Greek Culture by dffhrtcv3

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									Greek Culture


   Drama and Philosophy
Historiae
 Herodotus of
  Halicanarssus:
 “the purpose is to
  prevent the traces of
  human events from
  being erased by time
  and to preserve the
  fame of the important
  and remarkable events”
 Thucydides: History of
  the Peloponnesian War.
  Explored long term
  cause and effect.
Drama
 Greeks loved tragedies
 Aeschylus: 27 time dramatist of the year!
 Simple plots based on a tragic flaw.
 Wrote in “Trilogies” such as the Oretesia.
 Euripedes: a skeptic who wrote about the
  excess of worshiping Dionysus in the
  Bacchae
 Social commentary: critical of Peloponnesian
  War-Lysistrata
Oedipus: Sophocles
Philosophy
 Greek word meaning “love of wisdom”
 Concerned with nature of universe and the
  place of divine forces within it.
 Sophists: traveling philosophical teachers
  who rejected speculation as foolish,
  understanding the universe was out of our
  reach…sole goal personal improvement.
 There is no absolute right or wrong, for this
  they were considered dangerous.
Socrates:
 Left no writings
 An “ugly stonemason”
 Preferred to teach for free as
  his sole purpose was
  understanding human nature
  and improving the individual.
 Socratic method: question
  and answer technique to
  lead the student to the
  answer.
 “Unexamined life is not worth
  living”
Sacrificed
Plato:
 Greatest philosopher of
  Western Civilization?
 Wrote a great deal on reality.
  How do we know what is
  real? Allegory of the Cave
 Major work is The Republic
 “Forms theory”. There are
  ideal forms, our job is to try
  and perceive them as best
  as we can through an
  astutely trained mind.
Allegory of the Cave
Republic
 Plato distrusted the
  democracy of Athens
 Population divided into three
  basic groups: a ruling elite
  (Philosopher Kings). 2.
  Those who showed courage
  (warriros to protect). 3. The
  masses, those driven by
  desire.
 Equality of the genders.
 “there will no rest from
  troubles” unless
  Philosophers become kings.
The Academy
 Founded in the 4th century BCE ran until it
  was closed in the 6th century CE by the
  Byzantine emperor Justinian.
Aristotle
 Studied at Plato’s Academy
 Tutored Alexander the Great
 Dismissed Plato’s forms.
 Intense study could lead to
  the understanding of objects
  and their true form.
 Emphasized classification
  and research
Politics
 Aristotle examined 158 state
    constitutions.
   Examined three “good
    governments” that can
    become bad
   1. Monarchy (can become
    tyranny)
   2. Aristocracy (can become
    oligarchy)
   3. Constitutional
    Government (that can
    become “mob rule” or
    anarchy.)

								
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