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Cold War Study Guide

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Cold War Study Guide
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Multiple Choice

1.Which of the following countries has a veto in the UN Security Council?

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2.As jobs and people moved to the suburbs, what happened?

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3.Because demand far exceeded the supply of goods after World War II, the nation experienced
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4.On June 25, 1950, North Korean troops suddenly invaded
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5.At the end of the Korean War, the two sides established

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            Directions: Use the quotation and your knowledge of social studies to answer the questions.

           “[A]n iron curtain has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the
           ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe . . . all these famous cities and populations around
           them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere.”
           – Winston Churchill, 1946

6.Which of the following is the BEST summary of Churchill’s quote?
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7.Which term in the quote is a way of referring to a barrier to understanding and information?
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8.The explosion of an atomic bomb by the Soviet Union in 1949 had the following result:
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9. Which two people were found guilty of supplying secret information to the Soviet Union during the Cold War?
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10. The Cuban missile crisis occurred when….
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11.Which country supported the Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh? ____________________________________________
12. When did the Cold War begin? _____________________________________________________________________
13.What was the Marshall Plan?
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14.What was the Berlin Airlift?
15.What does the United Nations have that the League of Nations did not?
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16. In 1949, what nation became the second to detonate an atomic bomb? ______________________________________
17. What caused the inflation that followed World War II?

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18. Which of the following was passed by Congress after Truman won the 1948 election?
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19.Which president was responsible for the Interstate Highway Act? __________________________________________
20. During the 1950s, what new product had the most significant impact on American life? ________________________
21.Who led the UN military forces during the Korean War? _________________________________________________
22.Why did Truman fire MacArthur?
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23. How did the Korean War end?
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24. Who took control of the Soviet Union after Stalin’s death? _______________________________________________
25.Which country launched the world’s first human-made satellite into orbit? __________________________________
26.What is the Peace Corps? _________________________________________________________________________
27. With Europe weakened by World War II, many Asian countries __________________________________________
28.Who ran for re-election on a platform of “peace, progress, and prosperity” in 1956? ___________________________
29.What did Stalin promise at Yalta? ____________________________________________________________________
30.Which of the following countries has a veto in the UN Security Council?
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31. Because demand far exceeded the supply of goods after World War II, the nation experienced
           ________________________________________________________________________________________
32.Which African country became a flashpoint between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War?
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            “Nearly every nation must choose between alternative ways of life. The choice is
            too often not a free one. One way of life is based on the majority. . . . The second
            way of life is based upon the will of a minority forcibly imposed upon the
            majority. . . . I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support
            free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation [conquest] by armed
            minorities or by outside pressures. I believe that we must assist free peoples to
            work out their own destinies in their own way.”
                                                             —Truman Doctrine, March 12, 1947

           Use the excerpt and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

33.Why was the Truman Doctrine developed?
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34.Which organization did East Germany join? ___________________________________________________________

            “These families enjoyed higher incomes than many of their counterparts in
            other parts of the country. They spent large sums of money on recreation. By
            the end of the 1950s, about 75 percent of these families owned a car, and
            even more owned a TV set. . . .”

           Use the excerpt and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

35.The families described in the excerpt above lived _____________________________________________________.
36. Whose name has come to be associated with accusing someone of disloyalty without having any evidence?
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37.Why did the United States consider the situation in Cuba to be serious enough to mount a naval blockade?
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38.Which two countries led the arms race? _______________________________________________________________
39.Why did Stalin break his promise to allow free elections in Eastern Europe?
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40.What results when demand for goods far exceeds their supply? ____________________________________

41.What happened to the American standard of living in the 1950s?
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42. How did the UN Security Council respond to the invasion of South Korea by North Korea?
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43.Why did Truman forbid MacArthur to attack China?
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44. Of what was Alger Hiss convicted?
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45. How did McCarthy's career as a senator end?
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46.What did Fidel Castro announce after taking power in Cuba?
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47. How did the Soviets respond to America's blockade of Cuba?
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48.What was the most dangerous feature of the Cold War?
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49.Which of these was the first Asian country to win independence after World War II?
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50. Instead of using their nuclear weapons, the superpowers did what with them?
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