Protecting Children “It’s Everyone’s Job to make Sure I’m Alright” Key Learning Points • Raise awareness what child abuse is and the five categories of abuse. • Introduce signs and symptoms of child abuse. • Be aware of how to respond to a child. • Be aware of the procedures to be followed when abuse is suspected/identified Why are we focused on Child Protection? • The Council is committed to the protection of children and vulnerable adults. • All employees have a responsibility to support this commitment The Children Scotland Act 1995 The needs of the child are paramount Each child has the right to protection from all forms of abuse, neglect or exploitation. R Number of Children on Child Protection Register 300 250 200 City 150 Shire Moray 100 Scotland 50 0 2002 2004 2006 2008 Children on Child Protection Register at 31st March 2008 35 30 25 20 Total 15 Male 10 Female 5 0 0-4 5 - 10 11 - 14 - 16 yrs yrs 13yrs yrs % of Abuse by category by area 60 50 40 Emotional Physical 30 Physical N 20 Sexual F to T 10 0 City Shire Moray What is Child Abuse? “ Children may be in need of protection where their basic needs are not being met, in a manner appropriate to their age and stage of development, and they will be at risk through avoidable acts of commission or omission.” Protecting Children: A Shared Responsibility, 1998 Physical Injury Physical Neglect This is when a child is hurt Basic need for food, warmth or injured . Includes hitting Safety, education & medical Etc other ways of inflicting pain, attention Or injury eg toxic substances Non-organic Failure to thrive Sexual Abuse Child Abuse Children who significantly Child is used sexually, Types fail to reach normal Kissing, touching, intercourse developmental milestones Encouraging child to look at pornography Emotional Abuse Denying love, affection, constantly Threaten or humiliate, degrading punishments Rubbishing etc Physical Behavioural indicators indicators • Frequently dirty, hungry or • Inappropriate sexual awareness inadequately dressed • Domestic violence in the home • Left in unsafe situations or without medical attention • Drug alcohol abuse in the home • Constantly put down, insulted or • Unexplained changes in sworn at. behaviour • Seems afraid or parents / carers • Difficulty in making friends • Unexplained bruising in soft • Distrustful of adults tissue areas, black eyes, repeated injuries • Excessive attachment to adults • Burns, scalds & bites • Reluctance to go home • Marks from implements • Injuries to the mouth • Reluctance to remove clothing • Inconsistent stories about the • Change in attendance pattern injuries BUT If you have a concern……. Any concerns about the well being of a child need to be shared. No matter how good we are at evaluating and assessing matters to do with children we cannot evaluate and assess potential risks as we only know a tiny part of the whole picture. We must share our concerns with the Child Protection Co-ordinator at the school, (the Head Teacher or Senior staff , Mentor) No single individual can protect children by acting alone (Safe and Well 2005) Responding to the Child • Stay calm. • Listen. Do not promise to keep secrets. Reassure the child that they were not to blame and have done the right thing in telling you Do not ask questions Follow procedures What Exists to help you ? • Designated staff in each establishment Child Protection Coordinator Head Teacher Mentor • Training • Procedures “ Protecting Children and YP in Aberdeenshire” School Procedures NESCPC Guidance Factual, Accurate Timely Signs of Physical Injury Behaviour & emotional state Comments Your Actions Sign and Date Making Confidential Notes Responding to Child Protection Concerns “ If a member of staff has any concerns relating to a child At risk from any form of abuse, the following procedure Must be followed “ “Protecting Children and Young People in Aberdeenshire” • Hard copies issued to all establishments • Can be accessed on www.aberdeenshire.gov.uk/parentscarers/childprotection.asp Responding to Child Protection Concerns Concerns about a child? Possible concern about Discuss with CP Coordinator, Mentor a child Head Teacher Or senior member of staff If concerns immediate & you cannot make contact Observe , Record, Report What if I’m Wrong ? • You can only know what you know • Its everyone’s job to make sure I’m alright • Raise the concern with staff at the school • Treat all children and young people with respect • Ensure your conduct is a good example to children • Protecting your relationship with a family or individual is never an option where there are child protection concerns. The welfare of the child is always paramount.
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