Mexico_ by ewghwehws


									Tell me what you know about
Vocabulary Words to Define for
•   Aztecs         •   Frijoles Refritos
•   Chilies        •   Guacamole
•   Conquistador   •   Moles
•   Comida         •   Plantains
                   •   Siesta
Unit notes presentation
Map of Mexico
Mexican Flag

    Green: Hope
    White: Purity
Red: Blood of National
        Global Perspectives:
Capital: Mexico City (star on map)
Population: 111,211,789 (July 2009 est.)
Diversity: “Mestizos” European and Native
Features: Deserts, mountains, grasslands,
  woodlands, and tropical rain forests
  -Rio Grande separates Mexico from Texas
  - Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico form its
            Global Perspectives Cont.:

Climate: wet and humid, nearly half of
  Mexico is arid or semi-arid
  Travel Conditions: depending on the
  location can be sunny all the time with
  tropical weather.
Political System: Federal Republic
 Executive branch and chief of state exist,
  elections are held every six years and people
  win by popular vote.
  Current Leader: President Felipe de Jesus
  Calderon Hinojosa
President Calderon
Economic Overview:

Mexico has a free market economy that
 recently entered the trillion dollar class. It
 contains a mixture of modern and
 outmoded industry and agriculture,
 increasingly dominated by the private
 sector. Recent administrations have
 expanded competition in seaports,
 railroads, telecommunications, electricity
 generation, natural gas distribution, and
         Global Perspectives Cont:

Exports: Gold, silver, zinc, sulfur, lead,
 manganese and seafood

Imports: Metal working machines, steel
  mill products, agricultural machinery,
  electrical equipment, car parts for
  assembly, repair parts for motor
  vehicle, aircraft, and aircraft parts
           Social Concepts
Lifestyles: Typical Mexican homes are
  made of adobe brick, living quarters in
  all are simple, families are close knit.
  Night life is big in tourist areas of the
Occupations: Farmers, Industry
  workers, Services (doctor, lawyer,
  police, etc), Clothing, Motor vehicles,
  Tourism, and Mining
              Social Concept Cont.

Popular Sports:
  Futbol (Soccer),
  baseball, track and
  field, basketball, Jai
  Alai, Bullfighting,
  Rodeos, and Boxing
  among others
            Social Concepts Cont.

Historical Events:
• Aztecs were the last of the empire
  builders in Mexico.
• By 1521 the soldier Hernan Cortes
  gained control of Mexico for the
• Aztecs lost power and civilization was
• Spain ruled Mexico until 1821
           Historical Events Cont.

• Wars w/Texas and the US resulted in
  loss of much of its northern territory
• President Benito Jaurez helped the
  recovery of Mexico
• From 1876 to 1911 dictator Porfirio
  Diaz ruled Mexico until he was over
  thrown from the government
    Work today:

Page 498 Chapter 28 in

Questions 1 to 7 ONLY
        Cultural Factors
Art: Murals are a famous part of
  Mexican Indian Art
-Mayan’s would paint on the walls
-Large and colorful
-Have been scenes of peasant life or
  event from Mexico history
Cultural Factors Cont.

            Music: Traditional
             Mariachi bands,
             and the marimba is
             a popular
            Cultural Factors Cont

Language: Spanish
Religion: Mainly Roman Catholic,
Famous Artists: Diego Rivera was a
 famous painter, Frida was also a
 painter and Carlos Chavez to name a
Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo
             Cultural Factors Cont.

Education: Children must attend from
  ages 6 to 14 years old
-6 years of elementary level
-3 years of basic secondary level; they
  then graduate with an option to go to
  upper secondary then off to college
-Most go this route, but don’t always
               Cultural Factors Cont.

Holidays and Festivals:
-January 6th: Three Kings Day (like a
  christmas event)
-March 21st: Birthday of Benito Juárez (former
-May 15th: Teacher’s Day (Día del Maestro)
-September 16th: Independence Day
-November 2nd: The Day of the Dead
-December 12th: Day of the Virgin of
  Guadalupe (honors the appearance of the
  virgin mary to a native mexican)
-December 25th: Feliz Navidad!
             Benito Juárez
• For resisting the
  French occupation,
  overthrowing the
  Empire, and restoring
  the Republic, as well
  as his efforts to
  modernize the country,
  Juárez is often
  regarded as Mexico’s
  greatest and most
  beloved leader
Cinco De Mayo

        Commemorates the
          Battle of Puebla. On
          May 5, 1861, Mexican
          forces led by General
          Ignacio Zaragoza
          conquered the French
          occupation forces near
          the city of Puebla. It's
          this victory that's
          celebrated every
          May 5th
Holiday Food Traditions:
-Joyful holidays are called fiesta’s!
-Use pinatas for the children to hit while filled
  w/ candy, fruits, and toys
-Fasting during lent
Daily Food Customs:
-1st meal of the day is called a “desayuno”
  which is a substantial breakfast
-Fruit, tortillas, bread, sweet rolls, eggs, etc.
-Main Meal is called “Comida”; served btwn. 1
  and 3 in the afternoon
                  Cuisine Cont.

-Comida typically includes a 6 course meal;
  followed by a siesta (rest period)
- A light snack is called a “merienda” is
  served around 5 or 6pm; usually includes a
  fruit, chocolate, or coffee and sweet breads
- Dinner is called “cena” which is served
  around 8 to 10pm; servings are smaller and
- -Cena and Merienda can be combined and
  eaten in the early evening
                    Cuisine Cont.

Specialty Dishes:
- Chocolate drinks
- Coffee
- Enchiladas Verdes (chicken with green sauce)
- Tacos
- Ensalada de Valenciano (pepper salad)
- Frijoles Refritos (refried beans)
- Polverones (mexican wedding cakes)
- Quesadillas
- Burritos
- Fajitas
- Tamales
Enchiladas Verdes, Polverones, Quesadillas
               and Fajitas
Refried Beans and Taco’s
                 Cuisine Cont.
Typical Foods and Seasonings:
-Hot peppers             -Tortillas
-Tomato                  -Oregano
-Cilantro                -Chilies
-Sour Cream              -Onion
-Corn                    -Chocolate
-Olives                  -Citrus Fruits
-Beans                   -Coconut
-Chili                   -Green Beans
-Sweet Potatoes          -Squash
-Chorizo                 -Fish
                  Cuisine Cont.

Equipment and Cooking Techniques:
-Comale: a flat iron to fry tortillas
-Molino: (muddler) used to whip Mexican
-Stone Slab & Roller: used to flatten tortillas
-Taco Serving Rack: used to serve taco’s
-Tortilla Press: used to grind tortilla dough
  into a flat pancake like shape
-Taco Cooker: used like tongs to deep fry
 Muddler       Taco

Taco Serving

              Cuisine Cont.

-People of Mexico make it a point to
  serve beverages to guests.
-Conversations and socializing are an
  important part of having visitors.
-Believe in good manners at dinner and
  every day living
-Say “Salud!” when people sneeze
  meaning “good health”
                 Cuisine Cont.

Table Settings:
-Mexican people have the same general table
  settings as those in the US
-Mexicans keep both hands on the table while

Meal Patterns:
-Lunch is the main meal of the day
-Dinner can be light or heavy depending on
  the family
-Differ from those in the US, families with a
  good income may eat four meals a day.
                 Cuisine Cont.

Food Costs:
-Prices can be comparable to those in the US.
-Variety of choices from market stands

-Corn and bean productions are the highest
-Sugar cane, tobacco, coffee, tomatoes, green
  peppers, peas, melons, citrus fruits,
  strawberries, and cacao beans
       and Vegetables
         of Mexico
On a separate sheet of paper or on the back of your
notes write down the following three categories leaving
space in between each for a list:
1. Fruits        2. Fruit Vegetables    3. Vegetables
Oranges and Limes

-- Citrus fruits that
grow very well in
Mexico’s weather
-Often used to
preserve vegetables
--Also used as a
flavoring for
                     --Largest member of
                     the passion fruit
                     --Cut the fruit in half
                     and scoop out the
                     pulp with a teaspoon
                     -- Seeds are edible

Yellow Guavas
--Grown in warmer
parts of Mexico
--Good source of
Vitamin C
--Vary in colors
(yellow most
popular of Mexico)
--originated in South
-- Many varieties
including a Sugar Loaf
Pineapple that is green
when ripe

 -- 1,000’s of varieties
 --Most popular of the
 tropical fruits
                                           --Often sold from the
                                           streets in busy towns with
                                           cooled ice water
Prickly Pears
--Part of a cactus    -- Range in colors
--Used for its pulp
                    -Not a member of
                    the tomato
                    --Cape             Tomato
                    Gooseberries       --Varieties at large
                                       in Mexico
                                       --Used in too
Avocado                                many recipes to
                                       list them all
--Came from the
--Used most often
in Guacamole dip
Plantain              Nopales
--Like a banana but   --Edible part of a cactus
with a mild flavor
                      --Used in stews and
--Used in many        soups
cooking dishes vs.
eating plain          --Even added to
                      scrambled eggs
                      --Flavor of a green bean
                      with an acidic tang
Sweet Bell Peppers
--Range in color
--Mild and sweet flavors
--Seeds should be

            -- Over 150 varieties
            found in Mexico
            --Serrano level 8
            --Jalepeno level 6
                        Sweet Potatoes
                        --Range in colors
                        --Staple food of the

--Every part of the
corn is used from
stalk to husks
--Several uses
including flour,
tamales, salsas, etc.
                        --Member of the
                        squash family
                        --Mild flavor
                        --Best served in
                        salads or salsas

--Yam Bean
--Native to Central
--Texture resembles
that of a crisp green
                      --Summer and Winter
                      --Part of the Pumpkin

Green Beans
--Lima and String
Beans are most
commonly used
--Lima Beans with a
tomato sauce is a

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