Bloom's Taxonomy Objectives by cuiliqing

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									Bloom’s Taxonomy
  & Instructional
    Objectives
           Bloom’s Taxonomy

•    In 1956, Benjamin Bloom headed a group of
    educational psychologists who developed a
    classification of levels of intellectual behavior
    important in learning.

• This became a taxonomy including three
  overlapping domains;
     – the cognitive,
     – the psychomotor, and
     – the affective.
                   Bloom’s Taxonomy
                     (cognitive aspects)
        Level         Level Attributes     Keywords

1. Knowledge

2. Comprehension

3. Application

4. Analysis

5. Synthesis

6. Evaluation
                   Bloom’s Taxonomy
        Level          Level Attributes                Keywords

1. Knowledge         Rote memorization,          List, recite, define, name,
                     recognition, or recall of   recall, quote…
                     facts
2. Comprehension

3. Application

4. Analysis

5. Synthesis

6. Evaluation
                   Bloom’s Taxonomy
        Level          Level Attributes                Keywords

1. Knowledge         Rote memorization,          List, recite, define, name,
                     recognition, or recall of   recall, quote…
                     facts
2. Comprehension     Understanding meaning in    Describe, explain, restate,
                     facts                       give examples…

3. Application

4. Analysis

5. Synthesis

6. Evaluation
                   Bloom’s Taxonomy
        Level          Level Attributes                Keywords

1. Knowledge         Rote memorization,          List, recite, define, name,
                     recognition, or recall of   recall, quote…
                     facts
2. Comprehension     Understanding meaning in    Describe, explain, restate,
                     facts                       give examples…

3. Application       Correct use of the facts,   Calculate, predict, solve,
                     rules, or ideas             demonstrate…

4. Analysis

5. Synthesis

6. Evaluation
                   Bloom’s Taxonomy
        Level          Level Attributes                Keywords

1. Knowledge         Rote memorization,          List, recite, define, name,
                     recognition, or recall of   recall, quote…
                     facts
2. Comprehension     Understanding meaning in    Describe, explain, restate,
                     facts                       give examples…

3. Application       Correct use of the facts,   Calculate, predict, solve,
                     rules, or ideas             demonstrate…

4. Analysis          Breaking down info. Into    Classify, outline,
                     component parts             categorize, illustrate…

5. Synthesis

6. Evaluation
                   Bloom’s Taxonomy
        Level          Level Attributes                Keywords

1. Knowledge         Rote memorization,          List, recite, define, name,
                     recognition, or recall of   recall, quote…
                     facts
2. Comprehension     Understanding meaning in    Describe, explain, restate,
                     facts                       give examples…

3. Application       Correct use of the facts,   Calculate, predict, solve,
                     rules, or ideas             demonstrate…

4. Analysis          Breaking down info. Into    Classify, outline,
                     component parts             categorize, illustrate…

5. Synthesis         Combining parts to make     Design, build, invent,
                     a new whole                 compose, generate

6. Evaluation
                   Bloom’s Taxonomy
        Level          Level Attributes                 Keywords

1. Knowledge         Rote memorization,           List, recite, define, name,
                     recognition, or recall of    recall, quote…
                     facts
2. Comprehension     Understanding meaning in     Describe, explain, restate,
                     facts                        give examples…

3. Application       Correct use of the facts,    Calculate, predict, solve,
                     rules, or ideas              demonstrate…

4. Analysis          Breaking down info. Into     Classify, outline,
                     component parts              categorize, illustrate…

5. Synthesis         Combining parts to make      Design, build, invent,
                     a new whole                  compose, generate

6. Evaluation        Judging the value or worth   Choose, support,
                     of ideas/information         compare, contrast,
                                                  evaluate….
               Bloom’s as a Hierarchy

• It is helpful to think of the hierarchy:
   – “Knowledge” as lower-level task.
   – “Evaluate” as upper-level task.
          Using Bloom’s Framework?

• When to use lower-level objectives?
• When to use upper-level objectives?
• What constraints (cognitive, etc.) may be of
  consideration?
            Using Bloom’s Framework?

• [ask students to consider when to plan/use lower vs.
  higher-level objectives] when planning material.
   – E.g. new material should emphasize lower-level objectives.
   – E.g. concrete thinkers may have difficulty with upper-level type
     objectives.

   – Etc.

								
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