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					 ASTHMA AND OUTDOOR AIR POLLUTION




1 Air pollution can make asthma                       • Also notice any asthma symptoms that
  symptoms worse and trigger attacks.                   begin up to a day after you have been
                                                        outdoors in polluted air. Air pollution
  If you or your child has asthma, have you             can make you more sensitive to asthma
  ever noticed symptoms get worse when                  triggers, like mold and dust mites. If
  the air is polluted? Air pollution can make           you are more sensitive than usual to
  it harder to breathe. It can also cause other         indoor asthma triggers, it could be
  symptoms, like coughing, wheezing, chest              due to air pollution outdoors.
  discomfort, and a burning feeling in the
  lungs.                                              Know when and where air pollution may
                                                      be bad.
  Two key air pollutants can affect asthma.
  One is ozone (found in smog). The other is          • Ozone is often worst on hot summer
  particle pollution (found in haze, smoke, and         days, especially in the afternoons and
  dust). When ozone and particle pollution              early evenings.
  are in the air, adults and children with            • Particle pollution can be bad any
  asthma are more likely to have symptoms.              time of year, even in winter. It can be
                                                        especially bad when the weather is calm,
                                                        allowing air pollution to build up.
2 You can take steps to help protect                    Particle levels can also be high:
  your health from air pollution.                       — Near busy roads, during rush hour,
    Get to know how sensitive you are to air              and around factories.
    pollution.                                          — When there is smoke in the air from
    • Notice your asthma symptoms when you                wood stoves, fireplaces, or burning
      are physically active. Do they happen               vegetation.
      more often when the air is more polluted?
      If so, you may be sensitive to air pollution.
Plan activities when and where pollution           • If you have symptoms during a certain
levels are lower. Regular exercise is                type of activity, ask your health care
important for staying healthy, especially            provider if you should follow an asthma
for people with asthma. By adjusting when            action plan.
and where you exercise, you can lead a
healthy lifestyle and help reduce your
                                                 3 Get up-to-date information about
asthma symptoms when the air is polluted.
In summer, plan your most vigorous                 your local air quality:
activities for the morning. Try to exercise        Sometimes you can tell that the air is
away from busy roads or industrial areas.          polluted—for example, on a smoggy or
On hot, smoggy days when ozone levels              hazy day. But often you can’t. In many
are high, think about exercising indoors.          areas, you can find air quality forecasts
                                                   and reports on local TV or radio. These
Change your activity level. When the air           reports use the Air Quality Index, or AQI,
is polluted, try to take it easier if you are      a simple color scale, to tell you how
active outdoors. This will reduce how              clean or polluted the air is. You can also
much pollution you breathe. Even if you            find these reports on the Internet at:
can’t change your schedule, you might be           www.epa.gov/airnow. You can use the AQI
able to change your activity so it is less         to plan your activities each day to help
intense. For example, go for a walk                reduce your asthma symptoms.
instead of a jog. Or, spend less time
on the activity. For example, jog for
20 minutes instead of 30.                        4 For more information:
                                                   Air quality and health:
Listen to your body. If you get asthma
                                                   • EPA’s AIRNow website at
symptoms when the air is polluted, stop your
                                                     www.epa.gov/airnow
activity. Find another, less intense activity.
                                                   • Call 1-800-490-9198 to request free EPA
Keep your quick-relief medicine on hand              brochures on: Ozone and Your Health,
when you’re active outdoors. That way,               Particle Pollution and Your Health, and Air
if you do have symptoms, you’ll be                   Quality Index: A Guide to Air Quality and
prepared. This is especially important               Your Health.
if you’re starting a new activity that is          Asthma:
more intense than you are used to.
                                                   • Centers for Disease Control and
Consult your health care provider. If you            Prevention (CDC) Web site at
have asthma symptoms when the air is                 www.cdc.gov/asthma
polluted, talk with your health care               Indoor air and asthma:
provider.
                                                   • EPA’s asthma website at
• If you will be exercising more than                www.epa.gov/asthma
  usual, discuss this with your health care
  provider. Ask whether you should use
  medicine before you start outdoor
  activities.




                                                                   EPA-452-F-04-002

				
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posted:8/19/2012
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