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					Ch. 30 Sec. 1- Revolutions in Russia
Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description. Note: Some letters
may not be used at all. Some may be used more than once.

 A. soviet B. Duma C. pogrom D. Rasputin E. Karl Marx F. Lenin G. Nicholas II H. Bolsheviks I.
Mensheviks J. Sergey Witte K. World War I L. Alexander III M. Bloody Sunday N. Russo-Japanese War
O. Trans-Siberian Railway P. provisional government Q. March Revolution (1917) R. New Economic
Policy (NEP)

____ 1. This was Russia's first parliament.

____ 2. He was the last Romanov czar of Russia.

____ 3. He was the major leader of the Bolsheviks.

____ 4. This is another name for the Revolution of 1905.

____ 5. This was overthrown by the Bolshevik Revolution.

____ 6. This group masterminded the revolution in November 1917.

____ 7. This type of organized violence against Jews was encouraged by Alexander III.

____ 8. This man's influence on Czarina Alexandra led a group of Russian nobles to murder him.

____ 9. This general uprising forced the czar to abdicate.

 ____ 10. For Russia, this ended with the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which cost Russia a large
chunk of territory.

 ____ 11. This was the influential local council of workers, peasants, and soldiers, formed by social
revolutionaries in cities such as Petrograd.

 ____ 12. After the assassination of this man's reform-minded father by revolutionaries, he determined
to strengthen "autocracy, orthodoxy, and nationality" in Russia.

13. Why did the Bolshevik Revolution succeed after earlier revolutions had failed?
Ch. 30 Sec. 1 Answer Sheet

1. B. Duma 2. G. Nicholas II 3. F. Lenin 4. M. Bloody Sunday 5. P. provisional government

6. H. Bolsheviks 7. C. pogrom 8. D. Rasputin 9. Q. March Revolution (1917) 10. K. World War I

11. A. soviet 12. L. Alexander III

13. Possible answers:

The Revolution of 1905 was more a political demonstration than an actual revolution, but it prepared
the way for the Bolsheviks by sparking further unrest and weakening Nicholas's rule.

The March Revolution in 1917 forced Nicholas to abdicate but failed to establish a strong government.
The decision of Kerensky's provisional government to keep fighting in World War I caused conditions in
Russia to worsen.

Lenin's return from exile gave the Bolsheviks a powerful and ruthless leader.

The Bolsheviks gained control of several powerful soviets.

In November 1917, the Bolsheviks acted quickly to seize power and dispose of the provisional

The Bolsheviks immediately ended Russian involvement in the war and focused on domestic problems.

The Bolshevik Red Army won the civil war with their opponents' White Army.

The Bolsheviks were able to restore peace, revive the economy, restructure the government, and
institute certain reform policies.

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