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					Warming up and reading
Nowadays there are a lot of
unexpected accidents. What would you
do in such situations?
                                    treat
                                    a hurt
                                    ankle

1. The best way to treat a hurt ankle is to:
A. Put an ice pack on your ankle.
B. Put a heating pad(垫子)around your
  ankle.
C. Keep on walking and jumping.
2. If you get a nosebleed, gently let your
  head back to stop the bleeding.
 A. Right
 B. Wrong
 (It may lead the blood into the throat
 and easily cause choking.)
3. To treat a burn, you should:
 A. Rub(擦)some butter on it.
 B. Hold the burnt part under cold
    running water.
 C. Put salt on the burnt part.
4. Your friend has an asthma(哮喘) attack,
  but she doesn’t have her medicine. You’d
  better:
 A. Get a paper bag for her to breathe into.
 B. Get her a cup of coffee.
 C. Take her outside for fresh air.
    (caffeine咖啡因 can help to dilate扩大
   the windpipe气管)
5. To treat a choke, you should make him
  /her spit by patting him/her on the back.
 A. Right
 B. Wrong
            What is first aid?
help , fall ill , injured , quickly , temporary, save


               temporary
First aid is a________ form of ____help
given to someone who suddenly
                   injured
______ or gets ______ before a
falls ill
doctor can be found. Often the
illness or injury is not serious, but
there are other times when giving
           quickly       save
first aid ______ will ____one’s life.
READING

      First aid for burns
Fast reading

1.We know the text is about first aid for
  burns. How is the informotoin organized?

The information is organized according to cause,
 types, characteristics and first aid treatmant for
 burns.
part 1
 The functions of skin:
                                    poisons
   1)Protect you against diseases , ___________
     and the sun’s harmful rays ;
  2) Keep you warm or cool ;
  3) Prevent your body from____________;
                            losing water

  4) Give you sense of touch     .
Careful reading
                  1000


                  800



                  500


                  300


                  200



                  100
  In which order are these topics covered in the
  text? Number them from 1 to 5.
 3
____ the three types of burns
 5
____ what to do if someone gets burned
 1
____ the functions(功能) of skin
 4
____ the symptoms(症状)of burns
  2
____ how we get burns
  Part 2 Causes of burns

                                              radiation
Hot liquids
                  steam
                                   fire




        The sun      electricity          chemicals
Part 3 Types of burns
     There are _______ types of burns depending on
                 three
         layers
which _______ are burned.
      _______________                    top
    First degree burns affect only the _____ layer and
should feel better within _______________.
                            a day or two
                                           top
   Second degree burns affect both the _____ and the
      ________________
 second                           serious
_______ layer. These burns are _______ and take
   a few weeks
______________ to heal.
                                    three
    Third degree burns affect all ______ layers and
      ________________
     tissue       organs
any ______ and ______ under the skin. They are very
_______ injuries and the victim must get to ________
 severe                                        hospital
at once.
Part 4        Characteristics of burns

    first                        Red, swollen
degree burn                      and with blisters
                             A


  second                         Mildly swollen
degree burn
                             B


    third                        Tissue under
                                  them often
degree burn
                             C   can be seen.
Part 5      Treatment        Dos
1. Take off clothing and jewelry near the
   ________
   burns.
2. Cool the burns with cool but not icy
   ______
   water.
   Place
3. ______ cool, clean wet cloths on the
   burns.
   Dry
4. ______ the burned area gently.
   Cover
5. ______ the burned area with a dry clean
   bandage.
6. Keep the burned area higher than the
   ______                   ______
   heart, if possible.
7. Get                 to
   ______ the victim ____the doctor or
   hospital, if the injuries are second or
   third degree burns.
Don'ts
          remove
1. Do not ________ the clothing that is
stuck to the burns.
                                 icy
2. Do not cool the burns with _____ water.
                               third
3. Do not put cool water on _____degree
burns.
           put
4. Do not ____ butter, oil, ointment on
burns.
           rub
5. Do not ____ the burns, it will break the
blisters.
Read the passage and decide whether the
first aid treatment is True (T) or False (F).
1. When someone is burned, you should
place some ice on his wound. F
2. The function of cool water is to prevent
and reduce swelling. T
3. We should put damp cloths on the second
degree burns. T
4. We shouldn’t break the blisters, or they
will make the wound infected. T
Consolidation
Right or Wrong
  1. Sam knocked over a kettle full of
     boiling water onto his legs. His legs
     became red, swollen and covered
     with blisters. Sam broke the blisters
     and poured icy water from the fridge
     onto the skin.    ( W)
2. While ironing clothes, Miss Good
   accidentally touched the iron. Her
   wrist blistered and became watery. It
   hurt a lot. She put her wrist under the
   cold water tap and then kept placing
   cool, clean, damp cloths on it until it
   was less painful. Then she went to see
   the doctor.     ( R)
3. Mrs Casey’s sleeve caught fire while
   she was cooking . Her arm looked
   terrible but it didn’t hurt. The skin
   was charred. Her husband took off
   her blouse and picked off bits of the
   blouse stuck to the burn. He then
   placed butter on the burn and
   covered it with a wet bandage.
   ( W)
4. After an hour in the sun, Lily noticed
   her arms were red and hurt a bit.
   She went home and put them under
   cool running water.    ( R)
Be cautious in our daily
life to avoid accidents.

Be helpful whenever
there is a need.

				
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