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Bloom's Revised Taxonomy


									                                                                  Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy

           Traditional Taxonomy                                                                                                    Revised Taxonomy
                                                  In 1956, Benjamin Bloom headed a group of
                                                  educational psychologists who developed a
                                                  classification of levels of intellectual behavior
                                                  important in learning. During the 1990's a new group
                                                  of cognitive psychologist, lead by Lorin Anderson (a
                                                  former student of Bloom's), updated the taxonomy
                                                  reflecting relevance to 21st century work. The
                                                  graphic is a representation of the NEW verbiage
                                                  associated with the long familiar Bloom's Taxonomy.
                                                  Note the change from Nouns to Verbs to describe the
                                                  different levels of the taxonomy.

                                                  Note that the top two levels are essentially exchanged
                                                  from the Old to the New version.

                                           define, duplicate, list, memorize, recall, repeat, reproduce, state, recognizing, listing, describing, identifying, retrieving,
Remembering: can the student recall
                                           naming, locating, finding, bullet pointing, highlighting, bookmarking, social networking, social bookmarking,
or remember the information?               favoriting/local bookmarking, searching & googling.
                                           classify, describe, discuss, explain, identify, locate, recognize, report, select, translate, paraphrase, interpreting,
Understanding: can the student
                                           summarizing, inferring, paraphrasing, classifying, comparing, explaining, exemplifying, advanced searches, Boolean
explain ideas or concepts?                 searches, blog journaling, twittering, categorizing, tagging, commenting, annotating & subscribing.
Applying: can the student use the          choose, demonstrate, dramatize, employ, illustrate, interpret, operate, schedule, sketch, solve, use, write, implementing,
information in a new way?                  carrying out, using, executing, running, loading, playing, operating, hacking, uploading, sharing & editing.
                                           appraise, compare, contrast, criticize, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, examine, experiment, question, test,
Analyzing: can the student distinguish
                                       comparing, organizing, deconstructing, attributing, outlining, finding, structuring, integrating, mashing, linking,
between the different parts?           validating, reverse engineering & cracking.
                                           appraise, argue, defend, judge, select, support, value, evaluate, checking, hypothesizing, critiquing, experimenting,
Evaluating: can the student justify a
                                           judging, testing, detecting, monitoring, blog commenting/critiquing, reviewing, posting, moderating, collaborating,
stand or decision?                         networking, refactoring & testing.
                                           assemble, construct, create, design, develop, formulate, write., designing, constructing, planning, producing, inventing,
Creating: can the student create new
                                           devising, making, programming, filming, animating, blogging video blogging, mixing, re-mixing, wiki-ing, publishing,
product or point of view?                  video casting, podcasting, directing & broadcasting

     Richard C. Overbaugh & Lynn Schultz, Old Dominion University
                                                                  Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy
    Taxonomy Element                  Keywords & Actions                                            Digital Approaches
Higher Order to Lower Order        Items in Italics are part of    Key: WP-Word Processing; DTP-Desktop Publishing; GIS-Geographic Info. Systems
Thinking                           Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy
                                                                   Film (Movie maker, Avid Free DV, Pinnacle Studio, Adobe premiere elements Online tools [See
Creating                                                           www,
                                                                   Presentation (PowerPoint, Impress, Zoho presentation tool, Photo story, Google present)
                                                                   Story (WP, DTP, Presentation, podcasting, photo story, voice thread)
Generating/creating new
                                                                   Project (WP, Ganttproject for Gantt charts and PERT Charts, Openproj for gantt, Pert and critical
ideas, products, or ways of
                                                                   pathways) calendars, flow charts [inspiration, freemind, C-Map , smartideas], mind maps)
viewing things (Putting            Designing Constructing
                                                                   Blogging & video blogging (Creating original content in a blogging environment) - Blogging
together/combining ideas,          Planning Producing
                                                                   tool, blogger, wordpress, classroom blogmiester, bloglines
concepts or elements to            Inventing Devising Making
                                                                   Vodcast, podcast video casting screen casting - voice thread, blogging tool, skype
develop/construct/build an         Building programming,
                                                                   Plan(Inspiration, Cmap, free mind, WP, Calendar)
original idea or                   filming, animating,
                                                                   New game (Gamemaker, RPGmaker)
engage/stimulate in creative       Blogging, Video blogging,
                                                                   Model (Sketchup, Blender, Maya3d PLE, autocad)
thinking).                         mixing, remixing, wiki-ing,
                                                                   Song (finale notepad, WP, Sound recorder, Audacity, podcasting, recording narration in
Rubrics At create level -          publishing, video casting,
                                                                   presentations [photo story 3, PowerPoint, impress] Online tools [See web2.0]
       Publishing -podcasting      directing/producing
                                                                   Media product (DTP, Movie maker, Corel, GIMP,, Tuxpaint, Alice, Flash, Podcasting -
                                                                   Online tools [See web2.0]
       digital publishing                                 )
rubric.pdf                                                         Advertisement (DTP, Corel, GIMP,, Tuxpaint, Movie maker, Alice, Flash, Podcasting)
                                                                   Painting (Corel, Paint, GIMP,, Tuxpaint online tools -
                                                                   Debate (WP, sound recorder, podcasting, inspiration, free mind, Chat rooms, IM, email,
                                                                   Discussion boards, video and Phone conferencing [skype, IM])
                                   Checking Hypothesizing
                                                                   Panel (WP, chat rooms, IM, email, Discussion boards, Video and phone conferencing)
Justifying a decision, solution,   Critiquing Experimenting
                                                                   Report (WP, DTP, Presentation, Camera)
answer or course of action         Judging Testing Detecting
                                                                   Evaluation (WP, DTP, Mind Map Presentation, camera, GIS[Google earth, Google Maps, Flickr
(Judge/evaluate/analyze the        Monitoring (Blog/vlog)
value of ideas, concepts,          commenting, reviewing,
                                                                   Investigation (Internet, Online tools, camera, WP, GIS[Google earth, Google Maps, Flickr
materials and methods by           posting, moderating,
developing/constructing and        collaborating, networking,
                                                                   Verdict (WP etc)
applying standards and             reflecting, (Alpha & beta)
                                                                   Conclusion (WP, DTP, Presentation)
criteria).                         testing.
                                                                   Persuasive speech (WP, Sound recorder, reasonable -argument software, Mind map -
Rubrics at Evaluating level -
                                                                   presentation mode)

    “What is Bloom’s Taxonomy?” Educational Origami                          
                                                                Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy
                                                                 Commenting, moderating reviewing posting - discussion boards, forums, blog, wiki's, twitter,
      validating rubric.pdf                                      threaded discussions, bulletin boards, chat rooms
                                                                 Collaborating: discussion boards, forums, blog, wiki's, twitter, threaded discussions, bulletin
       2 threaded discussion                                     boards, chat rooms, video conferencing, chat rooms, instant messaging, txt and pxt messaging,
rubric.pdf                                                       video messaging audio conferencing
                                                                 Networking - social networking tools, audio and video conferencing, email threads,
                                                                 telecommunications, instant messaging etc
                                                                 Survey (Web, WP, Spreadsheet, surveymonkey email, discussion boards)
                                                                 Database (relational; databases using MySQL and Access, Flatfile database using Spreadsheet,
Analyzing                                                        wikis, GIS [Google earth, Google Maps, Flickr, Arcview/explorer])
                                                                 Abstract (WP)
Breaking information into                                        Relationship maps - Herring or fish bone mind maps, SWOT Analysis, PMI, Venn, 6 Questions
                                 Comparing Organizing
parts/components to                                              [See Bloom's, Learning styles & thing organisers] ( Inspiration, kidspiration, smart ideas, Cmap,
                                 Deconstructing Attributing
explore/develop/construct                                        Mindmapper, freemind Online tools -
                                 Outlining Structuring
understandings and                                     
                                 Integrating, Mashing,
relationships (Breaking                                
                                 linking, reverse-
information down into its                                        Report (WP, DTP, spreadsheet, presentation, web, GIS [Google earth, Google Maps, Flickr
                                 engineering, cracking,
component elements).                                             Arcview/explorer])
                                 mind-mapping, validating
Rubrics at Analyzing level -                                     Graph (Spreadsheet, digitizer)
                                                                 Spreadsheet (Calc, excel)
      data analysis rubric.pdf                                   Checklist (WP, Spreadsheet)
                                                                 Mashing - intel mash up
                                                                 Chart (Spreadsheet, digitizer, mind mapping tools online tools -

Using information, concepts
                                                                 Illustration (Corel, inkscape, GIMP, Paint)
and ideas in another familiar
                                 Implementing Carrying           Simulation (Floor map, graphic tools, google sketchup)
situation (Using strategies,
                                 out Using Executing Doing,      Sculpture Demonstration (Presentation, graphics, screen capture)
concepts, principles and
                                 running, loading, playing,      Presentation - impress, PowerPoint, google presentation, Zoho presentation
theories in new situations).
                                 operating, hacking,             Interview (WP, mind mapper, podcast, vodcast, audacity, sound recorder)
Rubrics at Applying level -
                                 uploading, sharing, editing,    Performance (Podcast, vodcast, film, audio recording, speech, PowerPoint Show)
                                 Wiki editing                    editing - video and sound tools
      wiki editting rubric
                                                                 playing - mmorpg's online games, simulations like Global conflicts palenstine

     collaboration rubric.pdf
Understanding                    Interpreting Exemplifying       Recitation (WP, Mind map, flashcards, presentation tools)
                                 Summarizing Inferring           Summary (WP, Mind map, internet, wiki)

   “What is Bloom’s Taxonomy?” Educational Origami                         
                                                             Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy
Explaining/defining ideas or     Paraphrasing Classifying     Collection (WP, Mind map, internet)
concepts (Understanding of       Comparing Explaining,        Explanation (WP, Mind map, internet)
given information).              Advanced searches,           Show and tell (WP, presentation, graphics, audio tools - audacity sound recorder, video tools,
Rubrics at Understanding level   Boolean searches, blog       Mind map)
                                 journaling, twittering,      Example (WP, Mind map, internet, DTP)
-       2 threaded discussion    categorizing and tagging,    List (WP, Mind map)
rubric.pdf                       commenting, annotating,      Label (WP, Mind map, Graphics, online tools - ajaxdraw)
                                 subscribing                  Outline (WP, Mind map)
      blogging rubric v2.pdf                                  Advanced and Boolean searches - advanced search features - google etc
                                                              Blog journaling - bloglines, blogger etc
       advanced search                                        Diary/Journal (blogging, Myspaces, bebo, facebook, bloglines, blogger)
rubric.pdf                                                    Categorizing and tagging - etc
                                                              tagging, comments annotating - -notice boards, discussion boards, treaded discussions, adobe
      search rubric.pdf                                       acrobat reader, blog readers, Firefox, zotero
                                                              Subscribing - aggregators - bloglines, Firefox extensions
                                 Recognizing Listing          Quiz/Test (Online tools, WP, Cue sheets)
Remembering                      Describing Identifying       Flashcards (Moodle, Hot potatoes, scorm objects)
                                 Retrieving Naming            Definition (WP, simple Mind maps, wiki)
Recalling specific information   Locating/Finding, Bullet     Fact (WP, Mind map, internet, discussion boards, email) Worksheet/book (WP, Mind map,
(Recall or recognition of        pointing, highlighting,      Web)
specific information).           bookmarking, social          Label (WP, graphics tools)
Rubrics at Remembering level     networking, Social           List (WP, Mind map, Web publishing)
-                                bookmarking,                 Reproduction (WP, internet, graphics tools, Chat rooms, email, discussion boards)
                                 favoriting/local             Bookmarking internet browsers, web 2.0 tools
      bookmarking rubric.pdf     bookmarking, Searching,      Social Networking - facebook, myspaces, bebo
                                 googling,                    Basic Searches - search engines google

   “What is Bloom’s Taxonomy?” Educational Origami                     

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