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Causes of American Revolution Tea act 1773 Proclamation of 1763 Intolerable Acts of 1774 Townshend Acts of 1767 Stamp Act of 1766 Boston Tea Party 1773 French and Indian war Boston Massacre 1770 1756-1763 The French and Indian war The French and Indian War started in southwestern Pennsylvania 250 years ago when France, Great Britain and Native Americans battled for control of one of the most important pieces of real estate in North America during the 18th century. As the British colonies became more populated and prosperous, their citizens began to look towards the rich lands across the Appalachian mountains as providing new opportunities for settlement and economic growth. The French became worried about British encroachments into this region. The conflict resulted in the British acquiring Canada , while Spain gained Louisiana in compensation for its loss of Florida to the British. Proclamation of 1763 This law was put in act to keep peace in American colonies. The law stated that colonists could not settle west of the Appellation mountains. This did not go well with the colonists because owning land meant everything to the colonists. The colonist ignored the law and moved west anyway. In effect closed off the frontier. Stamp Act The stamp act was the first attempt of Britain tax. The act required that each sheet of every legal document was stamped to show that a tax had been paid. The colonist were angry because there was no representatives in parliament therefore parliament could not tax them. The colonists reacted by boycotting British goods. The British did not give up to the colonists instead they passed the declaratory act which give parliament the right to rule and tax colonist. Townshed Acts The town shed acts were a way to tax the colonists without offence. There are five townshed acts. They were a plan to trick colonists to cut the British land tax and tax colonists instead. The colonists reacted to these acts by boycotting British goods. Even though taxes were not high colonists believed this was just the start for British to take over colonists. Boston Massacre no March 5, 1770 the Boston massacre began. Five men had been shot to death in Boston town by British soldiers. The event known as the Boston Massacre was a mob of men and boys taunting a sentry standing guard at the city's customs house. When other British soldiers came to the sentry's support, a free-for-all ensued and shots were fired into the crowd. Four died on the spot and a fifth died after four days. Six others were wounded. The soldiers were arrested for murder but with the help of John Adams and Josiah Quincy six soldiers were acquitted. Tea Act The Tea act was not suppose to raise revenue in the American colonies, and in fact imposed no new taxes. It was designed to prop up the East India Company which was floundering financially and burdened with eighteen million pounds of unsold tea. This tea was to be shipped directly to the colonies, and sold at a bargain price. America found reason to believe that this act was a maneuver to buy popular support for the taxes already in force. Colonist did not like the tea act and boycotted tea. The Boston massacre was a result of the tea act. Boston Tea Party The British East India Company had controlled all tea trading between India and the British colonies. As a result of the tea tax, the colonies refused to buy the British tea. And on December 16, 1773, a group of men known as the" Sons of Liberty" went to the Boston Harbor. The men were dressed as Mohawk Indians. They boarded three British ships and dumped forty-five tons of tea into the Boston Harbor. Intolerable acts The Intorerable acts were past to take more control over American colonies. There were five acts. The first act which is the Quarting act, was passed on March 24, 1765. this act stated that all colonist were to house every British soldier who came to there door and asked to stay. The second act (the Boston port act ) closed the port of Boston until all damages from the Boston tea party were paid for. This act was put into law on June 1, 1774. The third act was the Administrative of justice act. This act said that British officials would not be able to be tried in provincial courts. The Massachusetts government act was the fourth act. This act gave British control of the town meeting and took control out of colonist hands. The fifth and final act is the Quebec. It changed the Canadian border.
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