the                                                                                                                                                    water courses of plain to                                         restoration zones, protected
                                                                                                                                               01-FEB-2005 to 31-DEC -                                  habitats and features,
121 endangered Houting        Denmark              nature protection (fishery)   Natura 2000                  local/regional           rural                           montane levels with the                                           areas, natural and artificial   biodiversity conservation           13,385,913.00 €
                                                                                                                                               2011; ongoing                                            restoration, creating public
    "Coregonus                                                                                                                                                         Ranunculion fluitantis and                                        connectivity features
                                                                                                                                                                                                        awareness
    oxyrhunchus"                                                                                                                                                       Callitricho-Batrachion
                                                                                                                                                                       vegetation)


                                                                                 Natura 2000 (# Directive                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The main project
                                                                                 79/409/EEC -                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        objectives with regard to
                                                                                 "Conservation of wild                                                                                                                                                                                                                               the restoration of wetland
                                                                                 birds" (02.04.79)                                                                       migrating bird/fish species;   conservation, connecting         protected areas, restoration                                                                habitats have been
      Skjern River -
                                                   nature protection (water,     # Directive 92/43/EEC -                                                                 wetland habitats               habitats and features,           zones, sustainable use          water quality and supply,                                   reached and the expected
      Restoration of                                                                                                                            01-JAN-2001 to 31-DEC
122                           Denmark              fishery, agriculture,         "Conservation of natural     local/regional           rural                             (meadows, reed-swamps,         restoration, creating new GI     areas, natural connectivity     biodiversity conservation,          7,357,210.00 €          nature conservation
      habitats and wildlife                                                                                                                    -2004
                                                   tourism)                      habitats and of wild fauna                                                              meandering watercourses,       components, increasing public    features, multifunctional       sustainable management                                      benefits have been met.
      of the Skjern River
                                                                                 and flora" (21.05.92)                                                                   fens and shallow lakes)        awareness                        zones                                                                                       The construction of more
                                                                                 # Council Decision                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  than 20 km of new
                                                                                 93/626/EEC -"Conclusion                                                                                                                                                                                                                             riverbeds in the eastern
                                                                                 of the Convention on                                                                                                                                                                                                                                part of the project site has
    Regain - Regional                                                                                                                                                 river mussel (Unio           conservation, connecting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       protected areas, restoration
    Actions to Improve                                                                                                                                                crassus); spined loach       habitats and features,
                                                  nature protection;            Water Framework                                             01-APR-2004 to 30-SEP                                                                      zones, sustainable use         biodiversity conservation,
123 Nature in River          Fyns amt, Denmark                                                            local/regional        rural                                 (Cobitis taenia); brook      restoration, creating new GI                                                                         3,852,367.00 €
                                                  agriculture, water, fishery   Directive; Natura 2000                                     -2010                                                                                       areas, natural connectivity    sustainable management
    Odense and Odense                                                                                                                                                 lamprey (Lampetra planeri)   components, increasing public
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       features
    Fjord                                                                                                                                                             (RIVER)                      awareness




                                                                                                                                                                                                   conservation, connecting
      Establishment of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2.1 million € for       job creation, support in
                                                                                                                                                                                                   habitats and features, increasing restoration zones, naturl
      sand habitats along                         nature protection, regional                                                                                                                                                                                         biodiversity conservation, soil   project phase 2000-     marketing of regional
124                          Franconia, Germany                                                           local/regional        combined   implemented                dry acidic grassland         public awareness,                 connectivity features,
      Rednitz, Pegnitz and                        planning                                                                                                                                                                                                            protection                        2005; 146,000€ in       products, increased public
                                                                                                                                                                                                   identification/mapping spatial    artificial connectivity features
      Regnitz rivers                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    year 2006               awareness
                                                                                                                                                                                                   planning




                                                                                                                                                                                                   conservation, restoration,
      DWEJRA - Setting                                                          Maltese Coastal Zone
                                                  coastal; tourism; nature                                                                                                                         increasing public awareness,                                                                         total: 302,329.00 € ;
      up the first coastal                                                      Management Subject Plan                                                                                                                                protected areas, restoration biodiversity conservation,
125                          Malta                protection; fishery (built                              local/regional        rural      1 Apr 2004 - 31 Mar 2007 coastal area                   creating new GI components,                                                                          EU contribution:        cultural heritage protection
      nature reserve in                                                         and Structure Plan for                                                                                                                                 zones, multifunctional zones sustainable management
                                                  environment)                                                                                                                                     identification/mapping/spatial                                                                       213,030.00 €
      Malta                                                                     Malta and Gozo
                                                                                                                                                                                                   planning




      Conservation                                                                                                                                                    alluvial forests, coastal    conservation, increasing public
                                                  nature protection (tourism,                                                                                                                                                          protected areas,               water quality and supply,         Total: 2,551, 277 €;
      Management in                                                                                       national (implemented                                       lagoons, salt meadows,       awareness,
126                          Cyprus               water, fisheries, forestry,   Natura 2000                                     rural      1 Nov 2004 - 31 Oct 2008                                                                    multifunctional zones,         biodiversity conservation,        EU Contribution:        capacity building
      Natura 2000 Sites of                                                                                on local level)                                             mediterranean temporary      identification/mapping/spatial
                                                  agriculture)                                                                                                                                                                         sustainable use areas          sustainable management            1,530,766 €
      Cyprus                                                                                                                                                          ponds                        planning




    Reconstruction of an                          built environment;                                                                                                                                                                green urban areas; natural
                                                                                                                                                                                                   creating new GI components;                                        human health/quality of
127 urban motorway into      Luxembourg           transport; urban and                                    local/regional        urban      1993-2012                  urban                                                         connectivity features;                                              unknown
                                                                                                                                                                                                   connecting habitats and features                                   life/well-being
    an urban boulevard                            regional planning                                                                                                                                                                 multifunctional zones
      Stakeholders involved                       Beneficiaries               Funding source                          Further notes                                            Project description                                    References/Contacts/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Website




                                                                          (e.g. LIFE+, Cohesion, ERDF,
                                                                       TransNet, CAP, FP7; public funding
Planning, management, creation, etc. actors                                                                  Data availability and knowledge gaps    Narrative description about what the project is about and what it has achieved
                                                                          from national, regional or local
                                                                            government funds, private)




Minsitry of Transport; Public                                                                                                                       One of three major communication campaigns related to raising
Works and Water Management;                                                                                                                         awareness of the risk of flooding in the Netherlands. The
Association of the Provinces of the                                                                                                                 campaign uses a combination of radio and TV commercials,
Netherlands; Association of Dutch                                                                                                                   newsletters, advertising and information booklets, informative
Water Boards; Association of                                                                                                                        events and a website. Main message: climate is changing and
                                      Dutch population
Netherlands Municipalities; Ministry                                                                                                                this has implications for water management. Outlines definition                   Kazmierczak and Carter
                                      (coastal and river               central government
of Public health, Spatial Planning                                                                                                                  of 'storing water' and positive efforts of national government,                   (2010)
                                      flood prevention)
and Environment; Ministry of                                                                                                                        provincial authroiteis and water boards. Has increased public
Agriculture, Nature and Food                                                                                                                        awareness and support of 'giving more room to water', but needs
Quality; general public                                                                                                                             to focus more on value of natural solutions as 75% of
(homeowners, business people,                                                                                                                       respondents were in favor of large-scale structural solutions to
residents of flood areas and citites)                                                                                                               sea flooding.




                                                                                                                                                    Aims to facilitate air exchange in the city and enhance cool air
                                                                                                                                                    flow from the hills towards the urban areas on the valley floor.
                                                                                                                                                    This is to be achieved in part by the enhancement of open
Office for Urban Planning and                                                                                                                       spaces and provision of vegetation. No development is allowed
Urban Renewal; Office for                                                                                                                           that would obstruct air-flow in key strategic areas, felling of trees             Kazmierczak and Carter
Environmental Protection; State                                                                                                                     over a certain size is bannd, and green roofs, green facades and                  (2010) ; Office for
Institue for Environment,                     general public in the                                                                                 other solutions are promoted in densely devleoped areas. Project                  Environmental
                                                                       City of Stuttgart and
Measurements and Nature                       city of Stuttgart (air                                                                                developed planning recommendations. In Stuttgart, over 39% of                     Protection - Section of
                                                                       Verband Region Stuttgart
Conservation Baden-Württemberg                quality and flow)                                                                                     the surface areas is under the protection of nature conservation                  Urban Climatology (Dr.
(LUBW), German Meteorological                                                                                                                       orders and more than 60% of the city is covered in greenery.In                    Ulrich Reuter,
Service; public; Mayor of City of                                                                                                                   line iwth the city development vision, 60 hectares of greenfield                  u360002@stuttgart.de)
Stuttgart                                                                                                                                           land previously earmarked for development have been cut from
                                                                                                                                                    the 2010 land development plan to protect existing green space.
                                                                                                                                                    Several other German municipalities have followed suit (e.g.
                                                                                                                                                    Berlin) as well as in Kobe, Japan.




                                                                                                                                                    The Ministry for Construction and Regoional Development                           Kazmierczak and Carter
spatial planners; Slovakian Ministry                                                                                                                commissioned a group of experts in 2009 to update the set of                      (2010); Zuzana
of Construction and Regional                                                                                                                        national stnadards for land use planning which were first                         Hudekova (Regional
Development; experts from Institute                                                                                                                 developed in 2002. The standards include guidance for planning                    Environmental Center
                                                                                                             Due to the non-statutory
of Urban and Territorial Planning in                                                                                                                of open spaces and green areas and describe not only the                          Slovakia,
                                                                       Central Government                    character of the standards, no
Bratislava, Slovak University of                                                                                                                    aspects relating to the quantity of open space in towns or in a                   rec@changenet.sk);
                                                                       (Ministry of Construction             plans for monitoring their
Technology and the Regional                                                                                                                         green development, but also include aspects relating to the                       Maria Krumpolcova
                                                                       and Regional Development)             implmentation or effectiveness
Environmental Centre in Bratislava;                                                                                                                 quality and character of open spaces (e.g. percentage of sealed                   (work coordinator; AZ
                                                                                                             have been made.
coordinated by AZ PROJEKT;                                                                                                                          surfaces, percentage of tree cover and accessibility). The                        Projekt s.r.o.,
environmental not-for-profit                                                                                                                        development of tight standards guiding spatial development and                    atelier@azproject.sk);
organizations                                                                                                                                       land use planning is a novel approach in Slovakia. The standards                  Ludmila Priehodova
                                                                                                                                                    A bio-neighborhood developments and to created for
                                                                                                                                                    will refer both to newincentive program wasthe reconstruction of                  (Director of Institute of
                                                                                                             based on 'Faenza 2010 - The
                                                                                                             City We Want' (awareness               developers, included in their Town Planning Regualtions. The
                                                                                                             raising campaign from 1998);           program aims to achieve energy savings, promote aesthetic
                                              Developers; city                                                                                      qualities of neighborhoods and create better microclimate
municipal adminstration of Faenza;                                                                           Local Agenda 21 (1999);
                                              residents; city                                                                                       conditions to prepare for future rising temperatures from CC. It
developers; groups of citizens                                      Municipal and Regional                   Municipal Rule of Green (in
                                              (positive reputation                                                                                  allows developers to extend the cubature of buildings in bio-
wanting to contruct a bio-                                          Funds                                    preparation of 1999 town
                                              through awards;                                                                                       neighborhoods in excess of approved standards if the buildings
neighborhood                                                                                                 planning regulations;
                                              increased population)                                                                                 meet certain criteria of environmental sustainability. These
                                                                                                             emphasizes role of green
                                                                                                             spaces in improvement of               include green roofs, green wals, water retention systems, and
                                                                                                             urban quality)                         the creation of continuous public green spaces. There are no set
                                                                                                                                                    standards, so the development conditions are negotiated on a
                                                              On each of the anniversaries                                        The Dorset Heathlands cover an extensive area of SE Dorset
                                                              of the adoption of the Interim                                      and are fragmeted by urban development and other land uses.
                                                              Planning Framework, the          Heathland Interim Planning         They are prone to fires and the risk is likely to increase with
local planning authorities, Dorset
                                                              base costs will be adjusted      Framework Officer Group meet       climate change. The initiative aims to fund measures that would
City Council; joint Dorset                                                                                                                                                                               Kazmierczak and Carter
                                                              by an amount equivalent to       regularly to review and            mitigate the impact of urban development on heathland
Heathland Executive Group and                                                                                                                                                                            (2010); Forward
                                                              the percentage change in         consider schemes and to            (including fire risk) through contributions made by developers
Heathland Interim Planning                                                                                                                                                                               Planning (East Dorset,
                                                              the Retail Price Index. On       oversee the monitoring             who obtain planning permission for new development within
Framework Officer Group; Natural                                                                                                                                                                         forward.planning@eastd
                                                              the 5th anniversary of the       process; monitoring is also        400m-5km distance from a protected heathland site. To date, the
England; Urban Health                                                                                                                                                                                    orset.gov.uk,
                                                              commencement of the              carried out to assess whether      scheme is seen as successful. In 2008, the project collected
Partnership; public (via public                                                                                                                                                                          01202886201)
                                                              developments that made a         the mitigation projects are        £1.75M and a number of mitigation projects are being
consultation process)
                                                              financial contribution to the    being effective in practice        implemented across SE Dorset, including wardening and
                                                              fund, if that contribution has                                      policing, community education and awareness raising, fire risk
                                                              not been spent on mitigation                                        assessment and management projects to divert recreational
                                                                                                                                  In Berlin, plans for the development of new buildings fall under a
                                                                                               The Landscape Programme,           regulation that requires a certain proportion of the development
                                                                                               including the BAF initiative, is   area to be left as a green space. The proportion of green space        Kazmierczak and Carter
                                                                                               implemented through binding        to the entire development area is referred to as the Biotope Area      (2010); Sabine Kopetzki
staff from Berlin's Landscape                                                                  Landscape Plans. 21 of these       Factor. The regulation is part of a larger set of documents
                                      residents (improved                                                                                                                                                (Senate Department for
Planning and Town Planning                                                                     plans now exist for around         relating to landscap planning, design and species protection. It
                                      residential                                                                                                                                                        Urban Development in
departments; public (via                                                                       16% of Berlin's urban area. A      responds to the need to encourage more green space areas in
                                      environment)                                                                                                                                                       Berlin,
consultation)                                                                                  shortage of staff has made it      densely built-up urban locations. It allows flexibility in design,     sabine.kopetzki@sensta
                                                                                               difficult to check the             allowing the developer to decide what green space measures are         dt.berlin.de)
                                                                                               developments for compliance        applie and where as long as the required green space ration is
                                                                                               with the standards.                achieved. All potential green areas such as courtyards, roofs,
                                                                                                                                  walls and fire walls are included in the BAF, but different types

                                                              half of total funding invested
                                                              by MKB housing company;
                                                              remaining funds came from                                           The neighborhood of Augestenborg (Malmö, Sweden) has
                                                              local authorities (mainly the                                       experienced periods of socio-economic decline in recent
                                                              City of Malmö) and the                                              decased and has frequently suffered from floods caused by
                                                              Swedish government's Local                                          overflowing drainage systems. The town underwent major
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Kazmierczak and Carter
residents; city council; social                               Investments Programme for                                           regeneration to address the difficult ecnomic and social situation,
                                      city residents and city                                                                                                                                            (2010);
housing company; the water                                    Ecological Conversion and                                           flood risk management, waste management and biodiversity
                                      itself                                                                                                                                                             www.malmö.se/sustaina
department, landscape designers                               EcoCycle Programme (SEK                                             improvement. Physical infrastructural changes took place,
                                                                                                                                                                                                         blecity
                                                              24M), the Swedish                                                   focusing on the creation of sustainable urban drainage systems,
                                                              Department of the                                                   including ditches, retention ponds, green roofs and green
                                                              Environment (SEK 4M) and                                            spaces. The project was carried out by the city council and a
                                                              EU's LIFE programme (SEK                                            social housing company with extensive public participation.
                                                              6M) and EU URBAN
                                                              program

                                                                                                                                  This LIFE-Nature project aimed above all else to reveal the
                                                                                                                                  reasons for the stagnation of the brown bear population in
                                                                                                                                  Austria. The monitoring of the bear population, which had started
                                                                                                                                  several years previously, was to be extended geographically and        http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                                                                  intensified using genetic tracing techniques. The examination of       onment/life/project/Proje
WWF Austria; Amt der Kärnter                                                                                                      possible migration corridors and barriers - such as roads - in the     cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
Landesregierung, Austria                                      LIFE+                                                               Austrian Alps would also be explored. The possible genetic             =search.dspPage&n_pro
Umweltbundesamt, Austria                                                                                                          exchange between Alpine and Dinaric populations of brown               j_id=1968 ; Project
                                                                                                                                  bears would be examined. This is crucial since the the Austrian        Manager: Arno MOHL
                                                                                                                                  bear population was so small that the risks of in-breeding were        Tel: +43 1 488 17 0
                                                                                                                                  high and its long-term survival depended on the migration of
                                                                                                                                  other bears from the Dinaric Alps. With this in mind, the project
                                                                                                                                  also intended to step up cross-border cooperation with Italy and,
                                                                                                                                  Seeks to establish an eco-corridor for a small population of
                                                                                                                                  brown bears in the Cantabrian mountins of northern Spain. The
                                                                                                                                  population's viability is under threat from diverse fractors, in
                                                                                                                                  particular habitat degradation and gramentation, poaching and
                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                                                                  poisoning, low social acceptance and low genetic variability. Bear
                                                                                                                                                                                                         onment/life/project/Proje
Fundación Oso Pardo (FOP)                                                                                                         numbers were recently estimated at about 105-130 individuals.
                                                              LIFE+                                                                                                                                      cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
“Brown Bear Foundation”                                                                                                           These are distributed between two main sites that so far appear
                                                                                                                                                                                                         =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                                                                                  distinct, at least from a genetic perspective. The bear's ability to
                                                                                                                                                                                                         j_id=3369
                                                                                                                                  use the corridor is hindered by obstacles such as roads, railways
                                                                                                                                  and a ski resort. The overall objective is to reduce specific risks
                                                                                                                                  and negative impacts. The overall objective is to contribute to the
                                                                                                                                  recovery of the brown bear in the Cantabrian Mountains by
Zavod Za Gozdove Slovenije                                                                                                        reducing specific risks and negative improvement of zones that
                                                                                                                                  Developed an action plan for habitat impacts on bear                   http://www.gov.si/zgs-
(Slovenian Forest Service);                                                                                                       were identified as important for bears. These include 'winter          life/index.php ;
Ministry of Environment and Spatial                                                                                               dens' zones, feeding places, areas of particularly rich natural        http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Planning, Slovenia Ministry of                                                                                                    interest and migratory eco-corridors. This plan includes guidance      onment/life/project/Proje
Agriculture, Forestry and Food,                                                                                                   on how railways and roads should be planned and constructed.           cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
Slovenia Biotechnical Faculty,                                                                                                    The project foresaw the implementation and testing of practical        =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                              LIFE+
University of Ljubljana, Slovenia                                                                                                 steps to reduce conflicts in two pilot areas. These might include      j_id=1986 ; Project
OIKOS Inc., Environmental                                                                                                         the creation of sanctuary zones, the payment of compensation           Manager: Marko
Consulting Slovenian Hunters’                                                                                                     for damages, measures to direct bears away from settlements,           JONOZOVIC
Association Pristop Inc. The                                                                                                      the removal of garbage dumps that attract bears and the                Tel: +386 1 423 54 32
Farmland and Forest Fund of the                                                                                                   installation of fences and other protective devices. The project       Fax: +386 1 423 53 61
Republic of Slovenia                                                                                                              planned to provide equipment and training for a rapid intervention     Email:
                                                                                                                                  group, to handle problematic bears. Work was planned to                Marko.jonozovic@zgs.go
                                                                               The Project aims to restore and maintain key areas of Iberian
                                                                               lynx habitat, and the connecting areas between them, through          http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                               the promotion of long-term effective conservation management          onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                               measures and awareness raising of the lynx within the                 cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
Liga para a Protecçao da Natureza                                              Moura/Barrancos Natura 2000 site. The site is one of the areas        =search.dspPage&n_pro
; Fauna & Flora International (FFI),                                           where the lynx is most likely to be found in Portugal due to its      j_id=3163 ;
United Kingdom Centro de               LIFE+                                   proximity to Andalucia. The region contains habitats that are         Project Manager: Isabel
Investigação e de Intervenção                                                  suitable for lynx or that might be improved in order to insure the    PINTO
Social (CIS), Portugal                                                         recovery or reintroduction of the species in the medium to long       Tel: +351 217 780 097
                                                                               term. These areas are crucial to the maintenance of the               Fax: +351 217 783 208
                                                                               populations in an Iberian and worldwide context. The strategy for     Email:
                                                                               Moura/Barrancos is to link core areas of lynx habitat to allow the    programa.lince@lpn.pt
                                                                               species to expand its habitat range. The project also aims to
                                                                               The project's main objective is to stabilise the population of
 Ogólnopolskie Towarzystwo                                                     aquatic warbler (Acrocephalus paludicola) in key areas of its         http://www.wodniczka.pl
Ochrony Ptaków (Polish Society for                                             range in Poland and Germany. It aims to improve and increase          ;
the Protection of Birds); Royal                                                the habitats at the most important sites of the species in Biebrza,   http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Society for the Protection of Birds,                                           Poland and to prevent the extinction of the genetically distinct      onment/life/project/Proje
                                               Agreement on the
UK The North Podlasian Society                                                 remnant population in Pomerania, Germany. It will raise the           cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                               Conservation of Agrican-
for Birds Protection, Poland West-     LIFE+                                   awareness of authorities, key stakeholders and the local public of    =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                               Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds
Pomeranian Ornithological Society,                                             the conservation needs of the aquatic warbler and its specific        j_id=2926 ; Project
                                               (AEWA)
Poland Wolin National Park,                                                    habitat requirements. To this end, it also aims to identify and       Manager: Izabela FLOR
Poland Biebrza National Park,                                                  agree upon long-term management measures and to secure                Tel: +48 22 8451412
Poland Förderverein “Naturschutz                                               financial and political backing for their implementation. The         Fax: +48 22 8454892
im Peenetal e.V., Germany                                                      project will create 1,500 ha of new potential habitat in Pomerania    Email:
                                                                               and Biebrza and implement restoration actions on another 1,500        izabela.flor@otop.org.pl
                                                                               The stopover and breeding sites of the acquatic warbler are
                                                                               characterised by a string of coastal marshes and wetlands that
                                                                               are currently suffering from inadequate management,
                                                                                                                                                     http://www.carricerinceju
                                                                               degradation of hydrological conditions, natural filling-up, water
                                                                                                                                                     do.org/ ;
Junta de Castilla y León                                                       pollution, and man-made changes. These factors have led to a
                                                                                                                                                     http://ec.europa.eu/envir
(Consejería de Medio Ambiente) -                                               decline in their ecological value as feeding and resting habitats
                                                                                                                                                     onment/life/project/Proje
Regional department of the                                                     for the species during its migration. The project proposed a
                                       LIFE+                                                                                                         cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
environment; Fundación 2001                                                    series of over 30 actions in order to achieve three main
                                                                                                                                                     =search.dspPage&n_pro
Global Nature, Spain Ayuntamiento                                              objectives: 1. Enlargement and improvement of the status of the
                                                                                                                                                     j_id=2002 ;
de Fuentes de Nava, Spain                                                      aquatic warbler at the la Nava site. 2. Increase the scientific
                                                                                                                                                     Project Manager:
                                                                               knowledge of the aquatic warbler and its habitat at La Nova. 3.
                                                                                                                                                     Mariano TORRE
                                                                               Increase public awareness of the aquatic warbler and its
                                                                                                                                                     ANTÓN
                                                                               problems. The surface area of habitat suitable for the species
                                                                               would be extended and general knowledge of the aquatic warbler
                                                                               would be increased; in particular,of the acquaticof the places
                                                                               The stopover and breeding sites management warbler are                ;
                                                                               characterised by a string of coastal marshes and wetlands that        http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                               are currently suffering from inadequate management,                   onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                               degradation of hydrological conditions, natural filling-up, water     cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                               pollution, and man-made changes. These factors have led to a          =search.dspPage&n_pro
Société d'Etude et Protection de la                                            decline in their ecological value as feeding and resting habitats     j_id=2657 ; Project
                                       LIFE+
Nature en Bretagne (SEPNB)                                                     for the species during its migration. The main objective of this      Manager: Bertrand
                                                                               LIFE project was to increase the area of favourable habitat for       RIVOAL
                                                                               migrating aquatic warblers in the Atlantic coastal marshes of         Tel: 33 2 98 490718
                                                                               France. Two specific aims of the project were: 1)The ecological       Fax: 33 2 98 49 95 80
                                                                               maintenance or rehabilitation of three important stopover             Email: bretagne-
                                                                               marshes in Brittany, all known to be important staging areas for      vivante@bretagne-
                                                                               Targeted the Croix Scaille plateau in southern Belgium                http://www.life-
                                                                               (containing bog woodland, Nardus grasslands and Tilio-Acerion         croixscaille.eu/ ;
                                                                               and alluvial forests). Extensive conifer plantation has caused the    http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                               destruction and fragmentation of these semi-natural habitats.         onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                               The project focused on the removal of 160ha of exotic conifer         cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                               plantations from 3 Natura 2000 sites. The objective was to            =search.dspPage&n_pro
Réserves Naturelles RNOB ;
                                       LIFE+                                   improve the quality of the two river valleys by restoring open        j_id=2920 ;
Commune de Gedinne, Belgium
                                                                               landscapes and enhancing connectivity between fragmented              Project Manager: Joelle
                                                                               habitats. Four kinds of actions were involved: maintenance by         HUYSECOM
                                                                               mowing, by grazing, by coppicing and total non-intervention (re-      Tel: +32 081 830335
                                                                               wilding). The project cleard 170ha or conifers and restored 85ha      Email:
                                                                               of river valley habitats and 44 ha of peat bogs by blocking drains    joelle.huysecom@natago
                                                                               and digging hundreds of ponds.                                        ra.be

                                                                                                                                                     http://www.lifehautesfagn
                                                                               Aim is to restore 1800ha of endangered peaty and wet habitats         es.be ;
forest owners, nature                                                          on a 9724ha working zone in 6 Natura 2000 sites. Targeted             http://ec.europa.eu/envir
conservationists, farmers;                                                     habitat types inclue peat moss and birch woods, raised bogs,          onment/life/project/Proje
Direction Générale Opérationnelle                                              damaged or inactive bogs, wet heathlands, transition mires, wet       cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
"Agriculture, Ressources naturelles                                            open acid peat with white beak-sedge, oak woodlands and dry           =search.dspPage&n_pro
et Environnement" (DGO3) -                                                     heathlands, meadows, etc. In addition to clearing trees from          j_id=3114 ;
                                       LIFE+
Departement de l'Etude du Milieu                                               400ha, purchasing 100ha of forest for habitat restoration and         Project Manager: Pierre
Naturel et Agricole (DEMNA);                                                   negotiating with forest owners to turn 630ha of plantation forests    GERARD
Commission de Gestion du Parc                                                  over to nature conservation, the project seeks to guarantee the       Tel: +32 081 626438
naturel Hautes-Fagnes/Eifel,                                                   sustainable conservation of the open landscapes and related           Fax: +32 (0)81 615 727
Belgium                                                                        habitats through the inroduction of extensive grazing via             Email:
                                                                               agreements with farmers.                                              p.gerard@mrw.wallonie.
                                                                                                                                                     be
                                                                  This project relates to three butterfly species listed in annexes II     http://www.life-
                                                                  and IV of the Habitats Directive (92/43/CEE): the Marsh Fritillary      papillons.eu ;
                                                                  (Euphydryas aurinia), the Violet Copper (Lycaena helle), and the        Project Manager:
                                                                  Large Copper (Lycaena dispar). The first species, linked to             Dominique
                                                                  unfertilised meadow habitats both dry and wet, has suffered a           LAFONTAINE
                                                                  substantial decline in Wallonia and in most of Europe over the          Tel: +32 81 830335
Réserves Naturelles RNOB ;                                        past few decades as a result of general fertilisation of meadows.       Fax: +32 81 830 571
                                      LIFE+                       The second is a species that is a relict of cold regions, rare in       Email:
Commune de Gedinne, Belgium
                                                                  Western Europe where it is restricted to a few mountain ranges          dominique.lafontaine@n
                                                                  – for example, the Ardennes. However, the populations there are         atagora.be ;
                                                                  experiencing a strong decline owing to the deterioration of their       http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                  habitats. The third species appears to be very sparsely                 onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                  distributed throughout Europe, just as it is in Wallonia, where it is   cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                  restricted to the southernmost extreme of the territory and             =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                  threatened by the development of farming practices and                  j_id=3376
Uusimaa Regional Environment                                      Along the flyway of Northern Coastal Gulf of Finland, waterfowl
Centre (part of the Finnish                                       and waders wintering in the southern part of the Baltic Sea and         http://www.environment.fi
environment administration);                                      the coasts of the North Sea migrate in the spring to their              /default.asp?contentid=2
Metsähallitus-Laatumaa, Finland                                   breeding regions and in the autumn back to their wintering              52434&lan=EN ;
WWF Suomi, Finland Birdlife                                       regions. The 12 project areas along the flyway are internationally      Project Manager: Ilpo
Suomi, Finland South-East Finland                                 valuable bird-rich wetlands in which 35 species mentioned in            HUOLMAN
Regional Environment Centre,          LIFE+                       Annex I of the Birds Directive either rest or breed. These areas        Tel: +358 40 517 3442
Finland City of Helsinki, Finland                                 are also important habitats for many plant and insect species           Fax: +358 20 610 1700
Finnish Environment Institute,                                    mentioned in the Habitats directive. Overgrowth of meadows,             Email:
Finland Metsähallitus-South                                       lack of open water areas, small predators, uncontrolled visitor         ilpo.huolman@ymparisto
Finland Natural Heritage Services,                                access and low public awareness in some places are threats to           .fi ;
Finland Central Uusimaa water                                     these project sites.                                                    http://ec.europa.eu/envir
protection municipality coalition,                                                                                                        onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                  Mires are one of the most important habitat types in terms of
                                                                  conservation of biodiversity in northern Europe. In Finland and
                                                                  Lapland, aapa mires represent the most diverse type of habitat
                                                                  occurring on peatlands. In addition to the broad diversity of           http://www.ymparisto.fi/d
                                                                  habitat types, aapa mires are important for conserving diverse          efault.asp?node=21262&
Centre of Economic Development,
                                                                  avifauna. They are especially important as breeding, but also as        lan=fi ; Project Manager:
Transport and the Environment for
                                                                  resting and feeding area for migrating and moulting birds The           Juoni RAUHALA
Lapland ; Metsähallitus, Natural      LIFE+
                                                                  Perä-Pohjola aapa mire zone in central Lapland forms a wide             Tel: +358 400470675 ;
Heritage Services, Northern Finland
                                                                  chain of wetlands from east to west. It is one of Finland’s most        http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                  important breeding areas for wetland birds. Many of the aapa            onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                  mires in this zone is classified as internationally important           cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                  wetlands. Three Natura 2000 sites included in the project are all       =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                  included in the IBA (Important Bird Areas) project and one also         j_id=3150
                                                                  in the Ramsar convention. Altogether the project covers an area
                                                                                                                                           http://www.life-
                                                                  The project area encompasses two Natura 2000 sites:                     rostam.de ;
                                                                  "Hochrunstfilze" and "Auer Weidmoos mit Kalten und                      Project Manager: Harald
                                                                  Kaltenaue". These sites together cover 1,100 ha and are part of         LIPPERT
                                                                  one of the largest pre-alpine moor lands in Europe. This area           Tel: +49 89 9214 3207
Bayerisches Staatsministerium für                                 encompasses four priority habitats of the Habitats Directive            Fax: +49 89 9214 3497
Umwelt und Gesundheit; Umwelt-,                                   altogether covering 25% of the project area: active raised bogs,        Email:
                                      LIFE+
Kultur- und Sozialstiftung im                                     calcareaous fens, bog woodland, and alluvial forests. The project       harald.lippert@stmugv.b
Landkreis Rosenheim, Germany                                      area is also remarkable by having maintained a very high                ayern.de ;
                                                                  connectivity between different bog and fen habitats. Although           http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                  large parts of the area are still in a good conservation status,        onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                  many land sections have been affected by peat extraction and            cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                  draining, causing excessive dryness and overgrowth. The project         =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                  The river Lippe is builds on an ongoing state-initiated
                                                                  complements and the northernmost tributary of the river Rhine           j_id=2948
                                                                  from the East. It runs along the southern edge of the
                                                                  Westphalian river basin. Between the mostly agricultural area of
Stadt Hamm, Umweltamt ;                                           the Münsterland in the north and the industrial centres in the          http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Lippeverband, Germany Kreis                                       southwest, the river Lippe acts as a connection axis between the        onment/life/project/Proje
Soest, Gemany Kreis Warendorf,                                    biotopes of the Niederrhein in the West, via the Teutoburger
                                      LIFE+                                                                                               cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
Germany Arbeitsgemeinschaft                                       Wald and the Eggegebirge to the river Weser in the East. As a           =search.dspPage&n_pro
Biologischer Umweltschutz im                                      consequence both of hydraulic engineering works to make the             j_id=3522
Kreis Soest, Germany                                              river easier to navigate and of intensive agricultural use, such
                                                                  designated sites need support and development measures in
                                                                  order to meet their protective objectives in a sustainable way.
                                                                  The overall project objective is to preserve and enhance the
Naturschutzbund Deutschland                                       Amphibians are recognised as some of Europe’s most
(NABU) Landesverband                                              endangered species. Loss of key habitat features has been
Niedersachsen e.V. ; Biologische                                  attributed to species decline as intensive land use systems
Station im Kreis Wesel e.V.,                                      remove ponds, close migration corridors and limit the availability
                                                                  of areas for foraging, hibernation and overwintering. Such factors      http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Germany Planungsbüro Koenzen,
                                                                  have particularly affected amphibian species listed in Annex IV of      onment/life/project/Proje
Germany Zoologisches Institut der
                                      LIFE+   Habitat Directive   the Habitat Directive. Opportunities exist to improve the               cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
Universität zu Köln/Außenstelle
                                                                  conservation status of these species in Germany’s Lower                 =search.dspPage&n_pro
Rees–Grietherbusch, Germany
                                                                  Saxony region, where extensively used meadows and pastures              j_id=3526
Ministerium für Umwelt und
Naturschutz, Landwirtschaft und                                   can be managed to help support Annex IV amphibians. The main
Verbraucherschutz des Landes                                      aim of the project is to create reproduction pond sites for the
Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany                                      amphibians Pelobates fuscus, Bufo calamita, Hyla arborea,
                                                                  Rana arvalis and Rana lessonae (all Annex IV of the Habitats
                                                                   After having implemented measures for the conservation of the            http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                   brown bear (Ursus arctos) through two previous LIFE-Nature               onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                   projects, ARCTUROS focused with this project on the                      cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                   conservation of six priority mountainous habitat types as well as        =search.dspPage&n_pro
ARCTUROS ; Region of Western                                       the brown bear (about 28% of the total Greek population). The            j_id=568 ; Project
Macedonia Region of Ipeiros                                        project’s areas were located in two large geographical regions of        Manager: Georgios
                                                           LIFE+
Region of Eastern Macedonia-                                       Greece, the Gramos and Rodopi mountain massifs (1 pSCI in                ANASTASOPOULOS
Thrace                                                             Gramos and 6 pSCIs in Rodopi). The targeted habitat types                Tel: 30/31/554623
                                                                   (semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous          Fax: 30/31/553932
                                                                   substrates, species-rich Nardus grasslands, active blanket bogs,         Email:
                                                                   tilio Acerion ravine forests, residual alluvial forests, pallas’s pine   arcturos@arcturos.gr
                                                                   This LIFE Nature project aimed to restore 571 ha of raised of
                                                                   forests) were facing a series of threats, the most important bog         anastasopoulos@arcturo
                                                                   on 14 sites in the central plain of Ireland to a favourable
                                                                   conservation status. Furthermore, by extending the area of raised        http://www.raisedbogrest
                                                                   bog, the project sought to enlarge the area free from the effects        oration.ie/ ; Project
                                                                   of afforestation and thus increase the likelihood of recolonisation      Manager: Philip
Coillte Teoranta - The Irish                                       with Annex 1 habitat types.                                              MURPHY
                                                           LIFE+
Forestry Board                                                     The project intended to target the effects of the cutting of turf        Tel: +35318628462
                                                                   from peatland for fuel and damage from trespassing livestock. It         Email:
                                                                   also planned to reduce hazard risks for adjoining landowners and         philip.murphy@coillte.ie
                                                                   the risks of fire damage to the project sites, notably through           ;
                                                                   vegetation clearance on vulnerable high risk perimeter areas.            http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                   The project hoped to have a demonstration role, particularly for         onment/life/project/Proje
Baltic Environmental Forum - Latvia                                The overall objective of the project is to secure the protection and
(BEF-Latvia) ; Baltic Environmental                                sustainable use of marine biodiversity in the Eastern Baltic Sea .       Project Manager:
Forum - Estonia (BEF-Estonia),                                     The project will complete the establishment of Natura 2000 in the        Heidrun FAMMLER
Estonia Baltic Environmental                                       marine territories of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania (site selection,     Tel: +371 6735 7555
Forum - Lithuania (BEF-Lithuania),                                 designation, protection rules and management plans).                     Fax: +371 6750 7071
Lithuania Estonian Environment                                     Furthermore, it will assess and reduce the impact of fishery by-         Email:
Information Centre (EEIC), Estonia                         LIFE+   catch on target bird and mammal species, for example the                 heidrun.fammler@bef.lv
Estonian Marine Institute (EMI),                                   Steller’s Eider (Polysticta stelleri). The project will also address     ;
Estonia Estonian Ornithological                                    other threats to marine Natura 2000 sites such as construction           http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Society (EOÜ), Estonia Marine and                                  developments, economic or recreational activities and pollution.         onment/life/project/Proje
Inland Waters Administration                                       Finally, it will promote transboundary networking and capacity           cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
(MIWA), Latvia Latvian National                                    building on marine protected areas between the Baltic States,            =search.dspPage&n_pro
Armed Forces (NAF), Latvia                                         other EU Member States and Russia.                                       j_id=2927 ;
Institute for Aquatic Ecology (IAE                                                                                                          http://www.balticseaporta
                                                                   The project targeted 23 of the 80 Baltic raised bogs have been
                                                                   recorded in northern Poland. Its overall objective was to maintain
                                                                   or restore active raised bogs and pine/birch bog forests in these
                                                                   sites in Pomerania, Poland. It aimed to: • Halt the process of           Project Manager: Pawel
Klub Przyrodników (NGO);
                                                                   drainage and subsequent water loss of peat bogs through the              PAWLACZYK
Pomorski Urząd Wojewódzki-
                                                                   building of sluices and dams and through the filling of ditches. •       Tel: +48 68 3828236
Wydział Środowiska i Rolnictwa,
                                                                   Eliminate local threats to biodiversity, such as the extension of        Email: lkp@lkp.org.pl ;
Poland Zachodniopomorski Urząd
                                                                   birch, pine trees and spruce. • Increase the knowledge of the            http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Wojewódzki-Wydział Środowiska i                            LIFE+
                                                                   natural values, ecology and hydrology of each raised bog and             onment/life/project/Proje
Rolnictwa, Poland Lasy
                                                                   adapt management plans on the basis of knowledge gained. •               cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
Państwowe-Nadleśnictwo Kliniska,
                                                                   Disseminate active raised bogs conservation, including                   =search.dspPage&n_pro
Poland Nadleśnictwo Szczecinek,
                                                                   innovative management techniques tested by the project. •                j_id=2601 ;
Poland
                                                                   Increase public awareness of Baltic raised bogs and their                http://kp.org.pl/plbaltbogs
                                                                   conservation needs, especially among the most influential                /
                                                                   stakeholders groups, but also among local communities and the
                                                                   general public.

                                                                   The project aimed to reach a favourable conservation status for
Consejería de Medio Ambiente de                                    the Iberian lynx in Andalusia, which is home to the two                  http://www.juntadeandalu
la Junta de Andalucía (regional                                    populations with the greatest guarantees of viability: Doñana and        cia.es/medioambiente/LI
authority); Fundación CBD-                                         Sierra Morena (the Cardeña-Montoro area). It planned to improve          FE_lince/infogeneral/intr
Habitat, Spain Ecologistas en        regional government           its habitat (areas of refuge and feeding grounds, connecting             oduccion.html ;
                                                           LIFE+   isolated populations), increase the availability of prey (including      Project Manager: María
Acción, Spain APROCA, Spain          of Andalusia, Spain
ATECA, Spain FAC, Spain …                                          the leasing of hunting rights over rabbits) and reduce unnatural         Cecilia GAÑÁN DE
hunters, public authorities, private                               mortality (animals being snared or run over, etc.). Measures             MOLINA
land ownders, environmental NGOs                                   would be carried out through management agreements with                  Tel: +34955003400
                                                                   owners (the majority of whom are private individuals) and be             Fax: +34955003500
                                                                   complemented by the monitoring of the lynxes and patrolling of           Email:
                                                                   Within the framework of the Habitats Directive, this project aimed
                                                                   to develop management models for both turtles and cetaceans              http://www.cetaceos.com
                                                                   as well as those areas important for their conservation as agreed         ; Project Manager:
Spanish Association of Cetaceans                                   with relevant stakeholders and interest groups. The project area,        Ricardo
; Environmental Department                                         on the southern coast of the Iberian Peninsula, is of great              SAGARMINAGA VAN
Murcia, Spain Environmental                                        interest for the above species acting as a corridor between the          BUITEN
                                                           LIFE+
Department Andalucía, Spain                                        Mediterranean and the Atlantic. It is also important due to the          Email:
Ministry of the Environment, Spain                                 substantial feeding and breeding areas. The project was to               sec@cetaceos.com ;
University of Cadix, Spain                                         develop a range of activities from devising plans to manage              http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                   habitats, species and applied research to raising awareness in           onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                   whole sectors of society. Key elements in this project were              cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                   consensus with users and managers of the sea and developing              =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                                                                           The biggest threats faced by the Sierra de Ancares were
                                                                                                                           rejection by the local population of the management of the area         Project Manager:
                                                                                                                           by the authorities, growing tourism in the area and the failure of      Mariano TORRE
                                                                                                                           the managers of the hunting grounds which cover much of the             ANTON
                                                                                                                           area to take account of the presence of protected species there.        Tel: +34983419934
Ministry of Environment of the                                                                                             This all led to destruction of habitats by fire, disturbance of         Fax: +34983419933
Regional Government of Castilla y                    LIFE+                                                                 wildlife, and killing of bears in hunting accidents or by poachers.     Email: arrsanjo@jcyl.es
León                                                                                                                       The objective of this project was to ensure coordinated                 ;
                                                                                                                           management of two adjoining protected sites under different             http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                                                           regional authorities: Castile-Leon and Galicia. The conservation        onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                                                                           measures for these areas would be brought together in a joint           cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                                                                           management plan and some of them would be implemented                   =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                                                                           jointly in the two adjoining regions during this LIFE project.          j_id=383 ;
                                                                                                                           The joint action in this project focused on habitats and species
                                                                                                                           Because of their natural wealth, the Ancares de Galicia have            http://www.jcyl.es/jcyl-
                                                                                                                           been proposed for inclusion in the Natura 2000 network.                 Project Manager:
                                                                                                                           The biggest threats facing these mountains are rejection, by the        Francisco GARCIA
                                                                                                                           local population, of intervention by the authorities in management      BOBADILLA
Ministry of Environment of the                                                                                             and conservation of the site, the growing tourism in the area and       Tel: +34981547211
Regional Government of Galicia                       LIFE+                                                                 hunting practices which fail to take adequate account of the            Fax: +34981546101
(Xunta de Galicia)                                                                                                         presence of protected species. This all leads to continuous             Email:
                                                                                                                           destruction of habitats by forest fires, disturbance of wildlife, and   maria.mercedes.robles.g
                                                                                                                           killings of bears in hunting accidents or by poachers. The              omez@xunta.es ;
                                                                                                                           objective of this project is to ensure the coordinated management       http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                                                           of two adjoining protected areas under different regional               onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                                                                           The next three to five years of the new decade presented the last
                                                                                                                           opportunity to restore afforested peatland with an optimal chance       Project Manager: Stuart
                                                                                                                           of success, as the forest canopy would close and finally shade          HOUSDEN
Royal Society for the Protection of
                                                                                                                           out what remained of the peatland vegetation community.                 Tel: +44/131 311 65 00
Birds ; Scottish Natural Heritage,
                                                                                                                           Building on the initial results of a previous LIFE-Nature project,      Fax: +44/131 311 65 69
United Kingdom Plantlife, United
                                                                                                                           the intention of this project was not only to enlarge the area of       Email:
Kingdom Forest Enterprise, United
                                                     LIFE+                                                                 restored blanket bog but also to devise a long-term land use            stuart.housden@rspb.or
Kingdom Forestry Commission,
                                                                                                                           strategy for the sustainable management of the SAC/SPA in co-           g.uk ;
United Kingdom … conservation
                                                                                                                           operation with the principal stakeholders. This would include           http://ec.europa.eu/envir
NGOs, forestry authorities,
                                                                                                                           identifying financial and procedural mechanisms by which such a         onment/life/project/Proje
statutory conservation agency
                                                                                                                           strategy might be delivered. The project partnership was made           cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                                                                           up of conservation NGOs, the forestry authorities and the               =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                                                                           statutory conservation agency. Together, they would undertake a         j_id=1715 ;
                                                                                                                           series of actions the project was to bring 1256 ha of active raised
                                                                                                                           The objective of over a total area of 16,200 ha. The major              http://www.lifepeatlandsp
                                                                                                                           bog back up to a favourable condition by reducing existing or           Project Manager: Stuart
                                                                                                                           potential threats within the eleven sites and to increase the area      BROOKS
                                                                                                                           of raised bog by a further 315 ha through the clearance of trees,       Tel: +44-131-3127765
Scottish Wildlife Trust , Scottish                                                                                         scrub and heather. This was undertaken by a partnership of              Fax: 44-131-3128705
Natural Heritage Forestry                            LIFE+                                                                 organisations involving the Forestry Commission for Scotland,           Email:
Commission Scotland                                                                                                        Scottish Natural Heritage and the Scottish Wildlife Trust. The          sbrooks@swt.org.uk ;
                                                                                                                           human dimension would also be addressed with a variety of               http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                                                           measures to increase local interest and access to the eleven            onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                                                                           sites in order to raise awareness of the conservation value of          cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                                                                           raised bogs. A number of local open days were to be held, fact          =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                                    Nature protection and                  sheets produced and a conference organised to disseminate the
                                                                                                                           Following an earlier LIFE-Nature project in the national park,          j_id=1716
                               A national park that                              Biodiversity
                               was set up by the                                                                           which focused on reconnecting cut-off branches to the main              http://www.donauauen.at
                                                                                    * Directive 79/409/EEC -
                               higher authorities to                             "Conservation of wild birds" (02.04.79)
                                                                                                                           river, this second project aimed to restore the river banks              ,
Nationalpark Donau-Auen GmbH , manage the area. It                                  * Directive 92/43/EEC -                themselves to a natural state: all artificial elements strengthening    Project Manager: Georg
Wasserstrassendirektion Wien-  maintains restrictions LIFE+                      "Conservation of natural habitats and     the bank would be removed on a 2.8 km pilot stretch of the left         FRANK
                                                                                 of wild fauna and flora" (21.05.92)       bank of the Danube opposite the town of Hainburg, so that               Tel: +4322123450
Via Donau, Austria             on hunting, angling,                                 * Council Decision 93/626/EEC -
                               water sports and                                                                            erosion and accretion processes again lead to the formation of          Fax: +43 022123450 17
                                                                                 "Conclusion of the Convention on
                               access for leisure                                Biological Diversity" (25.10.93)
                                                                                                                           natural river bank structures. The project foresaw the removal of       Email:
                               craft.                                               * COM(95) 189 - "Communication on      24,000 m³ of stone blocks. Within a few years the river as it           nationalpark@donauaue
                                                                                 the judicious use and conservation of     flows through the restored area is expected to erode the steep          n.at ,
                                                                                                                           Between Krems and Melk, the Danube winds through one of                  http://www.life-
                                                                                                                           Austria’s most romantic gorges, the Wachau. This important              wachau.at ,
Arbeitskreis Wachau (Wachau                                                                                                east-west corridor always attracted people, who left exquisite          Project Manager:
Working Group),                                                                                                            cultural treasures like the Venus of Willendorf or the baroque          Hannes SEEHOFER
                                                     LIFE+                                                                 abbey Stift Melk. However, the morphological and species wealth         Tel: 2713 43 30000
Wasserstrassendirektion Wien -
Via Donau                                                                                                                  of this area is just as exquisite. The 33 km gorge is one of the        Email:
                                                                                                                           only two remaining undammed and freely-flowing stretches of the         office@arbeitskreis-
                                                                                                                           Danube in Austria. The Wachau’s mosaic of main river habitats           wachau.at;
                                                                                                                           and of the most important tributaries of the River Danube in
                                                                                                                           Onetributary water systems, dry grassland and species-rich the          seehofer@arbeitskreis-
                                                                                                                           Lower Austrian foothills is the River Ybbs. The mouth of the            Project Manager:
                                                                                                                           Ybbs long provided excellent natural habitats and conditions for        Norbert KNOPF
 Amt der Niederösterreichischen                                                                                            fish, including islands, gravel banks and branches. However, the        Tel: +432742
Landesregierung, Abt Wasserbau -                                                                                           river has been reworked four times since 1891 with a massive            900514447
                                                     LIFE+ , Hydro Power AG
Bundeswasserbauverwaltung                                                                                                  reduction in quality habitat.                                           Email:
                                                     (contributed 35% of total
(water authority administration) ,                                                                                         The Melk power station has had a notable environmental impact           norbert.knopf@noel.gv.at
                                                     costs)
VERBUND-Austrian Hydro Power                                                                                               in the Nature 2000 site “Niederösterreichische                           ,
AG, Austria                                                                                                                Alpenvorlandflüsse”. Its dams have interrupted the natural river        http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                                                           dynamics of the Danube, preventing fish living downstream from          onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                                                                           reaching their traditional spawning grounds in the river’s              cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                                                                           tributaries. At the power station, 39 fish species have been            =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                     Human activities over the past few decades have reduced the
                                                                     number of gravel banks and the amount of lateral flowing water in         http://www.life-
                                                                     the project area. The site contains habitats that are crucial for        mostviertel-wachau.at/ ,
                                                                     spawning, reproduction and wintering of fish species. There is a         Project Manager: Erhard
                                                                     functional connection between the Danube River and the                   KRAUS
Lower Austrian water authority, via                                  tributaries of the Mostviertel region. Fast moving water fish            Email:
Donau, Austria LANIUS, Austria                                       species of the Danube migrate to the tributaries to reproduce at         erhard.kraus@noel.gv.at
                                                             LIFE+
Stadtwerke Amstetten, Austria City                                   sites where gravel banks still exist. In the river itself, most of the   ,
of Amstetten, Austria                                                fish species need lateral arms (side arms) particularly as               http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                     wintering habitats. Moreover, juvenile fish are finding shelter in       onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                     lateral waters, where they are protected against waves caused by         cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                     ship traffic in the main river. The rivers within the project area are   =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                     habitats for some 40 species, including 13 species listed in             j_id=3327
                                                                     Annexes of the Birds and Habitats Directive.
                                                                     This project relates improve the river habitats and the
                                                                     The project aims to to two priority habitats of Community interest:
                                                                     dry grasslands on calcareous substrates (6210*) and rupicolous       http://www.heliantheme.e
                                                                     calcareous/basophilic grasslands (6110*). These habitats are         u,
                                                                     among the most species-rich and the most threatened natural          http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Réserves Naturelles RNOB                                             habitats in Belgium. The sites targeted by the project, in the       onment/life/project/Proje
(Belgian NGO) , Natuurpunt                                           lower and middle valleys of the Meuse basin, are even more           cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                      Not specified          LIFE+
Beheer vzw, Belgium                                                  remarkable given their location at the northerly limit of the range  =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                     of thermophilous communities. These habitats, however, are           j_id=3377 , Project
                                                                     subject to many threats, and have resulted in the very               Manager: Frédéric
                                                                     unfavourable conservation status of the project area. The major      DEGRAVE
                                                                     threats are: fragmentation; lack of appropriate management;          Tel: +32 4 250.95.95
                                                                     increase in level of soil fertility; climate change; lack of public  Fax: +32 4 222.16.89
                                                                     The purpose of the project is issues; about inter-regional
                                                                     awareness about biodiversity to bring lack ofa significant and       Email:
                                                                     sustained improvement in the condition of blanket bog in key         http://www.blanketbogsw
                                                                     parts of two SACs in Wales, and to catalyse complementary            ales.org ,
                                                                     work elsewhere in these SACs and more widely. The sites              Project Manager: Jared
Royal Society for the Protection of                                  concerned are the Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains SAC and           WILSON
Birds ; Countryside Council for                                                                                                           Tel: +44 1691 870939
                                      Not specified          LIFE+
Wales, United Kingdom Forestry                                       important SACs for blanket bog in the UK. All of the blanket bog Fax: +44 1767 685625
Commission, United Kingdom                                           targeted by the project is either active at present or will be       Email:
                                                                     returned to activity through the project actions. More specifically, gorgorscymru@rspb.org.
                                                                     the project seeks to implement restoration and conservation          uk ,
                                                                     actions over 5,039 ha of the Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                     SAC, benefiting 2,955 ha of blanket bog within the SAC.              onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                     The coast of eastern England is one of the richest areas for
                                                                     birdlife in the UK. However, this part of the British coastline is
                                                                     also under considerable pressure from climate-induced sea-level
                                                                     rise, leading to what is termed ‘coastal squeeze’ – intertidal
                                                                     habitats are prevented from migrating landwards due to the           http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                     presence of sea walls. Government policy on shoreline                onment/life/project/Proje
Royal Society for the Protection of
                                      Not specified          LIFE+   management now tends to favour management solutions that             cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
Birds
                                                                     respect natural processes and adapt to coastal change. The           =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                     project has two main objectives. The first is to protect the         j_id=3321
                                                                     freshwater habitats from destruction as a result of coastal
                                                                     erosion; the second is to mitigate and compensate for the
                                                                     inevitable loss of important brackish marsh. The project will
Isle of Wight Council (Isle of                                       implement a ‘managed realignment’ scheme at Titchwell Marsh
                                                                     The RESPONSE project aimed to develop sustainable strategies
Wight Centre for the Coastal                                         for the management of natural hazards in coastal zones. It hoped         http://www.coastalwight.
Environment) , CNR (Consiglio                                        to demonstrate an innovative regional-scale methodology for              gov.uk/response.html ,
Nazionale delle Ricerche), Italy                                     studying coastal evolution, leading to risk mapping for coastal          Project Manager: Peter
BRGM (Bureau de Recherches                                           natural hazards taking account of the impacts of climate change.         MARSDEN
Géologiques et Minières), France                                     This risk mapping would guide local authorities and stakeholders         Tel: +441983857220
                                      Not specified          LIFE+
Regione Marche, Italy Provincia di                                   in land-use development and planning by ensuring that decisions          Fax: +441983856208
Macerata, Italy Provincia di                                         are compatible with specific local coastal conditions and likely         Email:
Pescaro e Urbino, Italy                                              future challenges. They would allow an assessment of the                 peter.mardsen@iow.gov.
Scarborough Borough Council,                                         current and predicted costs of climate change in the face of             uk ,
United Kingdom Urzad Morski w                                        inaction. The project thus sought to promote cost-effective              http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Gdyni (Maritime Office Gdynia),                                      preventative action in the field of coastal protection. Training         onment/life/project/Proje
Poland Standing Conference on                                        material and best practice advice for the end-user community
                                                                     The marsh fritillary butterfly, (Euphydryas aurinia), has suffered       cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                     a 20-50% decline in its distribution in Europe over the past 25          http://www.midcornwallm
                                                                     years. The rate of decline in the UK has been particularly severe,       oors.org.uk ,
English Nature (national authority),
                                                                     mainly as a consequence of the loss of traditional livestock             http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Highways Agency, United Kingdom
                                                                     grazing, which leads to unmanaged pastures.                              onment/life/project/Proje
Environment Agency, United
                                                                     The Breney Common and Goss and Tregoss Moors cSAC in                     cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
Kingdom Butterfly Conservation,      Not specified           LIFE+
                                                                     Cornwall, however, remains one of the marsh fritillary butterfly’s       =search.dspPage&n_pro
United Kingdom Cornwall Wildlife
                                                                     strongholds. The cSAC, consisting of two component sites 10              j_id=2509 , Project
Trust, United Kingdom (3 statutory
                                                                     km apart, is at the centre of the Mid-Cornwall Moors’ Euphydryas         Manager: Jo TRAILL
agencies, 2 NGOs, landowners)
                                                                     aurinia metapopulation. This represents 5% of the UK population          THOMSON
                                                                     and circa 1% of the estimated European population.                       Tel: 44-1726-828184/7/8
                                                                     The lifestyle of the butterfly requires conservation actions at the      Fax: +44 1726 828198
                                                                     metapopulation level. Even with the105 000 inhabitants has there
                                                                     Perpignan, a Mediterranean city of designation of a cSAC, been           Email:
                                                                     faced with agricultural land abandonment since the end of the            Project Manager: Pierre
                                                                     80's. The traditional vineyards and horticulture, once the               ROIG
                                      land owners, the               countryside at the doors of the city, have to a large extent been        Tel: +33/4/68.51.64.00
Communauté de Communes Têt-           communes, farmers,             taken over by real-estate business which, together with the              Fax: +33/4/68.51.64.19
                                                             LIFE+
Méditerranée (local authority)        associations and the           multiplication of the road infrastructure, has lead to a degraded        Email:
                                      local people                   and confusing landscape for the local population. At the same            environnement@tet-
                                                                     time, this desertion of the agricultural activity has been reinforced    mediterranee.com ,
                                                                     by the wine policy of the European Community and an ageing               http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                     rural population. Due to these factors, the imminent urbanisation        onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                                                                           The objective of the project was to protect Gallecs from urban
                                                                                                                           and industrial pressures and subsequent environmental                   http://www.espairuralgall
                                                                                                                           degradation. The aim was to strengthen the area’s function as a         ecs.net/ ; Project
                                                                                                                           “biological interface”, i.e. a buffer zone between the urban fringe     Manager: Victoria
                                                                                                                           and the countryside beyond. Improved environmental conditions           CABALLERO
                                                                                                                           were to result in a higher quality of life for the inhabitants of the   Tel: 34 (93) 5708751
Consorci de l’Espai Rural de                                                                                                                                                                       Fax: 34 (93) 5795105
                                                                                                                           areas on the outskirts of Barcelona. An integrated approach was
Gallecs" (Consortium of Gallecs’    Not specified         LIFE+                                                                                                                                    Email:
                                                                                                                           developed with a view to achieving sustainable land-use in the
Rural Areas) - local authority                                                                                                                                                                     restrada@espairuralgalle
                                                                                                                           area. The strategic plan comprised a series of actions to control
                                                                                                                           and manage urban sprawl, as well as to mitigate its detrimental         cs.net ;
                                                                                                                           impact on the environment. Activities included initiatives in the       http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                                                           following areas: the restoration of natural habitats, sustainable       onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                                                                           agricultural and forest management, the use of renewable                cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                                                                           energy, and environmental education.                                    =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                                                                           The phenomenon of intensive land occupation is translated into          j_id=2094
                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                                                           vague urban development, in which the need for services (water,         onment/life/project/Proje
Barcelona Provincial Council                                                                                               electricity, transport, etc.) is multiplied, along with fragmentation   cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
(Diputació de Barcelona) , Mollet                                                                                          and segmentation of the territory (low density residential              =search.dspPage&n_pro
del Vallès City Council, ES                                                                                                developments, diffuse industry, service and access roads, by-           j_id=1880 ,
Consortium of Baix Llobregat        Not specified         LIFE+                                                            passes and large connecting roads within the metropolitan urban         http://www.diba.es/parcs
Agricultural Park, ES Santa                                                                                                fabric with the corresponding large-format shopping centres at          /life/ ,
Coloma de Gramenet City Council,                                                                                           their crossings). This is a direct attack on bio-diversity and the      Project Manager:
ES                                                                                                                         sustainability of natural systems because of the interruption this      Ramon TERRICABRAS
                                                                                                                           represents for natural corridors, resulting in a non-viable             MARANGES
                                                                                                                           development model. The general objective was to organise in a           Tel: +34 93 40 22 483
                                                                                                                           coherent way non-development land in the Barcelona                      Fax: +34 93 40 22 887
                                                                                                                           The aim of this project was to build on the success of a previous
                                                                                                                           LIFE Nature project, which ran from 1996-99 and restored over
                                                                                                                           7,000 hectares of grassland and alvar habitats at 16 sites. EU
                                                                                                                           agri-environment schemes were then deployed to manage and               http://www.h.lst.se/h/am
 Kalmar County Administration,                                                                                             maintain the conservation status. Similar approaches were to be         nen/Natur/projekt/life_str
Lund University, Sweden Kalmar                                                                                             replicated in CAB-Kalmar’s new LIFE project which aimed to              andangar/ ,
University-Dept of Biology and     Not specified          LIFE+                                                            launch a habitat restoration programme on a further 18 sites,           http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Environmental Science, Sweden                                                                                              covering a total of 16,250 ha, this time focussing on wet               onment/life/project/Proje
Gotland University College, Sweden                                                                                         meadow, fen and lake habitats. The main threats being targeted          cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                                                                           were overgrowth by shrubs, low or no grazing or mowing impact,          =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                                                                           eutrophication of freshwater habitats and habitat decline due to        j_id=1726 ,
                                                                                                                           drainage of wetlands. Proposed actions included restoration of
                                                                                                                           five alvar lakes and clearing 2,000 ha of 'key' overgrown areas
                                                                                                                           which were characteristic of the sites’ nature conservation value.
                                                                                                                           Green spaces in and around Lyon provide ecosystem services
                                                                                                                           crucial to climate adaptation (protection against flooding,
                                                                                                                           preservation of water resources, micro-climate regulation), they
                                                                                                                           also provide positive bio-climatic effects by offering refreshment
                                                                                                                           areas, cast shadow of trees on buildings and space, Lyon even
                                                                                                                           has a "Charter of the tree", some vegetal facades even provide          Ecologic project 2314
                                                                                                                           thermo-isolation and air purification. Biodiversity adaptation is       (climate adaptation in
                                                                                                                           also considered in this context: adapted tree species are being         cities) - Lyon case study
                                                                                                                           planted in the city, and biodiversity corridors are being               SEGUR Frédéric
Lyon Greater Urban Community                              public - Lyon Greater Urban
                                    inhabitants of Lyon                                                                    maintained. Objectives: Increasing tree canopy, shade cover and         Grand Lyon - Service
(trees and landscape department)                          Community
                                                                                                                           create an urban network of green spaces. This often consists of         Arbres et Paysage
                                                                                                                           integrating trees and plants in public roads and spaces works           fsegur@grandlyon.org
                                                                                                                           planned and financed by the Grand Lyon agglomeration.                   +33 478 95 70 65
                                                                                                                           Achievements: Tree cover has doubled in 20 years. The
                                                                                                                           measure has many positive side effects and synergies with other
                                                                                                                           urban policies. This creates a need for inter-sectoral
                                                                                                                           communication and solutions. A further qualitative assessment
                                                                                                                           of the local benefits and side-effects of an increased tree is
                                                                                                                           needed.

                                                                                                                        Principal objectives are maintaining Green Infrastructure
                                                                                                                        particularly that associated with the key core area and improving
                                                                                                                        connectivity and multi -functionality of the Green Infrastructure
                                                                                                                        network as an amenity.                                                     COMHAR SDC (2010)
                                                                                        this is a pilot study - best
                                                                                                                        Priority should be given to managing the key features of Green             Creating Green
                                                                                        practice cases of a GI planning
                                                                                                                        Infrastructure to maximise their ecosystem functions, particularly         Infrastructure for
not specified                       recreational users    not specified                 approach : it is not clear from
                                                                                                                        the designated sites. Resources should be available to                     Ireland. Enhancing
                                                                                        the source used in how far the
                                                                                                                        implement actions in management plans for designated sites                 natural capital for
                                                                                        measures will be implemented
                                                                                                                        which support sustainable development.                                     human wellbeing.
                                                                                                                        St Anne’s Park, should be presented as a community resource
                                                                                                                        with additional resources made available to expand its services
                                                                                                                        and improve its biodiversity value.
                                                                                        this is a pilot study: it is not
                                                                                                                           Within this pilot area the principal objective is to develop the
                                                                                        clear from the source used in                                                                              COMHAR SDC (2010)
                                                                                                                           network of peatlands, to maximise its value for amenity,
                                                                                        how far the measures are                                                                                   Creating Green
                                                                                                                           biodiversity, and sustainable development.
users and farmers of the                                                                planned as a best practice                                                                                 Infrastructure for
                                                          not specified                                                    Resources should be available to implement actions in
surounding area                                                                         example GI planning and to                                                                                 Ireland. Enhancing
                                                                                                                           management plans for designated sites and measures within the
                                                                                        what extent they will be                                                                                   natural capital for
                                                                                                                           River Basin Management Plan to improve water quality and to
                                                                                        implemented and with what                                                                                  human wellbeing.
                                                                                                                           support sustainable development.
                                                                                        means
                                                                                                                                  To construct and preserve a coherent corridor from the Alps to
                                                                                                                                  the Carpathians. In a feasibility study with Austrian and
                                                                                                                                  Slovakian partners key actions to re-establish and maintain the
                                                                                                                                                                                                        www.alpenkarpatenkorrid
                                                                                                                                  corridor have been identified.From 2009-2012 implementation
                                                                                                                                                                                                        or.at; Ms. Sylvia Hysek
                                                                                                                                  measures are planned within the framework of a cross-border
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (Project Manager)
                                                                                                                                  and cross-sectoral project.Cornerstones of this project are
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Weinviertelmanagement
an initiative of the Donau-Auen                                                                                                   improvements in the traffic network by building ‘green bridges’
                                                                                                                                                                                                        sylvia.hysek@euregio-
National Park and the Austrian                                ERDF (the Alpine                                                    over highways at key points/bottlenecks as well the creation of
                                                                                                                                                                                                        weinviertel.eu; European
Federal Ministry for Traffic,                                 Carpathian Project - under                                          suitable habitat patches or stepping stones.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Environmental Bureau
Innovation and Technology, a                                  the European Territorial                                            Objectives: Implementation of trans-sectoral activities to protect
                                   not specified                                                                                                                                                        (2008) Building Green
broad partnership of organisations                            Cooperation objective of the                                        ecological networks; Enable migration and genetical exchange
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Infrastructure for
including environmental NGOs and                              European Regional                                                   between wild animal populations; Strengthening a coherent
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Europe, Special Report,
hunters, supported by the Austrian                            Development Fund)                                                   management of protetion areas and supporting a sustainable
                                                                                                                                                                                                        EEB PUBLICATION
and Slovakian road authorities                                                                                                    development of the region; Contribution to the prevention of car
                                                                                                                                                                                                        NUMBER 2008/017;
                                                                                                                                  accidents involving wild animals
                                                                                                                                                                                                        OR Gerhard Egger -
                                                                                                                                  Activities: Planning of a wildlife crossing in cooperation with
                                                                                                                                                                                                        WWF Österreich
                                                                                                                                  wildlife ecologists and in the projects further course its
                                                                                                                                                                                                        gerhard.egger@wwf.at
                                                                                                                                  construction across the highway A4; professional monitoring of
                                                                                                                                  the construction work



                                                                                                                                  In 1989 BUND initiated the project Green Belt in Germany,
                                                                                                                                  which aims to preserve and develop valuable habitats along the
                                                                                                                                  former inner-German border.Since 1989 BUND and other                  European Environmental
                                                                                                                                  organisations have carried out conservation activities and            Bureau (2008) Building
                                                                                                                                  projects, political lobbying and public relations work to make        Green Infrastructure for
BUND and other NGOs                                           private (NGO)
                                                                                                                                  preservation of the Green Belt a reality. Since 2000 BUND has         Europe, Special Report,
                                                                                                                                  purchased land in six places in Germany and carried out               EEB PUBLICATION
                                                                                                                                  measures like the restoration of wetlands and riverbanks, the         NUMBER 2008/017
                                                                                                                                  transformation from arable land to grassland and special
                                                                                                                                  measures for highly endangered species.



                                                                                                                                                                                                        European Environmental
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Bureau (2008) Building
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Green Infrastructure for
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Europe, Special Report,
                                                                                                                                                                                                        EEB PUBLICATION
                                                                                                                                  In a joint initiative, a number of Dutch conservation organisations
                                                                                                                                                                                                        NUMBER 2008/017
                                                                                                                                  and the state forest board are proposing the development of
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Natuurmonumenten and
                                                                                                                                  multi-functional natural climate buffers, which should increase
                                                                                                                                                                                                        partners, 2008. More
Network of projects of Dutch                                                                                                      the amount of space available in this densely populated country
                                     tourists, residents of   public/ private (NGO and                                                                                                                  Nature, Dry Feet: Six
conservation organisations and the                                                                                                to deal with more water while at the same time providing
                                     the area                 private investers (?))                                                                                                                    Dutch nature
state forest board                                                                                                                opportunities for recreation and innovations in housing such as
                                                                                                                                                                                                        conservation
                                                                                                                                  floating houses. Part of this initiative is a set of projects which
                                                                                                                                                                                                        organisations propose
                                                                                                                                  will restore the connections between the Netherlands’ largest
                                                                                                                                                                                                        natural climate buffers
                                                                                                                                  forest complex, the 100,000 hectares Veluwe.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        for a safer and more
                                                                                                                                                                                                        beautiful country.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Available online at
                                                                                                                                                                                                        http://www.eeb.org/activit
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ies/biodiversity


                                                                                             this was a research                                                                                       Alterra (2008),
                                                                                             project/study - without direct                                                                            RESTORING
                                                                                             implementation, which should                                                                              ECOLOGICAL
BG Ministry of Environment and
                                                                                             lead up to the Development of                                                                             NETWORKS ACROSS
Water
                                                                                             a National Policy Plan for                                                                                TRANSPORT
BG Ministry of Transport                                                                                                          Analysis of species migration needs and bottlenecks in Bulgaria
                                                              Dutch Bulgarian partnership    Habitat De-fragmentation                                                                                  CORRIDORS IN
BG Ministry of Regional                                                                                                           and associated costs (research project)
                                                                                             across Transport Corridors in                                                                             BULGARIA,
Development and Public Works
                                                                                             the Republic of Bulgaria                                                                                  Identification of
BG State Forest Agency                                                                       (Check?)                                                                                                  bottleneck locations and
                                                                                             Provides good overview of types of
                                                                                                                                                                                                       practical solutions, Юни
                                                                                             artifical GI elements related to
                                                                                             transport.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       2008 г. / June 2008,
                                                                                                                                  The objectives of the business park are to create employment, to Wageningen UR.
                                                                                                                                  obtain capital receipts from the disposal of the plots, to maintain
                                                         Joint venture between                                                    a high quality office environment, to raise the profile of the area,
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Landscape Institute
                                                         Crewe and Nantwich                                                       to be a catalyst for inward investment, to deliver an innovative
                                                                                                                                                                                                       (2009) Green
                                                         Borough Council and the                                                  concept and to provide value for money.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       infrastructure:
Joint venture between Crewe and      Employers/Employees former Cheshire County                                                   Planning the landscape structure to sustain wildlife, creating an
                                                                                                                                                                                                       connected and
Nantwich Borough Council and the     , community around  Council The costs of the                                                 attractive setting and investing in links with the local community
                                                                                                                                                                                                       multifunctional
former Cheshire County Council       the park            infrastructure and proceeds                                              was seen as fundamental to achieving these objectives.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       landscapes.
                                                         from disposals were shared                                               The park’s inception was over 20 years ago and the approach,
                                                                                                                                                                                                       www.cheshireeast.gov.u
                                                         on a 50/50 basis between                                                 which is a true exemplar of multifunctional GI, was radical for its
                                                                                                                                                                                                       k
                                                         the two authorities.                                                     time and has been proven a success. The objectives set out
                                                                                                                                  above have been achieved.
                                                                                                                                  The park is well-managed through the service charge, which
                                                                                                                                  results in high standards and quality being maintained. Public
                                                                                             Lack of clarity between                  Project aims:                                                           Forestry Commission
Public/private partnership between                                                           sources on when the project                                                                                      (2008). Ingrebourne Hill
                                                                                                                                      Restore a brwonfield site to community woodland
Ingrebourne Valley Limited and the                                                           started 2003 or 2006…                                                                                            through Time...
                                                                 Forestry Commission and                                              Engage local communities in design, delivery and management
Forestry Commission.                                                                         Recommendations:                                                                                                 delivering greenspace in
                                        locally deprived         "Communities and Local                                               creat new habitats adjacent to a local nature reserve
Local residents and schools were                                                             Further funding streams are rquired to                                                                           Thames Chase 1998-
                                        communities              governments" Thames         continue converion of brownfield sites   develop recreational infrastructure to consolidate existing GI
conulted and ivolved in design and                                                                                                                                                                            2008. Foresttry
                                                                 Gateway Delivery unit       to GI                                    adjacent to a park
establishment activities (planting of                                                        Capital regenartion grants require                                                                               Commision, Edinburgh
                                                                                                                                      promote heritage of the site
trees)                                                                                       revenue funidng for on-going                                                                                     Forest Research (2008)
                                                                                                                                      provide long term benefits to locally deprived communities
                                                                                             maintenance                                                                                                      Improving quality of
                                                                                                                                      The LIFE-Nature part of the project aimed to create a 660ha
coordinator: Dienst Landelijk                                                                                                         large freshwater tidal landscape. Three spheres have been
Gebied (the Government Service                                                                                                        created, where nature, recreation and the cultural remains of the
for Land and Water Management -                                                                                                       history all have their place. Nature dominates the largest part         http://ec.europa.eu/envir
DLG) : an agency of the Ministry of                                                                                                   called ‘the Wilderness’ (Wildernis). The central and easily             onment/life/project/Proje
Agriculture, Nature and Food                                                                                                          accessible part demonstrates the richness of the ecology called         cts/index.cfm ,
                                        tourists, inhabitants
Quality (LNV). Partners:                                         LIFE+                                                                ‘the Wealth’ (Weelde). These two spheres were part of the LIFE-         deltanatuur
                                        of the rotterdam area
Deltanatuur, The Netherlands                                                                                                          project. Parallel to the LIFE project, the eastern part of the island   http://www.tiengemeten.
Rijkswaterstaat,                                                                                                                      would have been restored to its original state, traditional             deltanatuur.nl/content.as
Natuurmonumenten (NGO),                                                                                                               farmland. This part of the island (about 40 ha) is called ‘the          p
Province of Zuid-Holland, The                                                                                                         landscape of Nostalgia’ (Weemoed). The largest part of
Netherlands                                                                                                                           Tiengemeten, the Wilderness, is now directly connected with the
                                                                                                                                      Haringvliet estuary by a large tidal creek. The surrounding dyke


                                                                                                                                      The general objective of this demonstration project was to
                                                                                                                                      identify methods whereby agriculture in the Doñaña area can be
Coordinator: ASAJA Sevilla, a                                                                                                         carried out with greater consideration for the local environment.
professional farmers’ organisation                                                                                                    The specific objectives were: 1) Strengthening the active
                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://ec.europa.eu/envir
with 10,000 crop                                                                                                                      participation of farmers in adopting agronomic techniques that
                                        Farmers to some                                                                                                                                                       onment/life/project/Proje
farmer members in Sevilla                                        LIFE+                                                                are environmentally compatible and sustainable (2) Improving the
                                        extent                                                                                                                                                                cts/index.cfm,
Province, Partners: Diputación                                                                                                        sustainability of woodland farms through efficient management of
                                                                                                                                                                                                              www.forodelolivar.com.
Provincial de Sevilla Opracol,                                                                                                        land and water resources; (3) Reducing the contamination of
Sevilla Syngenta-Agro S.A                                                                                                             surface and underground water by pollutants coming from
                                                                                                                                      agricultural soils; (4) To increase civil participation in the
                                                                                                                                      conservation of important sites, Natura 2000.


                                                                                                                                                                                                              EEB (2008) Building
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Green Infrastructure in
Donau-Auen National Park,                                                                                                                                                                                     Europe. Specila Report.
Austrian Federal Ministry for           Austrian and                                                                                  The aim of the project is to safeguard the ecological connectivity      http://www.eeb.org/?Link
Traffic, Innovation and Technology      Slovakian                                                                                     between the Alps and the Carpathians and enable migration of            ServID=D6C04CC4-
(also a broad partnership of            populations, visitors                                                                         wildlife and exchanges between animal populations. A coherent           ACFA-05CC-
                                                                 ERDF
organisations including                 to the Alps and the                                                                           corridor between the two is planned, including improving the            F9B123536A9D5F96&s
environmental NGOs and                  Carpathian mountain                                                                           traffic network by building ‘green bridges’ over highways, as well      howMeta=0
hunters, supported by the Austrian      ranges.                                                                                       as the creation of suitable habitat patches along the highways.
and Slovakian road authorities)                                                                                                                                                                                           Pieter de
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Pous, EEB Biodiversity
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Policy Offi cer,
                                                                                                                                      The aim of the project is that all the species of flora and fauna       EEB (2008) Building
                                        Population of                                                                                 that constitute the natural diversity of the Alps are in good           Green Infrastructure in
Alpine Network of Protected Areas       Austrian-German                                                                               condition and benefit from a high degree of habitat connectivity.       Europe. Specila Report.
(ALPARC), CIPRA, the                    border region of                                                                              The project has created a common Alps-wide framework in                 http://www.eeb.org/?Link
International Scientific Committee      Salzburg-                Swiss MAVA Foundation for                                            which people can take measures at the local level to protect or         ServID=D6C04CC4-
for Alpine Research (ISCAR) and         Berchtesgaden,           Nature                                                               restore corridors between the habitats of the flora and fauna.          ACFA-05CC-
the European Alpine Programme of        Eastern Austrian                                                                              The initiative is focused on the following targets:                     F9B123536A9D5F96&s
the WWF.                                region, Italian region                                                                        • Initiating, promoting and mentoring activities;                       howMeta=0
                                        of South Tirol.                                                                               • Providing know-how; and,
                                                                                                                                      • Awareness building.                                                              Pieter de
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Pous, EEB Biodiversity
                                                                                                                                                                                                            http://www.lpn.pt/LPNPo
                                        Populations of south                                                                                                                                                rtal/DesktopModules/Proj
                                        east Portugal and                                                                                                                                                   ectoDetalhes.aspx?ItemI
                                        south west Spain (in                                                                                                                                                d=110&Mid=40&tindex=
                                        the Sierra Morena                                                                             The aim of the project was to increase the numbers of the             27&tid=20 EEB
                                        Oriental at the                                                                               Iberian Lynx, by establishing a corridor of suitable habitat to allow (2008) Building Green
Liga para a Protecção da Natureza                                                            Most activity to date has
                                        Parque Natural de la     LIFE+                                                                for the reconnection of currently isolated lynx populations.          Infrastructure in Europe.
(LPN), Fauna & Flora International                                                           occured in Natura 2000 sites
                                        Sierra de Andújar                                                                             Actions include increasing the numbers of wild rabbits (the           Specila Report.
                                        and in                                                                                        Lynx's prey), awareness raising, and working with local people.       http://www.eeb.org/?Link
                                        south-western                                                                                                                                                       ServID=D6C04CC4-
                                        Andalusia at Parque                                                                                                                                                 ACFA-05CC-
                                        Nacional Doñana                                                                                                                                                     F9B123536A9D5F96&s
                                                                                                                                                                                                            howMeta=0
                                                                                             The project is focused on                                                                                      BUND - Friends of the
                                                                                             improving the habitat                                                                                          Earth Germany
                                                                                             connectivity for the wild cat            The aim of the initiative is to create a biotope network of 20,000    Am Köllnischen Park 1
Friends of the Earth Germany /          Population of                                        population in Germany by                 km to link up Germany’s forest areas. The project is starting to      10179 Berlin
                                                                 LIFE+
BUND                                    Germany                                              linking areas of forest with             connect forest areas within regions, and the next step will be to     Fon +49(0)30/27 58 64
                                                                                             forest corridors. It is likely that      connect between the regions.                                          96
                                                                                             this will have multiple benefits                                                                               christiane.bohn@bund.n
                                                                                             in terms of ES.                                                                                                et
                                                                                                                                                                                                            http://www.bund.net/bun
                                                                                                                        The overall goal of the Programme is to establish the Green Belt
                                                                                                                        as the backbone of an ecological network running from the
                                                                                                                        Barents to the Black Sea spanning some of the most important
                                                                                                                        habitats for biodiversity and almost all distinct biogeographical     The IUCN Green Belt
                                                                                         Project is a multi-stakeholder
                                                                                                                        regions in Europe. The initiative is intended to improve the          Coordination Office
                                                                                         initiative that combined and
                                                                                                                        harmonisation between human activities with the natural               IUCN Programme
Federal Agency for Nature                                                                coordinates projects from
                                                                                                                        environment, and to increase opportunities for the socio-             Office for South-Eastern
Conservation (Germany), ICUN,                                                            across Europe, linked to the
                                     Population of Europe                                                               economic development of local communities. The Green Belt             Europe
EuroNatur, Friends of the Earth                                                          old 'Iron Curtain' border.
                                                                                                                        network contributes to the conservation of biodiversity by            Dr. Ivana Ribara 91
Germany / BUND,                                                                          Projects are many and varied,
                                                                                                                        harmonising management methods on both sides of the old               11070 Belgrade / Serbia
                                                                                         with connectivity between
                                                                                                                        east/west border in Europe. It connects National Parks, Nature        Tel: + 381-11-2272-411
                                                                                         green areas a common feature.
                                                                                                                        Parks, Biosphere Reserves and transboundary protected areas           Fax: + 381-11-2272-351
                                                                                                                        as well as non-protected areas along or across borders and it         see@iucn.org
                                                                                                                        supports regional development initiatives based on nature
                                                                                                                        conservation.


                                                                                                                                                                                              EEB (2008) Building
                                                                                                                                                                                              Green Infrastructure in
                                                                                                                                                                                              Europe. Specila Report.
                                                                                                                                                                                              , EEB Biodiversity Policy
                                                                                                                                                                                              Offi cer,
                                                                                                                                                                                              pieter.depous@eeb.org
                                                                                                                         A joint initiative between a number of Dutch conservation            European Environmental
                                                                                                                         organisations and the state forest board to develop multi-           Bureau (EEB)
                                                                                                                         functional natural climate buffers to increase the space available   Federation of
State forest board, "number of       Population of
                                                                                                                         for flood storage. This space is also intended to provide            Environmental Citizens
Dutch conservation organisations".   Netherlands
                                                                                                                         opportunities for recreation and innovations in housing, such as     Organisations
                                                                                                                         floating houses. The project will also restore the connections       Boulevard de Waterloo
                                                                                                                         between the Netherlands’ largest forest complex.                     34 | B-1000 Brussels |
                                                                                                                                                                                               Belgium
                                                                                                                                                                                              Tel.: +32 2 289 1090 |
                                                                                                                                                                                              Fax: +32 2 289 1099
                                                                                                                                                                                              E-mail: eeb@eeb.org
                                                                                                                                                                                              Website: www.eeb.org



                                                                                                                         The ultimate aim of this LIFE project was the long-term         EEB (2008) Building
                                                                                                                         preservation of a favourable conservation status for Falco      Green Infrastructure in
Elleniki Etaireia,                                                                                                       eleonorae in Greece and the Mediterranean.                      Europe. Specila Report.
the Society for Environment &                                                                                                                                                            http://www.eeb.org/?Link
Heritage                             Population of Skros                                                                 The project was to take place in nine island special protection ServID=D6C04CC4-
and the Hellenic Ornithological      Island in the Agean     LIFE+                                                       areas (SPAs) in the Aegean and in Crete. These islands host the ACFA-05CC-
Society                              Sea                                                                                 most important colonies of the species in Greece and account    F9B123536A9D5F96&s
(a member of Birdlife                                                                                                    for about 35% of the world population.                          howMeta=0
International)
                                                                                                                         The project expected to:                                                          Pieter de
                                                                                                                         # effectively assess the present population status of Falco         Pous, EEB Biodiversity
                                                                                                                         eleonorae inis intended to developthe other Mediterranean
                                                                                                                         The project Greece as well as in green and blue infrastructure      Policy Offi cer,
                                                                                                                                                                                             Christian BARTHOD
                                                                                                                         in France. It is an ecological project that includes Natura 2000    (MEEDDAT) Michel
Ministry of the Environment,                                                                                             sites, and also a land use planning project. It made several        DESHAYES
Cemagref (government agency                                                                                              recommendations that were incorporated into a legally binding       (Cemagref) http://green-
specialised in land management)                              National / local public                                     proposal that was discussed by the French Parliament in June        infrastructure-
                                     Population of France                                                                2009. Seven goals for the green and blue infrastructure were        europe.org/download/8%
HNHN (biodiversity), ONEMA                                   organisations
(water management) and SETRA                                                                                             identified;                                                         209%20C%20Barthold%
(transportation infrastructure)                                                                                          1) To diminish the fragmentation and vulnerability of natural       20M%20Deshayes%20T
                                                                                                                         habitats and species;                                               he%20French%20Ecolo
                                                                                                                         2) To identify and connect important natural units using            gical%20Network.pdf
                                                                                                                         corridors;                                                          Emails for contacts : •
                                                                                                                                                                                             Kalev SEPP, Mart
                                                                                                                                                                                             Kulvik. Institute of
                                                                                                                                                                                             Agricultural and
                                                                                                                                                                                             Environmental
                                                                                                                                                                                             Sciences, Estonian
ICUN, National, County and                                                                                               Project to map ecological network in Estonia, at national, regional
                                                                                                                                                                                             University of Life
Municipal authorities, Department                            Ministry of Environment,                                    and local level. Application of a number of techniques, including
                                     Population of Estonia                                                                                                                                   Sciences. http://green-
of Strategy and Planning, Ministry                           ICUN                                                        stakeholder consultation, to determine how green areas are used
                                                                                                                                                                                             infrastructure-
of Environment                                                                                                           and ES derived.
                                                                                                                                                                                             europe.org/download/10
                                                                                                                                                                                             %2011%20K%20Sepp%
                                                                                                                                                                                             20M%20Kylvik%20%20
                                                                                                                                                                                             Estonia%20the%20Gree
                                                                                                                                                                                             n%20Network.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                              Dr. Peter Finck
                                                                                                                                                                                              Federal Agency for
                                                                                                                         Project is a long term initiative to improve the quality and
                                                                                                                                                                                              Nature Conservation
                                                                                                                         connectivity of the ecological network in Germany. It is legally
                                                                                                                                                                                              Bonn, Germany
                                                                                                                         binding but there is no deadline for implementation. There are
Federal Agency for Nature            Population of           Federal Agency for Nature                                                                                                        http://green-
                                                                                                                         actions underway at the national, regional and local level to
Conservation (Germany)               Germany                 Conservation (Germany)                                                                                                           infrastructure-
                                                                                                                         improve habitat connectivity. There are also actions to improve
                                                                                                                                                                                              europe.org/download/12
                                                                                                                         connectivity with other EU member states that share a border
                                                                                                                                                                                              %20Peter%20Finck%20
                                                                                                                         with Germany.
                                                                                                                                                                                              German%20Ecological%
                                                                                                                                                                                              20Networks.pdf
                                                                                                                            The Project The Long Preston Wet Grassland Project aims to           Dave Tayler
                                                                                                                            improve the wildlife value of the Ribble floodplain at Long          Deputy Director
                                                                                                                            Preston. The area floods every year, providing valuable habitat      Yorkshire Dales
Natural England, Royal Society for                                                                                          for wading birds and aquatic plants. The land is owned and           Millennium Trust
the Protection of Birds,                                                                                                    managed by local farmers, who play a vital role in the project.      Tel: 015242 51002
Environment Agency, North             Population of                                                                         The Long Preston Wet Grassland Project is working with local         Email:david.tayler@ydmt
                                                              Natural England
Yorkshire County Council,             Yorkshire England                                                                     farmers to bring the grassland in the floodplain into favourable     .org
Yorkshire Dales Milennium Trust,                                                                                            management for wildlife. The restoration works have been             http://www.longpreston.i
farmers                                                                                                                     funded by Natural England’s Environmental Stewardship                nfo/deeps/deeps.html
                                                                                                                            Scheme and have so far included:
                                                                                                                            • installing sluices to control water levels                         http://www.longpreston.i
                                                                                                                            • creating scrapes and foot drains to provide feeding habitat for    nfo/deeps/Business%20
                                                                                                                            Farming Floodplains for the Future is an important national pilot
                                                                                                                            project. Its aim has been to understand, through delivery, how
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Matt Jones
                                                                                                                            the farmed landscape can be viably managed in ways that
                                                                                                                                                                                                 (Wetlands Officer)
Staffordshire Wildlife Trust,                                                                                               reduce flood risk downstream, whilst enhancing the natural
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Tel (Direct) : 01889
Farming Floodplains for the Future,   Residents of                                                                          environment. It featured eight demonstration sites in a series of
                                                                                                                                                                                                 880142
Environment Agency, Natural           Staffordshire and                                   There are eight individual case   case studies, and showed how farmers and landowners can be
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Mob : 07970 062320
England, the Sow and Penk             urban population        Natural England             studies detailing specific        engaged in flood risk management, and with the right incentives,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 E-mail : m.jones@staffs-
Internal Drainage Board,              downstream of                                       projects under the initiative     be encourages to implement flood-alleviation measures.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 wildlife.org.uk
Staffordshire County Council and      floodplain                                                                            The project demonstrated how simple, natural, low-tech solutions
                                                                                                                                                                                                 http://www.ontrent.org.uk
Staffordshire FWAG                                                                                                          can deliver sustainable, cost-effective flood management
                                                                                                                                                                                                 /youcando/farmingfloodpl
                                                                                                                            solutions that require minimal maintenance and fit comfortably
                                                                                                                                                                                                 ains.php
                                                                                                                            alongside existing farm enterprises.


                                                                                                                                                                                                 Parc naturel régional du
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Queyras
                                                                                                                                                                                                 La Ville
                                                                                                                                                                                                 F-05350, Arvieux
                                      Visitors to Vosges of                                                                 The initiative improved the links between two territories that share France
Parc naturel régional du Queyras,     Northern France,                                                                      a natural area, but are separated by regional and national           Directeur
                                                              INTERREG, LIFE (and
Parc naturel régional des Vosges      Palatinate Forest of                                                                  boundaries. Links were improved in two regions, between              Jacques, VALLET
                                                              other)
du Nord                               Germany, the                                                                          France and Germany, and between France and Italy. Signage            Tel.: +33 (0) 4 92 46 88
                                      Piedmont in Italy.                                                                    was improved, and cross-border tours established.                    20
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Fax: +33 (0) 4 92 46 88
                                                                                                                                                                                                 29
                                                                                                                                                                                                 E-Mail: j.vallet@pnr-
                                                                                                                                                                                                 queyras.fr
                                                                                                                                                                                                 http://ec.europa.eu/regio
la Garrotxa District Council,                                                                                               The project focused on reducing the risk of flooding and forest
                                                                                                                                                                                                 nal_policy/projects/storie
Garrotxa Volcanic Natural Park, the                                                                                         fires. Actions included cleaning river banks, developing a county-
                                    Population of la                                                                                                                                             s/details_new.cfm?pay=
Illa de Fluvià Nature Reserve and                                                                                           wide plan for the prevention of fires, upgrading rural roads,
                                    Garrotxa Spain                                                                                                                                               ES&the=72&sto=1813&l
the Plan for Sites of Natural                                                                                               constructing water pools and managing combustible vegetable
                                                                                                                                                                                                 an=7&region=ALL&obj=
Interest in Catalonia (PEIN)                                                                                                mass.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 ALL&per=2&defL=EN

                                                                                                                                                                                               SGAR - Préfecture de la
                                                                                                                                                                                               région Midi-Pyrénées
                                                                                                                                                                                               1, place Saint-Étienne
                                                                                                                            Protecting mountainous terrain from erosion and improving the      F-31038, Toulouse
                                      Population of                                                                         local environment was the main goal of the Ecovars project         Cedex 9
                                      Bagnères de Bigorre,                                                                  undertaken by the Pyrenean Botanical Conservatory. Backed by       France
Pyrenean Botanical Conservatory,
                                      Midi-Pyrénées,       ERDF (and other undefined                                        EU support, this project involved the restoration of plant cover   Responsable de la
French national institue of
                                      France, tourists and funding)                                                         following various types of construction work. By replanting seeds  communication des
agronomy (INRA)
                                      businesses that                                                                       at newly developed ski resorts and on the sides of newly built     programmes européens
                                      operate in the area                                                                   roads, this project sought to protect and improve the Pyrenees by  Mathilde, Blaya
                                                                                                                            restoring its verdant alpine grasslands.                           Tel.: +33 (0)5 34 45 33
                                                                                                                                                                                               28
                                                                                                                                                                                               E-Mail:
                                                                                                                                                                                               mathilde.blaya@midi-
                                                                                                                            The aim of the project is to protect a sandy barrier beach on      Prefect of the
                                                                                                                            France’s Mediterranean coast from erosion. It will ensure the      Languedoc-Roussillon
                                                                                                                            protection of local ecological features and develop other features Region
                                                                                                                            for enjoyment by locals and tourists.                              SGAR Languedoc-
                                      Local population of                                                                   The project will preserve the current site and control of the      Roussillon
Languedoc-Roussillon Region           Languedoc-              ERDF (and other undefined                                     damaging erosion process by;                                       Place des Martyrs de la
SGAR Languedoc-Roussillon             Roussillon Region,      funding)                                                      • Unloading huge volumes of sand;                                  Résistance - 3
                                      tourists to the area                                                                  • Pushing the road system back away from the beach area; and, AL-062 MONTPELLIER
                                                                                                                            • Re-establishing a dune ridge at the upper part of the beach.     Cedex 2,
                                                                                                                            The ridge will be 2-3 metres in height and 20 metres in width, the MONTPELLIER
                                                                                                                            beach area some 70 metres in width, offering more space for        Albania
                                                                                                                            visitors.R                                                         Tel.: +33 (0)4 67 61 69
                                                                                                                                                                                               01
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Restoration and
                                                                                                                            The Baltic Sea coastline in Lithuania was threatened by a            preservation of the
                                                                                                                            gradual erosion process over several decades. The aim of this        Baltic Sea coast line
                                                                                                                            project was to reverse this trend by reinforcing the dunes,          Algirdas, Butkeviciusv
                                      Tourists to Baltic
                                                                                                                            constructing walkways and providing information on the               E-Mail: albutk@lrs.lt
                                      coastline, population   ERDF (and other undefined
Klaipeda County, EU                                                                                                         coastline. This aim was achieved, and in addition, there were        http://ec.europa.eu/regio
                                      with enhanced flood     funding)
                                                                                                                            positive effects for local businesses as more tourists came to       nal_policy/projects/storie
                                      risk protection
                                                                                                                            enjoy the coast. Biodiversity of the coast line has improved; the    s/details_new.cfm?pay=
                                                                                                                            installation of fences has provided protection for animals, water,   LT&the=72&sto=1684&l
                                                                                                                            plants and birds.                                                    an=7&region=ALL&obj=
                                                                                                                                                                                                 ALL&per=2&defL=EN
                                                                                                                           The aim of the project was to bring nature into urban areas
                                                                                                                           throughout Manchester, Trafford and Salford in England. The
                                                                                                                           objectives were to:
                                                                                                                           • To bring nature to the urban sprawl of inner city Manchester,
                                                                                                                           Trafford and Salford;                                                 Pete Stringer Tel: 0161
Manchester City Council
                                                                                                                           • To help people feel better about themselves and the places          872 1660
Trafford Borough Council
                                                                                                                           where they live; and,                                                 pete@redrose.forestco.u
Community Technical Aid Centre       Local population
                                                                                                                           • To educate people about the health benefits of having trees and     k
Groundwork
                                                                                                                           shrubs in their urban environment.                                    www.forestry.gov.uk/engl
United Utilities plc.
                                                                                                                           The projects have improved the local urban environment by             and
                                                                                                                           planting trees and greening walls and gable ends. The project is
                                                                                                                           part of a long-term initiative to make the least wooded landscape
                                                                                                                           in Europe a greener and better place to live.



Broxtowe Borough Council, British
                                                                                                                           This project will deliver a walking and cycling trail, as well as
Waterways, Nottinghamshire
                                                                                                                           major benefits for wildlife, encouraging health living and helping    Greg Phillips, 6Cs GI
County Council, Derbyshire County
                                                                                                                           to connect local communities. The trail will run alongside a          Development Co-
Council, Nottinghamshire Wildlife Population along
                                                             East Midlands Regional                                        series of canals, and is intended to create a high profile local      ordinator on 0116 305
Trust, Derbyshire Wildlife Trust, canal in
                                                             Authority                                                     attraction giving the area strong identity. The scheme will also      7851.http://www.emgin.c
and Erewash Borough Council,      Nottinghamshire
                                                                                                                           raise awareness of the biodiversity within the valley, identify       o.uk/default.asp?PageID
Environment Agency, Natural
                                                                                                                           areas for enhancement, and highlight opportunities for exercise       =225&n=6C+Contact
England, Sustrans and Nottingham
                                                                                                                           and potential walking / cycling routes.
City Council.


                                                                                                                           A Natural Development' aims to demonstrate the contribution the
                                                                                                                           natural environment can make to urban regeneration. The
                                                                                                                           partnership highlights best practice and raise the standard of
                                                                                          Specific objective: To                                                                                 http://www.naturalenglan
Natural England, and specific                                                                                              design and delivery for green infrastructure. The project hopes to
                                                                                          demonstrate how development                                                                            d.org.uk/ourwork/plannin
project partners (e.g. Arup, Barking                                                                                       ensure that green infrastructure is woven into urban
                                     Local populations                                    can incorporate green                                                                                  gtransportlocalgov/greeni
Riverside, Land Securities and                                                                                             development, either by incorporating it into new developments or
                                                                                          infrastructure in practice (95                                                                         nfrastructure/naturaldeve
Countryside Properties0                                                                                                    by adapting existing buildings or areas, to deliver locally
                                                                                          projects)                                                                                              lopment/default.aspx
                                                                                                                           distinctive places that work with nature to deliver a wide range of
                                                                                                                           benefits: for health and wellbeing, climate change adaptation and
                                                                                                                           reconnecting people with nature.




                                     Most deprived                                                                         Cydcoed was a £16 million programme that gave 100% grants to
                                     communities and                                                                       163 community groups across the Objective 1 (West Wales and
                                                             EU (under Objective 1,                                                                                                              Benefits of GI
                                     communities where                                                                     the Valleys) region. The core objectives of Cydcoed were to use
Forest Research, Farnham,                                    Priority 5, Measure 3);                                                                                                             Knowledge Portal ;
                                     the population has no                                                                 community forestry to deliver social inclusion and to create social
Forestry Commission Wales,                                   Welsh Assembly Pathways                                                                                                             http://www.eforestry.gov.
                                     access to community                                                                   capital; to help create and maintain high capacity community
Cydcoed Officers                                             to Prosperity Grant                                                                                                                 uk/forestdss/webpages/b
                                     greenspace for                                                                        groups able to influence decision about their locality; woods that
                                                             Programme                                                                                                                           gi/home.jsp
                                     relaxation and                                                                        provide long term social, economic and environmental benefits
                                     exercise                                                                              and; individuals able to play a positive role in their communities.




                                                                                                                           Sheffield Botanical Gardens ia a 19 acre garden, containing a         NAO "Enhancing Urban
                                                                                                                           large collection of listed buildings. The buildings had become        Green Space" 2006
                                                            Heritage Lottery Grant and
Sheffield City Council, Sheffield                                                                                          derelict, whilst the planting had become overgrown and the            http://www.official-
                                     Residents of Sheffield locally raised funds and
Botanical Gardens Trust                                                                                                    landscape design had been lost. Sheffield City Council sought to      documents.gov.uk/docu
                                                            sponsorship
                                                                                                                           restore the site in order to create a centre for horticultural        ment/hc0506/hc09/0935/
                                                                                                                           excellence and educational opportunities.                             0935.asp



                                                                                                                           A 10 year public-private partnership between The London
                                                                                                                           Borough of Lewisham and Glendale Grounds Management                   NAO "Enhancing Urban
                                                                                                                           for the management and maintenance of the council’s 43 parks.         Green Space" 2006
Public-private partnership between   Communities in the
                                                                                                                           The contract is innovative in approach in that it covers the total    http://www.official-
London Borough of Lewisham and       London Borough of       Public-private partnership
                                                                                                                           management of the parks service including parks patrols and the       documents.gov.uk/docu
Glendale Grounds Management          Lewisham
                                                                                                                           events programme. Resulted in new facilities in the parks,            ment/hc0506/hc09/0935/
                                                                                                                           improved signage and improvements to park infrastructure              0935.asp
                                                                                                                           including footpaths, walkways and play areas.
                                                         One North East through the
                                                         Single                                                                                                                              The contribution of the
                                                         Programme – £2,382,890;                                         Development work included improved access, tree planting and        local environment to the
Riverside Park Business Forum,
                                 Business and            Middlesbrough Council –                                         landscaping, and specific courtyard improvements.                   local economy, CLES
One North East, Middlesbrough
                                 communities in the      £275,284; ERDF –                                                Over 1800 trees were planted and improvements made to               (2007)
Council, ERDF, Groundwork, Sport
                                 area                    £189,732; Sport         ‐                                       Teessaurus Park, the picnic area and park that is part of the       http://www.markettownre
England
                                                         England – £200,000;                                             wider industrial estate                                             sources.co.uk/PiP/CLES
                                                         Groundwork South Tees                                                                                                               %20Groundwork.pdf
                                                         £26,905.




                                                                                                                                                                                             The socio-economic
                                                                                      Stated objective : To link the
                                                                                                                                                                                             impact of The National
                                                                                      ancient forests of Charnwood
                                                                                                                                                                                             Forest: Much more than
National Forest Company, County                                                       and Needwood, and includes         continuous tracking of the progress of The National Forest as a
                                    Communities in the                                                                                                                                       trees 3 (2010)
Councils within whose boundaries                         Public and private           the former Leicestershire and      sustainable development exemplar, across economic, social and
                                    area                                                                                                                                                     http://www.nationalforest.
the National Forest falls                                                             South Derbyshire coalfield,        environmental domains.
                                                                                                                                                                                             org/document/research/
                                                                                      urban areas and extensive
                                                                                                                                                                                             much_more_than_trees_
                                                                                      areas of farmland
                                                                                                                                                                                             3.pdf




                                                                                                                         Project looks at how environmental improvements can make
                                                                                      Stated objective: To look at       metropolitan areas more attractive for investment, with knock on
Sheffield City Council, Research
                                                                                      how environmental                  benefits for sustainable development across NW Europe. By
Institute for Regional and Urban
                                                                                      improvements can make              encouraging the use of brownfield land and reversing the trend
Development, Building and           Business and                                                                                                                                             http://3b.nweurope.eu/pa
                                                                                      metropolitan areas more            towards urban sprawl, the project seeks to make towns and
Construction of the Federal State   communities in the   ERDF Grant                                                                                                                          ge/projet.php?p=&id=61
                                                                                      attractive for investment, with    cities more attractive investment locations. The project seeks to
of North-Rhine Westphailia, MGG     areas                                                                                                                                                    3
                                                                                      knock on benefits for              build a partnership to build a multi-disciplinary, transnational
Montan-Grundstucksgesellschaft
                                                                                      sustainable development            approach. The project will develop a knowledge base on how
mbH
                                                                                      across NW Europe.                  areas, especially those suffering from deindustrialisation can
                                                                                                                         make themselves more attractive to investors.


                                                                                                                                                                                             "The Economic
                                                                                                                                                                                             Contribution of the
                                                         Funds from the EU
                                                                                      Stated objective: To create        The aim is to create 8,000 hectares of new community                Mersey Forest's
                                                         Objective One Programme,
                                                                                      8,000 hectares of new              woodlands and a wide range of associated environmental,             Objective One-Funded
                                                         matched by contributions
                                                                                      community woodlands and a          economic and social benefits through sustainable landscape          Investment" (2009)
                                                         from DEFRA, the European
                                    Communities and                                   wide range of associated           improvements to The Mersey Forest area. Interventions include       http://www.merseyforest.
DEFRA, The Mersey Forest                                 Agricultural Guidance and
                                    businesses in the                                 environmental, economic and        new tree planting, land reclamation, bringing woodland into         org.uk/files/Economic%2
(TMF), communities                                       Guarantee Fund, voluntary
                                    area                                              social benefits through            management, creating access to greenspace and recreational          0Contribution%20of%20
                                                         sector contributions and
                                                                                      sustainable landscape              facilities, managing and improving habitats,engaging local          The%20Mersey%20Fore
                                                         various other public and
                                                                                      improvements to The Mersey         communities and business support activity for forestry              st's%20Objective%20On
                                                         private funding
                                                                                      Forest area                        businesses.                                                         e-
                                                         sources.
                                                                                                                                                                                             Funded%20Investments.
                                                                                                                                                                                             pdf



                                                                                                                                                                                              A future for the natural
                                                                                                                                                                                              economcy:
                                                                                                                                                                                              Achievements and
                                                                                                                                                                                              legacy of the Natural
                                                                                                                                                                                              Economy Northwest
                                                                                                                                                                                              Partnership (2009)
                                                                                      Stated objective : To stimulate    Multi-partner initiative formed in recognition of the important role http://www.naturalecono
                                                                                      a new and radical approach to      that Green Infrastructure plays in supporting economic, social       mynorthwest.co.uk/index
                                                                                      green infrastructure that seeks    and environmental benefits, and its purpose is to provide            .php ; Dr Will Williams
                                    Communities and      Natural England, Northwest   to plan, deliver and manage it     direction and leadership, to collect and disseminate data and        will.williams@naturaleco
Natural England, Northwest
                                    businesses in the    Development Agency, SITA     in comparable ways to other        intelligence and helps in the delivery of projects. NENW is the      nomynorthwest.co.uk
Development Agency, SITA trust
                                    North West           trust                        forms of critical infrastructure   lead body for the delivery of the Transformational Action 113 in     Programme Director
                                                                                      in order to maximise its           the North West Regional Economic Strategy, which is to develop Telephone: 01539
                                                                                      economic, social                   the economic benefit of the region’s natural environment through 792823
                                                                                      andenvironmental benefits.         better alignment of environmental activities and economic gain       Mobile: 07771 862572
                                                                                                                                                                                              Peter Wilmers
                                                                                                                                                                                              peter.wilmers@naturalec
                                                                                                                                                                                              onomynorthwest.co.uk
                                                                                                                                                                                              Green Infrastructure
                                                                                                                                                                                              Manager
                                                                                                                                                                                              Mobile: 07747 004969
                                                                                                                                                             The environment,
                                                                                         Restored historic waterway enhances landscape. Ongoing              economic growth and
                                                                                         projects have improved access, interpretation, nature               competitiveness - the
                                     People and
                                                                                         conservation, heritage and landscape along the 87-mile canal.       environment as an
British waterways, local council     businesses using the Mostly Heritage Lottery Fund
                                                                                         The investment in restoration has yielded dividends in tourism      economic driver (2006)
                                     canal
                                                                                         and boating-related expenditure, employment and property            http://www.landuse.co.uk
                                                                                         development.                                                        /files/EnvandeconomyJa
                                                                                                                                                             n06.pdf.pdf




                                                                                         The Sunart Oakwoods Initiative (SOI) is a major and developing
                                                                                         project, which aims to restore and expand the native woodlands
                                                                                         of the wider Sunart area, to bring local conservation, economic     The Sunart Oakwood
Forestry Commission Scotland,                             LIFE Nature, LEADER,
                                     Communities and                                     and amenity benefits. It involves a number of partner agencies      Initiative
Scottish Natural Heritage,                                European Agricultural
                                     businesses using                                    and the local communities. While this area is not extensively       http://www.sunartoakwoo
Highlands and Islands Enterprise,                         Guidance and Guarantee
                                     Sunart Oakwoods                                     covered in native woodland the project aims to increase the         ds.org.uk/soitech/soitech
Highland Council, Communities                             Fund
                                                                                         range of woodland in this area, improve the conservation value of   .htm
                                                                                         the area and ensure that the rural development benefits arising
                                                                                         from the woodlands and other habitats are dispersed throughout




                                                                                                                                                             The environment,
                                                                                         Combing economic, landscape and environmental regeneration,         economic growth and
RSPB, Environment Agency,                                                                the environmental restoration of the Dearne Valley river corridor   competitiveness - the
                                                          Yorkshire Forward, Heritage
Natural England, Local authorities   Communities in the                                  has breathed new life into one of South Yorkshire’s former coal     environment as an
                                                          Lottery Fund, Landfill Tax
of Barnsley, Doncaster and           area                                                mining areas. The project aims to transform the landscape,          economic driver (2006)
                                                          Credit Scheme
Rotherham                                                                                environment and economy of the Dearne Valley region, resulting      http://www.landuse.co.uk
                                                                                         in economic benefits to this economically deprived area.            /files/EnvandeconomyJa
                                                                                                                                                             n06.pdf.pdf


                                                                                                                                                             http://www.fishing.visitwa
                                                                                                                                                             les.com/;

                                                                                         Fishing Wales is a sustainable fisheries programme which            The environment,
Welsh Assembly, Environment                               European Regional              implements extensive restoration of river habitats, whilst          economic growth and
                                     Communities in the
Agency Wales, Wales Tourist                               Development Fund (ERDF),       encouraging appropriate tourism through a targeted marketing        competitiveness - the
                                     area
Board                                                     Welsh Assembly                 campaign. Since the project commenced in 2003, it has already       environment as an
                                                                                         achieved impressive ecological and economic benefits.               economic driver (2006)
                                                                                                                                                             http://www.landuse.co.uk
                                                                                                                                                             /files/EnvandeconomyJa
                                                                                                                                                             n06.pdf.pdf




                                                                                                                                                             Increasing
                                                                                                                                                             environmental quality
                                                                                                                                                             and aesthetics: Benefits
                                                                                         Glasgow Green is the largest park in central Glasgow, with an
                                                          Glasgow City Council,                                                                              of green infrastruture
                                                                                         area of 55ha. The Glasgow Green renewal project was planned
                                                          Heritage Lottery Fund,                                                                             case study.
                                     Inhabitants of                                      in order to restore the area from one of disrepair and poor
                                                          Historic Scotland,                                                                                 http://www.forestresearc
                                     glasgow                                             aesthetic quality to attractive, extensive open spaces, modern
                                                          Strathclyde European                                                                               h.gov.uk/pdf/urgp_case_
                                                                                         play facilities, spacious winter gardens and historic People's
                                                          Partnership                                                                                        study_023_Glasgow_Gr
                                                                                         Places
                                                                                                                                                             een_park.pdf/$FILE/urgp
                                                                                                                                                             _case_study_023_Glasg
                                                                                                                                                             ow_Green_park.pdf




                                                          NEWTON 21 SRB,
                                                          SPORTS LOTTERY, THE
                                                          COUNTRYSIDE AGENCY,            The rehabilitation of the park, located in a predominantly
The local council (St Helens MBC),                        THE FORESTRY                   residential area popular with families and young couples, has       "Does Money Grow on
in partnership with a number of                           COMMISSION, THE                seen an area previously associated with crime                       Trees?" CABE, 2005
                                   Inhabitants of
other public bodies, local                                NORTH WEST                     and drug abuse transformed into a renewed                           http://www.cabe.org.uk/fil
                                   Merseyside
businesses and voluntary and                              DEVELOPMENT AGENCY,            green space which includes new woodlands,                           es/does-money-grow-on-
community groups                                          ST HELENS MBC AND              a wildflower meadow and a range of sports                           trees.pdf
                                                          THE MERSEY FOREST              facilities.
                                                          ERDF
                                                          OBJECTIVE 1
                                                                £3.7 MILLION FROM
                                                                                               Until its restoration, this Georgian square
                                                                HERITAGE LOTTERY
                                                                                               was bisected by a busy dual carriageway,
                                                                FUND URBAN PARKS
                                                                                               built in the 1930s. In 1999 a programme of phased                     "Does Money Grow on
                                                                PROGRAMME £1.7
Bristol city council, English                                                                  enhancements began. For instance, the corners at which the            Trees?" CABE, 2005
                                                                MILLION FROM BRISTOL
Heritage, Queen Square                 Inhabitants of Bristol                                  carriageqay had entered the square were redesigned and the            http://www.cabe.org.uk/fil
                                                                CITY COUNCIL; £20,000
Association                                                                                    gravel paths across and around the square reinstated to a 19th        es/does-money-grow-on-
                                                                FROM ENGLISH
                                                                                               century plan. The key aims were to restore the historical integrity   trees.pdf
                                                                HERITAGE AND £13,000
                                                                                               of the square and revive its former character as a quiet, restful
                                                                FROM THE QUEEN
                                                                                               place.
                                                                SQUARE ASSOCIATION

                                                                (£12.3 MILLION
                                                                FROM THE MILLENNIUM
                                                                COMMISSION,
                                                                £1.6 MILLION FROM
                                                                ENGLISH
                                                                PARTNERSHIPS, PLUS             Mile End Park, which is a mile long but just
                                                                                                                                                                     "Does Money Grow on
                                                                cONTRIBUTIONS FROM             150m across, has been transformed from a
London Borough of Tower                Communities and                                                                                                               Trees?" CABE, 2005
                                                                THE EUROPEAN                   derelict piece of land into a mixed use park,
Hamlets, East London Business          businesses in the                                                                                                             http://www.cabe.org.uk/fil
                                                                REGIONAL                       which includes an Ecology Park and Arts Park
Alliance, Environment Trust            area                                                                                                                          es/does-money-grow-on-
                                                                DEVELOPMENT FUND,              Pavilions and innovative Green Bridge
                                                                                                                                                                     trees.pdf
                                                                THE STEPNEY SINGLE             designed by architect Piers Gough
                                                                REGENERATION
                                                                BUDGET,
                                                                CHARITABLE TRUSTS
                                                                AND THE
                                                                PRIVATE SECTOR

                                                                                               The transformation of former coalfields into community
                                                                                                                                                                     South Yorkshire
                                                                                               woodland. Easily accessible multipurpose paths allow for a wide
                                                                                                                                                                     Coalfields: Engaging
English Partnerships and                                        Yorkshire Forward, English     range of leisure pursuits, and an innovative programme of
                                                                                                                                                                     coalfield communities
Yorkshore Forward, Forestry                                     Partnerships, Forestry         recreational and educational activities have been specially
                                       Communities in the                                                                                                            http://www.forestry.gov.u
Commission, Renaissance South                                   Commission, Land               designed by local rangers to encourage young and old alike to
                                       area                                                                                                                          k/pdf/yh-casestudies-
Yorkshire, Land Restoration Trust,                              Restoration Trust, South       use their green space in a variety of ways. What were once spoil
                                                                                                                                                                     sycoalfields.pdf/$FILE/yh
Local authorities                                               Yorkshire Forest Partnership   heaps now offer neighbouring communities areas for work, rest,
                                                                                                                                                                     -casestudies-
                                                                                               play and the opportunity to interact with an environment that they
                                                                                                                                                                     sycoalfields.pdf
                                                                                               might otherwise never have enjoyed.

                                                                                               One of the largest green regeneration schemes in the UK. The
Several partnerships, most notably                                                             project is a unique scheme that is reclaiming large areas of          Newlands Executive
Northwest Regional Development                                                                 derelict, underused and neglected land across England’s               Briefing
Agency and the Forestry                Communiteis in the                                      Northwest. Newlands responds to local and regional economic           http://www.newlandsproj
Commission, local authorities,         areas                                                   and social needs, transforming neglected areas into thriving,         ect.co.uk/a/Newlands%2
Groundwork, Community Forests                                                                  durable, community woodlands. The project already includes            0Executive%20Briefing.p
Northwest, Wildlife Trust                                                                      eight sites (over 345ha) that have been transformed or are            df
                                                                                               underway
                                                                                               Once a mixed residential/business district, it became gradually
                                                                                               isolated. After much negotiation with the local authorities,
                                                                                               squatters and residents teamed up with a non-profit making            Building Green: A guide
                                                                                               company to establish an imaginative new style of tenancy. They        to using plants on roofs,
                                                                                               inaugurated a framework of pilot projects in energy generation,       walls and pavements.
S.T.E.R.N; local government            Local residents
                                                                                               water and refuse recycling, the use of environmentally sensitive      Mayor of London,
                                                                                               building materials – and greening. Nearly 40 per cent of Block        Greater London
                                                                                               103’s roofs have now been planted, bringing a variety of benefits,    Authority. (2004)
                                                                                               including a beneficial increase in humidity and improved
                                                                                               insulation.
                                                                                                                                                                     http://www.gcvgreennetw
                                                                                                                                                                     ork.gov.uk/component/op
                                                                                               As part of the GVC green network initiative, the Partnership’s
eight regional authorities, Forestry                                                                                                                                 tion,com_studies/pid,9/vi
                                                                                               IHN modelling project created a detailed habitat map of the
Commission Scotland, Scottish                                                                                                                                        ew,project/ ;
                                                                                               Glasgow & Clyde Valley (GCV) region from which habitat
Government Housing and
                                                                                               networks for woodland, grassland and wetland can be modelled.
Regeneration Directorate, Scottish     Stakeholders                                                                                                                  Increasing species
                                                                                               At that time it was the largest and most complex project of its
Enterprise, Scottish Natural                                                                                                                                         movement: Glasgow
                                                                                               kind ever attempted in Scotland. The model can be interpreted to
Heritage, Glasgow Centre for                                                                                                                                         Clyde Valley - Integrated
                                                                                               identify the location and types of habitat which need to be
Population Health                                                                                                                                                    Habitat Network.
                                                                                               protected, enhanced or created.
                                                                                                                                                                     Benefits of GI Case
                                                                                                                                                                     study
                                                                                                                                                                    Physical activity and
                                                                                                                                                                    health
                                                                                               The Walking the Way to Health Initiative (WHI) in England and
Natural England, British Heart                                                                                                                                      Walking the Way to
                                       People using the                                        the Paths to Health Inititaive in Scotland was formed to increase
Foundation, Department of Health,                               Department of Health                                                                                Health Initiative and
                                       paths                                                   the number of well-managed and welcoming paths close to
Scottish Natural Heritage                                                                                                                                           Paths to Health Project.
                                                                                               where people live, and promote their use.
                                                                                                                                                                    Benefits of GI Case
                                                                                                                                                                    study
                                                                                               The River Traisen, one of the largest Danube tributaries in Lower http://www.life-
                                                                                               Austria, runs for 7.5 km as a regulated, straight-line channel       traisen.at/ ,
                                                                                               through the Natura 2000 site, Tullnfelder Donau-Auen. This site Project Manager:
Austrian HydroPower; BWV                                                                       is the largest alluvial forest in Austria. However, the River        Herfried HARREITER
Niederösterreich, Austria Via                                   LIFE+                          Traisen is a heavily modified water body following the               Email:
Donau, Austria                                                                                 construction of the hydropower plant, Altenwörth, in 1976. The       Herfried.harreiter@verbu
                                                                                               regulated river is missing aquatic and terrestrial habitats that are nd.at ,
                                                                                               usually found on flood plains. The connection between the river      http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                               and the surrounding riparian forest is cut off. This situation leads onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                                               to an unfavourable conservation status for the whole Natura          cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                                       Building on the hydrological development scheme, the rivers             http://panda.wwf.at/drau.
Amt d. Kärntner Landesreg, Abt.                                                        administration intended to continue revitalising the Drau by            html ,
18 - Wasserwirtschaft                                                                  drawing on aid from LIFE-Nature to tackle the remaining 60 km           ttp://www.kagis.ktn.gv.at/
(administration responsible for                                                        in the middle part of the river which was still freely flowing,         abt18, Project Manager:
                                     local farmers, visitors                           between Oberdrauburg and Spittal. Using engineering measures            Franz PICHLER
rivers); Amt der Kärntner
                                     to area, surrounding LIFE+                        such as riverbed widening and removal of groynes and                    Tel: 43/463/536.31805
Landesregierung, Abteilung
                                     home owners,                                      embankments in order to allow riverbank erosion to occur, the           Fax: 43/463/536.31828
Naturschutz Straßenbauamt
Spittal/Drau (regional road                                                            idea was to return this part of the river to its former natural         Email:
administration) WWF Austria                                                            structure by linking up branches and creating new, or                   franz.pichler@ktn.gv.at,
                                                                                       reactivating old, water meadows. Further project priorities were        http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                       improvement of floodplain forests (through reduction of grazing         onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                                       Forests were to be restored by enhancing the development of
                                                                                       natural features and processes. This would involve periodic             http://www.metsa.fi/sivus
Metsähallitus (Forest and Park                                                         controlled burnings, simulations of storm damage or other               tot/metsa/en/Projects/Lif
Service - a state enterprise which                                                     controlled damage to increase the amount of decaying wood etc.          eNatureProjects/GreenB
                                                           LIFE+
is responsible for the management                                                      Mires were to be restored by blocking ditches and removing trees        eltLife/Sivut/Introduction.
of state lands in Finland)                                                             in order to increase their water retention. For each site, a detailed   aspx , Project Manager:
                                                                                       restoration plan would be drawn up in order to best orientate the       Arto AHOKUMPU
Bayerisches Staatsministerium für                                                      The projectwork. In total it was expected that 601 ha of forests,
                                                                                       restoration will implement concrete habitat improvement actions         Tel: +358 205 646810
                                                                                                                                                                http://www.donautal-life-
Umwelt, Gesundheit und                                                                 within a fen/wet meadow area of international importance. The           natur.de ,
Verbraucherschutz, Landkreis                                                           focus is on conservation, improvement and restoration of                Project Manager: Harald
Dillingen, Germany Landkreis                                                           breeding and foraging habitats of 43 species listed on Annex 1 of       LIPPERT
Donau-Ries, Germany Landkreis                                                          the Birds directive (amongst them two priority species, corncrake       Tel: +49 89 9214 3207
Günzburg, Germany Gemeinde                                                             - Crex crex and bittern - Botaurus stellaris) and on improving          Fax: +49 89 9214 3497
                                                           LIFE+
Bächingen, Germany Gemeinde                                                            foraging, stop-over and wintering habitats for numerous                 Email:
Blindheim, Germany Gemeinde                                                            migratory bird species. A further objective is the maintenance or       harald.lippert@stmugv.b
Buttenwiesen, Germany Stadt                                                            restoration of 6 important habitat types (of which one is a priority    ayern.de ,
Dillingen, Germany Stadt                                                               habitat type of the Habitats Directive). Concrete project actions       http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Donauwörth, Germany Stadt                                                              include: - the development and implementation of a visitor              onment/life/project/Proje
Gundelfingen, Germany Stadt                                                            guidance concept aimed at reducing disturbance, while at the            cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                                       The project aimed at the recovery in Portugal of this globally-
                                                                                       threatened species. The geographical areas for actions were the         http://www.lpn.pt/LPNPo
                                                                                       Special Protection Areas (SPAs) of Castro Verde, Vale do                rtal/DesktopModules/Proj
                                                                                       Guadiana and Campo Maior. Actions would focus mainly on                 ectoDetalhes.aspx?ItemI
                                                                                       improving feeding opportunities and increasing the numbers of           d=17&Mid=40&tindex=2
LPN (Liga para a Protecção da                                                          nesting sites favoured by the birds. The project would map              7&tid=20 ,
                                                           LIFE+
Natureza) - env NGO                                                                    sensitive areas, identify the main factors limiting the growth of       http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                       colonies and implement other measures to reduce competition             onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                                       between species and predation. Specific actions included: - the         cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                                       construction of walls, or towers, specially designed to provide         =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                                       breeding sites; - the purchase or lease of structures (e.g ruined       j_id=1953 , Project
                                                                                       buildings) suitable for breeding in the Castro Verde SPA; -
                                                                                       The project aimed to restore and secure European mink habitats          Manager: Eugénio
                                                                                                                                                                http://www.life-
                                                                                       at a proposed Site of Community Interest (pSCI) in Spain’s              gerve.com/ ,
                                                                                       Navarra region. The objective was to ensure a viable population         http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Gestión Ambiental, Viveros y                                                           of European mink in the area and to provide the species with            onment/life/project/Proje
Repoblaciones de Navarra, S.A.                                                         possibilities for expansion. Riparian habitats in the Aragón and        cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
(independent branch of the Navarra                         LIFE+                       Arga River systems were restored in order to improve the habitat        =search.dspPage&n_pro
Government’s Environmental                                                             connectivity. To decrease competition from the American mink            j_id=2925 ,
Department); local communities                                                         (Mustela vison), actions were implemented to control its                Project Manager:
                                                                                       presence in the project area. An information campaign and               Fernando MENDOZA
                                                                                       guidance to recreational users, particularly anglers, aimed to          Tel: +34 948 382438
                                                                                       increase the knowledge and understanding about the European             Email:
Environmental Planning (Cheshire                                                       The and its habitats among the local and general public.
                                                                                       minkLife ECOnet Project offers a fresh approach to managing             fernando.mendoza@gav
                                                                                                                                                               http://www.lifeeconet.co
County Council); Vale Royal                                                            the landscape for people and wildlife, and improving the                m,
Borough Council, UK The                                                                connections between surviving wildlife habitats. The project will       http://ec.europa.eu/envir
University of Salford, UK The                                                          use the latest information technology (Geographical Information         onment/life/project/Proje
University of Reading, UK                                  LIFE+                       Systems - GIS, digital aerial photography and landscape                 cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
Liverpool, John Moore University,                                                      ecology) to analyse the landscapes of Cheshire, Abruzzo and             =search.dspPage&n_pro
UK United Utilities, UK English                                                        Emilia-Romagna. It will identify concentrations of habitats of high     j_id=1306 ;
Nature, UK The Environment                                                             value for wildlife as well as areas that have the potential for the     Project Manager: Ian
Agency, UK Sustainability                                                              creation of new habitats and corridors for the movement of              MARSHALL
Northwest, UK Regione Emilia-                                                          wildlife. Extensive discussions will be held with all stakeholders      Tel: +44 1244 603 205
                                                                                       The project aimed to demonstrate how urban municipalities can
 London Borough of Sutton;
                                                                                       develop effective stakeholder participation tools to plan and
London Borough of Richmond,
                                                                                       undertake urban improvement for the enhanced environmental               http://www.sun-
United Kingdom London Borough
                                                                                       value of urban green space. Specifically, the project hoped to          project.eu ,
of Redbridge, United Kingdom
                                                                                       develop and test innovative tools for biodiversity action planning      http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Community Initiative Partnerships,
                                                           LIFE+                       that allow municipalities to undertake urban planning more              onment/life/project/Proje
United Kingdom
                                                                                       effectively. This would support policy objectives in the EU's 6th       cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
Legambiente–Onlus, Italy Global to
                                                                                       Environment Action Programme, specifically approaches to                =search.dspPage&n_pro
Local Ltd, United Kingdom London
                                                                                       improved ‘land use planning and management decisions’ and the           j_id=2332 ,
Borough of Bromley, United
                                                                                       involvement of ‘individual citizens’ in environmental decision-
Kingdom
                                                                                       making and action. The overall goal of the project was to produce



                                                                                       The project provides financial support and capacity building to
                                                                                                                                                               http://www.stmug.bayern
Bavarian State Ministry of the                             EU funds, public funding    voluntary conservation initiatives in order to facilitate the
                                     communities, public                                                                                                       .de/umwelt/naturschutz/b
Environment and Public Health                              from national and state     implementation of regional policies and strategies on biodiversity
                                     authorities,                                                                                                              aynetznatur/index.htm,
(StMUG), PAN Planungsbüro für                              government funds, private   conservation. Major principles of participating projects are a
                                     associations                                                                                                              http://www.bnn.pan-
angewandten Naturschutz GmbH                               sponsoring                  strong cooperation of different stakeholders and voluntariness of
                                                                                                                                                               gmbh.com/
                                                                                       actions/measures. So far the initiative counts with 373 projects.
                                                                                             Similar projects of the Regional
                                                                                             Park approach are
                                                                                             implemented in Berlin
                                                              EU funds, regional and local                                      the regional park is an initiative to improve the recreational
Holding company Regionalpark                                                                 (http://www.regionalpark.de/),
                                                              government funds, private                                         features of the landscape in the urban agglomeration around             http://www.regionalpark-
Ballungsraum RheinMain                                                                       Saarland
                                                              funding FRAPORT AG                                                Frankfurt city. It further intends to improve the region's image.       rheinmain.de/de/der-
gemeinnützige GmbH, local               local residents                                      (http://www.saarland.de/SID-
                                                              (12.1 Mill. € between 1997                                        Measures include activities in habitat conservation, improvement        regionalpark/startseite.as
communities, Hesse state                                                                     3E724395-
                                                              and 2010), shareholder's                                          of touristic/recreational infrastructure, artistic installations, and   px
government, FRAPORT AG                                                                       57DAE99B/regionalpark.htm),
                                                              contributions                                                     others.
                                                                                             Colgne/Bonn
                                                                                             (http://www.regionale2010.de/d
                                                                                             e/projekte/gruen/index.html)

                                                                                                                                The campaign aims to inform the general public with selective
                                                                                                                                information about the meaning of habitat networks and thus
Five BUND rural organisations, the                                                                                              promote the implementation of networking measures. The project          http://www.wildkatze-in-
Helmholtz Center for                                                                                                            is based on results and experiences of the German initiative            oesterreich.at/en/pages/li
                                                              LIFE+
Environmental Research and the                                                                                                  "wildcat rescue network”. In doing so, a nationwide model for the       fe-habitat-networks-
National Park Thayatal                                                                                                          networking of 6 million ha of woodland on 20.000 km of "green           45.aspx
                                                                                                                                corridor” for the main species wildcat has already been
                                                                                                                                developed.
                                                                                                                                By establishing the Regional Development Plan for the Close
                                                                                                                                Sphere of Influence (LEPeV) of 1998 the federal states of
                                                                                                                                Brandenburg and Berlin made a decision regarding the strategy
                                                                                                                                of regional parks (Regionalparks). The Regionalparks are not an
                                                                                                                                administrative planning tool, but they are an offer of state
Joint Berlin-Brandenburg Planning                                                                                               planning for implementing regional development targets used by
Department, Holding Association of                                                                                              the public participants. At the eight Regionalparks,
the Regionalparks in Brandenburg                                                                                                representations of interests and organisational structures have
                                                                                                                                                                                                        http://www.complangmb
and Berlin, advisory board of the                                                                                               formed, mainly in the legal form of associations, with the
                                        local residents in                                                                                                                                              h.de/regionalpark/
Holding Association (Beirat des                               no general funding source,                                        participation of municipalities, associations, federations and
                                        Berlin and adjacent                                                                                                                                             http://www.regionalpark.
Dachverbandes): deputies (EU,                                 funding is sought for                                             individuals. The Regionalparks have achieved visible success:
                                        communities,                                                                                                                                                    de/
Federal Parliament, Parliament of                             individual projects                                               information offices, marked cycleways and trails, brightening up
                                        communities
the Land), mayors of Berlin and                                                                                                 of the landscape by planting and reconstruction of parks,
Brandenburg and other                                                                                                           development and marketing of regional products, advertisement
representatives from                                                                                                            brochures and internet presentations, events and festivities. The
policy and economy                                                                                                              eight regional parks are: Naturpark Barnim, Barnimer Feldmark,
                                                                                                                                Müggel-Spree, Flutgrabenaue, Teltow, Havelseen, Döberitzer
                                                                                                                                Heide, Krämer Forst. Main fields of actions are: to strengthen
                                                                                                                                day tourism, to make use of development potentials, revaluation
                                                                                                                                of the cultural landscape, to market regional products



Working Group
Stadt/Industrielandschaft
Working Group                                                                                                                   The project "Industrial Garden Realm", developed at the
Gartenreich/Bergbaufolgelandschaf                                                                                               Bauhaus since 1989, with its 16 leading projects, formed the
t                                                                                                                               basis for the participation in the competition "Regions of Future".
Archiv Industrielles Gartenreich                                                                                                Those projects were also the starting point for the participation in
                                                                                                                                EXPO 2000 which have meanwhile been extended and modified
national Partners:                                            Labor für Regionalplanung                                         as well as almost implemented.
Internationale Bauausstellung                                 in Lutherstadt Wittenberg,                                                                                                                http://www.industrielles-
                                        local communities,
Emscher Park (1990-99);                                       private funding                                                   The 16 leading projects, as a regional network, cover the range         gartenreich.de/english/0
                                        local residents
Regionen der Zukunft                                          (foundations), regional                                           of topics which are necessary/possible for a sustainable                1_start/10_start.htm
(Wettbewerbsauswahl 1998)                                     government funds                                                  development, shown by the concrete area in the governmental
                                                                                                                                district Dessau, Land Saxony-Anhalt. Topics are: architecture,
international Partners:                                                                                                         education, transport, local economy, restoration of historic
TH Gliwice, Polen; Universities                                                                                                 buildings, tourism, ecological restoration/conservation, urban
Hull und Nottingham, UK; TU                                                                                                     planning, art, landscape architecture, cultural events, post
Graz, Austria; University of Rio de                                                                                             mining landscapes, industrial culture (coal, iron)
Janeiro, Brasil; University of Miami,
USA; Regional initiatives
Andalusien, Spanien
                                                                                                                                  Sustainable and Accessible Urban Landscapes (SAUL)

                                                                                                                                  The SAUL project is the practical response to an earlier research
                                                                                                                                  project carried out by the same partnership, under the name of
                                                                                                                                  New Urban Landscapes. This concluded that spatial planning
                                                                                                                                  needs to respond to the changing patterns of land-use that are
                                                                                                                                  emerging across Europe as a result of economic restructuring
                                                                                                                                  and social change.

                                                                                                                                  SAUL Plus

                                                                                                                                  In 2005, the project was awarded further Interreg funding and
                                                                                                                                  was extended to form SAUL Plus. The achievements of SAUL
SAUL Partnership, Lead Partner:                                                                                                   and SAUL Plus were marked by a Final Conference in
Groundwork London, others:                                                                                                        Amsterdam in June 2006, and the release of a Final Report
                                        suburban                                                 good data availability for all   containing the partnerships five key messages which summarise
Emscher Genossenschaft, City                                    ERDF, Interreg IIIB
                                        communities within                                       subprojects, including cost-     the findings of the project, and contain recommendations for  http://www.saulproject.ne
Mayor London, Statsbosbeheer, IS                                programme for North West
                                        Metropolitan regions,                                    information                      planners and politicians:                                     t/login.jsp
NRW, Planungsverband                                            Europe (NWE)
                                        local residents
Rhein/Main, Planungsgruppe agl,
Saarland Ministerium für Umwelt                                                                                                     1. In Europe’s economic heartland, new urban landscapes are
                                                                                                                                  now a reality with a vital impact on people’s quality of life in city
                                                                                                                                  regions. Their unique challenges and opportunities need
                                                                                                                                  innovative approaches by drawing transnationally on examples of
                                                                                                                                  good practice.
                                                                                                                                    2. Sustainable regions are ones where people want to live, now
                                                                                                                                  and in the future. Regional spatial strategies, based on visions
                                                                                                                                  widely shared, give people a stronger sense of belonging, locally
                                                                                                                                  and regionally.
                                                                                                                                    3. The impacts of globalisation and social change mean that
                                                                                                                                  Europe’s citizens increasingly demand to be in the driving seat of
                                                                                                                                  shaping their future environment. Partnerships with the people
                                                                                                                                  offer a new approach to planning and governance for Europe’s
                                                                                                                                  urban landscapes.
                                                                                                                                    4. Transnational partnerships can unlock learning, transferable
                                                                                                                                                                                                          http://www.ieeplondon.or
Ministries of education and                                     national and regional            knowledge gap on                 integration of ecological corridors in legal acts and spatial           g.uk/publications/pdfs/co
science, environment                                            government                       implementation status            planning                                                                nferences/eco/conf_lithu
                                                                                                                                                                                                          ania.pdf

                                                                                                                                  PAN Parks creates a network of European protected areas
                                                                                                                                  certified in accord with PAN Parks quality standards; covering
                                                                                                                                  relevant wilderness protection, social, economic and cultural
                                                                                                                                  aspects. These parks offer a wilderness area with undisturbed           http://www.panparks.org/
PAN parks organisation, partners:
                                                                                                                                  nature. In other sections of these parks there are tourism              learn/pan-parks-
WWF, IUCN, Birdlife International,                              private/NGO funds
                                                                                                                                  facilities, well balanced with wilderness protection and                wilderness/defining-
Europarc, Countdown 2010
                                                                                                                                  sustainable local development. Peneda Geres NP, Portugal,               wilderness
                                                                                                                                  Borjomi-Kharagauli NP, Georgia, Fulufjället NP, Sweden, Rila
                                                                                                                                  NP, Bulgaria or Majella NP, Italy, PAN Parks Wilderness in
                                                                                                                                  Archipelago, Finland
coordinator: Scottish Natural                                                                                                     The project aimed to conserve the abundance and diversity of
Heritage (regional authority);                                                                                                    salmon in Scotland through a significant improvement of                 http://www.snh.org.uk/sa
partners: The Association of                                                                                                      freshwater habitats, the development of management guidelines,          lmonlifeproject/index.asp
Salmon Fishery Boards; The River                                                                                                  and the promotion and demonstration of best practice in the              ; Project Manager:
Bladnoch District Salmon Fishery                                LIFE +                                                            removal of key threats through joint effort and partnership.            Sandy MACLENNAN
Board; The River Dee District                                                                                                                                                                             Tel: +441463723115
Salmon Fishery Board; The River                                                                                                   The project intended to purchase netting rights to halt                 Email:
Esk District Salmon Fishery Board;                                                                                                commercial salmon netting on two rivers, improve and restore            sandy.maclennan@snh.
Fisheries Research Services                                                                                                       access to rivers through the removal of 25 obstacles and                gov.uk;
Freshwater Laboratory; Forestry                                                                                                   undertake in-stream habitat improvement works to restore                http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                                                                  The overall objective is to protect and manage the unique               Mrs. Chantal van Ham /
IUCN, Wageningen International,                                                                                                   landscape and biodiversity along the Sava River through                 Mr. Boris Erg
Center for Ecology and Natural                                                                                                    supporting Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina to: a) identify,              Postal address Blv.
Resources, Agricultural Institute of                            LIFE+, Swiss Agency for                                           protect and manage floodplain areas of importance for the               Louis Schmidt 64, 1040
the Republic of Srpska, Institute for                           Development and                                                   landscape and biodiversity applying the criteria of the Birds and       Brussels, Belgium
Nature Conservation of Serbia,                                  Cooperation                                                       Habitats Directive, b) design a coherent transboundary                  Visit address Dr. Ivana
State Institute for Nature Protection                                                                                             ecological network of the core areas, bufferzones and corridors,        Ribara 91, 11070
of Croatia                                                                                                                        c) identify floodplain areas capable of storing floods d) building      Belgrade, Serbia
                                                                                                                                  capacities in the implementation of the Birds and Habitats              Telephone Ch. van
                                                                                                                                  Directive d) introducing land use practices that support the            Ham: +32 2 739 0312 /

                                                                                                                                  The aim was to restore and maintain the valuable coastal
                                                                                                                                  landscape, increase and sustain natural values, increase the
                                                                                                                                  attractiveness of the area and to create living conditions for          http://ec.europa.eu/ourco
                                                                WWF Sweden (contributed
                                                                                                                                  people involved with agriculture in a sparcely populated area.          ast/index.cfm?menuID=8
                                                                2.9 million SEK) and Sida
                                                                                                                                  Development of sustainable agriculture, small-scale tourism and         &articleID=29 ;
WWF-Sweden, Research Centre                                     (The Swedish Agency for
                                                                                                                                  a regional production of both agricultural products and handicraft      http://ec.europa.eu/ourco
Arhipelaag, Matsalu Nature                                      International Development
                                                                                                                                  would directly benefit both nature and local residents. Apart from      ast/download.cfm?fileID
Reserve, NGA Läänerannik,                                       Cooperation) (contributed
                                                                                                                                  biodiversity and landscape related outcomes, the socio-economic         =826; Ola Jennersten -
Estonian Fund for Nature and local                              3.4 million SEK); Local
                                                                                                                                  outputs were to create a viable coastal countryside society, to         program director of
handicraft and farmers’ societies                               initiatives have since
                                                                                                                                  support strong families with multiple livelihoods, to manage            cultural landscapes
                                                                ensured long term financial
                                                                                                                                  naturally fertilised (organic) grasslands, to produce handicrafts       program at WWF; 08-
                                                                sustainability of the endevour
                                                                                                                                  using local natural outputs from the managed landscape and              624-74-00
                                                                                                                                  giving long-term economic benefits to local people and to
                                                                                                                                  increase landscape attractiveness giving rise to nature tourism.
                                                                                             The project set out to tackle the main threats to the Lake Pape
                                                                                             region in a coordinated way and to create a sustainable long-term
                                                                                             institutional framework for managing Lake Pape Nature Park.
                                                                                             The threats included: the overgrowing of Lake Pape by reeds
                                                                                             and merging of reed beds; extraction of peat outside of the
WWF Latvia (Pasaules dabas                                                                   strong protection zone potentially endangers active raised bog
fonds)                                                                                       habitat; loss of wetland and meadow habitats required by
Spilas Ltd. Latvia                                                                           protected species; threats by unregulated visitor/tourist use of
Flaxfield Nature Consultancy,                                                                the area for recreational purposes; a lack of capacity of
Netherlands                                                                                  municipalities and government institutions to enforce nature
State Joint Stock Company 'Latvian                                                           regime rules and laws.
                                                                LIFE+
State Forests' Lare Herbivore                                                                It aimed to work in partnership with the two municipal authorities
Foundation (LHF), The                                                                        to develop a preservation regime for defined priority habitats
Netherlands                                                                                  such as coastal lagoons and natural raised bogs, and introduce
Wildlife and Environmental Film                                                              grassland management to maintain habitat for endangered
Production, Latvia                                                                           wetland birds. It sought to create a long-term management
                                                                                             structure, which would include management plans acceptable to
                                                                                             other stakeholders and a monitoring system to police new
                                                                                             regulations preventing illegal fishing and hunting and providing
                                                                                             protection for sensitive dunes and wetlands. This would look to
                                                                                             maintain and extend the project’s gains. Water-management
                                                                                             assessment would be made and work carried out to improve
                                                                                             exchange of water between lake, sea and source rivers. It was



                                                                                             The city of Basel in Switzerland has the highest area of green
                                                                                             roofs per capita in the world. The use of green roofs has been
City of Basel; the local business
                                       Zurich University of                                  stimulated by a combination of financial incentives and building
association,
                                       Applied Sciences                                      regulations. Building regulations have required the use of
the horticultural association,
                                       (funding for PhD         City of Basel (1 million     vegetation on roofs since their implementation in 2002. Initiatives
the green roof association,
                                       research into            Swiss Francs for 1996-1997   aiming to increase the provision of green roofs in Basel were
the Pro Natura Basel environmental
                                       potential of different   green roof incentive         initially driven by energy-saving programmes, and subsequently
organization,                                                                                                                                                       http://www.naturdach.ch/
                                       designs of green         program; 1 million more      by biodiversity conservation. The focus on green roofs was
the Department of Parks and
                                       roofs to provide         CHF for 2005-2006            promoted by the researchers from the Zurich University of
Cemeteries in the City of Basel,
                                       valuable habitat for     incentive program)           Applied
the National Department of
                                       invertebrate species                                  Sciences (ZHAW) in Wädenswil, Switzerland, who worked to
Environment, Forest and
                                       and birds)                                            influence decision-makers in Basel to amend the building
Landscapes
                                                                                             regulations and offer financial incentives to increase green roof
                                                                                             coverage.




                                                                                             The project’s overall aim was to restore, or enhance the
                                                                                             conservation status of areas of habitats for dunlin and ruff at four
                                                                                             key sites in Denmark. This would contribute significantly to the
Skov- og Naturstyrelsen (the                                                                 implementation of the national action plan for the threatened          http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Danish Forest and Nature Agency);                                                            meadow bird species. The project actions targeted 13% of the           onment/life/project/Proje
The Danish Bird Protecting                                      LIFE+                        country’s dunlin population and 9% of its ruff population. At the      cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
Foundation (Dansk Ornitologisk                                                               species’ population level, the project aimed to halt the decline of    =search.dspPage&n_pro
Förening-DOF- Fuglevearnsfonden)                                                             the two species at the four project sites, where their current         j_id=3108
                                                                                             populations are only half the size of those recorded in 1986.

                                                                                             A secondary objective was to restore to a favourable
                                                                                             The houting (Coregonus oxyrhunchus), a fish species from the           http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                             white fish family, has a complex ecology making it vulnerable to       onment/life/project/Proje
Danish Forest and Nature Agency -                                                            relatively small disturbances in its range. It was previously          cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
Regional office - Kronjylland; local                                                         distributed throughout the Wadden Sea (the Netherlands,                =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                       Danish Forest and                                     Germany and Denmark) but it has declined severely and its
and regional authorities, land and                                                                                                                                  j_id=2947;
                                       Nature Agency -                                       occurrence is now restricted to Denmark, where it reproduces in
fish farm owners, a regional                                    LIFE+                                                                                               Project Manager : Hans
                                       Regional office -                                     six river systems. The presence of even small obstacles during
angling society, and owners of                                                                                                                                      Ole HANSEN
                                       Kronjylland                                           spawning migration in rivers is one of the main impediments to
hydrological installations; Partners                                                                                                                                Tel: +45 72 54 30 00
Ribe County, Sønderjylland County                                                            successful reproduction, as the houting is unable to pass weirs        Fax: 45 74 82 61 22
                                                                                             and fish ladders. Silting of spawning grounds is also a severe         Email: ole@nst.dk;
                                                                                             problem. Furthermore, juvenile houting require large areas of          http://www.houting.dk
                                                                                             reed beds or flooded meadows, where they launch a several
                                                                                             In 1987, the Danish Government decided toforage for major
                                                                                             strategy for marginal lands e.g. farmlands of poor quality and         Project Manager : Niels
                                                                                             high maintenance requirements in areas which used to be of             Dahlin LISBORG
                                                                                             high conservation value. The overall intention was to restore          Tel: +45/394 72 000
Skov- og Naturstyrelsen, Danish
                                       Danish Ministry of                                    these to their former natural state and to introduce more              Fax: +45/394 79899
Forest and Nature Agency;
                                       the Environment and      LIFE+                        compatible land uses such as extensive grazing or recreational         Email: ndl@sns.dk;
National Environment Research
                                       Energy                                                activities. The Skjern River was to be the showpiece of this           http://ec.europa.eu/envir
Institute (NERI)
                                                                                             strategy. The preparation of a new land use plan for the area was      onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                                             funded through a previous LIFE- Environment project. The part          cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                                             involving restoring areas of conservation value for the Natura         =search.dspPage&n_pro
                                                                                             2000 network was to be carried out under this LIFE-Nature              j_id=1725
                                                                                         The Odense River (Odense Å) is one of the largest river systems
                                                                                         in Denmark. Between 1944 and 1960 important sections, around                      http://ec.europa.eu/envir
                                                                                         20 km in total, were canalised and straightened to provide more                   onment/life/project/Proje
                                                                                         farmland. This however had serious consequences for wildlife,                     cts/index.cfm?fuseaction
                                                                                         both in and near the river, which declined rapidly thereafter.                    =search.dspPage&n_pro
Danish Forest and Nature Agency,
                                      Fyn County (Fyns                                   Despite these losses, the Odense River is still the only river in                 j_id=2650;
Forest District Fyn; Fyn County                            LIFE+
                                      Amt)                                               Denmark that hosts a population of the thick-shelled river mussel                 Project Manager : Ann
(Fyns Amt)
                                                                                         (Unio crassus), a large freshwater mussel which has                               FUGLSANG
                                                                                         disappeared over much of its European range, as well as Annex                     Tel: 45 6360 1091
                                                                                         II fish species such as the spined loach (Cobitis taenia) and                     Fax: 45 6360 1049
                                                                                         brook lamprey (Lampetra planeri). Where the river drains into the                 Email: anfug@sns.dk
                                                                                         Odense Fjord there is an area of Atlantic sea meadows and
executing organisations; project
partners; communities;
associations of landscape
conservation, state association of
                                                           Community measures: 75%
bird conservation; local
                                                           funding by Bavarian funds     The project is one of the biggest in nature conservation in
environmental and conservation
                                                           for nature conservation;      Bavaria. Seven counties and five cities cooperate with the
initiatives; universities; public   local and regional                                                                                                                     http://www.sandachse.de
                                                           association measures: 85%     project’s executing organizations (Associationfor Landscape
authorities in nature conservation; inhabitants                                                                                                                            /Materialien.html
                                                           funded by Bavarian funds      Conservation Central Franconia and BUND for Nature
project group "Bayerns Netz
                                                           for nature conservation,      Conservation in Bavaria to conserve and develop sand habitats in
Natur"; state authority for
                                                           cofunded by EU (EAGFL)        the region along Rednitz, Pegnitz and Regnitz rivers.
environmental protection; Bavarian
fund for nature conservation; user                                                       The overall aim is to conserve and promote sand habitats, which
groups (Forestry, Agriculture, Sand                                                      are among the most endangered habitats in Bavaria.
extraction); companies; ...                                                              Strategies used are diverse, including environmental education,
                                                                                         promotion of sustainable use, information, acquisition of land
                                                                                         The overall aim of the LIFE-Third Countries project was to
                                                                                         establish a coastal nature reserve at Dwejra which involved
                                                                                         implementation of an integrated package of environmental                          http://ec.europa.eu/
                                                                                         measures designed to help set up Malta’s first such protected                     environment/life/proj
Nature Trust (NGO); Malta
                                                                                         area. The LIFE-TCY project objectives included: • development                     ect/Projects/index.cf
Environment and Planning                                   LIFE+
                                                                                         of a restoration, conservation and management plan; •                             m?fuseaction=search
Authority; WWF-ONLUS
                                                                                         establishing a framework for environmental management; •                          .dspPage&n_proj_id
                                                                                         strengthening the current administrative and enforcement                          =2548
                                                                                         capacities; • carrying out environmental education via a new eco-
Environment Service of the Ministry                                                      Since Cyprus joined the European Union in 2004, it has faced
of Agriculture, Natural Resources                                                        the challenge of adjusting its conservation and management
                                                                                         strategies to the concepts, priorities and procedures arising from
and the Environment; Forestry
                                                                                         EU obligations.                                                                   http://ec.europa.eu/
Dept (MANRE); Dept. Of Fisheries                                                                                                                                           environment/life/proj
and Marine Research; Game Fund                                                                                                                                             ect/Projects/index.cf
Service (MOI); National and                                LIFE+                         The European Commission mid-term assessment of
                                                                                         implementing the EC Biodiversity Action Plan reported, in 2008,                   m?fuseaction=search
Kapodistrian University of Athens;
                                                                                         that Cyprus had identified 36 SCIs under the Habitats Directive,                  .dspPage&n_proj_id
Greek Biotope Wetland Center
                                                                                         covering 711 km2 and 7 SPAs under the Birds Directive                             =2652
(EKBY); OIKOS-Nature
Mangement Ltd; Atlantis                                                                  covering 788 km2. However, it was noted that none of the Natura
Consulting Cyprus Ltd.                                                                   2000 sites had completed/agreed management plans.

                                                                                         The most conspicuous sign of urban renewal is the conversion of Kirchberg
                                                                                         highway into an urban boulevard for pedestrians, cyclists, cars and public
                                                                                         transport, connecting once separate qurters into a vibrant area.                  http://www.latzundp
                                                           Fonds d'Urbanisation et
LATZ + Partner; Lux Consult; TR                                                          The Boulevard is 60m wide and 3 km long and extends from the eastern              artner.de/projects/d
                                      city population;     d'Amenagement de Plateau      roundabout with artwork by Richard Serra to the Pont Grande Duchesse
Engineering; ARCOOP                                                                      Charlotte.
                                                                                                                                                                           etail/169; Pierre
                                      recreational users   de Kirchberg, Ministere des
(Luxembourg)                                                                             Oak pillars mark the center of the profile and are the backbone of an eight-row   Kieffer Tel.:+352
                                                           Traveaux Publics
                                                                                         avenue with two rows of oak trees and flowers on both sides along the broad       26434525
                                                                                         promenades and bike path in front of the buildings.
           Sectors                                                 Description

          Agriculture           -

                                Man-made settings for human activity. Buildings, houses, roads, services and
      Built environment
                                the infrastructure to provide them, etc.

           Energy               Energy and electricity supply.

           Fishery              -

           Forestry             -

            Health              -

           Tourism              -

          Transport             -

  Urban & regional planning     Infrastructure and land use planning, development and renewal.

                                Rivers, coasts, floodplains, natural retention basins, groundwater recharge
            Water
                                zones, etc.

      Nature protection




     Actions/Measures                                              Description

                               assess existing GI features/ elements and its functionality in order to identify
Identification/Mapping/Spatial
                               how it needs to be improved (e.g. where restoration or development is needed)
             Planning
                               and where there is a need to enhance connectivity

   Legal designation of GI      e.g. protection under the Natura 2000 network, national parks, nature
       areas/features           reserves, etc.

                                maintaining protected areas, corridors and stepping stones; taking actions
   Maintenance/protection       specifically aiming to benefit a particular habitat or species (e.g. conservation
                                of a breeding ground area for migrating birds)

         Restoration            e.g. bog and mire, wetland, fish stock

                                creation of connectivity features, green roofs, new green (urban) areas (e.g.
Creating new GI components
                                parks), sustainable use areas, habitats (national forest area, etc)…
                                aiming to increase the knowledge of a certain species, or of specific
      Research/Analysis
                                habitat/ecosystem functions or features; testing/developing appropriate
                                management practices (e.g. impact of cover crops on soil erosion)
 Increasing public awareness    public awareness campaign, production of guidance documents


         Combination




GI Elements


                                Large areas of healthy and functioning ecosystems with minimal intervention
                                required (e.g. national parks, forest reserves, IUCN categories I and II);
       Protected areas
                                smaller areas that require management intervention (e.g. Natura 2000, IUCN
                                category IV).

                                Reforestation zones, increased foraging areas, new areas of habitat for
      Restoration zones
                                ecosystem services.

                                Areas for improved ecological quality and permeability of landscape.
    Sustainable use areas       Sustainable economic land uses that help maintain or restore healthy
                                ecosystems (e.g. IUCN categories V and VI, biosphere reserves).


      Green urban areas         Parks, gardens, grassy verges; green walls, green roofs.


     Natural connectivity       Ecological corridors (hedgerows, wildlife strips) stepping stones, riparian river
           features             vegetation, etc.


    Artificial connectivity     Those features designed specifically to assist species movement (e.g. green
            features            bridges, eco-ducts, etc.).

                                areas in which the focus is on human and cultural benefits and the side-effect is
    Multifunctional zones
                                improved ecologic services, restoration, etc




      Main Objectives                                              Description                                                                  Practical examples
                                                                                                                                                 bog and mire restoration, increasing the use
                                                                                                                    water retention
                                                                                                                                                 of sustainable soil mangment practices
                                                                                                                                                 improving riparian vegetation, restoring
 Improved water quality and     Includes actions on water purification and regulation, such as improvement of       water purification
                                                                                                                                                 wetlands
          supply                riparian vegetation and wetland restoration.
                                                                                                                                                 restoring floodplains, removing barriers to
                                                                                                                    flood management
                                                                                                                                                 river movement
                                                                                                                    recreational areas

                                                                                                                                                 through bog and mire restoration and by
                                                                                                                    carbon retention             increasing sustainable farming and forestry
                                                                                                                                                 practices
 Climate change adaptation      Enhancing ecosystem resilience and functioning, help society to adapt to                                         restoring floodplains, removing barriers to
       and mitigation           climate change.                                                                     flood management
                                                                                                                                                 river movement

                                                                                                                                                 restoring dune systems, maintaining salt
                                                                                                                    coastal protection
                                                                                                                                                 marshes

                                Combating biodiversity loss by protecting and improving areas of high
                                                                                                                    creating protected areas,
                                conservation value, restoring new areas of habitat where possible and
                                                                                                                    corridors and stepping
   Biodiversity conservation    improving connectivity between existing natural areas through increasing the
                                                                                                                    stones (as ecological
                                permeability of the wider landscape and the protection of spatial connectivity
                                                                                                                    networks)
                                features.

                                                                                                                                                 soil protection zones, sustainable agriculture
        Soil protection
                                                                                                                                                 and land management, afforestation

                                                                                                                    job creation

                                                                                                                    local air quality            planting urban trees, creating parks,
Human health, quality of life                                                                                       improvement                  conserving forests, establishing shelter belts
     and well-being
Human health, quality of life
     and well-being
                                                                                                                    fish stock restoration        no take zones

                                                                                                                    establishing recreational
                                                                                                                    areas

                                                                                                                                                  Restoration of endangered peaty and wet
                                                                                                                                                  habitats

                                                                                                                                                  Planting trees, converting areas,
                                                                                                                                                  implementation of appropriate and long-term
                                                                                                                       Sustainable land use       management (e.g. by protecting nature
                                Taking actions specifically aiming to improve ecological quality and permeability
                                                                                                                    (management practices to      reserves; developing grazing management of
  Sustainable management        of landscapes (addressing multiple ecosystem services and functions) at a long-
                                                                                                                    create, restore or maintain   wet meadows)
                                term perspective
                                                                                                                     the habitat type desired)    The objective of the project was to bring
                                                                                                                                                  1256 ha of active raised bog back up to a
                                                                                                                                                  favourable condition by reducing existing or
                                                                                                                                                  potential threats within the eleven sites and
                                                                                                                                                  to increase the area of raised bog by a
                                                                                                                                                  further 315 ha through the clearance of
                                                                                                                                                  trees, scrub and heather.

                                A combination of the above (recognising that GI can provide specific ecosystem
        Combination             services or be multifunctional and provide a range of services as well as
                                meeting biodiversity conservation objectives)




Implementation Instruments



         Regulative             directive, regulation, spatial/regional plans


                                subsidies, private funding, payments for ecosystem services, incentives,
          Financing
                                compensation

   Information and public
                                public awareness campaign, capacity building, guidance documents
         awareness


          Research

								
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