History of Figure Drawing

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					History of Figure Drawing
The Earliest form of Figure
           • The human figure was
             depicted in prehistoric
             cave art as rough art
             simplified symbol,
             compared with the
             incredible realistic
             images of bison, cattle,
             horses and deer.
                          Neolithic Drawings -
                            later part of the
                               stone age
                          • We see this early form of
                            human stick figure
                            animation in the hunt
                            scene, where slightly
                            greater detail, sense of the
                            3-dimensionality, and
                            more correct proportion,
                            particularly about the head
A fight, apparently for     and horns, is given to the
possession of a bull        body of the bull.
                                    Egyptian Art
                                • Figures in Egyptian
                                  art, based on
                                  relating to images
                                  rather than on direct
                                  combined profile
                                  and frontal views
                                  into the same image
                                • Differences in scale
                                  designated degree
Duck hunting and fishing scene,
                                  of importance.
detail of wall painting from tomb
of Nakht.
                               Greeks and
                             • Later, Greeks and
                               Roman artists
                               developed remarkable
                               skill in depicting the
                               complex form of the
                               human body,
                               mastering the
                               relationships of its
                               parts and principle of
Karneia Painter - 410 B.C.
• Foreshortening - the
  term that applies to
  organic and bodily
  structure forms seen
  in perspective.
  Such as the knee ->
• How: Careful
  observation of
  overlapping shapes
  and diminishing
                              4th Century to
                              14th Century
                               (300s to 1300s) A.D.

• With the emergence of Christian art in the
  fourth century, and for almost a thousand
  years thereafter, human drawings of the
  human figure were replaced by more symbolic,
  even stylized forms stressing the spiritual
  rather than the physical qualities of its visual
      Human Body Drawing
• In the years of the European
  Renaissance (1400) with its heightened
  focus on the visual, the need to
  understand natural phenomena and
  their interrelationships led to merging of
  artistic and scientific inquiry.
• Study of human anatomy.
                         Michelangelo /
                        Renaissance Artist
                        These powerful bodies -
                         with their small heads,
                         hands, and feet, and
                         their great torsos,
                         thighs, and arms - are
                         convincing because
                         they are based on a
                         profound, studied
                         knowledge of the bone
Figure Study, Pen and
Ink, by Michelangelo
                         and muscle structure.
       Renaissance Artists
• With their new understanding of the
  human body, Renaissance artists
  moved from direct observation to
  creating ideal figures by establishing a
  system of proportions as the ancient
  Greeks had done.
Renaissance Artists
           • The best known
             example of this
             approach to human
             proportions was
             Leonardo da
             Vinci’s Vitruvian
  Sculptor - Adolf A.Weinman

• Artist Adolf Weinman, drew skeletons
  and cadavers in a class in anatomy for
  artists, 2 times a week for two years.
• An awareness of the body’s basic
  construction is of obvious assistance in
  drawing the human form, since inner
  structure influence outward appearance.
             Life Drawing
• The act of drawing from live models in
  order to record the movement, gesture,
  and essential physical capabilities of the
  human body as an aesthetically
  pleasing art form. Also, drawing from
  life in order to gain a mechanical as well
  as visual understanding of live forms
  and how they exist and move in space.

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