Intermodal transport - Freight service Department_ JSC “Serbian Railways”

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					        1st South East Environment Workshop



   Transport Corridors VII and X through
       Serbia, Intermodal transport


Andrija Ristović
Leading organizer for intermodal transport
Freight service Department, JSC “Serbian Railways”
THE CORRIDOR VII
                       Corridor VII – Danube river
•   The total length: 2.850 km
•   The navigable length: 2.411 km
•   The navigable length through Serbia: 588 km
                        Corridor VII – Danube river
•   The Corridor VII links 10 European countries which have exits to the navigable parts
    of the River Danube.

•   As Corridor VII, the Danube is an important line of communication, especially after
    the opening of the Rhine-Main-Danube canal (1992). The Danube links the Black Sea
    with the West European industrial centers and the Port of Rotterdam.

•   The cargo transport is mostly to do with non-mineral and mineral raw materials, iron,
    copper, solid fuels and cereals, totaling altogether about 100 million tonnes a year.
    There are almost 100 commercial ports in the Danube Basin, of which 11 are in
    Serbia.

•   Starting from the state border with Hungary and all the way to Belgrade, the Danube
    runs almost parallel with the route of the European highway and railroad, which
    makes this geographical area extremely valuable and important from the economic
    and every other point of view. This is further corroborated by the fact that over the
    period of 2001-2009 foreign investors invested approximately two thirds of the total
    foreign investments in Serbia in the area along the Danube and in its bordering parts.
Corridor VII and Corridor X
             Basic infrastructure of the internal water traffic


•      Basic infrastructure of the internal water traffic is made up of the Danube, Sava, Tisa
       and the Danube-Tisa-Danube canal, eight international ports on the Danube, as well
       as several ports on the Sava River and one port on the Tisa River.

•      The entire length of the inland waterways (IWW) in the territory of the Republic of
       Serbia at middle water levels amounts to approximately 1,680 km. Navigation
       conditions on rivers vary, depending on the size of the vessel.


                                               The length (km) of navigable waterways for ships of carrying capacity
               The total navigable
Waterway
                      length (km)    ≤ 150 t            ≤ 400 t            ≤ 650 t             ≤ 1500 t                > 1500 t


    Danube            588             588                588                 588                 588                     588

     Sava             207             207                207                 207                 207

     Tisa             164             164                164                 164                 164

    HS DTD            600             342                321                 321                   -                      -
       Goods traffic at major ports in 2009 (in tonnes)



                                   Novi                                   Sremska
                        Beograd             Kovin     Pančevo   Prahovo               Smederevo   Other ports
                                   Sad                                    Mitrovica

  National traffic      579.865    5.717    346.435   38.185     5.028    286.723      105.658     923.679


      Loading           52.400       -      328.258   37.330    37.330     5.028       94.110      542.073


     Unloading          527.465    5.717    18.177      855        -      200.277      11.548      381.606


International traffic   329.285   785.306             814.237   229.575    8.828      1.850.529    655.504


      Imports           273.631   153.920             230.239   229.575    8.828      1.670.367    230.897


      Exports           55.654    631.386   30.482    583.998      -          -        180.162     424.607


       Total            909.150   791.023   379.232   852.422   234.603   295.551     1.956.187    1.579.183
Exports of goods in tons through important ports in 2009.
                           year
   from port                                        Important ports on Danube
                                                                                                 Other     Other
                 to port     Total                                                              Danube    domestic
                                       Pančevo   Smederevo   Beograd    Novi Sad      Prahovo    ports      ports
   Foreign Danube ports
 Galac                        8.168          -       8.168          -             -         -         -          -
 Ismail                       4.544          -           -          -             -         -     4.544          -
 Reni                        18.541     18.541           -          -             -         -         -          -
 Černa voda                 139.272     36.467       2.996          -     60.144            -    39.665          -
 Đurđu                       19.230          -       5.275      1.826      2.537            -     9.592          -
 Ruse                        88.348      4.733      20.258      3.271     36.504            -    23.582          -
 Turn Severin                17.414          -           -          -             -         -    15.694      1.720
 Bratislava                   2.243          -       2.081          -           162         -         -          -
 Beč                         16.551          -      15.502          -             -         -     1.049          -
 Degensdorf                   1.803        849         954          -             -         -         -          -
 Regensburg                  88.747      1.505      73.762        143      4.922            -     8.415          -
 Konstanca                  859.960    149.331       4.022     44.047    383.974            -   278.586          -
 Other ports                641.468    266.357      43.418      1.628    136.963            -   191.849      1.253


                 Total     1.906.289   477.783     176.436     50.915    625.206            -   572.976      2.973
       Import of goods in tons through important ports in 2009.
                                 year

  from port                                                 Important ports on Danube
                                                                                                              Other        Other
                     to port    Total                                                                        Danube       Domestic
                                           Pančevo       Smederevo    Beograd       Novi Sad   Prahovo        ports        ports
       Foreign Danube ports
Galac                           115.231              -            -      2.066             -    112.153        1.012             -
Ismail                            9.139              -            -             -          -      8.102        1.037             -
Reni                            114.782       9.481         24.063        396        29.424              -    51.418             -
Černa voda                       19.235              -      16.348       2.887             -             -            -          -
Ruse                            130.188      52.242          1.681       3.726         8.416      1.267       33.721        29.135
Turn Severin                     50.598       6.140          3.947       1.002       10.634              -            -     28.875
Budimpešta                       15.230              -      14.306              -          -             -            -        924
Bratislava                       15.162              -      11.876       1.037             -             -     2.249             -
Komarno                          66.842              -      34.043              -          -     32.799               -          -
Beč                                 576              -         140        436              -             -            -          -
Linc                             26.065       2.049         24.016              -          -             -            -          -
Regensburg                        8.505              -            -      1.000         4.230             -     3.275             -
Konstanca                       228.608       2.577        129.145      17.110       30.260      16.053       30.513         2.950
Other ports                    1.995.040    101.229       1.410.802    146.055       65.946      54.594      162.432        53.982


                      Total    2.795.201    173.718       1.670.367    175.715      148.910                  285.657       115.866
                                                                                                224.968
APATIN
    Port information
    - Total area: 30,000 m²
    - Length of quay: 340 m (total), 240 m (vertical) and
    100 m (sloped)
    - Number of berths: 3
    - Rail connection
    - Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: external
    - Road connection, distance to next highway: 1.00
    km
    - Number of parking places for trucks: 40

    Handling facilities and devices
    - Luffing-slewing cranes: 1(Lifting capacity max:
    6.00t)
    - Fork lifters (<3t): 1
    - Conveyor belt: 1
    - Pneumatic equipment: 1

    Storage facilities (for entire port)
    - Open storage: 25,000m²
SOMBOR
   Port information
   - Total area: 30.000 m²
   - Length of quay: 400 m (total), 400 m (sloped)
   - Number of berths: 5
   - Rail connection , length of rail siding: 860 m
   - Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: external
   - Road connection, distance to next highway: 29 km
   - Number of parking places for trucks: 20

   Handling facilities and devices
   - Luffing-slewing cranes: 1 (Lifting capacity max: 6
   t)
   - Fork lifters (<3 t): 2
   -Pneumatic equipment: 2

   Storage facilities (for entire port)
   - Covered storage: 3.960 m²
   - Open storage: 13.120 m²
   - Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 360 m²
   - Free port zone: 2.880 m²
BOGOJEVO

    Port information
    - Total area: 150,000 m²
    - Length of quay: 150 m (total), 150 m (vertical)
    - Number of berths: 2
    - Rail connection, length of rail siding: 300 m
    - Shunting modes: external
    - Road connection, distance to next highway: 1 km
    - Number of parking places for trucks: 30

    Handling facilities and devices
    - Luffing-slewing cranes: 1(Lifting capacity max: 30
    t)
    - Conveyor belt: 1
    - Pneumatic equipment: 1

    Storage facilities (for entire port)
    - Capacity of silos: 30.000m³ (grain)
BAČKA PALANKA

       Port information
       - Total area: 640.000 m²
       - Number of basins: 1
       - Length of quay: 342 m (total), 70 m (vertical) and
       272 m (sloped)
       - Number of berths: 1
       - Road connection, distance to next highway: 30 km
       - Number of parking places for trucks: 50

       Handling facilities and devices
       - Mobile cranes: 1 (Lifting capacity max: 9 t)
       - Floating cranes: 1 (Lifting capacity max: 6 t)
       - Luffing-slewing cranes: 1 (Lifting capacity max: 12
       t)
       - Fork lifters (<3t): 2
       - Conveyor belt: 2

       Storage facilities (for entire port)
       - Covered storage: 1.000 m²
       - Open storage: 12.000 m²
NOVI SAD
     Port information
     Total area: 350,000 m²
     Length of quay: 800 m (total), 126 m (vertical) and
     674 m (sloped)
     Number of berths: 4
     Winter harbour
     Rail connection | Shunting modes: external
     Road connection, distance to next highway: 2.00
     km
     Number of parking places for trucks: 40

     Handling facilities and devices
     Luffing-slewing cranes: 3, Lifting capacity max:
     27.00t
     Fork lifters (3-5t): 6, Fork lifters (>5t): 2
     Pneumatic equipment: 1

     Storage facilities (for entire port)
     Covered storage: 40,000m²
     Open storage: 45,000m²
     Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 4,800m²
BEOGRAD
    Port information
    Total area: 1,000,000 m²
    Number of basins: 1
    Length of quay: 950 m (total), 612 m (vertical) and
    338 m (sloped)
    Number of berths: 8
    Winter harbour
    Rail connection , length of rail siding: 12,507 m
    Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: own
    Road connection, distance to next highway: 5.00
    km
    Number of parking places for trucks: 80

    Handling facilities and devices
    Gantry cranes: 2, Lifting capacity max: 50.00t
    Mobile cranes: 4, Lifting capacity max: 40.00t
    Luffing-slewing cranes: 10, Lifting capacity max:
    6.00t
    Fork lifters (<3t): 41 Fork lifters (>5t): 16
    Reach stackers number: 1
    Covered water transhipment
    Craft assistance
    Conveyor belt: 1

    Storage facilities (for entire port)
    Covered storage: 300,000m²
    Racks: 4,000m²
    Open storage: 650,000m²
    Storage for dangerous goods: 900m²
    Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 5,000m²
    Free port zone: 5,000m²
PANČEVO
    Port information
    Total area: 2,400,000 m²
    Number of basins: 1
    Length of quay: 760 m (total)
    Number of berths: 9
    Winter harbour
    Rail connection , length of rail siding: 6,100 m
    Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: own
    Road connection, distance to next highway: 20.00
    km
    Number of parking places for trucks: 200

    Handling facilities and devices
    Floating cranes: 1, Lifting capacity max: 5.00t
    Luffing-slewing cranes: 3, Lifting capacity max:
    27.50t
    Fork lifters (<3t): 7 , Fork lifters (3-5t): 5 , Fork
    lifters (>5t): 7
    Craft assistance
    Conveyor belt: 1
    Pneumatic equipment: 1
    Wheel loader: 3
    Vehicle mounted crane: 4

    Storage facilities (for entire port)
    Covered storage: 40,000m²
    Racks: 5,400m²
    Open storage: 200,000m²
    Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 107,000m²
    Capacity of silos: 55,000m³ (grain)
SMEDEREVO
     Port information
     Total area: 35,000 m²
     Length of quay: 500 m (total), 500 m (vertical)
     Number of berths: 4
     Road connection, distance to next highway: 15.00
     km
     Number of parking places for trucks: 100


     Handling facilities and devices
     Mobile cranes: 6, Lifting capacity max: 130.00t
     Luffing-slewing cranes: 1, Lifting capacity max:
     10.00t
     Fork lifters (3-5t): 2, Fork lifters (>5t): 4
     Craft assistance
     Conveyor belt: 1

     Storage facilities (for entire port)
     Covered storage: 1,200m²
     Open storage: 1,500m²
     Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 1,000m²
SMEDEREVO FERANEX AG

          Port information
          Total area: 500,000 m²
          Length of quay: 200 m (vertical), 300 m (sloped)
          Water depth: 3.00 m
          Number of berths: 2
          Winter harbour
          Rail connection, length of rail siding: 1,000 m
          Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: external
          Road connection, distance to next highway: 10.00
          km
          Number of parking places for trucks: 70

          Handling facilities and devices
          Gantry cranes: 1, Lifting capacity max: 30.00t
          Mobile cranes: 3, Lifting capacity max: 130.00t
          Fork lifters (<3t): 3, Fork lifters (3-5t): 2
PRAHOVO
    Port information
    Total area: 70,473 m²
    Number of basins: 1
    Length of quay: 560 m (total), 320 m (vertical) and
    240 m (sloped)
    Number of berths: 7
    Winter harbour
    Rail connection
    Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: own
    Road connection, distance to next highway: 160 km
    Number of parking places for trucks: 30

    Handling facilities and devices
    Gantry cranes: 3, Lifting capacity max: 40.00t
    Luffing-slewing cranes: 3, Lifting capacity max:
    10.00t
    Fork lifters (<3t): 1
    Covered water transshipment
    Craft assistance
    Conveyor belt: 1

    Storage facilities (for entire port)
    Covered storage: 2,000m²
    Open storage: 2,000m²
    Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 800m²
SREMSKA MITROVICA

         Port information
         Total area: 500,000 m²
         Number of basins: 1
         Length of quay: 100 m (total)
         Number of berths: 1
         Rail connection , length of rail siding: 3,100 m
         Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: external
         Road connection, distance to next highway: 1 km
         Number of parking places for trucks: 80

         Handling facilities and devices
         Luffing-slewing cranes: 1, Lifting capacity max:
         5.00t
         Fork lifters (<3t): 6 , Fork lifters (3-5t): 1, Fork lifters
         (>5t): 1
         Reachstackers: 2
         Craft assistance
         Conveyor belt: 1
         Pneumatic equipment: 1

         Storage facilities (for entire port)
         Covered storage: 18,000m²
         Open storage: 20,000m²
         Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 8,000m²
ŠABAC


   Port information
   Total area: 5,600 m²
   Length of quay: 125 m (total), 125 m (vertical)
   Number of berths: 1
   Rail connection , length of rail siding: 17,500 m
   Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: own
   Road connection, distance to next highway: 34.00
   km
   Number of parking places for trucks: 10

   Handling facilities and devices
   Mobile cranes: 1, Lifting capacity max: 12.00t
   Luffing-slewing cranes: 2, Lifting capacity max:
   5.00t

   Storage facilities (for entire port)
   Covered storage: 12,000m²
   Open storage: 1,000m²
ŠABAC – INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC PORT


                 Port information
                 Total area: 451,400 m²
                 Number of basins: 1
                 Rail connection
                 Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: external
                 Road connection, distance to next highway: 34.00
                 km
                 Number of parking places for trucks: 100

                 Handling facilities and devices
                 Fork lifters (<3t): 2 , Fork lifters (3-5t): 6, Fork lifters
                 (>5t): 1
                 Vehicle mounted crane 20 tons: 1

                 Storage facilities (for entire port)
                 Covered storage: 22,000m²
                 Open storage: 10,000m²
                 Special storage: 3,000m²
                 Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 10,000m²
                 Free port zone: 7,000m²
SENTA

   Port information
   Total area: 17,400 m²
   Length of quay: 130 m (total), 65 m (vertical) and
   65 m (sloped)
   Number of berths: 2
   Rail connection , length of rail siding: 2,000 m
   Rail tariff point | Shunting modes: external
   Road connection, distance to next highway: 1.00
   km
   Number of parking places for trucks: 35

   Handling facilities and devices
   Luffing-slewing cranes: 2, Lifting capacity max:
   2.00t
   Conveyor belt: 1
   Pneumatic equipment: 1

   Storage facilities (for entire port)
   Covered storage: 7,435m²
   Open storage: 6,942m²
   Customs storage / bonded warehouse: 1,100m²
   Free port zone: 690m²
   Capacity of tanks: 250,000m³ (oil products)
THE CORRIDOR X
The Corridor X
The corridor X through Serbia


                  Electrified (25 kV / 50 Hz) on all routes
                  except relation Niš – Dimitrovgrad.
                  Electrification of this section is planned.
Possible axle loads on Serbian rail network
Freight transport on Serbian rail network




                                                       national transport
                  transit                                    26%
                   31%




                                                        export
                                                         18%
                            import
                             25%




                                     Domestic transport             2.667.572
                                     Export                         1.868.749
                                     Import                         2.611.761
                                     Transit                        3.260.637
                                     International transport        7.741.147
                                     Total transport              10.408.719
                               Import on Serbian Railways


    Country     tons                                                 Type of goods

                                                                                            various industrial and manufactured
1   Hungary    490.583                fertilizer                  oil products and gas
                                                                                                             products

2   Croatia    343.396          oil products and gas                   containers                   oil seeds and fruit


3     BIH      299.785             coal and coke                  metallurgy products           oore and iron concentrates

                                                                ores and concentrates of
4   Bulgaria   226.277             coal and coke                                                   oil products and gas
                                                                      nonferrous metals

5   Slovakia   209.532          metallurgy products                  coal and coke                 oil products and gas


6   Romania    199.327          oil products and gas              non-metallic minerals            chemical substances

                         various industrial and manufactured
7   Austria     66.955                                         Non-metal mineral products           building materials
                                          products
                           Export on Serbian Railways


     Country      tons                                             Type of goods


1   Montenegro   326.554        metallurgy products                metal products            Ore and iron concentrates


2   Macedonia    308.913        metallurgy products          Ore and iron concentrates          oil products and gas


                           non-food products of plant and
3      Italia    110.067                                        metallurgy products          Ore and iron concentrates
                                      animal origin

                                                                                           non-food products of plant and
4    Croatia      95.217        metallurgy products                   cereals
                                                                                                      animal origin

                                                                                           food products, beverages and
5    Albania      87.283     Ore and iron concentrates                cereals
                                                                                                         tobacco


6    Bulgaria     85.382       non-metallic minerals         Ore and iron concentrates          metallurgy products


                                                            food products, beverages and
7    Romania      68.701        oil products and gas                                            metallurgy products
                                                                          tobacco
                        Transit on Serbian Railways

•   The largest quantity of goods in transit is transported with trains from Hungary (27%)
    and Austria (10%)

•   25% of the total transit is realized with trains to Greece and 18% with trains to Turkey

•   The largest transit flows are on the routes: Hungary - Greece, Hungary - Turkey,
    Turkey - Hungary, Greece - Hungary, Austria - Greece, Bulgaria - Macedonia and
    Poland - Romania
INTERMODAL TRANSPORT
 1. Current flows in intermodal
transport on Serbian Railways
  Total volume of transport flows in intermodal
         transport on Serbian Railways
       1.800.000
                                               1.639.015
       1.600.000                                                                    1.463.139
                                   1.345.021              1.380.551
       1.400.000
       1.200.000                                                          1.144.037
       1.000.000         911.006
tons
        800.000
        600.000
        400.000
        200.000
                  0
                         2005       2006        2007       2008           2009         2010
                                                      years
 Type of loading units             2005        2006           2007           2008         2009          2010
 Containers                     911.006       1.341.906    1.626.025       1.375.262     1.133.058
 Swapbodies                               0      2.953        12.908           4.580          10.887
 Other intermodal units                   0        162               82          709             92
              ∑                 911.006       1.345.021    1.639.015       1.380.551     1.144.037     1.463.139
The share of intermodal transport in total transport
    volume on Serbian Railways (year: 2010)


                                       11,62%




                                                           Intermodal
                                                           Conventional



                88,38%




 The share of intermodal transport in total transport volume on
 Serbian Railways is almost without changes in last few years.
Transport volumes in national and international
             intermodal transport
         1.400.000
                                    1.196.6121.200.074
         1.200.000
                            1.049.969                               1.030.342
         1.000.000
                                                          863.527
          800.000
  tons
          600.000 533.235
                                         442.403                       432.797
          400.000   377.771
                               295.052                       280.510
          200.000                                  180.777

                0
                     2005     2006       2007      2008      2009      2010
                                            years


                                  International transport
                                  National transport

National transport is almost exclusively related to transport in open-
top containers for construction of roads.
 Transport volumes in import, export and transit

                  1.200.000

                  1.000.000

                   800.000

           tons    600.000                                                                    Import
                                                                                              Export
                   400.000
                                                                                              Transit
                   200.000

                            0
                                2005     2006   2007      2008   2009        2010
                                                   years
 Type of
                   2005           2006            2007             2008              2009                 2010
transport
 Import           55.390         85.151         145.230          150.711            113.501             115.256
 Export           12.964         19.370          27.256           28.246            19.104               17.958
 Transit          464.881        945.448        1.024.126        1.021.117          730.922             897.128
   ∑              533.235       1.049.969       1.196.612        1.200.074          863.527             1.032.352
     2. The main relations of
intermodal transport on Serbian
            Railways
  The main transport flows in intermodal transport on
                 Serbian Railways




 Inland transport (continental) – mostly in transit

 Overseas transport – mostly in import and export
                Intermodal transport in transit

Organization of transport: complete
trains, shuttle trains

Type of loading units: containers,
swapbodies, semitrailers

Main relations:
 Lambach – Sindos – Lambach
 Lambach – Halkali – Lambach
 Sopron – Thessaloniki – Shopron
 Sopron – Halkali – Sopron
 Ljubljana – Halkali – Ljubljana
 Piacenza – Berceni – Piacenza

Transport volume:
 more than 1200 trains in 2009 on the
relation north-south and v.v.
 85 trains in 2009 on the relation west-
east and v.v.
Intermodal transport in import / export

                             only containers are transported
      LEGEND

       Main rail lines       transport is realized in single wagons
       Container terminal
       Destination of
                            or group of wagons (that includes
       containers           shunting process in shunting yards).
                            There is no complete train.

                             very often there is no handling of
                            containers in destination station
                            (commodity is unloaded from container
                            that remains on rail car)
3. Technical base for
intermodal transport
                 Wagons for intermodal transport




                                                Kgs
                     Sgnss                                             Regs




Sgnss – wagons specialized for transport of containers and swapbodies (135 wagons in
traffic on the day October 05, 2010.)
Regs – four-axle flat wagons with sides and with built-in fittings for fastening of
containers (309 wagons in traffic on the day October 05, 2010.)
Rgs – four-axle flat wagons without sides and with built-in fittings for fastening of
containers (4 wagons in traffic on the day October 05.2010.)
Kgs – two-axle flat wagons with built-in fittings for fastening of containers (205
wagons in traffic on the day October 05, 2010.)
                             Intermodal terminals




 There is only one intermodal terminal in Serbia (ŽIT Beograd)
 There is possibillity for handling of 20ft, 40ft i 45 ft containers
 There is no possibillity for handling of containers with RID materials
 There is no possibility for entering of complete train to the terminal
 Terminal is located in the very city center
4. Directions for future
     development
             Directions for future development

 Start of work of national intermodal operator “Srbijakombi”

 Founding of Intermodal Development Center

 Completion of railway sector restructuring in Serbia

 Building of new terminal in Belgrade area
     THANK YOU FOR YOUR
         ATTENTION !



email: kombi.roba@srbrail.rs

				
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