Honduras_Post_Assessment_2011 by cuiliqing


									                                                          Rev. 02-2011

Document 522

CHAPTER: Northeastern University
COUNTRY: Honduras
COMMUNITY:El Carrizalito
PROJECT:Water Project

            PREPARED BY
            Megan Fritz, Christine Abichaker, John Chase, Javier
            Cartegna, Matt Walsh, Dan Saulnier, Alexandra Unger

            Submittal Date:

   Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                          Rev. 02-2011
   Northeastern University
   El Carrizalito, Honduras
   Water Project

   Post-Assessment Report Part 1 – Administrative
   1.0      Contact Information

                        Name                   Email            Phone             Chapter

Project Lead         Alexandra     Director.Honduras.EWB      978-609-           EWB-NEU
                     Unger         NEU@gmail.com              2138
Design Lead          Megan Fritz   Designlead.Honduras.EW     781-307-           EWB-NEU
                                   BNEU@gmail.com             3629
President            Matt Walsh    President.ewbneu@gmail.    603-533-           EWB-NEU
                                   com                        0004
Mentor #1            Daniel        Daniel.Saulnier@gmail.co   617-283-           Boston
                     Saulnier      m                          8295
Mentor #2                                                                        EWB-NEU
Faculty Advisor      Ferdinand     fhellweger@gmail.com       917-238-           EWB-NEU
(if applicable)      Hellweger                                3010
Health and Safety    John Chase    Johnch22@gmail.com         617-943-           EWB-NEU
Officer                                                       7851
Assistant Health     Daniel        Daniel.Saulnier@gmail.co   617-283-           EWB-NEU
and Safety           Saulnier      m                          8295
Education Lead       Christine     Recruitment.ewbneu@gm      617-818-           EWB-NEU
                     Abichaker     ail.com                    3743
NGO/Community        Dean Sibert                                                 ACTS

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                Rev. 02-2011
Northeastern University
El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

2.0     Travel History

        Dates of Travel             Assessment or                Description of Trip
      August 2005            Assessment                        El Tecuán Project
      April 2006             Implementation                    El Tecuán Project
                             Assessment                        Los Planes Project
      April 2007             Phase IA Implementation           Los Planes Project
      December 2007          Phase IB Implementation           Los Planes Project
      April 2008             Phase II Implementation           Los Planes Project
                             Assessment                        El Chaguite Project
      December 2008          Phase I Implementation            El Chaguite Project
      April 2010             Phase II Implementation           El Chaguite Project
      December 2010          Assessment                        El Carrizalito

3.0     Travel Team

        Name                  E-mail                Phone      Chapter         Student or
Megan Fritz         Designlead.Honduras.EWBN    781-307-3629   NEU             Student
Daniel Saulnier     Daniel.saulnier@gmail.com   617-283-8295   Boston          Professional
Christine Abichaker Recruitment.EWBNEU@gm       617-818-3743   NEU             Student
Jabier Cartegna     JabierCartagena@gmail.com   339-933-3946   NEU             Student

Matt Walsh            President.EWBNEU@gmail.   603-533-0004   NEU             Student
John Chase            Johnch22@gmail.com        617-943-7851   NEU             Student

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                          Rev. 02-2011
Northeastern University
El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

4.0   Health and Safety
      This trip required walking through tall grass on various occasions and therefore resulted
      in team members acquiring ticks. All ticks were appropriately removed and the bites
      taken care of. Team members also acquired small red bites in various places. This
      happens on every trip to Honduras. All these bites cause is itching and reddening of the

      4.1    Incident Reports
             Did any safety incidents occur during this trip? ___Yes X        No

5.0   Budget

      The following sections outline the budget for the assessment of El Carrizalito and EWB-
      NEU’s sources of donations and sponsors. The budget includes the total amount for
      groceries, gas, transportation, hired help, etc. for the entire trip. A certain amount of time
      was devoted to nearby villages such as Los Planes, Los Oreros, La Conception, and Santa

      5.1    Budget Breakdown
      Table 5-1 below shows a detailed breakdown of the expenses for this assessment trip.

             Table 1: Detailed Budget

               Description                                     Amount ($)
               Travel      Airfare                             $3,430.20
               Materials              Car rental/Gas            $1444.18
                          Construction Materials                $223.84
               Hired Help Translator, Laundress, Guides, Cooks  $131.58
               Lodging    Hotel                                  $40.00
                                        Groceries               $406.32
                          Restaurants/other food                $309.84
               Misc                     Exit Visas               $43.32
                                          Other                 $168.32
                                          Total                 $936.36

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 Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                        Rev. 02-2011
 Northeastern University
 El Carrizalito, Honduras
 Water Project

        5.2    Donations and Sponsors
 Our funds were compiled from corporate and private donations. The following is a list of all of
 our funding sources. A total of $7,135 was spent on the Assessment trip to Carrizalito, of which
 $5,000 was raised from corporate sponsors:

 SEA Consultants Inc.                         Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc
 Simpson, Gumpertz, & Heger                   Natgun Corporation
 Trimble Mountain Division                    National Grid

 A total of $2,135 was raised from private donations:
 Mark & Renee Walsh                           Richard & Kathleen Scranton
 Marta & Robert Tillman                       Thomas Sheahan
 Fontbonne Academy                            Daniel Saulnier

 6.0    Professional Mentor/Technical Lead Hours

 Name and Position                           During trip    Pre-trip hours      Post-trip hours     Total Hours
                                             hours          per week
 Program Director (Alexandra Unger)          0              4                   2 weeks             128+2 weeks
 Design Lead (Megan Fritz)                   32             4                   2 weeks             128+2 weeks
 Professional Mentor (Daniel Saulnier)       32             3                   2 weeks             96+2 weeks
 Other Team Members (5 )                     32             3                   2 weeks             480+2 weeks

 7.0    Project Discipline(s): Check the specific project discipline(s) addressed in this
        report. Check all that apply.

 Water Supply                     Structures                         Agriculture
_X__ Source Development           ____Bridge                         ____ Irrigation Pump
_X__ Water Storage                ____Building                       ____ Irrigation Line
_X__ Water Distribution                                              ____ Water Storage
____ Water Treatment              Civil Works                        ____ Soil Improvement
____ Water Pump                   ____ Roads                         ____ Fish Farm
                                  ____ Drainage                      ____ Crop Processing
Sanitation                        ____ Dams                               Equipment
____ Latrine
____ Gray Water System            Energy                             Information Systems
____ Black Water System           ____ Fuel                          ____ Computer Service
                                  _X_ Electricity

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                           Rev. 09-2010
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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

8.0   Project Location
      Longitude: 87°18’19.93” W
      Latitude: 15°15’32.45”N

      Figure 1: GPS Location of the Village of El Carrizalito

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                        Rev. 09-2010
Northeastern University
El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

Post Assessment Report Part 2 – Technical Information
      This report summarizes the events that occurred and the data collected from the small
      village of El Carrizalito. The community has a population of about 186 people who have
      limited access to water. Only reachable by a narrow path about an hour away from any
      main road and electricity, El Carrizalito’s only water source is located at an elevation
      much lower than all the houses in the village. EWB-NEU’s goal is to bring water closer
      to the villagers’ homes via an electric pump and a gravity fed water distribution system.
      This project will involve several phases, the planning of which are under development,
      but which may include: electricity, pump tank, transmission main, distribution tank,
      distribution system, community tap stands, source reconstruction and drainage system.

      The Honduras Design Committee of the Northeastern Chapter of Engineers Without
      Borders has focused its efforts in the Yoro District of Honduras for the last five years. To
      date, EWB-NEU has brought water to over 600 people in three villages. The team has
      completed a total of seven trips to the region since the start of the program, including two
      assessment trips and five implementation trips. EWB-NEU has completed projects in El
      Tecuán, Los Planes, and El Chaguite.

      EWB-NEU started in El Tecuán in 2005 alongside Americans Caring Teaching Sharing
      (ACTS). After the initial assessment trip, EWB-NEU returned to El Tecuán to conduct
      repairs and upgrades on a major section of the water distribution system. These repairs
      restored reliable water service to a major portion of the village.

      The second project was located in the village of Los Planes and was separated into
      multiple phases. The first phase consisted of the installation of a new pipeline to the
      village from the most reliable local water source. This pipeline was two miles in length
      and traversed several ravines. Upon completion of the second phase, the distribution
      system was fully functional with taps for each of the homes.

      In El Chaguite, the team designed a new system, including transmission and distribution
      lines as well as a 6,500-gallon water storage tank. The El Chaguite Project was designed
      to include a tap for each house, the school, and at both churches. It was completed in two
      phases. The first phase consisted of the layout of the distribution system and construction
      of the transmission main. The second phase consisted of construction of the water storage
      tank and the taps at each house.

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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project
      EWB-NEU will now be starting this new project in the village of El Carrizalito. Based on
      our successful history with water projects and our relationship with the community, this
      project fits in well with our program’s capabilities.


      3.1    San Pedro Sula
      As soon as the travel team got settled in the hotel room, we made a visit to Rigo Romero.
      Rigo pointed us in the right direction to start looking at different pump stores located
      nearby. One of the stores he mentioned was called Bhomosa where we met Jennifer
      Valdez, one of the saleswomen at the store. She agreed to send us all the catelogs of the
      pumps and tanks they hold at the store. We then visited a store called Solaris to learn
      about their solar products, which was considered to power the pump. Rigo put us in
      contact with a family friend who was interested in going to Northeastern University. We
      met her father named Jose Arriaga who used to work at Empres Nacional De Energia
      Electrica (ENEE) who put us in contact with an electrical engineer by the name of Martin
      Castillo and his boss Jeovany Garcia.

      3.2    El Carrizalito
      The purpose of this trip was to gather all necessary data from El Carrizlito necessary to
      decide what the next project will be. The main goals of this trip was to survey throughout
      the village, determine possible tank site locations, conduct health surveys, conduct water
      quality tests, gain valuable GPS data points throughout the village, make a contour map
      and decipher the possible next steps of the project.

      Major accomplishments:

      1) Gathered GPS coordinates at each surveyed elevation and other points of interest
      2) Gathered survey data of all possible tank locations, current houses, new house sites,
         surrounding the source, possible tank locations and all major peaks (See Appendix C)
      3) Created detailed contour maps of village (See Mapping Section)
      4) Assessed and gathered flow data from the source box (See Appendix C)
      5) Water Board contract written and signed between EWB-NEU and the Patronados of
         El Carrizalito until a Water Board is created (See Section 7)
      6) Conducted water quality tests at source and pozos (See Appendix B)
      7) Meet with an electrical engineering named Martin Castillo in El Carrizalito and
         plotted possible pole locations (See Section 5.1.1) to expand the electrical grid in
         order to power a pump that would be used in accordance with the rest of a gravity-fed
         water distribution system
      8) Continued to discuss with Jeovany Garcia at ENEE regarding the electrical design
         (See Appendix A) and received material quotes regarding the design.

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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

     3.3    Santa Rosa
     First, the travel team visited the village of Santa Rosa, where we toured their village with
     the president of the Water Board, Maria Pastora Paz and a couple other members to
     examine the current state of their system. There is a current water system of pipe located
     throughout the entire village but recently their water does not reach all of the houses due
     to a burst pipe. They had their first system built in 2002 by SANAA but stopped working
     due to the natural environment and a tropical storm. Mel, who got sent by the
     municipality of Yoro, then built them another system in 2009. A new source box was
     installed which also acts as their tank. It cast 8000 lempiras to build the new system. 4000
     lempira was paid for by the village and the other 4000 was granted to them by the
     municipality. One of the connections was made with the wrong coupling which was
     causing the pipe to leak and therefore we brought them the correct 1 ½” coupling.
     Separate from the burst pipe and wrong fitting, houses on one side of the river are
     receiving water on and off whereas the houses on the other side are not receiving water at
     all. Unfortunately there are no plans of the system written on paper. The travel team also
     conducted a water quality tests at the source which resulted in many non-fecal coliform
     colonies which means…Though the next project is in El Carrizalito, the team may keep
                                                                                                    Co mment [MEF1]: Get resul t s and l ocat i ons from Chri sti ne. Al so ask what t hey di d t he day t hey went back t here.

     this village in mind for a future project.

     3.4    Los Oreros
     On Christmas Day, the travel team visited Los Oreros, where only four houses have
     access to piped water from the neighboring village of La Reinada and eight do not. While
     in the village of Los Oreros, the team asked a series of questions to determine the
     population, where villagers currently get their water, what they use their water for, and if
     there are latrines. The travel team also toured the village to take water quality samples
     and pressure readings at the sources and houses that have taps.

     After this visit, the travel team decided to make Los Oreros a project that would be
     conducted simultaneously with El Carrizaltio. Please see the Los Oreros Addendum
     attached to the end of this report for more information.

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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

     Figure 2: Santa Luca’s house in Los Oreros

     3.5      Los Planes
     The travel team visited Los Planes to check and make sure their water system is
     continuing to run smoothly. While the team was visiting Los Planes, a water quality of
     the source was taken and came back with zero colonies of fecal and non-fecal coliform
     which are very good results. While in Los Planes, the EWB-NEU travel team was thrilled
     to learn that the villagers of are now able to independently take care of their water
     system. When we asked how the system was running, we were told that one of the pipes
     had burst. Immediately we started taking notes in our notebooks expecting to have to go
     buy materials and return to Los Planes to fix the problem. We were thrilled to learn the
     Water Board has been continuing to collect a tax and have a bank account of funds that is
     used to maintain the system. Therefore the Water Board had the funds necessary to
     repair it on their own without EWB’s involvement. Not only are the people of Los Planes
     maintain their own system, they even extended the system to a couple new houses. This
     is a great success for Los Planes and EWB-NEU because one of the most important
     aspects of the projects we work on is sustainability. The village of Los Planes has become
     a role model for all villages where EWB-NEU projects are implemented.

     3.6      El Chaguite
     The travel team revisited El Chaguite which is EWB-NEU’s most recent project. We first
     decided to examine the new system and started by going to the source box. Upon
     reaching the source, we identified the cement supports were not built yet under the G.I.

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                       Rev. 09-2010
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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project
     pipe and the trench holding the G.I. pipe was not backfilled. We then walked the
     transmission main line and looked at the first air valve which did not have a valve box yet
     constructed. We then walked up to the first cleanout where the valve box for the cleanout
     has also not been constructed yet. We also noticed one of the PVC valves was leaking
     due to a bad joint which needs to be addressed and replaced with a new two-inch valve.
     We then examined the second air valve closest to the tank for which the valve box for
     this air valve has been started. We opened it and a small amount of air came out, which
     was a good sign. All of these tasks will be completed eventually just over a longer period
     of time according to Purification. On this trip, the team found the tank completed, and
     half of the new distribution system in use. Only half of the system was in use because the
     villagers were very skeptical about the water distribution system working. Hopefully their
     skepticism has receded after our visit and determining one of the houses who used to
     never have water now has a very high water pressure. As-builts of the tank were sketched
     out to compare with the original design. Water quality tests were also conducted at
     various locations. There were a lot of non-fecal coliform colonies at three of the houses in
     El Chaguite. One of the houses contained non-fecal coliform colonies and 3 colonies of
     fecal coliform. The water quality test at the new distribution tank came back with many
     fecal and non-fecal coliform colonies.

     Figure 3: The Completed Tank in El Chaguite

                                                                                                    Co mment [MEF2]: Goi ng t o add more i n-dept h i nformat i on

     3.7     La Conception
     The purpose of the teams visit to La Conception was to follow up on our visit there in
     April of 2010, and to convey to the head of the water board that EWB-NEU would not be

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                          Rev. 09-2010
Northeastern University
El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project
      able to work in their village for the next project since we were already committed in El
      Carrizalito. Since our next project couldn’t be in La Conception, we told the head of the
      water board that we would take water quality samples of their current source and a new
      potential source the village was thinking of using. The results of the water quality tests
      were delivered via letter. The results of the water quality test at the potential source sights
      and a tap at one of the houses came back with no colonies whereas the water quality test
      taken at the current source came back with one non-fecal coliform colony.


      4.1    Description of Community
      El Carrizalito is a village of about 31 homes and 184 people. Most of the people are
      subsistence farmers who own their own fields throughout the mountains surrounding the
      village. There are three empty houses in the village along with one church and one
      school. There are no roads running through or leading to the village, and getting there
      from the nearest road is about an hour hike up the mountain. The village sits at an
      elevation of about 3,500 feet. The earth of the village mostly consists of what the team
      guessed to most closely resemble clay, which results in water pooling on the surface for
      days without being absorbed. The villagers do not have electricity, and less than a quarter
      of the homes have latrines. Most of the villagers have farmland on the surrounding
      mountaintops where they grow mainly corn and beans. A few of the homes have gardens
      as well, mostly due to the efforts of one of our partner organizations, Sustainable Harvest

      Some of the homes have rainwater catchment systems that Sustainable Harvest
      International (SHI) helped to build; however, the main water source is approximately 250
      feet below the village and is comprised of a source box and a pila.A pila is a basin that is
      filled with water for use throughout the day. The pila at the source is used for washing
      clothes and bathing. The men and women have different times of the day when they bathe
      at the pila. Water for drinking and cooking is collected from a tap at the front of the
      source box. Because the source is below the village, designing a gravity fed water system
      is not possible. Therefore, in order to bring water closer to the village, a pump will be

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                         Rev. 09-2010
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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

     Figure 4: Doing Laundry at the El Carrizalito pila.

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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

Figure 5: El Carrizalito (School on left)

         4.2       Community and Partnering Organization/NGO Resources and
         EWB-NEU has been very fortunate to develop a close partnership with the non-profit
         organization Americans, Caring, Teaching, Sharing (ACTS) while working in Honduras.
         ACTS is an organization that focuses on community development. The EWB-NEU team
         always learns a lot from ACTS’ experience. ACTS also allows EWB-NEU to stay in their
         bunkhouse and hire their capable local staff. They keep the group up to date with local
         happenings, and their frequent trips to the area allow EWB-NEU the opportunity to send
         letter back and forth to the communities with which we work.

         ACTS introduced EWB-NEU to another non-profit organization, Sustainable Harvest
         International (SHI). SHI focuses on training farmers in sustainable and economical
         agricultural techniques

         By combining resources with ACTS and SHI, EWB-NEU is able to help many more
         people. As soon as a village has enough water, SHI shows the people how to grow
         vegetable gardens. With water, ACTS can teach people about personal hygiene,
         including dental care, etc. There are many more opportunities for improving the quality
         of life for people once they have water.

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                      Rev. 09-2010
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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

                                                                                                   Co mment [MEF3]: Thi s i s very generali zed. Suggest you i nt roduce it as such, t hen get i nt o specifics on ?? (expand on speci fi cs).

     4.3    Community Relations
     The villagers provide great assistance and input throughout the entire project process.
     They are very hard workers and are enthusiastic about bringing water to their village.
     EWB-NEU trains the villagers how to build and maintain their water system, including
     techniques such as pipe laying and concrete mixing. The villagers are also responsible
     for the physical labor involved in the implementation, including trench digging and
     material transport within the village. Without the help of the local villagers, none of the
     projects EWB-NEU has worked on would be completed.

     Members of the Water Board are in charge of maintaining the water distribution system
     and collecting water taxes from each household. They play an integral part in the
     development of the water system so they can learn how it operates and how to maintain
     it. During the assessment trip the team signed an agreement with the Patronados, or
     elected leaders of El Carrizalito, and the villagers have agreed to form a Water Board.
     The EWB-NEU team will stay in communication with the village via letters and phone
     calls, keeping the Water Board actively engaged and involved in any design and
     implementation plans.

     4.4    Community Priorities

     The EWB-NEU team met with the community, and it was evident that their main priority
     is making water more easily accessible. As it is, the villagers must walk down the side of
     the mountain to reach their water and then must carry it back up the hill. Unanimously,
     the villagers had no specific requests other than to have the water available in their
     village to eliminate the long walk down the hill that they must make every day.

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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

Figure 6: Carlos, a villager stricken with polio at a young age, carrying his water up the steep trail.


5.1                Summary of Data

                   5.1.1          Electrical Pole Layout Data
                                              Distance From
    Pole             GPS Elevation                  Last
   Number          (meters) (feet)          (meters)      (feet)                  Description
     1                915    278.96            ----                   Beer Fuente
     2                974    296.95          400.00      121.95       Dead Tree
     3               1034    315.24          195.00      59.45        Tall, Thin Pine
     4               1056    321.95          235.00      71.65        Matt &Megan, 2nd Hill from road
     5               1095    333.84          640.00      195.12       Cleared Field
     6               1106    337.20          85.00       25.91        Shrubby Tree Top
     7               1063    324.09          560.00      170.73       Nortis Hill

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       8      1100 ±             350.00     106.71    Green Top
       9        ----             250.00     76.22     10 Dollar Hill
      10        ----             400.00     121.95    Hill Southeast of Source
      11        ----             60.00      18.29     Ultimo Pole
             Dec 21st, 2010

             GPS Elevations are unconfirmed
             Poles cannot interfere with Future Roads (10 meters wide)

             Total Distance Spanned = 3175 m=1.97 miles

             5.1.2       El Carrizalito Flow Rate Data at Source

Trail A:     Trial B:     Trial C:                             Pilla Dimensions
Inch Time Inch Time Inch Time                                 Total Depth         1 foot
7       0:30   5       0    5      0                          Inner width         32.5"
8       1:05   6     0:33  5.5    0:13                        inner length        56.75"
9       1:41  6.5    0:51   6     0:30                        inner length        56.5"
9.5     1:58   7     1:07  6.5    0:47                        inner length         56"
                                                               inner width        32.5"
10      2:17   8     1:43   7     1:04
                                                            inner width(top)       32.5
10.5 2:37     8.5    2:00  7.5    1:21
                                                                 bottom           32.75
11      2:57   9     2:17   8     1:39
              9.5      2:36    8.5   1:56
              10       2:55     9    2:14
             10.5      3:14    9.5   2:33
              11       3:33    10    2:52
                              10.5   3:10
                               11    3:30
Flow from source = 9gpm

5.2          Mapping


       6.1   Monitoring of past-implemented projects

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Water Project

Project         Date of Completion     Functionality (enter one      Enhancement Duplication
Discipline      (month/day/year)       range per project)            (yes or no) (yes or no)
                                        0-50%     50-75%   75-100%
El Tequan       April 2006             100%                          No             No
Los Planes      April 2008             100%                          Yes            No
El Chaguite     April 2010             90%                           No             No

This contract is between El Carrizalito and the Northeastern University Chapter of Engineers
Without Borders (EWB-NEU) for the purpose of setting guidelines for creating a water system in
the community. The purpose of this contract is to ensure the people of El Carrizalito are fully
committed to this project and are willing to assist EWB-NEU in any way that is possible. This
contract is also to ensure the people of El Carrizalito that EWB-NEU will follow through with
this project until completion.

       The people of El Carrizalito agree to the following:
       In agreeing to work with El Carrizalito our goal is to improve the health of
          everyone in the village, not just those who can afford to pay a tax. We
          encourage you to find ways to provide clean water to everyone.
        The Patronados is acting on behalf of the village but the whole community is
       agreeing to this contract. Once the Water Board is established, they will
       represent the village with all matters concerning the project.
        The Water Board will work with EWB-NEU to prevent new house construction
       from contaminating the source.
        The water board will work with EWB-NEU to understand and educate the
       community on protecting their water system.
        The community of El Carrizalito will hold annual elections for Water Board
        All families agree to participate in the work of constructing the system.
        Community members agree to pay a household tax to be used for maintenance
       and repairs of the water system.
        The community members of El Carrizalito agree to provide the labor to
       construct all phases of the project.
        Members of the community must provide necessary “physical items” (horses,
       people etc. . .) for completion of the project as well as transportation of all
       material to the village from the nearest road.
        The community members will allow the EWB-NEU team to stay overnight in
       the village when necessary.

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       Once constructed, the Water board of El Carrizalito is responsible for
      encouraging the community to conserve water to prevent water shortages.
       Residents of El Carrizalito agree to let EWB-NEU work on their fuente.
       El Carrizalito agrees to continue to maintain their water system.

      EWB-NEU agrees to the following:
       EWB-NEU will work with El Carrizalito to design and construct a water
       EWB-NEU will raise money to pay for materials and skilled labor.
       EWB-NEU will keep in touch in between trips.
       EWB-NEU will teach community members how to maintain their system.
       EWB-NEU will seek input from the village during the design process but will
      not submit plans for approval by a third party such as COMASY.
       EWB-NEU will provide as-build drawings to El Carrizalito after project
                                                                                                          Co mment [MEF4]: Incl ude names of wat er board who si gned

      Signed: Megan Fritz, Chrsitine Abichaker, Matt Walsh, John Chase, Javier
      Cartegna, Dan Saulnier,
                                                                                                          Co mment [MEF5]: What was t he date t hi s was si gned?


        Prior to embarking on our most recent assessment trip to Honduras, EWB-NEU had
        researched a variety of options in terms of bringing power for water pumping
        applications to the village of El Carrizalito. Located 1,200 vertical feet above the village
        of El Rosario, and over a mile from the nearest tie-in point to the electrical grid, our
        group was skeptical about the feasibility of extending the grid to the village while
        keeping the project within manageable financial boundaries. Located to the east of the
        village, the source is also the farthest point for potential electrical grid extension, further
        complicating the design and implementation of this system.

        Additionally, EWB-NEU has spent countless hours researching alternative energy
        options, including solar energy, wind power, diesel-powered generators, and
        mechanically driven systems such as a “merry-go-round” type pump setup operated by
        farm animals.

        By chance, the travel team met a representative of the national electric company, ENEE,
        on one of the team’s first days in San Pedro Sula. After describing the goals of our trip in
        detail, the ENEE representative agreed to send an engineer to the village to work with our
        team. Just one week later, the Honduran electrical engineer came to the village to work
        with our team and evaluate the possibility of an electrical grid extension. For more than
        eight hours, the team worked alongside the engineer to scout electrical pole locations

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          from the main road in the valley all the way to the village water source. ENEE informed
          the team that bringing electricity to the village would be much easier than originally
          thought. This was due largely in part to the vast amount of work that ENEE and EWB-
          NEU agreed could be completed by the local population. Furthermore, the total estimated
          cost of materials came in at around $10,000, a number deemed feasible by the leaders of

          El Carrizalito’s 186 residents reside approximately 300 vertical feet above the village’s
          potable water source. On the assessment trip, several potential tank sites were identified,
          mapped, and surveyed for later use during design of the village’s water distribution
          system. If water can be pumped to a tank that is above the current house elevations, this
          project is feasible.

          In the end, the team left Honduras inspired to work hard to bring this project to fruition.
          Through the determination of the villagers, coupled with a strong desire by our members
          to alleviate the poverty they had encountered, a project once deemed near impossible is
          now well within reach. EWB-NEU was inspired by conversations with the engineer from
          ENEE, who mentioned a responsibility to help his fellow Hondurans in any way possible.
          Since returning to the states, the team has maintained regular contact with ENEE via
          telephone and email. It is clear that the community, the government, and EWB-NEU are
          all dedicated to seeing this project through to completion.


Through their experiences in the field, the EWB-NEU travel team has compiled a list of lessons
learned to help travel teams.

         $100 bills are needed – The banks no longer accept small bills, such as $20s or $50s.
         Assign responsibility for the daily log the day before – this prepares the logger so that
          he/she will be able to take good notes of the day’s events.
         The travel team should become experts on existing systems before departing for
          Honduras – the time spent discussing the system could be put to better use.
         It’s essential for the travel team to train the next travel team.
         Always carry some money with you whenever you leave the bunkhouse – you never
          know when you’re going to need it.
         When setting up meetings, be sure to verify that people are coming and be open to night
          meetings – people work during the day and may not be available.
         Make it a habit to always talk to Ronis and Dionisio about the day’s plan before leaving
          the bunkhouse.
         Every Honduran has a personal Identification Number – similar to a US social security

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     Bring sewing needles on trips – needles can be used for removing splinters and possibly
     Bring shopping bags to wrap up books in when it rains – our notes contain valuable
      information and survey data, these cannot get wet and/or damaged.
     Bring bathing suits for the Honduran Arabic Club – you can get into this club with a US


      11.1 John Chase
      I saw, learned, and did so much on the trip that it is very difficult to distill all of my
      reflections into a few brief paragraphs. However, several things in particular stand out in
      my mind. First of all, for all of the technical work we do in EWB, designing systems,
      running calculations, writing reports and the like, in the end, it is all overshadowed by the
      human element. In the end, the key to all of our projects are the people; the people who
      help us design and plan the projects, the people who help us to complete them, and the
      people who will ultimately benefit from them, including those who have not yet been
      born. It is the people of Honduras who make our projects successful. We can provide
      them with technical guidance and funding, but only they can make our plans a reality. As
      an engineering student, I used to see the engineering profession as a cut and dry world of
      absolutes, that there was always a right and wrong answer. However, after this trip, I
      have gained a very different perspective. Good engineering solutions do not come from
      darkened rooms far removed from the end use, but rather through talking and working
      with the people that will be affected by, or benefit from the solution.

      On the trip we met some truly amazing people, who really motivated us to work hard and
      do our best to try and help the people of El Carrizalito. Carlos, a man from El Carrizalito
      who had lost the use of his legs at a young age, despite all the difficulties he faces every
      day, was always very cheerful and more than willing to help us. He was one of the most
      inspiring people that I have ever met. Roberto, head of the Patronados (village elders) of
      El Carrizalito was another remarkable figure. He spent days showing us around his
      village and patiently watching us work in order to learn more about what we were doing
      so that he could help his village. I was in awe of the pride that all of the people we met
      had in their homes, villages, and country, and the dedication that they showed towards
      our project, and every aspect of their lives. It was truly a humbling experience.

      This trip also reinforced in me an appreciation for just how fortunate we are as students at
      Northeastern. I had always know in the back of my mind that we were very lucky to live
      in the United States and to be at the forefront of our generation as university students, but
      this sentiment was usually drowned out in the little ups and downs of everyday life.
      However, traveling to Honduras, and seeing what it truly means to be without at the most

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     basic needs, really struck a chord with me. It made me reevaluate my own life and think
     about what is really necessary, and how much I take for granted. One of our guides, a
     grown man, had a pink notebook with a kitten on it. At first, I made fun of him in my
     head, thinking he was just trying to be funny, but then I realized that he cherished it,
     because it was the only one that he had, which really made me feel ignorant for taking so
     much for granted. However, I believe this trip has changed me as a person, and has
     certainly inspired me to become more aware of the plight of others, and how I can do my
     part to give back.

     11.2 Matt Walsh

     Prior to my trip to Honduras, there were a few things I simply didn’t understand about
     EWB and the model I’ve lived by for the past three years. Honestly, I didn’t really know
     if the model worked. I’d been to Uganda; in fact, I’d helped get the program off the
     ground just a year and a half prior to traveling to Honduras. I had some lingering doubts.
     I hadn’t yet seen the results of our labor: the three years I’d spent in meetings,
     fundraising, and constant discussions regarding the status of our projects and I had never
     laid eyes on a tap or a tank that our group had implemented. All of this changed in
     December of 2010, thus solidifying the EWB implementation model in my mind. By
     providing me with the opportunity to witness both the completion of a major project and
     the start of a new project being undertaken by our group, this trip allowed me to come
     full circle in the EWB implementation process.

     For starters, I must note that I spent two weeks with some of the hardest working EWB
     students in the Northeastern chapter. Day in and day out, for seventeen days, we were up
     with the roosters and remained up until long after the sounds of the hustle and bustle in
     the village had subsided.

     I was fortunate to have spent the first eighteen years of my life living in an affluent
     community in rural New Hampshire, and the last three attending a top private university
     in Boston. Having said this, my Christmases (and the holidays in general) were always
     filled with food, family, and of course, presents. This year, however, all of that changed. I
     spent Christmas thousands of miles from family, received a single small present (a book
     that had been stuffed in my bag by my mother on the night before our departure), and sat
     down to a small meal prepared by a group of gracious Honduran villagers.

     If I live another eighty years, I know I’ll never forget the Christmas I spent in Honduras.
     We arose on Christmas morning to a breakfast of oatmeal and “Christmas bread,” a
     special treat from our cooks Santiago and Rita. We then engaged in our usual routine of
     washing up and packing our packs and climbed into the truck around 8:30 for our ride to
     Los Oreros, a remote village that had asked our last travel team for our assistance back in
     May and one we knew (through our partner organization) was in desperate need of it. If
     ever I thought I knew what was coming that day, I completely underestimated it. My

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     experience in Los Oreros, despite travels to some of the world’s poorest slums in various
     parts of Africa, was one of the most humbling and saddest days of my life. Maybe it was
     because it was Christmas day, or maybe it was the simple request by this remote village
     of 60 people to be provided with access to potable water, or better yet, maybe it was the
     discovery that a water distribution main actually ran through the village and supplied 4 of
     the homes with water from a nearby village, leaving the rest to walk miles for theirs.
     Whatever it was, Los Oreros inspired me. I thank the people of Los Oreros for their
     determination, I thank them for helping me realize not only how lucky I am but that I
     have the ability to drastically change lives. I ask only for their patience, as I am confident
     we will soon return to grant them their Christmas wish.

     11.3 Christine Abichaker

     Never did I think that I could learn so much about so many things in two weeks. I used to
     hear former travel teams talk about their experiences and all of their accounts seemed to
     have one common denominator: at the end of each long day, you’ve been thoroughly
     exhausted by early mornings, full days of work, late nights and yet you still find that you
     haven’t done everything that you’ve come to do. Honestly speaking, I’ve never spent
     seventeen full days productively working from the time I wake up until the time I go to
     sleep. I’ve probably never spent three consecutive days like that, let alone seventeen. I’m
     unsure of what it would be like to attempt and I wasn’t entirely confident in my ability.

     Perhaps it was the amazing people I traveled with as part of my team that kept me so
     inspired that if I was ever tired I didn’t notice. When you spend so much time with the
     same people, you learn from them without even realizing it. I watched and learned as our
     trip lead grew from a girl who was excited to be back in Honduras into an international
     diplomat. I watched and learned as our translator grew to figure out and embrace what his
     purpose was on the trip. We all watched and learned from our patient mentor as he
     returned to his second home to work tirelessly with his foreign brothers.

     Maybe it was that I was constantly motivated by the hardworking Hondurans, who work
     tirelessly yet with humility and without the aspirations that their labor will one day
     amount to a mansion in Beverly Hills. Seldom do you hear a complaint, but almost
     always are you welcomed with a smile. For a farmer in Honduras, there is no time to
     waste. What needs to be done, must be done; even when it’s pouring rain. A great
     reminder of how we should live our lives. My seventeen days of claim to productivity
     would be a vacation for these people. A great lesson to push ourselves even harder than
     we think we can handle, because the truth is, we’ll never finish everything that we’ve
     come to do and so we constantly have to push ourselves harder. I feel blessed to have had
     the opportunity to get to know such incredible teachers.

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     Whether you speak Spanish or English, you know what everyone is thinking and you’re
     all working towards the same goal. We’re there to share our skill while we watch in
     amazement as they show us theirs.

     11.4 Megan Fritz

     The first time I went to Honduras, I was a “knee-puncher.” In other terms, I was a
     freshman who knew a limited amount about Engineers Without Borders, let alone civil
     engineering, considering I had only been a part of the group for a little less than one
     semester. During my first trip, I learned as much as I could and became even more
     dedicated to becoming an avid team member. Next thing I know it is two years later and I
     am getting ready to go on another trip, not just as the “knee-puncher” but as a valid
     member in the group. When I was back in Honduras, everything pretty much looked the
     same but my viewpoint on the whole trip was different. I became more emotionally
     attached to the people of Honduras which made me even more dedicated to not only this
     amazing student group but to the villagers in El Carrizalito and Los Oreros. I am now not
     just working on a project for a group of strangers or people I just knew for two weeks,
     but rather for people I feel I am starting to have a connection with. By being able to
     return to El Chaguite to see the end of the project I took part in my freshman year
     completed and running was one of the greatest experiences anyone could ask for. It
     allowed me to see and remember that all of the hard work we do in the United States
     really does make a huge difference and can really affect lives for the better.

     El Carrizalito is one of the most beautiful villages I have seen in Honduras. One team
     member called it “The Village in the Clouds” which suits the village perfectly
     considering it is located about an hour’s hike up a small path in the mountains with no
     roads, running water or electricity. Los Oreros was one of the most touching and
     emotional villages I have ever seen due to their condition. Most of the houses have no
     water, electricity or even latrines. One villager has eight children living in what we called
     a “bus-stop” looking house. By visiting and talking with many villagers throughout this
     region, I learned how much pride the people have. Most villagers in Los Oreros are very
     poor and are without water, yet water is so close by. The people in these villages make
     me so grateful for what I have and also inspire me to work as hard as I can to use what I
     am learning in school to make a difference in people’s lives. Going to Honduras and
     seeing a different culture will open anyone’s lives to a different way of living and also
     bring you to have relationships to equally bright, warm-hearted, loving, hardworking and
     inspiring people.

     11.5 Javier Cartegna

     This assessment trip to Honduras was definitely an experience to remember and one that
     has left a tremendous impact on me. Visiting these villages has softened my heart and has

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     left me with the desire to do more. To be honest, I really didn’t know what to expect on
     this trip – I figured I was just going to be there to translate a few words and that’d be it.
     But to my surprise it was much more powerful than that – those villagers who were once
     strangers to us soon became close friends, and ultimately like family. The relationships I
     formed while I was in Honduras are everlasting – I really felt connected to these people
     on a real intimate level. The personal talks I shared with the villagers have opened my
     eyes to the real world and have made me realize how much of my everyday life I take for
     granted. Leaving the villages on our last day was painful; just knowing that I was heading
     back to the United States and back to all these luxuries made me feel a little uneasy. It
     just didn’t seem fair. I feel like I left a part of me behind back in El Rosario. I really look
     forward to returning to these villages four or five years down the road – not only to see
     their progress but to see the looks on their faces when they finally see the fruits of their
     labor. Needless to say, I am very proud of our travel team and our accomplishments in
     Honduras. We had our ups and downs, but as a group we learned to respect each other
     and see past our differences. In the end, we ultimately all shared the same goal – to help
     bring a water system to El Carrizalito.

     11.6 Dan Saulnier

     Christmas Day, 2010 was one of the saddest days of my life. The team spent the entire
     day hiking around the tiny village of Los Oreros. Dr. Dean Seibert of ACTS had asked
     us to evaluate whether a water project would be technically feasible for the village, which
     he said consisted of “the poorest of the poor.” Remembering Dean’s words, I was
     apprehensive as we approached the village, expecting it to be an emotionally difficult
     day. I underestimated things.

     Half the village turned out to welcome us, and spent the day showing us around. They
     showed us their wide-eyed children, their hand-built homes, and their roads and
     pathways. They showed us the new logging road that runs out of town past a little creek,
     and how if you walk up a little path alongside the creek, you will reach a little waterfall
     that produces about 2.5 gallons per minute of clean(ish) water. The villagers collect this
     water in plastic jugs and buckets and carry it back to their homes for drinking, cooking,
     bathing and laundry. They showed us some homes in the village that have water piped in
     from a neighboring village. We saw that the families who had piped water could not
     share with those who had not; the penalty for being caught “stealing” water is to lose
     your water connection.

     As human beings, we looked around and wept. As engineers, we looked around,
     measured distances and elevations and pressures, and said that this could be changed. Is
     a project in Los Oreros technically feasible? Absolutely. Although there will be some
     engineering required, just as important will be work in the political, financial and

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     organizational spheres. This type of work isn’t always taught in school, but the student
     members of EWB-NEU have a lot of experience with it.

      What struck me most at the end of Christmas Day, as we were sitting around in the
     bunkhouse and the students were cataloging the day’s work and running calculations, was
     the sense of inevitability about our future involvement with Los Oreros. We just met
     these people that morning, and by evening everyone around the table was committed to
     finding a way to help these people help themselves. And, perhaps more importantly,
     everyone around the table knew how much work that would entail, and how serious a
     commitment it was.

     Since our return to Boston, the design team has been hard at work compiling and
     analyzing data from the trip. EWB-NEU is currently developing a Master Plan for the
     implementation of a water distribution system in El Carrizalito, with tentative travel plans
     scheduled for late 2011. Detailed maps of the village are in development, and will
     become an integral part of design. The design of the distribution system will commence
     in the next several weeks.


     13.1 Professional Mentor/Technical Lead Name (who wrote the

     13.2 Professional Mentor/Technical Lead Affirmation

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Appendix A: El Carrizalito Electrical Pole Layout

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              Appendix B: Water Quality Data

                                        Date         Time                      Total      Free       Total         Total
               Date           Time      Colonies     Colonies       Colonies   Chlorine   Chlorine   Alkalinity    Hardness     Nitrite    Nitrate
Location       Collected    Collected   Counted      Counted        Counted    (PPM)      (PPM)      (PPM)         (PPM)        (PPM)      (PPM)      PH    Notes
House 17
tap El
Chaguite       12/16/2010   10:46 AM    12/18/2010     7:15 AM      None              0          0           240          425          0          0    7        -
Santa Rosa                                                          Fecal
Source         12/16/2010   3:00 PM     12/18/2010     7:15 AM      Coliform          0          0           240          250          0          0    8        -
Pila           12/16/2010    6:30 PM    12/18/2010     7:15 AM      None              0          0           240          250          0          0   7.5       -
El                                                                  Non-                                                                                    Taken
Carrizalito                                                         Fecal                                                                                   from tap
Source         12/17/2010   12:50 PM    12/19/2010      7:10 PM     Coliform          0          0           240          250          0          0    8    of fuente
                                                                    Non-                                                                                    mucky
                                                                    Fecal                                                                                   drainage
El Rosario                                                          and                                                                                     stream on
Road                                                                Fecal                                                                                   side of
Drainage       12/17/2010    5:00 PM    12/19/2010      7:10 PM     Coliform      -          -           -            -            -          -        -    the road
House 6                                                             Non-
Tap El                                                              Fecal
Chaguite       12/18/2010    3:00 PM    12/21/2010      6:00 PM     Coliform          0          0           300          270          0          0    8        -
                                                                    3 Fecal
House 5                                                             Non-
Tap El                                                              Fecal
Chaguite       12/18/2010    3:29 PM    12/21/2010      6:00 PM     Coliform          0          0           300          270          0          0    8        -
House 1                                                             Non-
Tap El                                                              Fecal
Chaguite       12/18/2010    3:50 PM    12/21/2010      6:00 PM     Coliform          0          0           300          270          0          0    7        -
                                                                    Non-                                                                                    Taken
New Tank                                                            Fecal                                                                                   from
El Chagite     12/18/2010    4:25 PM    12/21/2010      6:00 PM     Coliform      -          -           -            -            -          -        -    overflow
New Tank                                                            Fecal
El Chaguite                                                         and Non-
Back                                                                Fecal                                                                                   Taken
Sample         12/18/2010    5:00 PM    12/21/2010      6:00 PM     Coliform      -          -           -            -            -          -        -    from tank
Pozo by                                                             Non-
Field El                                                            Fecal                                                                                   Muddy
Carrizlito     12/23/2010   10:00 AM    12/25/2010      4:45 PM     Coliform          0          0           240          425          0          0    7    field
                                                                    2 Fecal
                                                                    Many                                                                                    First Pozo
Pozo 1 El                                                           Non-                                                                                    from the
Carrizalito    12/23/2010    1:20 PM    12/25/2010      4:45 PM     Fecal             0          0           240      >425             0          0    7    right

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                                                                 and Non-                                           Second
Pozo 2 El                                                        Fecal                                              pozo from
Carrizalito    12/23/2010    1:22 PM   12/25/2010      4:45 PM   Coliform   0   0      240     >425   0   0    7    the right
                                                                 Non-                                               Third
Pozo 3 El                                                        Fecal                                              pozo from
Carrizalito    12/23/2010    1:24 PM   12/25/2010      4:45 PM   Coliform   0   0     >240     >425   0   0    7    the right
                                                                 Many                                               Above, to
                                                                 Non-                                               the right
Pozo 4 El                                                        Fecal                                              of the
Carrizalito    12/23/2010    2:00 PM   12/25/2010      4:45 PM   Coliform   0   0      240      425   0   0    7    fuente
                                                                 Many                                               To the
Hidden                                                           Non-                                               right of
Pozo El                                                          Fecal                                              pozos
Carrizalito    12/23/2010    2:25 PM   12/25/2010      4:45 PM   Coliform   0   0      240      425   0   0   7.5   1,2,3
Spring El
Carrizalito    12/23/2010    3:25 AM       -            -             -     0   0      240      425   0   0   7.8         -
                                                                 11 Non-                                            Re-test
Bunkhouse                                                        Fecal                                              after pipe
Pila           12/24/2010    9:20 AM   12/27/2010      6:30 PM   Coliform   0   0      240      425   0   0   7.2   switch
Rainwater                                                        Few                                                school
at School                                                        Non-                                               rainwater
El                                                               Fecal                                              catchment
Carrizalito    12/24/2010   12:15 PM   12/27/2010      6:30 PM   Coliform   0   0       20      100   0   0   7.8   system
                                                                 Many                                               Visited
                                                                 Non-                                               Pozo in
Pozo 1 Los                                                       Fecal                                              Los
Oreros         12/25/2010   10:45 AM   12/27/2010      6:30 PM   Coliform   0   0     >240      425   0   0   8.4   Oreros
Pozo 1                                                           Non-
(back                                                            Fecal                                              Back
sample)        12/25/2010   11:00 AM   12/27/2010      6:30 PM   Coliform   0   0      240      425   0   0   7.2   sample
                                                                 Many                                               running
                                                                 Non-                                               water in
Point 19                                                         Fecal                                              Los
Los Oreros     12/25/2010   11:15 AM   12/27/2010      6:30 PM   Coliform   0   0      180      250   0   0   8.4   Oreros
                                                                 2 Non-                                             House in
Point 28                                                         Fecal                                              Los
Los Oreros     12/25/2010   11:35 AM   12/27/2010      6:30 PM   Coliform   0   0      180      250   0   0   7.2   Oreros
                                                                                                                    visited in
Pozo 2 Los                                                                                                          Los
Oreros         12/25/2010   12:15 PM   12/27/2010      6:30 PM   None       0   0      240      425   0   0   8.4   Oreros
Point 12                                                                                                            House in
House in                                                                                                            La
La Reinada     12/25/2010    2:50 PM   12/27/2010      6:30 PM   None       0   0      240      425   0   0   8.4   Reinada
Los Planos
Tap            12/27/2010   11:00 AM   12/29/2010   12/29/2010   None       0   0      120      250   0   0   7.2        -

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Tap            12/27/2010     11:45 AM    12/29/2010   12/29/2010    None              0         0           240       250       0        0   8.4       -
Source 1
Concepcion     12/27/2010     12:20 PM    12/29/2010   12/29/2010    None          -         -           -         -         -        -        -        -
Source 2
Concepcion     12/27/2010     12:20 PM    12/29/2010   12/29/2010    None          -         -           -         -         -        -        -        -
Current                                                              1 Non-
Source La                                                            Fecal                                                                          Exposed
Concepcion     12/27/2010     12:20 PM    12/29/2010   12/29/2010    Coliform      -         -           -         -         -        -        -    over rocks

             Appendix C: Survey Data of El Carrizalito

             Ease Side of Village in El Carrizalito
             El Carrizalito Rod Height = 5ft
Setup        Point          Bs (-)       Fs (+)   HI       Elev        HD        Notes
                                                                                 Left is looking at garden 20 ft in front of garden of house 32. School
A            BM 200            -22.2              122.2       100       234.9    1st step of walkway by front door of school
                  201                     -23.8              98.4       623.5    In front of kitchen of house 29, 1 foot from wall
                  202                      65.9             188.1       836.7    Top of hill by tree on path by barbed wire
                  203                      89.8               212       927.1    On top of hill behind pt 202, Peak 1
                  204                      77.9             200.1       912.9    In b/w peak 1 and 2
                  205                      89.9             212.1       956.3    Top of peak 2
                  206                      59.5             181.7       917.3    B/W peak 2 and 3 By lonesome tree, to the right
                  207                      81.7             203.9       972.2    Path ascending to Peak 3
                  208                     144.9             267.1      1089.3    Top of peak 3
                                                                                 In cornfield B/W peak 3 and 4 behind a big rock(about 20' behind
                     209                  122.2             244.4        1119    rock)
                                                                                 In wheat field, just shy of peak #4 behind barbed wire fence in front
                     210                  146.5             268.7      1178.7    of forest.
                     211                  -18.7             103.5       234.4    To the left tank of house #30
                     212                   85.8               208       414.3    On the ridge to take site B, Next to trees
Height               213                  170.2             292.4        657.9   On top of Tank B hill
down                 214                  145.8                268       558.8   On top of peak next to tank B site
 5/8”                215       -22.3                          99.9       235.1   Same as point #200(BM)
A                                                 101.3                          In field to left of house 29 looking at the school
                     200       -1.32                          100      503.71    Same as #200(BM)
                     216                  54.69            156.01       789.3    House 27, corner next to rock Matt's file 92
                     217                  70.38             171.7       869.1    Left corner house 28
                     218                   1.72            103.04      474.92    Corner of field on path far left from school

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            219    -1.43                       102.75   503.75   Same as #200(BM)
            220    -1.45                       102.77   503.74   Same as #200(BM)
            221             70.35              171.67   869.12   House 28 left corner
B                                     111.8                      In field on right side of path when away from school
            218    -8.79                       103.04      227   Same as point 218
            219             -2.48              109.35   294.78   At house 26 corner of porch
            220             -6.54              105.29   242.76   At house 25 back porch corner
            221             59.84              171.67   316.81   At house 28 not exactly at stake
            222             31.79              143.62   387.14   Roberto's house #24 next to tank Behind house 7
A                                     264.4
    BM 241         -10.2                       254.24   583.45   Setup next to house #10 looking across at 1-3 and in front of us is #4
         223               -28.03              236.38   503.71   New foundation south of casa #3 directly across road
         224               -32.18              232.23   472.92   Front corner of casa #3 next to gate
         225                  6.7              271.11   635.15   to right corner of house with two doors. (2.5) A
         226                  4.8              269.21   630.11   In front of casa #1 in front of door next to small rock
         227                15.26              279.67    851.3   about 24-30 feet to the left of house #1
         228                   40              304.41   815.04   Small knoll northeast of house #1
         229                 37.3              301.71   780.05   Hill above source
         230               157.68              422.09   1337.3
         231                164.2              428.61   1832.5   Half way up east hill in front of "y" tree
         232               266.27              530.68   2256.5
         119       -10.1                       254.35   538.38   re-check house#2
                                               0.11              MATT'S FILES 146-150

              El Carrizalito Fuente    *Zeroed total station at North
    Setup    Point                     BS (-)                            PS(+)   HI      ELEV      HD         Angle
    A                                                                            101.8
             (BM1)236                                            -1.79                      100     23.3      169º 2' 5"
             (BM2)233                  *1.82                                             103.61    32.39      199º 46' 35"
                               255                                       -3.25            98.54    23.34      298º 47' 35"
                               256                                       10.43           122.22     88.3      273º 15' 20"
                               257                                         7.9           109.69     59.1      260º 15' 00"
                               258                                        6.58           108.37    50.43      203º 00' 35"
                               259                                        0.11            101.9    18.36      139º 54' 20"
                               260                                       -2.15            99.64    16.78      75º 18' 00"
                               261                                       -4.54            97.25    45.22      104º 2' 25"
                               262                                       -0.71           101.08    54.71      129º 48' 15"
                               263                                        5.26           107.05    68.28      148º 37' 30"
                               264                                        3.89           105.68    46.44      163º 44' 45"
                               265                                       -1.49            100.3    28.33      177º 24' 50"

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Water Project
                               266                                  -3.72            98.07     24.57   150º   36'   10"
                               267                                  -5.44            96.35     36.05   109º   17'   50"
                               268                                   8.69           110.48     43.64   226º   07'   40"
                               269                                  -0.16              101     34.61   276º   01'   05"
                               270                                  -3.62            98.17     13.12   331º   20'   10"
                               271                                   1.07           102.86     14.75   235º   48'   50"

Survey Source to House 2
Setup   Point         BS (-)    PS(+)    HI      ELEV     HD       Notes
A                                        101.2                     Backside of source
        BM 233          2.42                     103.61    45.94
            234                  -2.64            98.55    68.67   Source GPS sync next to fence by source
            235                  18.62           119.81   181.48   1st point up trail near opening
        BM 236                   -1.19              100    31.21   Pilla right hand corner
            237                   -4.9            96.29    18.47   point at top of cliff inflection pt in river bed
            238                   8.12           109.31    96.25   new spring in front of big rock
                                                                   Up trail next to stream from source across
B                      141.2                                       from white tree
                235    -21.4                     119.81   100.63   Same as before
                239              22.86           164.07   329.97   Close to pozos next to path 1,2,3
                                                                   Higher up trail a little before bend in trial
C                                        209.1                     near house #5
                239      -45                     164.06   276.53   Same as before
                                                                   On top of hill by bonomatrees behind house
                240              81.07           290.15    256.1   10
D                                        294.5                     25 ft behind pt 240, next to irrigation tank
            240        -4.34                     290.15    25.17   Same as before
            241                 -40.25           254.24   654.08   Crosscheck, house #2
            242                 -87.13           207.36   281.67   down the path to the source afte the bend
        New BM                                                     concrete slab outside house 25B with 2
        243                     -22.61           271.88   758.04   doors (inbetween house 2+3
                                                                   Next to path across from three pozos going
E                                        168.7                     down to source
                242    38.66                     207.36   249.98   same as before
                243             -20.52           148.18   215.12   on pile of mud near river
F                                        129.5                     next to stream before bend to source
                243    18.67                     148.18   203.16   same as before
                244             -16.05           113.46    76.44   further down path to source
G                                        102.7
                244    10.78                     113.46     99.4   same as before
                245              -2.77            99.91    17.98   corner of pilla (right hand
                246               0.87           103.55    26.09   right hand corner of sourcebox

Setup   Point         BS (-)    PS(+)    HI      ELEV     HD       Notes
A                                        196.5                     On side of hill of peak 1

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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

        200BM       -96.5                         100    722.38   School first step same as before
            247              -78.73            117.76    196.34   first point in valley
            248              -57.58            138.91    176.29   2nd point
            249              -52.71            143.78    310.42   3rd point
            250               -11.7            184.79    336.69   house 15 next to latrine
            251               -8.02            188.47     280.3   carlos' yard downhill of chicken coop
            252              -13.89             182.6    273.03   house 17 middle back of house facing up hill
            253              -55.45            141.04    1312.9   house with 2 doors (BM) #25B
                                                                  House #28 left corner next to rain water
           254               -24.71            171.78    1201.8   catchment system
                                                                  delta house 25B=17.64

from house 2
Setup             Point     (-)    PS(+)       HI       ELEV     HD   Notes
A                                              178.9
                  200 BM    96.5                        275.34        School
                     247              -78.73            100.12
                     248              -57.58            121.27
                     249              -52.71            126.14
                     250               -11.7            167.15        House 15
                     251               -8.02            170.83
                     252              -13.89            164.96        House 17
                     253              -55.45             123.4        House 2
                     254              -24.71            154.14        House 28

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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

Appendix D: Interview Notes

Rigo Romero Sr.
Occupation - Owner of Constructora CONDELTA
Primary - 507-3391-5799
Office- 504-556-7850
Email – N/A

We stopped in to see Rigo on 12/13 (our first day in Honduras) just to say hi. We found out that he is
going to Florida for a year and his son, Rigo Romero Jr., will run the business. He may also come to
Boston in March and would like to meet up with us. He also asked us if we could help his friend, Jose
Arriaga,’s daughter with applying to Northeastern. We set up to meet with Jose Arriaga and his family on
12/14 at 6pm to discuss his daughter, Elisa’s options for school.

Jose Arriaga
Occupation - Professional Civil Engineer
Primary - 504-997-888-95
Home- 504-255-787-51
Email - jmarriagay@yahoo.com

Jose is Rigo Romero Sr.’s friend. José’s daughter was looking into attending NEU. We told us about the
16th largest hydroelectric power plant in the world, Francisco Morazán, which is located in Honduras just
south of Yoro. He says that about 80% of Hondurans have electricity and 25% of those 8 uses this
hydroelectric power plant. He also spoke of the proudest moment in his life – bringing electricity to a
city of 50,000 people. He says he will help us with trying to bring electricity to El Carrizalito. He has
worked in the industry for many years and has remained in contact with many of his professional co-
workers. He set us up with a technician to come and inspect the village of El Carrizalito. One week later
we had the final layout design for the electrical poles.

On our last day over dinner, Jose suggested that once El Carrizalito has electricity that they would have
to find a way to pay for it. He agreed with Daniel Saulnier’s suggestion of partially funding their costs
and decreasing their dependency on EWB-NEU every year (ex. EWB-NEU pays 75% the first year, 50%
the second year and 25% the third year). He recommended that El Carrizalito be represent by the
Municipality of Yoro and have them pay for the electricity up front and charge El Carrizalito a reasonable

Martin Castillo
Occupation – Electrical Engineer for ENEE
Primary - 504-989-027-20
Office - 504-255-691-87
Email – N/A

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El Carrizalito, Honduras
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An employee sent by Jeovany Garcia to inspect the village. We scheduled to pick him up on Tuesday
(12/21) at 10am at La Habana. Once he arrived at the villages, he got to work on the electrical poles
layout. The amount of time it takes to complete this project, according to Martin, depends on the land,
the cost of the materials, and the number of posts. He stated that if the topography allows it, the poles
can be up to 500m apart – 11 poles were used. Martin stated that the work will be divided into two
parts – qualified and unqualified labor. Unqualified labor consists of cleaning the poles, digging the holes
for the poles, mounting the poles, clearing out trees/plants within a 15m diameter of each pole, and
running the wires. Qualified work consists of making the actual connections, setting up the
transformers, and installing the crossbars. He informed us that the villagers may do the unqualified
labor. Martin also informed us of the legal aspects that come with this installation. He said that four sets
of plans are required all signed by the engineer who will be doing the work. A United States engineer
will also be needed to represent EWB – this engineer must also be approved and authorized by the
Honduran Engineer and ENEE (Jeovany Garcia is eligible to approve qualified ENEE engineers). Signed,
legal documentation from the land owners is also needed; this gives ENEE the authorization to build and
pass through with wires on their property.

Jennifer Valdez
Occupation - Bomosha Employee (Tank /Pump store in SPS)
Primary - 504-235-5768
Email – N/A

Jennifer gave us a walkthrough and showed us all the plastic tanks and pumps that they had available.
She said she will be sending us the pricing information for several tanks that we were interested in. She
informed us that they require about two weeks notice when ordering these tanks and that they can also
deliver the tanks directly to the jobsites, even to Yoro.

Jose Jeovany Garcia

Occupation - Supervisor at ENEE - Martin Castillo’s Boss
Primary - 504-997-861-67
Email - josejeovanygarcia@yahoo.com

Jeovany called us to set up a date to bring the engineer to El Carrizalito to take a look at the land. We
called José to confirm this with him.
On our last day in Honduras we met up with Jose Arriaga, Martin Castillo, and Jeovany Garcia again.
Jeovany made it clear to us that if we ever needed any help for a project like this to not contact ENEE
but to speak with CIMEQH, a Honduran collage of engineering. The president of this college is constantly
helping out with design projects in rural areas. He said that this president can get 2-3 dedicated
engineers to help the cause. Over dinner he reviewed the final design for the electrical pole layout for El
Carrizalito and gave us the total cost of the materials not including the qualified labor; the total cost was
about $10,000. Jeovany also stated that either he or Jose Arriaga will email EWB-NEU the cost for the
qualified labor; he recommends pushing for wooden electrical posts because it would be cheaper and
easier for the villagers to carry up the mountain.

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Angel Roberto Lopez/El Carrizalito Village Elders Meeting

Occupation – President of the Village Elders
Primary - Through ACTS
Email – N/A
Roberto is the president of the village elders. Roberto did talk much; he just did what he was told. We
asked him to obtain a census of his village and the next day he had an exact number of people in the
village as well as a count of their animals. He also obtained the required signatures for the water board
contract. During the water board meeting, Roberto spoke for the village elders and informed us that he
is in agreement with the contract and had no objections. He agreed to also send us the Land
Authorization contract that allows ENEE to build on the landowner’s property; this was received shortly
after returning from the assessment trip.

Freddie (La Reinada)

Occupation – President of the Water Board of La Reinada
Primary - Through ACTS
Email – N/A

After interviewing Freddie we found out that La Reinada is well aware of Los Oreros’ situation and would
love to help but are lacking the money to do so. According to Freddie, there are about 4 or 5 houses in
Los Oreros that currently do not have water. Freddie is also well aware of the fact that La Reinada has
enough water and pressure to supply these houses. Freddie says that it’s only a matter of hooking up
the system and paying for the water rights. He also informed us that several houses in La Reinada also
didn’t have water and that his village was his priority. The current system in La Reinada is an 1800 gallon
tank that’s roughly 6’x8’; according to Freddie, this tank is about 30 years old and they are looking to
rebuild it. We also obtained an approximate population of 300 people for La Reinada.

Maria Pastora Paz

Occupation – President of the Water Board of Santa Rosa
Primary - Through ACTS
Email – N/A

Maria Pastora Paz informed us that 8 houses in their village currently don’t have water. Sometimes
these houses get water other times they don’t; when the system is running it works excellent. The
villagers were promised an engineer by their government to come and fix this problem but he never
showed up. She says that they feel cheated because they put so much effort into digging trenches and
preparing for this engineer to come work but their government never delivered. Their government goes
by the acronym “MPL” and is located in Yoro. She took us to a broken 1½’’ male connector that was
buried underground. This connector was the wrong fitting that was put in place of a coupling. She
explained to us that their old system was constructed in 2002 by SANAA and their new, current system
was constructed in June-August of 2009.

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Water Project

Appendix E: Contacts Made in Honduras
           Name                    Occupation              Phone Number                    Email

                                                                - Cell
                             Owner of Constructora         504-556-7850 -
      Rigo Romero Sr.            CONDELTA                      Office                      N/A

                                                                 - Cell
        Jose Arriaga              Civil Engineer               - Home           jmarriagay@yahoo.com

      Jeovany Garcia            ENEE Supervisor                              josejeovanygarcia@yahoo.com

                                                                - Cell
      Martin Castillo            ENEE Employee                 – Office                    N/A

      Jennifer Valdez         Bomosha Employee             504-235-5768                    N/A

                           Santa Rosa's Water Board
     Maria Pastora Paz            President                     N/A                        N/A

                           El Carrizalito's President of
      Roberto Lopez             the Village Elders              N/A                        N/A

                           La Reinada's Water Board
    Freddie (La Reinada)           President                    N/A                        N/A

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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

Appendix F: Daily Activity Log

Date: December 13, 2010
Day: 1 of 17
Weather: Sunny afternoon ( 75°F) – rain in the evening
Day’s Events:
Arrived in San Pedro Sula at around 1pm after flying through Miami. Rented the truck and drove
45 minutes to the city to the hotel. Unloaded all of our gear and then made phone calls to Patti
(ACTS), Rigo Romero (Construction Co.- Peter Furth’s friend), and Maribel. We then visited
Rigo at his office where we learned more about Bomohsa (pumps/storage) that we will visit
tomorrow. Went back to the hotel to regroup and wait to hear from Maribel. Read/reviewed
reports and went to dinner with Jose and Maribel after they dropped off all their books for the El
Rosario library. Came back to the hotel after a nice seafood dinner, talked about plans for
tomorrow, and went to bed.
Contacts Made: Jose and Maribel- great contact for help/logistics with future projects- friend of
Northeastern student Oliver Nowalski.
Lessons Learned:
Goals for Tomorrow:
    Visit Jennifer Valdez, P.E.- tanks/pumps
    Solar panel supply stores
    Change money at bank
    Meet with Elisa Maria (Rigo’s friend who wants to attend NEU)
    Wait for phone call from Patti (ACTS)
    Dinner out at San Pedro Restaurant
    Purchase water supplies

Date: December 14, 2010
Day: 2 of 17
Weather: Cloudy/overcast, rain in the morning
Day’s Events:
Had breakfast at the Hotel Ejecutivo. Departed for Bomohsa to meet Jennifer Valdez and inquire
about pumps and tanks. Dan exchanged emails and she agreed to send us the catalogs on the
pumps. After taking many pictures and notes, we travelled to Solaris to learn about their solar
products. Next, we went to several branches of HSBC to exchange cash because at first they
would not accept our American $20 bills. Banks had computer problems when we tried to
exchange $1000 so we went to McDonald’s for lunch to wait it out. Returned to the hotel after
the bank told us it would be a couple more hours until they could get us cash. Began
reading/reviewing pump material- Dan started his lecture on pumps and distribution
systems/hydraulic grade lines. Assigned report sections to team. Met with Elisa (after Dan,
Megan, Javier went to bank and finally got all of our cash changed). Elisa is Rigo’s family friend
interested in attending Northeastern. Her father is Jose Arriaga and he is a civil engineer who
used to work at the power company. He offered to give us a tour of the hydroelectric plant in

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between Yoro and Cortez/ He is sending a few electrical line workers to meet us in the village
and assess extending the grid!! Took us to the Honduran Arab Club for dinner- sooo nice!! Can
get on here any time with U.S. passports.
Contacts Made: Jennifer Valdez- Bomohsa (water pumps and storage)
Maria Cueva at Solaris (Solar Energy Company in San Pedro)
Jose Arriaga (Elisa’s father)- Civil Engineer
Lessons Learned: $100 bills are needed. Bring bathing suits for Honduran Arab Club!!
Problems/Conflicts/Setbacks: Bank (HSBC) will only change $100’s
Goals for Tomorrow:
     Purchase large water supplies (bottles) for El Rosario/Patti (ACTS)
     Grocery shopping
     Drive to the village!!

Date: December 15, 2010                                                    Christine
Day: 3 of 17
Weather:       °F
Day’s Events:
We woke up at 7:00AM and called Patty to arrange a time to pick her up and then had breakfast
at the hotel. We picked up Patty at about 9:45AM and brought her to the grocery store, where she
helped us pick out everything we would need for our stay at the bunkhouse. We spent about 1500
at the grocery store. When we returned to the hotel, we packed up our bags, loaded the truck, and
were on our way to El Rosario by 12:22PM. We stopped at Power Chicken for lunch, as
suggested by Laura Arriaga, where we met the founder of the franchise but unfortunately did not
get his contact information. We stopped about a half an hour before arriving in El Rosario for
Dan to give us a lecture on safety and then proceeded to El Rosario where we arrived and met
Santiago, Orlando, and Ronis, along with the other cook. We had a short tour of the bunkhouse,
ate dinner, then finished unpacking.
Contacts Made:
Lessons Learned: Always get contact information when we meet new people in Honduras.
Get/keep track of all receipts.
Problems/Conflicts/Setbacks: Lunch took longer than expected. Dan took wrong turn along the
way which set us back by a little time.
Goals for Tomorrow:
     Visit El Chaguite
     Talk to water board
     Go over system
     Get pressure readings at houses
     Take water quality testing samples

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El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project

Date: December 16, 2010                                                       Megan
Day: 4 of 17
Weather: Cold in the morning, really hot in afternoon
Day’s Events:
Drove to El Chaguite with Ronis at 9:00AM. We walked up to the West Tanks to look at the
completed tank. We then went to house 17 (which had water) and took a water quality sample
and tests and found the pressure to be 16 psi. We then walked up to the source. The overflow had
no water. The cement supports were not built yet under the G.I. pipe. The trench holding the G.I.
pipe was also not backfilled. We then walked the transmission main line. We looked at the first
air valve which did not have a valve box. We then walked up to the first cleanout. The valve box
for the cleanout has not been constructed yet. The PVC valve (1) was leaking due to a bad joint.
His needs to be addressed and replaced with a new 2” valve. We then examined the second air
valve closest to the tank. The valve box for this air valve has been started. We opened it and a
small amount of air came out, which is good. We should reinforce to the Water Board that the air
valves can be left open at all times. We then walked back to the truck and drove to Santa Rosa at
12:15PM. Once we arrived at Santa Rosa, we ate lunch.
We spoke with the President of the Water Board, Marcia Pastora Paz, among other villages.
After asking the villages the same question about 3 times, we reached a conclusion that not all
houses have water. They had their first system built in 2002 by SANAA but stopped working
due to the natural environment and a tropical storm. Mel, who got sent by the municipality of
Yoro, then built them another system in 2009. A new source box was installed which also acts as
their tank. It cast 8000 lempiras to build the new system. 4000 lempira was paid for by the
village and the other 4000 was granted to them by the municipality. One of the connections is
made with the wrong coupling which is causing the pipe to leak. They need a 1 ½” coupling.
They have no plans of the system written on paper. Also one of their pipes has recently exploded
and is in need of maintenance. Therefore their water system was currently not running. They said
it was going to be fixed the next day. We then walked up to the “new” source box and performed
a water quality test. We walked the old line up to the source box and walked the “new” line back
to town from the source box. At the source, Maria told us they add their own chlorine to their
source box. The source box was well constructed.
Contacts Made: Maria Pastora Paz (President of Water Board at Santa Rosa)
Lessons Learned: Ask questions many times/to different people to get the most accurate and
correct answer.
Problems/Conflicts/Setbacks: The Water Board wasn’t present in El Chaguite, so we went to
Santa Rosa . Will come back to El Chaguite another day.
Goals for Tomorrow:

Date: December 17, 2010                                                           John
Day: 5 of 17
Weather: Sunny, fairly hot.
Day’s Events:

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Woke up at 6:45, ate breakfast at 7, left at 8:30. Walked to library and met Dionisio. We opened
our bodega and everything seemed to be there. Next we hiked to Carrizalito. We arrive at the
village around 10:30 and looked around, the water board was not present, but Roberto, the
Mayor of the Patronados was, and he agreed to show us around. We then called Jose Arriaga and
asked him about the power lines. He then set us up with Giovanni Garcia who worked for the
power company. He is going to send an electrical engineer Martin Castillo on Tuesday at 10AM.
We will meet him in La Habana. We called Jose back and he told us to keep him in the loop. We
then talked with Roberto about our goals and plans in the village. After that we met Carlos and
talked with him for a bit. We then ate lunch. Next we went to visit the Carrizalito Fuente,
walking down the route the villagers take every day to get water. At the source we discovered
that they had punched a hole in the top of the concrete leading up to the source box to capture
water that was running over the top of the concrete. This is a possible source of contamination.
After, we walked back to the village and then back towards Rosario. We took a detour to see the
El Rosario source. We then returned to the bunkhouse, had a water table lecture.
Contacts Made: Giovanni Garcia 504-997-8667
Martin Castillo 9890-2720
Lessons Learned: Tell people to do the daily log the day before.
Problems/Conflicts/Setbacks: The El Carrizalito source problem
Goals for Tomorrow:
     Books to Gloria (Library)
     Make copies of maps in La Habana
     Meet with Chaguite Water Board

Date: December 18, 2010                                                      Christine
Day: 6 of 17
Weather: Sunny
Day’s Events:
We started the day by listening to techno while waiting for our breakfast to be made. Ronis met
us at the bunkhouse at 8AM and we drove up to the school to drop off the donated books to the
library in El Rosario. From there we headed to La Habana to make copies of maps for El
Carrizalito. We returned to the bunkhouse for lunch where we met Dionisio who accompanied us
to El Chaguite for a meeting with the Water Board. When we arrived, we were greeted by the
President of the Water Board, Purificacion (President), and we congregated in the school house
with the rest of the Water Board members. In attendance at the meeting was Purificacion
(President), Delia Cruz (Treasurer), Henry Lopez, Maria Lopez (Vice President), Fausto
Hernandez (Tax collector), Juan Ramon Rivera (Tax collector). We spent some time trying to
discuss the current stage of the system construction but after some time of translation confusion,
we decided it would be best to walk along the system as a group and discuss it as we went. This
proved to be a successful way of communicating and reaching necessary conclusions, while
using the time to collect critical pressure readings and water quality samples. When we returned
to the bunkhouse, we ate dinner and then talked about how our conflicts could have been avoided
in our meeting with the Water Board and traced maps for tomorrow’s map making!... Almost

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El Carrizalito, Honduras
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forgot… After making copies in La Habana, we stopped at SHI to visit Yovanny and then
stopped at Lillian’s house in El Rosario to discuss the current situation with her bathroom. We
found out that she had gotten an estimate for the construction in her bathroom and that we should
meet with the “Community Committee” for the plans and exact estimate.
Contacts Made:
Lessons Learned: The travel team should be experts on existing systems.
Problems/Conflicts/Setbacks: Problems with translation.
Goals for Tomorrow:

Date: December 19, 2010                                                                Matt
Day: 7 of 17
Weather: Very nice! Sunny
Day’s Events:
Started the day with oatmeal and donuts. We packed up all of the survey equipment and headed
up to El Rosario to meet Dionisio. From there, we climbed to El Carrizalito (left at 8:45, arrived
at 10:20) with all of the gear. Dan carried the total station the whole way! Christine and Matt
began the contour map of the village upon arrival. A correctly scaled map of Carrizalito (from
2007 GPS data) was used as a base for the contour maps. Megan and Javier surveyed with Ronis
and the team worked west to east across the village in both the surveying and mapping exercises.
John worked the GPS with Dionisio and mapped over all major trails (so we can overlay the file
onto 2007 data to double check our accuracy). He GPS’ed most of the points that Megan and
Javier surveyed in the West end of the village along the main ridgeline (potential tank site). He
also took data points at all new houses in the village. (6 including the one that is currently under
construction). We left the survey equipment at Roberto’s house (President of the Water Board).
We returned to El Rosario after leaving the village around 4PM.
Contacts Made:
Lessons Learned:
Problems/Conflicts/Setbacks: Christine got a tick on her leg.
Goals for Tomorrow:
     Shopping in Yoro (Cement, rebar, taps, chains/locks, food, copies?)
     Other half of the team goes to El Carrizalito to survey, GPS, and begin working on health

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                            Rev. 09-2010
Northeastern University
El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project
Date: December 20, 2010                                                              Megan
Day: 8 of 17
Weather: Quite Sunny
Day’s Events: We got a late start today, but left El Rosario at around 9 am. We drove to the
library in El Rosario to go to the Bodega. At the Bodega, Christine and Dan realized they left
some equipment at the bunkhouse. They and Diorisio went back to the bunkhouse while the rest
of us started to map out the area from Lillian’s home to the library. Dan and Christine and then
we left El Rosario at around 9::30 am. Myself, Matt, John, Javier, and Ronis dropped us off at
the beer fuente. From there we continued to walk to El Carrizalito. Once there, we surveyed for
the entire day. Before we started surveying, Javier called Martin, the electrical engineer who is
meeting with us the next day. We just confirmed the time and place where we were meeting.
Afterwards a call was made to Jose who then told us to call him after we met with Martin the
next day. First we surveyed a couple houses near the school and confirmed their house numbers.
Then we stopped for lunch at 12:30 pm. After wards we set up camp at the other side of the
village in order to survey another possible tank site. We left at around 4:15 pm to start hiking
back from El Carrizalito. While we were in El Carrizalito, Christine, Dan, and Dionisio traveled
to Yoro to go food shopping and buy certain materials. While Megan, Matt, Jabier, and John
were hiking up to El Carrizalito, we were on our way to Yoro. In Yoro we purchased groceries
and materials from the hardware store.
Contacts Made:
Lessons Learned:
Goals for Tomorrow

Date: December 21st, 2010
Day: 9 of 17
Weather Sunny with Clouds
Day’s Events: We left El Rosario to drive to La Havana at around 9 am to meet with Martin
Castillo who is an electrical engineer. For multiple reasons, he didn’t arrive in La Havana until
around 11 am. We then all drove to the beer fuente right outside El Rosario. Martin came to
assess the land from the electrical lines already existing on the road to the village of El
Carrizalito. We split into different groups and started to ascend the many neighboring mountains.
We eventually had to steer off the trail which caused the beginning of a lot of bush wacking. As
each group continued to hike to different points in the mountains, Martin told us when to flag a
certain point. This point marked an area that could be a potential pole site for the electrical lines.
It was marked with astacas and bright orange flagging tape. We continued on with ties with no
lunch break until all pole locations were found. We also learned a lot of information and got
many questions answered throughout the day. Martin discussed with us the process that is
required in order to get electricity to El Carrizalito. We left El Carrizalito at around 4:30 pm and
began the trek back to the car at the beginning of the path at the beer fuente. All of us and the
kids who watched our trucks all day drove back to La Habana to escort the electrical engineer.
We then arrived back to El Rosario at around 6:30 pm and continued with the evening per usual.

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                        Rev. 09-2010
Northeastern University
El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project
Contacts Made:
Lessons Learned: Always carry some money with us whenever we leave the bunkhouse. You
never know when you will need it.
Goals for Tomorrow

Date: December 22, 2010
Day: 10 of 17
Weather Sunny, Warm, Full moon
Day’s Events: Today we slept in late until 8. We had breakfast and bought fruit from a fruit
truck. We then went to the community center to meet with the El Rosario water board. However
the water board did not show up and some of the members were not in the town. Meanwhile we
met with Freddie who was teaching a woodworking class. He gave us the saw part that ACTS
asked us to get. Next we went to Lillian’s house to look at her shower and toilet. We asked lots
of questions and took measurements and pictures and agreed that we would try to come up with a
solution. Next we met with the health committee and talked about the Lillian project. We agreed
to draw up plans and send them to ACTS. We then talked about the kitchen project at the
community center. They want us to draw up plans for a teaching kitchen that would be built in
the back corner of the center. We then returned to the bunkhouse and then drove to El Chaguite
to retest the water and take PR photos. We went to the tank and took a lot of good pictures.
However the tank water level was too low to take samples. Matt took some candid videos. After
dinner we discussed the contract with the Carrizalito water board. We also devised a way to
measure the flow rate at El Carrizalito.
Contacts Made: Freddy
Lessons Learned: When setting up meetings, be sure to verify that people are coming and be
open to night meetings because people work
Problems/Conflicts/Setbacks: The El Rosario water board didn’t show up, The Chaguite tank
wasn’t full
Goals for Tomorrow Meet with the Carrizalito water board, Continue/finish surveying, test the
flow rate at the source, survey around the source, met with the Rosario water board.

Date: December 23, 2010
Day: 11 of 17
Day’s Events: We got an early start today so that we could hike the long rate through Dionisio’s
field to Carrizalito. We met with the Patronados and some of the other villagers to talk about
some of the possible design ideas, the water board contract and the construction of the water
board. The attendees of the meeting all agreed with the points we had put on the contracts. After
the meeting we proceeded to the fuente to begin surveying. Matt, Megan, and Jabier surveyed,
John continued taking GPS points, and I took water quality samples. At around 4:00 pm, we
began our hike back down to el Rosario. After dinner we discussed with them the most recent

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                        Rev. 09-2010
Northeastern University
El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project
results of our water quality tests asked about the status of their Janjose float value tank, and
inquired about the status of their grant application. They did not get the grant from the
government but everything else in their system seemed to be running well (a new tank from
ACTS). We ended the meeting with Dan telling them that he would speak to Dr. Dean. When we
return and mention their request for funds
Contacts Made: Patronados of Carrizalito, Martin Marguerita, Lopez Ramirez (Rep. of Elders-
Carrizalito), Elmiz(Treasurer patronades), Jessica Jockin(in charge of the children’s safety),
Ramon Cabrera Lopez(watchman), Mario Luisa Coloresa(In charge of funds), Daisy Mercia(reps
of women).
Lessons Learned:
Problems/Conflicts/Setbacks: The water board of El Rosario arrived an hour and a half early
for the meeting, but this was not a huge conflict because we were adequately prepared for the
meeting nevertheless.
Goals for Tomorrow: Survey around source, survey from school to house2, measures the flow
rate at the source.

Date: December 24, 2010
Day: 12 of 17
Weather: Beautiful
Day’s Events: Christmas Eve Day! Today we were without Dionisio and Ronis :( We hiked to
Carrizalito carrying all of the new notebooks that were donated by staples. Next we grabbed the
survey equipment from Roberto’s house and went up on “long hill” (behind Carlos’) house to
survey from the school (west side of village) to house #2 and our new benchmark (house 25) in
the east side of the village. We then had lunch at the school before heading down to the source to
calculate the flow which we obtained by draining the pila and recording the time it took to refill
in one inch intervals. We calculated the flow rate to approximately 9 gpm (though this is not the
dry season) Dan and Javier also explored down below the cliff (below the source) in order to
better understand the effect we would have if we drained the flow entirely with our new system.
The team packed up and headed home around 4 in order to shower before Christmas Eve Mass in
El Rosario. Went to mass with Dianisio and his wife Nelly and then had a dinner party at their
friend Anna’s. Team had a good time dancing and eating great food.
Contacts Made:
Lessons Learned:
Goals for Tomorrow

Date: December 25, 2010
Day: 13 of 17
Weather: Clear
Day’s Events:
   1. Picked up Materials from the Bodega for providing a new tap on Carrizalito’s source

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                         Rev. 09-2010
Northeastern University
El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project
    2. Went to Los Oreos (Drive into La Reinada, turn right opposite the school)
            a. Met with many village members (President Jorge was away)
            b. Took GPS and census and water/latrine data from each house
            c. Took water quality samples and pressure data from houses with water
            d. Took water quality samples and flow rates from two pozos
            e. Made notes for a contour map
            f. Described our involvement with ACTS and now a project might go in the future.
            g. Promised to let Santo Lucas know if a project is feasible
    3. Lunch in the back of the truck in La Reinada in front of Freddy’s House
    4. Met with Freddy Lopez president of La Reinida water board.
            a. Discussed needs of Los Oreos and La Reinada
            b. Freddy fully supports connecting Los Oreos but it will require funding.
            c. Visited tank site and took dimensions and GPS elevation
            d. Took water quality and pressure at one house in La Reinada. Promised to give
               Freddy a report.
    5. Got a Tortilla- Moring lesson from Santiago and Rita.
Contacts Made: Santo Lucas, Community Member in Los Oreos, Freddy Lopez, President of La
Reinada’s water board.
Lessons Learned: Must make it a habit to always talk to Ronis and Dionisio about the day’s
plan before leaving the compound.
Problems/Conflicts/Setbacks: Got to the village with no plan.
Goals for Tomorrow:
    1. Get signed contract from Roberto, photograph+leave with him
    2. Deliver Electrical property easement forms to Roberto
    3. Look at house 20.5
    4. Look at are of 20’s houses
    5. Look at potential Transmission main Reldes
At bunkhouse
    1. Prep for Los Planes visit
    2. Prep for La Concepcion visit

Date: December 26, 2010
Day: 14 of 17
Weather: Cloudy, Some rain
Day’s Events: We started the day hiking up to El Carrizalito. There we met up with Roberto and
gave him the ENEE contract. This contract gave ENEE permission to build on the land owner’s
property. We also gave Roberto the results of the water quality tests of the source and six pozos.
We then went around double checking our survey data. We GPS’ed a few houses and knoll
peaks. WE also surveyed a family which didn’t appear on our map. WE asked them questions
such as their family size, genders and ages. After receiving this census data and taking the
family’s picture we went to the pila to add a tap to the fuente. TO do this we drained the fuente

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                         Rev. 09-2010
Northeastern University
El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project
and removed the old plastic tap that had broken inside the metal coupling. Upon adding the water
tap, we waited for the water to rise and outflow to the pila. Lastly, we went back to Roberto and
he gave us the Contract signed by all the village elders. We took pictures of the signatures.
Contacts Made: None
Lessons Learned: Hondurans have personal IDs, Bring sewing needles on trips, be careful who
you ask to take pictures.
Problems/Conflicts/Setbacks: None
Goals for Tomorrow:
    1. Go to La Concepcion- tell them we can’t help them and that we are already committed
    2. Go to Los Planes – Check in on them to see how they’re doing
    3. GO to El Chaquite – take a water quality test at the tank
    4. Call Jose Arriaga for dinner on Tuesday
    5. Pack
    6. Replace solar logger
    7. Talk to Roni and Dioniso and tell them how to communicate with us
    8. Give Dioniso tank drawings for El Chaguite.

Date: December 27, 2010
Day: 15 of 17
Weather: Rainy
Day’s Events: This morning we started out to Los Planes to first visit part of the system and then
to visit the villagers. We began at one of the GI bridges where Dan explained the construction of
it and we discussed the structural aspect of the suspension. Next we drove to the center of the
village and met some of the villagers including the president of the village and lfonso. By the
community Pila I took a water quality sample at Alfonso’s tap and Mat recorded the president of
the village saying kind words and expressing his gratitude for the work EWB NEU did in his
village a few years ago and for our consistence in checking up on them. They told us of a few
problems they had with their system but told us they were fully capable of fixing their problems
on their own now. We then went by La Concepcion to tell them that at this point we were already
committed to another community and wouldn’t be able to help them with their system any time
soon. We hiked to their current source and a prospective source to take some samples in the rain
then headed back to the bunkhouse. At the bunkhouse we ate lunch with Ronis and Dionisio and
then compared notes from El Carrizalito with Dionisio, Jabier and Megan went with Dan to
replace some materials at the Bodega after I replaced the solar logger on the roof of the clinique.
Jabier called Jose Arriga to confirm our dinner plans for tomorrow and then we all began to
Contacts Made:
Lessons Learned: Always bring a raincoat
Problems/Conflicts/Setbacks: Weather prevented our visit to Chaguite
Goals for Tomorrow: Wake up and say our goodbyes/ pay our staff. Load up truck. Drive to
San Pedro Sula to check into hotel. Green Market

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Document 522 - Post-Assessment Report                                        Rev. 09-2010
Northeastern University
El Carrizalito, Honduras
Water Project
As we were walking along the “new” line, we came across an air valve which is always left
open. Later when we were walking through the village where we were told that the houses far
away from the road have had water from both systems. The houses near both sided of the road
have never had water. We also learned that the village connected the old system with parts of the
“new” system. It was 3:39 pm by then so we had to wrap things up in order to get back to El
Rosario before dark. It was a fairly long ride from El Chaguite and or El Rosario to Santa Rosa.
We walked back to the truck and decided what we were going to say to Maria and the other
villages. We told them we appreciated their hardworking dedication to their water system that we
also understood their frustration (because the villagers did a lot of work that was never put to
use, i.e. digging trenches that were never used.) We told them that we can’t help them right now
because we currently have commitments with other villages. They understood. We told them that
if they got the pipe fixed before we left, then we will come back and get the flow at different
houses in order to better understand their current water system. We would also tell them the
results of the water quality tests we performed from their source box. We then said our goodbye
at 4:00 pm and drove through La Conception back to El Rosario.
Once we got back to the bunkhouse, Matt, Megan, and I played soccer with the kids while other
people took showers. We then went to the big field to play while everyone else played with the
kids outside the bunkhouse. We then ate dinner and finished taking showers.
We spoke to Ronis about bringing Dionisio with us in the villages. We told him we didn’t want
him to fell like the “helper” when Dionisio is around because he is now our main guide
Goals: Call Jose, Visit Carrizalito

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