Arkansas Symbols Each of the states in the United States has symbols that represent that state. (Suitable for grades K thru 4) Arkansas has its own set of symbols • First, let’s look at the following: • state flag • tree • insect • beverage • Can you guess any of them? Kindergarten Framework H.6.K.2: Identify state symbols of Arkansas This is our state flag! • The Arkansas flag is red, white and blue with a diamond in the center. Our state tree! • The pine tree is our state tree. • Do you have a pine tree in your neighborhood? State insect! • There is a buzz that the honey bee is our state insect! I am an Arkansas honey bee! Yummy, milk is our state beverage! and in someone’s tummy! Review! • Our state flag looks like • The state tree is a • Our state insect is the • The Arkansas beverage is Begin grade 1 Framework: H.6.l.2 Identify state symbols of Arkansas The apple blossom is our state flower. They bloom in the spring Our state bird: the Mockingbird • Listen to the mockingbird sing!! Pink tomato • It is our state fruit/vegetable. • You can find them in our state in the summer. The square dance is our state folk dance. • Have you watched anyone square dance? It is good exercise! State Instrument: the fiddle! • It can also be called a violin. Review! • The state flower is the • The bird of the state is the • What is the official fruit/vegetable? Review • The state dance is the… • What is the state instrument? Grade 2 Framework H.6.2.2: Identify state symbols of Arkansas The gem of Arkansas is the…. • Diamond!! You cannot find these in a box of Cracker Jacks! The state mineral is quartz. • Have you come across quartz on a walk before? The Rock of Arkansas… • is bauxite. It is used to make aluminum. What do you think it looks like? A white tailed deer is our state mammal. • They can been seenss in green belts or forests in the state. Arkansas is our state anthem • Arkansas by Mrs. Eva Ware Barnett • Arkansas was published by the Central Music Company in Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1916 by Eva Ware Barnett and Will M. Ramsey. It became the first song designated as the Official State Song of Arkansas when the Arkansas General Assembly adopted it by Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 6 on January 12, 1917. Review! • The gem of Arkansas is the • What is the state mineral? • The state rock is …. Review! • Our state mammal is the • The Arkansas anthem is (????????) Third grade • Framework: H.6.3.1: Research the history of the Arkansas state flag Arkansas state flag Colors of the flag • The Arkansas flag is red, white and blue just like the USA flag. It represents that we are part of the union of states called the United States of America! The diamond • The diamond in the center of the flag represents that we are the only diamond producing state in the USA. • Diamonds can be found at Murfreesboro in southern Arkansas Stars in the diamond • The twenty five stars in the blue portion of the diamond represent that Arkansas was the 25th state to join the United States. Stars • The three stars underneath the name, Arkansas, represent the state has been part of three countries: Spain, France and the USA. Also Arkansas was the third state created from the Louisiana Purchase Another star! • The Star above the name, Arkansas, represents that the state was once part of the Confederate States of America. • The present flag was adopted in 1913. Review! • What color(s) is the flag of Arkansas • Why? Review • Why is there a diamond in the center of the Arkansas flag? • Why are there 25 stars in the blue portion of the diamond? • Why are there three stars below the word, Arkansas? • Why is there one star above , “Arkansas”? • When was our present flag adopted? 4th Grade Arkansas state motto Framework: 6.4.1: Discuss the meaning of the state motto of Arkansas What is a motto? • According to the Merriam Webster online dictionary, it is “a short expression of a guiding principle” • State mottoes may be said to reflect the character and beliefs of the citizens of the state, or more accurately, the citizens of the state when they were adopted. State mottoes can help us gain insight into the history of a state. Motto: Regnat Populus • The People rule! Is the translation of this Latin phrase • The motto was first adopted as a part of the official seal in 1864 and then updated in 1907. • What does it mean that the people rule? 4th Grade Arkansas state seal • Framework: H.6.4.2: Examine the history of the State Seal of Arkansas and its components. The Arkansas State Seal Why do we have a Seal? • Placing the official Seal of Arkansas on documents signifies or shows that the document is authentic/genuine. • Originally the seal was embossed in sealing wax but at present the seal is usually embossed on the document or a “foil” replica of the seal is placed on the document. History of the Arkansas State Seal • The history of the seal began in territorial Arkansas • Samuel Calhoun Roane designed and drew it in 1820 The seal was adopted in 1836 when Arkansas became a state. Only the wording changed. -some changes occurred in 1856 History of the state seal • In 1864 the legislature adopted a new design that is still in use today • A change was made in 1907 to modify the motto somewhat • The motto changed from Regnat Populi (peoples rule) to Regnat Populus (people rule) Law states that the seal must include certain symbols • An eagle at the bottom holding a scroll with the motto printed on it • A bundle of arrows in one claw • An olive branch in the other claw • A shield covering the eagle’s breast • The shield is engraved with a steamboat, a beehive, a plow and a sheaf of wheat Symbols of the state seal • At the top of the seal is the Goddess of Liberty • She holds a wreath in her right hand • She holds a pole in her left hand with the liberty cap on top • She is surrounded by a circle of stars • The stars are surrounded by a circle of rays Symbols of the State Seal • On the left of the seal is a figure of an angel which represents “mercy”. • On the right of the seal is a sword that is labeled as “justice”. • Around the outside circle of the seal the words, “Great Seal of the State of Arkansas” is enscribed. The Great Seal of Arkansas Review! • Why do we have a “Great Seal of Arkansas”? • How is the “Great Seal” placed on state documents? • What is the motto that is placed on the seal? Translated, what does it mean? • What type of bird appears on the seal? • What goddess is at the top of the seal? More Review! • The angel on the seal represents what? • Justice is symbolized by what object? Sources • http://ideas.aetn.org/edw • http://www.sos.arkansas. eb/arregions/1_lp/Arkans gov/education.html is a as%20State%20Symbol site from the Secretary of s%20Lesson.pdf This State’s office which site has lesson plans has educational and additional power resources on state points. Listed under 2nd symbols. grade, there is a section on teacher notes for • http://www.EnchantedLe state symbols. arning.com has great info on each of the 50 states Sources • http://encyclopediaofarkansas.net is an excellent source for the symbols, motto and seal.
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