Monsoons by ewghwehws


 The Seasonal Winds
What is a Monsoon?
          Monsoons are
          seasonal winds that
          blow across Asia and
          many other
          countries that bring
          rain and drought.
          Seasonal Patterns and Causes
          During half of the year the suns rays strike directly above the equator, the
land mass of India is heated more than the Indian ocean. This draws moist hot air from
over the ocean onto land, bringing the rains of the Southwest monsoons. When the tilt
of the Earth brings the direct sunrays south of the equator, the heating of the Indian
ocean draws the cooler dry air of the northeast monsoon from the highlands of India
across the countries of South and Southeast Asia. As a result, India has three seasons:
Hot and wet, warm, and very hot. During the hot, wet season, from mid-may to
October, rain usually falls everyday and sometimes all day. Almost all of South Asia”s
annual rainfall falls during this time. In the cooler season, which runs from late
October to mid-February, the temperature for January averages 77 degrees Fahrenheit
and in some areas possibly lower. The hottest season runs from late February to early
May. At the end of the season, the average monthly temperature reaches the lower
100s in many parts of South Asia. By July rains have brought the average temperature
down to 84 degrees Fahrenheit in most places.
   Where Monsoons Form and Occur
         Monsoons most often occur where large continents and oceans
lie close together at latitudes on or near the equator. Southern and
eastern Asia are well-known areas for monsoons. This is greatly due to
the seasonal heating and cooling of the Asian continent. Continental
heating causes this humid air to rise, condense, and form clouds and rain.
Monsoons are mainly known to form in areas that are close to the
equator but they can occur in other areas also.
              Adapting To Monsoons
         People from India are forced to adapt to the seasonal monsoons to
survive. Farmers have to plant crops more than once a year so they can
have enough food for the growing population. Since farmers cant just rely
on the monsoon rain season, the government built dams to better control
the water. Then they use that water and spread it out through the
irrigation systems, this allows them to plant crops more than once a year
and not just rely on monsoons.
Destructive Effects
             Floods
             Destroyed homes
             Flood waters carry away
              fertile soil for crops
             Buildings and monuments
              can be destroyed
             People can be left homeless
              because of damage to their
    Benefits of a Monsoon

 Farming
 Economy
 Helps environment
Monsoons are COOL!

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