Your Federal Quarterly Tax Payments are due April 15th Get Help Now >>

Propagation of Agroforestry Trees by ewghwehws

VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 23

									Allanblackia Integrated
Domestication Strategy
West and Central Africa



                      Asaah ICRAF-WCA/HT
               BP 16317 Yaounde, Cameroon
 Tel: (+237) 223 75 60; Fax: (+237) 223 74 40
                    Email: e.asaah@cgiar.org
                                                                                  1

           African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
Topics for discussion
 Background
 Main Components of Domestication

 Allanblackia Domestigram

 Partnerships

 Management and Coordination

 Lessons Learnt

 Development of a national strategy
                                                                                2

         African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
    Background
   Of the 9 recorded
    species of Allanblackia,
    4 occur in this region:
   3 occur in Cameroon;
       A. floribunda (Nigeria),
       A. gabonensis and
       A. stanerana &
       A. parviflora (Ghana).


                                                                Fruiting A. floribunda tree
                                                                                              3

                   African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
             Main Components of
             Domestication
   Some specificity of agroforestry trees for
    domestication - Allanblackia
       Species with threatened habitats and populations
       Limited knowledge on propagation
       Limited knowledge on management
       Incomplete knowledge on nutritional qualities
       No formal varieties
       Traditional use based on wild harvest
       Timid promotional campaigns
       Limited product development
       Limited market information systems
                                                                                         4

                  African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
   Review and collation of available literature on
    Allanblackia species.
   Determination of natural distribution and zones of
    abundance of each species.
   Development of germplasm collection and conservation
    strategies.
   Assessment of genetic diversity through molecular,
    biophysical & chemical characterisation studies.
   Development of suitable clonal propagation methods.
   Determine integration/diversification requirement of the
    species.
   Training and technical backstopping of stakeholders in
    the Allanblackia domestication initiative.

                                                                                      5

               African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
      Allanblackia Domestigram
                                             Characterisation studies



              Phenotypic studies                   Chemical studies                Molecular studies



                                                  Ideotypes selection
Other trees


               Sexual propagation                                       Vegetative Propagation


                           Seedlings



                                                                    Grafting               Cuttings/Marcots



                                                                               Improved propagules


                                                                                Participatory evaluation
                                                                        CS of propagator                      6

                    African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
           Partnerships
ICRAF-WCA
       Farmer Groups
       CBOs
       NGOs
       NARS
       Universities
       Private sectors
   In Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon

                                                                                       7

                African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
Key elements in partnerships
   Partners should be strategic
       On technical, policy and NRM domains.
   Partnership appraisal
       to assess how partners fit into the strategy and
        what mutual and complementary benefits could
        arise from such partnerships.
   Definition of specific roles and potential
    contributions of partners
       e.g. Allanblackia domestication initiative
                                                                                       8

                African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
        Partners Roles and Responsibilities..1
Farmer Groups & CBOs                                1.     Indigenous knowledge,
                                                    2.     Seed collection,
                                                    3.     Propagate and plant Allanblackia

NGOs                                                1.     Facilitates stakeholder collaboration,
                                                    2.     Production & distribution germplasm
                                                           for incorporation into farming systems,
                                                    3.     Promote best practices for sustainable
                                                           wild harvesting & biodiversity
                                                           conservation
                                                    4.     Promote development & investment
                                                           opportunities to create additional
                                                           income at producer level
NARS                                                1.     Development of propagation
                                                           techniques,
                                                    2.     Development of agroforestry systems
                                                    3.     Conduct ecological studies to establish
                                                           the abundance and a baseline for
                                                           sustainable harvesting
                                                    4.     Extension of best practices of
                                                                                                  9
                                                           Allanblackia domestication
                   African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
Universities and Research Institutions               1.     Development of propagation
                                                            techniques
                                                     2.     Development of Allanblackia
                                                            cultivars
                                                     3.     Development of agroforestry
                                                            systems
Private sector                                       1.     Facilitates the development of
                                                            marketing networks and supply
                                                            chain
                                                     2.     Facilitates resource mobilization
                                                            for Allanblackia domestication
                                                            initiative



                                                                                                10

                    African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
     Co-ordination and Management
   Proper co-ordination and management is
    important to leverage the benefits from
    such synergies with multiple partners.
   ICRAF Cameroon & Novella projects in,
    Ghana and Nigeria are facilitators of the
    Allanblackia domestication initiative in west
    and central Africa.
   However, ownership and sustainability of
    the programme in Cameroon, Ghana and
    Nigeria is ensured by NARS staff seconded
    to support the programme implementation.                                       11

            African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
   Organize stakeholders annual planning
    and evaluation meetings aimed at
    developing:
        an integrated strategy for sustainable
        extraction,commercialization of
        Allanblackia seeds from natural stands in
        the short term, and
       production of quality germplasm of
        Allanblackia for integration into farming
        systems in the long term.
                                                                                       12

                African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
   Outcomes of planning meetings include:
       Specific roles and contributions of partners in the
        implementation of the Allanblackia domestication
        initiative established;
       Key stakeholders evaluate past activities and
        orientate future work as required.
       Partners and stakeholders present and
        consolidate yearly work plans and budgets.
       Elements for writing of yearly progress reports
        derived, gaps for further research identified and
        directions for further orientation of the
        domestication initiative and resource mobilisation
        strategies defined.
                                                                                       13

                African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
Organise technical backstopping
   Crucial for partners in the different countries
    playing a prominent role in empowering
    communities and farmer groups on
    Allanblackia domestication.
   Partners have to develop pilots in villages
    which will constitute future Allanblackia
    knowledge (Resource) centers in
    communities for dissemination of best
    practices of Allanblackia domestication
                                                                                     14

              African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
   Allanblackia knowledge centers are being
    developed in Cameroon with partners who
    participated in germplasm collection, production, &
    biophysical characterization,
   Nigeria with partners who participated in a national
    tree domestication training course with emphasis on
    Allanblackia in July 2006.
   Tanzania following an Allanblackia domestication
    training course organized in July 2006 and
   Later in Ghana after similar plan training course.



                                                                                       15

                African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
Highlights of Training in Tanzania




                                                                            16

     African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
Structure of Knowledge Center
    10 non mist propagators, germination beds,
    quality seeds/seedlings of AB and a number of priority
     species,
    stock plants plots established of AB and other priority
     species,
    at least 10 selected female trees cut down for mass
     multiplication through vegetative propagation,
    plants of AB and other priority species produced by sexual
     or vegetative propagation techniques,
    demonstration plots of AB integrated with other priority
     species and
    training materials on (nursery techniques, propagation
     methods, guidelines for tree integration and management
     etc..).                                                                          17

               African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
    Integration models for Allanblackia
   Allanblackia is not isolated but integrated in
    the domestication process of working trees
    (fruits, medicinal, culinary, fodder, fuel wood,
    timber…) on working landscapes (agricultural
    and degraded forest landscapes).
   Preliminary work done in Cameroon on
    Allanblackia integration under partial shade
    in secondary forest and under direct sunlight
    indicates that Allanblackia seedlings will
    required partial shade just like other local fruit
    trees.
                                                                                     18

              African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
Models for Integration in mixed agroforestry systems
   1 farm      =                      1,000,000 AB trees
   100 farms =                        10, 000 AB trees each
   500 farms =                        2,000 AB trees each
   1,000 farms =                      1,000 AB trees each
   5,000 farms =                      200 AB trees each
   10,000 farms=                      100 AB trees each
   100,000 farms=                     10 AB tree each

                                                                                   19

            African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
Lesson learnt and gaps
1.   An integrated domestication strategy to
     guide the Allanblackia domestication
     initiative has been developed and is in
     place. Various components of the strategy
     e.g. development of suitable propagation
     methods, characterization studies and
     integration models are being implemented
     at varying levels in Cameroon, Ghana,
     Nigeria and Tanzania.
                                                                                   20

            African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
2. Biophysical characterization methods have
   been developed, and descriptors for the
   predication of nut traits from fruit traits (fruit
   size=high number of nuts) identified. These
   results will gradually be applied in the
   selection of mother trees for germplsam and
   fruit collection in the different countries.



                                                                                   21

            African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
3. Solid and strategic partnerships developed,
   however, there should be a clear definition
   of roles and responsibilities among and
   between partners in the Allanblackia
   domestication initiative.
4. The need to facilitate the creation of
   Allanblackia knowledge centers in
   communities that will play the key role of
   dissemination of knowledge on best
   practices of Allanblackia domestication.
5. Develop a sustainable funding mechanism
   for Allanblackia domestication initiative.
                                                                                  22

           African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre
      Development of a national
      strategy specific to Cameroon
   Since domestication is a farmer driven and
    market led process, it is important that
    mechanisms to put in place to establish a
    supply chain for Allanblackia seeds in
    Cameroon.
   In the absence of an alternative wide scale
    local use for the seeds, the non-existence of
    the supply chain is a disincentive for
    Allanblackia cultivation in Cameroon and all
    awareness efforts on the species might not
    make a difference in the eyes of farmers.
                                                                                    23

             African Humid Tropics Regional Programme – World Agroforestry Centre

								
To top